yOL XTTHIRD SERIES
SALISBUItY. N.C., MARCH 27, 1884.
, . - -
Mr. Jefferson Iar is.
n,p M o Beore
Isgi$toilire in Mississippi.
The Jackson (Miss.) Clarion gives
the following complete report the
peech of Mr. Jefferson Davis at the
cation extended to him by the Leg
jjlattire of that State on the 10th inst:
Frknds and BreUiren of Mississippi:
jo briefest terms, but with deepest
feeling permit me to retnrn my thanks
for the unexpected honor you have
conferred on me. Away from the po
litical Bea, I have in my secluded
home observed with intense interest
ill parsing events affecting the inter
ests or honor of Mississippi, and have
rejoiced te see in the diversification of
labor, the development of new re
sources of prosperity, and the increas
ed facilities of public education, rea
son to hope for a future to our State
more prosperous than any preceding
r Tlie safety and honor ef a re
public must rest upon the morality,
intelligence and patriotism ofthe communis"-
j Ye are now in a transition state.
which is always a bad one, both in
society and in nature. .What is o
k the result of the changes
which may be anticipated it is not
possible to forecast, but our people
have shown such fortitude and have
risen so grandly from the deep afflic
tioD inflicted upon them, that it is
fair to entertain bright hopes for the
future. Sectional hate, concentrating
itself upon my devoid head, deprives
mejif the privilege accorded to others
in the sweeping expression of 'with
out distinction ot race, color or pre
A Harmonious Alliance.
rom the Asheville Citizen.
The following is from the Greensboro
North SUite, claimed to be an "Alliance"
Patetteville, N. C, Feb. 27, 1884.
Editor North State : The issue in
the next campaign .will bo :
1st. The right of the people to select their own
2nd. An honest ballot.
Upon this platform all men of broad
liberal views can unite.
I suggest the following ticket. No
man on it has erer been defeated for
office. It would receive one hundred and
twenty thousand Republican votes and
twenty -five thousand anti-bourbon Demo
For Governor Charles Price, of Rowan.
Lieutenant orernor David A. Barnes, of Hert-
m. . I 1 '"-" TTn mmm
Supreme Court Judee Charles Clarke, of Craven.
Attomcy-oenerai Hugn Murpny, or wilso
Treasurer Johnstone Jones, of Buncombe.
;h Murphy, of Wilson
Auditor J. M. Leach. Jr.. of Davidson
Superintendent of Public Instruction F. D. Win
ston, of Bertie.
The above ticket would make the ring
s ten squirm. Liberal.
And the following extracts are from
the Asheville Jiepublican, which does not
claim to belong to the "Alliance," but
represents those straight Republicans
who claim to be honestly Republican for
the principles they think characterize
that party, and who refuse to endorse
the tricks, outrages and compromises of
Mott and his crowd. It all presents in
teresting, light literature. Says the
"We are informed that the editor of a
Liberal paper in speaking of the ticket to
be put out by the Republican and Liber
al bosses, said it would be a Democratic
tieket for which any Democrat could
vote. Such a ticket certainly will hare
vious condition; but it cannot deprive to get Democratic votea, if it gets any,
ior .Republicans win not support it."
"If we wauted the Democratic State
ticket elected, we would arrange matters
after this fashion : A coalition ticket
with a Democrat for Governor who is
the father of the illegitimate child,
called present county government, for
Lieutenant Governor, Kuklux who has
held office as a Republican, and so on
down. This would be exactly in accord-
wit h some people's idea of har-
ne of that which is nearest and dear
est to my heart, the riht to be a Mis
sissippian, and it is with great grati
fication that I receive this emphatic
recognition of that right by the rep
resentatives of our people. Reared
on the soil of Mississippi, the ambi
tion of my boyhood was to do some
thing which would redound to the
honor and welfare of the State. The
weight of many years admonishes me . ance
that my day for actual service has ! meny
passed, yet the desire remains undi- "The rank and file of the Republicans
minished to .see the people of Missis- , do not endorse Liberalism only such as
sippi prosperous and- happy, and her ( hold or seek office do endorse it. And
fame not unlike the past, gradually that number of Liberals in the State who
growing wider and -brighter as the do not sek office is so exceedingly small
years roll by. . that, in our calculation of Liberal
"It has been said that I should ap- strength, it is without significance. Those
ply to the United States for a pardon, who are the life aud soul of Liberalism:
but repentance must precede the right are, as a rule, disappointed Democratic
of pardon, and 1 have not repented, aspirants, without other grievance against
Rememberintr as I must all which the Democratic party," Ate.
