The Carolina Watchman.
171 " 1 ' 11 "' "' 8j jj "' " t 1 1 j ii i 't M SSSSSSSSSPSSSSSssssssaaM.,..
SALISBURY. N. C, APRIL 3, 1884.
Bonded Extension Bill.
BYRON M. CUTCHEON.
! the House of Representatives,
Saturday, March 22, 1884.
Kintr in Committee of the Whole on
rf .he l'uIod, and having under considera
txsu hiii fH a 6285) to extend the time (or the
lKment of tle ux oa 01811116(1 8011:118 nw !
u CUTCHEON said :
Hr. Chairman : I shall ask the
Mention or i uiuiiiuu vm i
I ! . 1 I 4 a,. . - -v A , , , 1 .
mooients oniy, wime j. ,m.h mh-u
,jeW8 as I have upon this question
tod my reasons for opposing the bill,
nil manifest to us that the questiou
not onlj a complex one, uui il is
is a tn-
tnule has been brought about de- it thrives upon it." With the great
signed ly for the purpose of controlling , American eagle above it and the Su
preme Court standi tie behind it to
the market. In other words, it is used
lor the purpose of establishing a
monopoly in order that this great re
servo of whiskey may be held in
hand to be thrown upon the market
when needed to control it, or to be
withheld from the market when that
is necessary to keep up the price. In
other words, it is a monopoly as com
plete and much less reputable than
the great Western Union Telegraph
Company in its line or the Standard
Oil Company in its line. If these
men are exposed to risks and losses
they have exposed themselves to those
risks and losses by their owu act.
I come now to speak for a moment
of the geueral public. It is said that
the failure to pass this bill will affect
business generally, that there will be
a falling off, as was said by the gen
tleman from Kentucky Mr. Willis
the other day, in the consumption of
corn for instance. And he warned
my brethren from Kansas and Iowa
that they would be burning their
corn for fuel again before long, be
cause the consumption of corn for
this purpose would be so greatly re
duced. He named 10,000,000 bush
els per vear as the amount of this
falling off. -
Now the gentleman from Kentucky
knows that that is a phantom with
out a body, shadow without any sub
stance. In 1880 the production of
com in the United States was over
1,754,000,000 bushels. The gentle
man tells us that last year the con
sumption of corn in the manufacture
of whisky was reduced by, 1 0,000,000
bushels, about oue eighth of 1 per
cent, ot the entire production ot corn
in the country and less than 3 per
cent, of production of Illinois alone.
And the reduction in the consump
tion of corn for the manufacture of
whiskey to the amount ofoie-eighth
of 1 per cent, is to brins a business
panic upon the country, if we may
believe the gentleman from Kentucky.
lo state the proposition is all that
is needed to answer it.
As to the banks, when we compare
the small amount invested in this
bonded whisky, as compared with
the vast volume of our banking capi
tal, the prospect ot a business panic
from this source is equally absurd.
1 here is no demand from the gen
eral public lor the extension of this
a not vv
i . nomnlicated one. It
DguUir question with three aspects.
In the first place we have the busi
ng aspect f the case. In the sec
ond place we have its revenue aspect.
And in the third place, to a great
nany of us, it has a moral aspect.
First, iu regard to me uusine-s
upect of the case, thenT are four
classes that are very greatly concern
ed in the result of the action of . this
body in regard to this bill. First
ire the producers the distillers;
lecondly, the middlemen the hold
am and hankers who have loaned
upon this security ; in the third place
there are the retail ueaiers anu con
sumers ; and iu the fourth place the
Now, firsty as to the distillers
the producers. When1 they went into
this business to produce this over-
itock of whiskey wnicn it is now
asked that the Government shall as
list them in carrying, they did so
with their eyes wide open, with a full
tud coin pi el e -understanding ot all
the risks they were assuming, of the
danger of overproduction, and with a
full understanding of the tax which
(lie Government Trad against it, and
probabilities of the extension or non
extension of the bonded period. Now
hiving gone, as a speculation, into
this business, into the manufacture ot
this product which they well knew,
and we all well know, requires time
for its aging and perfection, and
where the holding of it would be for
their pecuniary advantage, they come
lo us now with a very poor grace to
uaL' na Im I km I i a r I n i it nil t tC I tlA Oltl Kl f
raiments of their business specula- bmu,ed period.
in my ooyiioou days 1 was accus
LI II! I . -
For toy part I do not believe to
the full extent iu this cry of distress.
