v . . - C. . i i - , - - - . .7 1 - t -t : -- . . k - . - - . ft J , . - . lis
ybiTifiSr- -4 ' -. sAnsBTmYi k c., jtjly 20, 1882. ' ;;. ' ;., J: ,' ; ' ' -,v ..- j,...: ';:
The Oarolina Watchman,
,STalIIIED IN TIIE TEAR 1832.
i J PRICE, $1.50 IN ADVA5TCK.
It l the ehncnmnt testimony of the jrmblto
.k1 lj nr'Alical profession, thAt Hostetter'S
fcuVrnfcJi ISlittTS is a rn-dicine which achieves
--v.n!tV s'4,'i')y feit thoroacb and toenign.
j:t iifr in ciuyiiig Uvr' diBoriur it invieor-
utra iit'ilbte, conquers kitifley ami bladder
VjiTi(':"lj d hastens the convalescence
( :0fee tecoyering from nfbling dis
ireovcr it is the grand speciiio
lor leivt af.d sne. ,
i r fiatoby all Dronrists and Dealers
' i if generally. -
29:1 1 - :
W. RnoDEi imdwNE, rrest. Wir. C. COAIIT, Secy.
i; lECdme Patronage
Stroii froipt Relial)leiil)8ral!
Ti;rni polkifes written on Dwellings.
I ' A 1 1 rA i mionlk r Inn Ik nit n r 1 . lnl
1ince in?tweivc uioiiths.
r 1 ALLEN BROWN". Aert..
21.-CW 1 Salisbury, N. C.
rs L 8TOMACH
: '' ,(- I ; CO
pyi I 1 . O b -rO made i education, and the general im
fj i. soaa I provement and enterprise manifested in ev
i v f , rasa . .
5(tf IS I
LjtvT ci BwJi ZD I
i .a U-issrs I
r-TlJ r JH ' ;V I
LLJ I , I I FtV KJ r I
! ? I I Lf J l
B1IEMBER THE DEAD!
"N THE PEICES OF
ttv&Q Mxmints and Grave-Stones cf
pverj Description. .
I Ctrdkur iiiritA tlm nr.Y.i;n n
itw-jastmeain assertinrr thn
SfN under first-class workmen in
th.Vto nc' and modern styles, and'
lfrt- UDtT- not say
y jiAu superior to all others. I
araSonible, tvilL not exa2Sera!e in or
tcFJl accclnUsh a sale. My endeavor is
X!aso-,'9Ml givc customer the val
ue peVer dollar they leave w ith me.
5 U 50 Per Cent CHEAPER
rth1 G?f offered in this town before !
K J! or.fud for P1 ico list anl del
Ti at,facton guarant'dornocharce.
Df rrl'W marW i8 tU0 la8t Work
R. r I SHUTCHINSON.
, N. C, Nov. 1, 1881: -'
tlB for years from
send free to
li l rwt inn A
LIT t'fii . 1 h . . -4...v4ia IV
v-'l'yP'e remedy br which
buaerert whing to ,rofit"l.j
Vertil.. ' i"""5 to iiront l the ad I
,"'MciiHriiinii)4K'.i . . 4 . . r
r 1 .1. ,
1 ' o
O - i... , O
J .Jv.- ! Ph (9 '-
'1- J S3 . ;
i - S if' M
. I H
' .3 V
fv ii "7fuec ' youthful ind
n?v?1, the recme and
COUNTY CONVENTION !
On Saturday, August 5th, -82.
. The Denioeralic Conny Convention
for . Rowan, will bo Iield at j tho Court
House I in Salisbury, , Saturday, August
5th, 1882, at 12 o'clock, 1L, for the pur
pose o nominating candidate as follows,
via : House of representatives. Clerk, of
the Superior Court Court, f Kegister of
Deeds,' County Treasurer, Skerif Coro
ner and County Surveyor. The Conven
tion will also recommend a candidate for
Senator for So wan and Davie: Counties.
This' Convention is called in pursuance
of a resolution passed by the Democratic
County Convention beld in Salisbury on
tli0 1st day of July. !
