s . s ...
; Id "'1 'S . -: '
17 M7j ' " . i . - I- --H : '.-.fea
M'.! 7.-1 : . 8ALISBUHY.il. C.i 8EPTEHBER 27, 1882. ''! . ' ."fe.v' v1vV$'lBiol
1 . 1 - - ' " ' ' - - ,
'4 .7: .1 . '77 I ''' 1 l-rx' -
I ' . i :j ' ." ' 1
I 1. J - . C i
i v -4
fcsTXtUSllED JK THEjYEAK 1832,
Thailerrlbls Monrge fever and agrie, ana
tJeo.ner, bullous remitunt, beside, af
HSSfS. the stomach, liver aurt bowel
ltd bT niimauc air and water, are
ISh Sicited and prevented by the lueof
fi?8tet&r' Stomach Bitter, a purely Tege
'SSsllslr. indorsed by m"''!
Imm rxtcDsirrly nsed a a remedy for tb
rT.ms of d&otder., as well a. for many
trs, than any medicine of the aye. ,
rof U by all Dmjrjrist and Dealers
, i generally.
i. Rhodes BROWNE. Prest. wk. C. COART, secy.
- -4- :
a-lmeCdmpany.Seeking'cratic party since its accession to power Sn
f J ' ; s t T. . ... .. .i -r" iL I
! , t i 1 1
uolioWn T hWll I ;
II It'll (il ' I
fiir;n Policies written on Dwellings.
SifemuunH-payaltle'One-half cash and bal
in teiv months. i
I J. ALLEN B3.CW T, Art..
j . rviliiliiiry, IS. l.
SCOOL BOOKS, : .
f NOVELS AND.
600 Acres or land for Sa,
ne?vr Mt Vernon, Rowan County, h not
sod by the 15th of 0ctoler it will In- for
relit. vAn v one wanting to huy gHl land
I Would advise thim to go Nee this and.
I tvouldfreferto Sheriff C. C. Kripei ai d J.
Bi McCubbins, of Sal isbu ry . N. C.
! I W. F. HALL,
7t) j Statesville, N C.
EltRORS OF YOUTH.
' I (ikii CLEM AS who.sti tiered for reaif li- m
Jt NervouR Debility. PbematCkk Decay,
' and all tlie effects of joulhtul uiVliitcretion, ill
i fir the Hike of stiflering linmHi)ity,F-eut ue &
. af I whuj red it, the recipe and ilireetion ;or
afaking lire niiuple remedy by wlurii lie as
upred. Sufierern wishing to profit i the nd-
vrtisrijexperie"nc; ean do ho by iiddres-iim'n
CerkcHlbi.fidencf, JOHN B. -CMiUKV
2tfcl Cedar St Kew Y- tk
U u UI-IHTTJ TCM
GjftEAT REDUC f ION
I IN I' HE PRICES OF
iarble Monuments and C:ave-S.aies cf
, i it
Erery Description. .
I cordially invite the public cenerallv
t an inspection of my Stock and Work.
I feel justified, in asserting that my past
Speriene under first-class workmen ia
afl the newest and modern styles, and
tat the: workmanship is equal to any of
oes6. in uie coautry4 l no not say
taat my! work is superior" to all other. I
am reasonable, will not exaceerate in or.
. der to atcomplish a sale. My endeavor ia
if piease and give each customer the val-
.oi every dollar they leave with me.
&ICE5 35 to 50 Per ' CH AI B,
than ever offered in this town before.
all at price or scud for price list and de
Mgns. Satisfaction gnaraut'd or no charge.
I The erection of nmrltln ia thn last work
w respect which w nav tn the uien.orv
of depatted friends. - -
JOHN S. 11UTCH1N30N.
C, Nov. 1,1881.
