I' : ; " - ' : ".' ; . "
. i . - T. - - M -
! , 1 f . : ; - t i"!
-I 1 -' - 1 Mj
' . - -l ; . i -
i . . . , ; i , , . t
. . V : i i -! T
! - " . - :"...: . r" i .. - ... ;; Hi ' -.!
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8ALISBTJEY. IT. C, HAECH 9 j 1882.
VolIXIII!. THIRB SERIES
i NU 91
t . . .
I : j . . v .. -. y i- -- ' - j
The Caroiiiia Watchman;
ksTABtlSnD IN THE YEAR 1832.
-TKICE.1 J50 IN ADVANCE.
TRUSTEE'S , ;
-r-k-r .;mh nf ftMortcrace or Deed in TrastJ
XJ executed by John 0. Connor and SaUie,
It Conner, td Luke tJlaqkmer, aatea ine om
dr of Kprily 1$74, and registered in the
Lo- Kefristen of Deeds of Rowan coun-
W in Book Ko48, page 170, &c, anI upon;
which default hps been. made; I will exposa
etV public ayction, at the Courthouse:
j -i KiA $oof ik tMl9Tr.li.??a,i8bn !
a" i Cfii VlciTr nf TVTrnh J
ttol-WiWlW jAtrct of. Lftnd consisting ot
one-fiftft vofUOd acres, adjming the Iandsj
Knbiectrtofthe life estate of '.Laura' Hudson,'
lAlso r oae-sixth part of the land Jormeriy
f owned 'fBjtJolii L. Reid, dec'd.t adjoining
Umls Af Peter w. iiairsion. dames i,
rMTR ind others.
; ! Terms Cash. 1 Dated at Salisbury this 1st
(Ikt of .February, 1882.
LUKE RLAC5IER, Trustcel
REMEMBER THE DEAB !
' i ;, ' ' C&O.
. - i - . . .
i IN THE PRICES OF
i Usxbio Monuments and "Grave-Stones of
i '-' 1 .j Eveiy Eoscripticn. I
i ; j I cordially invito the public generally
to an Inspection of my Stock and Work,
jr. I feeinstifid jn asserting that my past
,' experience under, first-class workmen in
UlI the newest and modern . styles, and
. that the workmanship is eqnal to anyjof
. the beet in the country. '1 uo not say
tha.t iny'work is superior to all others, j 1
ain rc8oiiable, wUl'not exaggerate in or
der t acconipUsh a sale. My endt avori is
to plehso jimd give each enstdmer the val
"uc of tvery dollar they leave with tue.
PRICES 35 to 50 Per Cent CHEAPER
ever offered in this town before.
Call at once or send for price list and de
signs.! Satisfaction guarant'd or no charge.
1 he erection of marble is the last work
of reject which", we pay to the memory
of departe&frieuds. " - ' I
A , ,1 i OHN S. HUTCniNSON.
Salusbury. N. C.. Nov. -T, 1881. I
i.v j- - - u
' Biactmer and Henfierson,
j ' h and Solicitors.
ij ; I ; SALISBURY, N. C.
Janoay22 1 79 tt.
' - i - -
PPPa week In your own town.
5 diftfit free.
Even tlilne new. CiiDltal notl ro-
; quireu c win rurnihn you CTeryuun?. wany are
making ftirttnes. Ladles make as much as men.
; and bof s and girls make great pay. Keader, II you
l want asbuslness at wblcb j ou can mate preat pay
,-m.i urciuuc j uu nwrii, ntw ior pui iicuiais iaj i
H i " i II. Co.. Portland, Mciac.
& Dapille 1 B.
1 ; THAINS GOIXG SOUTH
Pat nJy, 20f S1
I" No. 51 I No. -50 I
RlcKmond i a
Lv. Bfeiie Lle
ArN. Jbnvme i
M. lkaiTiiia ;
Lv. A i
Lv. -, . . ,.
Ar. A -I, Junction I
Ar. Cliarlotto . !
: b:' 1 I
.! -hrl-'iJS' Ol k-J ,i-M nil
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. f 910 t 6 50 " 925 "
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10 5f f 9 03 " "11 15 "
12 is a.m io 35 I2 4lp.m
' 112 5 a m i!0 43 12 50j4
1 No. 55 No. 51 No. f3
1 Daily Dally Dally
i, .iLvv:u;rliito .
ii :s A. 1. Junction i
Lv t i
i -Ar Greensboro 4 i
i. ;Ar Danville ; :
! Ar North Dfinvllle
-rArliurkevUle j : j
'Lv . " -'J"
j Ar lib-bnioini I
i 3 10 A M
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I 4 37 "
4 42 "
: 6 25 "
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li'i 17 P M
4 40 A M
4 47 "
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5 Sti P M
7 241 M
t 7 27! P M
9 ISP M
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j Iicti Pas. -Ajnt,
Perfect the j Sunday School
Tfie State Sunday Scliool conrention,
which met in Raleigh ast reek, after
considering Tarionai plana foradrancing
and perfecting the Sunday School worl
in the "State, nnanimpuily adopted the
following report of - aTcomniittee appoin
ted to snbmit some method to accomplish
the end desired .!;., 'Ik
That the State be divided into districts
of about live coufrties each, and that, the
execntive committee add to their number
a person in each district, who snail iare
as his , work the organizing of the com-;
mittees of his district, and who shall ap
point a secretary in each connty where
no organization has yet ' taken place.
