SALISBURY. H. C, SEPTELIBER; 14, .1882.
r: ' lIlO- ii - .rn Trfv Dn.7rh i,'-. ; m 4ra.--ry . .. ...
-fir.-'' - i
!AoTnT,tsilEI) IN TIIE YEAU 1832.
, r PRICE, $1.50 IN ADVANCE.
i That terrpe spurge 'l.
producea.Of nu.r'- . -d ; the llt.
J.RB0DE8 BRO-$, Pj-est: Wm. C. COAKT, SeCy.
tAHomeppaip any, Seeking
lr Hoie Patronage.
Term Ipotics written on Dwellings.
Prcmiiiims U;ivalle Unc-hall casii anci uai
tude in twelv'iuonths.
J. IALLEN BROWN, Acrt.,
21:6ra U- ' SaUnbory, N. C
MIIEIBEIM'HE DEAD !
. i '.' '
IN THE PRICKS OF
Harth Mcfixiinciits and Grave-Stones of
K "' Jver -Description. ;
I cordiivii invito the public generally
.to an iD8PiJioB of n(y Stock and .Work,
l feel instiled in aaaertine that mv nnsf.
exiwueace under first-class wurkiuea is
me. uexjstiana modem styles, and
Uat ,the wffkuiai$hii is equal to any of
JJe beat ii the country. 1 iTo not a
that my Avfk is superior to nil other. 1
reasouable,HviU not exaggerate in or
tp accojplisli a,sale. My endeavor is
to please aaii give each enstoufer the val-
Oe of everylilbiiar they leavfe with me.
EICES 3ftb 50 Per Cent CHEAPEH
. than evef offered, in this town before.
at oncMor send for price list and de
igtis, batisf&ctUjn guarant'dor 110 charge.
I the erecffiin nf iiPt.i ; i.. . i.
'r 1 i uio ia 111c niog 1 Jul IV
pay to the memory
SalisbniN. C!. Nov. 1, 1881. c
I j IfliUPIiES. .
mail ffreeV'lhe rnine fnr a ctmr.TA XTm-
Table BaljI that will remove Tan,- Fkecjcxes 1
r tV Ihu at!, a A ' '
. na iJLOTCHm leaving the skin soft. '
r ruiooi 11 i:ie : iHUn.o i....i.,;., . o
rew-ini toBinuScstiimt. 1
N ' I 8TOHACH
producea Of pu. t;d bV the e of
birth eradiea an.l j,;,rt.iy vege-
w for manj
ff -r------ .-
i i , '
m Jr ' :
o C: J.-P5 - . O
if At S .
9 f l i 1 . ; ....
We conjrat61atethepeople of North Car
olina on me era pi peace,prosperity and good
government which has beenuh broken since
the incoming of a Democratic State adminis
tration; upon the pure and impartial admin
istration of justice and the honest enforce
ment of the law ; ipon the efficiency of our
common school system and great advance
made in education, and the general im
provement and enterprise manifested in ev
ery partiif the State, and we. pledge our
selves to exert all efforts to advance the
material interests of all sections of the State
in the future as we have done in the past.
And we challenge a comparison between a
Democratic administration of our State; af
fairs and the crimes, outrages and-scandals
that accompanied Republican misrule. Af
firming our adherence to Democratic prin
ciples, as defined in the . platform adopted,
by the National Democratic Convention
held at Cincinnati, in 1880: V
JfcWcKZ,' That we regard a' free and fair
expression -of the public will at the , ballot
box as the! only sure means of 1 preserving
our free American institutions, and we de
nounce the; Republicanparty and theinter-
ierence ot ts tecleral officials for their gross
irauas upon tne elective tranchise, whereby
whole districts. States, and the Union have
been deprived tf their just political rishts:
and we believe the corrupt and corrupting
use 01 leuerai patronage, and f:qr, public
money drawn by taxation from the4 eople
in influencing and controlling elections to
be dangerous to the liberties of the State
and the Union. - - ; 1 1 s
Rcmlved That we are in favor of the en
tire abolition of the internal revenue sys
tem, with j its "attendant corruptions, and
that we denounce the present tariff laws as
grossly unequal, unjust and vicious. We
favor such! a revision of the tariff as will
produce a revenue sufficient for the econom
ical support of the government, With such
incidental protection as will give to domes
tic manufactures a fair competition with
those of foreign production. That there
should bean immediate repeal of all laws
imposing a direct tax for the support ot
the government of the United States, but if
it should prove impracticable to abolish
the internal revenue system with all its at
tending demoralization, fraud aod corrup
tion, then we urge upon our Senators and
Representatives in Congress the importance
of so amending the Law that the revenue
officers wlionovv receive in salaries in North
Carolina alone more than $500,000 shall be
elected byj the people of the idealities to
which they are assigned.
