211. THI2B SEEIES
SALISBURY, H. I C, JULY 21 J 1881,
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L. II. CLEMENT, j
I.! j j -
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SALISBURY. X. C.
i33 G. 0V3?.HAX
iTTORNEY AT JL1 W,
SALISBURY, IV. C.,
Practices in the State and Pedrl
Blato and Mtm,
. " SALISBURY, N. C
noAy22 1879 tt.
E01TS, PWladolDhla, Pl
MR. davis and a staff correspondent ot
His first exclamation, as he greeted me,
in a tone of voice low and pleasant
'lam i?lad to see you, sir." Almost j In-fore
I had tine to respond he anxiously
inquired : -What is the latest news as to
tire President's ondition-f'
I gave him the latest dispatches bnd he
resuuud his seat, inviting me ti take a too rent a respect tor air. uavi ju.itfmeni jir. vamoun gave my nrsi v rani 10 vesi 01 any Uonfederate, and I have only re
treat broad pplii Lottoni arm-chair, which t.-ive ever materially differed with him ; Point, and by a singular coincidence when fened to unpleasant matters when it was
sat on the flcM.it .near" him. that he and I were often in consultation in I went to the Senate my stot- was by his necessary. Then it has been au incident
This assault on- General Garfield is a
horrible crime. There can. lie but one sen- ways soujiht him whenever opportunity therly supervision over me; -While in the ( idea that Johnstou intended to fight at
timent anions the people of tliis country on offered, and that there were no differences House I had been upon a committee char- j Atlanta. A simple answer, yes or no, to
the enormity of :.the-offence. What it Inay between u requiring his individual action, ed with investiftatins the SJtte Department - my telegram, Will you fight for Atlanta'
forUde to "the country is hard t deter- All the military acts of which I had any under Mr. Webster's adunpistration. .He ( would have settled the questiou and pre
mine.. Whenv man will' kill the President' cognizance and controj darting the war were Jiad been charged .with misappropriating i vented controversy and trouble. He chose
because he refuses him. office, what may not
be expected ? Assassination is usually the
outgrowth of seasons of galling oppression.
Even then it is the resort of a force jor sen
timent too cowardly for revolution and too
contemptible for civilization to tolerate.
But this crime is without even the excuse
of excitement.. A vulgar man murders the
President'in bis wild delirium about office.
Such a crime makes the whole natiftn kin,
halters all prejudices, and hushes partisan
thoughts. It is evident that the crime is
the outgrowth of the greedy scramble for
office which ' has of late years been so
marked. It is to be hoped that tbe reac
tion which this great crime will produce
may correct this alarming evil.
It has for
ong time been growing into our system
..I-.. J .
ot government until it appears to have
. j . ... , f .. ' -p.
nnallv resulted in the murder of the Exec-
,. -mi e .i i i i ' e r
utive. The South had much hope of Gar-
,. ...... . -it i
belli s administration, and will sincerely
. . . .. i
mourn his loss as it joins in the national
, - .. i.r T
sorrow over the assault upon his life. I
earnestly nope ne may speeuiiy recoyer.
"Appointments and removals for apoliti
cal considerations is a bad use of executive
power. .When the Confederacy was organ
ized at Montgomery, it was - provided that
no man should be removed - from 6ffice by
the executive except forcause, which the
law required should be specially stated
Thc political power concentrated in Hhe
, , -.i t -ti i- i t r
hands of the President- bv his control of
, , . i
pun uuae tins iM:eu grow ing greater, every
day, and its administration has for a long
time been vicious.' . f
"Didn't it begin in Jackson's time, when
he fathered the doctrine that 'to the victor
"It Is a common error that Jackson wa
the author of that declaration. That is not
true, nor is it true that removals and ap-;
pointments for politicaL considerations be-
gan during his administration. Mr. Marcy,
whiie making a specc-h in the Senate; made j
use of the expression, 'To the victor belong
tlM-snoihv while statins what miht follow i
as the line of policy under certain -contingencies.
Another Senator, after the speech,
called his attention to the
"That statement will be considered and
tceated as an open avowal of part policy,
and van had better have it stricken ut."