f uTcriiHer ntrinten rniauru.. . i te
f 'Pdjeiddi-eise.ConiiumiiiioD.by mu e
f? anxiou to make known o Id felh w
B8rer:the means of cure. Toall wliodwit
!Jht U "end a topy of the prescription ued,
jiree of hrg)twith the directiyfm fur prep;.r
!D"d2i"in8 th4 aame, which they will find a
re CURE for C6.cohs,Coliis,Co5SC5:ptiow,
1 Firtiea wUhing the Prescription, will please
fVilhaubumh.N.-Y. .; '20:iy
Wi. ..irit nlut. tin i.fH-A'i- tl Xr- ti (.'m - .- '
lirin IhcriM fit Ih-stit- iirM:-l It V HUit lTIMMt
. w ---- ---3
mvVrnmtnt winch has Iruiun hrokn in-f tl- t-1 ti in Aiuim;jm clti b naml
thi!inHiui)!'t Di.Mati. Stteaniini- and tli i ui-i lit n'nrt-i inj . tmh-,
trMtion; upon the ureani iiimrfr.al aiimin- ai d nf iiivi'itigaiium nimle iu E gJaml
it ration ul jiistue mti1 Ihd hnest enforce Mu fUiif, with irv I
met of th ai; Umi iht tffi. ienrv rur jM-t w lic!t stt-f jiot -r-rr!ifalI' tin
cmiinioit wi.kI Hteiii and -iifal alviw en A jiliM.trr. llit m.t j-'t t
mud lnftliu ation. ai.il tb general an. tututt is , i uih .ul f
provfiiicnt ai.tl enterprise uiaiuleMe) in ti e to f.uii::- -nrli ; : anuint llu
er part of the State," and j we i!el' oiir- pi.iiiti-i, wliirh, it not a jntifi'iitiiui, will
selves to exert all efforts to advance the mm tlie hn helittte and aluiont .oiiMcurf
material interests ol a.'l Bct:ionot thebpte tlt. jn-tt.v tMUdi of a few jda liter. W
in the future as wuJiave dme in thepaat. (,Mt it cotton planter! eiieriilljr realiw
; Am we challenge a rompari9n tietween j a i the lins and peiilutioo lielweru tlieui
- Democratic administration of our State t a'f-; ail( t hf cunaunier. First, thj Iwtid iron
faiii and the crimes, outrages and scandal , x tie rini:, repress. tel by stock com
that accompanied Republicao misrule. Af-! pm.ic, with millions of capital Vw which
firming our adherence to Democratic prin-: jMlj euonuoua ! dividends.. They
ci pies, a defined in the platform adopted M. tJt. planter heavy exeiisive patent
bjr ihe National Dem. ratic Convention J l4M,j, i,,,,, baud vhen a quarter of the
held at Cincinnati, in 1880 1 I ot would securely 'bind the itittoo with
'liemfotd. That we reuarda free and fair liW,r Kteel wire bauds. Then the cotton
expression of the public wijl at the ballofc ;
box: as the only sure p.eanft ot preserving
our free American institutions, and we de
nounce the Republicanpariy and the inter
fertbee of its federal officials for their grosi
frauds upon the elective franchise, whereby
whole tlistncts, btates, ana tne union naye
been deprived ot their just political rights;
and we believe the corrupt! and corrupting
use of federal patronage, and of public
tnoney drawn by taxation from the people
in influencing and controlling elections,! io
be dangerous to theliberties of the State
and the Union. , ; !
Ifaohed, That we are in . favor of the en
tires abolitionof the internal revenue sVs
teni, with its attendant corruptions, and
that we denounce the present tariff laws as
. grossly unequal, unjust and vicious. We
tavpr sucn a revision oi ine ianu wui
produce a revenue sufficient forth reconom
If stl aunnort of the eovernment. with such
incidental protection as will give to domt.
tic tnanufacturesa tair petition with
iuohc oi ioixik" PiuMuv.y...
should be an immediate repeal of all lavs
. j. . A m . 4.
imposing a direct tax for Ihe PPrtj
imposing a direct tax for the snpp
the! government of the United States,
.. ' . 1 . .'.11- i
. ... :,.,....;. tn tmtiah I
it snouia prove impraciicauic iu i
the internal revenue systeni with all its at
IVUtllllg miuuiaiiioHuu, .uu v.-,. r j
a' .1 ....... .nm Conmnn anrl I
" . "'C .Vr.":;."::
of io amending the Law that the revenue
L" . " r. .. i-s.. xt-Lk
IKDreMrniaiUCT IU V""K'"a Hl imiV' -v 1
officers whonow receive in salaries
iu xiuiin i
they areassigned. I
Ti,at t4, rm,r nf th T)pmo-
Piorur Carolina in lunuerance oi popular
Ligation is a sufficient guaranty that ; We
earnestly favor tne education ot an classes i
T. i ...i.. ... .;m afiVM..t.wi.v
Ol OUT ucuuic,an I viicnir n win j i I
. . . , , . ' r i. t.XA I
legislation iooKing(io an im-rcajtc oi iu?iuuu
for ihat purpose that will not materially
im rease the present bufdetis of our people.,
Retolved. That the question ot prolilui-
.n .L i,., Wn ,mr-
tv ouestion in North Carolina, and never f
been endorsed by tne 1 uemocraue party,
- ... .. -i
never has been a law' we regard the matter 1
and the people of the State at tlie general wu iwua.nng, ine compress nig. ami an , d .M)iijilw . g,,, resemblance'
eleekipnin, the year having byj an the factors and middle men,; between the j t . trauMDareticv and
overwhelming majority voted against pro- cotton planter a nd coiiatimer, lj.v selling at J n,e ril;,v 11 coiir,iiauMpartiu aim
hibition, and the Supreme Court having a sufficiently reduced price to cover alLi lustiv. V e do not know what value
decided that the prohibition act is not and Political carpetbaggers uiayhave robliedi ihe iMists. In the course of our
as Anally settled, and any attempt to ire- unjust debts, the iuteret on which it is
new the agitation is merely a weak effort haul to pay ; but that ia but a circuui
of (Resigning persons to divert the minds bf .stance compared to the loss that these
the! people from the dangerous principles cotton leaches are inflicting. Shake them
and; corrupt practices of the .Republican j
tfoZcri, That while we arc not wedded J
to any particular form of county govcrh-r j
meit, we recognize the fact that a large J
part of the taxes of the State are paid tor
the common benefit by the white people of
it the bonnden duty of the white men of
the State to protect these people from the
oppressive domination of Ignorant blacks,
and ptedge ourselves to such legislature as
will secure this end.