Jeo?ee4 -T!iat t he course bf the Demo
cratic pry since its accession to power in
North Carolina in furtherance of popular
educationjis a sufficient guaranty that we
earnestly favor the education ofl all classes
of our people, and that we will advocate any
legislation lookiug'to an increase of.the fund
for that purpose that will not f materially
iwrease the present burdens of pur people.
liesohed, That the question of pnthibi
tion is not now, and never has been, a par
ty question in North Carolina, and never
been endorsed by the Democratic party,
and the people of the State at the general
election, in Hheyear 18S1 having by an
overwhelming' majority voted against pro
hibition, and the Supreme - Court having
decided that the prohibition act is not and
never has been a taw, we regard the matter
as finally settled, and any attempt to re
new the agitation is merely a weak effort
of designing persons to divert the minds of
the people from the dangerous! principles
and corrupt practices of the Republican
party- ' - l
Itemized, That while we are not wedded
to any particular form of county govern
incnt, we recognize the fact that a large
part of the taxes of.the State are paid for
the common benefit by the white people of
our eastern counties, and that we consider
it the bounden duty of the white men of
the State to protect these people from the
oppressive domination of ignorant blacks,
and pledge ourselves to such legislature as
will secure this end.
And whereas it is seriously ! suggested
that vigorous effort will soon be made to
compel the State by judicial proceedings,
to pay the; fraudulent and unlawful special
tasr bonds amounting to $22,000,000, issued
under legislation passed by the Republican
Legislature 1868 and 1869; therefore '
. Iiewlcett, further, That the Democratic
party will? resist such recovery and the
payment of such bonds by every lawful
means.-, I ' ' : ' . ,
The above resolutions were read seriatim.
and on motion were adopted as a whole as
the platform of the' Democratic party of
North Carolina. - j
On motion of Mr. Furraan, the following
rrcscrt utiort w as adopted : I :
lieitolied,. That the -present faithful and
efficient State Executive Committee of the
Democratic party, with Col. Oct. Coke as
chairmanj be and is Jiereby continued as
the executive committee f the party,
thanking j them .for the untiring zeal and
triumphant results of their past services.
Hon. AS.3Ierrimon being called on, de
livered, an address of msrked ability the
synopsis of which nve regret we cannot print
in t.his issne.., ; '.'
On his Jcbnclusion Mr. Paul B. Means
moved that the thanks of the convention
be tendered to Judge Merrimon b a rising
vote for his able., masterly, 'eloquent and
instructive address. Which motion ; being
carried, all the members of the! convention
rose to their feet with a shout of applause
a compliment as handsome as it was deserv
ed. ; v-'l-'i'r.:.-;t.i..;.i
; J. W. Reid, of Rockingham being called
on, made some handsome and eloquent re
marks. Remarks were also made by Hon.
Jos. J. Davis, Capt. ; Swift Galloway, of
Greene ; Capt. C. M. Cooke, of j Franklin ;
Andrew Joyner, of Pitt ; F; G; ! Skinner, of
Perquimans; J. MJ Gudger, of Yancey, and
W. Fostef- French, of Robeson, and after
the conclusion of his speech Mr.- R. M Fur-
man moved to adjourn.
beral and Republican conven-
which assembled in :Yadkinyille ou
the 30th to , the great dissatisfaction of
the Republican , party of Yadkin county
nominated Dr. Tyre York, of iVilkes, for
Cougress, and . Mr. J . D 0laf of the
same county,' for Solicitor. The straight
out Republicans entered their protest
when it came to endorsiri&ri Dr. York.
Some of the" counties left the convention
and did; not answer when their couutf
ran tne convention.
The samb delegates
conventions, t Winston
For the Watchman. ! 3 - . 4
: OUIl CHILD KEN. , J ,
i " " ' " " I, " : ,
BI N. D. G. I - -
Precious little hands and feet, -
Ever near, oar wants to meet; ...
