VOL XII. THISD SEEIES
SAUSBUEY, H. G, APRIL 28, 1881.
The Carolina Watchman,
l ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 1832.1
i PRICE, ft JO IX ADVANCE. . -
CONTRACT ADVERTISING RATES.
i ; FEJJRUAHY 20, 1S30. , Y
i i l month 2 m's s m's m's I2'mj
i onfor j
' Two tor
I v column tor
! w do. do.
f do. do.
.TJPMraPD TOP TIPATl f
m . . ..
1 f i
M M I I l ' I
J0H1I S. HDTCSIirSON,-
DEALER IN .
Italian ana American llarble
Monuments, Tombs and Gravestones,
I . . OF EVEUT DESCKllTiyX. If
I- Being practical marble-worker, U enable
m.nf fiecniinx any piece of-' work from the
..i.mi tn the rawt elaborate in an annum
ntyle, and is a guaranty that perftctaiifaction
wilKbe given 10 me inos exacting ji.iw
Call and examine my Stock and prices be
fore purchasing, us 1 will sell at the very low
out prices. '
! Designs and estimates for any desired work
will be furnished on application next door
to J. D. McNeely's Shore.
Salisbury, N. C, March 9, 1831.
1R. CRAWFORD & CO.
1 " ARE SELLING
f rOHTABLE - '
jekm AND PACTOST
!, , sieam mm. '
ll 1 1 ft ' ,Tsr--.
o; our o;vn and Foreign :nuke and
From the Finest to the Cheapest. '.
m Belttnff, Cliampn Mote,
Horse 'Rakes, &e.
Salisbury, Jan. 1831. ly
TMs londerW Improied Saw MacUns
j w "w iw9-root loir in tnrre mla-
Cord wood or loin of mi size in a dT
1 KAS,,T8 WJWTtB. Illel rirculur and t.rm. FrM.
ifAinm TXHMX.H' MAMTACTrKl.Xti CO- i
Ii. n. CT.KMEST.
1 CRA1GE & GLEMENTf
t to r n c y
.0 at 3? aw,
SALISBURY. X. C.
ATTOliXEY JT LdU)
j Practicesin the. Stale and Federal
i l. - " mto4 VmrH tar Ita.
DAVID LAMiKKTII fc 80NS.FbiiwJPA.
SALISBURY, N. C.
Jn.nay22 1879 tt.
$2.60 $3.60 $5.00
4.50 6.25 7.50
.00 7.50 11.00
7.50 .00 13.50
.75 - 11.25 16.50
1 5.75 80.50 25.50
20.25 ( 83.75 4S.75
The Happy Man.
By flay,' no biting cares assail y
My peaceful, calm, can ten ted breast;
By night my slumbers neirer fail
Of welcome' rest I
Soon as the eon, with orient beam,
Gild the fair chambers of, the day,
Musing, I trace the murniuriug streams
That wind their way.!
- " i ;
Around me nature fills the scene
With boundless plenty and delight,
And touched with joy sincere, serene,
I bless the sight. j
' " .'--!
I bless the kind creating Power
Exerted thus for frail mankind,
At whose command descends the shower
And blows the wind. I
... ' j
Happy the man who thus at ease,
. Content with that which nature cives; -
t auihi guiiijr terrors uevr seize,
I U! ;t. ' - - .
lie trulr liven. ' ' !
1 tako j'our gifts, O, yesterdays,
And safe from all on friendly eyes
I set them one by one away,
Secure from change or sore surprise.
I take your gifts, glad yesterdays !
And when 1 turn from work to play,
From care to rest, they'll make iiiy joy,
And make my heart its holiday.
I take your gifts, sad yesterdays
The better deed I might have done,
The tears I might have wiped away,
- The higher heights I might have won.
You show, 0, tearful yesterdays,
How poor my life's most perfect part;
You tear the crown of pride away ;
And give instead the pitying heart.
1 1 see the wave of summer woods,
I hear the lapse of far-oifjstreams,
The murmur of the honeyed pines
ltun sweet and low along hiy dreams.
And still a tender heart enfolds
A faded fare, a laughing tone
The lingering fragrance of a joy,
-One yesterday made all its own.
I takevonr gifts, rich yesterdays!
Henceforth may no on I call mupoor;
Fortune may strip her gaiuU away,
The wealth ol all the Past is suiCi.