"No; that is not what I intended, but it
is there and I will not change it," replied
Mr. Marry. . j
The firrC removals for political corsider
at ions began jduring John Qufncy Adams'
administration in the State Department,
when Mr. Clay was at the .head of it, and
removed the printers who did the public ;
printing. The State Department then iu-!
directly controlled the Post Office Depart-:
mcnt, the Postmaster-General not then being
a cabinet officer." ' j
Speaking of his book, the criticisms upon '
it and the limited amount of war literature ;
at the South, he said Gen. Early was one of i
Lhe best of Southern writers, and "added
"Like myself. Gen. Early cannot forget the
past, and argues from 'a standpoint which
most people reject. There is a queer his
tory connected with him and his connec
tion with the Confederacy. He was a
Union man, and as a member of the Legis
lature voted against the ordinance of
secesfeion, but when it was passed he went
tiome and raised a company, and he has
never yet turned his back upon the cause
inaugurated in spite of his greatest efforts.
It is a prominent fact that those who were
the last in, or the most reluctant to go into
the Confederacy, were the mst consistent
ly earnest in their support of it and the last
out of it. The original secessionists, those
who were in a rush to get out of the Union,
soon exhausted their ardort and as a gener
al thing did not last long. Almost every
man who became prominent in the Confed
eracy went into secession with great re
luctance, following his State as a matter of
duty, regretting that the differences couldi
not have been peaceably adjusted."
THE RELATIONS OF LEE AKD DAVIS.
"The historical portion of your work
mostly assailed is that referring to General
Lee's being in cordial co-operation with
you as to the conduct of the war during its
latter days." " j '
"Yes, I perceive that that is the princi
pal point of assault. Doubtless, the con
troversy between the critics will eventually
establish its truth. I see that one person
says t'aat I wanted to evacuate Richmond
aud that Lee did. not, and another that Lee
waited to surrender and 1 did .not. No
two I have seen can exactly agree as to the
alleged points of difference between. Gen
eral Lee and myself. Fortunately, there is
a better witness than all of these critics
that is. Gen. Lee himself. When the grand j
jury met in Richmond to frame an indict-'
ment affahisi me-for treason, it was, neccs-
sary to allege some orcit act, anl for this
8ervice Generel Lee was summoned, ne
... '.....u minBli i.fi,. i!ip rriind
nua imiiuiiij v"v. - - r-
iurv. and, after hi testimony, called upon
nie and related the whole wine before the
J - r
liirv. He mw mat tiiei rcareiunv examine
iim as to. his military operations, and
pecially inquired as to any differences be-
ween himself and myself as to the conduct
meeu iiiniscti anu uijscu m iucwuuuv.
of the war. 1 '-,
" -I replied.' said Gen. Lee. 'that I had
ltunmonti anu upon me neiu ; ma
niy ow". . t- i ' - "
After this speech, said General Lee to
me, 'Hooked over the grand jury to see
whareffect it had had upon the members,
and one large colored man who was on the
jury had his head thrown back, his mouth
open, and was asleep. I concluded,' said :
Gencral Leo uingly, 'that I was not .
enough of an orator to interest an audience.'
It is useless to explain all these things,
or to deny or correct the idle gossip Jhat a '
discussion of this question naturally pro
vokes. There is a vast deal of difference
between terms of peace and a surrender,
which most all the critics I have read fail
to comprehend. From the time lhe agita-
ton l?'"1 wnc'' provoked the war until
0 nlAru f Kara vt t O rr rSmn n-Viiri T n a a r r
ready to make terms of peace, but to sur-
render the cause was never contemplated
by either General Lee or myself until alter
J , , ; . . -.
General Gordon, reported to Lee that he
. , ... . , ,
could not cut his way through, and Lee
, , . . ... , . ,
found it impossible to get his army out, and
THE FUTURE OF THIS COUKTRY.
At this point the conversation was inter
rupted by the arrival of the mail. Mr.
Davis, stepped down to meet the messenger
before he had reached the upper steppf the
porch. He took the New Orleans paper,
seated himself, and quickly began readipg
...M,nl, nr.,,.. .. V . lkn .ita
. ' ' . . .
patches concerning President Garfield s
' . ... .
condition; As he read the unfavorable
despatches he tfropped the paper upon his
lap and for a moment sat in deep thought.
He finally looked up and said :
i "I fear he will die.
What a calamity !
