I "II HI II
111 IF M f -
thuksoay, Jj;r. 10, ism
The ivw-btfcrtvr adverts to the fact
that fee fiuaueio of the country, after all
tlnir toil anil self-denial of the year, are
.jdisapiioiiwed in the result by the low
price of farm products. If they come out
even fheV .arc -.fortunate. One heading
cause of thlirappointnient a very justly
ehareed to "flic account of the present
tariff, which takes out of the poc kets -of
tho i...,,t,1i- nvprv- venr millions of dollars
" i r
. . 1 . .... ,. nn cti
more man is roiiym'wP", u -vm
mimical administration of the govern
imnt A Unwiuui of lhiw. excess is an
tdicd toitottMrtnwiPC tje pfe debt,
and tho renmiu.dk-r ia piled up in tno na
lionul treasury, nt Washington. The
wrong is in taking it from the people ;
H.nd it is a wrong difficult to correct. One
plan of relief, the distribution of the sur
plus foroehool purposes, will practically
amount to no relief at all, but in all prob-
ik ability fasten upon the country the op-
' . . -t re ... a.
prestuon eompiaiuca oi ior many years to
come ; for if the general government
hall once assume the right of a State in
the matter of public education it will
create anotlier reason for tho continuance
of the oppressive tariff.
Mr. Tilden is out in a recent letter in
which he recommends that the surplus
money be appropriated to strengthening
our coast defenses. He alleges what is
no doubt true, that with the improved
naval armament of the present clay, our
coast cities, Boston, New York, Philadel
phia, Baltimore, Norfolk, Wilmington,
Charleston, Savannah, New Orleans, and
those on the Pacific, are practically with
out defense. It is no doubt an important
suggestion, but can it be done ? and what
will it cost ? Mr. Tildeu does not answer
either of these questions. If we could
build a mountain several hundred feet
high in the harbor of each of these cities,
and mount on them guns large enough to
carry shot of a ton's weight to the dis
tance of ten miles, perhaps we would
balk science and art for eight or ten years,
and we should then have to try something
else. Anything of real practical value
would certainly absorb all the surplus
money and i n i 1 1 ions besides. Money spent
in this way might minister to the national
pride, but add littlo to our strength. A
nation's greatest security is in the right
eousness of jts government, without
which curses are sure to come.
But we agree with our cotemporary
that the reduction of the tariff and public
expenses are subjects which should en
gross, the time and best efforts of Con
grosmcn: The toiling millions of the
country, whose hearts sicken at the end
pf each year, when they cast up accounts
and balance books, demand it. Cut down
expenses, reduce the tariff, and leave the
money in the prickets of the people w here
it pfptKJriy belongs, and a work of simple
justice will be performed , such the
people have a right to expect, and one
which Congres.. has for years most un
justly denied them.
Hanged in Gates County.
On last Monday, three negroes, John
Bwanner, Isaac Richardson, and Edward
Saunders, Were hanged for burglary, so
says the Charlotte Observer. Their crime
wai committed m September, at "coun
try store, which they entered and robbed
of considerable money and goods. They
were heavily armed and prevented the
clerk from interfering or coming down to
them from the upper story where he
alepVHe saved his fife by allowing them
to proceed for had he interfered he
would have been murdered. - This makes
the case of intent to murder clear, and
they richly deserved the fate that out
Twp more offender of this character
wore oxcuted in Oaarlotte on yesterday.
11 'Mfrl nouSh fur the press of
salnflj TfbV BrfgliCnd and of Ootham
New York to poke ftin at this law, but
the protection of honest men and of in
nOflBl., ;Wonp3n while asleep and resting
from 'ihe-toilsome struggle of lifo is a
manor tnat is too dear to the people of
norm Carolina to allow a foolish senti
ment to interfere in the execution of a
Jyet and humane law.
believed that the telephone
! an American invention. But the
Scientific American of November 28tbult.,
presents facts which break this delusion!