CF'All Democratic voters of the County
are requested to meet in Convention in
their respective Townships at the usual
voting precincts, on Saturday, July 2Dth
1832, at 12o'cZoci, M., for the; purpose of
eleicting delegates to County Convention,
and for electing Township Executive
Committees, each committee to consist of
fivp active .Democrats.
Eacli township shall be entitled to
cast in the County Convention one vote
for; every twenty -five Democratic votes,
and fractions of fifteen, as follows, to wit:
Salisbury 16, Franklin q, Unity 4,
Scotch Irish G, Mt Ulla 7, Locke C, Atwell
1V Lifakcr 6r Gold Hill 6, Morgan 3,
Providence 8. j
Each; township may send as many
delegates as it may see fit. I
' Ep"Tlie Township Exeeutiyo Commit
tees will also meet in Salisbury, August
5tl4 to elect a County Executive Com
mittee. . J. W. AlkuvEr.
I CVm. G. Ex. Com.
Salisbury, July 3d, 1382.
We C4agratulatethepeoTle of North Car-
olica on the era of peace,prosperity and good
government which has beenun broken since
the Incoming of a Democratic State adminis
tration; -upon the pure and impartial admin
istration of justice and Ihc honest enforce
ment of the laws ; upon the efficiency of our
common school system And great advance
ery ipaixoi me oiaie, ana we;pieage our
selves to exert all efforts toadvance the
material interests of all sections of the State
in the fata re as we have done in the past.
Anq we cnaiienge a comparison between a
Democratic administration of our State af
fairs and the crimes, outrages and scandals
that accompanied Republican misrule. Af-
nrmin? our aanerence to democratic nnn-
CIPJes M annea ,n the piauorm adopted
by the National Democratic Convention
held at Cincinnati, in 1880 : -
Retolaul That we regard a free and fair
expression oi tne pumic will at tne baiiot-
dox; as tne oniy sure means oi preserving
ouriireeiAmencan institutions, and we de
nouince the Republican party and the inter
r : i.r: r"j 1 c;-ir ii
icicuuo i iw icuerai uuicisis ior lueir gross
fradda upon the elective franchise, whereby
whle districts, States, and the; Union have
been deprived of their just political rights:
and we elieve the corrupt and corrupting
use; oi leaerai patronage, and; of public
money drawn by taxation from the people
la influencing and controlling elections, to
be dangerous to the liberties of the State
and; the Union. '
Itetolved, That we are in favor of the en
tire abolition of the , internal revenue sys
tem!, with its attendant corruptions, and
that we denounce the present tariff laws as
grossly unequal, unjust and vicious. We
favor such a revision of the tariff as will
produce a revenue sufficient for the econom
ical support of the government,: with such
incidental protection as will give to domes-
uc wauuiatmics a iair compeiiuon Willi
th64e offforeiim production.. That there
sbofild be an immediate repeal of all laws
imposing a direct tax for the support of
theKovernment of the United States, but if
it snouia prove impracticable to abolish
the internal revenue system with all its at
tending demoralization, fraud and corrup
tion, tnen we urge upon our Senators and
Representatives in Congress the importance
oi so amenamg tne .L.aw tnat tne revenue
ofnqer8 whonow receive in salaries in North
Carolina alone more than $500,000 shall be
elected bjTthe people of the localities to
which they are assigned. i
liesolved, That the course of ithe Demo
cratic party since its accession tb power in
North Carolina in furtherance of popular
ducation is a sufficient guaranty that we
earnestly favor the education of all classes
of our people, and that we will advocate any
legi$latiqn:lookingjto an increase of the fund
for that purpose that -will not j materially
increase the present burdens of our people.
Ifeqlved, That the question of prohibi
tion! is not now, and never has been, a par-
xy question m iiortii uaronna, ana never
beei endorsed by the Democratic party,
and jthe people of the State at the general
election, in the year 1881, having by ah
overwhelming majority-voted against pro
hibition, and the Supreme Court having
decided that the prohibition act is not and
never ha4 been a law, we regardilhe matter
as finally settled, and any attempt to re
new the agitation is merely a Weak effort
of designing persons to divert the minds of
the, people from the dangerous f principles
and corrupt practices of the Republican
party. '. ' A :: ; v.v :C
JioZj-That while we are not wedded
4 la i r ' - k . .
to anv uanicuiar jorm oi countv eovern
" T i . ""6"
uri4A Ar 1L4 oi.i. ... z .1 r
ucesot the state are paid tor!
