11 - i
SALISBURY, N. Cm MAY 31, 1883.
The Carolina Watchman,
ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 1832.
, PRICE, $1.50 IN ADVANCE.
r) r Dyspepsia,
1 nij.nrity of the
iwxl, Fever and
ai.i! all I)isasc
caused by De
al Liver, livwb and Kidney.
S OF A niSKASKO I.ITBR.
U-aA Rri-ath Pain in the Side, sometimes the
pain is felt under the Sbtmlder-bladc, mistaken for
Kheumatisrn ; general loss of :ppettte ; Bowel
generally costive, sometimes alternating with lax ;
the head is troubled with pain, is dull and heavy,
with considerable loss of memory, accompanied
with a painful si nsati n of leaving u.. ! n.: something
which otiglit to have been done; a slight, dry cougn
and flushed face is sotucimes an attendant, often
nustakc for consumption: the p. tient complains
of weariness and debility ; nervous, c si!y startled
feet cold or burninz, sometimes a prickly sensatim
ret cold or burnins, sometimes a prickly sensation
of the skin exists; spirits are low and despondent.
and, although satisfied that exercise would be bene-
ncial, yet one can naruiy summon up lurutuac to
try it in fact, distrusts every remedy. Several
of the above symptoms attend the disease, but cases
hare ocurred when but few of them existed, yet
examination after death has shown the Liver to
have been esteasJly deranged.
It httld be used by aU persons, old and
young, whenever any of the tt'... ve
I sjinptotiiM ti.ipeur.
rv4t Trarellnp or Living In Dn
beahHy laimHrief, iv t-AAng a ''o-c -rr nil
ally tuecp the Ijver iu neat. h 3 c i n. will avoid
all Matlaria, lUlixni. at itcks, I i-.nj-s. Nau
sea, lfc.wsiiicss, Oepressi i .-f S tr.t. - tc. It
will ui.-T.itc like a gks wine, but l ttu ia
If Von liave eaten itnythlnir Itard ot
digestion, or feel heavy after meals, or sleep
less at bight, take a dose and you will be relieved.
Doctors' lUlls win be saved
by. always keeplne; the Kesrulator
:i la the Honnet
For, wjtatever the ailment may be, a thoroughly
irjraiive, suierative and tome can
out 01 place. The remedy is liarmleaa
r mot Interfere with buaiuet or
iff I TOBELY VKOKTAm.K.
And ha , .ill the power and efficacy of Calomel or
Quinine, without any of the injurious after ctJctts.
jA fioTrmor's TeHtimony.
Simmons Liver Rrguhitor has been in use in my
family f?r some time, and 1 am satisfied it is a
valuable-addition to the medical science.
I I J. Gill SjsubW, Governor of Ala.
Alexander If. Stephena, of Oa.,
says: ilfave derived some bcncltt in in the use of
Simmon Liver Regulator, and wish to give it a
"Ttlli only Tli in p that never faila to
Cllsr. I have used many remedies (Vr Dys
pcpsia t-ivcr Aflectioa and Debility, but never
have fiuid anything to benefit me to the stent
Swawfle I.ivtr Regulator has. I sent from Min
nesota to-Ocorgia for it, and would send further tor
such amrdii ine, and would advise all who are sim
ilarly aftcted to give it a trial as it seem the only
thing tl.il never fails to relieve.
j P. M. J anney. Minneapolis, Minn.
TV. Mason anyat From actual ex
perience in the use of Simmons Liver Regulator in
my practice 1 have been and am satisfied to use
sad prescribe it as a purgative medicine.
ffFtTake only the Genuine, which, always
has oh the Wrapper the red X Trade-Mark
snd Signature of J. II. ZLIL1X & CO.
tOSt SALE BY ALL DRUGCISTS.
TIT i him TTTI 0 ITI 1177 nh4 -
K 1.1 .1 fflKK ai AT I.I n F
JJLIUUiUllLIll U 1111 JJU1L I
S TO OK
iVELL AS THE INTEREST OP
Crawford, of the firm of
R. CRAWFORD & CO.,
Weijre now prepared to supply our
customers with all kiutls of
In addition to the
Best Selected Stock of
ABO WAS E iu the
and i full line ot Mining Supplies.;
$ i .
CAUL AND SEE US.
A Carpet Factory.
