- i f y
I lie Uaro
70L XV. THIEL SERIES
SALISBURY. H. C, APIilL 10, 1834,
; v m 7 a
Think just a moment! It may be greatly to your profit
To Buy Your
KAINIT, ACID, PHOSPHATE AND GUANOS
from one io whom you can sell your cotton, &c. I have now ready and am selling
every day for cash, ur op time to suit my customers,
Democratic State Convention.
creations of art are wonderful, but the
mind that can conceive and execute
Rooms Central Dem. Ex. Com., ! those creations is still more to
Raleigh, April 1, 1884.
The Central Executive Committee
be admired. Language is wonder
ful, but chiefly as a production and ex-
of the Democratic party met to-day j pression- af mind. We admire the rich-
in pursuance ot tne call ot me nair- ness the anee, the exactness, the
maJ' , . , . j beauty of the Greek tongue, but where
On motion it was resolved that the ... .... . . , n .
State Executive Committee of the did these qualities exist, m the Greek
Democratic party are requested to language or m tne wee mina r
meet in the citv of Raleurh on V ed- The connection of mental science
New Orleans, which is doe south
from this centre. The wind would
tend to rush due north in a straigth
line, but the rotation of the earth at
New Orleans towards the east is
greater than at places farther north.
The winds therefore blowing from
New Orleaus would have an eastward
as well as a northward
and the old it is a potent link, and
while we aregetting business growth
let us not forget the spirit of our
heroic age. It will not onlv lend
force, but beauty to our future de
velopment. Subscription price Si. 50 a vear-
IE . " . " J
io cents snif 9
nesday, April 16th, 1884, to consider
the call of a State Convention of the
The resignation of T. R. Jermgan,
Esq., of his membership of the Com
mittee from the 1st District was ten
dered and accepted, and Col. Harry
Skinner of Pitt county was duly
elected to fill the vacancy.
The death of the late Isaac B. Kel
ly, of the 3d District, being brought
to the attention of the Committee, a
vacancy was declared in said district,
and John D. Stanford of the county
of Duplin was elected to fill said
vaeancy. Octavius Coke,
J. J. LrrcHFOBD, Sec'y.
which is the best acid sold in the State beyond doubt. A.160, the
: ASHEPOO ACID PHOSPHATE,
which stands sohigh in Georgisi nnd South Carolina that they pay $1 per ton more for
it than for other brands But 1 will sell at a small profit to meet pricesof other brands.
Also, I have the best
ON SALE IX -THE COUNTRY.
These (ioods for Composting, &c, aru the very best that can be got anywhere. There
is none better. Call at once, get prices and put in your orders.
J. D. GASKILL.
If eve;' you had a showing for fine prices, it is in
the crop of Tobacco to be planted this year.
'We keep a store, and strive to have in that store everything a farmer would like
to buy, both for himself and his family. We want our customer to be a cheerful man,
and it he has money in bis purse he trill be cheerful ; but he can't be if, when he comes
to seUliis crop, it brings him little or nothing. Everybody knows that on the fertilizer
he uses, allowing the season to bo at all favorable, depends the resnlt of his crop, and
this being the case, be has no right to risk that crop on anything that has not been
triad, and proved. The following will show what has been "tried and proved," in the
fertilizer way, on fine tobacco, and Major Raglasd, of Halifax county, Va., the great
tohacco authority, and grower of pedigree tobacco seed, is the man who tells about it.
If anybody l-notes what tobacco is he certainly does;
"There ate several brands of fertilizer manufactured specially for tobacco, differing
in composition, price, and merit; and after repeated experiments with most, if not all
the best, the author gives it as his decided opinion, that for fine, bright, tilhy tobacec
OTnijio equals the
Tobacco Fertilizer, prepared by the Southern Fertilizing Company, Richmond, Na
And this opinion is based upon seventeen years' trial, and often in competition with the
bestqf other brands on the market. It is a tried and proved fertilizer, which the plant
er can use without the risk of getting something unsuited to his crop; and therefore I
can recomraed it with confidence."
Messrs. Mathews & Williamson, of Reidsville. N. C, wrote the following to the
Company, and 6tatc that tWy have seen nothing since to change their judgment.