-Wf jostle in the careless crowd,
Wenieet, we pa it, welgojour ways;
Jiut ea.:h, unseen, bears'up jto God
'J"h miju of. all his yesterdays'.
Woman's Woui.-T-"Womau!'a work is
uover doii(":iy8 the old saw.! Tradition
lias jnaik,tU,unt Ihe routiue of her daily du-
Ues fconiewbat after this fashion;
Monday's wi,rk h wash, auate:j
mf&uiiy s wws jo w iron, wi m j grace;
Wednesday's work is JU bake ami sew,
Thursday's work is fo clean for show;
Friday s work is to sweep, dystiaud brush;
Saturday's is to cook with a rush:
The next t lieu comes is the Sabbath day.
And then she's too tired to rest or to pray
From Senator Vance's Sycecb.
What North Carolina DidA Lesson
' Taught by the North.
At the beginning of the war in 18G1,
the taxable proj e.ty of the State cf
North Carolina, upoa which this debt
was based, amounted to $225,000,000.
I have not been able to obtain in this
city, as I expected, the official docu-
ments'of ' the btate Department of
North Carolina, and I state it from
memory at 225,000,000, $100,000-,
000 of which was slave property.
When the Legislature passed the act I
have just had read by the Secretary,
the slave property of course was gone,
and the real estate and all the remain
der of the property that had been tax
able was much diminished In value,
so that it can be said wjtb truth that
the taxable property of the State at
that time amounted to about $100-,
000,000, not more;
In 18(38 further provision yas made
for funding the accumulated interest
that hud not been paid ; and in the
same year, another session of the
legislature, tlje maturing bonds were
fun4cd. It was also provided that they
should bear interest at the rate of 6
per cent, until provision was made for
(heir payment ; so that up td the year
,1868 every act that an impoverished
and almost ruined people pould per
form for jthe discharge of their obli
gations was done, and was adhered to
as faithfully as was in our power. In
186, however, there came What was
known as reconstruction. The four
teenth amendment was submitted to
the people of North Carolina, and it
was announced that unless that amend
ment was adopted the State could not
be re-adthitted to the Union. The
fourteenth amendment contained a
provision that North Carolina should
repudiate 'all oT her debt contracted
directly or indirectly in aid pf the re
bellion. S we had either to remain
out of the! Uniorr under the eontrol of
the militia which was, placed over us
by the reconstruction acts, or we had
to adopt the fourteenthamendment and
drink thischaliceof repudiation which
was fmtput to our lips. I announce
without the fearot being contradicted
thattor the first time iu thelmtory of
North Carolina was she compelled to
repudiate any of her obligations. In
the-course of two hundred and ninety
years, since the ships of Walter Ral
eigh dropped their anchors in Hat
teras Inlet and the first man of the
Indo Germanic race ever beheld her
glorious forests and her rivers and her
bays, for the first time North Caroli
na was compel led to be recreant to
her plighted faith; land that she then
did so at the dictation of the loval
non-repudiating, debt-paying, honest
andi virtuous people of theNorth
the republican party of the North ! I
speak of those who ; controlled the
North, of course. I commend the fact,
Mr. President, to-the consideration
of gentlemen upon the other side.
What was repudiated by that section
of the fourteenth an end ment which
we were compelled1 to adopt in bur
ewn constitution, nud which was
adopted by ibe't Legislature which
was elected nnder the reconstruction
acts? Not only all of the debt pro
perly created by the State of North
Carolina in aid f the war, (of that
we could Jiot so much complain,) but
the bonds issued in support of the
government of the State during the
period of the war had found their
way into all the channels of trade
and intercourse among our people.