The honor belongs to Thilip Rcis,andtho
machines used by hira fn a lecture deliv-
erea Dctorc.tbe Physical Society, of
r raniuoYt, England, in 1661, -have 4een
brought out aud their working qualities ,
mm tarn lectures-on the occasion i
referred to, he claimed "that his machine
would transmit speech to a distance, pro-
.Hnwj wio sou no of various instruments,
and even to a certain extent, the human
voice.'1 This is about all that the TUn fi.
ephone can do, nearly a quarter of a cen-!
tury after Reis' lecture and exhibition at
The content between Bell nd rr
E!iha Gray as to the rightful ownership of
the Belt trWi, . ,
r"" jmhiii, is io oe re
newed, and the co-operation of the gov
ernment has been invoked to break down
the monopoly. Gray claims that Bell
was allowed to steal his secret from the
Patent Office after he filed his papers for
a patent,-and if this can be clearly shown
the ownership must change hands.
The Observer says that nearly one-half
f the male population of Chariots wn
Endowment and Benevolent Association
of America." The scheme was a very en-
tietngone, and there must have been but
a shade of difTa ence between it an.l some
of the more open gamohng concerns so
popular now. fo far the w ritcr lias heard
no complaint among our people on th's
Dr. Franklin has the credit of saying
. . 1 J .,..t tlwt loo.t '
manv wise tilings in his , "T
of which is, "A place for every thing and
everything in its place." Housekeepers,
shopmen, merchants of all sorts-, indeed,!
every class of people tan testify to tlie
trouble which almost daily result from
the neglectful habit of jersons about
them who fail to observe this simple rule.
Things of frequent use are carried away
from the place to which they belong and
left lying where last used. When want
ed, they are not in their place ; then com
mences a vexatious search, and everyone
perhaps is asked where is the hammer,
the scissors, the tackclaw, the gimlet ,
screw drivers or whatever else H may be
that is out of place, and nobody knows.
The search goes on until all concerned
arc disturbed about it not because it is
so valuable, but because it is needed at
that very moment and nothing else will
do in place of it. . j .
Have yon never known serious trouble
to arise from such causes? Fretful tem
pers often give way under such important
trifles, if the expression may be used, and
sometimes say and do things which a mo
ment before was far from their hearts or
minds and all yes, ail the result of the
thoughtless act of some one who has fail
ed to return the tool or implement used
to the place where it belongs. Our pri
vatc opinion is that such careless people
ought to be J ! ! !
The Panama Canal was a grand con
edition, but there is now no room to
doubt that a great mistake was made in
estimating the cost. M. Dc Lesscps' cal
culations will fall far short of the amount
recmircd to complete it. Only one-thir
tieth of the dredging, and one-fiftieth of
the rock cutting has been done, and that
at the cost of $120,000,000. Expert en
gineers say the whole cost of the work
cannot be less than $550,000,000. And it
is therefore apparent that years of time
must be added to those already expendec
on it before those who put their money
into it can ever see it coming back. Let
Congress take up the Eads project of
ship railroad and the work will be in use
before the end of the present decade.
A luminous or light-giving insect of
Mexico large and very brilliant. Worn
by the Indians at night, one on each leg,
to enable them to see where they are
stepping, and to avoid snnkes. Worn by
Mexican ladies on their heads in t ran spa
rent bags, fastened in the hair. They are
more brilliant than diamonds, and are
said to produce a very fine effect:
The Wheat Contest
We mentioned in our last issue that
Capt. M. J. Faggof this city had challeng
ed the fanners of the 9th congressional
district on a yield of wheat from three
acres. At the suggestion of farmers down
the W. N. C. R. B., he extends the chal
lenge to all farmers as far down and in
cluding Bowan count v. There are a
great many fine wheat growers in. coun
ties east of the Bulge, and we trust not
less than fifty will enter the contest.
Quite a number have already put in their
names. Send in your name and address
to Capt. Fagg or the editor of this paper,
that you may be registered in due time.