Life is full of dan-
, What a fearful crime 1
f?er ttn( hitter disappointments, and we all
get our share. This is a terrible blow at
our institutions. In a time of perfect peace
I)Ienty t,,at the President should be
ri,ot ' down hS a vile wretch portends, I
fear morc of cviI t,ian we can now compre-
ncnd. It is a great pity
I do hope that
nc ma-v Jet ra,y-
Then the cx-Prcsident of the Confederacy
went on discussing tne various phases of
tue cime showing deep concern for the life
of President Garfield. While he wa3 talk-
ing Mrs.-Davis, a large, fine-looking, moth-
erly-apfcarin-; lady, came and took a seat
in the proup, ami mingled her expressions
of regret, regard and condolence with her
husband's. A reference to the crime recalled
the war and the effect it had upon the
country, our povernim-nt and institutions.
"We are bv no means out of danger vet,"
said Mr. Davis. "The solution of the great
Pr,lIem of popular government is still in
the wni1' ot The foresight of man
t-Mnnot determine the result, as the serious
an(l startling events which have rjdflen
down each other in quick succession during
the last twenty. years clearly demonstrate."
"Have they in any wise changed the
character of the government ?"
"Certainly. It was said by our enemies
when the war began that it was waged for
;ihe preservation of the Union. If that had
been true, when the wtfr was over the
States were in the Union. Their relations
to it had in no way changed. But instead,
conditions M erc imposed for admission into
the Union, and then it was apparent that
the war had been waged for the subjuga
tion of one section of the country and that
a new government had been created by the
war. Thaddeus Stevens was most consis
tent and frank in his position as to the se
ceding States. He said,' during the fram
ing of the reconstruction measures, We are
proceeding outside of the constitution,' tak
ing the ground that the State3 were subju
gated tcritory and had no rights except
such as conquerors prescribed. That was
the truthful exposition of the policy pur
sued by Congress in dealing with lhe South
"When I was in prison waiting trial
Thaddeus Stevens twice sent a message to
me volunteering to defend me. I declined
not from any lack of confidence ia his abili
ty, because he was a man of great natural
endowment, but I was aware of his line of
argument. It would have been that the
seceding States were to all intents and pur
poses a foreign power which had been over
thrown. Therefore their property was sub
ject to confiscation and the people to such
penalties and conditions as the conquerors
might impose. That would have been ex
cellent argument for me, but not for my
people. As it was still being contended
that the Union had never been broken up.
and that the war had been conducted for
its restoration, it was due that the South
should have the benefit of such a position
rxrarri i nf rnncniiKnrH tn m,m,.U
suppose Mr. Stevens thought that I had !a
very limited appreciation of the danger I1
clat, webster A3fD calhocx
Dr. Davis then gave a most interesting
description of the theory of our government
at he understood it, interspersing it with
numerous anecdotes about j Clay, Calhoun,
Wedster. Buchanan and others, in which he
gave the marked characteristics of each and
hU estimate of their abilities aud the doc-
uum wuiuimu iuniutiuv
"I had peculiary intimate relations with
Clay. Calhoun and Webster" he said. "I
went to school in Mr, Clay's town and his
""" "vi - - "
favorite wn was ltiUed wienie in Mexico
and he always associated nil with that boy.
nutvuuue mviaj Beeme a
me OI secret service lunas, bus tne
investigation shewed that he had simply
used it to prevent the introduction of the
Ash burton treaty into the politics of the
state of Maine. I drew and championed
the report which exhonorated him. Mr.
Webster never forgot that act. He was the
most gratelui nian for any act of kindness
or interest in him that I ever knew; He
was a great orator,-but not in the sense in
which Mr. Clay was. Mr. Clay possessed
the graces of oratory to a greater extent
than any man that ever lived in this coun
try. His gestures, his manners, and his
speech were perfect. Mr. Calhoun had unne
of the graces of oratory, but he did have a
perfect contempt for them, and his pronun
ciation was wretched. But no orator at
the present day could influence the people
or have the position that these men had in
those days. The newspapers have taken
the place of the speaker, and a greater en
gine than the newspapers has superceded
the orator ; that is, the telegraph. People
want news and information, and want it in
paragraphs. They will hardly stand much
morc than a paragraph of editorial, and re
bel at anything like an essay. You have
in Philadelphia one of the most pungent
and incisive paragraph writers I know, Col.