A large amount of ithern had found
their way to banks' necessarily, and J
most ot those tanks when these
bonds were repudiated became bank
rupt and were destroyed. Widows
and orphan children whose all con
sisted in these bonds which had
been taken for them by their guar
diaus or by admin'strators of which
they were the distributors-, those were
. The school fund found itself in the
possession of a large number of them;
these were repudiated, tind the little
children of the State, standing n the
midst of a stripped and desolate coun
try, as ours was then, found them
selves without the means of education
simply because the State had been
compelled to repudiate the obligation
which constituted their fund, Many
an orphan child who has grown up in
ignorance, and -whose name will up-
jear in the census reports as one ot
the illiterate in North Carolina, owes
that illiteracy to the repudiating pol
icy forced upon the people of North
Carolina by the Government of the
United States under the control of the
Republican party. Nay, sir, it per
meated every private contract. In
the ease of a young man buying a
horse and going oil into the army and
enlisting in the cavalry with that
horse, giving his note for it, our Re
publican Supreme Court, following the
dictates of the fourteenth amendment
of the constitution, have declared that
the value of that horse could not be
recovered in our courts because the
seller believed or had reason to know
that the horse would be used in aid of
the rebellion. At that time when we
were laboring under the most rigid
blockade, and when the spoor of our
people were almost on the poiut of
starvation, communities formed as
sociations for the purpose of buying
salt for the poor, and to keep women
and children from starvation. Our
Supreme Court decided that under the
fourteenth amendment of the Crnsti
tution of the United States and the
articles of our own Constitution, which
we were obliged to adopt in conformi
ty thereto, the money which purchas
ed that salt to save those women and
children from starvation was advanc
ed contrary to public policy and was
in support of the rebellion, and could
not be paid. It permeated j every
thing; it reduced our people to abso
lute ruin; they had been on the edge
of it before. If we had coijne out
straight and square, and repudiated
every dollar we owed, we couid have
been justified to some extent in saying
to the country, "you taught tis that
doctrine of repudiation." In the lan
guage of Mazeppa, we could have said;
The school wherein I learn to ridie.7
But in spite of all that, we had en
deavord faithfully to maintain plight
ed obligations. j
Speak a Few Words aboat the
North and South.
Gen. B. F. Butler, being at this
time a gentleman out of politics, has
been making a winter sruise in his
yacht America to the West j India
Islands and Florida He has just re
turned, and being in New York o.i
Monday, was, as a matter of course,
buttonholed by one of those bold
"interviewers," who are always; ready
to pounce upon a .'conspicuous 'politi
cian. Of his voyage he said but; little.
In Cuba he found a very friendly
feeling towards the United rotate,
mingled with some expression of re
gret that ; our duties on sugar are so
imposed as to prevent the producers
from sending it to us with any; reas
onable profit. Of Florida he spoke in
glowing terms. He found the people
mere man in or monev and sir.lr
ng money and sick of
politics, and rather thought that the
Mahone movement would be favora-
bly received at the South, but that the
white people there, "will never vote
for the Rcpublicaur party nor anyf
thing that has Republican attached
to it." vHis reason .for this, opinion
was that : the young men of the day
"have had instilled into them front
the time they irere. old enough to kno
anything, and, which - is as .ranch 4
part af thir existence as" anything
can be, that the! Republican party;
and everything attached, to it is the
destroyer of their patrimony ,the slayeif
of their parents, and tlie enemy of the r!
country. Believing these things as
strongly as they do, is it to be won-!
dered at that they never have votedl
for the Republican; party; and is it
unreasonable to argue that they never
will ?" He holds that nothing but a
break- up of the talvrartism , in both
parties and a reorgaruiatlon on new
issues can destroy the" sceiiouil feel-f
ing that continues to be manifested
both at the North and at the South,
Intimidation at the South was get
ting to be a thing of the past, he said;
but is on the increase iu Massachu
setts. Not intimidation by the shot
gun, but "by something that is more
disastrous to a free vote than a thou
sand shot-guns." How intimidation
was practiced in; Massachusetts he
went on to explain. "A man," he
said, 'who firmly believes in his
principles and as firmly advocates
them is not afraid of a shot-gun,- but
he is afraid of his wife and family
starving. With a; shot-gun you in
fluence but one vote. The manufac
turers inilueuce thousands of votes
by the meanest kind of intimidation.
Willi their thousands of work-men
they do not say to a man that if he
votes for the Democratic party he will
lose his place, but the facts shw that
when ho has so voted he has been
discharged. The workmen know this
and they do not vote.' Ofcourse,asGen.
B. has been repeatedly defeated in his
long-cherished aspirations to be Gov
ernor of Massachusetts, his explana
tion of the cause of his defeat is to be
taken with a grain of salt. Yet un
doubtedly the repression of the Demo
cratic vote, not oiily in Massachu
setts, but in several of the other New
England States, has been managed
largely iu this wayi There is, more
over, b ah point and pertinence in
his remark that the system of intimi
dation that compels a man to vote
agaiust his political principles rather
than let his wife and family starve js
the hiCiitesrk.rnit 6T intimidation.
