fit. THIRD SERIES
Sovr and Tlien.
TI.p Memphis Appeal, which has
had a long life of usefulness and is
,11 strong ind vigorous in good
works, reproduces from its issue of
My 2' 1843, forty'one year8 ag0'
jhe following from the pen of James
Polk, who was the Democratic
nomii,r ,he Presidency, and was
triumphantly chosen aUhe next elec
Your fifth auu" interrogatories
,r in the fblUwing words, to wit :
iff j Ah -Are you in favor of a tar
iff or direct taxes for support of the
general government ?"
"Sixth If a tariff, do you approve
ofsucli a tariff as would gi ve protec
tion 40 home industry agftinet foreign
I answer tlmt I am opposed to a
ijsteni of direct taxation, and am in
favor of a moderate srale of duties
laid jr a tariff on imported goods for
the purpose of raising the revenue
which may be needed for the econom
ical administration of the govern
ment. In fixing the rates of a tariff
my opinion is that Hie object in view
should be to raise the revenue needed
by the government, leaving the inter
ests er'aged in manufacture to enjoy
the incidental advantage which the j
levy of such dutiesr will afford to
them. If bv "giving protection to
borne industry" yoaj mean to assert
the distinct principle that a tariff
b to be laid solely or in any extent
not for revenue, but for the protec
tion of capitalists who have made
their investments in .manufacturing
establishments, so as to compel the
consumers of their articles, the agri
culturists, mechanics, persons employ -red
in commerce and all other p Ur
iahs j to pay higher prices for them,
then 1 say that I am opposed to such
ji principle, and to any tariff which
recognizes it. "Homo industry,"
terms so often used by the advocates
of the protective tariff system, are
comprehensive in their meaning, and
by a just legislation should be made
to embrace the industry employed in
agrittulture, in the mechanic arts, in
commerce and all other pursuits, as
well as thft industry employed in
manufactures. I have at all times
been opposed to prohibitory or high
protective iai iff laws, designed not
for revenue, but to advance the inter
ests of one portion of people employ
ed iu manufactures by taxing another
and much larger portion, thus mak
ing the many tributary to the increas
ed wealth" -of the few, I am opposed
to the tariff' act of the late Congress,
considering it to be in many respects
of this character, and, indeed, so high
ly protective upon some articles as to
prohibit their importation into the
country altogether. I am in favor of
repealing the act and restoring the
PACE'S WAREHOUSE !
Is now opened and ready for business. We have
one of the LARGEST and most COMPLETE
Warehouse ever built.
FOR THE S ALE OF LEAP TOBACCO.
in the best leaf market in
A Trial Is vil We AhIc,
Hf Prompt Ycturns and close
personal attention to consignments.
Furniture Dealer, -upholsterer,
: EE t BK o" i
'ARLOR SUITS, 35 to $100
CHEAP BEDS, $2.50.
iT A TVTPT'Tb f ACTIVE A1P
UiiTi TV BIa county tcwin our rui'Luit .vtw uwks and jf AM
to a ' l,u."tors teacher nnd o: hers, whose time ia not fully occupied, will find it to their int
wrrespOP'l With US. To fimt(riit innn unfl At W TMtftff mpn iiftf Mminv rm tVi. AaIiI rf baIim
tZm. . " man v aiantnir, hnth una raearn of
wrmst? p. F. joHSfSOa &, CO.,
compromise tariff act of March 2,
1833, believing as I do that it would
produce more revenue than the pres
ent law, and that the incidental protec
tion afforded by the twenty per cent.
duty, especially when this would be
paid in cash, and on the home valua
tion, will afford sufficient protection
to the manufacturers, and all that
they ought to desire, or to which they
This proves the fidelity of the dem
ocratic party to its principles. As it
was forty-one years ago, so it is to
day, for revenue reform and opposed
to even incidental protection.
The Truth Well Expressed,
It matters not what enterprise
may be started, or what hurt may
befall or threaten an enterprise in
this country, the first thing suggested
is to apply to the general govern
ment for relief or aid of one sort or
another. The other day it was pro
posed in the U. S. Senate to appro
priate $50,000 to "encourage the silk
industry of the United States." It
was favored by some good men, and
opposed by some good men. Mr.