They have overproduced. There is
no doubt about that. They knew
they were overproducing when th-y
did it. There is no doubt about that
either. They knew all the risks they
were taking iu their overproduction,
and it conies, as I before said, with
poor ;race from the producers uow to
come to this Congress and ask that
weJhall become partners with them
in their speculation, help them out of
their dilhculty, and take 4 per cent.
interest on our money as our share of
the profit, bo much lor the produ
la the second place, we have the
to see what we called scare
crows set up in the corn fields. But
the gentleman from Kentucky Mr,
Willis has s up an exceedingly
shabby and ey thin scare-crow
in the corn fields of the gentle
men from the great Northwest, but
it will not scare them to any serious
extent. For if this corn is not used
for making whisky, it will be used
for bread. But it would seem that
the gentlemen think it a pity to waste
so much coru on bread when it could
be made into good old Bourbon whis
ky, especially if the Government will
only hold it while it gets its age !
What is the proposition now before
us this business proposition, as it is
called ? It is that the tax now over-
t i a j 1 1 1 In rti a r r 1 1 f 1 1 A
uiiuwiviuwili U1JU I 11 . i
Unb. ti ..... . aue ana aooui to oecorae due, in
veu r i a. a a ii tsw iv iiibiii i m 1 1 i i l i -- -
duct have taken it. I
main, and xlmnut on
-pameeof the intern! rivrfn,,. tax fl,e Government to the whisky ring
uuc auu auuu u iu vcw.uc uur. in
a hold tins pro- . , - 0
j r.i other words, a part of the reveuueof
1 assume, in the . , . ,, . . , .
.1 the Government, shall be reloaued by
iiirely, since tne . . .. .
i . the Government to the whisky ring
I fe- " is unci inn icvc.iu ia.j . . . , . -
law .n,i u ... .. iii. in order to assist them in their specu
sw, and the previous bonded exten- . . .. ..... . . v
oii laws lations and rn their attempt to coutro
The bankers who have loaned money
upon this stock of whiskey also did
Ji with their eyes wide open, k uow
tag fully all the circumstances, know
ng the fact of overproduction, kuow-
ing the period of extension, and know
ing the measure of tax and every
ther element that Hitrd into the
question of financial speculation
hich they undertook wbeu they
either purchased this whiskey er took
t u security-fur loaus. They discoun
ted all this -when they invested, I
y, therefore, that these middlemen
Md bankers come here with an ex
ceptionally poor plea when they ask
ns to step in and take a share of the
peculation, to assume a part of the
fisk, and te take 4 per cent, of the
anioiint ofthe tax as our share of the
I come next to the third class in
vested in this matter, the consumers
d retail dealers. I undertake to say
Jhat the consumers and retail dealers
"ave no interest at all in favor of the
passage of this bill, but are interested
tttber iu the retention of the present
aud the preseut bonded period.
V,r interest certainly is to have
c"eap whiskey, aud they are therefore
not interested in the passage of this
ma It may not make whiskey more
arce or more dear, but I trust that
1 may break the compact power
"at aangerous ring which more than
onco hag corrupted the administration
of ik. r 1
7 "c government, at times too near
center of power and influ-
cetore coming to the next and last
c,ass, the geueral public, I wish just
IS Doint in aiv that tlia funt nf
r . w uc V i m w i. mm w
great overproduction aud aocu-
of stock in the whiskey
I had expected when this proposi
tion was considered that some gen
tleman would rise in his place upon
this floor aud denounce it as uncon
stitutional ; would denounce as un
constitutional the proposition that
me uovernmeiib tnjuia engage in a
speculation i n whisky. W hen
we proposed to improve the Mis-
sissippi rfciver, to go control and
curb the great "Father of Waters"
that from its fountains to the sea it
should roll peacefully, beneficently,
and not as a terror to those who
dwell upon its banks, we were told
that there was no warrant in the Con
stitution for that.
And alittle later, when it was proposed
to pass a law to stay the ravages of
pleuro-pneumonia among the herds of
our agriculturists in the East and in
the West, we were again told that
such a measure was unconstitutional.