has been suffered) all which has been
lost, disappointed hopes and crushed
aspirations, yet I deliberately say, if it
were to do over again, I would again
do lust as I did in 1861. No one is The latest stand for States' Rights has
i the arbiter of his own fate. The oeo- beeu taken by the New York Journal of
pie of the Confederate States did more Commerce, as is evidenced in the follow -
il proportion to their numbers and ing correspondence :
means than was ever achieved by any j Wilmington, N. C, March 8, 1883.
in the world's history. Fate decreed Editor of the Journal of Commerce:
that they should be unsuccessful in Is there any authority, and if so, how
the effort to maintain their claim to valuable, for using a plural verb with
resume the grants made to the feder- "the Uuited States f Wheu thus writ-
al government. Our ueole have ae- ten with capital letters do not Uie words
w - i & j - -
cepted the decree; it therefore be- ' refer to the nation mi government, aud as
hooves them, as they may, to promote such are uot the words termed singular?
the general welfare of the Union, to " W. & W.
suow to the world that hereafter, the Reply The Uuited state are not a
patriotism of our people is not measur-! nation, although the centralizing policy
1 by lines of latitude and loneritude. ! af our dar insists that they are. and
but is as broad as the obligations they writes the titles with an initial capital ;
nave assumed, and embraces the they are a Federal Republic ; a nation of
whole ol our ocean-bound domain. States which reserre their own rights in
Jt them leave to their children and all matters where the power is not direct
children s children the grand example w conceded to the central organization.
of never swerving from the path of The authority for recognizing this title as
auty, and preferring to return good vnva is found in the Declaration of In
ior evil rather than cherish the un- dependence, in the old articles of Confed
nianly feeling of revenge. But never eration, and in the later Constitution.
question, or teach your children to We, therefore, tho representatives of the
usecrate the memory of the dead by UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
admitting that their brothers were GENERAL CONGRESS assembled
wrong in the effort to maintain the olmnly publish and declare
overeignty, treedom and mdepend- j t,,atf ag FREE AND INDEPENDENT
flee which was their inalienable birth- STATES, they have full power to levy
f'ght. Remembering that the com- j war &c. Ti, capitals ate in the origi-
;g generation are the children ot tlie nal Irj tlie Constitution we read : "No
"'stone mothers whose devotion to titie nf Nolwlity shall be granted by the
u. uiuss in, its darken Hour sustain- United Statesman no Person holding
w me strong and strengthened the . nK. pit m- '
strong and strength
wekl cannot believe the cause for!
which our sacrifices were made can'
ever be lost, but rather hope that those
who now deiiy the justice of our as
Hted claims will learri frem experi
ence that the fathers bmlded wisely,
and the constitution should be con
strued according to the commentaries
of the men who made it. It having
been previously understood that I
would not attempt to more than re
turn my thanks, which are far deeper
lan it would be possible for me to
express, I will now, Senajtors and
Representatives, and to you, ladies
nd gentlemen, who have honored me
ith your attendance, bid you an af
fectionate, and, it may be, a last fare
member of the Phonetic Club writes
a,ki"g ns to "drop the final ue iu words
80 ending, and spell dialog, epilog, etc.,
w e arc williug te drop the ue to a
.Baited extent, but when the language
c,t,b iisks us to spell glue gl,.we protest.
anv Office Profit or Trust under them.
&e. This we take to be sufficient au
thority for the purpose.
Think just a moment! It may be greatly to your profit
To Buy Your
KAINIT, ACID, PHOSPHATE AND GUANOS
from one to whom you can sell your cotton, &c. I have now ready and am selling
every day for cash, or on time to suit my customers,
which is the best acid sold in the State beyond doubt. Also, the
ASHEPOO ACID PHOSPHATE,
which stands so high in Georgia and South Carolina that they pay $1 per ton more for
it than for other brands. But I will sell at a small profit to meet pneesof other brands.
Also, I have the best
ON SALE IN THE COUNTRY.
These Goods for Composting, &c, are the very best that can be got anywhere. There
is none better. Call at once, get prices and put in your orders.
J. D. GASKILL.
If ever you had a showing for line prices, it is in
the crop of Tobacco to be planted this year.
We keen a store, and strive to have in that store everything a farmer would like
to buy, both for himself and his family. We want our customer to be a cheerful man,
and if he has money in his purse he will be cheerful; but he can't be if, when he comes
to sell his crop, it brings him little or nothing. Everybody knows that on the fertilizer
he uses, allowing the season to be at all favorable, depends the resnlt of his crop, and
this being the case, he has no right to risk that crop on anything that has not been
tried and proved. The following will show what has been "tried and proved," in the
fertilizer way, on fine tobacco, and Major Ragland, of Halifax county, Va., the great
tobacco authority, and grower of pedigree tobacco seed, is the man who tells about it.
