VOL XIL- THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY. JUNE 30, 1881.
. . . . . ;- .... .:-. . . .. - . i v - .. ... -
, - .
Tk Carolina Watchniaii,
Established ix-the year 1822.
PRICK, $1.50 IX AUVAt.
CONTRACT ADVERTISING RATES.
1 month 8 ni's S m's e Da's if m's
" v. . ,
Italian ani American Marble
Monuments, Tombs and Gravestones,
J r,p cvkkV UESCIUPTIOX.
Biinjf praclicnl tnarbte-tvorker, ii enables
roYdf executing any piece of work from the
ulaiileHt to the moot elaborate in an artistic
ityM, and i n guaranty that perfect wdixfoclion
willfe given to the most exacting patrons.
Cill and examine my Stock and prices be
fore (purchasing, 8 1 will sell at the very low
etprtct. . -',
Deigns an'1 estimate Tor nny desiredwork
'witHiefiirnished on application, at ntxt door
to ) D. Mc'eelv' "Uore. ' -
.i;j,iirV. N C. 'March 9, 18S1.
R. R. CRAW FORE & CO.
FASM A1ID FACTORY
(It r UUl UU
Tie Finest RIFLE POWDER JEio
O; our own and Forelgnf make and
Fram tlie Finest totbe. Cheapest.
Horsa Eakes, &c.
Salisbury, Jan. 0, 1831.
Z.B.VXXCE. - ; W.H. Railet.
VANCE & BAILEY,
ATTORNEYS AND COUITSELLC RS,
CHARLOTTE, X. C. '
t Pracliee in fiiinri-niB Oonrt of tlie United
Stat4, .Supreme Court of North Carolina,
Fwle'tal Court, nml Coun'tien of Mecklenburg,
Cabs jruj," Union, Gaston, Kowan snil David
60. i flPBLiOffice. twu (loorn past f Indenen-
i M. MecORiri.r
TIIF.O. F. KI.UTTZ.
McCOHKLE & KLTJTTZ,
AtTORXEYS AND COUNSELORS,
:t . Salisbury, N. C. '
ftafOflSce on CounBil Streel, opposite the
Couit;IIouie. - 7:Gm
I. II. CLEMEXt,
i CRAlQE & CLEMENT,
ttoiiup at g?;ut
SALISBCRY. X. C. "'
i I- -
MSiHrTTt'V. TV. ? -
. . . -v- - .
j Practices in. the State and Federal.
3nx3ySt Counselcrs ;
SALISBURY, N. C
P V U1TDSZTH 80HS, PWlaWpWa, P
- - ' j " ' -"
! I" : !
I . tm
Crown Hi in.
In 1835, when Dr. Webb, and other
missionaries sailed, the -last words
heard from their native land were "Crown ,
Hiin Lord of all.'
They hushed their, breath, that noble
ToatcIi the last farewell,
The deachonie shore reoeeding fast
With every ocean swell.
Above the city's noise and din,
A ng rose on the air
A soiiff of tiiumph and of jar.
JProui loved ones gathered there.
"All hail the powej- of Jesuj ri
And, clear us bugle call, j :
The words came' floating otfthe air;
Gh! crown IIiniXordf all I'1 -;, V1
They taught theitpirit'of the hyiiiff?3 ' -
Danger aud death looked small
To thii: brave quesi who gave tbeirlives
To crown Jliui Lord of ull.
A battle hymnthat song sped on
"The world for Christ "" the call,
For every Island of the sea
; .Shall crown him Lvd of all.
On Himalaya sunny stope,
Bv DelhiVivinjilv dl
They lay their lives dowu at his feet,
And crown Him Lord of all. j
Tlie Southern Cross begins to betid,
The iRornitiir dawns ut lat, j
Llol and shrine and mosque and tower,
At Jesus' feet are east.
Triumphant Zion, lift .thy head,
Let every burden fall;
Come cast your trophies at His frier,
And crown Him Lord ot all !