The Ilaleigh Post office.
A dispatch from ! Washington says:
Governor Uoldcn, of North Carolina,
arrived here to-day. It will be re
membered that when the Democrats
obtained possesion of the Legislature
of North Carolina they impeached
and removed Gov. HoMeu from of
fice, and he was perpetually disfran
chised from holdim; anv State office
thereafter, lie was subsequently ap
xinlcd postmaster of Raleigh by Gen.
Grant and reappointed by Mr. Hayes.
He was a few weeks s r.ee nominated
by Gen. Garfield for another term,
but subsequently his nomination was
withdrawn and the name of Mr. Jno.
Nichols substituted. This, it is gen
erally considered, was due to the in
fluence of Judge Tourgee, who lived
in the same Congressional district
with Gen. Garfield for a long while
and is on very intimate terms with
him. Governor HoMou's friends
claim that he has given universal sat
isfaction iu the administration of the
Raleigh posloifice, and that all the in
fluential Democrats are desirous of
his retention. The effort will be made
to induce the President to send iu his
name ajraiii, and it is said both the
North Carolina Senators will support
him. The President and the Postmaster-General
have received a large
number of letters from prominent cit
izens of Raleigh asking the retention
of Governor iloldeii.
Mr. Je'TiTson DavN has recenfly
written a letter to Colonel John R.
Winsteid, which shows how heartily he
i-.cog:i"zd (he worth of N. C. t roups
iii iur late war. We give an extract:
"I am very glad to know that you
are preparing a history of the mili
tary service of the North Carolina
trops. I do not think they have gen
erally received their due meed of
praise. Without making invidious
comparison it may be said of them
that few great battles were fought and
fewer victories won to which North
Carolina valer did not materially
contribute. I tru t that your asso
ciates in arms will freely and fully
give yu those minor details which
cannot be fun ml in official reports, but
which best illustrate the deeds and
the men, we should give as examples
for future generations."
Wilkesboro Index: Thomas Davis, a
son of Justin Davis, of Beaver Creek
township, was stabbed, it is feared fatal
ly, by Thomas Cheatham, on Tuesday
last. The stab is from behind, and, Dr.
Gordon says, entered the lunc?. The un
fortunate affajr js the result of whiskey.
Lost and Won.
"There is a time we know "not when,
A place We know Tint vUni
I Tht marks the destiny of man,
giurj or despair.
f I once knew a young man whose promi
ses for future greatness were nn parallelled.
He is married now and has started "forth
with firm tread towards the pinnachV of
suecess. Noticing the advertisements that
the young people of the Methodist church
will render to-night that great moral tem
perance ptay, -"Ten nights in a bar-room,"
I thought it would not be a mis3 to rive a
Urief outline of my friend's career and re
late how nearly rum came to be his ruin.
I am not given to romance but will state
tae case in as plain a manner as possible.
To begin, we will call the hero Debray
and the young lady whoso name figures in
this narrative, we shall canKellie. -I: .
Debray had but a year or &b since the.be
giuning of the story atmfcrlur riiajfrity?
though he was enjoyiDg a good practice jx
his profession of law.
. Besides owning smne property of no mean
value, which, together with the fruits of
his own work, made his fortune easy, and
gave him prominence among mothers, as a
fine parti for their unmarried daughters.
Our hero fell desperatelyTn love with the
beautiful and only daughter of a wealthy
retired merchant who lived at a magnificent
country residenee a few miles from the city
in which Debray resided.
The course of their true love ran smooth,
and biing called off on a business voyage
to West India, I never gave a thought to my
friend, other than that I consider him hap
py and blessed beyond the lot of most of us
poor male mortals.
I was away for three years and it being
night when I arrived in my native city, in-,
stead of seeking my paternal roof, I put up
at the hotel. Feeling a weary from my
long travel I repaired to the saloon, which,
on account of the lateness of the hour, was
quite deserted. The barkeeper .and a gen
tleman were conversing and while sipping
my toddy I listened in wonder and surprise
the following story :
'You promised to tell me about Debray,
Dick,' said the stranger to the bar-keeper.