That the executive committee be direc
ted to make a. , thorough statistical. can
vass of the State, and be directed to' cor
respond with the secretary of the Inter
national Sunday School Convention. That
the "executive committee, call for collec
tions during the month of May from each
Sunday School in the State, for the use of
the executive committee The the execn
tive committee appoint, pastors of the
various denominations to present through
the press the nature and advantages of
this organization. ' That the action of the
last convention, held at I Salem,! in desig
nating the Rev,. Dr. PrjUcbard. Rev. L.
W. Crawford and Rtov. Jctliro Rumple,
to .present the causer to j the various re
ligious denominations is hereby approved
and renewed. That. the recommendation
of the London Sunday School Union, of
special days of prayer for Sunday Schools
bo carried out in this State.
A Promise FclfiiLlei). It seems.; like
a matter of course, now, to learn that the
road is finished to PaiutrRock. ; We have j
followed each step taken; in its construc
tion,,each mile made' fit for travel, until
it looks like aa easy thing to be done,
but when the sale was made to Rest, who
undoubtedly had at first j strong backing
, the Republican party raised the cry of
giving awajLJtheyScate's property; and
coutended that the road would never be
built. The road is huilti Nobody cares
whether Best or the'ltichmond and Dan
villo people have built it so it was built.
The Republican party squandered on
Littlefield and Swepson enouglHSibney: to
i uave couipieieu ine rouu ten
1 . T 1 -1 if. . 1 i
but tuey ura notnmg towardst.
is now finished andthe glory of the build
ing belongs all to the Democratic party.
Lenoir Topic. - j .
Massachusetts, a Republican State, as
we jnentioned many months ao, has re
pudiated a debt contracted with the Troy
& GreuGeld Railway Company. The repu
diation is certain and the depravity of the
transaction unmistakable. The St. Panl
Pioneer i Press has i this to -say of the
"The fact that the State resorted to the
desperate expedient of pleading its sov
ereignty in bar of? Judicial process is a
confession that it had no adequate defense
npon the merits of the question. If it had
not, then its confiscation of the property
of individuals who had trusted to its
good faiih, and its refusal to provide any
measure of relief or redress, is ranfc dis
honesty." j r-
It is worth while to note these things.
No State is more pron6 to throw stones
at its neighbors than Massachusetts.
Our Njewton friends jseem to be in
o,iro 1 ri niri n re ivqv o f r nam rkTn firTl
of the railroad by that place, as we learn
from the Newton Ekterprise.
They have good reason for the rejoic-
iug, as this will add materially to the
futurepro8perity of the town. : When
the Narrow Guage is completed to that
place, which will be tometime during the
present year, it wilimoye on with gigan
tic strides to success. -Then there will
Jbo a general jollification 1MercuryJ,
The Stalwart Senators, with the aid
of the Confederate! "Brigadiers, carried
through tho proposition to place General
Grant on the retired list of the army,
with a General's rank and pay. This is
an absolutely unjustifiable measure, and
it is probable that very few of the Sena
tors really approved it, but it is easy to
understand the considerations that se-
t i - - j
cured its passage. Phil, ITmics, 2nd -
' ' 4i - , 1 . .
- - i 'i '" ' t
", So Lord Roscoe is to be Associate) Jns
tied of the Supreme Court of the United
StateSyin place of Judgd Hunt, displaced.
Every one of the 20G, not in the penitentia
ry, will share sooner or later in "the lot
tery of assassination," as J udge Edmunds
phrased it indiscretely iand maliciously
Roscoe will make an imposing lo6kinj
Justice, although not bne of the most
learned. Next. Wil. Star. .
There are getting to be so many mills
and other machinery run by
this county will soonVbe
smoke and steam,! like
Catawba county is now far in advauce o
anr other in the State, in agriculture,
and she will soon lead in manufacturing,
She has a bright future ahead and we
say, keep her moving. Catqicua Mercury
i Tt is worth rememberins that nobody en
mvs tne nicest surroiuiuiu"s ii u w
."Li. J!; Ifi.knIKaetOi
pTbere are .mserablef people about tei-day
with one foot in the grave, wnen a ooiue o
Parker's Ginger Tonic would do them more
(mod 1 ban all the doctors and medicines
thpv have ever tricd.l Sec adv.