Messrs. F. Kramer and P. Jacob-
; tahlished an ingrain carpet factory at
, vjciiuaiis who recent iv es-
the All Healing Springs, in Gaston
counlycioie to the city yesterday to
exhibit samples of their work, and
this gives the reporter a chance to
nuiiicuiiiig auuui -hi i a new xtomi
Carolina industry and what may be
expected of it. The proprietors came
South and located their factory at the I
All Healing Springs on the 1st of last
April. They built three houses, two
dwellings and a factory, and went to 1
.work putting in the machinery nee
essary to the prosecution of their bu- j
sines. They have started on a small
scale, as a matter of coarse, but if
their business prospers, as it surely
ought to do, they will gradually in
crease the capacity of their factory to
keep up the demands made upon '
them. At present they have three !
looms in their factory, one for ingrain
carpels, one for rag carpets, and one
for woolen Jinseys. They have just
now fairly commenced operations and
have turned out enough carpets and
linseys to show our people what they
are capable of doing. The samples
exhibited yesterday consists of half a
dozen patterns of ingrain carpets, one !
of rag carpeting, and a bolt of woolen j
linseys, ull made throughout at their
factory at the All Healing Spring.
The ingrain carpets are particularly
handsome, and it requires an expert
( to detect any difference between them
and the Philadelphia made carpets.
1 he patterns are bright and pretty
and the colors are well laid in. The
rag carpet is something on the style
of that made on the old country
looms, but is more compactly built,
more artistically woven and decidedly
handsomer iu all respects.
The sample of the linseys will com
pare favorably with anything to be
luund in a store in Charlotte, and as
good an article for the money as ever
brought South by oiir merchauts.
More than this, it is pretty, and un
less told to the contrary anyone
would imagine it made in the New
England mills, instead of in the un
pretentious little factory in Gaston
county. A merchant who examined
the linseys says that it is really a su
perior article and he is delighted to
know that 81,0,1 a be made
only the equal of those produced
by the Northern milU, but they are
cheaper, and there is no earthly rea
son why another order for this line
of goods should be sent North by any
merchant or citizan of the old North
State. Here is one factory right at
our door. Its work is equal to the
work of any Northern loom, and it is
capable of filing orders as rapidly as
and as satisfactorily as any Northern
firm can do.
To Measure An Acre.
Few farmers know the size of their
fields or how many acres they contain.
A field of the writer's, before it came
into his possession, had been plowed
and reaped by contract for fifteen
acres. On measuring it. it was found
to contain but twelve acres. It is
desirable, in fact indispeusible for
good work, that a farmer should know
how many acres each field contains,
for otherwise he cannot apportion
seed or manure for it, nor can he tell
how much time it should require to
be plowed. A measuring cord should
be part of the furniture on every
farm. To make one procure sixty
seven feet of strong rope, one inch
around ; make a loop or fasten a ring
or a bar at each end, and make these
precisely sixty-six feet apart. This
is four rods. Then tie a piece of red
rag in the centre. Oue acre of ground
will be a piece four of the cords long
and two aud oue-half wide, equal to
sixteen by ten rods, making 160
square rods to one acre. The advan
tage of the ring or loop is that oue
person can measure aloue by driving
a stake in the ground to hold the
rope while he stretches it out.
The rope should be soaked in tar and
dried which will prevent it from
shrinking when wet. N. C Farmer.
' The Charlotte Home and Democrat
says: Samuel Jeffreys, a successful
planter of Onion County, has invent
ed two labor-saving agricultural im
plements which promise to revolu
tionize old-fashioned methods of farm
ing. One of these machines is a cot
ton hoe, with which Mr. Jeffreys says
he will be able to hoe twenty-five
acres of cotton a day. It is drawn
by one -horse or mule. The other
machine a cotton scraper, which
works six ploughs and is pulled by
one mule ; in fact one mule can pull
two machines. With this machine
Mr. Jeffreys claims that he can work
over one hundred and twenty acres
of ground in ten days. These state
ments seem incredible, but Mr. Jeff
reys says he can prove by practical
demonstration that his inventions will
Clover the Best Manure.