And when we proposed, a short time
later, to make an appropriation to
save the sufferers from the overflow
in the Ohio Valley, we were gravely
informed that there were serious
doubts about the constitutionality of
sue a measure of relief.
But when it is proposed to loan
anywhere from forty-five to seventy
million of dollars for two years, at4
0f I per cent, interest, to the whisky ring,
1 have heard no one raise a voice nere
to say that it was unconstitutional. It
is unconstitutional to try to save men
from being drowned with water, but
it is strictly constitutional to save
them from being drowned in whisky !
For my own part I am not anxious
about the Constitution. As Macau ley
once said about the English constitu-
support it, and 54,000,000 of loyal
hearts ready to fight for it, I am not
anxious about the constitution. Adapt
ing itself to our growing power, our
increasing wants, and our advancing
civilisation, it is destined to survive
in transcendent vigor our fears and
anxieties, and to exceed our most san
Again, I am one of those who be
lieve that the whisky trade is not one
to be fostered or favored by our 4eg
islation. It is the great national waste
and origin of our greatest national
want. This traffic aud its resultant
evils constitute the great poisonous
cesspool of American civilization.
The eminent gentleman from Illi
nois, Mr. Morrison, who sits before
me, in advocating this bill described
this business as "a great industry,"
"avaluable industry." Mr. Chair
man, it is a great industry ; but it is
the devil's own industry 1 The men
who grow the corn, the men who dis
till the grain, the men who handle
and carry it, as well as the men who
vend and consume the product, are
simply contributing to this great na
tional cesspool. It is "au industry"
worse than wasted. Into this cess
pool are cast the life, health, fortune,
reputation aud homes of hundreds of
thousands of our people. There are
mingled murder, debauchery, drunk
enness beastliness, and every crime.
And the whisky ring fosters and pre
serves this cesspool for the sake of a
But we are told that it "brings us
revenue. That is true, and this reve
nue belongs to this Government now.
If it is collected now, it is secure for
the benefit of the whole people. If
it is not collected now, it will never
reachyour Treasury; it will never
clink in your coffers.
Mr. Willis. Why does my friend
want to take revenue from such a dis
Mr. Hutcheou. I have not time to
answer that questiou. Hire a hall
and give me half a day and I will
tell you. Laughter.
There are "millions in it." There
is too much involved to make it safe
to delay or tamper with it. A cor
ruption fund of $50,000,000 is some
thing that no honest government can
afford to have lying around loose.
"Repeal" is already the cry coming
up from different directions first
from those who want cheap whisky;
and second, from those who want re
duced interual revenue. This cry will
increase until the corruption fund will
triumph and whisky is free. But we
are told our treasury is already over
flowing. It is true, and we need it
to be full. If this Congress has the
courage and manliness In do it, we
will soon put this revenue in circula
tion to good purpose.
1. Let us attack the vast amount
of illiteracy and ignorance aud con
sequent vice in the land by the en
couragement of national education.
2. Commence an American
worthy of this Republic.
3. Improve, restrain, and control
the Mississippi River until it shall
cease lo be a terror to those w ho dwell
along its banks, aud until it shall be
come by art, as it is by nature, the
great vital artery of the Republic and
the great curb ou overgrown monopolies.
4. As this nation is, we hope, to be
perpetual, let us begin now a system
of adequate public buildings until this
Government can conduct its own bus
iness under its own roof in every town
of 10,000 populatiou in the hnd.
5. If there be still a surplus, then
the coast defense and some fostering
care ot our merchant marine may
claim a share.
And last, but uot least, provide
more liberal pensions for the widows
of those who fell in defending the na
tion s life, and the maimed and crip
pled heroes who still linger, incapable
of competing in the strenuous race of
In the language of the gentlemen
from Colorado, "unlock the lreasu
ry," put its surplus wealth in circu
lation, to bless our country, through
ueeded and legitimate expenditures,
and fill the channels of business.
