SALISBURY. N. C JULY 17, 1884.
J.T SALISBURY, SATURDAY, AUG.
The Democratic County Convention
for Rowan, will be held at tbe Conrt
House in Salisbury, Saturday August 9th,
1884, at 12 o'clock M., for tbe purpose of
noiniuating candidates as follows, to wit :
Bouse of Representatives, Register of
Deeu County Treasurer, Sheriff, Cor
oner aud County Surveyor.
The Democratic Towusbip Conven
tions will be held respectively at the
usual voting precints, on Saturday Aug.
2d, 1884, at 12 o'clock M., for the purpose
of electing delegates t the County Con
tention, aud also f . !Mg Township
Executive Coiuiuitweieach committee
tn. ixinMHt of live active j -mocrats.
Each Township mujr rid as many
delegates to the Couuty Couveution as it
may see fit.
The Township Executive Committees
will also meet in Salisbury Aug. 9th
1884 to elect the Couuty Executive Com
mittee, J. W. Maukev, Ch'in.
Dein. Co. Ex-Corn.
Salisbury, July 7i, 1884.
TION. Statesville, X. C.f June 27, 1884.--The
undersigued would respectfully no
tify the Democrats of the 7th congres
sional district of North Carolina, that the
Democratic executive committu of said
district has called a convention to meet
in the town of Salisbury, N. C, on the
1st Thursday in August next, for the
purpose of nominating a candidate for
Congress and also an elector for said dis
trict. The various townships aud coun
ties composing said district are requested
to hold their conventions for the purpose
of electing delegates to said district con
vention. H. BlNGHAM, y
Chairman Ex. Com. 7th Dist.
FACTS AND FIGURES.
WHAT IT COSTS 'TO HUN THE INTERNAL
REVENUE MACHINE IN N. CAROLINA.
In the discussion of the sundry
civil appropriation bilMu the Senate,
the House bill exempting distilleries
mashing less than ten gallons a day
from provisions of title 35 of the
statutes, requiriug such distillery to
be provided with a storekeeper and
ganger, a Senate amendment was pro
posed to the following effect:
"No collector shall approve the
bond of any distiller until all the re
quirements of the law, and all regu
lations made by the commissioner of
interna revenue in relation to distil
leries in pursuance thereof have been
complied with ; nor shall the collec
tor hereafter approve any bond of a
grain distiller the survey of vbo?e
distillery shall be for a less capacity
than ten bushels of grain per day ;
nor shall the per diem capacity of any
grain distillery be reduced below ten
bushels. Every collector who vio
lates this provision shall forfeit and
pay $2,000 and be dismissed from
office; and every distiller of grain
who, after the first day of November,
1884, operates his distillery on a less
capacity than ten bushels of grain per
day, shall be liable to tbe fines, for
feitures, aud imprisonment specified
in section 3,260 of the Revised Stat
utes." Senator Vance opposed the amend
ment for the reason that it practically
destroyed the smaller distilleries and
gave the larger ones a monopoly of
me ousiuess. in the course of his re
marks he siliowcd by some striking
facts and figures what the internal
revenue machine in North Carolina
really i, nd what it costs the people
to support a gang of political strikers.
He said :
Mr. President, I hope the Senate
Will not concur in that proposition to
strike out and insert. In the opera-
uons oi the small distilleries iu this
country X think there is more shame
less corruption and fraud practiced
upon the government than in any
other department of this government,
great as that may be. In the States
oi Kentucky, West Virginia, Vir
gin, Tennessee, North and South
Carolina and Georgia, there are found
a great many small distilleries with a
capacity of from three to three and a
an bushels to ten UusIipIs f rr.n
per day. Jn the Stale of North Car
olina there are reported to be 408
grain distilleries, 371 of which are in
wnsiant. operation, and 1,246 fruit
awui.ej-ies, making 1,654. Onlv five
ftave a capacity of mashing more than
uusneis per day. To each one of
I Ilea 1 ..ii . W
ed a storekeeper and ganger, To
every six or eight of the fruit distil
leries is assigned a ganger during
that per iod of the year when they are
in operation, and in every county
these are more or less of what are
called warehouses, i or storehouses,
which also have in attendance upon
them what is called a general store
keeper, the pay of whom is from four
to five dollars per day.
The product of taxation on this
whole number of 1,654 small distil
leries in North Carolina is $451,194.