Laughing black eyes, eyes of bine .
Shaded with soft, pensive line ;
Eager voices toned to gladness,
j Winning older hearts from sadness;
Sent to brighten life to us, i
Shall we change f be less joyous f
Most we faint and weary grow, r
Treading ways of pain and woe T
; Wear the tearfnl aching gaze
: Ever turned to children's days.
A. Learn our tones of doubt and sorrow
Breathing fears for each to-morrow ;
Little ones) Oycan it Leih
Y6a life's darkeu'd days must see f
Lightly sporting 'mid the. flowers, '
Knowing now but golden, hoars, ;
' Finding cliarms in earth and sky, '
That we piss nubeeding by. ? ?
Blending sweet with playful fancies,
Giving earnest, loving glances,
Happy children, cau it bo
Yon the darkened days shall see f
Purer thoughts than oars yon breathe,
Augers pleasures roundjyou wreathe
Nearer you to heaven than we,
Nearer it& blest epmpauy
Ou your brow its brightness lingers,
Yet uu touched by sorrow's fingers.
- Darlings, can it,- must it be,
You our darker days mast see f
" '". 1 " '.'-'" ''-'' r '
Savior, these to. Thee we bring,
To be sheltered 'neath Thy wiug; .
By the loye that brought Thee down
From Thy kingdom and Thy crown.
By the tender ties how given, . ,
Precious souls to link to Heaven,
Draw our children, Lord,1 to Thee,
Ere the darker days they see Y
Gently lead them in the way
Ending in Thy perfect day j
Teach their infant lips the song,
Sung Thy angel choirs among ;
Then, within thy holy keeping.
Saved from sin, from saddest weep-
ins, . ;' : j:- .: I -
These our lov'd ones, blest must be,
Blest forever, Lord, with Thee.
For the Watchman.
! Canst Thon by Searching Find Ont
j God f Job, 11:7.
! BY JENNIK JOKES.
1 God in eternal glory dwelt,
Ere earth's revolting mass,
. Iii living grandeur oVr it felt,
The Holy Spirit press, ( .
His hand this world with goodness
crow ued, ;
When early time begau,
While all the morning stars around
Creation's order saug. i
x - . j
He smiles upon tlie flowers that grow,
Beneath the torrid rays ;
And those that skirt Libertan snows
Wliere ragiug Boreas plays.
He saw the flaming chariot high,
The Hebrew prophet bear ;
The fiery steeds ascend the sky
Aud beat the trembling air.
He bade Elijah share his love,
With those who never, fell ; ,
. And in those azure heights above
With kings and priests to dwell.
. He fills the bonndless realms of space
Where worlds unnumbered roll;
Yet sheds the blessing of his grace
On every humble soul, j
.His glorious works exteud afar,
In regions dark serene,
Beyond the farthest twinkling star
By optic glasses seeii. -
Here wonders grand he will display
Eternal ages o'er ;
Beyond the dreadful Judgment Day,
When time shall be no mora.
: Shylock. !
The Cincinnati Enquirtr man Itelieving
that Shy lock would appear to better ad
vantage if represented iu the hiore forci
ble language of the periMl, renders his
address to Antonio as follows : 1 ;
Signor Antonio, many a time and oft '
In der Rialtb yon liaf abased me
Aboud mine moneys, nud said dot '
I took more inderest in a y ear
Den der principal vas come to!
Stilt haf I borne all doso mit
A. patient shmg; f- t
For, vat you call it T , Sufferance t
Vas der bagde of all our tribe. :
Yoa call me bad names v
Misbeliever, cut-throat, son of a gun,f
Cheep Shon, and so on ;
Veil, den, it vas now appeared
Dot joa need mine halp ! J j
Yon come to me, nnd yoa said : -
"Mr. Shy lock, old poy? I vould
Like to borrow dreo dousand ducats ;
Till next Saturday l ! You said so ; r
You, dot haf booted me
Two, dree, six, several dimes .
Und spurn'd nie from your threshold ' ,
Like a dog ! Moneys' is your suit, den t
By goodness, you haf morte cheek j ;
;A8 a book agent fShoqld I poj said ; '
Haf a dog monef ; .