- j -. . . i
Murders Iler Babes kind then Dies
t '' r- ,- - -
v Washixgtox, D. Feb.' 27.A Nor
folk special says the bodie3 of a white
woman named Rosa Stark and her.. two
infants r were found in the wood near
Pleasant Hill, Northhampton t county,
North Carolina, day before yesterday.
- The coroaerV -inquest developed.tho
following facts: - , ' j - '
On the night of Monday the 20th inst.
the woman, gave birh tor an infant which
she killed at pneel On Tuesday morning
8he went to the ,1 woodst to buty t and
while there gave birth to - another child.
This also she killed, and prostrated by
exposure aieu nrseii. n ;; '
The ' horrib1e"affiur liar ' caused great
exdtehient.'vNo pne has -been, implia
ted save the woman; wfib'seobject appears
to have been to couce her shamd.
Old Bucks in Catawba,
? This section of the western hemisphere
is better supplied with old widowers that
can jump a forty rail fence; any frosty
morning before breakfast than any other
country this side of Sodom and Gomor
rah, and if any of our many pretty yoaug
ladies would prefer being an old man's
darling rather thau a young man's
slavVfor them jast ts sajr so and we will
guarantee one year's subscription to the
Mercury t that they will soon be made ten
degrees happier than old Adam ever
was in the garden of Paridise.-Catayba
Altogether, 282 business firms wero
burned out by the Haverhill conflagra
tion. Among these were; 108 shoe manu
facturers, 2G sole leather firms, 8 shoe
trimming firms, threo banks and nearly
100 firms auxilliary to the shoe manufac
turing establishments and dependent on
them. , ;
Tlie physicians who attended tho late
President should be satified with amounts
awarded by the Auditing Committee.
They are given as follows: Bliss; $10
000: Aguew and llamiltbn, 615,000 each;
Reyburn, Boyuton and Susan Edsou,
f!5,000 each, and Crump, nurse, $3,000.
How Cheaply One Can Live.
Bread, after all, is' the cheapest diet
one can Jiye on, and
A story is told j list how cheap a man
can live, wnen lie gets "aown to
mush," figuratively speaking. Col.
Fitzgibbou, was many years ago, col
onial agent at London, for the Cana
dian government, ami was wholly de
pendent upon rem ittahces from Can
ada for a support. On one occasion
these remittances failed to arrive, and
as there was no cable in those days,
he was compelled to write to his Can
adian friends to know the reason of
the delay. Meanwhile he had just
one sovereign to live upon. He found
that he could Jive upon six pence per
day, or about 12 cents of our money
four penny worth of bread, one pen
nyworth of milk, and one pennyworth
of sugar, which served, for breakfast,
dinner and supper, tlje milk being
reserved for the last ncal. When his
remittance arrived, about a month af
terward, he had five shillings remain
ing of his sovereign, and he liked his
frugal diet so well that he kept it up
for4'two years, possibly longer. Twelve
cents a day is certainly a small amount
to expend for food: but a man in
Minnesota, - about three years ago,
worried through a whole year on ten
dollars. He lived on ''Johnny cake."
. We know of a theological student
in an OJiio college, who, sustained by
grace, rice aud corn-bread, lived thir
teen weeks on" ten "dollars; but Hiere
was several good apple orchards near
the college and the farmers kept no
dogs. It is not the necessities of life
that cost much, but the luxuries ; and
it is with the major part of mankind
as it is with the Frenchman who said
if he had tlie. luxuries of life, he could
dispense with the necessities. Mere
living is cheap, but as the hymnolo
gist says, "It is not all of life to live."
Gen. Grant, worth his millions, is
pensioned by Congress at $13,000 a
year ; Mrs. Garfield with her half
million of dollars is" given in Con
gress $50,000 and a yearly pension
of 5,000 ; -Mrs. Lincoln,' with 65,
000 in bonds is given 15,000 and
5,000 a year. The widow of Gen.
Custer, whoso husband, by his dash
and bravery covered the federal arms
with glory ancj gave his life to his
country on the battle field
circumstances on a
pension of 360
justice To him who hath more
shall be givcn.-7-Winston Sentinel.
: 1-'"' -! .'
-iTlie Washington which claims
to be the t boss Democratic papsrof
the , "country Js. willhiff; to! swallow
Blaine, , aridr support; "hira for the
Presidency 18S4. We took Grcely iu
ourn once,4 land that is enough for one
life time. We believe as sturdy old
Jere! Black: jsays : ."The , Democratic
party qan j pnly win in 1884 with a
man who ihas always, been a Demo
crat, true and consistent pne in whom
the business interests of, the country
have confideu'ee." rWiniton Senti-
Judge '.ymour's Sucxjessgr.
As i we have, heretofore intimated
would bc.the icasey His Excellency
GoveVndr"'. JaYvis tms formerly tender
ed the appbitment of Superior Court
Judge of the second judicial district te
Major .Henry" Augustus Gilliam, and
Judge Gilliam has signified his . ac
ceptance. 'News- Observer.