The total amount of taxation collect
ed by the Internal Revenue Deprrt
ment in the State of North Carolina
amounts to $2,377,116, of which
$1,925,922 is derived from tobacco,
leaving $451,194 as the product of
these small distilleries of grain and
I will give the Senate in a moment
the cost of running these small distil
leries and of collecting the revenue
from them. For the past year, end
ing June 30, 1883, the amount col
lected in the sixth collection district
alone, the one in which the greatest
number of small distilleries is to be
found, was $456,864,16. The cost of
collecting that last year was $190,
284,26, or about 40 per cent. Of
this $456,864,16 I have not the exact
means of determining what portion is
attributable to tobacco and what to
spirits, for the tobacco product and
the spirits product are not separated
in the report ot tne commissioner oi
internal revenue for the districts as
they are for the State, but from my
personal knowledge of the manufac
tories of tobacco which are situated in
that district, I am quite sure that the
amount of money collected from the
spirits alone would not pay the cost
of its collection.
In the year 1881 the amount col
lected in that district was $499,455,
08, and the cost of collecting it was
$268,324, or about 57 per cent, and
when tbe cost of suits in court and ot
prosecutions and of all the legal pro
ceedings attendant upon the execu
tion of thelaw is taken into consider-
ation. the cost in that district ot col
lecting the tax on both whisky and
tobacco was about 90 per cent, as
placed by the estimate of the com
missioner oi internal revenue ; ana
taking out the tobacco proceeds the
cost of collecting the spirit tax of that
district was far more than the tax
To show you that this system is
used not for the purpose of revenue
but for the pnrpose of maintaining an
army ot officeholders who answer a
very convenient and satisfactory pur
pose about election tin es, I will read
the cost of collecting the internal rev
enue since 1878 in that district and
show what years there was a general
election held, and ask Senators to
note the difference.
For the year ending June 30th,
1878, the amount collected in the
sixth collection district of North Car
olina was $252,288,24. The cot of
collecting it was $57,541,47, or about
25 per cent. That year there was no
election. In 1879 the amount col
lected was $338,659,93, being an in
crease ot about dU per cent on tne
amount collected, and the cost of col
lecting was $136,987,05, being an in
crease of nearly 300 per cent in the
cost of collecting. That was the elec
tion year. For the year ending June
30, 1880, the amount collected was
$455,457, and the cost of collecting
was $182,172,70. There was no elec
tion that year. For the year ending
June 30, 1881, the amount collected
was $499,455,08, and th cost of col
lecting was $268,324, or about 57 per
cent, as I have said before. There was
an election that year. For the year
ending June 30, 1882, the amount col
lected was $508,174,32, the cost of
collecting which was $159,970,36.
There was no election that year. No
election for the fiscal year ending June
30, 1882. So. in that case there was an
increase of only $9,000 in the amount
collected, and tljere was a decrease of
$106,000 in the cost of collection as
compared with the cost of the preced
ing election year. The amount col
lected for the fiscal year ending June
30, 1883, was $456,864,17, and the
cost of collecting was $190,284,26, as I
have before said. This covered the
election year of J 882, embracing the
period of the fall of 1882, when the
elections were held.
If anything more were needed to
show that this whole machinery was
used down there in the State of North
Carolina for purely political purposes
and as a means of relieving tne cam
paign committees of the expense of
tiring men out of their own pockets
for the purpose of canvassing, let me
further read about the appointment of
officers in that same district. In the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1881, which
period covered no election, the total
number of officers reported was three
hundred and thirty-nine, of whom
seven were special deputies. For the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1881, which
period covered the State and national
elections, the number of officers was
four hundred and twenty-seven, of
which number fifty-four were special
deputies. For tjie fiscal year ending
June 30, 1882, a period which covered
no political 'election, the number of
officers shrank down to three hundred
and ten, and the number of special
deputies shrank down to nine, although
the records show that there had been
a steady increase in the number of
small distilleries, and there ought to
have been if honestly administered, an
increase in the officers in proportion.
I have already read the expenses of
collecting. In 1878 there were paid to
the character of officers called guagers
only $3,937,31 ; for the year ending
June 30, 1879, $2,228,20 ; for the year
ending June 30, 1880, $3,519,09 ; for
the year ending June 30, 1881, $8,306,
48, and for the year ending June 30,
1882, $10,897,50. The amount paid to
storekeepers in the same period for the
year ending June 30, 1878, was $28,
922 ; for the year ending June 30,
1879, $98,757 ; for the year ending
June 30, 1880, $161,412 ; for the year
ending June 30, 1881, $201,395i That
covered the year of the presidential
election in 1880. For the year ending
June 30, 1882, the amount paid to
storekeepers was $1 1 5,567. So it goes
up or it goes down just as the exigen
cies of the party may require, and the
revenue takes care of itself, the object
of the department being to take case of
Senator Vance then continued at
some length to show the evils of the
system, how burdensome it was to the
people of North Carolina, and how the
provision passed by the Democratic
House would make it more acceptable
to the people. He strongly opposed
the Senate amendment. But notwith
standing his forcible speech the Re
publicans of the Senate voted down
the House proposition and inserted the
The July North American Review
contains quite a number of papers in
which the problem of the negro at
the South is discussed from various
standpoints. Among them are arti
cles by Senators Vance and Morgan
and others by Fred. Douglas and
Prof. Greener. Every view is pre
sented. Most of the articles make
reference to the rapid increase of the
colored race as indicated by the cen
sus figures. As we pointed out when
Mr. Gilliam's article was published,
the census of 1870 is incorrect and
anv calculations based on it are vi-
cious aud erroneous. There has beeu
no such enormous increase among the
negroes as the eensus tables show.