Do a son avagnn ,; i , y ;
Keep a' pank ackound 1 j '..i.
Didn't it been impossibility j C -Dot
a cur shonld lend yoa '
Dree dousan ducantsT Oir, ' '
Shall I bend lpw, aud in a bondsman's key
Mid bated br rath und vbispered humble
,ness, , r K ,- : I ,J.. ;
Said this: j : f t , .j ;
Fair sir, yoa spit on me on Vednesday last
Yon Spurn'd jme Thursday, -. ;
Ou Friday you told me to vipe
Mine shin off,! i .
Anudder dime yoa call me : '
Old Stick-in-der-mnd ; : (
Und now, for dose dings, 1
I lend you -a fife cent nickel,
Und took a mortgage
Ou your old paid head I I
"The Lights &tftl6me ;
--' ? ' ...!' I "
1 - r . .
In many n village wiudow burn,
The veuing lamps, j
Tliey shine amid the dews and damps,
Those ilights of home ! I
Afar the wauderer sees them glow,
Now night is near;
They gild his path with radiance clear,
Sweet lights of home.
Ye lode-stars tliat forever draw
The weary heart,
In stranger lands or crowded mart ;
Oh ! lights of home. j
When my brief day of life is o'er,
Then may I see, J
Shine frorue the heavenly house for me
Dear lights of home. i
-r7. 7. King.
AIlss Molly and Topsy.
Two Extremely Humanized Young Persons
-1 Come Here to Die of Colds.
New York Sun.
The bark Liberia, front Sierra Leone,
arrived in this port ou Thursday. Be
sides her legular cargo she hind 011 board
a leopard.Sa large number of gray parrots
and two chimpanzee. The moukeys
are rare here, not more than eight having
been lauded iu this country, j These two
are females aud young, though the laiger
is three feet tall. The other is a baby,
aud seems to know her name, Molly. She
is playful and affectionate, but her fellow-voyager,
Topsy, has some ugly
The appearance and behavior of the
two monkeys in the rear room of Mr.
Reiche's store,nt 55 Chatham street, seem
ed to justify the Darwinian theory. The
two auimals look as though they might j
represent the "missing liuk' The hair
on their bodies is jet black, but that ou
their almost human faces is of a some-j
what lighter shade. Their eyes are hazel,
aud have the light of intelligence in them,
aud a great beauty aud glory about them,
distinguishing them from all other mou
keys, is that neither. of them has even a
suspicion of a tail. ,
It was not thought advisable to leave
them loiig together, and they were placed
in separate compartments after Topsy
had outraged propriety by taking forci
ble possession of her sister's meal, aud
gorgiug; hersejf with two dinners. To
each was given a blanket, and the little
one, as well as the big, rolled herself up
in it and went to sleep. Molly was soon
awake, and clamorous for more food. A
banana was given to her, and she ate it
slowly and cvideutly drew no additional
relish from the feast by watching the
efforts of Topsy to conceal her extremely
human and feminiue jealonsyV The feast
ended, Molly wiped her mouth and her
fingers with a napkin. j .
MolIy, Molly, come out aud hug me,"
said a man who had been instructed by
thojeaptain of the bark, and the monkey
came out, hugged himaffectioitally, whim
pered like a child, aud, while holding
him around the ueck with one arm, in
serted the other np to the elbow in his
breast pocket in search of auother banana.
Both chimpanzees are exceeding clean
and when ; ay dirt got ou : their hands
they rubbed ft off witlrgfeal care. They
were bought yesterday for the Philadel
phia Zoological Gardens, and started for
their new home at once. They are healthy
at present, but this cliuiate has proved
destructive to the chimpanzees brought
over heretofore. They catch cold in the
winter, inflamation of the lungs follows,
and their days ou earth are numbered.
In Their Tent.
. Few men ever liad a grizzly bear tread
on their legs and live to tell the story.
Yet, according to an English member of
parliament, who made a sporting tour
through the West, this actually happened
to a hunter named Bennett, j He and his
two partners were trapping in the Rocky
mountains. - Haviug seen red a number of
of pelts one of the men went to the near
est trading post to sell them and bring
back necessary stores, j; j
" Two or threeuights after his depar
ture the bear took a quantity of meat.