"Clover seed is the best manure a
farmer can use." All plants draw
much of their feed from the atmos-
phere, and of those used in agricnl- Stokes, are regarded by scientists as .....
ture none are exceeded by closer in future senrces of great wealth to the I "f1 evidence is admissible to fit
the' large proportion of nutriment 8tate. Much has been written about ! Ihe description contained in a deed
thus derived. In this i-eapect other them. The outcrops of the former . to ,and whe.re the ambiguity is lat
legumiuous cros are much like red , were traced by D. Emmons for thirty j ent ? otherwise where it is patent,
clover. Here we include all the clo- : miles, and from indications he judged I contract of purchase of land will
vers, vetches, Deans, peas sain loin,
lupins, and lucerne or alfalfa.
lo keep up the fertility of our soil
w. M hmm to it phosphoric .cid, I
potash, nitrogen aud other substances
i I. e i e L rt
which arc touilti in iarm crops, vl
the three very important and valua
ble substances just named nitrogen is
the most precious and costly to
tain. In various places there
abundant supplies of potash
phosphoric acid. As may be
these are "in sight." Agricultural
chemists are now studying on the
problem of the future supply of ni
trogen for agricultural purposes. So
far, clover seems to be the important
factor in the problem. N.C. Parmer.
Barnyard manure is the natural
form iu which the food elements of a
crop should return to a soil. It con
tains the potash, phosphoric acid and
compounds of nitrogen so essential
to the growth of a crop, and by put
ting ou manure there is an addition
of that which was substracted by the
crop from which the manure was
made. The crop may be fed to farm
stock and a part of the plant food
elements retained by the animals, but
a larger per cent, of the essentials
pass them, and are all the better fitt
ed to act quickly when returned to
the soil. Manure is put on tile soil
to enrich it; this is because manure
contains plant food ; therefore it is a
complete manure. Superphosphates,
potash salts, nitrate of soda, etc., are
special manures, aud contain only a
part of the essential food elements.
Crops require food, aud if the soil is
not alreadv rich enough it should be
ted, because it does uot pay to grow
a starved crop.
The Oyster In a communica
tion to the Philadelphia Medical and
Surgical Journal,. Dr. Charles L. Da
na, of New York, points to some pre
valent errors concerning oysters. It
has has been sail that the oyster, on
account of its hepatic diastase, has the
power of digesting itself. In a series
of experiments, Dr. Dana has given
the mollusk some excellent opportu
nities of doing so, but it declines to
digest even its own liver. As to the
superior digestibility of raw oysters
over cooked, it was found that when
boiled for a short time, or roasted in
the shell, they were nearly if not
quite as rapidly dissolved as the raw.
Cooking, iu fact, loosened the muscu
lar fibrils, thus allowing the peptic
juice to penetrate.
Water for Swine. There are
many farmers who think it unneces
sary to give a drink of water to a pig
but who consider the slop that it re
ceives as ample for its needs, or that
when a pig is fattening dry food only
is needed and that water makes soft
pork. There are many more who are-
hard ly so ignorant as this, yet act
precisely as though they were, and
neglect to provide any water for their
stock but what they can procure from
pond holes or sloughs. The conse
quence is disease and death. Pure
water is indispensible to the health of
all kinds ot stock.
Hogs are Trumps. flogs arc
trumps and are likely to be for years
to come. Yes, he is the fellow that
buys the farm, or takes off the mort
gage he calls around every year
no waiting on him for two or three
years as with cattle, or five or six as
with the horse. He comes down with
the cash yearly, .pays when properly
bred and cared for, better dividends
than bank stock, government bonds
or any other investment in propor
tion to capital invested or labor ex
pended. So says I. Failor, iu Iowa
Too gamy : At a restaurant. Din
ner "Here, waiter, I say, confound
it, this game is too much so !" Wait
er, blandly "Beg pardon, sir, but
you're mistaken, sir. It's the other
gentleman's fish at the next table,
How friendships are kept warm :
Mrs. Jones "Oh, I've left out the
Browns! Must we invite them?"
Jones "Hang it all, it's a beastly
bore, but I suppose we must." Mrs.
Brown "An invitation from the
Joneses, love. Must we axcept?"
Brown "Confound it! It's a ghastly
nuisance, but I suppose we must."
Pruning. During the last of this
month and the first of June, is the
most favorable time for pruning fruit
Mees. If the limbs be large, cover
the sriimns with anvthin? that will
i - j - m
. V,. Agncouura. xu..esto. .