And whereas it is seriously suggested
that vigorous effort will soon be made to
com pel the State bv iudieial proceedings,
to pay the fraudulent and unlawful special
under legislation passed by the Republican
Legislature 1868 and 1869; therefore j
Iiesolzed, further That the Democratic!
party will resist such recovery and the
payment; oi sucn oonas oy every iawiui
means. j . i Ti
The above resolutions were read $eriatim.
ami on motion were adopted as a whole as
the platform of the Democratic party of
North Carolina. i
On motion of Mr. Furman, the following
rcsoilution was adopted i I M
Iieaohed, That"lhe present faithful and
efficient State Executive Committeeiof the
chairman, lel and is hereby continued as
iemocruiiu pnriY, wini oi. utw-vo
the executive committee for tne party;
thanking them fori the untiring real aud
triumphant results of their past services, j
Hon. A. a Merrinion being called Son, tie-
livcfed an address of marked ability the
synopsis of which we regre we cannot print
in this issue. jf 1 !' '
5On his conclusion Mr. Paul D. gleans
moved that the thanks of j the convention
be tendered to Judge Merrimon by arising
vote for his able, masterlyv clooucnt and
instructive address. Which motion being
carried, an tne members oif ine convention are the mQSt reliable cotton I experts iu
rosejto their feet with a shout of applause t,e couutry, aa; they prove their judg
a compliment as handsomc;asitwasdeserv.l men. b uge eTery time.0ther experU
V r , . 0 , . ,,L
J4W. Reid, of Rockingham being called
on, made some handsome and eloquent ,rer
TJle.D,ar K.creDa,?2 mdf. oni
JOR.5J. Davis, Capt. 8wift Galloway, of
Greene; Capt. CM. Cooke, of .Franklin;
Andrew Joyner, of Pitt; F. O.Skinner,
Perquimans; J. M. GudgerJ ot Yancey, and
W. poster French, of Robeson, . and alter
the conclusion of his speech Mr. R. M. Fur-
man! moved to adjourn. 1 -
The Aberdeen, Missel cocoonery has
large orders for mulberry jtreea and silk
worm eggs, receiving on an average fifty
letters a day from all parts of the South
. J ! , , t i vi
aaa-auowing mespracucai luierwi, yie commission merchant who will dispose
southern people are taking in the silk iu- 0f jt direct to the consumer at a coin ni in
dustry. . t j aion of $1 or less per ton. Now, these
Tho following from a travelling jrres-
l . e, vr l i--
V1 S:tRDD T.
wellj for Florida : j "In aq parU of j Flon-
da I met, gentlemen of high character, or-
lginilly from the North, who assured ma
r - : . . . r.. . ,-. t i .-
that they had prolongea i tneir, iiTet oy
chaoging their residence to Florida Some
of them came to the Sonth thlrr yeata
agoJ and were then what are called ; coa
- m . tm : I ) . i I
. 1 .1 . : . . - .
ai Hi( Uill ili-llilt 'tllal- ' illHI
f,,, or1ivtod riur.1' .M.,.at J,Ml
planter put u lus cottou in jltoef..nn
gaiuly bales, ii) t older, as they sayr to'
Multiple it, but really ti permit them to
ato:ii imii.iia niiiiiif ilicH rottou from
U,t, bajeg w- tIml Mmw of tlem froltt
5i000 to 1 10.000 worth of samples aui.u-
ai v. y
I hen the Imles go to the repress or com
press ring, which is usually a combina
tion of - factors, or middle men, aud here
the cottou crop pays annually! about $5,
0UU.O0O more. Then the cotton imsses
on, may be, through the hauds of another
ring, who fatten on it, aud finally reaches
the hauds of ihe'distiibutiug merchant in 1
by which time the bales are badly soiled
by dirt, mud, and rain.by reason of their
ungainly size, careless baud ling and stor
age, and they are now not uiifrequeutly
treated to a Until by rolliug througu the
ttg gla&ll aJud mad that Ssually
Svera tlie wliarvt f. these large citiel.
p . wharf mlfcjl ara -..j-ted to
BU IC till 11 UMVIa DWiaKO OS a vvf -v
the ' , dumid into tlie st
1 a.4 t lAiib otAfu nrca ofMiikr ta
sIumIi and rolled ih rough it into the si
HIUHII Ulltl IIMIVU-turuUUII UllllU MIC
. i .,,
" UailU, V U IO
coverings so tnat lie
can ami does pick the soiled cottou rom j
. ... s.. ..."SJ .1... I... I .:i :. .!..:
w V i
as white aud clean as lint from the gin !