"From our own personal experience, and it covers a long time, in watching the re
tilts from the use of various brands of commercial fertilizers handled in tins section, it
is our mature judgment that the 'ANCHOR, BRANS' stands at the head of al
for the production ofjii r, silky, yelloir tobacco. The plant seems to receive more fitting
nourishment from the use of this article than from any other, and we are of opinion
that if our farmers made it their stand-by, we would hear less of light chaffy tobacco
having some color but no body, and that the farmer would realize the result he ought
to enjoy from his labor; for low-grade tobacco ic ill not bring big money."
Now'we want you to have '"big money" for your crop; because we not only desire
you to make good bills with us, but pay for them when they are made ; hence wc ban
die the 'Anchor Brand,' and will suppfy you, in quantities to suit, direct from the
factory. We don't want people to abuse us about their fertilizer ; we, therefore, sell
only what time has shown to be thebest. So, make no arrangements in this line, until
you see or confer with us. You certain! v can't afford to take any risk this year.
X D. GASKILL.
A Little Comparison.
I will have this Season in larger quantity than ever before, the old reliable
SEA FOWL GUANO
FOR COTTON. It is a pleasure to self this brand because it pleases. And one fact
Worthy of notice is, that it has increased in sales the last two years, which no other
oraud has done in this market. Also, I will have
HYMANS & DANCY'S
wnich is one of the favorites of Cabarrus farmers.
No other brand stands any higher with them, and we all know that they are good and
successful farmers, and especially raise fine large'crops of Cotton.
rtAnd to accommodate my friends and customers, I will keep on hand a fullstock of
IfT Flour,. Cornf Meal, Oats, cotton seed MeK Bran, Ship Stuff, Bacon, Molasses, Salt.
&c., &c.t that I will sell for cash or barter very low. Also, will sell on time.
tHavc a small lot of prime CLOVER SEED. "
J D GASKILL.
I shall soon have completc4;the most convenient Guano Warehouse la town near Holmes' Tan Yard ence hut the work of the mind. The
North Carolina is thoroughly and
completely aroused upon the great
question of education, and we look
with pride upon the grand old State as
she takes a foremost position in the
ine of battle against ignorance in all
its forms. Our public and private
schools are receiving a largely increas
ed patronage over former years, all our
institutions of learning are more effi
cient in work than at any other time
since the civil war, and to show what
the State is now doing for public edu
cation, we make a little comparison
with the work of one of the most cul
tured States of the Union:
Value of Taxable Prop
Amount paid for Edu
One dollar paid for Education on
each $400 of taxable property.
Value of Taxable Prop
Amount paid for Edu
One dollar paid for Education on
each $340 of taxable property.
This shows that North Carolina is
doing proportionally more for the edu
cation of her children than the highlv
cultivated State of Massachusets is do-
ins for her schools ! AT C. Teacher.-
From the Rowan School Times.
The Study of Mental Science.
That the science of the mind has
not held that high place in the public
regard and estimation to whicn it is
justly entitled, can hardly be denied
The cause of this is to be found partly
in the nature of the science and partly
in the practical tendency of the age
rni 1 11
lne dullest mind can conceive some
use in chemistry or botany or natural
philosophy. They are of service in the
analysis of soils and the comprehen
ft i 1 1 A 1 1
sion or tne laws ot mecnanical . ana
cnemical torces. But mental science
has no such application no such
practical results to the careless eye.
Its dwelling-place and sphere or ac
tion lie removed somewhat from the
observation of men. It has no splen
did cabinets or museums to throw open
it Oil 1 I 1 T I -
to tne gaze or tne multitude. We are
given more to action than to thought
As we pass from the observation and
if 1 i 1 A i
studv ot tne mineral to tne torm ot
vegetable b'fe, from the plant to insect
Itt ill 1 1A
and tnence to the animal, and rrcm in
his various orders and classes, to man
the highest type of animal existence on
1 t A
the earth, we are conscious or a pro
gression in the rank and dignity of tha
which we contemplate. But it is only
when we turn our attention from al
these to the intelligence that dwells
within the man, and makes him master
of this lower world, that we stand up
on the summit of elevation and over
look the wide field of previous enquiry
Toward this all other sciences lead. As
the mineral, the plant, the insect, the
animal in all their curious and wonder
ful organizations, are necessarily, infe
rior to man, so is the science of them
however important amd useful, subor
dinate to the science of man himself
Many of the most noble sciences are
themselves the creations of the mind
The science of number and quantity, a
a science leading to the most sublime
results, as in the calculations of the as
tronomer, is a pure product of the hu
man intellect. Indeed, what is all sci-
with other practical arts is much
more intimate than is usually supposed.