L. M. Latimer, in Woman's Wprlc for
Culture is something-above andi beyond
education. One may be very learned in
certain directions, may be an authority In
language, science or art, yet may not have
attainetTtrue culture. We can coufceiye of
a. scholar, a learned man, who shall be
coarse, sensual, rough in speech ad man
ner; in short, a barbarivn of the Dr. John
son type; but when we speak of a cultured
person, we admit no such possibi Itics in
A rich field may be ploughed Uep, but
with furrows crocked and half-turned, -un-tihtly
stumps may be scattered here and
there, and wild brambles and thistles may
flourish in every 1 fence corner ; yet if theT
ground be well harrowed and gopd seed
used, a fine and remunerative crop may be
prowu; nevertheless, nonecould assert that
theland had been well cultivated. Beside
this field lies perchance another, less rich
and generous in soil, whose owner ha3 re
moved every stump, weed, and unsightly
bush ; it has been carefully drained, tW
ploughing has been exact,' -smooth" and
deep ; then the earth has been enriched and
harrowed thoroughly ; the best seed have
been sown with the nicest care ; the result
is beautiful to the eye, a delight io tall who
look upon it ; the grain is of the jiweetest
quality, though pssibly not so greajt in ex
cess of quantity above that grown careless
ly, but the chances are that thclcareful
planter will also be the careful gleaner, and
that the latter crop will be garnered well,
and disposed of to the best possible ad
vantage. i J 1
The difference .in the management of the
two fields illustrates the difference between
education simply and thorough culture.
The latter perfects, as far as possible, by
eraclTcatina everything" that the highest
standard would condemn, arid adding any
thing that would embellish or please. It
has to do with mind' and heart, and their
outward exuression in manners. It has
also to do with the spiritual nature and
graces, charity, kindness, benevolence, gen
erosity, truth, honor, purity, love ; all thcBe
enter iuto and form a' part of its chafm its
powers . j
The attainment of thorough culture is
almost impossible to one who has not de
scended from educated, cultivated ances
trv. It is a herculean labor "for otie who
has been reared roughly, coarsely, by uncd
.ueated persons to acquire "a smooth, clear
articulation, a perfect pronunciation, the
polished, graceful manner, and the jsteady
tact that belong by nature and birthright
to. the child of culture. An uncultured
person cannot speak jpne sentence, Cannot
even cross the room without betray jng, to
the ex pert,-about the grade of society in
which he was bormIt is really wonderful
how tenaciously these little peculiarities of
"speech and manner, that betray the nation
ality and the rank of life, wili-cling p one.
About the best that cau be done is toj polish
away the great roughness by continual
grinding oirthc wheel of persistent stjrivirg.
by -drilling the tones of voice uponj vowel
and consonant soundspract icing over, and
over again correct pronunciation, accji dril
ling the body in calisthenics. These two
classes of exercises followetLday after day,
year after year, with continued merdal ef
fort in readingand studying the best books,
that is, the kindly, gentle pure,j6wect
book,, instead of wild, fierce, harslk pas
sionate books, together with frequenting
the best society attainable, and "being in
love and charjly with all-men," will gradu
ally bring man or woman into the oul;ward
ranks of culture. Promotion will depend
upon the amonnt of natural susceptibility
and the forv-c of continued effort. EX.
It Is a fiMilish mistake to confound a
rimedv ofiiierit with theqnack medicines
now so coalmen;; e have ;used Ulr
"kci V Ginger Tonic., with the happiest re
resnltft for Khenmatisni and Dyspepsia,
and when worn out by. ovefwork, and
know it to be a sterling health nwtora
tive. -Tone. . See atL w to July 9th.
v Jacob Thompson, of Slississippi, a mem-
ber of Buchaaan'r cabinet, who is now ia
"Washington on private business, says he '
baa yet to meet the first southern roan who
has spoken unkindly of Garfield as Presi - - -
dent. lb. j
Ex-Senator Thurman declares that h is
out of public life to stay out: He will nt.
accent a Democratic nomination for the
Governorship of Ohio. lb.