, ,, ... t
,u uu,t". .. '"-i-
tors spoils. .1
The bale is now jesampled, winch
iiivuim n not lir atMil nf fiitlou. then re
- - . ,
the cotton marked on t. and iheconstim-
. , ' ,
r Ikii k if I Iia tvclirlit . I
, . .
Now, all these middle men knowing the
hilukages and stealings in wlach tliey
!. euougn iew ior umii.u iiu i
and leave them a urofit and get lich. aud
unquestionably the plauter has to pay
....i.i ...ins i. ...... i i... ..t
ii iinnmi iiuiiumir hh.Kcicii j
Southern States and saddled them with
off and With the saving the cottou plan-
ler alone can, iu a short time,' pay not
only the' interest but the principal of
these State debts, ami theu if applied to
the purpone, pay . the entire amouut of
I Confederate bonds issued before Ihe bonds
J issued by the treasury at department at
The Hon. Edward Atkinson, of Boston,
I Mm., who has carefully studied the sub
ject, as u well known in the cotton States,
confidently declared that there is a hiss
I oi juer cent, iu wuie or couoii, oeiweeu
the plauter an t the consumer, in the man
I uer ot lianuiiug trie cotton crop. Katmg
1 the entire cotton crop at only 6.000.UOO
I bides there is a loss at 10 er cent, of
I The loss is not only the profits and
I .-tialings of these riiigs, but the uuueces-
nary cost of stock iu bauds, loss in labor
m com preying, and loss in soiled cottou
I an Ol wnicu, logeuier witti an imoius auu
I -uuliUii, o.iiioi be kivcu to planters 11
I thev nut th i-ottou up direct from the
I i'u iuto small, compact, economical wire
I x,ud oabs oi xuitableize, to be hau-
I died and stored without soiling, aud' to
i,,il(l ear to its : capacity aud shiped di-
rect to the cousumer, or a reliable com-
mission .merchant at some distributing
point North, who would sell it direct to
i r i eoiiMii liter 111 Hie COUUIllOU 111 WHICH
I :t arrived.
I There are a hundred cottou mills, or
manfacturiug companies, in the Northern
I Uta tam unr-li nf ivlumi eitiiRtiniM nnuuxllv
from iqqq t0 50,000 bales of 500 1 pounds
Weijitat each, aiid either of-wlncti ate as
te art UUy jjmuheru bauk ; and if the
planters were to send their cotton to eith-
er tf theni, trusting to their judgment as
to iwie llt.y ,m7a astonished at the
lUJuiit the cttt6u would.net over the
uluouut received aa now marketed.
The conductors of these cottou mills
ouly guess witliont the proof of test to
rfect them if planters doubt the u u-
judgment of these mill experts
then send them samples bj mail to grade.
... nnrA ' ftnii tllJIPkwtl t
R than cotton at the j South, and
fc the fc u MiIed or exiK)8ed
. 'th, aithbiich ita Value is so
to the weather, although its value is so
much less that there is not the same in
ducement to care for it as with cotton.
Hay is packed at a; c'ost of $1 per ton iu
uninll en nrr K.tloa flint, will triun A (rrnin
to itg caoacitr in weicht. aud always
seqt direct from the press to the market
where it is. to be consumed, no matter if
across the continent and consigned eith-
er direct to the t consumer or a reliable
re the reasons whr the farmers at the
iNonu UTows ncu ami nuiier auu mo iiiau-
ter. at the South pior and poorer,
Many cottou middle men make from
$25,000 to $100,000 bet aouual profit ou
siuiply handling a few thousand balm of
Aittron. Mittdln men in liar North handle
-rr -t r nf .
I ton to mako dimes tor the dollars. This
I U why there are fifty middle men in cot
ton to one in . nay;
hay crop is greater
of cotton wornis play into .each others tliis vein lias reached a deplh of 36
hands and fattening on the crop have so feet, t wlrch tM.int it iimvvtt iU pock
mluced the planter in most ol on ; nfllure , H intf nal-tWing to
States as to com pell theui to liorrow cap-. , , . i .
ita) of the middle men in onler to pat in j gether. Thus far,12 of these KK-keta
the crop. This mortgages the crop toi lia'e been ftmntl wit bin an ai eaof forty
them in advance, and by charging front. feet square, rarrving emeralds, four
25 to 150 tier cent, profit on the supplies, j nr which ,kp j eomain nit the
furnished they are enabled tojnake a cer-' MIO,iumeilJLinMlll Otlir invkets
taintv of gobbling np the whole cf op and ; Iuniene-einer.iltl. n?r, powers
nhintr still iu debt enouirh to i were found that yielded Uuartz,
create a Joau on the next crop, bo that he j Untile, Mouazite,j and mica; crystals
is always iu the power f the cotton ring; !0f great beauty. I Others yet,1whose
who exact the result of hia ."Isj walls ' were covered witti Bnely crys-
the Northern farmer receives advances
at from 4 to 5 per cent, annual interest;
and aoon cjears np his ebt; -The cotton;
plauter is a slave to cotton rings and car-j
pet bagger capitalists, and slavery in one
of its worst forms still exists at the South.