As soon as possible, it is desired to have a
meeting, or come to some understanding
with each other as to what the premium
shall be. If you have anything like a
good field from which a three acre lot
could be measured, send in your name.
and enter the contest. We hope to hear
from a great many of those large wheat
growers in Catawba, Iredell, Bowan and
other good wheat growing counties. This
kind of friendly rivalry in the production
of crops, will do much toward keeping up
an interest in the daily work, and do much
toward stimulating farmers to always
make as much as possible on their farms.
Country Homes, Hickory, N. C.
Those of the farmers of Bowan who de
sire to enter this contest should send
their names at once. Some of the wheat
raisers say that they have only pitched
the usual crops in the usual way, and
that a contest would hardly be fair this
year, while others who had this thiug in
yicw, made special preparations. But
take it as it comes, three or five acres of
the best in fields, Bowan will measure
with any of the counties.
Two wheeled vehicles are likoly to come
into general use again. Walter C. Brad
ford, of California, has patented a buggy
of this kind of reputed merit.
Nelson Stewart and Anderson Davis,
negro house-breakers and robbers, were
hung at Charlotte, yesterday, both on
tlie anme gallows and at the same time.
They were u gentlemen'1 negroes, who
dressed well and did little or no work.
Wm. IT. VANDERBfLT, the millionaire.
dipped dead in his parlor, Deo, 8th, while
' s mm, uamn, president of
Bl,tilBnre nd railroad. He was
m perroct health; and while sitting on
the Sofa, Mr. Garrett sitting in front of
him noticed that his speech became inar-
neuinrc, and lie fell forward h-avilv UDon
t,,e ftoor- Physicians, promptly summon.
cd, pronounced the cause paralysis of the
brain. Ho is to be burie d tomorrow
Vi, Li,- Tim l.i r j i
mAtc1 at $200,000,000, with
...j. t v. hl'biiii hi iicreasea was
an annual im
come of $10,000,000.
Prom Our Regular Correspondent.
Washington, Dec. 4, 1885.
When this letter machos you the 49th
S?g1 W mmiS, Probably
the much disctwed question of a succe
sor to ice President Hi rt,.i..w. :iiTT
.Vv, ut.t.u BciiKu, mougn this is' not
t Turn I.wJ. am a! . . .
I .ffSF" arc that at the caucus
I fiends of Senators Edmunds EST S
SeaatorTbli i'!her .fJthe ,atter
emtio Congressmen. Ixiran and hZ
miV" ar? epnentatives of the bloody
stnrt wing of their partv. Th
A h4 I
RiittSffilSfe in tral America, m hen
. "piii nit republican Sen- b okc o t in M,i Vi!l l.iut
ators oWht at least to Choose a more con-1
serVatlVC memOTOl Uieir way luriv ic sci ivca m n-t-tiuHj; iue ihhbhi WH
sidiiv oflicer. Since a Republican lias to j across the isthmus of Panama, during
bo taken Democratic Senators would . the civil war in the United States of Co
prefer Senator Edmunds. There is con- lumbia, It was a delicate duty requiring
sideraWe opposition to him. however, an armed force, but happily successful.
among those who will decide i he quest ion.
A Republican Senator said: I would
!olt Edmunds for two reasons first his
attitude in the last campaign, and second
ly because of his uncalled for decisiou
during the Presidential count." Senator
Edmunds held that the President of the
Senate could exercise no judicial function
during the count "Whether right or
wrong," continued the disaffected sena
tor, "it was merely an expression of opin
ion, which any Senator might have made,
but being made at that particular time
ami in that particular way, it will always
be quoted as a precedent."
The revision of the rules will be the
first subject brought to the attention of
. . . . ... . . . .
the House, ana tnen some oui provming
for the succession of the Cabinet officers
to the Presidency will have early atten
tion. But the great features of the win
ter's session will be the silver question,
the tariff, and civil service reform.
There is a marked contrast between the
situation now and that of the week pre
ceding the opening of the 48th Congress.
At that time Bepresentatives Carlisle,
Randall, Springer, and Cox were actively
engaged in a contest for the Speakership.