But no man aud no party can gain
either honor or success on the cry of
"Iree whisky." Let us have the
courage which belongs to this hour
and place, and staud up against this
gigantic monopoly, this monstrous
temptation to corruption. In the
language of the distinguished Sena
tor-elect from Kentuky, Mr. Black
burn, "He wife dallies is a dastard
and he who doubts," or dodges, "is
damned. Laughter and aplause.J
IThis is the whisky extension bil
referred te in our last paper. It has
since been killed by a very decided
Think just a moment! It may be greatly to your profit
To Buy Your
KAINIT, ACID, PHOSPHATE AND GUANOS
from one to whom you can sell your cotton, &c. I have now ready and am selling
every day for cash, or on time to suit my customers,
which is the best acid sold in the State beyond doubt. Also, the
ASHEPOO ACID PHOSPHATE,
which stands so high in Georgia and South Carolina that they pay f 1 per ton more for
it than for other brands. But I will sell at a small profit to meet prices of other brands.
Also, I have the best
ON SALE IN THE COUNTRY.
These Goods for Composting, &c, are the very best that can be got anywhere. There
s none better. Call at once, tret prices and put in jour orders.
J. D. GASKILL.
If eve; you had a showing for fine prices, it is in
the crop of Tobacco to be planted this year.
The Rev. J. S. Heilig, says the Cou
cord Register, has accepted a call to the
pastorate of the Lutheran church at Har
per's terry, Va., aud regrets the loss of
so able and faithful a minister of tli
tion, "it has been ruined so many
times that it has become used to it ; Gospel and so pleasant a family.
North Carolina Inventions.
Mi. E. W. Stubbs, of the well
known firm of Stubbs & Sons, of this
place, has just been granted letters
patent on his Turbine Wheel. Mr.
Stubbs has been engaged in manufac
turing turbine wheels for the last
twelve years and about fom-
ago he invented the wheel
which he has just been granted a oat
ent. 1 he principle points in favor
of the Stubbs Turbine wheel over
others is its particular adaptibilily to
furnishing power from small streams,
and its cheapness, the cost of its man
ufacture being about one half that of
other wheels. Both corn and wheat
mills are being run night and day
with inches of water, that as
much water as will pass through an
opening 2 inches square.
One of the most useful inventions
that we have ever seen is the Davis
quilting frame now being exhibited
at Capt Speck's store by the patentee
Mr. H. T. Davis, and the general
agent, Mr. T. II. Cox. It is a ma
chiue which can in a moment be at
tached to any sewing machine and by
means of which a quilt can be quilted
in two or three hours.
J.KHODKS BROWNE, Ps.. W. C. COAB.T, Sic.
Total Assets, $710,745.12.
A Home Company,
Seeking Home Patronage.
Term Policies written on Dwellings.
Premium payable One half cash and bab
ance in twelve months.
J. ALLEN BBOWH Agt.,
23:6m- Salisbury, N. C.
flfswHT s Indian Vegetable Pills
KOK TH K
And all Dilious Complaints
eaie m take, bomc purely
We keep a store, and strive to liave in that store everything a farmer would like
to buy, both for himself and his family. We want our customer to be a cheerful man,
and if he has money in his purse he will he cheerful; but he can't be if, when he comes
to sell his crop, it brings him little or nothing. Everybody knows that on the fertilizer
le uses, allowing the season to be at all favorable, depends the result of his crop, and
this being the case, he has no right to risk that crop on anything that has not been
tried and proved. The following will show what has been "tried and proved," in the
fertilizer way, on fine tobacco, and Major Raoland, of Halifax county, Va., the great
tobacco authority, and grower of pedigree tobacco seed, is the man who tells about it.
If anybody knota what tobacco is he certainly does:
"There arc several brands of fertilizer manufactured specially for tobacco, differing
in composition, price, and merit; and after repeated experiments with most, it not all
the best, the author gives it as his decided opinion, that for fine, bright, silky tobaccc 4
OTHINO EQUALS the
Tobacco Fertilizer, prepared by the Southern Fertilizing Company, Richmond, Na
And this opinion is based upon seventeen years' trial", and often in competition with the
bestTrf other brands on the market. It is a tried arid proved fertilizer, which the plant
er can use without the risk of getting something unsuited to his crop; and therefore I
can recommcd it with confidence."
Messrs. Mathews & Williamson, of lVidsville. N. C. wrote the following to the
Company, and state that they have seen nothing since to change their judgment.