The coal fields of Chatham and
Moore. aud those of Rockingham and
n exienneu ten nines more, uneoi
the seams is six and a half feet thick
The area, as calculated By Em-
-non., b 300 .qare mil.. The light-
ing ana heating power 01 tins coal
I I ....! - .. C. I 1. .
"as ocen leeueu aim iuuiiu niuai iu
that of the best iu the mai
of coal have been found in Rocaing-
ham and btokes three and four feet
thick. Prof. Kerr says the outcrops n the cail of a deed may be correct
show that the coal is continuous , ed when the means of correcting the
through the whole length of the belt ' name are furnished by more certain
in this State, which is above thirty descriptions contained iu the deed ;
miles. AU the coal of the Southern ' and where there is a discrepancy be
States is distinctly bituminous ; these tween the course and distance and the
latter are semi-bituminous the near- other descriptions, the former must
est aproach to anthracite that is to be give 'av-
found south of Pennsylvania. We
1 - ., A 1 mA.1 wwi mi. AM A 1 AaMi. '
ft nun siiiiuoi uuiuiiig vi uui UKa i uciua
except what is shown by the outcrops
and when we compare these surface
indications with the fact stated by ;
Page in his economic Geology, that,
the average thickness of seams which
are worked iu Great Britain is from
six to nine feet, we have every reason
to put a very high estimate upon our1
own coal resources to conclude that
they would suffice for the support of
manufactures of national importance
Yet what these resources actually are
we are profoundly ignorant. j
The process of boring iu Prof. Olm- j
sted s day was slow and costly. Mod
ern inventive genius is iu no art more
conspicuous than in this. 1 he Beau
mont Diamond Drill may be regard
ed as having reduced to a minimum
both time and cost in boring opera
tions. It enables us to form a per
fectly accurate judgment of the suc
cessive strata through which it passes
since it brings up a "core," as it is
styled of each. In no way could n
few thousand be so beneficially em
ployed by the board as in th is work
carried on under the superintendence
of the Geologist. It cannot be doubt
ed that if the existence of coal in
what is called woikable quantities
shall be demonstrated, the discovery
would be followed by a great influx
of capital and population that our
State would speedily become the seat
of great iron and other iudustries.
A word for the Mole.
Mr. Webber, one of the savnns of
Zurich, Switzerland, recently exam
ined the stomachs of a number of
moles caught in different localities,
but failed to discover therein the
slightest vestige of plants or roots ;
but on the contrary, they were filled
with the remains of earth worms.
He shut up several of these animals
in a box containing earth and sod
with growing gras, and a small case
of grubs and earthworm. In nine
days two moles devoured 341 white
worms, 193 earthworms, 25 caterpil
lars and a dead mouse. Fed with a
mixed diet of raw meat and vegeta
bles, the moles ate the meat, but did
not touch the plants; and when
vegetables exclusively were dealt out
to them, in twenty-four hours both
died of starvation.
We cannot conceive what better
evidence is needed of the character
and habits of the mole. When lawns
show the presence of many moles,
we may be sure that the usurious
white worm, which is very damaging
to the sod, greatly abounds there, and
the mole is the best agent to exter
Oub Spring Proverbs. " When
April blows his horn, 'tis good for
both hay and corn." So runs the old
proverb. -By many the backward
ness of the season is regarded unfa
vorably, but it is a fact that the most
productive years are usually those in
which the spring is cold. The fear
of frost is much less among fruit
growers at the present time than it
would be had Match and April been
warm months. There is a saying that
"as many frostises iu May" are to be
expected as there are "mistises in
March," and as Mas both dry and
cold, the proverb indicates that no
frost is to be feared in May this year.
There is reason to regard the pros
pect for any greatcrop as unfavora
ble. The outlook for fruit is espe
cially good, and as to crop prospects
generally, the discomfort of this chil
ly weather may be somewhat allevia
ted by faith in the proverb. "A
cold April the barn will fill."
A thoughtful uncle: Rich uncle to
his physician "So you think there is
hope lor me?" "Not only that, but I
can assure you that you are saved.?
"Very well, I wish you would inform
my nephew: but break the news gent-
guprerne Courtof Nort,
rma has Intel v rendered t d.5a
tons in reference to land case.;
not specifically executed where
the memorandum thereof contains the
words "Une hundred acres," but fails
to it. bmmi TUU im.
perfect description is a fatal defect.