Rival candidates for the position of Clerk,
Sergeant-at-Arms, Doorkeeper, House
Postmaster, etc.. were busy with their
canvasses. Each arriving Congressman
was button-holed. Now Mr. Carlisle is
conceded a re-eleotion without question
or opposition. Mr. Cox is on duty in far
away Turkey. Mr. Springer is enthusi
astic over his plan for revising the House
rules, and the distinguished head of the
Appropriations committee is devoting his
time to financial literature, at his quiet
home on Capitol hill.
The last important appointment made
by the President gives great pleasure to
the Democrats of the District of Colum
bia. It was the Marshalship of the Dis
trict, and Col. Albert Wilson, a well
know'ii Democratic citizen of Washington,
is the man. He was born within a few
squares of the White House forty-five
years ago, and has always lived in this
city. Last evening he stood in his cozy
parlor, and received a stream of friends
who called to congratulate him
His offiec is considered the most valua
ble Federal office in the District. Its
compensation is restricted by Congress to
$b,000 a year, any excess over that amount
from the fees of the office being turned in
to the Treasury. The patronage of the
office consists of a deputy at $3,000, a chief
bailitt at $1,400, another at $l,o00, and
several at $ 1,100 each.
1 he ofhee had come m recent years to
be so closely associated with the President
personally, and with the social ceremo
nies at the White House that it was ex
pected to be filled by a friend of the Pi es
ident. The selection of a Marshal who is
identified with the locality could not but
be acceptable to the Democracy of the
There is a gradual removal of the Re
publican clerks in the Departments here.
Men and women have drawn salaries
month after month in Washington under
past administrations without working for
them. Old Department records will show
this. If the neonle knew how manv
worthless clerks thev havo supported
here, without receiving any work in re
turn tor their money, ,thcv would lc as
tonished. The cleaning out is slow but
sure. Almost every dav some of them tro
from each Department.
Our Condition at Home and Relations
A EXHAUSTIVE DOCUMEXT--OUR INTER
NAL AND EXTERNAL POLICY REVIEWED,
WITH SUGGESTIONS THEREON THE MON
EY QUESTION SUSPENSION OF SILVER
COINAGE RECOMMENDED, ETC.
Washington, D. C. )
Dec. 8, 1885. )
7b the Congress of the United States :
Yourissembling is clouded by a sense
of public bereavement, caused by the re
cent and sudden death of Thomas A. Hen
dricks, Vice-President of the United
States. His distinguished nnblic services.
his completo integrity and devotion to
every duty, and his personal virtues will
fitod honorable record in his countrv's
Ample and repeated proof of the es
teem and confidence in which be wns
ield by his fellow countrymen, were man-
lesieu Dy nis election to ollices of the
most important trust, aud highest digni
ty, and at length, full of years and of
honors, he has been laid at rest amid uni
versal sorrow and benediction.
AT THE THRESHOLD.
.The constitution which requires those
chosen to legislate for the people to an
nually meet in the discharging of their
solemn trust, also requires the President
to give to the Congress information of the
State of tho Union and recommend to
their consideration such messages as he
shall deem necessary and expedient. At
thothreshold of a compliance with those
constitutional directions, it is well for us
to bear in mind that our usefulness to the
the people's interests will bo promoted by
a constant appreciation of the scope and
character of our respective duties as they
Mate to the Federal legislation. While
the executive may recommend such meas
ures as he shall deem expedient, the re
sponsibility for legislative action Inust
and should rest upon those selected by
he people to make their laws.
; Contemplation of the grave and respon
sible functions assigned to the respective
constitution will disclose the partitions of
branches ot the government under J tho
power between our respective depart
ments and their necessary independence,
and also the need for tlie exercise of all
the power entrusted to each in that spirit
of comity and co-operation whicIPis es
sential to the proper fulfillment of the
patriotic obligations which rest upon us
as faithful servants of the people. .