Ingalls, Senator from Kansas, in op
posing it, said some splendid things,
among which wa find the following,
which bears on the general evil
which is so seriously threatening the
country by this, tons, very pernicious
habit. Mr. Ingalls said :
"The silk industry has attracted
capita L for its development and it ap
pears to be doing well and should be
left to its own resources. The Gov
ernment i becoming too paternal,
too maternal, I may say. It reminds
me of the couplet :
"Who ran to catch mc when I fell f
Who kissed the place to uiaks it well ?
Mr Mother." -
"We are turning the people into a
race of self-dependent mendicants.
We are depriving them of those man
ly anil stalwart virtues that have
made this nation great by this con
tinuous attempt of Government inter
ference iu all matters that ou;ht to
be left to private enterprise and in
dustry." Moonshiners in New York.
Washington, May 28. The commis
sioner of internal revenue has receiv
ed a letter from Williamsville, N. Y.,
signed by Martin Schneider, saying:
"Farmers will give you auotherweek
to decide whether you will permit us
to distill in small quantities or not.
If not we will distill in spite of the
government. We want you to dis
tinctly understand that we will jsot
submit to this extortion, which is a
terrible outrage, aud we should resist
h morally aud physically. Tire far
mers are excited and determined to
have their own way in this matter.
Be wise and answer at once and avoid
a terrible calamity."
the United States.
Pace Bros. & Co.
- V .PROPRS.
TIT1TT1 ttt 1 t tTTfm nrrrmri Arn
FIH ffALJjUT SUITS, $311
Cottage Suits, 26, 25 and $30
Woven Wire Mattresses. $7.50.
FINE LINE OF CARPETS.
and Hartford. U
IWTECLIGJE JTT AGENTS in svery
mak in money and of self culture. Write for special
1,013 JUaln Street, Bichmend, fiu
Rich and Poor Thieves.
The poor scamp who picks a pocket
or steals a piece of meat is a thief, if
caught is brought before the bar f
outraged justice, prosecuted by the
ministers f the law, and, if guilty,
sent to jail or the penitentiary, and
society applauds the action of the
court. If a rich man steals a million
from a bank, breaks the bank and
ruius thousands of good honest peo
ple who trustingly placed their money
in it, he is a defaulter, and if arrested
at all is admitted to bait in a sum
insignificant iu comparison with the
amount he stole no, he didn't steal,
only appropriated it and if not able
to give the bond required, is assigned
apartments in jail, orders his meals
from a hotel, sees what friends he
chooses to see, and with the excep
tion of being permitted the freedom of
the city, has a high old time, if he
has any of the stolen appropriated
money left to foot the bill. That's
where the rich thief has the advan
tage of the poor thief, and yet the
poor thief is very frequently driven
by waut and desperation to steal,
while the rich one steals appropri
ates money entrusted to his keeping
not from want, but from the greed to
add, by fraudulent speculation with
other people's money, to the wealth
he already possesses. Fred, Ward,
the partner of the Grants, is now in
Ludlow street jail, in New York be
cause unable to furnish the bond re
quired, and occupies the apartment
that Boss Tweed occupied during his
stay in that establishment, his daily
meals being sent to him from a hotel,
and his friends coming and going at
pleasure within specified hours. These
apartments are comfortably fitted up,
with carpeted floors, good beds, nice
furniture, and all the appointments to
make temporary confinement as pleas
ant as possible for distinguished cul
prits. When squandering other peo
pie's money Ward lived in royal style
and his entertainments at his palatial
abode in Brooklyn were marvels of
elegance and splendor. He does not
put on quite so much style now, does
not entertain so lavishly, but he is
comfortably housed and lives well.
James D. Fish, the ex-president of
the collapsed Marine Bank, charged
with "appropriating" to his own
use near 1 v a million and a half of
the funds of the bank of which
he was president, was somewhat
more fortunate than Ward, and
though broke, was able without trou
ble to give the $30,000 bail boud re
quired, and continues to enjoy his
John C. Eno, New York, sunk the
bank of which he was president
$2,000,000, which his father made
good j he then had a check cashed
by another bauk for $95,000, ai d is
now supposed to be summering in
Kiddle, the president of the Penn
Bank, of Pittsburg, sunk that concern
to the amount of about $2,000,000,
and is still at large.
