01 ST. THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY. V. C, FEBRUARY 21, 1884.
E I Y
aaVstaflL -v 4.. sbW istBLsaWeaf
'liink just a moment! It may be greatly to your profit
To Buy Your
KAINIT, ACID, PHOSPHATE AND GUANOS
ii u a T i i a 1t
om One to whom you can sen your coiion, cc. i nave now reauy inn am senium
every nay lor casn. or on time to suit my customers,
which is the best acid sold in the State beyond doubt. Also, the
ASHEPOO ACID PHOSPHATE,
hich stands so high in Georgia and South Carolina that they pay $1 pT ton more for
wa. W I 11 a II x A . a. aL 1 1
than fr other brands, iiui l yyju sen at a smau prom to ineci prices or otner uranus.
Also, 1 nave tue best
ON SALE IN THE COUNTRY.
hose Goods for Composting, Jfcc., are the very best that can be got anywhere. There
none better. Call at once, get prices and pnt fn your orders.
J. P. GASKTLL.
The Silver Lining.
T jf re 's never a day ao sunny
But a little cloud appears ;
here's never a life ao happy
Bat has its time of tears ;
et the son shines out the brighter
Whenever the tempest clears.
There's never a garden growing
With roses in every plot;
There's never a heart so hardened
But it has one tender spot ;
We have only to prune the border
To find the forget-me-not.
There's never a sun that rises
Bat we know 'twill set at night ;
The tints that gleam in the morning
At evening are just as bright,
And the hour that is the sweetest
Is between the dark and light.
There's never a dream so happy
But the waking makes us sad ;
There's never a dream of sorrow
Bat tue waking makes as glad j
We shall look some day with wonder
At the troubles we have had.
In Earth and Heaven.
Yon pity me, sitting lonely
In the dark of the summer day
When home to your happy hearthstone
The children come from play.
I feel your eyes upon me,
As you stroke the curly heads,
And get the darlings ready
For their cosy little beds,
Bat I am not so lonely,
For years aud years ago,
Before my brow was wrinkled
Or my hair was full of snow,
A baby lay on my bosom
Winsome as those you kiss
And I learned in one brief summer,
What a mother's Heaven is.
Since he died I have not forgotten,
Though my arms will ache to hold
Again to my heart the baby
With hair of morning's gold,
1 hat I am au angers mother,
And so, wheu your babes you kiss.
I kiss my child who is wating
In another world than this.
1 ever you had a showing for fine prices, it is in
the crop of Tobacco to be planted this year.
Wa keep a store, and strive to have in that store everything a farmer would like
buy, both tor himself and his family. We want our customer to be a cheerful man,
ad if lie has money in his purse he trill be cheerful ; but he can't be if, when he comes
sell his crop, k brings him little or nothing. Everybody knows that on the fertilizer
18 uses, allowing the season to be at all favorable, depends the resnlt of his crop, and
his being the case, he has no right to risk that crop on anything that has not been
ried and proved. The following will show what has been ''tried and proved," in the
fertilizer way, on fine tobacco, and Major Ragland, of Halifax county, Va., the great
tobasco authority, and grower of pedigree tobacco seed, is the man who tells about it.
f anybody luawt what tobacco is he certainly does:
"There are several brands of fertilizer manufactured specially for tobacco, differing
in composition, price, and merit ; and after repeated experiments with most, if not alt
the best, the author gives it as his decided opinion, that for fixe, bright, tilhj tabiecc
&0THIHG, EQUALS the
robaeeo Fertilizer, prepared by the Southern Fertilizing Company, Richmond, Na.
Lad this opinion is based upon seventeen years' trial, and often in competition with the
it of other brands on the market. It is a tried and proted fertilizer, which the plant
can use without the risk of getting something unsuited to his crop; and therefore I
can recomnicd it with confidence."
Mossra. Mathews & Williamson, of Reidsville, N. C, wrote the following to the
Company, and state that they have seen nothing since to change their judgment.