The jealous watch fulness of our constit
uencies, great and small, supplements
weir sunrages, ana before tlie tribunal
Ihey establish every public servant should
The President thep proceeds to say that
me reiaiions ot the united States with all
foreign powers continues to be friendly,
there being no question of difficulty with
The Argentine government has revived
the long dormant question of the Falk
land Islands by claiming indemnity for a
U. 8. ship's breaking up a piratical colony
on inose lsianas in 1831 1 out our govern
ment considers the claim wholly ground
less. He says he could not gratify the Aus-tro-Hungary
government by recalling
Minister Keiley, who it seems, was per
sonally unacceptable to them, without
violating his oath of Office. That Mr.
Keiley has resigned the office, which is
now vacant, the interests of the govern
ment, meanwhilCi being in the care ot'the
Secretary of the legation, acting as charge
u-.ajratre au interim,
I he fricudJy cfiices of the government
contributed largely to the rcstorat ion of i
1 u il i tt x d .i 1 4 ! 1
oke o t in March last
This government also rendered valua-
ine i rooiuem, is opposeu 10 entangling
alliances with foreign countries and thinks
the government should adhere to the an
cient maxim on this subject.-
. AN IMrOIiTANT QUESTION.
Pending these occurrences a question of
much importance was presentecrly the
decrees of the Columbian government,
proclaiming the closure of certain "ports
then in the hands of the insurgents, and
declaring vessels held by the revolution
ists to be piratical and liable to capture
by any power. To neither of these prop
ositions could Jthe United States assent.
An effective closure of port1 not in the
possession of the government, but held by
hostile partisans, could not be recoguissea.
Neither could the vessels of the insur
gents against, the legitimate sovereignty
be deemed Itostea humwii generis within
the precepts of hittmiational law, what
ever might be the definition and penaltv
ot their acts under the municipal law of
the Stato against whose authority they
were in revolt. The denial by this gov
ernment of the Columbian propositions
did not, however, imply the admission of
a belligerent status ou the part of the
The Columbian government has ex
pressed its willingness to negotiate con
ventions for the adjustment by arbitra
tion of claims by foreign citizens arising
out ot the destruction of the city of As
pinWaB by the insurrectionary forces.
IMPORTANCE 01 THE 18T1IMUS TRANSIT.
l ne interest ot the united btates in a
practicable transit for ships across the
strip of land separating the Atlantic from
the Pacific has been repeatedly manifested
during the last half century. .
My immediate predecessor caused to be
negotiated with Nicaragua a treaty for
the Construction, by and at the sole cost
of the United States, of a canal through
Nicaragua; territory and laid it before the
Senate. Pending the action of that body
thereon, I: withdrew the treaty for re
examination. Attentive consideration of
its provisions leads me to withhold it
from rc-submission to the Senate
In a summary of the Treasury exhibit
it is sliofvui that the ordinary receipts
from all sources for the fiscal year ended
June 30, 1885, were $.322,(5iK),70G.y8. Of
this sum $1, 6 1,471 ,989.34 was received from
customs and $112,498,725.54 from internal
revenue. The total receipts, as iriven
above were $24,829,163.54 less than those
tor the year ended June 30, 1884. This
diminution embraces the falling off of
$l.Vio,oo0.42 m receipts from customs
and $9,17.340.97 in receipts from internal
revenue. The total ordinary expenditures
of the government for the fiscal year were
$200,220,935.50, leaving a surplus in tho
Treasury at the close of the year of $03,
403,771.27. This is 0,929.854.32 less
than the surplus reported at the close of
the previous year
The fact that our resources are in ex
cesH ofthe actual needs of an economical
administration ot'the irovernmcnt justifies
a reduction in the amount exacted from
the people in its support. Our govern
ment is but the mean;; established by the
will of a free people, by which certain
principles are applied which they have
adopted lor their benefit and protection,
and iiisfnevcr better administered, than
when the peoples taxation for its support
is scrupulouslv limited to the actual ne
cessity uf expenditure- and distributed
according to a just aud equitable plan.
lft:ril?CTION OF THE REVENUE.