President Brown, of a bank at Hot
Springs, Ark., got away with about
$40,000 of the bank's money, and the
last seen ef him he was bidding an
affectionate farewell to a woman with
whom he had abandoned his wife aud
children. He is still at large.
These are but a few of the instances
that might be mentioned of recent oc
currence, and the probabilities are
that not one of the entire gang will
suffer the penalty that ought to at
tach to their crimes,
Daniel O'Connell once said in the
House of Commons that there was no
law ever enacted by the British Par
liament that a "coach and four could
not drive through with impunity,"
and it might be said with equal truth
that there is 110 law in this country
that the man of wealth can net violate
with impunity. The conviction and
punishment of a rich man for crime
is an event so rare as be almost mar
vel Ions. We'do not say this to array,
nor to pander to any class prejudice
that may exist, for there always will
be and always must be in all civil
ized society rich aud poor. The bad
men in both are the exception, not
the rule, and consequently the excep
tion should not be the foundation for
prejudice against all. But it is a
fact that, through the working
SALISBURY. N. C, HLU3SS4.
- - kosjt
of the law and the courts these days,
with defective indictments, shrewd
counsel, the law's intricacies, statutes
of limitation, corrupt juries, etc., etc.,
the rich man walks into the courts
defiantly, when arraigned, and walks
It is a fact, and this fact too patent
to be denied, has done much to shake
confidence in the courts, or in justice
as administered in these days, when
the "almighty dollar" it so potent in
its influence. Char. Observer.
In Favor oe Negro Equality
in the Schools and Churches!
The General Conference of the Meth
odist Church (Northern) at Philadel
phia last week adopted a resolution
declaring that negroes ought not to
be excluded from white schools and
churches. There had been long dis
cussion of the subject, and it was left
to a committee, which brought in a
majority and minority report. The
latter declared that the negro had a
right to equality, but that there was
no need to interfere against the pre
judices of the Southerners. This
was submitted to the Conference, aud
a standing vote resulted in a "tie."
Governor Robert Pattison, of Penn.,
a pretended Democrat, (!) gave the
deciding vote against the mild rpport
and in favor of full "equality." Thus
a church representing millions of
people declares for negroes iu our
white schools !
Burnside Arrested. Washing
ton, May 29. This afternoon Col.
Burnside, the postal disburing clerk,
was formerly arrested upon a war
rant charging him with the embez
zlement of $45,000, and was brought
in the police court for examination.
After a short consultation between
his counsel and Jere Wilson, and the
district attorney, the latter stated
that defendant would waive exami
nation aud give bail for his appear
ance before the Criminal court and
that the government would ask to
have the bail fixed at $45,000, the
amount of the defalcation.
Wilson contended that the bail
was excessive, but after some argu
ment the court decided to require the
amount named by the district attor
ney and said that the counsel could
petition the Criminal court for an
Accord iug to the N. Y. World, the
Union League Club furnishes the
the most, if not all, of the delinquent
bankers and brokers who figured in
the ugly Wall street revelations of
two weeks ago. The roll of the lame
ducks, who were all members of the
Union Club, shows the names of
President Fish, President Eno, Pres
ident Seney, President Dodd, of the
Newark Bank, President Hatch, of
the Stock Exchange, Ferdinand
Ward, Geu. Grant, and the brokers,
Messrs. Bogart & Fish, brother of
Clinton B. Fisk. All these were shin
ing lights of the Union League Club.
And most of them figured last week
in the Big Business meeting in New
York City, holden for the purpose of
bolstering up Arthur.
Pearls of Thought.
Neither praise nor dispraise thy
self, thine actions serve the turn.
He may well be contented who
needs neither borrow nor flatter.
A handful of common sense is
worth a bushel of learning.
A crown of gold cannot cure the
headache nor a velvet slipper the
Prosperity tries the human heart
with the deepest probe, and draws
forth the hidden character.
When you are guest to the wolf,
see that you have a hound with you.
Happiness is like an echo, it an
swers to your call, but does not come.
Eu;y is a vice whioh keeps no hol
iday, but is always iiithe wheel, and
working its own disquiet.