Another Siiobt Peach Crop.
Sufficient is already known to con
vince the peach growers alone the
Hudson that nearly every
bud is dqiad, aud that there will be
a short crop again the coming sea
son. ' ' '' ! -
Death or Bishop XiYscir. Riglit Rev.
P. N. Lynch, the Roman Catholic Bish
op of Charleston, S. C, died in that city
Hon. ZehnlouB. Yance in the United
State Senate, Fehruary 14, 18.2. .
' ; COXCLUPED.
Another favorite argument for this plun
der of the public is that it xu"tcct8 UU(i
fosters our 'infant" manufactures: that
without them a nation can never be strong
and bcli'-suktuiniiig, &c. Mr. President,
no man is better aware of the importance
to the prosperity of tho people of maim-
factures than am I. But I know too that
when demanded by public necessity they
always spring up without forcing, as ey
cry other luuust-ry will ; and 1 Know lur
tber that they are of no value as factors
in the acquisition of wealth nulc&s they
are so demanded. But granting-that they
need help in starting, I wish to ask the
Senator from Vermont as its guardian,
how old is. that "infant" anyhow ; aud
whether, ljke Tony Sumpkins, he thinks
it will ever arrive at rears of discretion ?
It is according to my researches, well on
to a hundred years old, and still it can't
walk or even stand alone. Laughter.
It promises fair to become tho deathless
rival ot the Wandering Jew, judging bv
its prolonged youth, only it can't wander,
and therefore sticks fast by New England
and l'ennsylvama. He is the most ro
markable boy I ever heard of except tho
"old boy, j whom he much resembles in
many respects; remarkable as well for
what he can do as for what he cannot.
He may be properly called the Great
American Infant. His inability to stand
is in the inverse latio to tho amount of
"protection? he receives to Tielp him
stand. Laughter. When he was born,
tho wet mirses by his bed, whose hearts
were melted by his piteous cries for help
against the paupers who sought his lite,
fed him with with a tariff ranging from 5
to 15 per cent. The infant liked it and
began to thrive. From time to time, like
young Uliyer 1 wist, lie called lor more ;
nntil now! at the age of nearly one hun
dred years, his daily "protection" ranges
from 10 per cent, on rags, that most do
serving of! all young American industries,
and diamonds, that most essential one, to
loO per cent, on other articles. And yet
he can't tand on his legs. The more he
consumes the feebler hp gets ; the bigger
he grows tho weaker lie becomes. (Con
tiuued laughter. At this rato it will bo
come a serious question with as soon as to
whether, if he gets much stronger, it won't
laite an we nave 10 proicci mm, anu uien
can't do it.
11 y opinion is that he never will stand
wlulc the public will hold him up ; that
ko long asi wo feed him ho will He onl his
back .hold on by the grass, aud devour
tho food given him by the American peo
pie. Evident! 3', it not naturall his in
ui initios and his appetites increase with
age. His food don't seem to have the de
sired effect ; but assuming au abnormal
charachtcr, he has to alliuteuts and pur
poses become a vast politico-economical
tape-worm in the public anatomy, lit onlj
to consume food provided by others.
Graet laughter. Sometimes, indeed, ho
puts ou au air of most aggressive vigor
kind boasts loudly of his prowess. One
of the speakers at the recent tariff eon
yention said that one of the largest man
ufacturers of saws in tho United States
. "lias a piac 01. ousincM m tue cny 01
... ! , . . .
eun ,UI?i. Ul lu -.;UU
ed States' jin to LAnada and the provinces
of Great Biitnin, and wo have been ena
bled by the skill and genius of American
mechanics to place upon the marketl an
article with which we can compete with
them right in their own market.
And tlie Senator from Vermont, grow
ing boastful as he recounted tho achieve
ments of manufactures, forgot for a mo
ment the 'feeble character of the great
American infant, and exclaimed with
A "Many 'American productions sustain
the charcter they, have won by being the
best in tho world. Oar carpenters, aud
joiners could not bo hired to handle any
other than American tools; and there are
no foreign agricultural implements, from
a spade to a reaper, that an American
farmer would accept as a gift, l hero is
no saddlery, hardware, nor house furnish-
.ing. equal in quality and style to Ameri
can. Watches and jewelry and tl.it
electric cold and silver plated ware of
American .workmaushipr as to quality.