Yes, yes,' said Dick, 'as soon as I finish
waiting on this gentleman.'
I begged him to proceed and that if he
had no objection I would be delighted to
hear the story myself.
No objection being raised, after lighting
our segars and taking comfortable seats,
the bar-keeper related as follows:
'Yes, I knew Debray, and when I knew
him at first, there Was a sort of particular
pleasing general air .about him which the
French call 'debonair.' Nature had shaped
him on a plan most liberal, had given him
good looks, good language and manners
that were expressive both of the gentleman
and of the student.
He was not stuck up by any means tho'
it was difficult to put him down. He was
voted agreeable and jolly and was sought
after by all of the entertainers in the city.
At first he was in the habit of coming in at
night and I assure you that I liked him so,
I always spread myself to mix his drinks all
O. K. Now, gentlemen, I admire a judi
cious indulgence in the liquid, though it is
a poison at once complete and entire for
some folks; it is a bully companion, but as
a 1kss it is the devils own chum.
Now Debray commenced to increase his
doses at such a rate" he was floored in his
wrestle with ruin and I was grieved to
see him run down hill without putting
on breaks and lectured him some times even
at the risk of losing my trade. Vfell he
went on and on till he got powerful seedy
in his appearance and seemed to have lost
all of his high notions of honor and eelf-re-spect.
At times he would stop to think and
would become dreadful remorseful and swear
to reform himself but it ended by his tak
ing another drink.
Now you want to know what saved that
young fellow. Well, it was a woman. De
bray came into the saloon one evening he
had not been drinking that day and tak
ing a seat by the table, commenced groan
ing and calling himself a gone sinner.
He was thinking and cursing his luck
but it ended as usual by his ordering a
glass of whiskey. He was holding the
glass in his fingers when a young girl, like
a spirit with a face wonderful sweet, glided
in and going up to the. table took the glass
gently away horn Debray, saying to him,
'George it is over, I am only 'a woman and
I come to you to-day lowly and meek, for I
rejected you when I was angry. I thought
I was strong my darling but I am weak,
and cannot live without you. I come to
share with you the terrible bondage with
which you arc bound. I shall be true to
my love and if there is shame in the deed,
I will bear it. I have turned from the home
of my childhood, leaving comfort, content
ment and honor; I have come to you and
will stay to the end however terrible it may
be. I will share hunger and want with
you; we will join together in the pleasures
and dangers of drink then she raised the
glass firmly, and with a face pale as death,
said. 'Here's to wine and the joy of carou-
sals, the songs and laughter.'
Debray sprang up looking like a tempest
and taking the glass from her hauc, he sav
agely dashed it away. His manner was
stern though grand, as he said : 'I have
done with it Nelly, sq help me God, I will
turn from the ways I have been going and
live to be worthy of you.'
It is needless for me U attempt to relate
the rest. i
A few days ago I saw Debray looking
handsome and nobby aid gay and in the
carriage with him were his queenly wife
and the nurse held in her arms a sweet lit
tle bit of a baby."
This was the, bar-keeper'a story, and as I
Uft his saloon I put away whisky and
drink, and to-day know that I am a better
inan for hearing Bar-keeper Dick's story,
j I saw my friend the next day and learned
ffom his own lips the history fj his lifo
since last we had parted. It was aa I hare
written. Hay this simple story, told in a
simple style, prove a check to the down
ward course of some boy who is somebody's
Agricultural Experiment Station
Bulletin No. 8. April 8th, 1831.
iThe following analysis of Fertizers have
been completed: Premium Superphos
phate of Lime, manufactured by llyiuana
a-mcy, Norfolk-Va., otScwl simple
contains : Water 1S,G3, sand 7.20, araib
able phosphoric acid JJD7, iusoluble phos.
acid 1.67, ammonia 2.o7, potash 0.U3 per
cent. Commercial value per ton (2,000tts)
Ammoniated Soluble Xavassa Guano,
Ndvassa Guano Co., Wilmington, N,- C,
official sample coutains, water 17.33, saud
8.94, available phosphoric acid 8.19, in
soluble 4.57, ammonia 3.16, potash ODU
per cent. Commercial Valno per "ton,
Georgia Grange Chemicals, Moses &.