The physician finds in the practice of
his profession that in order to success,
the laws of the mind must constitue an
important part of his study how to
avoid, and how to touch the secret
springs of human actions. A word
rightly spoken is often better than
medicine. In order to comprehend
the nature of disease he must under
stand the effect on the bodily organiza
tion of the due, and also of the undue
exertions of each of the mental facul
ties. The public speaker, whether at
he bar, in the public assembly, in the
halls of the legislature, or in the pul
pit, finds that a knowledge of this sci
ence is indispensible. He must under
stand the laws and operations of the
human mind, how to touch the sensi
bilities, how to awaken the passions,
how to soothe the troubled spirits.
specially is this science of use to the
teacher in the knowledge which it gives
him of the mind of the pupil, and the
skill in dealing with that mind. The
mind of the pupil is to'him the instru
ment on which he is required to play
a curious instrument of many and
strange keys and stops capable of be
ing touched to wonderful harmony,
and to fearful discord. To handle this
instrument well is no ordinary acquire
What shall we say of the man who
knows nothing of the instrument, but
only the music to be performed noth
ing of the mind to be taught but on-
y the knowledge to be communicated.
To know the mind that is to be taught
tiow to stimulate how to control, how
to encourage, how to restrain, how to
guide and direct its every movement
and impulse is the first thing to learn
and the key to all success in the school
t m r tit
room. J. m. vv eatherly.
Tbe Theory of Tornadoes.
What CauseM These Terrors of
Atmosphei'e and how Iheyare
a week at home. $- outfit tree. Pay ab
solutely sure. No risk. C apital not re
quired. Header, If you want business
at which persons of either sex, yeum:
with absolute cartainty, write for particular's to
n. li.vi.i.KTT jc Co., Portland, Maine.
Administrator's Notice I
All persons holding claims against the
estate of D. 8. Cowan, dee'd, are hereby
notified to present said claims, duly au
thenticated, to Joseph It. While, adui'r, on
or before the 14th day of February. tHftS
or this notice will be plead in bar" of re- '
covery. Ami those m-lebted to the estate
will be required to settle as early as prac
ticable. . JOS. R. WHITE, Adm r
Febr'y 14, 1884. 6w:pd
Parties having claims against, or indebt
ed to the China Qxove Co-operative Asso
ciation, are notified that, by Power of At
torney, the time to settle is limited to Jan
uary 1st, 1885. J M. GRAY, Att'y.
1 he Carolina Spartan has just
published au elaborate and original
article from Professor Dupre, of Wef-
ford College, on tornadoes, hurri
canes ami cyclone?, irom which
we make the following xtratcs, il
lustrative of the theory of tornadoes
as accepted and applied by the Uni
ted States Signal Service :
At Washington, telegrams are re-
ceiveu ciany irom an parts oi tne
Union, giving the baroiuetic pressure
at each station. Ihe dispatches on
the 19th of last Ftbruary said, that
the barometer stood 7 a.m., at Savan
nah, 30.09; Charleston, 30.09; Spar
tanburg, 30.09; Charlotie, 30.10;
Norfolk, 30.11; New York, 30.20;
Toronto, 29.96. Hre was enough
information to show that all along
the Atlantic coast was an area of
comparatively high pressure.
At Morehead, Minnesota, the ba
rometer marked 30.05; Yankton, Da
kota, 30.12; Omaha, 29.94; Denver,
Colordo, 30.16; Dodge City, Kansas,
30.07. Here was another high press
ure region. At Louisville the ba
rometer read 29.77; Chicago 29.47.
This information pointed to au area
of low pressure somewhere in the
At Galveston the barometer stood
29.82; New Orleaus, 29.86; Pensa
cola, 29.93; this indicated that the
low pressure area was north of the
Gulf States. All over the Lake re
gion the barometer stood quite low ;
in some places 29.00. This would at
once with no further information,
locate approximately the area of low
est pressure. At Milwaukee, barom
eter 29.55; Davenport, Iowa, 29.48;
Springfield, Illinois, 29.52 and Chi
cago, 29.47. Now we have, within a
email limit, the area of lowest press
ure, its loeation being between Chi
cago, Springfield, Davenport and
Milwaukee; this is the valley or
great basis of atmospheric depression,
around which, on every side, the
pressure is great. As a necessary
cousequeuce the air vf rush fram all
quarters in upon this depression not
in straight, direct lines towards the
centres of low pressure, but in paths
somewhat circular and spinal, produ
cing a vorticose motion.