One dies twice ; to cease to ljve is
uothing, but to cease to love and
to be loved is an unsupportable
Home is the true nurturing ground
of hearts woman's kingdom aud
mother's earthly paradise.
Knowledge invests us with grand
and glorious privileges, and grants to
us largeness of beatitude.
How to Prevent Fires. The
following simple precautions if strict
ly followed would prevent a great
many destructive fires. The rules
might be posted in every store, dwel
ling and factory with good results :
The leading causes of fires are ker
osene oil, matches and furnaces.
1. Always buy the best quality of
2. Never make a sudden motion
with a lamp either in lifting or set
3. Never place a lamp on the edge
of a table or mantel.
4. Never fill a lamp after dark,
even if you should have to go with
out a light.
5. See that the lamp wioks are al
ways clean and that they work freely
in the tube.
6. Never blow out a lamp from the
7. Never take a lamp to a closet
where there are clothes. If necessary
to go to a closet, place the light at a
8. Use candies just as much as pos
sible iu going about the house and in
bed rooms. They are cheaper, can't
explode, and for very many purposes
are just as good as lamps.
9. Matches should always be kept
in earthen jars or tin boxes.
Georgia Factory Girls. The
president.of one of our manufacturing
corporations is reported to have re
cently said to a newspaper man in
Augusta, Ga., who interviewed him
in regard to the subject : "Carolina
girls are the best cotten factory oper
atives in the world. They are not
afraid to work, and the first thing
which strikes the attention of visiting
business friends from the North is the
superior appearance of my operatives
tall, shapely, well-poised heads,
and faces which would do for moulds
of beauty. They areas ladylike at
the hearthstone as they are proficient
at the loom. They are all under the
salutary influence of home and church
relationship, and are a class of whom
any nation should be proud."
'What was all that scuffling about,
down stairs ?" Asked Mrs. Hillboots,
as her lord and master strode into the
'Nothing except that monkey-faced
dude asking for Sarah Ann."
'What did he say?'
'Oh, he began by saying he was
speaking from the bottom of his heart
and so on."
'And what answer did you give?'
'I grew spasmodic too,' answered
Hillboots, gently tapping his little
augelic, number twelve shoe, "and
gave him an answer from the bottom
of my sole."
From all over the South comes the
most flattering report of progress and
new enterprises. We are sure that
no year in the history of the country
has seen as much building as the one
just past, and the present one promi
ses still more. Crops have been
good, manufacturing prosperous and
the large amount of money received
therefrom has gone into new enter
terprises and improvements ; besides
this, large amounts of northern and
foreign capital have come South for
profitable investment. The Artisan.
To Destroy Red Ants. Grease
a plate with lard, and set it where
ants congregate; place a few bits of
wood so the ants can climb on the
plate easily ; they will forsake any
food for lard ; when the plate is well
covered with them, turn it over a hot
fire of cords ; they will drop into the
fire, and you can then reset the plate
for another catch. A few repetitious
will clean them out.
Ferdinand Ward, Graut's wicked pait
ner, docs not inted to be a silent mart jr.
He proposes to writ a statement gmnf
"to the public the whole troth" about
every transaction in which his firm wn
engaged. He will make Koine howl when
he uncorks his bottled lightning. It is
said that the Geueral ern now looks
like an old man. In connection with
this it may be interesting to know that
the House committee has not rnshed
through the bill to put the General on
the retired list aud it will probably not
be acted on this summer. News Observer
Sbbeveport, May 13. The nver has
risen six inches, aud is now thirty-two
feet one inch above low water, and six
inches below the disastrous March floods.
It is rerortetl t,,at I2an ,ul Inco,n
"do not speak as they pass by." This is
not one of those things, however, that
'eclipse the gayety of nations."