Forney, w ho used to own The Prest.
JUST AS THE WAR BEGAN'.
Speaking of the beginning of the war
and the incidents which precceded it Mr.
"Mr. Buchanan was an able man, but a
very timid one. If he had had the nerve
to ileal with the situation as its gravity de
manded, I doubt exceedingly whether any
other State South would have followed
South Carolina into scccWon. Had he
withdrawn the troops from Sumter, it
would have been such a conspicious act of
conciliation that the other States would
not. I believe, have called conventions to
consider the question of secession, or if they
had, the ordinances would not have been
passed. I was not one of those who believ
ed that there could ever be a peaceful sepa
ration of the States, but could nt convince
our people of it. I had years before become
convinced by my association with public
men. and especially with Mr. Webster, that
the North would never consent to it. When
the war came, how ever, it had to be met
with spirit. The chance for a peaceful sep
aration of the States was lost years before
the war. It could have succeeded when
the north wanted to go, ami aain when
Texas was annexed, but not since. i
"My association with Northern people,
both in the Senate, in- the Cabinet and in
social life, had convinced nie of these facts.
I had, you know, spent much of my time at
the North. I remember when. I was quite
a boy, traveling toward Hartford in a stage
coach with a number of gentlemen, I ex
pressed my sentiments freely in relation to
the secession or State rights resolution ol
the Hartford convention. No section of this
country more freely and forcibly condemn
ed tbe resolutions and action of that body
than the Southern. When I had given free
expression to my boyish .opinion, an old
gentleman asked if I had ever read the pro
ceedings of that body. I replied that I had
not. He said that if I knew more of their
import I might change my mind. This old
gentleman was Mr. Goodrich, afterwards
known as Peter Parley, and had an uncle
in the convention. I spent a few days there
and finally concluded that Hartford the
place where they originally taught the
right of secession, was not such a bad place
OEN. TOOMBS AND HIS PROCLAMATION.
"Mr. Toombs atributes the failure of your
cause in a great measure to your opposition
to his plan for the emancipation of the
slaves to meet the objections ef France and
England to recognizing your government."
Mr. Davis laughed outright at this state
ment and said :
"I did not know there was any feeling
between Mr. Toombs and mvself. As for
proclamation of emancipation, I do not re
member to have ever heard of it before in
my life. That would have !een a stroke of
policy indeed. No, Mr. Toombs and my
self never had any differences upon that
proposition, you may rely."
JOE JOHNSON AND HIS RANK.
"General Joe Johnson also makes some
pretty severe attacks upon your book."
"Yes, sir; so I sec. I notice that he un
dertakes tohold me responsible for Hood's
campaign in Tenuessee, He knows better.
' !Iod ,,i,nself in bolJc
iTi""u.v ncus uu uusn lO Vjeil.
! Jol,1,ftouV imriative of tli war, wiys that
eiiureiy nisappovea tat campaign.
anu mat i was in no wise responsible lor
, . . . - .
it. That is true. I had nreViousl v agreed
with him upon a plan of campaign which
lie Was carrying eut when lie audBcaure
gard planned the Tennessee camnaiirn.
Hood, was an excellent, well meaninir
man. lint lm.l tt--. i.
.--! vuu mm unci UO WUK vUIU
inand of The army. The difficult was
that, when he relieved Johnston, he found
! that the spirit had all been retreated out
of what was at one time-as fine a bodof
troops as the Confederacy had. I have tio
desire or inteution of having any contro-
umicur inieuiion OI Having any
versy with Gen. Johnston. I did not in-
teud in my work to say anything nnkind
oi me matter 1 was treat! us. I have no
to send a different reply, and the result is
known. "Many of our people suggested
that he be retained in command until he
j ietreated from Atlanta, and then public
6culinieut would have clamored for his
removal. That would have been a very
good way for an Executive who desired to
escape responsibility, but it would have
been a cowardly way of performing one's
duty. It would have shown more disposi
tion to take care of himself and do a popu
lar thing than to do his duty." '
"Did the trouble between yourself and
General Johuston begin early in the waif
"We never had any trouble that I know
of except that he was petulent about his
ra.uk, and constantly claiming that he was
entitled to the ranking commission in the
Confederate army, because he had been
Quartermaster-General with the rank of
Brigadier-General in the federal army.