If anybody knows what tobacco is he certainly does:
"There are several brands of fertilizer manufactured specially for tobacco, differing
in composition, price, and merit; and after repeated experiments with most, if not all
the best, the author gives it as his decided opinion, that for fine, bright, silky tobacec
OTHING EQUALS the
Tobacco Fertilizer, prepared by the Southern Fertilizing Company, Richmond, As.
And this opinion is based upon seventeen years' trial, and often in competition with the
best of other brands on the market. It is a tried and proved fertilizer, which the plast
er can use without the risk of getting something unsuited to his crop; and therefore I
caivrecommed it with confidence."
Messrs. Mathews & Williamson, of Reidsville, N. C, wrote the following to the
Company, and state that they have seen nothing since to change their judgment.
"From our own personal experience, and it covers a long time, in watching the re
sults from the use of various brands of commercial fertilizers handled in this section, it
is our mature judgment that the 'iiNCHOR BRANS' stands at the head of all
for the production of fine, silky, yellow tobacco. The plant seems to receive more fitting
nourishment from the use of this article than from any other, and we are of opinion
that if our farmers made it their stand-by, we would hear less of light chaffy tobacco,
having some color but no body, and that the farmer would realize the result he cnght
to enjoy from his labor; for low-grade tobacco will not bring big money.
Now we want you to have "big money" for your crop ; because we not only desire
you to make good bills with us, but pay for them when they are made ; hence we han
dle the 'Anchor Brand,' and will supply you, in quantities to suit, direct from the
factory. We don't want people to abuse us about their fertilizer ; we, therefore, sell
only what time has shown to be the best. So, make no arrangements in this line, until
you see or confer with us. You certainly can't afford to take any risk this year.
J. D. GASKILL.
Colored Vote Letter from
n Colored Man.
Cor, News and Observer.
Allow this brief communication to ap
peaafa your next issne. It has been sug
gested to me by many colored voters of
Eastern North Carolina that should Maj.
John Hughes be the nominee of the Dem
ocratic party for Governor and Hon. John
S. Long for Superintendent of Public In
struction, that the Democratic ticket
would receive their hearty and unquali
fied support. But of course you and many
others of the Democratic party will con
sider this communication all gossip.
Why t Because you think on the day of
election we colored folks will all be solid
for the Republican party. Plsase consid
er and remember we have got more sense
than we used to have. Here, don't you
suppose we have got sense enough to
know that Major John Hughes is as good
a friend to us as Messrs. Price, Johnson,
Leach, etc., who used to be outspoken
Democrats, abused the colored race on
the rostrum, a thing Major Hughes did
not do when he rae for Lieutenant Gov
ernor t Again, Mr. Editor, you and oth
er Democrats may think that we colored
people have not sense enough to know
that a majority of so-called white Repub
licans are Republicans for office, aud that
it is an easy thing for one to say he is a
Republican and then not be one. You
forget that we have carefully noticed
things and find that a Democratic admin
istration is a better friend to us thnu the
one which preceeded it. You fail te think
that we colored people are aware of this
fact. Suppose we should unite our 96,
000 votes with the white Republicans'
11,000, and elect the State ticket, not one
man elected would be a representative of
the colored race the 96,000 colored votes.
Then it is true, this is a white man's gov
ernment ; then it is equally true that the
colored race should support that party of
the government who gives it the greater
benefit. We colored people are told that
the present system of county government
is a nuisance. It may be a nuisance to the
white Republicans, but certaiulj it is far
from being one to the colored race, for it
benefits the race. Why ? Because it gives
the colored people more and better
schools, &c. Because, under the admin
istration precediug this one, my race was
used by another set of white men as hew
ers ef wood and drawers of water ; and
now they are out and the present set in.