One pi-oposiTion with which we have to
deal is a reduction of the revenue received
by the general government, and paid by
tho people from custom duties. The
question office trade is not involved, nor
is there any occasion tor a general discus
sion of the wisdom or expediency of a
protective system. Justice and fairness
indicate that in any modification of our
present laws relating to the revenue, the
industries and interests winch have been
encouraged by such laws, and in which
our citizens have large investments, should
not oe ruthlessly iniured or d est roved.
We sho Id also deal with the subject in
such a planner s.s to protect the interests
of Amojrican labor, w hich is the capital of
our woj-kiugmcn. Its stability and prop
er remuneration furnish the most justifia
ble pretext lor a protective policy.
v lthm these limitations a certain re
duction should be made in our customs
revenue. The amount of such reduction
haying been determined, inquiry follows,.
where can it be-1 . he remitted and what
articles can best be released from duty in
the interest ot our citizens.
WHERE REDUCTION SHOULD BE MADE.
I think the reduction should be made in
the revenue derived from tax upon the
imported necessaries of life. We thus di
rectly lessen thehftost of living in every
family in the land, and release to the peo
ple in every humble home a large meas
ure of the rewards of frugal industry.
Sinco February 1875, the government
has, under the compulsory provisions of
tho law, purchased silver bullion and
coined the same at the rate of more than
two millions of dollars every month. By
this process up to the present date $215,
759,431 of silver dollars have been coined.
A reasonable appreciation of the dele
gation of power to the general govern
ment would limit "its exercise, without ex
press restrictive words, to the people's
needs and the requirements ot the public
welfare. Upon this theory-the authority
to "coin money" given to Congress by the
constitution, if it permits purchase by the
government of bullion for coinage in any
event, docs not justify such purchase and
coinage to an extent teyoud the amount
needed for a sufficient circulating medi
um, The desire to utilize the silver
product ofthe country should not lead to
the misuse or the perversion of this power.
Necessity for such an addition to silver
currency of the nation as it is compelled
by the silver coinage act, is negatived by
the fact that up to the present time only
about fifty millions of silver dollars so
coined have actually found their way into
circulation, leaving luore than one hundred and
sixty-rive million iu possession of the govern
ment, the custody of which has entailed con
siderable expertise for tlie construction of vaults
for its deposf. Against this latter amount there
are; outstanding silver certificates amounting to
to 4'oat ninety three millions of dollars.
Evenr month millions of gold in the public
treasury are paid out for two millions or more
of silver dollars, to be added to the idle mass
f continued long enough this operation
will result in the substitution of silver for all
the gold tiae government owns applicable to its
general purposes, it will not do to rely upon
thi: custom receipts of the government to make
gopd this drain of gold, because of the silver
thus coined having been made a legal tender
for all debts and dues, public ami private. At
times during the last six tnonthis 58 per cent,
ot'the receipts for duties have been in silver or
silver certificates, while the average within that
peniod !ia been 20 per cent. The proportion
of silvtr and its certificates received by the (lov-
erument will probahry increase i tone goes on
for the reason that the nearer the period an
m l . 1 1 a. '
praches wiien it will be obliged t oiler silver!
tin pjiymcnl of its obligations the greater the in-'
ducenieut wHl be to hoard gold against the de
preciation in the value of silver or for the pur
pose of speculating, This hoarding of gold has
Continued in next paper.
The Blair Bill.
Montgomery (Ala.) Dispatch. Pem.
Everybody is familiar with the genial
old fraud Col. Mulberry Sellers, who a lew
years ago "went in for the old flag and an
appropriation, His grandest scheme Was
a great national university for the educa
tion ofthe freedinen, in which he enlisted
all the patriotic and philanthropic states
men at Washington. It was generally sup
posed that he was entirely a product of
Mark Twain's imagination, a gross satire
upon the men and methods of the recon
struction era, but iu truth Col. Sellers is
still a live man at the national capital.