have the foremost place in tho marts of
the world The superiority of our staplo ,
cotton goods i indisputable, as is pro-
ven by the tribute of frequent counter
feits displaj ed abroad J Te city of Phil
adelphia; alone makes 'many better car
pets, and more in quantity, : than the
whole of Great Britain. e These are no
ble achievements. n , , . . '
They ire indeed j but there is one oth
er and very simple achievement1 which
this great infant cannot performho can
not stand on his ; own legs ! Of; U the
thingsrh has ever done, the grateful mil
lious who have had to hold him rtp ai
8ucli vast expense would most delight to
see this. ! For notwithstanding, he can
com pete j according to the. confession of j
las friends, with British pauper labor in
tueir own markets, and can beat the
world, according to the Senator, in so
many things, yet no sooner does he - hear
the proposition to let him stand on his
own feet, than he is-seized with a tremb
ling in all his joints, and at the vory.
sight of a pauper he falls down in a fit
like old Despair, of Doubting Castle f or
like bcotty-Bnggs when tho parson hit
out wi$h his left, he hunts grass. Pro
longed laughter. . .
lruly lie is a terrible infant I wonld
have sajd in Parisian terms an "enfant
terriblei" but 1 scorn to use the language
of a foreign pauper !
lhere is another peculiarity about this
infant, he seems to effect a cold climate,'
and so rigidly deny to others any por-
: A ki, .. i
iwi" ui juie proieciion wnicn ne enjoys.
Ho is jealous of a new babv in the fami
ly. Desiring to participate in the pro
tection pf this tariff, the people of the
South are endeavoring, with small capi- I
tal and limited experience, to begin man- I
ufacturlng. Many in our own State are I
hfrfnmnlinm i . fHI .1 A.' 1 J
uLkuipyiLi it. xiihb uiiu iimo uguiu i
ii a ve tney petitioned for leave to bring
m mucifinery ior tins purpose, uutv nre:
but the Pennsylvania infant refused. I
Where,i then, was your policy of foster
ing infant manufactures! Some people
took a notion that cheap sugar could bo
mauufacturered from beets grown on tho
rich plains of the Northwest, and there
was much speculation thereupon. Im
mediately Congress passed an act remov
ing thoi tariff from machinery brought in
lor that purpose. The infant was not
even yet born ; but being as he was sup
posed qt Northern conception, they has-
len 10 protect mm "en ventre sa mere.
The North Carolina child is still
gliug against both, foreign paupers
will the Senator from Vermont
give this much help to the cotton niauufac I
tures of the South T Considering ouroov
erty, that we were scourged by war,"pes-
ijicucu uiai, naiKeui in uarKness, ami oy
nconstructiou, that destruction that wast
mC or a ?6 .
ed us atnoouday,will he not let us have our
time cxem pt from
tintionl" A well-
known! protectionist, whose name has
long been connected with that of iufan-
tilo ferruginous swine, announced his ar
dent compassion for the people of the
boutb to the tantf convention in New
York recently, and declared his readiness
to remove the tax on their "applo whis-
key ;"nay, he went further, and declared
, , :.. ...
it unconstitutional : aud with a boldness
that did honor to hi3 conscience added
that as we did not any longer need the
revenue we might now properly obey the
constitution! Will not the Senator be
as liberal as that? Frco machinerv
would be of more service to us thau free
"apple-whiskey," though I confess that
wo would gladly pay almost any price
except; an increased tariff, tovget rid of
that rapacious horde who pause awhile,
now aid then, from their political cam
paigns to collect the tax on that myste
lue:intcre8t of shin building and its
fate is; still more remarkable, though by
no means au infant. It was absolutely de
stroyed by protection; it died under a high
taring but, pursuing the practice of Dr.
Sangrdo, bleeding and hot water, they
determinetTto bring it to life by. more
protection, and so discriminating duties
are levied in favor of American ships
the navigation laws forbid the purchase
of ant other and all material for the
building and repairing of American ships
is admitted free of duty, aud still the pa
tient languishes and gets no strength.
Before dismissing this plea of nonage,
I would like to ask of any one competent
to answer this question : If American
manufacturers, particularly of iron, steel
and cotton, cau transport their goods half
way round the world and compete, with
the pauper labor of Europe iu thoso dis
tant markets in a trado which is constant
ly increasing, why cannot they so com
pete hero at home f That they find a prof
it in this is fairly presumed since they do
it. If so, would there not be still a great
er profit in saving the cost of ftiansniittiug
their goods so far by selling ''them at
horne t Or, suppose they take the advice
of the Senator from Vermont and manu
facture no more than they can sell at
home. Why Qo they want a foreign mar
ket if it is uot good for farmers T
A continuation of the present tariff they
say is necessary to raiso revenue, and
many ways are suggested of spending
that revenue when raised. Arrears of pen
sions calls for one hundred millions im
mediately, and many hundreds of millions
in the near fuUre. We are also much
alarmed about the defenseless condition
of our coast, which requires at once to be
fortified in the completest manner; and
1 T.. t. -11 .1, : n
re ueeu a uen jjuvj huuvd nil imug.