Six political national conventions for
the nomination of candidates for Presi
dent and Vice-Presidents are to be held
the Anti Monopoly, in Chicago, May
14th ; the Green back-Labor, la Indian
apolis, May 28th; the Republican, in
Chicago, June 3d; the American Party,
in Chicago, June 19th ; the Democratic,
in Chicago, July 8, and the Prohibition,
iu Pittsburg, July 23d, the date of the
last having been postponed from May
WASHiNGipir, May 29. A heavy
frost prevailed all over Canada last
night, over New England, Middle
and Western States, bnt not over the
Territories. Tobacco in Pen n viva
has suft'ered heavily, as also have
fruits and grain. Ice formed in a
great many localities a quarter of an
CHILLA8IHI ! CHILLARINE i
CHILL4RINE, the Great CHILL CURE
of the day. Warranted to CURE every
time or the moxey refunded. For sale
only at FNNIS8' Drug Store.
Asthma Cur. Persons af
flicted with this distressing complaint
should try this Medicine. A few hours use
will entirely remove all oppression, and the
patient can breath and sleep with perfect
ease and freedom. Price $1. For sale at
ENJJISS' Drug Store.
All presons indebted to me, cither on
account or note and mortgage (for Guano),
are hereby duly reminded of such indebt
ness, and are earnestly requested to make
settlement promptly, otherwise the ac
counts will be subject, without further no
tice, to collection by legal process.
Dec. C, 1883. J. D. McNEELY.
This Space Reserved
SHEPPARD, SWINK & MONROE,
For tJie Sale of
Salisbury, V! C.
And will completely change tho blood la
I . , . mi. i . r
i'umiu m uu huj wnv x i: lu cii ii:;jui
health, If such a thing: oo posaime. For
rhysiclans nse them for the urc of LZVKB and KIOKEY diseases. Sold everywhere,
or sent by mail for 23c ia stamps. Circulars free. I. S. JOHXSOK CO., nottum. Mass,
ILISiPfl H F2t? K O Bronchitis.
tfi IB M H a m m M pa ia ba W 3 1 iouiaiism. johnhos h
k'EgSJf&S U m ih Fi-v n m v:
tf B a sw SI ti ti Li
JOHNSON'S ANODYNE LINiMCNT
ness, Hai-Km? l oom, wneaaan l i otn, i ni.nnc umit.ic. jrsfFwerv. riimcra nioruu. amnsy if
Diseases or th: Spuic Sold everywhere, immurs
It ia s well-known fact th.it rami of the
Ilorsc snd cattle I'owiler sold In this ennn
try is worthless; thst Sheridan's Condition
Powder Is absolute y pure and very vahiable.
Nothing on Earth will make hens
lay likeSheridan's Condition Pow
der. Dose, one teasnoonf ul to each Dint of
food. It win also positively prevent and cure
Dec. 20, 1S83. 10:ly
1 Elias Howe Leather Machine - - $15.00.
2 18-inch arm for heavv Leather, (good as new,) 40.00.
Original cost $125.00.
4 New Family Singer Machines, - - $10 to $15.
3 American No. 1, $l0to $15.
2 Wheeler & Wilson, - - - - $12 and $15.
2 Home Shuttles, $5.00.
1 Weed, - - - - - - $12.00.
The above have been used some but warranted to do good
We also sell the
New Davis, American and
Royal St. John's.
at bottom prices warranted for 5 years and guarranteed to giva
RHODES BROWNE, PBES.. W. C. COART, Sao
Total Assets, $710,746.12,
A Home Company,
Seeking Home Patronage.
Term Policies written on Dwellings.
Premiums payable One half cash and bal
ance in twelve months.
J. ALLEN BROWN, Agt.,
28:6m- Salisbury, N. C.
-tfaifian Indian VecetablePmis
1 oil THR
nd all Bilious Complaints
-tfe J. take. Imsmk urly Ytxe'.-iMe;
in". l'rirv-25 cts. All Drtuoo
ypuBgjTivE nil I o
the entire system in three months. Any
irum 10 ia irees!, msy do restored to I
rcicalo CouipL-unts these Pills have no i
;. v sen! free lv mail. Don't dtlay a mumcuL
f rcveiiuon is better than cure.
crac mr.nenza. BMas st the Lnn n
ire. t. a. jvma.i.i c w., uoaiou, nasi.
Ho; Cholera, Ac. Sold everywhere, or sent bv mall fnrtte. la
stamps. Furnished in Usee cans, price $1.00; by mall, tl-30.
Circulars free. I. S. JOHJiBON CO., Boston, JUss.
Ill IIS LAY