But his big scheme pales into insignificance
by the side of the great fraud known as
the "Blair Bill," which derives its name
from the Christian statesman of New
Hampshire, whose heart bleeds for the poor
illiterates of the South. The general feat
ures of the bill are well known. It pro
vides, in short, for the distribution of the
surplus revenue, something over $100,000,
000 among the States for educational pur
poses, according to the ratio of illiteracy.
A most beneficent gift from the general
government to the Sou t h I bo generous that
it could only have originated in the bosom
of New England manufacturers, whose
whole lives are spent in tearful prayer tor
the moral and intellectual enlightenment
of their poor ignorant southern brethren
and for the protective tariff. In the mean
time who is to foot the bill ? Where does
the surplus come from which it is propos
ed so liberally to bestow upon the poor il
literates? It must come from somewhere,
and it is hardly necessary to say that these
philanthropists have no idea of taking it
out of their own pockets. On the cont-ary,
it is a device to odd to the sums which
they have already filched from the farmers
and laboring men of the country. Before
it can be distributed it must be" collected
by taxation, and though these taxas are so
insidiously laid that the Southern farmers
never know when they are paving them,
they will soon realize that they pay the
piper, if thev will but consider for a mo
ment that iu order to keep up the surplus
they are charged an average o 42 per
cent, additional upon every article which
they use. Ou most articles it is more than
this, on manv it amounts to more than 100
per cent.; and, in fact, the agricultural
South anil West contribute more than
four-fifths to the needless surplus which is
exacted iioni the people, not lor the neces
sary expenses ofthe gov -in in cut, but simp
ly to shut out competition. There ihust be
found some way to disjiose of it aiid the
protectionists have devised the Blair bill as
the most likely to deceive their victims,
first robbing them of their mouev and then
returning a small portion of it with a great
nourish or generosity.
Congress has no right, under the consti
tution, to distribute money foi educational
purposes any more than it has the right to
levy taxes for the sake of protection, and
though we arc not disposed to scrutinize
too critically its power of disposing, at
least until the appropriations between the
sections are somewhat nearer equal, yet
there are legitimate and const it tit ioual
channels enough which these might take
without being wasted iu a scheme of this
kind, unauthorized and extravagant. It is
too late now to discuss the policy of tax
ing one man to educate the children of an
other. But education is
a matter which certainlv does not fall
within the province of the general govern
ment it has too many otlice-holders, it has
assumed too many of the functions of the
State already. Nor, in fact, is there any
prospect of lessening the burden of taxa
tion by the grand gift distribution which
it proposes. Let it leave the money at
home and there will be no need of Federal
aid, which at last would be only what was
left ofthe money paid in taxes by the peo
ple of Alabama after the protected monop
olists and the agents charged with its col-
ectipn and distribution had received the
LIST OF LETTERS.
List of letters remaining in post office
at Salisbury, N. C, for the j week ending
Dec. 5th, 1885.
Luerccia J Alexander John Honbarrier.
J M Dewit Barrier,
E L Benthenly
B H Corder,
J R Daniel.
Laura S Foltz,
J A Falls,
D L Gregory Jr.
S O Hill,
J H Huff,
J W Wright,
M L Li laker,
Culp F Oglesby,
Elh n Rainey,
F C Ritehie,
F C Ritchie,
R A Summerrow,
Worth ft Sheet,
J W West,
Please say advertised when tlio above
letters arc called for.
A. II. BOYDEN, P. M.
m o 1 ,
A VALUABLE MEDICAL TREATISE.
The edition for 1886 ofthe sterling Med
ical Annual, known as Hostetter's Alma
nac, is mm ready, and may be obtained,
free of cost, of druggists and general coun
try dealers in all parts ofthe United States,
Mexico, and indeed in every civilized por
tion of the Western Hemisphere. This
almanac has beer, issued regularly at the
commencement of every year for over one
uTth of a century. It combines, with the
soundest practical ad vice tor the preserva
tion and restoration of health, a large
amount of interesting and amusing light
reading, and the calendar, astronomical
calculations, chronological items, &c, are
prepared with great care, and will be
found entirely accurate. Tlie issue of
Hostetter's Almanac for 1880 will proba
bly le the largest edith n of a medical
work ever published in any country. The
proprietors, Mes3crs Hostettcr ifc Co.r Pitts
burg. Pa., on receipt of a two ant stamp,
will forward a copy by mail toffrrv person
who cannot procure one iu his neighbor
SALE OF LAND.