. ., . i ' 1 1..
the dommon benefit by the white people of t;
our fastcw counties, ajjd that we consider
it the bounden duty of the white men of j
the State to protect these people irora the
oppressive domination of ignorant blacks,
and pledge ourselves to such legislature as
will secure this end.. J -...
' And whereas it is , seriously suggested
that vigorous effort; will soon be made to
compel the State by judicial proceedings,
to pay the fraudulent and Unlawful special
tax bonds, amounting to $22,000,000, issue
under legislation passed by the Republica
Legislature 1868 and 1869 j therefore
lietolved, further f That the Democratic
party will resist such recovery and the
payment of such bonds by every lawful
means. : - . - A -: 'p-i
, Tbjo above resolutions were read seriatim,
and en motion were Adopted as a whole as
the platform of the Democratic pariy of
North Carolina. CT S ' -r;f ; ' ; f i : l U i
; On motion of Mr. Furraan, the following
resolution was adopted: : r
A Iieoleed That the present faithful and
efficient State Executive Committee of the
Democratic party, with CoL-Oct. Coke as
chairman,' be and- is hereby continued aa
the executive committee of the party,
thanking them for the untiring zeal and
triumphant results of their past services.
Hon. A. S. Merrimon being called on, de
livered an address of marked ability, the
synopsis of which we regret we cannot print
in this issue. !
On his conclusion Mr. Paul B. Means
moved that the thanks of the convention
be tendered to Judge Merrimon by a rising
vote for his able, masterly, eloquent and
instructive address. 'I Which motion being
carried, all the members of the convention
rose' to their feet with a shout of applause
a compliment as handsome as it was deserv
ed. .1 " . - r
J. W. Reid, of Rockingham being called
on, made some handsome and eloquent re
marks. .Remarks were also made by .Hon.
Jos. J. Davis, Capt.1 Swift Galloway, of
Greene; Capt. C. M. Cooke, of Franklin ;
Andrew Joyner, of Pitt; F. G. Skinner, of
Perquimans; J. M. Gudger, of Yancey, and
W. Foster French, of Robeson, and after
the conclusion of his speech Mr. R. M. Fur
man moved to adjourn, s j
The Trouble in Egypt.
From Cincinnati Enquirer.
In so far as Turkey is concerned
the origin of the Egyptian trouble is
somewhat remote. We will go back
no further than 1841, when Mahemet
Ali was Viceroy of Egypt. At that
time Turkey held such sway that the
Sultan was able to impose conditions
which made Egypt little more than a
Turkish Province. The condition of
Egypt changed on the accession of
Ismael, who obtained semi-independence,
and had conferred upon him
the title of Khedive, which signifies
less than sovereignty, but more thanx
independence. For a money consid
eration, Ismael obtained a concession
from Turkey placing the right of in
heritance in his son, and the old Ot
toman law of colateral inheritane was
set aside. .
The next concession, in 1873, gave
Ismael the power "to contract, with
out any sanction from the Porte, for
eign loans in the name of the Egyp
tian Government," and the Khedive
was to make all laws and regulations
which he might at any time deem
necessary. Thereupon he went deep
ly into debt, England and France be
ing the principal creditors, and his
extravagance is the immediate cause
of the present trouble. During his
sovereignty English and French of
ficials, known as Comptrollers-Gen
eral, with a great many office-holders
under them, administered (he finances
of the country. In other words Egypt
being in debt, and having no means
of keeping herself was run by foreign
office-holders, representing the credi
tors. . '
On account of his financial troubles
rlsmael resigned on the 26th of June,
1879, and was succeeded by his eld
est son, Tewfik, the present Khedive.