DeLeou, Norfolk, official sample contaius,
water 13.23, sand 67, available phospho
ric acid 14.20, Insoluble phos. acid 0.29,
potash 2.56 per cent. Commercial Yalne
per ton (2000&S.) $39.58.
Etiwau Dissolved Bone, Etiwan Phos.
Co., Charleston, S. C, official sample con
taius, water 15.27, saud 13.20, available
phos. acid 11.98, insoluble phos. acid
2.35. Commercial value per ton (2,0001ba.)
Diamond Soluble Bone, Walton, Whaun
& Co., Wilmington, Del., official sample
contains, water 14.39, saud 8.22, availa
ble phosphoric acid J0.04, insoluble phos.
acid 3.44, potash 0.98 per cent. Commer
cial value per ton (2,000Ibs.) $20.30.
Sea Gull Ammoniated Dissolved Bone
Phosphate, Patapsco Guano Co., Balti
more, Md., official sample contains, wa
ter 13.96, sand 1.94, available phosphoric
acid 8.76, insoluble phos. acid 4.54, nm
mOuia 2.49, potash 1.33 per cent. Com
mercial value per ton (2,000ms.) $33.44.
Wilcox,- Gibbs & Co.'s manipulated
Gnano, W. G. & Co., Charleston, S. C,
official sample contains, water 14.51, sand
7.37, available phosphoric ?-90, insoluble
phosphoric acid .57, ammonia 2.67, pot
ash 2.21 per cent." Commercal value per
ton (2,0001bs.) $38.40.
Standard Fertilizer, Standard Fertili
zer Co., Boston, Mass., official sample
coutains, water 23.46, sand 2.96, availa
ble phosphoric acid 9.2-", insoluble 0.92,
ammonia 1.82, potash 1.49 per ceut. Com
mercial value per ton (2,0001bs.) $32.34.
Sea Fowl Guano, Bradley Fertilizer
Co., Boston Mass., official sample con
tains, water 15.14, sand 5.01, available
phosphoric acid 10.19, insoluble phospho
ric 2.30, ammonia 2.49, potash 0.25 per
cent. Commercial value per ton (2,000
H. Preston & Son's Acid Phosphate,
Preston Fertilizer Co., New York., official
sample contains, water 14X9, Sand 7.28,
available phosphoric acid 11.68, insoluble
phosphoric acid 3.60 per cent. Commer-
cial wdue per ton (2,0001bs.) $29.20.
Chas. W. Dahnkv, Jk.,
The action of the executive committee
of the Board of Agriculture iu purchasing
for the use of that department the Nation
al Hotel property in this city was emi
nently prudent aud economical. For less
than half the cost of the grouud and build-,
iugs, and much less than they could pos
sibly have erected a suitable building
(evon with the aid of convict labor), they
have secured pcrmauent quarters for the
commissioners, the geologist and the mu
seum, and for the laboratory of the chem
ist, I)r -Dabney, who will, we learn, short
ly remove to this city.
There will be, besides, ample room for
the accommodation of the Supreme Court,
and probably the State Library, whenev
er it shall be deemed advisable to trans
fer them from their present cramped
quarters in the capitol. By such trans
fer tho Secretary of the State aud the Au
ditor will be enabled to arrange and care
for their important records iu a more sat
isfactory manner than is now possible in
their single rooms,. The hotel buiMing
wilt afford, besides, rooins for the com
mittees of the General Ascmbly, and the
giounda are the proper place for theerecr
tioh of necessary buildings which would
disfigure tho capitol square, and for the
storage of wood and coal.
The eiecntivo committee, Governor
Jnrris, aud Messrs. Battle and Holt, dem
onstrate their excellent business capacity
by their prompt action in this purchase.
The; opportunity for such a bargain does
not often occur, aud should not be missed.
We congratulate the Board of Agriculture
aud the State of North Carolina upon the
purchase. Xeics & Observer.
Has created many a new business;
Has enlarged many an old business ;
Has revived many a dull business;
Has rescued many a lost business;
Has saved many a failing business ;
Has preserved nuay a large business ;
Arid Becure success in any business.
lA-. ".. , ....