Mr. Pitney, one of the custodians f the
contingent fund voted, by Congress annual
ly for the Treasury Department,! refuses to
make a statement on oath as to the dispo
sition of that fund. It is evident that Pit
ney knows more than he is illijig to swear
nMi,M..;n.k. Tnli. th.v i. ;
died, a dangerous place tor theui to harbor,
Is There Any Danger?
The following.is . what a few far
seeing, patriotic men have thought
and said :
.Au extract from a recent letler
written by iiou; David Davjs, once a
Judge of the Supreme Court, now a
Senator of the United State.-, indicates
to. and doubtless what he knows is not V"-fc "'r'"'.?'' " 1C"
much 3 his: crediSectari tHndomy earf a.,Hl "5 n iracle or a :
will be ffreatlv blamed if he docs net ferret revolution as violent as -nat ot France
o ------- l
the serious nature of the problem be- A hundred columns! might be fillet
fore us. He-ays: j with similar expressions from news
. "Great corporations and consolidat- papers' published in all parts of the
ed monopolies are last seizing the av- country ami now on file in the office
euues of power that lead to the con- of the National Anti-Monopoly Lca
tr'td of the government. It isian open gue. Comment is needless. The pub
secret that they rule States through lie welfare is in dantrer. and the in-
procured Lvgislatures and jcorroj)t
Courts; tliat they are strong in Con
gress, and that they are unscrupulous
in the use of means to conquer preju
dice and acquire influence, ihtscou-
dition of tilings is truly ahrtniug, for
unless it be changed quickly and
thoroughly, free institutions are doom- I
ed to be subverted by an oligharchy
resting upon a basis of money aud ot
corporate power. i
Iheresent Secretary of theTrcas-
y, Mr. W indom, in a recent letter
the President of the Auti-Mouopo- j
ly League, savs :
"The channels of thought and the
channels of commerce thud owned and
controlled by one man, or bv-a few
men, what is to retain corporate pow
er, or to fix a limit to its exactions
upon the people? What ia then to
hinder these men from depressing or
'"""""S "l a, Mi.usoi
nrniiprt v to snit t
r., .r,.v... v,.
nee, ami mereov gautering into their
own coffers the wealth of the nation?
W here n th limit to such a power as
this? What shall be said of the spirit
oi a nee peopte wno win suomtl wun-
out a protest to be thus bound hand
Hon. Jeremiah S. Blaclf, ex-Judge
of the Supreme Court and ex-Attorney
General of the United States, re
cently stated :
All public men must take their
side on this question. There can be s
no neutrals, lie that'ie not for us is
We must have legal pro
tection aratnst these abuses. This
agftation once begun, and the magni-
lude of the grievance being under-
stood, it will force our rulers to
give us-a remedy against it.i The
monopolies will resist with all their
arts aud influence, but fifty millions
ol people, in process of time, will
learn the important fact that they are
htty millions strong.
Gov. Gray, of Indiana, in a mes
sage to the Legislature of that State
iu January last, said . I
"in my judgment the republic csn- ;
not live loorr in the atmosithere which
now surrounds the ballot-box. Moni
eved rorncirnf ions, to swiii-p fi vi;ililr I
i.:.t: c. . !...., l. 1 ;i-
! . .... : i . i r i
an active part in electioiiH by - furuish -
. 1 s
intT ifirifp Kiims t ninnov ti nm-i'init
the! voter and purchase special
eges! from the government. If tuimiey
ran .Control the dpei.ion :,t tho' IMm.
bnr lt will it h b.ncr nniH f.n ,!
control its existence" 1 !
This is in entire accordance with
the jviews of- Daniel Webster, who
" rhe freest government cannot long
endure, w here the tendency otjthe law
is to create a rapid accumulation of
property in the hands of ji fpw, and
to render the' masses of the
poop and dependent." j
" The press, vith theesceptior
portion which is owned or sulisidizcd,
ire with the people in this figljt. The
New York I'imcs (Rep.), iind:r date
of May 19, in an article rcgart ing the
encroaclimeuts of corporate power,
"It is not only absorbing 10 itself
the fruits of labor and gains of trade
and piling up wealth in the hjands of
the few,- but it is controlling legisla
tion and endeavoring to sway ithe de
cisions of courts in its. own interest.