"From our own personal experience, and it covers a long time, in watching the re
sults from the use of various brands of commercial fertilizers handled in this section, it
in a. . e ..a i a eaaasBBi eaaaBB a. am aaaa. aaam 'a'" a t 1 T aw a
"uur ""urc judgment mat the 'AUvbOa SAAIVU' stanas at me neaa 01 an nnnmmntm . nvnUaUlv Knolw ,
for the production ofjfae, ssli, yellow tobacco." The plant seems to receive more fitting
HOliriwIim nf 'r,,,, t 1... t.ar. t,a ..;!. .1,., ...... ,.lKn. nrA w a art. f
tk.t ;r ... -1 , f.. , ' isu. .1 boldly threaten to burn the jail aud hang
"u laiiucis uiaue 11 ineir siaim in, we wuuiu neur less ui nyut iimnv iuuowu,
having some color but no body, and that the farmer would realise the result he ought
enjoy from hije labor; for low-grade tobacco will not bring big money.
Now we want you to have 4big money" for your crop; because we not enly desire
you to make go. bills with us, but pay for them when they are made ; hence wc han
dle the 'Anchor Brand,' and will supply you, in quantities to suit, direct from the
fsctory. We don t want people to abuse us about their fertiliser; we, therelorc, sell
aly what time has shown to be the best. So, make no arrangements in this line, until
you see or confer with ua. You certainly can't afford to take anv risk this year.
J. D. GASKILL.
Terrible Tragedy in Arkansas.
Hot Springs, Ark., Feb. 9. A. terrible
tragedy was enacted on the maiu street
of this city this morning at about 11
o'clock. Three brothers uamed Frank,
Jack, and William Flynn were proceed
ing home iu a hack when a party of sev
en men, armed with double-barrel led
shotguns aud Winchester rifles, stepped
out from the door of a saloon and ojtriird
fire. The Flyniis were aimed but the
attack was totally unexpected. Jack
Flynn was shot through the head by a
ball from a Winchester rifle and died in
a few miuutes. William was shut thro'
the breast, aud the wound will probably
prove fatal. Frank received a shot thro'
the hand inflicting a slight wound. Frauk
Hall, the driver of the hack, was shot
through the back of the neck, aud died
an hour afterward. Robert Hargrave, a
bystander, was shot through the breast,
and will probably die. J. H. Ciaig, a
prominent lumberman, received a charge
of buckshot through the back, aud his
condition is considered precarious.
The difficulty originated some weeks
ago in au effort of Frank Flynu to pre
vent one Dorun from opening a gambling
house. It culminated at the time in Do
ran making a cowaidly attempt to assas
sinate Frank, failing in which he fled the
city. He returned u few nights ago, but
Flynn was unaware of his presence in
the city until the fatal volley opened on
him. The seveu men who did the shoot
ing were arrested aud are now in jail.
They are S. A. Dorau, two Prnitt broth
ers, a man named Howell and three oth
ers. Tne most iuteuse excitement pre
vails, and strong threats of lynching the
prisoners are made. Citizeus are loud in
their condemnation of the murderous aud
cowardly act. Judge Wood has been
telegraphed to by leading citizeus re
questing him to adjourn his court at
Malvern and return here and hold a spe
cial session to try th murderers. If he
consents, the law will probably bo allow-
to take its coure : if not the citizens
When I determined to go to farm
ing, five years ago, I saw that it would
not do to farm in the old way. I saw
farmers around me getting poorer ev
ery day, though they worked like
slaves. I saw them starving their
land so that each year their yield was
scantier and their farms less valuable.
I saw that it was still the plow fol
lowing the axe, and that as fast as the
farmer starved out a pi ce of land he
cleared out a new piece. Worse than
all, I saw that my own land rented
to small farmers was
35 PER CENT POORER AND LESS VAL
thau it was a few years ago, and that
it would soon cease to pay me rent.