The Gems of North Carolina.
Something Learned Ab,: Them,
ThrougfTa Talk IVUh frof. Hidden
The Priciom Stones of Alexander,
JLountyDvicovery of a Neto Gem)
the Edisonite, the Like of Which iaj
Unknown to the Scimtific World.
It has only been, a few v months
since Prof. VV, E. Hidden, an em
ployee of E ison, the distinguished
electrician, in Heurcii u piaunum,
discovered in ; Alexander county and
hrono-ht to the attention of the world
ow far.faraed hiddeuite. He has1
"B " . . . ...,,
now discovered another stone only a
little less valuable, if any, thau the
gem which bears his name. He be
lieves it to be a new mineral unknown!
to scientific geologists, perfectly trans-j
parent,. resembling the diamond, but
bolonging to a different geological
family. It is one degree softer than
f high lustre . complex (V-na,
h nMiiuuiiw to I'll I it Ilia HjlKin
i,c vn .
It is tounu iu tne neigtioornoou
m ., I ? A I !
OI ll,e l,iace 111 A,exam,er "'"y
.i:..-.i i. u:a.
wuerc lie uibuuicicu mc imjiiiint.
Prof. Hidden ex' te quite an wti
Vur nf Itpjiut i ful I'r.iii.Miti irarnebi.i
i r-. - o
wnicii were lounu iu a lexuutier vhiii-:
ly either in tr near the Hiddenitei
niliie.- I lie iniriitl lias long oeeil a
favorite with uiauv .Wle. and the
- . - ,. . , ,
demand f r them is only limited bv
4 ' ,,. . ,
il.. vin.iili' I lm ifirnot utiniiiuiUHllii
uu mi.-, .. ...
laVi. Iieei. Muiictiiiies includeil by the
tH ; , tlM.ir llar0es car6uicuu
. ., . ,
and huacinihus. In its more perfect
fiinuii i.h a beautiful gem as are thesei
. i i ii' i i i ..i .
exiilMitetl iy muueti, aim wnen cui
c-nivcatio Willi t rot. lliildcii iu le
gal il to the discovery of tlicse pre
cious stones and liow lie came ulxut
it,-he pmoeeUitl to relate i lie whole
history to us and Kiil that sixteen
years ag , the Hite of the Nrtli ('aro
lina cmcrabl mine was cvtretl with
a dense tiriiuitive forest, less than
ten years ago ttie locality was iimir
alogicaily a blank, nothiiig was known
to exist huviivg aiiv s'peeiai interest jr
value. W liatever vve knw ot it to
day is due indirectly to Mr. J. A. D.
W - . 1
bteilicnsoti, a native of the counirv
whose interest in tniueialog. is ;
purely natural 'tie. Under a proinW;
ol rewanl, if successlul, he had eo
gageil the tanners to search the snil
tor crystals, Indian st rel -s, I '
aud tor some years enjoyed s rtr iu.
success iu thus tiatnenog .-pccimeti.
Every sjiectmen found in this regf m
proved to be a revelation to screnre.
Iu some resjct tlief were of more
interest than auytliing heretofore
found of their kind. Cei ta n it is that
this region, and i state this from toy
own experience in collecting, has pro
duced some of the most retnarkable
and beautiful specimens of emerald,
spoil uiueiie, beryl, rutile, and moita-
zite thus tar tLscovcreil in the Uiiiie
States. The location of the mine ws
obtained in the followiifg niuuncr :
A crops of workmen was employed to'
dig a series of deep ditches iu direc
tions that would cut the strata ut litl
erent angles. The site cnoseii for work
was on the spot where at least half a
dozen pale emeralds had been found.
This location was .shown to me b
the farmer who had discovered tne
specimeus while plowing. Not know
iug then their mauiier oi occurrence,
1 expeCitetl in this way to strike a
vein bearing them. Five weeks were
spent (iu July and August, 188') be
fore aiiv success was met wito j aol
then.! at a deuth of eight feet was
discovered a "blind veiu" tsocalleill
I :w . !. .... ....si..ik hufinir '
UCCaUSO lb IIUU till wui.;i"ii.
vell emerald In this vein o?
pocaet, as it .proved to ie later, anu
outnumbering the emeralds fifty to
one. was also found the new en.endd
green uaineral;wliicti was sucn a sur-
prise to the scieutifie world, ami
which was destined to answer the
same purpose as did the gem 1 sought.