Thinking that the animal . would proba
bly return to seek for more spoil they set
a trap. , nan an antelope carcass was
pinned to the ground, a' string stretched
aroqnd jtand fastened, to the trigger of n
The Only Really
W I f.L (Xr
OF PALACE, SLEEPING, STOCK, FLAT AND BAGGAGE CARS, ALL
i NEW. ALL ITS OWN.
' Do not be led astray bv the DECEPTION practiced by SMALL SHOWS, who may endeavor to impose on you. It will pay vou 1
v twenty times over tojwait the coming of the Big Show. -
WHAT YOU CAH SEE OH THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2 1ST.
I Two Miles of Street Displav. 200 Male and Female Artists. Herd of Assiutic and India Elephants.'
Two handsomest Women of England and America. Many Great Golden Chariots. Xerxes Great Iidian -
War Elephant, the Urgest animal in captivity. Great Japanese Circus. Ten Great Clowns. 20 Bareback Riders.
14 Wonderful Arabian AtlUcts. 100 Trained Musicians. Jrove of Dromedaries. 100 Cages of Rare Wild .
' Animals 10 Female Hurdle Riders. Six Great Band. 14 Trained Kentucky Thoroughbred Horses.
Steam Locomotive Band. 1,000 Men, Women, Childrcnand Horses with the Big Show. Troupe of Gymnasts.
! ' And countless First-time Fcitures too numerous to mention here. - .
1 It is worth more to see ths Graad Spectacular Free Street Pageant in the forenoon than it is to sec the inside and mitside of any
bther Show iu America. You may not, in a life time, have an equal opportunity of witnessing a procession so varied and
jtttiactivc.t Tick3t to th9 Great Shows costs tut the sams small prico paid th9 ornary tent shows.
I WILL ALSO EXHIBIT AT STATESVILLE WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 20TH. LEXINGTON MONDAY, SEPT. 23TII.
CONCORD TUESDAY, SEPT, 26TH.
loaded rifle pointed at the bait.
Some time in the night the two hunters,
who were sleeping in their tent, were
awoke by the discharge of the rifles On
goiug outside they found the cub j of a
grizzly bear lying dead. Resetting the
trapp they foolishly pulled the dead cub
inside of their tent, aud turned in again.
It was not long before they were aroused
by the she-bear, who had followed the
scent to the teut, aud had found its cb
dead. Her distress was great. She fon
dledl the dead body, licked it and whined
over it. The hunters scarcely dared
breathe, much less stir, though the bear
in her movements trod on their legs aud
feetj When she left the tent they franti
cally climbed the nearest tree. She soou
returned and remained so long that the
men, whose only clothing was their shirts
andj the night being bitterly eold, were
nearly frozen. When sli3 again retired
thejj' descended, lighted a fire, declaring
thai they wouldn't freeze to death for all
the bears iu the the mountain. Fortu
nately bear did not visit the camp again.
A New Disease. )
Mrs. Mose Schumburg is a very candid
woman. There were several lady friends
from Galveston at the house a few days
agol Mose was not present being down
at the store.
How is your husband's pishncss conv
ing'ou !" asked oue of the visitors.
Notsogootas I vauts. Every once
in a vile he gets one of his honest spells,
and theu we hardly make exspeushes.
Yo don't know how pad I feels veii Mose
sets one of dose honest spells." 'Texas
Another Republican gone astray. The
superintendent of the poor house in; Phil
adelphia stole $125,000 in oue year, aud
drew promissory notes to the amount xf
$250,000, to cover old thefts. Major
Phipps is his name, and he was a regnlar
Pennsylvania Republican saint. Acirs &
A well iwsted correspondent from Da
vidson says: The prospects for the
Democracy in Davidson have never been
so rood since the- war." Leach's defec- , Terms ot sale: or personal , properiy,
. ta . . . . -; . ' 'leash For the land, one-half casht and the
tion has put the Democrats at his home . JjJJj, hlfron ft credit of twdvel months
on their mettle. Let the ball roll on. J jtJl iateret. Geo. IL Pcelcr.- .
AV d Observer,
BIG SHOW Cominq, .