But the race is increasing rapidly and
not dying out. Present conditions
are, however, more favorable to the
prosperity of the negro than can be
expected in years to come. When
our population becones dense the ne
gro element will cease to increase from
causes that have produced the same
effect in all ages of the world. Had
there beeu no such influences to check
the growth of population the world
would long since have been peopled
beyond its capacity to sustain life.
But history proves that the inferior
race in any composite community af
ter reaching a certain turning point
declines and in the course of ages dis
appears. And so when the popula
tion of North Carolina shall reach
many millions, and poverty and suf
fering shall make themselves factors,
the survival of the fittest will be the
law of existence and the inferior race
will fall into decay. For many years
yet to come there will be room for all,
and labor can find ready employment
and suffering will play no part in ar
resting the increase of population.
But when the point of overpopulation
is reached, as it surely will be, the
negro will feel its influence more posi
tively than the whites, and the Anglo
Saxon will survive while the African
race will dwindle. It will be centu
ries before this turning point is reach
ed ; but when say fifteen or tweuty
millions of people are to be supported
by the products of our State, this uni
versal law of nature will come into
operation. Disease and the difficulty
of obtaining work will interpose to
prevent a continued increase, and the
weaker and less provident race will
gradually diminish and eventually
pass away. JHeios-Observer.
Struck Oil. A whale got on the
shoal water of the sea beach on the
coast of Knott's Island, in Currituck
county on Sunday morning, June 22,
and some few fishermen found him
making the water fly, "a huge levia
than, floundering on a shoal" and
killed him. It was estimated that he
would make 150 barrels of oil, which
will be a snug little sum for the for
tunate captors, Elizabeth City Economist,
How to Bring: up Children.
Treat them kindly.
Don't preach politeness and pro
priety to them and violate their laws
yourself. In other words, let the ex
ample yon set them be a good one.
Never q Barrel in their presence.
If you want to quarrel, wait till tbe
children are gone to bed. Then they
will not see you, and perhaps by that
time you may not want to quarrel.
Never talk "old folks" talk in
front of children.
Never speak flippantly of neighbors
before children. They may meet the
neighbor's children and have a talk
Teach them to think that the little
boy in rags has a heart in him in
spite of his rags and a stomach, too.
Teach them as they grow older
that a respectful demeanor to others,
a gentle tone of voice, a kind dispo
sition, a generous nature, an honest
pnrpose, and an industrious mind,
are better than any thing else on earth.
Teach them these things and self-reliance
and intelligence and capability
will come of themselves. Teach them
these things, I say, and your boys
and girls will grow up to be noble
men aud women. Ex.
".Good morning, Miss Dodge."
"Good morning, Mrs. Logan. How
are yon getting aloug with yonr let
ter?" "Very poorly, thank yob. It's
bard to understand all about the
tariff question and the other meau
things in the platform. How are yon
doing?" "Very nicely, thanks. I
shall use the letter I wrote for James
in 1880." "Isn't that niee l I wish
I had some old letters. It is such a
nuisance to write. You know how
crooked John is over his war record.
Last night he insisted on adding some
thing about it, and this is what he
wrote: "I have went through fire
and blood for this Union, and I have
neyer did anything that my constitu
ents had to blush for." I told him
that wouldn't do, and he got so angry
that he slept on the lounge all night.
Uh, dear me, 1 wish there was no
such thing as politics.
Thus Time Revenges Crimes.
Few of our readers have forgotten
the series of outrages in -Pitt county
with which the Paramore and Parker
brothers were associated ; the burning
of barns ; the attempt to poison Mr.
Laughinghouse's well ; the murder of
Gen. Bryan Grimes; the suicide at
Cheraw ; the convictions at Wilsou,
etc., etc. And now comes another
chapter to the villaneous history.