"From our own petsonal experience, and it covers a long time, in watching the re
sults from the use of various brands of commercial fertilizers handled in this section, it
is our mature judgment that tho 'ANCHOR BRAND' stands at the head of all
for the production of fine, silky, yellow tobacco. The plant seems to receive more fitting
nourishment from the use of this article than from any other, and we are of opinion
that if our farmers made it their stand-by, we would hear less of light chaffy tobacco,
having some color but no body, and that the farmer would realize the result he ought
to enjoy from his labor; for low-grade tobacco will not bring big money."
Now we want you to have '-big money" for your crop; because we not only desire
you to make good bills with us, but pay for them when they are made ; hence we han
dle the 'Anchor Brand,' and will supply you, m quantities to suit, direct from the
factory. We don't want people to abuse us about their fertilizer ; we, therefore, sell
only what time has shown to be the best. So, make no arrangements in this line, unti
you see or confer with us. You certainly can't afford to take any risk this year.
J. D. GASKILL.
I will have this Season in larger quantity than ever before, the old relia
SEA FOWL GUANO
FOR COTTON. It is a pleasure to sell this brand because it pleases. And one fact
worthy of notice is, that it has increased in sales the last two years, which no other
brand has done in this market. Also, I will have
HYMANS & DANCY'S
which is one of the favorites of Cabarrus farmers.
No other brand stands any higher with them, and we all know that they are good and
successful farmers, and especially raise fine large crops of Cotton.
Hf-And to accommodate my friends and customers, I will keep on hand a fullstock of
5Flour, Corn, Meal, Oats, cotton seed Meal. Bran, Ship Staff, Bacon, Molasses, Salt:
&c, &c, that I will sell for cash or barter very low. Also, will sell on time.
HF"Have a small lot of prime CLOVER SEED.
J D GASKILL.
I saall soon have completed the most convenient Guano Warehouse to town near Holmes' Tap Yard.
mmmW mmA HHHlHlMfcj Hft'
This Space Reserved
SHEPPARD, SWINK & MONROE,
For the Sale of
Salisbury, N. C.
will completely ch&uge the blood In tho entire system in three months. Anr
person who will take 1 Pill each night from 1 to IS weeks, may bo restored to sound
health, If such a thine ho possible. For Female Complaints these Pills hare no equal.
Physicians use them for the care of LIVKB and KIDNEY diseases. Sold everywhere,
or seat by mall for S5c in stamps. Circulars free. I. 8. JOHNSON a CO.. Boston, Mass.
Croup, Asthma, Bronchitis, Neural
gia, llheuiuatism. JOHNSON S ANO
DYNE LINIMENT (for Internal avl External
Vie) will iiixtaiitutieouslr relieve these terrlUle
disease. auJ will posiuvetr cor nine rsnc-s
oat of ten. lnturmaUon thai will save many
lives sent f me r mail. Don't deiav a moiucui.
I .eveiiuun is better than cure.
JOHNSON'S ANODYNE UNDENT rtTRES Infloena, Bldlne; at the Lunjn Hoarse
ns, Hscalnf C'ousb, Whoopimc ('"U!h, cnrotnc i.
Diseases of the Spins. Sold everywhere.
LMarrhcea. Dvsenterv. Cholera Morten, Kidney 1 roubles, sag
Circulars free. I. S. JOHNSON A CO., Boston, Mass.
It Is s well-known fact that most of the
Boras and Cattle Powder sold In this conn
try Is worthless: that Sheridan's Condition
Powder is sbsolu te'v pare and vervvsl liable.
Coining on Earth will make hens
7 like Sheridan' Condition Pow
Ja. rjoaa. one teaanoonful to each Dint of
food. It win also positively prevent an 4 core I Hr Cholera, Ac SoMereTrwhere.oTseTit byinaaiforc.ta
CHICKEN CHOLERA, liiWai
Dec. to, 1883. 10:ly
$10 to $1
$10 to $1
1 Elias Howe Leather Machine,
2 18-inch arm for heavy leather, (good as new,)
Original cost $12o.OO.
4 New Family Singer Machines,
3 American No. 1,
2 Wheeler fc Wilson, -2
Home Shuttles, - -
Thp nhnve have been used some but warranted
We also sell the
ISTew Davis, American and
Royal St. J ohn
at bottom prices warranted for 5 years and guarranteed to