I knew that Georgia was blessed with
the best conditions of season and soil,
and that if properly treated il would
yield large results.
I therefore selected sixty-five acres
of the poorest land I had and went to
work. The first thing, of course, was
to enrich the soil. To do this there
was but one way, to feed it, and give
it more food than the crops took from
it,, and above all to give it proper
food. I knew that certain phosphat
ic manures stimulated the soil so that
it produced heavy crops for a while
and then then fell off. I wanted none
of these. I did not believe in soil
analysis. That was not exact enough.
'What I wanted was to know ex
actly what a perfect cotton plant took
from the soil. That ascertained, then
restore to the soil exactly those ele
ments in larger quantity than the crop
had abstracted from it. This is the ba
sis of intensive farming, and it will
always give land that is richer year
after year. I had a cotton plant an
alyzed, and found that I needed eight
elements in my manure, which com
mercial fertilizers furnished only three
a . i l t . t n
ana tue sou only one. l therefore
determined to buy chemicals and mix
them with humus, muck, decayed
leaves, stable manure and cotton seed
till I ha J secured exactly what was
needed. I did so, and at last produc
ed a perfect compost for cotton. 1
then ascertained that my crop of eight
bales had taken out of each acre of
my land as much of the constituents
of cotton as was held iu 250 pounds
of my compost. I therefore nut 500
pounds of compost on each acre, re
storing double what the crop of the
year before had taken out. The re
sult was that I made four bales extra.
I then restored double what the twelve
bales had taken out and made twenty
three hales. I doubled the restora
tion the next year and got forty-seveu
bales. I doubled again, and this year
have at least eighty bales."
"The manure cost me $3.60 a thou
sand pounds, j he first year I put
500 pounds to the acre cost 1.80 an
hundred pounds, take again two hun
dred pounds acid phosphate and one
hundred pounds kainit, mix and
spread over the seed, begin on the
manure and keep on in this way,
building up your heap layer by layer
until yon get it as high as conveni
ent, then cover with six inches of rich
earth from the fence corners, and
leave at least a week ; when ready to
haul to the field cut with a spade or
pickaxe square down and mix as
thoroughly as possible. Now, we
have thirty bushels of manure weigh
ing nine hundred pounds, and three
hundred pounds chemicals in the first
layer, and thirty bushels cotton seeds,
weighing nine hundred pounds, and
three hundred pounds of chemicals in
the second layer, and these two layers
combined for the perfect compost.
You perceive that the weight is 2,400.
valued at cost is:
30 bushels cotton seed -400
pounds acid phosphate
200 pounds kainit
Stable manure nominal.
Or for 2,400 pounds a total value of
nine dollars and sixty-five cents.
This mixture makes practically a
perfect manure for cotton and a splen
did application for corn. It restores
to the soil everything the cotton tosk
from it, except silica, which is in the
soil in inexhaustible quantity. So
that when yon put in a lurger quanti
ty of these than the cotton took out,
your soil is evidently richer. T have
shown you the money profit in man
ure. I've shown you the added val
ue it gives to laud. There are many
other advantages. You make your
crop quicker and with less danger.
1 made last year, mark this, forty
seven bales on sixty-five acres in three
months and five days. It was plant
ed June 5th, aud the caterpiler finish
ed it on September 10th. I showed
the agricultural society a stalk five
feet high with 126 bolls by actual
count ou it. The seed from which this
plant grew was planted just fifty-nine
days before. Cotton growu this way
can be picked with half the cost and
time of ordinary cotton. On my cot
tou land this year I raised 100 bush
els of oats to the acre, aud after clean
ing off the stubble I plamlted the
cotton, one stalk of which I showed
"One is not to drop the cotton seed
in a continuous row. but simply to
put a few seed in the hill where you
want a plant. By strewing the seed
in a sprinkled row tnere is a sreat
waste. A cotton seed is like an egg
when the chick is bom there is noth
ing but the shell left. The fertilizing
power of this seed is lost. Worse thau
this. It draws from the soil for the
elements that make it grow. It is
left to deplete the soil iu this way for
two weeks at least, and is then chop
ped down, leaving: onlv one out of
a ' w m
twenty plants to grow to fruitage.