.Ani rannnf IP ndixi hv nn
A mistake as te course aud distance
A widow is entitled to dower only
the Umbma(l haa a in iB law or a
u at duH
mwiu9.9und therefore she if
not dowalle of a nvenlon wr ntMfkm
K expectUlt u aiL eiltate of frce.
i i 1 1
in sa t ou utA i f s ii nai!fo r rr t4 a LisU
Just Like "Km.
Two ladies who were bound some
where in company yesterday entered
a u'oodwarl avenue car together,and
no sooner seated than both made a
dive for their purses.
"Oh, let me pay !" pleaded one.
"Oh, I could't think of it I"
"Oil. do now ; I have just the
"Oh, but I have tickets.
"Ye, but you paid the last time.
She was hurriedly searching thro'
her porte-monnaie, but didn't seeic to
"I told you I had !"
And the second began a search in
a wijd manner, emptying out pins,
needles and buttons, but no money.
"Why ! I do declare?" gasped the
"Strangest thing I ever saw!'' add
ed the second.
"I'll pay for both," observed a man
on the eat opposite, and he marched
up, fumbled through his pockets aud
held out a battered quarter to the
driver. The latter would not
take it, and the man marched out and
slid off the platform in the most
solemn manner, aud at the next
crossing the ladies said they had ta
ken the wrong car, rang the bell
and got off. Jf. Quad.
It is now not far from time for Re
publican and assistant Republican
papers to spring up to poison the
minds of the people. The State will
be flooded, next year, with this class
of literature, which will be paid for
and sent out by the - Republican
managers. It is always in season to
warn the public against a hireling
press. A corrupt press, one which
expresses bought opinions, one which
is paid to preach certain doctrines, is
an unqualified curse. The people
should beware especially of mush
room growths, corrupt and irrespon
sible. No paper that speaks any
oilier than what are known to be its
honest convictions is worthy the con
fidence of any honest man, A paper
that is not dependent upon the people
but can exist with or without their
patronage is altogether untrustworthy.
A "fashion" item says : "The lo
zenge shape is the most fashionable
for pills, which should be coated with
silver, and look very inviting." This
appears to be a new departure in
fashion intelligence, and next it will
be iu order to describe whether the
new shape in porous plasters is octa
gon or oblong, and if they are trim
med with gimp braid or guipure lace,
and we may be told that the most
fashionable tints in castor oil are
terra-cotta and fawn color, and liver
pads are cut in the form of a heart,
with scallaped edges and Uncd with
ciel-blue satiu. Horridovon Herald.
"So you has done lef de Joneses i !"
remarked Matilda Snowball to Eliza
Pinkston, both colored, as tfiey met
on Austin avenue. "You bet I leffed
'em. Dey cotched me wid a dollar I
found on de mautelpiece an tuck it
awav from me, so I jes' quit 'em."
"You is a fool uiggah. I wouldu t
have leff till I doue got my dollar
back White folks am so, presum'
In July next an Educational Con
gress will meet in Rio Janeiro, under
a call from the Brazilian govern
ment of the United States i'bts been
requested to furnish the best speci
mens of work done in the public
schools of this country.
North Carolina Lai
NEW SPRING GOODS!
. KLUTTZ &
SX3 KSSi JS
i . . . .
of which they offer as cheap as the cheapest.
at II .. am 1 a. I .1
LARGEST ASSORTMENT OP
NOTIONS, CLOTHING, FURNISHING GOODS, SHOES, Ladies' and Men's HATS,
AND FAMILY GROCERIES
they have bought for many seasons. 3T"A new stock of TABLE and GLASSWARE.
FULL ASSORTMENT OF FIVE CENT TINWARE.
We still have the best FLOUR, OAT MEAL, MEAT8. SUGARS, TEAS.
COFFEES, RICE, CANNED FRUIT8, JFLLIE8, PURE LARD, BRAN,
MEAL, New Orleans MOLASSES and SYRUPS, &c. A full assortment of
FAMILY MEDICINES. Agents for Coats'
ui.v.H), wiucu is gdrirst class, ana winco we otter tor 400 lbs. of Lint Cotton.
Oome and See us
before you buy or sell, for wc will do you good.