EGJPTJAN CABI7AN UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION OF UYINfi WONBEBSL
The ouly Aggregation of
visit yonr vicinity in 1882. Will Exhibit in
SALISBURY OH THURSDAY SEPTEHBER, 2 1 ST;
The management of S. II. Barrett & Co's., New United Monster Railroad Shows will
donate $ 1000 to any charity public or private, the Sheriff of the County may designee if,
any other show advertised to appear in Salisbury arrives on its own Cars. Will also
donate as above $1000 if S. II. Barrett & Co's., Shows docs not arrive on its own Spe
cial Trains.. " '
CHARLOTTE. N. C.
Branch of LUD.DEN & DATE 3.
Grand Midsummer iSale.
Preparing far Tall Trade.
Buy doi & pay when Cotton comes ii
200 Pianos and 500 Organs.
tUnder our Midsummer Sale, we oner
to sell during the months of JUNE, JULY,
AUGUST and SEPTEMBER, 1882,
PIANOS and ORGANS, of every make,
style & price, at our very lowest cash rates:
On Pianos $25 Cash Balance Nov. 1, '82.
On Organs $25 Cash, Balance Nov. 1, '82.
Without interest or any advance on price.
gflt balance can t be paid in the fall,
lonjrer time will be given, with a reasonable
increase of price. All instruments of every
trrade and nrice included in this sale. Tell
voar musical friends of it. Write us fori
Catalogues, Price Lists Circulars. This sale
closes October 1st, 1882. Early purchase
secures casn prices and easy terms,
Six (6) years gurantee. Stool and instruc
tor with every Organ. Freight paid both
ways if no sale. Test them in your own
McSlHTH MUSIC BOUSE.
tSPProf. Wm. Baker isTuyonlj authorized
Tuner and Repairer. All work guaranted.
Send orders to this House.
3o:3m II. McSMITII. .
FARM AUD FARM PROPERTY
Havincr become rather aged to do farm
work I have concluded to sell
tion. stock, wheat, oats, hay, cattle,
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 8th, 1882.
The farm is eight miles East of Salisbury,
on both sides of Crane Creek. Has on it a
Corn Mill, arid Cotton Gin and Press, all
new and in good order. There are about
i.nn niMfs f land, a rood deal of it excel-
1 lent bottom, and a good meadow. There
: .... . I mmI .nnla n.fKapl o I rri U 1
dwelling house and superior barn. All the
buildings are in good order. Will also sell
household and kitchen furniture, &c
r - ff I 1 . m . ... . ,.'. ..
gepfc S3.. ) '
. - -
Great Exhibitions that wiU !
THE NORTH STATE
LIFE AND NUPTIAL
SALISBURY NORTH CAROLINA.
Chartered under the Laws of North
J. D. McNEELY,.... President.
v. T. LI STON. ... Vlce-Pres't and Jenl Manager.
THKO. Bl'KKBAU.NL- Secretary.'
J. SAMUEL McCUBBIXS,... Treasurer.
Dr. JOHN WHITEHEAD. 1.... Medical Director.
Hon. J. 8. HENDERSON,... ...Legal Adviser.
Refer to the Bank and business men of
Salisbury. Reliable and energetic travel
ing agents wanted everywhere. -
Foil planSr-tcrms to-agents, bianks, and
any information whatever, addrcsi the
Secretary. J ALLEN BROWN, LocaLAgcut, Sali.
bury, N. C. ,
Raleigh News & Olwerver and Wilming
ton Star, copy for one month and send
bilHo thb Ofnec.
Btrr ern morre rs '
InuliU pmUnttd iMrtmtntt fnnd im ma iAmt
UfOiMES im tkt war,
'or Ptmnhlsfi 9vA Mm
i. " !;
iM.niio tor pw ail.LHi. i
X m TV .mm
SCOOIi books, ;
SCHOOL SUPPLIES ,
4.1:1 f. , : ' '
The exercises of this Institution will
open on the 11th day of September under
the direction of Mis E. A. Gilmeu, as
Principal; and Miss Jennie A. Cald
well, Assistant. ..
Teiims For tho English Classes, t2.00"
per mouth. For pupils studying Latin ,
or French, $3. Coutiugeut. fee $l:perx
session. - I . V 'p -4
For admission apply to S. H. Wilev,-at
the Bank : or in his absetiee to Mr; O. D
Davis. .! J. J. Buuxei:4
44:lm 1 Ch'in Shool Co n ;
i- -f .. - ' " -1 - - - r : 1 , . "11- :'v- .-t h: . .