I refer to the spKlumeue-emera.d,
now kuowii as Hiddeuite. This blind
vein yielded very handsomely of the
uew mineral, but very sparingly of
emeralds, and the few found were too
small to be useful as gems, thotign
their color was verv srootl. A tiinue
ti.r tho mirti.isj of dr&iia(re. 261 f et
lonir, mostly through rock, was cut
ioug, ujuan mii .
to Wis vemj ami a u. cu
At this time the
talized dolomite, col cite, apatite trans-
parent and pellucid, rutile, pyrite,
quartz and tuica. In one instance, a
small ocket that contained two beau
tiful emerald crystals, had 'its. wal Is
covered with largfc crystals of j albite,
twinned , parallel to the basal plane.
Another pocket contained only mica
cry stair and one small pellucid color
less beryl that Itad both euds bril
liantly terminated with' many planes.
In the rck-raining, and while pros
pecting ou the surface, the sign of a
vein is the presence of small streaks
of massive quartz, or of mum, in a
counter direction to the strike of the
country-rock, either of which lead to
open iMickets not rnany feet off. The
gems have thus tar lieen found loose-.
ly attached to the rock. Not ver nine
emeralds have been found at any one
time. Mineralogists have a great treat
in store for them, when deep-rock
mining is accomplished here Then
the gems will be found firmly attached
and they will shine with all- their
primitive cryslaline beauty. The
largest emerald found iu this mine is
8$ inches long, and weighs t ounce?
It was one of nine hue crystals contain
ed in a single pocket ; their color was
excellent, aud they were transparent
though somewhat1 flawed. A peculiar
feature pertains to most of t he emer
alds aud beryls from this region
I hey appear as thoagh bled across
the prismatic faces. Hie basal plane
is also oiten pitted with ciuute de
pressed hexagonal pyramids, that
lie with their edges parallel to one
a not her, aud to the edge of the di-hex-
Karely, though, crystals are ouna
with perlcctly smooth and brilliant
laces. The emerald color is often fo
cussed on the surface, and fades grad
ually to a colorless ceutral core, which
feature is of exceeding interest wheu
tne genesis of the'. mineral is consider
ed. I he enterals nave been found of
rich color, aud less flawed as the mine
gets deeper. lrot? H tddeu il I usl rates
t n ese points by a beautiful series of spe
cimens. In regard to the commercial
value of the emeralds thus far found
1 will frankly state that the niaj n ity
of me crystals have little value fi
jjeui purposes; but as cabinet speci
mens mey are unprecedented, am
nave a market value raugu g irom
C25 to $i,uOO each. From the larg
est crystals, stones of over one carat
weight could be cut that -would oe
marketable as geilis; but as scientific
-peciineiis, the crjtaUiu their entire
ty would have greater value. Cer
tainly no be ter signs eotild be wish
el for than these specimens, to irove
the. existence at n is ..HMiity of tlark-
. . - - i
.. . ...ii i.i-v.mI.. iiiiv to ttin ior cut
ttiig into va.'uable gems, lhife region
has a great future as a gem producing
district. Mining skill and capital
are the only c-setilials needed to in
sure sticeess. It may be interesting
to note thai the entile expense of the
work at this !culity has been more
than repaid by the sales of hc gems
(llid.ienite) discovered. But for lib
eral fi:.atciai aid given to the writer
l,, both Ii. Kichar.1 11 Roberts, of
Albany, and Mi. James D. Yei ring
too, ol Oesskill, M J., the work of
lisi-overy and ilcvelopnieut, at this
ioca.it v wt ild have i.ceu very, much
retarded, it not iiuUfioiieiy postpone.
M)Vi ilEKN INTUHEST.
lndiLstriul News and Notes.
Arkansas received 73,000 iuniigraiiis
last year. '
Before the close of the year a do-u
brick business houses will he huilt iu )
Water V.oie.v, .YiU.
O 1. Ii i !.:- ll.MieS Illtllll' :
Oil illill.., v.., t - ---
IMofit from phophate rocks iu beds of
Tho eiiiniitiollfi' Of '! xas recent l paid
into the trealll 5f28,OOU io tlie ..o ount
ut u.He. (ia.. will
; , . : i ,
' - 122, "r
( - - .. ,
TU-Anchor Oil Co...uai.jf tlua,
; Ark., haa been recent incorporated with
I. .1 ....Ip ..t WI'.IIIRHI.
The taxable proieriy oi Richmond Co.,
Ga., ha iucreased oei a millu4i and a
halt since last year.