That claim is easily disposed of. Wheu
the rank and position of the officers of
the Confederate army were determined
General Johuston was not iu the federal
arniyi He had resigned his com mission as
Quartermaster-General aud gone iuto the
service of Virginia under General Lee,
who was a Major-Gcneral, while he was
simply a Brigadier. Afterward, when the
relative rank of the high, officers iu the
Confederal army was determined, con
sideration was given to the position each
held at the time. General Lee being
a Mjijor-Geuenil in corn maud of the. Vir
ginia troops and General Johnston a
Brigadier under him, you can easily Ree
what justice there is in Geueral John
htou's claim that he should have ranked
Lee. Yes, this question of lank.was quite
j u stumbling block for Johnston, but Lee
was never n party to the controversy.1'
GENERAL LEE AND STONEWALL JACKSON.
"Stonewall Jackson was the greatest ex
ecutive officer of the Confederacy. Gen.
Lee uttered a great truth, aud from his
heart when he said, upon hearing of Jack
ooh't death : "I have lost my right arm."
Lee was a great soldier uud a great man.
Most people mistake his character. He
was always willing to fight. At times he
was even impetuous, especially, in the
face of disaster. He would often rush into
places and dangers where he did not be
long, aud many times showed his dispo
sition to be an executive leader rather
than the controlling mind of a great army.
Ho was one of the purest men I everknew
a man incapable of subterfuge, evasion,
deceit or indirection. He wou aud held
u deservedly high place as n man aud a
soldier both at home aud abroad. Wheu
Jackson lived he was Lne's dependence.
He recognized Jackson's ability as an ex
ecutive officer and trusted him implicitly
when he gave him his plans. Jackson
Never waited for orders a second time or
sent back fot instructions. After the bat
tle of Gettysburg, Lee wrote to mo that
he had met with a reverse, and asked me
to find some youuger aud nbler man to
take his place. I replied that if I could
find a younger and abler man I might de
sire to maice the change, but as I had so
much more confidence in hitu than any
other man I kuew I could not consider
it. Longstreet thought he was tbe man
Lee referred to, but I did not. Lee had
the most delicate conception of. honor of
any man I ever met."
MR. DATIS' LIBRARY.
Stepping np to the loaded shelves of his
library, 1 looked them over, and the new
est editiou was Sherman's Memoirs by
"Here is Gen. Sherman's work," I said
"Yes, 6ir," said Mr. Davis, "and a sor
ry record it is. His euemies could hard
ly have told so bad a story of him and
his acts as he has told of himself. I see
lie is annoyed by the reference I made to
his burning Columbia, After writing
himself down as a malicious liar in his
own work, iu sayiug that he had started
the story that Hampton was responsible
for the burning of Columbia so as to
break his influence, I cannot see why he
should be annoyed at the reference I made
to it. If Columbia had been the only
place burned there might be some sense
in assumming to shift' the responsibility
or deny the fact. Sherman had burned
Atlanta after driving the women and
children out of it for that purpose, and
had committed other equally atrocious
acts. He had put the 15th corps, 'which
always did its work thoroughly,' in posi
tion to perform its part equally well in
relation to Calnmbia, the hated place of
i ..ii : -iim isuir.n kri nm mnr mtririin
: " '
all. Charleston was not more marked
for reveuge than Columbia, aud why Sher-
niau b-juld trouble biaistlf to collect ev-
idence that he did not burn Colombia,
passes my comprehension. He bnrned
Vefore and he burned afterward, and why
he should seek to get rid of that special
charge I cannot comprehend."
THE rrrrrov I
.Wh7 i . ine lunalIC asji'im Ixjcause another -What
is the materbl future or the 'liU.n MM 1.: i:
South V i
"That no man can tell. If the South
can establish ay stern of tenantry, or get
immigration to occupy aud till its lands,
there is no question bat that it has a great
future. Whether the colored people will
ever reach that point is a question yet to
oe settled. Man is now iu a struggle with
nature upon these problems. There is no
question but that the whites are better
off for the abolition of slavery. It is an
equally patent fact that the colored peo
ple are not. If the. colored, people shall
develop a proper degree of thrift, and get
a degree of moral education to keep pace
with any advancement they may make,
they may become a tenantry which will
enable the South to rebuild its waste
places and become immensely wealthy. .