We are now at a stage in the contest
where the people may vindicate their
authority and place these corporations
under tlie regulation of tlie laW."
The Brooklyn JDaij EngU Dem.),
in a rccent'editorial said rhS j :
There is a rctty general Sfcel ing
that j the Contincut of Ahicria' was
rnot discovered by Columbus, and civ
il liberty, established by the Fathers
of the Republic, to the end that fifty
millions of people might be tributary
to a band of railroad magnates, or t
that farmers artisans j and merchants
might by hard work and heeu compe-
tition raise up ti dozen Vanderbtlts,
with each geveraH hundred millions
of dollars. Those who entertain thi3
feeling have become ptirsuaded that the
- a i. ?- 1
wui ovcruirow mo-oppression.
II .t -1-1'
all misleading delusions, there is none
more mischievoy than he notion
that popular suffrage and popular
power are svtionomous. Given the
means of bribing multitude, of in-j
timidrtting others, of wrecking oppo- ;
nents, cotipleil with actual possession j
fluence of every patriotic citizen is
invoked to avert it.
L. E. Chittendkx,
Pre-ddent National Anti-Monopoly
League. Headquarter.. 7 Warren St.,
New York City,
a correspondent of the Wadcsbcro
Tipicn (who probably thinks that the
mouev snent on Memorial" -occasions
sl,ond be devoted to the poor orhans
of dead soldiers), writes as follows :
Tne ol)jt.t ul- t.-s communication
' is to suggest the propriety-oflabolish-
ing Memorial Day. both North and
South ; it only serves to continue the
asperity. It can do the dead no good.
They sleep their last Weryj p
No san'ml can awake theift to gty" Jgniu."
It is a continual 'waval "if the
b,ou(ly shi.t and n,, be, the cause
0r am)l!,cr civil v&ri more -blood
limn ine ,ast i nese
Sllg.,eslcd by reading the spe-ch of
thJ Hci)t H R Seo(t on hp onc s(le
ana Col. J. Wharton Green on the
other, in both of which there arc elo-
a;scnce .UHi cassic carh,cr and noe-
try and flowers, covering much error
in historical facts connected with the
war. I say, with Gen. Grant, "Let
us have peace.." Cato.
P. S. If desired, your correspond
ent can point out the errors of both
Disemboweled. Norfolk, Va., June 10.
J Charles Foylc, a young man employed in
the engine room of thc Seaboard Cotton
Compress, fttenipted to-day to cross the
path of a piston rod of one of the loiltrf,
and was caught by the piston rod and dis
emboweled. He died instantly
Scxstkokes. New Orleans, June 17.
The weather for thc past three days has
been excessively hot. Thirteen cases of
sunstroke have been reported buicc Tues
day morning, seven of which terminated
fatally. At-Vicksburz to-day the maxi-
"ntn temperature reported Was 101
,m 1 D 1
! A Substitute for Jce. ---It is probable
that many good housewives do not know,
j , , , , r . . , ,"
that, hiittpr mnv hn lrTit tirhi nnrl nipe-look-
' r " -
' ing by nicrc,y inverting oyrt it. a
pot covered with damp-cIotT; Ji tl
pui covc,cu 'W.UH v
I a water pitcher cnyeloeil mVet cloths
will keep its contents cqol and grateful to
j thc parched throat in hot weather,
j ,a,-c scaJc the samc PM niy lie used tn
the fields. The contents of a barrel cuvid-
oped in cloths which are kept constantly
wet. will be so pleasant a3 to almost induce
the laborer in the field to drink more than
is good for htm.
A Liok.Tbies to"Stkal a Child. Mm.
Long, who lives between the Mission and
San Rooke Canyons, while milking her
cows onc evening about ten! days ago, was
startled by a scream from her four-year-old
daughter. On hastening to the spot she
was almost paralyzed to seQ a large Cali
fornia lion, with the child in its mouth,
making toward an adjoining thicket. She
followed, helplessly screaming, - w hen the
brute, taking fright at her cries, dropped
the child and fled, to the mountains. Al
though severely bitten and bruised the lit
tle one was not seriously '' injured.- The
animal hung around the premises for seve
ral days afterwards. Thursday last Mr.