- , gm w - i ft r I 1
acre, or $111 lor sixty-nve acres, rsui my pian is 10 piani iour or nve seen
my crop rose from eight to twelve
bales, the extra tour bales giving me
Mysterious and Horrible Suffer
ings of a Peunsylvauian.
A most remarkable case of human suf
fering, says a Philadelphia special to the
Baltimore Day, and one which has stead
ily baffled medical science, is reported in
Springfield, Erie county, Pa. William
Xf'JAjK) surplus, or $$6 net on my
manure. Next year my manure,
(1,000 pounds to the acre) cost $235 ;
butmy crop iucreused to twenty-three
bales from eight on u.. manured
land. These extra bales give me $750
or a net profit on manure of $516.
The next year I used 2,000 pounds
per acre at a cost $7.25 au acre, or
$471 for total. But my crop went
from eight to forty-seven bales, giving
increased income of $1,500. This
year I use 4,000 pounds on an acre,
costing $14.50, or $942 for total man
ure. But my crop is at least eigiuy
bales with this mauure, where it was
eight without. This increase of seventy-two
bales is worth $3,600. De
duct cost of manure $940 and we have
$2,650 as the profit on nse of manure."
"And then the laud is so much
"Certainly. It is worth $100 an
acre, where it was formerly worth $5.
You must credit the mauure with
"I shall double my manuring next
year, putting 8,000 pounds to the
acre. I believe I will get 150 bales
from the 65 acres. I hope to push it
up to three hales an acre. I have a few
acres on which 1 put iu,uuv pounqs
sell, no phosphates, no fancy seed, no
land. What I have done has been
with common seed on poor land, with
cheap manure, and any man, without
price or purchase, can do what I have
done. I am satisfied to make ray
money out of the ground, I want none
from my fellow-farmers.
"The difficulty with us all is that
we try to farm too much land. I'm
good for $3,000 with two mules and
sixty-five acres. Next year I'll beat
this. In the meantime, I'm 'bring
ing up1 twenty-five new acres. I nev
er want over one hundred acres. These
I will cultivate with three mules, and
I'll make 250 bales of cotton on them
besides all the corn and oats I need.
"I am anxious," he added, "to see
ray plan adopted. If it is done we
shall have the best State in the world.
Why look at France. Her recupera
tive power is the wonder of the world.
And what is it based on? Simply that
she can raise two crops one of those
a lentil crop in oue season. But in
middle Georgia I can raise three crops
per season ou a piece of land and
leave it richer than wheu I started,
viz : oj ts, cotton or corn and peas.
There is nothing like it. Give me
100 acres of laud like the sixty-five
that I own now, and I don't want an
orange grove, or a factory, or a truck
farm, or anything else. 1 can live on
my 100 acres of Georgia scrub land
like a king, and lay up money every
year. Any Georgian cap
in five years if he wants it,
1 have followed will I
triii? it uist i
sure as the sun brings heat and "light."
What tde Mcxjcah Pensions will
Cost. If the bill recently rrported from
the House committee on PenNm, which
provides for the payment of peueions to
soldiers of the Mexican and Iudiaa warn,
becomes a law it is estimated that the
T!Uf,L,,e Governraent will be about
V J ,370,496, and that the average life of
each pensioner will be about fourteea
years. There are lieing to-day 11,000
survivors of the Mexican war, and 3276
who fonght in the Florida, Creek and
P;8 Hawk wars, making a total of
14,276 soldiers who will receive psasteos
if the bill become a law.