And this is why they think the present
couuty system is ot so good. Why I
am in favor of the present State adminis
tration is because it treats my race more
like fellow citizens, and their educational
interest is more carefully guarded.
and the continuity of the leads being
new a settled question, it only re
mains to settle the question of quan
tity to enable us to say that there will
in a few years be no necessity for the
United States to import $25,000,0(10
worth of tin and tin plates from Eng
land, as they did in 1882, and which
paid a duty of 45 per cent, on about
$19,000,000 of itif not more. There
is area of 5,000 to 6,000 acres in which
the surface indications justify me in
believing that tin is to be found, but
I have no doubt that it will be found
during the year 1884 at other places
in Virginia, on the line southwest of
this locality. We have several thou
sand acres of this land under contract,
but I am writing particularly now or
the "Martha Cash Mine," at which
such work has been done to justify
the assertion that we have in Virginia
a veritable tin mine, and which oc
curs over a tract of 150 te 400 acres
of laud ; a favorable locality and per
haps better than others because found
first, and found first because of a larger
outcrop here than at other places, and
at which mining above water level can
be carried on for 250 feet. There is
a fall in Irish creek at this place by
which the water can be utilized for
the cleaning of the ore for market,
and for hoistinsr the ore from the
mines, and for years without the use
A Quv,icr Call. A lady was telling
me a very funny story about the enter
taining of Lord Coleridge by George W
Childs, of this city. Mrs. Childs wishing
to have his Lordship's title duly honored,
cooched her servant aud told him to say
when awakening his Lordship in the
morning : 'My Lord, it is time to arise."
But the servant failed in distinctions rap
ping at the guest's door shouted : "My
God, it is time to get up." Imagine the
expression matutinal on the Lord's face.
The managers of the New Orleans
World's Exposition are arranging for
an international oxibition of fruits and
plants, and are erecting a horticultural
building to be six hundred feet in length
mud one hundred and fourteen feet wide.
The Mexican horticultural exhibit will
occupy five acres of this space. The
premiums offered in this department
amount in all to njore than $25,000.
I will have this Season in larger quantity than ever before, the old relia
SEA FOWL GUANO
Tlie Virginia Tin Mine.
LETTER FROM ONE OF
FOR COTTON. It is a pleasure to sell this brand because it pleases. And one fact
worthy of notice is, that it has increased in sales the last two years, which no other
brand has done in this market. Also, I will have
HYMANS & DANCY'S
which is one of the favorites of Cabarrus farmers.
No other brand stands any higher with them, and we all know that they are good and
successful farmers, and especially raise fine large crops of Cotton.
"And to accommodate my friends and customers, I will keep on hand a fullstock of
UFlonr, Corn, Meal, Oats, cotton seed Meal. Bran, Ship Stuff, Bacon, Molasses, Salt.
&c., &c, that I will sell for cash or barter very low. Also, will sell on time.
K-Havc a small lot of prime CLOVER SEED.
J D GASKILL.
I shall soon have completed the most convenient Guano War -house In Iowa aear Holmes' Taa Yard.
To the Editor of the American Artisan ,
In compliance with your request I
send you an account of the tin found
in Rockbridge county, Va. In the
month of September, 1882, Mrs. Mar-
ma u. vasn, oi jtish LreeK, in tne
northeast part of the county, discov
1 1 ' A P ' I I I
ereu a ueposu ei mineral, wtucn sue
found on her land and showed it to
Mr. Thomas Massie, of Nelson coun
ty, a prospector tor minerals and th
associate owner of this property with
Capt. James W . Henly, of Amherst
county and myself. He pronounced
it to be the oxide of tin, but did not
exhibit the specimens to be tested un
til June, 1883, when the writer and
Capt. Henly showed them to Prof.
Dewey, of the Smithsonian Institute,
when the American Institute of M in
ing Engineers visited Lynchburg, Va.,
and also to Prof. Jas. P. Kimball, of
Lehigh, both of whom pronounced
them to be the best cassiterate but
were doubtful of the quantity. We
commenced the work of development
by cross cuts in September, 1883, and
at No. 1 found a large deposit of ore,
(see McCreath's report and Camp
bell's also) which now appears as
stockwork. This has been opened by
a cut 60 feet long, 8 feet deep, and by
two cuts, 29 and 39 feet respectively,
at right angles to it. At No. 2, 700
yards 25 west of south, we have
opened a cut and found a deposit
shewing about three feet of good ore
in a vertical vein. I he interval be
tween these two points has been cross
cut to show the continuity of the vein
There are now to be seen four distinct
parallel veins, and a fifth appears by
surface indications sufficiently plain
to warrant mo in saying it is as good
as the others, and which will beepeu
ed about the 1st of March next. The
altitude of this locality. 2,700 feet
above the tide, makes it impossible n
th ftavere weather we have had this
winter to do any work and thegroum
is now covered with snow. Uur pur
,,r.mm i now. sis soon as the winter
breaks, to demonstrate by actual min
inir. that there is sufficient ore to jus
tif'y the erection of works for the con
centration and smelting of the ore ou
the ground. The quality of the ore,
its freedom from deleterious matter,
of steam. The property is nine mile,
rom Vesuvius Station, a little vil
lage on the Shenandoah Valley rail
road. A branch read down the val
ley of Irish creek to the month at
South river would intersect (he Shen
andoah Velley railroad at a distance
of twelve miles with comparative lit
tie cost. Yours trulj,
a i r, Edgar Whitehead.