Raycs, while looking at some tlmbcrt was
driven out ofthe canyon by the same lion.
She has two culm, and L K. Wisher has of
fered' a reward of $25 apiece; for tjrem. We
understood a party is being made up in
town to go out and capture them. -Santa
Barbara (Cal.) Yt-w. --: ; I ' T -
V f rtl 1 1 11 CI n OTMI T.AM III n ria.r...... .a. . 1 1. . " . I I I . ' : . . I . -
uuiv- i.cu , wi ::i-.v : muuBtnuus .lureo iwi pieces, and uy immersiou in i aue ito obtain; 'but., it seems that a nearly fifty per cent of
masses of this ountry ; to protect acid cleaned of the hard -outside flinty j short time before Miss Thompsou was 1 out of cultivation in'all
' Tr . ,t . . " 1..V.. uio uit-u tiiuppu iu sinps- vvu, iuiuc, wuu is a rev ic less , ue rcmcu ior taxes and
7. , i , ! " vuitvspouuing io me lengtn m i i, iuuuu iiiuuines auoiu om , urug', ana inc rent rolls
V i ' iv- luudii ur reqmmi. . "ujpou a uioiiey nna wttere ne ; uiminisuing. iu olden'""
cer. in litis coniesii every aeiav is SuimosinT th I KCDt it COneealed. On Hia nir-ht rtof .; V.
to the disadvantage lot the nponlc. I nnii... i.nr.,Uf tnni- ru ..r "i ! tht mnnle-
U s-'vciiiMicni, ami auerrc seiui- ,,e,i between two dies by the action of, ,llVmvr luat man" 01 u,e n,r-ants, ueiongs to a past age.
inent titiisi te paraiyzeti. it lite sni- j the j;Uire9 and these diescomin" tcth- ieannS luat stores would be I manacled Uv feudal
nugtr i u tic ai s;mvuumi, u iiium ue er form tj,e bodv of tj10 tadc umler thc i auuueii, nuu inuni guarucu (luring me prcsseci anti big rents, is
applied sharply while there are still j ,iwld. Enough of the iron projects be-! V?1'"? niSht n Frkhy' 1aie and face American competition
ndtU on the siUe of tiubouirhtand un-t .-r..A..pi.. .i:... ... r. i.i . I ode took the train for Asheville. I and abandons tho form fn
How Tacks arc Made.
pescribed in a few wonls, the process
of making tacks is as follows : The iron
as received from the rolling mills ia ia
sheets from three to twelve inches wide
to twelve inches wide
and from thice to nine feet in length; the
the, -thickness varyiug accordinglo tlie
kind of work into which it is to be matte
from oue eight to one thirty-second of an
inch. These sheets are sill cut intn almht
nn !! Knriuif t-n n lw. .. r . '1 i
""-- iatR( (lid on
chopped and ready for
would be about eleven-sixtoenths.
inch wide aud three feet -bVnV Tii ;
bieCe is olaced firmlv in iKu i
. .. .1 . .
pumiuK, uuu oy tnis arrangement be-
tweeu the kuives of the machine.
At ejit:h revolution of the balance wheel
the kuives cut off a small piece from the
end;of this plate. The piece cut - off U !