Canine Itelligenck. The latest stery
of canine intelligence comes from San
Francisco. A gentleman, fond of whisky
punch, on one occasion, after taking his
third glas, incautiously trod upon his
favorite dog, which usnally lay upon the
hearth rug in front of him while he in
dulged iu his putations. After that the
dog carefully watched bis master after
dinner, and the moment the second tum
bler was finished gravely left the room.
The skin of a boiled egg is the most ef
ficious remedy that can bo applied to a
boil. Peel it carefully, wet, and apply it
to the part affected. It will draw off the
matter and relievo the soreness in a tew
kBh MJheS e mA?
This Space Reserved
SHEPPARD, SWINK & MONROE,
For the Sale of
Salisbury, N. C.
f i ' i
i . i
Fergersou, when 7 years of age, was of compost as an experiment, ana ev
seized with severe pains in his right haud ery acre of it will give me three bales
aud though he is now 46 years of age, he this year."
has been hnnuallv attacked, sineularlv. 1 THE FORMULA- FOR THE COMPOST.
though at each time sufferiug more
at the preceding.
Convulsions and paroxysms now
thau Here is my formula : lake thirty
bushels of well-rotted stable manure,
visit nr well-rotted organic matter, as
I will have this Season in larger quantity than ever before, the old relia
ble SEA FOWL GUANO
FOR COTTON. It is $ pleasure to sell this brand because it pleases. And one fact
Worthy of notice is, that it has increased in sales the last two years, w hich no other
Ku nas done in this market Also, I will have
HYMANS & DANOYS
which is one of the favorites of Cabarrus farmers.
f 0 othr brand stands any higher with them, and we all know that they are good and ordeal. On being restored he becomes t:nu tvl me bv the tou 814 deliv
successful fanners- and especially raise firfc large crops of Cotton. : perfectly well, and is only troubled at "J JL V7 foTlOO youndfl and
And to accommodate my friends and customers, I will keep on band a fulUtoek of intervals of a year, but with positive reg- er' Jrfd .J,!... and kainit
""'f This case can only be accounted for bv thorough v. then scatter evenly on
KC c, that I will sell for cash of barter Vcr low. Also, will sell on time the fact that Forgersou's mother, shortly tie manure. Then next thirtv btish-
HTIIave a small lot of prime CLOVER SEED. his birth, saw the contortions and j cotton seed aud distribute
T Tl HJ-AQITTTT evidences of agony in a snake which had c, . t i i,,
, U ttAflUAaU beeu t,,rwwu iUloJ,c Bt aild Iie lia8 evenly over the pile, and wet them
shall sooa have completed themotf convenjen.',, Guano Warehouse lafown near noUaes' Tan Yard, coine thus birth-marked. thoroughly ; they will WCih uine
him at exactly the same period of the leaves, muck, etc., and scatter it about
. year, and always at the same hour in the three inches thick upon a piece ot
evening. He is now suffering the most ground so situated that water will not
acute agony, and is visited by scores of statnd ou it, but shed off iu every di
physicians, who iu every case have been ' rection. The thirty bushels will
bafhVd. By this peculiar freak of nature weieh abou, nine hundred- pounds ;
his body becomes terribly contorted. 1 1 feJ hundred pounds of good
Respiration almost ceases, and he be , . ' ,. , ' ' mn a00 rn
come, for the time being nnconscioas, phosphates, which cost me per
and on awakening shows every evidence ton delivered, making the 200 pounds
of having passed through a most terrible cost S2. 25, and 100 pounds kainit,
in a hiil. The hills to stand in four
feet squares. Of these I would let
two plants to the hill grow to perfec
tion. It takes from two to lour
bushels of seed to plant an acre iu the
old way. By my plan a peck to the
acre is enough, aud the soil is not
drawn to support a multitude of sur
plus plants for two or three weeks.
Planting in four foot squares is better
than the old way.
"Cotton is a sun plant and needs
room for its roots. Wneu cramped
to 12 or 15 inches it cannot attain its
perfect growth. My aim is to put
the plants two together iu four foot
squares, and average 75 to 150 bolls
to the plant. This will give me a
pound of seed cotton to the plant, or
three bales to the acre.