Ncgroe8 become greatly attached to
localities,and most of them love to re
main where they were raised. Almost all
of our old servants are yet on the old
plantation near Vicksburg. The colored
people have niauy good traits, and mauy
of them are religious. Indeed, the 4,000,
000 iu the South when the war began were
Christianized from barbarians. In that
respect the South has been a greater prac
tical missionary than all the missionary
societies iu the world.
"War was not necessary to the abolition
of slavery," continued Mr. Davis. Years
before the agitation began at the North,
aud the meuacing acts to the institution.
there was a growing feeling all over the
South for its abolition, but the Abolition
ist at the North, both by publications
and speeches cemented the South aud
crushed the feeling iu favor of emancipa
tion. Slavery could . have been blotted
out .without the straius which revolution
always makes upon established forms of
government. I see it stated that I utter
ed the sentiment, or endorsed it, that
'slavery is the corner-stone of the Con
federacy.' That is not my utterauce."
The Augusta merchants have combined
against the Charlotte, Columbia & Augusta
Railroad to get a reduction of freight rates.
It is understood that thev have almost
unanimously signed an agreement not to
ship or receive shipments over the road
unless their demands are complied with.
Drunkeness is a crime greater than
murder, because it not only destroys
God's highest and best gift to earth the
human mind but it projects its mischief
into the future; bequeathing to the com
ing generations au accursed legacy of dis
eased appetites aud poisoned b ood.
China is likely to profit in an uncxpec
ted way from the scare she has lately
been in over the threatened Russian in
vasion. The palace authorities have al
ways looked with disfavor upon the
building of railroads within the bounda
ncs of the empire. But the ministers
who had charge of the war preparations
found themselves hampered by the total
lack of adequate means for transporta
tion of troops and supplies, aud it seems
to have struck the Emperor that his
great empire is practically defenseless so
long as it is without railroads aud tele
graphs. Preparations are making, there
fore, to introduce both on an extensive
The Atlanta Constitution says that Mr.
II. I. Kimball, the euergetic manger of
the cotton exposition, to take place tliis
fall, has hit upon a uovel plan of taking
care of the creature comfort of visitors.
The hotels of Atlanta, it is apprehended,
will be entirely unequal to furnishing bed
and board for the thousands who will
gather there in October. Mr. Kimball,
in this emergency proposes to ask all the
people of Atlanta, rich and poor, without
regard to their own comfort, to open their
houses to tho visitors at a fixed schedule
of prices. In accordance with this plan
all arrangements for board aud all pay
ments therefor would bo couducted by
the mauagers through 'a special depart
ment, which would be responsible to both
householders and visitors. If the Direc
tor General succeeds in orgauUing aud
satisfactorily conducting this important
brauch of his undertaking, he will add
vastly to the credit which he has already
earned; and there is no insuperable ob
stacle to such success if the people of At
lanta share his own enthusiasm,
A Church Roof Kills Fifty People
Chicago, July 11. A -dispatch dated City
of Mexico, July 10, says: Dispatches re
ceived from Oaxaca announce the falling ef
tbe church roof in San Mateo, killing over
ntty people. I he church was being rebuilt
and at fire o'clock on Tuesday morning a
workmen fell from the roof. All of the
others rushed to get off at the same instant,
causing the roof to fall. The worshippers.
mostly women, were instantly killed
Twenty of the workmen on the roof were
also killed and others fatally wounded. The
accident took place an hour previous to
service and there were not over thirty per
sons in the church. These are reported all
The Beactt and color of the hair may
j r -i -
R.i--m vhih S. m.Vh x, :.'...
! fum. cieul:ncss and dandruff eradica ii
It Dou't PayV ,y
cause another citizen sells him liquor,
Tt donv ni v fn .4. .
., , . VIU.CII IU
it aon t nay to have one ritir ;n
thecounty jaifi because another citi
zen sells hi ra liquor.
It don t nav to have fifiv wakMh.
rnr a ragged, to have one saloon-keeper
dressed in broadcloth and flush of
It don't pay to have (en smarf . ac
tive, intelligent boys transformed in.
to thieves to enable one man to lead
an easy life by selling them liquor.