Ice tn zeii by machinery is iuo nstu
almost exclusively in ihe a.uth. ii is
cm-apcr thau that sent bo.n uo.in. iu
W It. Johnston, ol Lee couiiiy,
......i At fWMI Morlh oi oaU ou ihe
laud that piotiHCeu fdtio woittiot ,cU..u
itjer' i ' -
Aiii.r:,tr hides have Iwmfc m such
Mf..-. ki:. r.tlmt
nemnnu, c.jo .- - - ..,
many alligator farms are being ttarted in
Florida aud Louisiana.
Col. Thomas M. Holt, of iHaw River,
N. C, who owns several cotton mills,
says he dyed with his own hauds the first
piece of colored goods made in the South.
A sou thorn journal says f "One per
son raising silk iu the South can make
as much as five persons can with cottou,
and with an outlay of only a few dollars
San Autouio, Texas, coqtinnes to grow
and improve at a rate beyond the expec
tation of many. The Timet says that
within five years San Antonio will have a
population of 50,000.
IS ews and Observer.
We understand that Judge Sey
mour is in Raleigh for the purpose of
appointing Federal : supervisors of
elections. Certainly neither we nr
tli good eople of North Caroliiiu
have any objection to any. course be
ing pursued in the interest of fairness
at elections. The Democratic Legis-
autre iu xojj, wnen training tne
election lawf made provision for rep-T
resentation at the ballot box of Re
publican poll-holders as well as Dem
ocratic poll-holders, and further made
ample provision for a scrutiny of' the
poll list and for the challenge of vo
ters. The law then made has receiv
ed the sanction of every' succeeding
Democratic Legislature. It was made
in the interest of fairness, and in prac
tice has worked so satisfactorily that
complaints about registration and vo
ting have rarely been made, and prob
ably have been very seldom made
with any show of justice. '
This being the Democratic record,
and our purpose being to secure at all
times aud under all circumstances
perfectly just, free and fair elections,!
it lint. nlkwwt tr nnv PiStirn itfi
lated to advance thatolject. Butin-ls
asuiuch as the State law now requires
the appoiutraeut of two Republican TT' ueS,m,,nS w " .. "'ecou
polUholders at every box; the ques-1 h fwf"ns, not only oyer the Grand
tion arises whv the necessity for the iuk b,ul' ,n rize and numbers,
appointment of Federal supervisors? ia o,,,e wbu e . jN?rtb:m(;"ca!1
vv hfit P.,d U t,. b,. ,,bsnrvl? Fir s,,ore lrm tlie latitude of New ork
where does the movement originate?
The law says that upon the applica- !A,,e Parte ,mu " ' , T ?Sie,n wa"
tion of ten persons in giuxi standing lters of L'un; Island to the further ex
iu any precinct supervisors may U trem.ttes ot4.abrador, and even tip to
appointed for that preci
m m a
jillCt. It WOtlid -
be interesting to know whether this
lis a oiviiiaiivvJii3 iu 'iciuvui, aii
" ' .
whether in any township in North
. . a ,
(Jarolina ten well known citizens can
be found who would make such an
application. In 187G the applications
were stirred up by the K"puhlican
Slate executive committee and the
movement came from the ucentre',
and not from the townships. It is
more than probable that the present
movement has the same origin, and
that the purpose to be subserved is not
so much to secure a fair election as to
intimidate. It may be thought that the
presence of Federal supervisors at the
regti-irulinii places aud at the polls
may intimidate Democrats from reg
istering and voting This 'may be the
expectation. It was doubtless the ex
pectation in 1876. It was thought
I that the people of North, Carolina
would draw ba k in dread tro.n the
awful presence of Federal , er-ccrs of
elections. But the people -didn't scare
much. They had been iii the habit
of voting witli Republican poll-holders
aud it made but little difference
whether -there were two of them or
tliree of them. They voted just as
usual, only a little more so. 1 hey
polleil the higgist majority ever roll-
ed up in North Carolina. Iliatsthe
wav Federal overt-efsrs operate then.
It was a fine medicine.- And that
will be the way these Federal over-
seers will work this year. lheDra
crats will roll up a bigger majority
than ever. They, will -understand
that these Federal overseers have no
power to interfere with any citizen
whatever. They can arrest no one.
i'hey have no power but to see and
make out a report. Two -of them are
t. be npjxiinted at every box where
ten people pply for them, but they
are to oe of different politics one a
Democrat and one a Republican, one
. li on it man and one; a Dckery
i ne to exuice .t tuee i wo overseers
appointed by Judge Seymour will not
disturb our friends much.! They will
i:.i :.. i ot a
reafter ..ml v- te as mey uui in ioiu,
rousing majority jor
I toe Demoeraiic ticket jiist as they
.ltd lint year. Uut men wny ap
eel- neu toe iic puoncaii , Uo) u.-
ri.ady has its share of poll-lii.ier,
. , lUv .