M. Waddington, the French Foreign
Minister obtained a firman from the
Sultan of Turkey vesting in Tewfik
functions of Ismael. In viewof the
full powers conferred' on Ismael in
1873,'the necessity for this firman
has been doubted, but it was served,
probably to keep up the connection
of Turkey with Egyptian affairs, and
to weaken the Egyptian Government.
Turkey seems to be an important fac
tor in the Conference of Powers look
ing to the adjustment of Egyptian af
fairs. v J
The financial condition of Egypt has
not improved under Tewfik, and the
country is still overun by foreign office-holders,
who take charge of the
pnblic pocket-book. The popular re
volt against this state of affairs is led
by Arabi Pasha, the Egyptian Minis
ter of War, who has suddenly sprung
into prominence, and seems to be a
much stronger man than the Khedive.
A little more than a year ago Arab!
was only a Colonel jn the Egyptian
army, but he has been so aggressive,
and the . Khedive 'correspondingly
niAnL" 4 f i at JiA lino awmIav 9rrfv
' tun , iitiub lie uog uivuihi wrt-4 tuau I
...... ' . j ... . 1 . . I
auy Other mau iu Egypt. , He is the '
leader of a rebellion which is strong
er than the Govern ocent. : He has
the army at his back, and is so de
termined that nothingbat foreign in
tervention, and probibly war, "will
restrain him; He is tae head of the
party which desires ta'wrest the Gov
ernment from the bams of its credi
tors, and the EJivwWi; b
servient to England and other foreign
powers, is almost ' poarerless before
him.: :s't r.- r,i :iv
No 'material progress toward a peace?
able settlement seem id have ' been
made by the '"Conference of Powers,
and there is vital " objection to any
! arrangement which, would give -Tur-
Key renewed uoia oncJbgy pt, Uionga
France is said to be urging Germany
to use her influence with the Sultan
to effect the deposition of Arabi Pasha
as Egyptian Minister of War, and
the Sultan has disapproved of the
military preparations at Alexandria
against England and France. These
military preparations have placed
England in a decidedly hostile alti
tude, and a London dispatch of yes
terday said that the opening of hostil
ities was momentarily expected, j
Upon England, as things look now,
will devolve the main burden of pun
ishing the rebellious Egyptians. She
has the largest interest at stake Be
sides her direct interest in the finan
ces of Egypt, she must maintain her
self in the Suez Canal ; already the
obstruction of that important water
way has' been threatened as an inci
dent of the Egyptian complications.
WAR IK EGYPT.
ALEXANDRIA EVCUATED AND IV
Egyptian Troops Demoralized and Re-
treating to the Interior-- The Town
Fired by Released Convict and turn-
i ed over to Blunder -Massacre of
; More Europeans.
.London, July 13. The Telegraph
ship Chiftern, off Alexandria, July
13, 8:40 a. m. Alexandria has been
evacnated and is in flames. The
Telegraph ship Chiltero has been or
dered to take una position near the
In a telegram sent at 9:20 a. m.
Admiral Seymour confirms the report
of the evacuation of Alexandria. The
entire garrison witnurew under a nag
of truce, leaving the Bedouins to fire
and pillage the town. The Decoy
has gone to Port Said to ascertain the
state of affairs there.
ne .tteuters leiegrarn company
has received the following:
ALEXANDRIA, JUly 14. u:45 a.
m. The Egyptian army is greatly
demoralized and is in fall retreat to
ward the interior. The .European
quarter of the town, including the
Exchange and Telegraph office, is ut
terly destroyed. The city was set pn
fire by released convicts who commit
ted horrible atrocities. , The Egyp
tians used a flag of truce to enable
the troops to withdraw from the town.