"I never touch it with a hoe. The
growth of cotton comes from the
spreading filaments that reach out
from the root and feed it. Il" these
are destroyed the growth stops until
they are restored. I am satisfied that
three hoeings lost me eighteen days
of growth or six days each. 1 run
a shallow plow along the cotton rows
and never go deep enough to cat the
roots. But there are more details in
which men may diner, lhe main
thine is the intensive system of ma-
nurine and the husbanding all tue
droppings and wastage of the farm for
mmnost. I can take 100 acres
of land in Georgia, aud at a norniua
cost cau bring its productiou from a
sixth of a bale to three bales an acre
in five years. Any man can do it.
"My tenants are adopting the in
iPiisive nlan. and are very much en
couraged. Some few neighbors are
usine mv formula, X have sent out
I a.iimose five hundred formulas for
composting. The speech I made be
fore the agricultural association crea
ted more excitement thau anything
for vears. The members did not rel
ish my statements, I saw plaiuly.
They sent E. G. Greer, the secretary,
to Milledgeville to see my crops and
verifv rov statements. He is to-day
the most enthusiastic man in Georgia
ver thesvsteiu I am working on.
"You understand," added Mr. Fur
man, iu conclusion, "that 1 have no
possible interest iu the matter outside j
of my crop. I have no receipt to
And will completely change the blood In the entire system in three months. Any
person who will take 1 Fill each night from lion weens, may oe restore i
. . V . a HI II .
If Bach a thine: be possible, t or nemaic uompiunu uwsc run dtb
e them for the care of LIVER and KIDNEY diseases. Sold ci
nr sont mail for 25c in stamps. Circulars rrce. i. t. juiis.mj & lv . uoxoa,
Croup, Asthma. Bronchitis. Wearal
afo. Rheumatism. JOHKSOVS ANO
DYNE I.1NIMLNT (for Internal end tUtemul
Cte) will liKtantaneutitly relieve UMse tanSM
diseases, aud will positively care nine eases
oat of ten. Infmatlon thai will save assay
livr sent free by mail. Don't delay a matirfi
Prevention Is better thaa cure.
"leasM of the Spine. Sold everywhere. C ircular, free. 1. a JOnSSOM A CO.. Boston, Mast
WE HENS LAY
It is swan-known fact thst most of the
Bone and Cattle Powder sold in this conn
try Is worthless; that Sheridan s Condition
Powder U abeolate'y pore snd vetTvalnabto.
Doee, one leaipooniui 10 nsu pmi m
Dec. 80, 1383. lOrly
ER0NEY & BR0.
Have Largest and most Complete Stock of
Trt T-o fo-ixxxd. Ixx tlx Town oT Sa.1
A Splendid linMf black and colored CASHMERS, from 12$ to 85 cents pr yard.
have the cheapest and largest lot of SILK VLLVL1S, VfcL.Yr.ir..io, anu
TRIMMING SILKS, to be found in the citr. We offer as a
-a-; th l.tMt -hades at 10 tents nor yard. Thu Goods is worth one-third mere
cannot be had at this extremely low priee out side of oui House.
Cloaks, Circulars, Dalians ail Mr,
Are Pretty and Cheap, from $2 to $18.
4-Also, a nice line of JERSEY JACKETS, SHAWLS, KNIT JACKETS, &c.
CARPETS, BUGS, D002 HATS,
ALL SELLING CHEAP.
BOOTS and SHOES at tow price.
A nice line of Ladies' Collars, from 5 cents to 80 et
Handkerchiefs from 5 cts. to $2.
Wc arc also Aleuts for the
Aura, BaYis, & Royal Si Ma, Seiiu ftdira;
All of wiiicU we iruaranue lor nve yean .
Wc can and will v: chgip. Call and be couviuccd.
M. & B.