Is it not a ti tle, ihiti upon the
luilituiulV ui.u-tiic tte-
" I - ft
. i-hoidt r.- ?
tilUUKN I UfcASL'UV. T.ie
Mi.iiuSar ui.-e.ver "1 i.hbi
u.y oi a
. ! si. f
. .41 1. AU
, 4'i mi mu
ci'i: s It o!a .i)i 'e.
nr... nut- oi tut- . I
! it ;. s-l' .
botite mouej ai.-..
ilvl ...t 1
in a crevice of the pillar, and conttnnin
their researches brought out 620 in coins. 4
ranging from one cent to a dollar. The
general impressioo is that this w.na the
horde of some petty pilferer, but sugges
tions are made that it may have belong- j
ed to the little negro whoso corpse was
found buried itPa rock -head under the
same platform some months ago, and
that his refusal to tell was was the occa
sion of .his taking off. But in the mean
time the boy discoverers are reveling in
caudy aud peanuts. CW Observer.
The Home of the Cod.
Newfoundland Letter to NY. Post. .
Stretching for hundreds of miles
southward and southeastward of this
island, and sixty miles from shore at
ttie curest point J is L the Grand Bank
of" INe wfoutMUaiid, that '.mystic, table
land of the sea whose limit' and na
ture arestill undefined. A little' way
ocean ward from the slopes 'the sea
re-aches some of its greatest depths,
and within its boundaries are depres-.
isions where the fisherman's anchor
never touches bottom. , j u
Old codfishers say- that the Grand.
; Bank is steadily rising, and that a few
centuries will find it jutting above. 1
the surface. The Grand Bank, with
its adjuncts, is some six hundred miles
long, aud from 200 to. 300 miles wide.
The shallows over it vary from 9CLto
400 feet iu depth. The Graud Bank
is, beyond comparison, the finest fish
ing ground in-the world. " For cen
turies, the fishermen have visited it,
and millions f tni I lions- of tons of
codfish have been taken there, but
still the yield is uiidimiiiislied. Some
times for two or three years tho fish
will be scarce, and the report-will be
spread that the bank is "fished out,''
when suddenly a year of mi precedent -
ca,cf8 WI'! the ,,e f W"?
t,on- , F(!r about s.,x "P?111119 ,ia ie
to an unknown distance north watd.
:'ni i i i'.. i. .. .
S.a aA. kt iiliaMl jtaT V. It., a I Mali
tne coa i rom tne ocean uer.uis to
which he goes in winter is. not, cer-
i... . . 1 . .
...... l.a I ......... . . . . . r. ....... . . .. r . I . .
KU".T. ' uul --.
;hn ottliAi t.lb ma t a - t It r ahl.il I oltnno.
he either foUwws upr-the .small shore
ifi-.li or seeks the seachciry a small
red berry that often"' grows" on tiro
weedy bottoms where the pcJ is found.
It is also pretty well established that
during the summer visit shoreward
the female fish spavyns. The immense
race of cod, far Outnumbering all
the other large fish of. the sea, wac-
Jcotiutcd for by ils fecundity. Nine
millions of egy;s have been" computed
as the roe of a large specimen, and
all the codfish caught by man are a
mere cipher compared with t lie .bil
lions, large and small swallowed by
pjharks and other fish of prey.
I The Danville Rcgixter fays: Air. CV
G. Holland, one of the directors of
the Virginia- Midland Railroad Com
pajiy, has just returned from New
York where he went to attend a meet
ing of the directors of the company
named, held iu New York Saturday
for the purpose' of considering tho
matter of building tire North Caroli
na Midland llaflroad. We learn that
the North Carolina extension received
highly favoralile consideration, and
that the etteriirie has been put oil
!SIU.!, .. futin? as will insure tho
i o . f
ijipccily construction of the proposed
THE NORTH STATE
LIFtl AND NUPTIAL
i of !
SALISBURY NORTH CAROLINA.
Chartered under the Laws of Norlh
$1,000 TO $5,000.1
; x ?w w , J -
j D McNEF.LY,... .L--.- ..v.. ...President.
t; ,. i i v rnv - Vice-Prea t and Oenl Maoaa-er.
jA'.iiw i. okay Secretary.
4 sa lUKL McCTBHlXS iy .Treasurer.
Dr 7 J. i' v.il rEHE .D. Medical Director.
uoa. J. s Henderson ,..:,;.ugiArtter.:
He!'; r to the Bask and business men of
i ! r t 1 m Imm I a ti
;!nr--. lieiiaine. euerKewv; iw.ni
itiuve wl.: amenta whiivcu yvij w mc.c.
I r,,n ii;tn, tirms to agent, hlknka, and
i ,- .! H.arnnriattvcr. AUUtL,sp
JAME3 M, GRAY
Ohst-rvec. and ; Wilming-
ui::th and stud
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;"-f 'I -'-vi --.
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