The Telegraph ship Chi Item is crowd
ed with survivors who fought their
way to the beach whence the boats, of
the fleet removed them. They report
having passed a dreadful! night, de
fending themselves desperately. One
hundred Europeans and other Chris
tians in the Ottoman bank and ad
joining building were massacred. A
part of the fleet are now leaving for
Port Said. The whereabouts of th
Khedive is unknown. M
London, July 1311:30 a. m. A
correspondent of the Standard on
board the Invincible, telegrapingr at
8 o'clock this morning, says the whole
civil population and troops have been
withdrawn. The whole) of Grand
Square is burned. The' Helicon,
which went to discover the meaning
of the last flag of truce last evening,
could discover nobody on 1 board 5 the
Egyptian vessel, Mahrousa, or in the
arsenal.; The correspondent accom
panied the officer ; to shore in the
steam pinnace, purveyor of the fleet,
who wad one of the party and was
well acquainted with the town, land
ed and proceeded a considerable dis
tance. All was perfectly quiet ex
cept the roar of the flames. It is be
lieved Arabi Pasha has concentrated
u rr, maintain order ami on tne
Ills luruus UcVUlIU H1C UIIY' IU lIlUC
" wuuu tMC V"J . v 1 .
su auvuucc, wofc o
the ships is now over, and any j fur?
ther action must be ashore. Full v
half of 'the town is burning. There
will be a landing in force to 1 investi
gate the condition of things and if
possible render aid. . . - Kk
: London, July 13.r A dispatch to
the Daily News, dated Alexandria
8:20 a. mM says the - .Bedouins are
looting by tho thousands. !" :
; A dispatch to the Standard, dated
9:32 a. m, gays the , Earopeans, who
fonght their way down to the beach,
number a hundred. They report all
other Europeans and Christians, num
bering hundreds, massacred. ; ;
i 12:30 p. m, The reserve squadron
arrived at Portland at 4 o'clock; this:
morning. The Daily. News says it is
understood that the conference has
decided that the Egyptian army shall
be disbanded and replaced by Gen.
, 1 p. m.: The British authorities
are chartering a number of vessels to
day for the conveyance of munitions
to Alexandria. Five thousand mules
have been purchased in Spain.
Alexandria, July 13. Chiltern
has moved into the harbor. The fire
in the city is steadily increasing. It
is reported that the Arabi Pasha is
marching on to Cairo. -
London, July-13.-1:30 p. m.
Admiral Seymour telegraphs at 10:40
this morning: "The terms were the
surrender of the forts as at first de
manded. The use made of the flag
of truce by the Egyptians is consider
ed disgraceful. Northing is -known
of the Khedive, but it is believed he
is 'still at Ramleh Palace, where his
yacht is apparently waiting until the
weather will allow his embarkation."
. TWO MILES OF HOUSES ON FIRE
AND NO WATER.
Marines Take Possession of the City aud
Slioot Looters Down in tJts Streets The
Khedive Issues a Proclamation Two
Thousand People Masaered in tie Biots.
London, July 14. A dispatch to
the Reuters Telegram from Constan
tinople says Masdrus Pasha, the Tur
kish Embassador at London, has tel-
g rap lied to the Porte that Earl Gran
ville has informed him that England
is compelled to proceed vigorously
against the Egyptian rebels, but that
the sovereign rights of the Sultan will
be in no way prejudiced thereby.
A dispatch to the News from Alex
andria says the number oi persons
massacred by the mob is estimated at
Admiral Sevmour telegraphs : "I
have occupied Ras El Tin palace with
Marines and spiked the guns in six
batteries opposite. The city is still
burning, but I am clearing the streets.
The Khedive is safe in the palace
which is garrisoned by 700 Marines."
Off Alexandria, July 14. The fire
ing heard in Alexandria yesterday
was by Marines and sailors, who were
dispersing the plunderers with Gat;
liner gnus. The small detachment
first landed had to wait for reinforce
ments before they were able to push
to the centre of town. There was
some short sharn fighting. No water
could be obtained owing to the stop
page of the works. There are some
French ladies among the fugitives
rescued yesterday, also an Egyptian
prefect of police, who succeeded the
instigator of massacre in Alexandria
on the 11th of June. There are not
enough sailors and Maries to occupy
all ; the streets of the city.
-London, July 14. A dispatch to
Renter Telegram company from
Alexandria says : Some field pieces,
were landed with Marines at Ras El
Tin fort. The Khedive's Ras Et Tin
palace was looted shortly before Ma-
rinos arrived. A whole battalion of
m m mm nr m -
Arabs was blown up in one fort du
ring the bombardment."