noiated at one end. nnd Rnn,.,A fr fv. t
ing tlle i,e.,d at the otJer lt u t,
and while held firmlv by them, a lever! V"',1"1 l cre loiioweii on oatur-: angry moo in the boroughs. The la- -strikes
this projecting piece into a round i I1" h?. Mr. J. S. Tomlinson, borer w no longer satisfied (o live'
head. This, as we have said before. ig ! '"ory with a warrant ior their .; from hand to mouth and enjoy the
all done during one revolution of the bal- j arreV AV i" arrf thcJ b?!imC 1 f l&no- want, land of
ance wheel, and the knives, as soon as 1 .y eXC,acd an J a,a"J. a,,J j ow: antl threatens, to take it if it
the tack drops from the machine, are ! "J1? T"T M ; i " MOf Svcn-lo him. He belongs to
ready to cut off another puce. These
machines are run at the rate of 250 revo
lutions per minuti'. The shoe nail ma-
uhinies for cutting headless hhoe-nnils are
run at about 500 revolutions per miuuto
and cut from three to five nails at each
revolution. When we think of the num
ber of machines being now ran in the
United States, viz., about 1.700, and of
the quantity tacks and nails they can
produce, it is as much of a mystery where ;
4. hey go as it is what becomes of the pins
i lie tack maker oi lit t.y or 3ixty years ;
aro worked as follows: He took
v a sniaii i
rod of iron, and after heating it in a char-j
coal fire, hammered it down so as to-
make a point, then a small piece -Vig cut j
off, placed in a vice worked by foot pow
er, aud the head formed by a few blows
of the hammer. Scottish American Jour
a i i ei
A Wonderful Lake.
The greatest w onder in the State of j
Iowa, and. perhaps, in any other State, is j
wnanscai.ee, uie uuoi i.uku, ,. "y,,
1 . 111 a I. TT- 11 1 T . 1. ! it-..: . I
county, twelve miles north of the Dubuque
and Pacific Railway, and one hundred and
fifty miles west of Dubuxue City.
The lake is two or three feet higher than
the earth's surface. In some places tue
wall is ten feet high, fifteen feet wide at the
bottom and tive feet wide on the top. An
other fact is thc size of thc stone used in
the construction, thc whole of them varying
in weight from three tons down to one hun
dred pounds. There is an abundance of
stones in Wright county, but surrounding
the lake to. the extent of five or ten miles
thorp are none. ISo one can lorm an idea i
of live means employed to bring them tothe
$pot or who constructed it.
Around the entire- lake is a belt of wood
land half a mile in length, composed of oak,
With this exception the country is a roll
ing prairie. The trees must have been
planted there at thc time of the building of
In the spring of the year 1850, there wa?
a great storm, and the ice on the lake broke
thc wan in several places, ana me .tanner.
in the vicinity were obliged to repair the
damages to prevent iuundatim. The lake
occupies a ground suriace ol ,Svio acrc3i
depth of water as great a3 twenty-five feet
The water is clear and cold, soil sandy
and loam'; It is singular that no one has
been able to ascertain where the water
comes from nor where it goes, yet it is al
ways clear and fresh.
Rejoiceth not ix Isiquitv. Among
onr most cherished memories is that of
a Chtistian lady who would uot listen to
an evil report; who would say at once to
the gossip that brought it : "You may lie
mistaken; then; may be some explana
tion of the matter; we had better not
talk about such things even if we know
that they are true. Hasn't that person
any noble or amiable traits of character ?
Hasn't he Rome good that we cau talk
about ! It is a great deal better for ns to
con verse about pure things than about vile
things. If there is really any carrion in
our cominnunity tainting the air we had
liettcr bury it as soon as possible. The
sight and sni. U of it will do no good. It
may do us and our children a eat deal
of hat m. 1 don't wan anybody to talk
about the faults of others before my lit
tle ones. I don't want them to be com
forted in their naughtiness by hearing
how naughy other people are. And now
suppose, instead of talkiug about these
folks and getting oar hearts set against
theni we go iuto our closets and pray for
tlicrii." The spirit of that lady would
bnnish gossip, with all it blighting iu
flnencc, from society. Presbyterian.
Rutherford College conferred thc de
gree of D. D. upon Ucv. Walter. W.
Arrest of the Supposed Murderers
- .. of Miss Thompson. -
n o...i -i . . '
., uuay uiwruiug,aooui one
mile from Asheville, two men named
respectively Paine aud Poole were
arrested upon advices from Taylors-
: vi. le that they were the peqictrators
- , i r- - v.fc
,""v j-uumy, , xiie cxuci nature oi
aw S 1US.1JLC V CT Mil I'll- I M't'Tl 1111. 5
t IlO IT1 II I'd OP urn a Hnna t- Jt r
. . ' .- . 1
a iarge bag: of silver under his pillow
before retirinsr. and uoon seeimr that :
- , j 4 o .