Amhurst Courthouse, Jan. 22 1884.
The Brooklyn, N. Y., health depart
ment Tuesday analyted the candy known
as "rye aud rock candy," and found that
it was flavored with ' essence of whiskey
or fusel oil" in the proportion ef 0.7353
grains to the pound. The fatal dose ef
fusel oil is stated by authorities te be
from 1.4 to 1.6 grains, or about tlie quan
tity found in two pounds ef the candy.
"No," said Miss Flora, "one cant call
Mrs. Grass rery handsome or rery en
tertaining, but there is such an an air of
interest about her. She doesn't lire With
ber husband, you know."
Wrights I hdi ah Vegetable Pills
And all Bilious Complaints
ale to take, bei ng purely v
Miieing purely rentable: no
tog. Price cts. AO Druggets.
This Space Reserved
SHEPPARD, SWINK & MONROE,
Fot- the Sale of
Salisbury, N. C.
& A j
And will completely change tbo blood in tho entire system in three month. Any
person who will tako 1 PU1 each night from 1 to 19 weeks, mny be restored to sound
health, If such a thing- be possible. For Feiailo Complaints these Pills have no equal.
Physicians use them for the nro of LIVER ucd KIDNEY diseases. Sold everywhere,
or sent by mall for 25c In stamps. Circulars free. I. S. JOHNSON A CO-, Boston. Masa
Croup, Asthma, Bronchitis, Kearale
Sla. IlheuuuHJsm. Jounsok s a.no
J'YNE LINIMENT ( Intemml and ASjrasf
( sr) vru inMun;.ineuusiv reiMTe lime trrrwM
pouureiy core nine
npsi, lucking Coi
Diseases of tho Spi
naw sw emi ir-i i- - .- - : i c-.sew. aim ui
ti H LI U H l!', : ..utotu-n. if
M F3 n PI HM H H M t. r'A hv. wm freo l.y
HU N El B El E L)T"? t:i V IK to i rwuo i.
-nnaUoa thai will tare many
in.it llm't dibff , BkiftwK.
bcuer man cure.
M'fi ANODYNE L'K'Wfl'f T!!ES innoenxx Blfdlnf at mm Ung Hoarae-
"i WnMPtB fJawh, ci miiio "lan!..es. J.vM-r.tcrv. rhoien Worbo.. KUmt TroeUea, aad
Spine. SoWirorywhere. Circular, frre. i S. JOHNSON CO.. Boetou, Maaa.
It Irs well-known fart that not of iho PJJ fjl P R
llorae nd Cattle Powilir aoW In this coiui- SjJ rvj V fl 4
t rr is worthless; that Sheridan i Condition giil fi-'tj? ff
Cot h i n g on Earth will make hens K Vfl to
y Like Sheridan's Condition Pow- Q g g
'KS"',"' "rjr;'-- i n.,.. r .T,rrwh.rt. or lent br mall for hi
AUMlVBaT 'AUAI k A ,.;. VnraUhed in terse can price 1. 00; by nuiULt
Dec. W, 18S3. lfcly
ERONEY & BR0.
Have Largest and most Complete Stock of
To Toes fo
ei Ixx tlx
MIE D; .
A Splendid line of black aud colored OASIIMERS, from 12 to 85 cents per jard.
We have the cheapest and largest lot of SILK VELVETS, VELVETEENS, ssd
TRIMMING SILKS, to be found in the city. We offer as a
s-Jn th lariat shades at 10 cents ner vard. This Goods is worth one third mmn, antl
cannot be had at this extremely low priee out side of our House.,
floats, Circulars, Dalmans ani Jactets,
Are Pretty and Cheap, from $2 to $18.
JSF-Also, a nice line of JERSEY JACKETS, SHAWLS, KNIT JACKETS, etc.,
CABPETS, BUGS, D00B MATS,
ALL SELLING CHEAP.
BOOTS and SHOES at loic prices.
A nice line of Ladies' Collars, from 5 ceuts to 80 eta.
Handkerchiefs from 5 cts. to $3.
We are also Agents for the
American, Davis, & Royal St Job, SeibrlackliB
All of which we jruaranUe for five year?.
We can and will sell cheap. Call and be convinced. SI. A JL