II Hill II 1 71 II V 1 1 11 IIll I run 3V UlllllUUfl IXllli IO
sunk very comfortably." With all due re-
1 DL1LIIV ftl 1 VUUIIVIWVIII l
fc fo evcrvbodjf 1 veuture to say that
this hewbora zeal for the po
simply covers the desire to continue this
tariff which public opinion is so loudly
condemning,'or'to increase it. If they
were iu earnest to raise revenue, they
would agree to lower it. It is appareut
to all that by judicious reduction revenue
could be raised sufficient for all proper
purposes, and to permit the wipingaway
of the internal -re venue system at the
snm? time, a consummation devoutly to
be wished, Heaven knows. Iu addition
to its being the most aunoying and vex
ations system the American people ever
groaned" under, it has at the same time
been; executed, at least iu the South, with
a fur honorable exceptions, with more of
harshness and official insofeuce thau free
men can well endure. Its officers, agents,
and spies, from the Commissioner down,
constitute the chief organization and act
ive working force of the Republican par
ty in the Southern States, and they have
not scrupled to pervert their official pow
crs rind the laws to the basest party pnr-
poscs, when occasion demanded. It would
be doing decency and good government a
service to blot out the whole .concern, be-
lem. Let us tax' spirits
me other wayH . , ,
t, too, must be paid; and
ginning at Jemsalem.
and tobacco in some
The public debt, t
while the Senator from Vermontdoes not
want it paid too suddenly, he yet wants
enough of taxation left, "to show that out
debt-paying policy is deep-rooted and
nnalterable.,, In the light of recentevents,
I admi t that-souie assurance of 'that sort
is.a.taeessity. j .We. have seen a revenue
ofUdf ia Virginia, but a y ear ot two since,
tW-Jnt&jied , wkh instant dismissal from
a."th;Sfpiciou that he favored re-
pationisialy last fall wtf saw the in-
dignanturtr of that threat, the Chief This assumes, first, that all men in this
rernal Revenue Bureau; take the country ; are iither free-traders or pfo
sturap in favor of the ticket which he sus- tectionists, alld that no .one thinks! of
pected his sahordinates of favoring and, raisiug any rovenuo for the Udveriimehtk
it is saul, levy Jlarge contributions for the
r..uu.u vU ua. vuiw-uuiuciB iu vi-
olation of Iawj And we - saw the whole
power of tho administration, its influence
and patronago'exerted in behalf of the
euminatoraf rthe .public debt of .that,
Btte. , And we saw, also, a brave and
competent Union soldier,"witl :the-are-
ot honorable battle on his body, summa-
rily ejected from office, 'though a Repub-
lrcan in his politics to make room for one
""uw ucuv-pitiug poncy was uai bo
deep rooted and unalterable F Now, Mr.
l resident; such things are well calculated
require fresh nssurauces. The repudia
tion of State debts is- so "close of kin to
the repudiation of national debts that
when' the -chief officials of the gov
ernment start in to heln on the one
f viuiwio icci-uuciHjr uuu I
for the sake of a small party advantage, I
ft tnnid creditor may well be excused for 1
believing that they would as readily help I
..I. .'P !. i I
me aiiuiu icuipuiviou vaiuiib lueir cause mac Timir mouerate ue-
presented. 1 no principle being surren-mands
uieu, meuuesuou oi.espeaie.ncy oecomes
the creature of occasion that lies in wait
lor it l ho benator from V ermont does
well to sound the alarm. I wi ll gladly
aid him iu raising this revenue by lower-
ing the tariff' to a constitutional point,
and thus giving the whole world an as-
surauce that bur "debt paying policy is
deep rooted and unalterable."
It all comes to this, that statesmen, in- j
sieaa oi loosing anxiousij- ior tue least bur
densome taxation to meet the economical
needs of the government, are astuto to
discover some new means of spending
money in order to get tho "protection" of
increased taxation. The question is not
how shall we raiso money to support tho
government but how shall wc raise more
taxes to enrich the manufacturers. The
manufacturers are at the bottom of this
whole' movement. No longer able to re-
sist the clamor
ana iniquities oi a tanil levied lor war
purposes, thoy seek to resist the curtail
ment of these euormous profits as long as
possible. A commission gives them two
years at least. I should yote against it if
for no other reason than the impudence
of the protectionists in whose behalf it is
offered. They openly avow their purpose
and desire to withdraw their interests
from the control of the national Legisla
ture, ou the ground that Congressmen
cannot understand these questions, or, if
I ii .1 a. f ii a, i i-i -I
they understood them, they arcnot to be
trusted with interests so delicate as theirs.
Iu their address to Congress tho Iron and
Steel Association say, after deprecating
any change whatever : , .
"We submit with great respect that
such revision of tho tariff as these con
ditions may suggest or demand can best
Ih5 effected through a commission to be
composed of prominent representatives of
the leading industries of the conutry, em
powered to make a thorough investiga
tion of the subjects submitted to them,
and required to report their conclusions
to Congress for approval."