1 1 n ivic I... ..i.i I. iL.i I. '
. uc ium oer inai ue .
had robbed a horse drover aud the
money was his booty. Thursday even-
ing, wtiti certain disreputable associ- i
ate ' mow whom was Poole, he
pcared in Hickory, and the partv
conducteil themselves in so suspicious ,
T Ii i I I. . 1 1 I 1 tl i
7 u; "W"1U1
deneeot their rui t. Thev nro now 1
. I . - . - . - 7 .... . w v M. U ...
the machine; l"a spent the night at the bouse ty witli the object of fonndinffa iant-
i.f n n 1 o au old, woman; who iw him nlaceilv drnastr. Thn- 'Pf rTmiu i.
; iii Taylorsville Jail awaiting further on the franchise, not as favor,
1 developments." Anothpi ainv-t h.mlJjut iis. n riorlit of rt-h;L
been made, but we have not learned
i - - - - i
the name of the party.- Char. Dan.
Prerequisites of Success.
Integrity of character and truth arc the
prerequisites of success in any calling, and
especially so in that of the merchant.
These are the attributes which hover fail i
to command respect and win admiration,
io one lulls to appreciate them; ana it j
i they "do not pay," in
they "do not pay," in tlie valvar sense of!
the phrase, they brinr an amount of satis
fiction and peace to the owner that a!l the
weaitu ot urcesus could not yield, i here
is not betrer stock in trade than those
principles; no capital goes so far or pays
o well; or is so exempt from bankruptcy or
loss. When known, they jiive credit ami
confidehce,and in the hardest times will
! honor your paper in bank, i hey will give
you ari unlimited capital to do business
upon, and everybody will indorse year
dth , f . . , m...kind
j wi)l bfi your ,rnarantee that vou do not fail
- L(.t every you man u- co.nmcncins
business, look well to these indispensable
clcments f guCeess, and defend them as he
would the apple of his eye. It inattentive
and reckless here, he will imperil every
thing. Uaukruptcy in character is seldom
repaired in an ordinary lifetime. A man
inay'sufiVr in reputation and recover; not
so the man who suffers in character, lie
just and truthful. Let these be the ruling
j and predominating principles of your life,
and reward will be certain, either in the
happiness they bring to your own boom.
or the success whicli will attend upon all
your business operations in life, r both."
A Journalistic Secret Kxposed.
Newspaper readers ctfen express
amazement at the quicKuess aud full
" I ness with which the biographus ot
,at UR,n are protJccl alter their
. 1,.; The New York correspond
c,u Gr tie Buffalo Courier tells how it
j ;g (jmie . jt WJS aUout 1 o'clock a. m.,
when the dispatch, telling of Disra
eli's death, reached The newspaper of
fices. Some of them were out a few
hours later with four or five column
obituaries. Of course it was imposi
ble to write them and set them up at"
tcr thci receipt of the news.. But there
was no need ot that. A hev were a 1
j ,eady written and set up, aud had
been-"jitanaing several days, ready
lor use at a moments none?. J ue
obituary piireon-hole is one of the
handiest. things in a printing office.
It contains ti e very articles that may
be wanted when there is no time to
write them. Notable persons may
die suddenly, even when the ncwspi
per forpis are ready to be locked up,
and if the obituaries were not nady
belorehand the papers would have to
go without them. It was what might
be called a close shave in the ex-pri-micr's
eae, on account of the news
comingj in so late. A great deal of
matter jihat was ready for thc forms
had to be lifted out, for the sketches
must g'i in, no matter what was-sacrificed,
j It has often been said that
men would be astonished if they could
read their obituaries. The sensation
tn'ght lie enjoyed by scores of promi
nent persons who possibly are hot
even thinking ofdeathyif they could
get access to the obituary pigeon
holes of the leading newspapers.
Vandeifbilt has"a stake ia the country."
The Unitied States owe3-him ?G0,000.Q0O.
There is food for thought there and peo
pie are begiuning to think hard. Raleigh
St?r$ andi Oleerrcr. '
The Homes of Merry England.