Washington Gazette says :
"Burt Paramore aud Dick Peebles,
while attempting to break into a house
near Baltimore, Md., were shot and
killed. Burt Paramore will be re
membered as one of the Paramore
brothers. Dick Peebles was a native
of Pitt county." Farmer and Me
chanic In France after the growing of
beet sugar it was found to the sur
prise of farmers that they could grow
more wheat than before. The refuse
from the large quantity of beet roots
euabled them to keep more stock and
manure their land better. It will
very probably after a time be found
to result the same for other crops in
this country, on account of the great
er attention given to growing amber
cane for sugar. Almost the exclu
sive devotion to one of two crops re
sults in gradual exhaustion of the
soil and diminution of profit. When
farm industries are diversified, more
care, rather than less, is given to each
one, and the result is greater prosper
ity. A southern judge lately decided
that a husband "can strike his wife
three licks with a switch aud escape
punishment," and the Boston Poet
says his Honor is evidently unmar
ried or he would know better.
Although the facts have been
brought out before, it is still a sur
prise to many to learn that one-fourth
of the population of Massachusetts
consists of foreigners, and that anoth
er fourth is of foreign parentage, so
that half the people of ike State are
now essentially foreign.
New York 8 an.
Many cool propositions have been
presented this year from all parts
of the country for a grab at the
funds of the Treasury, but the
palm for brazen assurance must be
awarded to an application from
Germany. One Philip Schatzle re
cently petitioned Congress to be al
lowed an income from tbe Govern
ment, on tbe ground that he once
lived in this country and became
naturalized, but went back to live
io the fatherland about fifteen years
go, where he has now become un
able to support himself. Philip
Schatzle must have heard about the
surplus in the Treasury.
Gen. Grant is at Long Branch, but
he does not drive his thoroughbreds
as formerly. He happened to lend
his two fast horses to Mr. Ferdinand
Ward, and the creditors gobbled them
up with the rest of the assets.
Anti-Jewish Riot. 'Algiers, Jane 30.
Serious auti-semetic riots occurred here
yesterday. Much blood was shed and
the Jews quarter was pillaged. Order
was at last restored by the troops.
The Swift Creek nod Bland Ford cot
ton factories, uear Petersburg, Va.r have
stopped work, throwing out of employ
ment a large Dumber of bauds.
Fears are entertained in Paris that the
exodus from Marseilles and Toulon will
result in spreading tbe cholera in France.
There were fourteen deaths from chol
era at Marseilles jesterdry, and tbe panic
is increasing, all who eau are leaving the
city. There were ten deaths at Toulon,
among them one Sister of Charity.
Paris, July 1. There was three deaths
from cholera at Marseilles last night, and
four at Toulon. The railway stations at
both cities ars filled with refugees who
are eager to get away. Italy has sent a
transport to take Italians from th plague
STANDS AT THE HEAD!
That it is the acknowledged Leader is a
fact that cannot be disputed.
MANY IMITATE IT.
NONE EQUAL IT.
The Largest Armed.
The Lightest "Running.
The Most Beautiful Wood Work.
WD IS WARRANTED
To be made of the beet material.
To do any and all kinds of work.
To be complete in every respect.
Agents wanted in unoccupied territory.
DOMESTIC SEWING MACHINE CO.,
For gale bv KLUTTZ
'84 36:1 y.
Salisbury, N. C.
Rowan County, Jane 5th, 84.
PUBLIC SALE OF VALUABLE
At the Court House door in Salisbury, on
Monday the 4th day of August, 1884, 1 will
sell that valuable plantation formerly own
ed bv George Cauble, situated fire miles
south of Salisbury adjoining the Rimer
Mine land, and the land of David Eller and
others, containing 185 acres. This land
has a number of
on it. and is believed to be rich in minerals.
Terms of sale. One half of the purchase
money will be required as soon as tbe sale
is confirmed, and a credit of 6 months, with
interest at eight per cent from day of sale
will be allowed for the other half. By order
of Coart, J. M. HORAH, Clerk
Superior Court, Rowan Co.
The firm heretofore existing under the
nnme of Morgan & Bro., has been this
ilar dissolved by mutual consent. J. M
Morgan will coutiuue tbe business at the
old stand. All persons indebted to the
firm v ill come forward aud settle their
accounts at once. Morgan St Bao.
A CARD !
t tnlrn this method to return thanks to
the public for the very liberal patronage
ivuatowed nnou us in the past. A com
plete stock of Cigars always on baud.
35;4t. J. M, MORGAN.
For the Sale of Leaf Tobacco
Salisbury, Jfrrth Carolina.