It don t pay to have fifty working
men and their families live ou bone
soup aud half rations in order that
one saloon-keeper may flourish on
roast turkey and cliamiiagne.
It don t pay to have one thousand
homes blasted, ruined. clefiledTand
turned into a hell of discord and mis
ery iu order that one wholesale liquor
ueaier may amass a larp-e fnrtnnp.
It don't pay to give one man, for
815 a quarter, a license to sell liquor
and then spend $5,000 on a trial of
another man for buying that liquor
aud eontmiting murder under its in
fluence. Thanksgiving aud Prayer.
Columbus, O , July 11. Gov. Foster has "
seat the following telegram to the Gov
ernors of States and Territories :
Governor's Office, V
Columbus. O., July 11, 1831.
To HarritX. Plaitted, Governor of Maine : .
Present indications strongly encourage
the hope that the President will recover ,
from the effects of the horrible attempt on
his life. It must occur to ill that it would
be most fitting for the Governors of the
several oiaics anu Territories to issue
proclamations setting apart a day to be
generally agreed upon for thanksgiving and
praise to Almighty God for the blessed de- -liverance
of our President and for this great
evidence of hisr TOndnPM tn tSia nn!nn if
o -- - ,
this suggestion meet9 your approbation
permit me to name the Governors of New
York, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Maryland
and Ohio, as a committee to fix npon the
day to be observed. Please reply.
(Signed) Charles Foster.
The great sympathy which the. mur
derous assault upon President Garfield
has evoked has found expression in many
ways. Religious nsseinbrus, town meet-,
ings, legislatures, all the organized bodies
throughout the laud have passed resolu
tions of condolence, and the telegraph
and tho mails have -borne -thousands of
rmessages, couched In choice language and
expressive of the deep grief that pervades
the hearts of all the people. Never before
has the entire population of a great
country given token of &uch n common
feeling of sympathy aud regret. It is as
if the people of the Union had been merg
ed into a single family, suffering from a
misfortune affecting nearly each member
of the household. And there is something
recalling the times of chivalry iu the ten
derness with which Mis, Garfield has re
ceived these overflowings of the popular
heart. It is not every lady who might bo
raised to a position of eminence who
could deport herself so admirably -as
Mrs. Garfield has during the bourn oftbis
trying period her husband at the verge
of death, a people iningliug with prayers
! for his recovery the sweetest and tender-
C6t words of cousolation'aud comfort for
herself. Her bearing has been worthy of
America. And it is this, doubtlcs, that has
led the practical business men New York
to illustrate their appreciation of her
conduct by tendering her a piiucely pro
vision for herself uud family. JV'etrs Jt
A Monster Tobacco "Warehouse.
Dorscy Battle in his admirable descri
tion of Salem and Winston, gives the fol-
I . - . r ... i .
low in r account oi n, ivart:iioua in iim
latter place : -
We will notice, as now seems a goof
place, the grand scheme of PaceV Brick
Warehouse, Pace &. Gorrell, (Horn A,
B.,) proprietors, the first sales, in Mbicb.
were to bo made on Gth July.
This mammoth monument of brick was
let by contract to Miller Bros., builders
of Winston, on the 1st April, at-wh,icb
time the bricks were iu the clay aud this
timber standing in the forest, The di
mensions of the building tire 87x200 feet
In its construction there are used 250,000
feet of lumber and -100,000 brick. I u the
roof are 23,000 square feetvof timber ; im
the floor 19,000 square feet. Wagous will
enter on Old Town and Liberty streets
aud unload in the building. The base
ment will be used as storage room for
hogsheads and loose leaf tobacco and
reached by an elevator. The sales floor
is lighted by 40 solid sky lights 2(5x72
inches in the roof, in addition to side
wiudows. A 7501b bell in a 43 feet bell
frey to announce beginning of sales, with
afire alarm attachment to be used in
case of fire andto sJrike the hours and
half hours during the night by a watch
man set off this gigantic establishment
Wheu fully completed, for we bavnrt
mentioned the elegant-brick office aud
wagoners rooms on tbe flanks, it will be
the biggest and best for the purpose iq
in North Carolina or Virginia. HJnslntgr
Bios., and A. B. Gorrell are the owners.