To understand this circular motion
the centre of low pressure -let us
follow the direction of the wind from
CODV. Avoiite i rn
tenaencv. wanted in i c
n .1.. i . i . wuuiy oi me
iuc wiuua mat uear uown irom tne couth.
Lakes and British possessions to- !
wards the south, coming from regions
wnere tne rotation ot the earthis less
than from!those farther south, would
UOt move round as fast a9 the regions , or.P,!d. can make great pay all the time thev work
. . . o I With uManta ntriilMa vrit,i t . ... .... .: .
over winch thev nass. but won H
Irag behind, falling: towards the west.
So it would be, to a less degree, with
all points intermediate to these. Due
east or west from the centre, the pf-
fects of the earth's rotation would be
zers. This eastward and northward
tendency of the southern winds, and
the westward and southward tenden
cy ef the northern winds, would re
sult in a twist or whirl from right to
leu, or trom east to west, through
north, or as it is often expressed, iu a
direction "opposed to the hands of a
watch,' or opposite to boring with a
gimlet. In order to ascertain at anr
time or place, in what general direc
tion the area of low pressure is, the
following rule is given : riaee your
back to the wind and the area of low
pressure or storm centre will be on
your left. Of course for the South
ern hemisphere all this is reversed.
At 2 p. ra. on the afternoon of the
Wakei'Doro tornado the thermometer
at Savannah stood at 83, at Charles
ton 72. the wind southerly. This
was ou the southern side of the tor
nado. At Augusta the thermometer
stood 65. wind blowinc from the
north. Here then are the necessary
conditions for tornado formation ; the
air at Walterhoro' was hot and sultry;
no motion whatever in the atmos
phere. Suddenly two clouds were
seen approaching, one from the south
east, the other from the northwest
and in another moment there was a
rushing, rumbling sound like the ap
proach of many trains of cars ; then
trees, churches ami-dwelling houses
were whirling and twisting from their
foundations in the vortex of a migh
At 3 p. m., on the 19th of last
February, the contrast of tempera
ture over eastern Alabama and Geor
gia was very very remarkable. At
Montgomery the thermometer was
75, with a warm southwest wind;
about twenty-five miles above Mont
gomery the thermometer . was 75;
at Augusta the thermometer was 76,
Atlanta 66, Spartanburg 65.
Spartanburg is scarcely more than
one hundred miles in a "bee-line"
from Augusta, yet there was a differ
ence of temperature between the two
places that memorable afternoon of
11. At ChappeH's, forty miles north
k . .i.i
or Augusta, tne tnerraometer was
near 70-r-here a difference of 5
And so these two belts of relatively
cool and warm air were alongside of
each other during dunng that after
naon, running from r' southwest to
northeast. This abnormal association
could not remain thus ; there would
instantly be a condensation of the
warm, moist, southern current, the
latent heat given off would accelerate
the powerful upward movement,
which constitutes the principal cur
rent of a tornado, a whirling, spiral
or vorticose motion would result
(from causes explained in treating
cyclones,) a high degree of rarification
takirtg place between the cloud and
earth, and then a fearful rush o
winds from the sides, causing much
destruction just outside the limits o
the whirling cloud or funnel. The
falling and rising of the stem of the
funnel seems to be due to the greater
or less rarifaction just alluded to ;
when this is great the chilling produ
ced will condense more moisture as
fog or cloud ; when it is less the
lower portion of the stem will be
vaporized so that the stem will ap
pear at one time to draw up into a
sheath, then again to protrude, ex
tending to the earth's surface. The
revolutions of the funnel may reach
a speed of 200 or 300 miles per hour,
the movement forward reaching in
rare instances 50 or 60 miles per
- iniow NE PRKS w c.COART 8E0
Total Assets, $710,745.12.
A Home Company,
Seeking Home Patronage.