FARMER'S REMEMBER KLUTTZ WAREHOUSE has sold THREE
FOURTHS of all the Tobacco sold on this market this season, and can show
the highest averages for crops and a general avenge second to none in the
state for the same grades of Tobacco.
Is the BEST LIGHTED, BEST ARRANGED and the only house in the
place that has STORAGE ROOM FOR PLANTER'S TOBACCO.
If you want the HIGHEST PRICES for your Tobacco sell at
where you wiU. always find a full turn-out of anxious buyers.
JOHN SHEPPARD, the Champion Tobaooo Auctionmb op Western
North Carolina, has orders for Tobaccos and will pay HIGHEST PRICES
for all grades from the Ground Leaves to Fancy Lemon Wrappers.
HIGHEST PRICES GUARANTEED.
Salisbury, N. C, June 4th, 1884.
I wUI completely change the blood in
Mm wVi n will teka 1 T i 1 1 .i) ; rn
fc lta, tf Rich a thing-be possible. For Female Complaints these Pills have no onaX.
TMi ! i Imi.i h.a ttinm Cat ! joii-n mum T IIIVU -1 XI t Tlv w .1 i
mm i - -
ereeni lyffl tor 25c lartampe. CI? mil
liicacs o the Spies. Soki erorywherc. C irculars frs
It h S wcO-known faet that moat of the
Bens and Cauls Powder sold In tbit coun
try U worthless; that 9heridan t Condition
Powder It absolu te'y pure and very alu able.
Nothing on Earth will make hens
KSS&SiS lllrlliL IILIlV LH I
Mod. It will alto polUvely nrest and enre I
CHICKEN CHOLERA, I
, one teaspoonful to each pint of
Dec. to, 1883. 10:ly
PACE'S WAREHOUSE !
UNION STEET, - -
Is now opened and ready for business. We have
one of the LARGEST
Warelwuse ever built.
FOR THE SALE OP LEAF TOBACCO
in the best leaf market in
A. Ti-ial Is AA Wo AbIc.
rompt returns and closi
personal attention to consign men ts.
R. M. DAVIS,
Furniture Dealer Upholsterer,
PARLOR SUITS, 35 to $100
CHEAP BEDS, $2.50. FINE LINE OF CARPETS.
Sewiner Machines Weed and Hartford. W
to correspond with i"""?!
R RODKS BROWNE. PUS.. W. C COART, SEC
Total Asfseta, $710,745.12.
A Home Company,
Seeking Home Patronage.
Torm Pnlicies written on Dwellings.
Premiums payable One half cash and bal
ance in twelve months.
J. ALLEN BROWN, Agt.,
29:6m. Saliebur" N. C.
4k JT. ML M
Your friends truly,
SHEPPARD, SWINK & MONROE.
the entire Sjal a in thi
1 to - - -
muu wvnai UIKWI, BOM CTCrjTVCCre,
free. I. s. JOHKSOX a CO., notion. uu.
Croup, Asthma, Ei-o-aehltia, Nearal
Cta, Rheumatism. .' mnso.vs anu-
1YNE LIMIIKNT ( Tor -rf mm4 Esse mml
Vt will hntaiMaiMMiuaiv rU re lesss tcrrue
diseaiei, simI miU , .civelv cure nine eases
out of ten. InfrrmHUea that will asvs tn
lira enl Ore bv mail: Drat deia a, T
CURES Influenza, Bteedine tt the I.onm
e. 1. &
)vnenterr. itolet Horse. Winer Trouble, sal
jtniw.ii a. im bosk, sias.
Hoe Cholera. Ac. Sold Tery where, e
dt mall for e.tsi
cans, price 1.00 ; hy taall, $140.
and most COMPLETE
the United States.
Pace Bros. & Co.
MI WALNUT SUITS, $50
Cottage Suits, 20, 26 and $30
Woven Win Mattresses, $748,
V.EfnT mon.V nd ofVl f eultnr.. Write for
iHic.HT s Indian V egetable Pius
And all Qillous Complaints
Vale to take. Muz urly vegetable;
in;. I'luri.ds All Drtuuiata.
SAVE YOUR FRUIT !
Scares Fruit Preservative !
Without the use of Sealed Cans. The
CHEAPEST and ONLY SURE KIND
KNOWN. Perfectly Harmless. Call
and try it.
At E3XIS8' Drug Store.
There will be a meeting of the Stock -bolder
of the Western N . C. Railroad Com
pany in Salisbury, N. C, on Tuesday -the
25th June, 1884. By order of the Presi
dent. Geo. P. Erwik,
Sec'y ft Treasc.
Salisbury, N. C. May 21, 1884.