A rlisnatrih to the News dated off
Alexandria, July 14th, 4 a. m., says
the fire in Alexandria is still nigiug.
There are at least two miles of houses
burning. More than a tnird ot tne
city it appears has been fired.
London, July 14, 2 p. m. A dis
patch to the Standard, dated Alexan
dria 9:30 a. m., says explosions oc
casionally occur in the city. A procla
mation in Arabic is being prepared
in tne .tvneaives uauic
v 1 . ,.,.1 rp, Vt. - m:,i.
Dervish Pasha; and some of the min
isters, and' the Khedive's harem has
arrived aboard a vessel in the harbor.
About , 500 loyal troops follow the
Khedive. It is stated that Arabi
Pasha has only four thousand very
much disorganized troops. Two hun
dred marines have been ordered to
inarch through town ? and shoot all
persons rioting, i :.e.! . i -
London, 3 p. m. In the Hbnse of
Commons this afternoon Gladstone
stated thai Consul A CartwrightT had
telegraphed that ibe Khedive had se
cured the loyalty of the cavalry and
infantry ; guards sent to watch him,
and would -summon the leading
Pashaand endeavor 4to re-establish
order in Alexandria.
The Dan&rerons Tendencies and
Principles of . the Republican
(From Judge Morrlmon'a Speech Before Stale
' Convention.) .
Raleigh News-ObserTer's Report,
A due observance of the organic
law and a just and faithful adminis
tration of government are matters of
the highest moment to the citizen,
and yet in times of peace we are for
the most part indifferent to their ob- j
servance. We feel do pressure en
us to regard them, and as long as
peace prevails and there is nothing
o shock the sense of the country and
arouse the people, tnev nut oft the
consideration of these questions from
time to time. This was wrong. We
must always seek to preserve and
perpetuate free government. There is
no greater . truism than that eternal
vigilance is the price of liberty. It
ought to be inculcated that men
should regard it as a sort of religious
duty to uphold the fundamental sys
tem of their government. Our gov
ernment was worthy of being per
petuated, of being handed down to
the remotest generations. It was a
system consistent with the highest
liberty and greatest. happiness of the
people and permitting the fullest
development of individual prosperity.
One of the chief reasons why be op
posed the Republican party was, the.
foundation principles of that party
looked to the overthrow of our sys
tem of government by concentration
of ail governmental powers in one
head. It sought to centralize the
powers of government in the hands
of Federal officers. To the Federal
government had been committed cer
tain well known functions relating to
such affairs as affected the common
interest of all the States. The local
affairs of the State, more nearly affec
ting the happiness of the citizen, were
particularly retained in the State
governments. But the Republican
party sought by gradual approaches to
abolish the State governments, to
render them useless, to wipe them out
of existence, and invest all power,
the power of administering our do
mestic concerns as well as inter State
matters, in the Federal government.
This unnatural adsorption of the
rights of the States was going on
continually. Unless cnecked it would
inevitably .result in the absolute an
nihilation of the State governments.
The result would be the establishment
of an empire in America, and an em
pire means despotism! The practices
of the Republican party all tend to !
that end. They lead to
No barrier is sufficient to check their
progress. Laws that stand in their
way are broken or repealed. The
constitution they disregard entirely
whenever its provisions are an ob
stacle to the attainment of their pur
pose. They bend and twist it to meet
the exigency of any case, and if need
be they ride roughshod over the
plainest provisious. ?During the war
when there was much excitement and
danger, and the pubjic miud was
easily influenced to excuse all things
because of the. necessities of the case,
the .Republican party began this prac- j
tice, and since the establishment of j
peace they ; have not departed from
it. Nothing stands in! the way of the
attainment of their J purpose. Asa
means to this end they have sought
. 1 !i r x
to make tne -ueaerai uovernmeni
dominating arid 'Controlling, and to
dwarf the State : government,
they have created a Y asningiona
magnificient government with. a host
of officials sustained from the Feder-
- - - - "VWWHiBI v
al Treasury, administered v with great
extravagance and profusion of money,
increasing its functions and , extend- ' )
ing its powers and influence' far be- f '
yond - the Jegitmate purposes of its I
creation. Their vast outlay of public 7
moneys for pother tha4:,necessa'r)r, uses !
finds no parallel in thVhistory of tho ':
world. And to the same end they !
have erected large corporations with '
dominating influences controlling tho .
actioo of public men shaping legisla ;
tidn, affecting public affairs and guid
ng jthe destiny ot liticaj parties.'