Term Policies written on Dwelling
Premiums payable One half cash and bal
ance in twelve months.
J. ALLEN BROWN, Agt,
Salisbury, N. C.
Wright s Indian Vegetable Pills
And all Bilious Complaints
aie to take, bflnjr purely vegetable; nogris-iag-
l'ncM & cU. All DrumdsU.
This Space Reserved
SHEPPARD, SWINK & MONROE,
For the Sale of
. - LEAF TOBACCO,
Salisbury, A! C.
And will completely chan9 the bloo'-l, in the entire prr-tem In three month. Any
person who will take X Pill each night from 1 to 13 weeks, may be restored to sound
health, if snch a thing: be possible. For resale Complaints these Pilli have no equal.
Physicians nee them for tho core of LIVElt nnd KIDNEY diseases. Sold everywhere,
or sent by mail fcr 35c. in stamps. Circulars free. I. s. JOHNSON & CO.. ftoston. ZJaw.
KgSiS f3 nSrV n fcT Crcer. Asthma. Bronchitis, Kci
B R p-3 RJ ?S s4 tT :"; r.1a. XbenmatUim. JUUNftivs .
Tf F1 LI VI " ' -' '" t i'l :YXEL!NIMt:XTtrVWrinajirfrl
L-j t.,!S n V-'' i'1 rt ti ') v,v m-Mt.tin4iiT relieve n..-.- tf
JOHNSON S ANOOYwE L'.Nin"?
ncss. Harking Cough, 7iioopu:!r t'ouun, c;lli Minn
Diseases of the Spine. SoW everywhere. Cireul.m ft-;
' i ' "i'''"1'5- an. will positively cur i:i,e r;:sea
( oat Li lei:. lnf inflation that will Mi ve many
; ;"V$ lives sen: fn- liy mail. Ikm t Ctia) a tutnu-ni.
'. fei rYCYtutie.ii is better than cure.
"('i'T.F.R 1 'i lttcora. nedinir at the I.nnjrv nnarwt
iohj. Dysentery. Cholera MortiU. Kiiiney '! ruuUiu, and
. 1. ii. ..'Oi.SouN A CO., Hostou, SJiUS.
It it a woll-known fact that mot of iia PS n K ,"33 H 2 JB 1
Horse and Cattle Powder sold in i his ife j-.'J U f- f5 11 St
try Is worthless; that Sherldan s Condi lir.u rf.tv1 fefl i'xi Era
Powder U absolutely pore and very valaable. li'AKS WCa rjifi W wT4 a
food. It wffl also poslttTsiy prevent and euro I Vv Cholera, Ac. 8o!d everywhere, or sen: by mail forJBe.nl
MJIMeU as f t A I stumps. Furnished inlante rans, price $1.00; Ur mall, SLSX
VnlVrBl1 WnWswBKAi I Circulars free. I- S- J0USOii a CO., lioswo, AUst. ,
Dec. 20, 1863. 10:ly
Th April number of the South
ern Bivouac, a monthly magazine
published at .Louisville, Kentucky, is
received . It is devoted to preserv
ing the good and brave deeds of the
war. The contents include "A Sketch
of Lieitenant-General K. B. Forrest,"
"Manny's Brigade after the Battle of
Missionary Ridge," "The Record of
a Noble Woman," "Bold Escape
from Captivity of B. C. Washiug
ton," "All Hands Around," and many
other incidents and short stories of
thfl war. Its desiern to reproduce and
1 Elias Howe Leather Machine, -
2 18-inch arm for heavy Leather, (good as new,)
Original cost $125.00.
4 New Fami4y Singer Machines,
3 American No. 1 , -
2 Wheeler cv: Wilson, ....
2 Home Shuttles, -
1 Weed, . - - - "
The above have been used some but warranted to
We also sell the '
$10 to $15.
$10 to $15.
$12 and $15.
hand down, through the statements off --r- Tovic ArnAlPflTl Aid
eve-witnesses the leading features of JN eW UaVlto, IllOilCail cfcllU.
a Confederate life, is a worthy one
and is being well carried ouf. It as- .
suraes, and properly so, thatthe new ,
South will be the gainer by cherish- at bottom price
insr toe memories ui aoi.
yet speaketh." Between the new
Hpyal St. J ohm's.
-warranted for 5 tears and guarranteed to give