A conscientious man ha Tn vented
eg, tastes jusfc like an a-ntTof
conrso he is prom of the achievnjen
And . now the New Haven Krjulcr
stands ready to give -$1.50 for ther
t. . vaiiKCBs ne ftatefcesirwr
BKWAUE. Thoso Reanfff.l t
analino pencils,, which make purple
p.uuaus. A little girl of thi
imwu wrote on a Dieeo nf ntiiwr !
chewed np the naner rnnti;nr, 1 i !
ui incin, a SUOn tlnift m nn.l nft.
writing. . it made her deathW uir ,
advise parent to be cantioos in allowing:
v,...M,ou w uw,uim peocus.Fayette-r
Laoui? LvNrKSAusjN MrssouRi. St. -Lours,
April 13. Land Commisaioner -Coffin,
oftlio St. Louis and Sau Francis
co Railroad, closed yesterdayy tfe sale oC
133,000 acres of land in Barry coontvr
Missouri, to the Missouri Land Comnnr .
of Scotland. Tho ourchaM tvn.
Sidway, Bogue & Co., of Chicago, as
agents of a Scotish company. A largo
number of Scotish colonists will be set-,
tied on the land. - -- -
Raleigh Xews and Observer:, So thor
oughly disgusted are the citizens of Itfew
York with the failure of the street-cleaning
bill that they are talking seriously of
"seceding" from the State and setting op '
an independent government of their own
Tho conduct of the Legislature in this in- :
stance is but ono of many similar out
rageous acts of interference and opprea
aiou in the iuterest of local rings, bat it
happens to--be. the last straw that 'has
broken the patient submission of the pec-
pie, and unless tho Legislature recedes
from its present position, it not iinpoasi- -ble
that New York may 6eek to erect her
self into an independent city like Ham
burg, Germany, with no responsibility to.
the State at all. ,
Redmond, the Outlaw, Captured
r rom me Asneviiie Citizen.
Our Franklin correspondent, under date
of Monday, gives us the following item: -
"I am informed, that Itedmond, the
celebrated cp. flaw, -Swain county f has ,
been arrested, was severely wounded, and
will die soon if not dead bylhis time. He
was at his house when gome revenue offi
cers went to arrestliim. They had con
cealed themselves in the bushes near the
house, but waa soon detected by Red
mond's dogs that began to bark, where
upon Redmond took his gun and went to I
investigate the matter, when he was
hailed by the party to "halt," but imme-
diately raising his gun to shoot was fired
unou instantlv br th nflflra wIiam
balls took effect, and will in all proba
bility result in his deaths "
Since putting the abovo in typoj we
learn Redmond was carried, after being
shot, to Charleston, where he died
on Friday. He said to Ray, who shot liim: .
"You have shot me. I never surrendered
aud never would have done so." For
several years Redmond has been living
a peaceful life farming on the Tennessee
River some twenty miles below Franklin.
He desired to be let alone aud to be per
mitted to live au honest life. An aveng
ing Nemiscs followed him, and the vio
lenco which he visited npon others has
been vUited on him.
Tho mound-builders were a race of
people very different in their habits and
modes of life from the Indians who occu
pied all the country at tho time of the
advent of the whites. They are now re
garded as a distinct and extinct race.
Of tlndr history very little is known, ex
cept what can be gathered from the
mounds and walls which they built;
most of these are made of earth or gravel.
They arc usually found overgrown by
living and decaying trees, front which we ,
have the proof that they have been aban
doned at least 1,000 year?. We have
proof also that tho mound builders work- ;
ed the copper mines of Lako Superior 5
lead mines near Lexington, Ky., and oil
wells iu Canada nd Pennsylvania. 1 The -remains
of the mound builders are spread
over a vast extent of country. They are
found iu the sources of the Alleghany ,' in
western parts of the State of New.York
and in. nearly all of the Western States,
includiug Michigan and Iowa. They
line tho shores of tlie Gulf of Mexico
from Texas to Florida, wheuco they ex
tend through Alabama and Georgia, hrto
South Carolina. From all the facts known
little more can belaid than this: That
the valley of the Mississippi and Atlantic7
coast were once densely populated by a.
Mrdeutiuy, agricultural and partially civK
lized race, quite different from the modern
Indians, though possibily the lrogeui
toisof sonie of the Indian tribes f that
after many centuries of occupation they
disappeared from oar country, at least
1 1,000, perhaps many thousaud years be
fore the advent of the Europeans.