It happens to be necessary that Con
gress 'should approve in order to comply
with the Constitution ; iu no other sense
is the inferiwsitioti of that incompetent
body asked or desired.. An orator in the
recent tariff convention said:
"It is far better that that modification
should be controlled and managed by
men who uuderstaud'their business, aiid
who have the interest of labor and capi
tal at heart, rather than to havet control
led by men who care about nothing but
how to get a few more votes."
Still another on saul :
"We regret exceeding wheu Congress
convenes. Tho ffock-muster i just as uu
easy and as much alar mud as ho is when
he Learns tho wolves are after his flocks."
He might have incresased the fore; of
his figure by adding, "and a thief is not
more alarmed at tlie approach of a po
liceman !" - :
Still another one said :
"One word with regard to Michigan and
its kindred industries. We do not want
auy legislative body to pass npon our in
It must be done by a body' of experts,
selected from tho industries to be repre
sented. It can be done in no other way,
And many more to the same effect. It
will be noticed that all of them are un
willing to be tried, as all other classes of
society are, by the legislative branch of the
government; and insist on having the
plunder they are to levy on the people
measured by themselves. How that
commission is to be formed it may be well
enough for Senators on this' side of the
uiiamoer to Know, anu uie iniormatioii is
furnished bv vet another orator of that
I nr-n ty A Amioluva rf ntimnvrfill nil lI lf lUHl -
1 .uuu yuuw.u. 1
wTime 't Mid ha Tfii inftfiitipp. Hff-
1 iv-1 o vi
riculturc, mining, ships and commerce,
iron aud steel, wool and woolen goods,
cotton, silk, and other textiles, glass, pot
tery, &-c, !rugs and ihemica's, &c, might
each claim a seat." That is to say, agri
culture, which represents only about for
ty millions of people and three-fourths
of the national wealth, shall have a voice
iu that august commission fully equal to
the 5,000 people represented by pottery,
or glass, or silk ! What could be fairer
than that? But hear him further: i
."It might be necessary that what is
loosely called tho free-trade element
should be represented on the commission,
as should also bo both Klitical parties.
Seeing that tlie appointments would be
made by a Republican l'resnlcut, and
that the Kepubl ican party is firmly com
mitted te the pnuciple of protection; to
home iudastr it would obviously be
right that a - majority, of . the commiion
should be Republican, aud that a majori
ty should alsu be distinctly protectionists,
but extremists of ' every kiud'are to be
-avoided. ' j' j ---
But evrn this was too lileral. The
ratcr,carried away by thei usfiing stream
ef his 0W11 generosity, went ho "far a 0
incur the rebuke of tut plunderers, i iioir
- ' - -nrrnniiuji j -.,."j t
organ, the American Protectionist, ipxftM V
lisldng his'ispeecli wjth approbation i saH'
"It contains a single proposition froi-ilv.
which we feel coinjiellcd to fexprfss ic;f
uissenc. air. v barton- argues: thatli i
making up the commission f it miht; be
well to concede repifscnUtion to the
free-traders.n : f -"But
we think on reflection Mr. Vliv.
ton will agree with ns that the ' constituU
tionoi the tariff torn mission shoald;be
governed by rules which would not admit
oi ;tne introduction of mpmie. infn Kr i
camp of Aineriean-lndastrr.1?
ana, secondly, that that the sole bjecief1.j
mj curamissiou is not tO-Ciange the tariffs
up or down, endlong or tverthwart, bus h
simply to distribute the plinderl ThoAi
commission is in fact intended onlyi W
arbitrate between1' the Lanufactarersi4l
loaving 4he public ' TieasuTy and 'the
peopWoattlio. eaftUootirly. i" -h,i
i Tliis commission; he . says will jriako U
some additions to the free Hit mostlof !
'iforeign and tropical ; ntaterials," "ad b
vance ine tariUT iu some instances to Sfjivo
an industry or establish aS new one.'1!
&c; &c. With a commission thi slconstH
iuicu avuWKU UrObOCllOIl IflS a l) U i&O
publicans representing the factories, j
sentative of the Democratic "party and
wnat the chemists i wonld call a trim
free-traders possibl v. this - e-entlemaii
magnanimously concludes, "it is safe to
say that the industries will tiruva in iha
high court to which they willingly com-
14. !..: .1 .1 f 1 ' , !.
are just and that theirT interest is!
mo interest ot the nation." $ v -
llavintr chosen their own eonrt. iw1
constituted thejnry with a controlling
majority of theirowu friend?, men who like
the famous jury that tried the hog thief,
all had a pieco of the pork, and who were
to share the booty derived from this r-aid
npon the people's pockets, of course tuey
"willingly submit tliemselves and their
cause" to this tribunal. Was ever impu
dcnc like this known anions civilized
4nen T And this isthei tribunal to which
the more than 45)00,)00 of Ameribati
consumers and tax payers arto loklfor
a redress of their grievances! Instead of
reducing the rates, we arc told that they
are. to bo advanced
that where verlth !