L v . 7 v v jour rcau-
ers wno only know Jinglish life from
the poems of Irs. Ifetnacs about the
"Cottage Horn." ihAi.... Tr
the "Stately Homes," and so on
would be taken aback if they were to
isu luiui Ajiijiiaiiu jusi HOW. ilun
ureas ot onco magnificent estates
T1I1W IPHO TT lJ?0
the land ia
property is a
"uw iiju luauo monev ill
ivi.r-I - t
J - " AUUlLJi
nabobs. asMhev- vcrrn "wllwl ennnf
fabulous sums in ih M r
vcvuviUIU UaT3 Ul
i ... x. l - . -
me ruiien oorougns in ;acqnirinff es-
tatcs which brought with them seata
in Parliament, and in later times the
cotton lord3 and other captains of in-
ap-jdustry sunk their fortunes in the
; manor, assared of a"nernctiwil Uonm
and a contented tenantry. Air this
customs and op-
t i .1 t 1 T
iu ' UCUV? ?roPa'
P-nndists of rjnlifalim nnd incula
rs - -v. nuivii tvtAu
squire and parson have defrauded
him through these years. The clergy
no not lare much
better than thc
squires. Amies are paid grudgingly.
The lords, the natural guardians of
the Church, are powerless to stay the
tide that is washing out the foun
dations of the establishment, nor can
.,...: nv. i k ...
thev hone tn b.iv in Fnr!,! ih
rights of nronortv whieh in Trnlin'd
l' have' already -gone by the board. So
lieitors tell me that for evrv mm
who wants to -purchase an estate there
are a hundred ready to snap at half
a bid. .
The Knack ol" lojng Things.
"Some people have t"hc knack of
loing these things." said a lady the
other day : "while I well, it is with
louse keeping as it u.-ed to be .with
arithmetic 1 have no rift. Yon
iv now there are people who cannot do
anything with figures."
Oi course there ' a difference in
people, after due allowance has been 1
made for education, but many would
be surprised if thoy were told that
the reason why thev cannot do cer
tain things is because they have not
really tried. Herein lies thc secret of
the poor performance of ordinary du-
tics that we frequently see; the wo
man is content to leave the more se
rious matters of life as the girl left
her arithmetic, with thc poor conso
lation that she is not elected to. do
anything with figures, and she is like
ly to regard those able to accomplish
creditably the tasks ,set before them
as having a certain mysterious knack,
a- "slight-of-hand" "way of getting
along with them. It is wonderful to
fiee how much ingenuity is displayed
I ' . . . I I . . 1
oy some women wno, wifn very nine
money, arc always dreWed in perfect
taste, and with no apparent effort-to
keep old furniture from looking shab
by, old carpets and curtains fresh and
bright, but these things arc accom
plished by much thought-and a great
deal of hard work. Nothing helps a
person to do things like doing them.
One seeing only the result is not very,
much to blarne for thinking them
brought about in some magical way.
It has. sometimes seemed as' if-more
hard brain work was done during
houe-c!eaning and , spring-sewing
than v.vuld suffice to produce a toler
a by good history of the State of New
York. It would be easier to wrile a
poem. than -to turn an old carpet so,
that every sjmt-and worn place will
come where1 it will not get the daily
wear and tear, or where it can be cov
ered with a suitable picce-of furnitur, -or
to make a new coat for the boy out
of tlie" old 'soiled one of his father's.
These eSorts of genius will probably
never be appreciated, or estimated-at
their full value; but there is a great
discipline to be had from them, which
in the great economy of nature must
surely count for what it. is worth.
iv. i . evening rosi.
There is a tract of country . in
Butte county, California, about fifteen 1
miles long by half a niile in width,
where lightning strikes trees nearly
every time a cloud passes over. Out . t
of this strip there is no such damage.
The line can plainly te "traced by
dead timber. As many asjhree fires ....
havcleen caused bv lightning in this -.-.1
in one singic
"Why is it,-' aked a lady, "that
people lose their interest;' in. church
going nowadays ?" "Because they
have lost their principle" i wasthe '
witty reply. - .. -