They have suteidized a j part of the i .
press, and b the lavish use of publio ,
moneys have stifled many voices that '
might otherwise b,raised in behalf of
liberty. ' ; ' V--' ''' , , :
How different Jiaa been the prac
tice of the Democratic party ! In one
year, when we had control of the !
House of Representatives, we forced !
a reduction of expenses of $40,000,
000. And the next year of ten more
millions, and so on, as long as we had
the power. And so it happened that
because of the retrenchment which a
Democratic Congress secured and
maintained, there arose a surplus of
funds in the Treasury which has since
enabled us to pay off so rapidly our
national debt. And yet, when by
mal-ad venture the-Rpublicans gain
ed possession of the House at the
present Congress, and by a corrupt
hargain with Mahone obtained con
trol of the Senate, they at once began
again all manner of schemes to expend
the public money for the benefit and
welfare of their party, without" regard
to the rights of the people.
We see, then, where we are drift
ing. We see what the course and
practice ef the Republican party is;
and what is its ultimate aim and '
purpose, and the several means it
employs to-debauch public sentimetff!
and allay antagonism on the part of
the people. But will the people not
awake to a realization of the danger ?
The question, in, whether we shall,
without a struggle,, allow this grad- -
ual aarjping oi our institutions, the '
overthrow of ouc State (governments
and the enlargement of the Federal ;
Government unti) the-spirit of liber
ty shall depart and! our free institu
tions be merged into a consolidated
empire ? Let me rsnund you that
one night republican! France slept-
in the morning people awoke 'to findi
that an empire had been established..
What They Knew FourThousand.
The Popular Science 3mfftly for
June publishes abstracts from- the ad
dress of Chief Justice DalyBcJbre the
Geographical Society, in which "ho -says
- "From one of these books, compiled
after the manner of our modern encyc
lopsediasind the compilation of whicfi
is shown to have been more than 2,
000 years B. C, it has bsen ascertain
ed,' what has long been supposed, that
Chaldea was the parent land of as
tronomy ; for it was found, from this
Compilation and from other bricks, -that
the Babylonians catalogued the
stars, and distinguised and named the
constellations ; that they arranged the
twelve constellations that form our
present zodiac to show the course' of
the sun's path in the heavens; divid
ed time into weeks, months and years;
that they divided the week, as we
how havejt, into seven days, six be
ing days of labor and the seventh a :
day of rest, to which they gave a I
name from which we derived our
word "sabbath," and which day as-a
day of rest from all labor of every-.
the Jew or the Puritan. Ihe motion
nauvf s-v vr r m lw4wuos w imj
'of. the heavenly bodies and the phe
nomena of the weather were! noted
down, and a connection, as I have be- :
fore stated, detected, as M. de Per-
yille claims to have discovered, be--
tween the weather and the changes of
the moon. They invented tie sun
dial to mark the movements iof the ,
heavenly bodies, the water clock to
measure time, and they speak in this,
work of the spots on the sun, arfact
they could only have known py the
aid of telescopes, which it is supposed
they possessed, from observations that
they have noted down of the rising of
Venus and the fact that Layard found
a crystal lens in the ruinsof Npncvch.
These "bricks" contain ah account of
the Deluge, substantially the same as
the narrative in the Bible, except the j
liiu uauics sic iiiucicui. JLiicv uis-
close that houses and land were
sold, leased, and morfgaged, that
money was loaned at interestjand
that the market gardeners, to iuse an
American phrase, "worked on shares,"
that the tarmer, wliii plowing with
his oxen, beguiled his labor? with
., , . - . p y .
snort autt uomejy.eougs, iwo oii wiii.cu
have been found, and coiuitct thia
very remote civilization with ti c us-
ages of to-day.
- J 4:i..