W. W. TATLOn D. J. hum I AN.
April 12, 1883
A Texas Slayer Slaiu.
Galvestox, May 21. A special from
Henrietta, Texas, says C. M. Burgess, who
killed R. M. Donley last November, was
shot and killed yesterday by W. R. Cur
tis, oue of the largest stock owners in
Texas. At the postoffice daring the de
livery of the mail, Uurgess, it is stated,
shoved Curtis roaghly aside; hot words
passed when Burgess tried to shoot, but
Curtis was quicker aud shot Burgess, who
turned aud staggered towards the door,
Curtis still firing on him. Burgess took
only a few steps and fell dead only two
feet from where he had killed Donley.
Two men were accidentally wounded but
it is thought not seriously. Curtis at
once surrendered to the authorities and
requested an immediate trial. He sent
word from the jail t the wounded men
that he would pay all their expenses for
time last and if permanently injured
would fully provide for them. Burgess
intended to kill Curtis at the shooting of
Donley and is alleged to have threatened
Curtis' life on severnl occasions. Public
sentiment is evidently with Curtis.
If the negro
is entitled to educa
tion, let him earn it tor hitnselt and
children in the sweat of his own face,
as falls to the lot of the white men of
the State. If he can attaiu it in this
way he is emit! ted to have it; but
if he can get it only by taxing the
white people then he is not entitled
to it, should uot have it, and every
white man in the State should pro
test against it. Wadeebaro intelli
gencer. Death of Lydia Pink am. Ly
dia Pinkhain, a well known patent
med i ine proprietor,' died at Lynn,
Mass., aged 64. She began by manu
facturing her medicine in a tea ket
tle, and in a few years built up a
business of $300,000 a year. She
spent $190,000 per annum in adver
tising. Barley is driving oats from many
of the best farms in Vermont, being
a first class grain to sow with grass
seed, aud yielding thirty to fifty
bushels per acre, worth more per
bushel than corn for perk, beef, milk
The day of feeding large quanti
ties of corn to an animate for a score
or more of months is past, and thrifty
young steers off from good pastures,
with a few weeks finishing off with
corn, are sufficient to furnish the beef
of the future.
H,n b:,rl- l.na been crnawpd
or scraped off from a tree the new
bark may le made to grow agaiu by
covering the denuded place witn wilt produce diptheria sooner than
clay. It has been made to grow in any other nuisance about the house,
this way without leaving a scar.
even. Most of the Treasury girls at
, I Washington are said to have their
One of the important points in salaries mortgaged three mouths a
plauting seeds is to press the soil head.
very firmly upon the seeds. In set-
ting young plants the same thing
should be remembered. It is also
beneficial to strip off some of the
Twenty-two deaths from yellow
fever iu tlavauiia nunug tue past
m ww a" j a
a, fwll a a -
They have now i a Store the
Spool Cotton. Agents for the EMPIRE
J. R. KEEN,
Salisbury, N. C .
Apt for PflWIX IROr WORKS,
nflrines. Boilers, Saw Mills,
. Contractor and Builder.
Ja as, to. ijr
1 r ui
fcrfR3J 5J LCD
A COOK COW and CALF
FOR SALE !
A good Cow, of medium age, and a young
calf, will be sold at a fair price, Cow is
giving milk. Apply at this Office.
James Yoqng, the famous chemist,
who died in London at the age of
seventy-two, is credited with having
made first practical use of petroleum
as an illuminating oil. This was in
1847 at a coal mine in Derbyshire.
t is the opinion of the Birming
ham Iron Age that the best school
for Southern negroes, and white men,
too, is the industrial school to teach
them how to make a living.
Ltxchburg, VA.May 23. Snow fell
last night a foot deep on the Hue of the
Richmond and Alleghany Railroad, be-
j tween Lyuchbarg aud Clifton Ford. The
w"er is exceeding cold and doing Con
sidsrable damage to the crops.
I It is said that a decaying cabbage
The Edinburg Medi
deavors to show that
I Hon. Phil. B. Thomson.
on trial at Harrodsburg, Ky
- m ar mar i i a
muruer oi r xt ux is, vvus acquit
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M a m S H Hal O c5 - Js
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do all that he claims.
exclude air and water.
ly to him. Jfltegende Blatter.