executive officers of Government have!
construed the law against the interests;
of the protectionists, that breach is to bb
repaired ; and the additions '.to tho ; frcoi
list are to consist of foreign and especial-'
ly tropical raw material, for the uso of
the manufactories. Nothing is to be made
free that the poor use. Salt, almost as
necessary as air, is still to continue taxed
at 50 per cent.; woolen blankets and all;
woolen goods at 100 per cent.; kerosene
oil, drugs, and medicines at about 1 tho
same. On that free list If should love:
much to see something that ! favored the
poor. iJiamonas,jeweiry, and precion
stones of all kinds are virtually upon it,f !
being only JO per cent, while mother of
i.r : :. r.. .i!
poari is free, cocoauut is Free, olives,; j
palm leaf fans,-diamonds jnncut, fruit- ;
plants, tropical and semi-tropical, fash- i j
ion plates, fur1 skius, ice, jet, ivory, Ver-M
micclli, sandalwood, raw silk," tea,, and j j
tin are all free, and more of like nature; is i
to bd added ; but nothing for the poor j V
nothing for the great mass hi laborers, J
men, women, aud childreu iwhot daily i
toil supports their own and the nation's
life. -f' ! ; L
Thy now throng the lohbies of tins ;
Congress and importnue its -committees; i
and there is newspaper talk that they
will demand the formation of a standing I
committee of .experts, to whom all iaes? r
tions affecting their interestsihall be re-?'
ferred. From the ordinary mendicant r
feeding upon tho public pi6c, they-have j
advanced to the dignity of -bogging on -horseback,
as iu South America. Like
the beggar in Gil Bias, too, they ha vein
fused something of a tin eat into their
mcndicauci". separating it by the smallest
degree from highway robbery. Where ;
are their victims, the farmers, planters,
laborers in every department, and the
great mas of cousuuiers gncniliy, con- j
stituting nine-tenths of the people of thoi
United States! Who is to look after their"
Interests ? What commission-f. experts
will determine all question affecting
them T Who will speak a wpvd in behalf;
of the public Treasury f Sliall those who
are plundered lie still and j submit while
those who plunder them J.ibor with a
lerfect oaganization and ample means
Verily it wouloTseems so from all that :
appsars here. - 1 , .. j ' t
There is indeed a single riy of sunshine
amid all this darkness; The cries of th
poor have found some hearing, aud a last :
the tender sympathies of j jthe Treasury
Department of the Government havo gen4: j j j i
crously agreed that the ! tax ou bankn; " il
checks and matches may lie removed 1
This will carry joy to the IheartM of all
the poor who have money laid up fn;
bank to hotel iiroprietors and saloon
keepers, but to- tho poor f farmer Iwhd
keeps his little hoard iu a stocking and
covers up his fire at night it will suggest!
I . - . 4 . M
I Vo per ceut. on biankers anq ok. per eeuu
I on salt. ": 4 '.';- ;J ; -i
I Yes, there is still another nft in the
1 viuuM. xuo m. rvw.
tuey tell us, may be removed. . Joy tb tba
I WOl'Id ! IjUIl
s uongn ayrup anu uau-
- w -t r -
I wflv o Keadr lCeiief aro to ue iree.
1 -mr . -
the earth rejoice ! Laughter. The poor.J
are to Jiave w lsxar's xaisaio 01 t tVjim
Cherry and Hostetter's Bitters at untaxed,
prime cost. Let the multitude bfl thei
isles clap-. -their hands, for Sinmlons'i
Livor Regulator aud St. Jacob's Oi are
to come to us mtitless of excise ahon i na
tions ! fContinued laughter.! Wheii this
happj' daj- shall dawn, then! the atll?cted
American citizen can dclnge his iuiides
with miraculous and iucompreheiifeiblO;
compounds to his heart's if uot to his;
stonmciiVxontent, with no tax gatlntrersi
to molest or make him' f afraid. -laoglitcr.j
Then, too, sliall our repibach.
among the nation that wo itax our jpco-ji?
plo from tho cradle to the grave je iu;t
great part wiped ! away, since the means.,
-of hastening their - tie pat turn ' from a;s
world of mis iy will boj-lfofLithetl fm;.)
And .thui, too, 1 ho Senator from Vermont! f
will Imve the gratiii&fi.i of seeing eveuli;
live tntile nromotiiig an 'important Hindus
try of his btate in tho iuieieasctl tlemand
- - . . - - , . . . a it ..11. rh . It
for tombstones 01 uutiaua juairuie. ion-
tiuned laughter Such ai;e thorny stei
trade, ami such is Uio-relief Which a
citnl administiation pnilfors pt overt
buuiafiity. I If
?dr. l'lfsidcntflthe nianof
I f :-f
Li i til