By virtue ot a decree of the superior Court of
Rowan County, 1 win sell on the iwmitP.
Saturday, ihe Sd day of Janunry. ihh, the follow-
nisf utiiucu iruui, ui lann, oe joining to the estate
of Joan Luckey. deceased, situated in Scotch IrlMi
Township, and bounded and described as roliows
A tract of about one huadred and twenty-seven
acres, adjoining the lands of John W. Turner j t
Moore, and others. Said land win be sold subject
to the Hie estate of the widow, aad the sale win be
confirmed by order of Court, at the amount for
which it is sold :'i ,or
Terms of aale t THddlnjr w ill commence at nss
one-third cash, with a credit on the remaining two
v. ... . . I'purii s ii";:; UuV (IT H..lf
with Interest at elghi per cnt. '
W. A. LL'CKKV.
petmber ,-Vitk' Exlcutr,)r Jo11" buckcy
Ttits powder never varies. A marvel of parity,
strength, ana wtiolesoinenesti. More economical
man tne onunarv Kinds, anu cannot oe sola in
competition with tbe multitude of low test, short
weight, alum or pknspiiale powdera. Sold only In
cans. Ko val Baking I'owvkk Co.. 10C Wall St. N .
IS THE PLACE !
Ever Gathered Together !
CHRISTMAS GOODS OF ALL
Einds For Everybody !
FRENCH and DO ETC STIC CANDIES.
FRUITS ! Okakoks, Lemons Pine Ar-
PLKS, IJanannas. A tpi.ks, Gocoanuts.
Raisins, Gjjrkvnts, Am. Kinds of Nets.
Pkesehvkb Fi5t:iTs,fc EikANf I'icklus.
Buy TLlo Host !
DOMESTIC CAKES BAKET) EKES If
every day during the holidays.
All kinds ot POLLS and doll fuiuiturc, doll
baby Cariles, ::. J
China Toys nfid Man tg' Ornament si-larfjest and
cheapest stock ever displayedihere.
Decorations and Supplies of all softa and kinds for
Cups, Saucer.-, and Glass Ware I
of all kinds at low prices. Watches. Clocks, etc.
and other musical
Instruments, Walking Canes,
nobby Horses, Rocking Horses. Sbbo
Fly Horses, and everything else that Santa
Remember that the Largest and Cheapest
Mock of holiday goods in town and the
place for bargains now is at
ofthe Clerk of the Board of Conjniissiohers
for the County ot Rowan, to the nrst Mon
day in December. A. D. 1885. I
Amounts and items audited bv the
Board to t-hc members thereof :
Thomas . I. Sumner, per diem, $24,00
" 7 days extra services, 14j00
" " mileage. 10.00
U. r. linker, per them.
" " 5 days extra services,
W. L. Kluttz, per diem,
44 ' H davs extra services.
L. W. Coleman, per diem,
J. S. 3fcCubbins, iierdicm.
44 44 1 day extra Pei viccs.
J. O. Fleming, per diem,
44 44 mileage,
H. N. Woodson, Clerk, per diem,
j Total, , 5 220.70
Distances traveled by the mcilcrs ofthe
Board in attenling "the sessions of the
Thomas J. Sumner, 200 miiles.
L. W. Coleman, 2401
J. G. Fleming, 54:
Horatio N. Woonaprx, Clerk.
Nov. 30, 1885. 4t
Draw or Paint ?
Then send to EUGENE L. HARniS &
CO., Italeigh. N. C. for Price list of Aetist'
materials. They keep everything needed
and H ill fill your order by mail or caprtss
promptly. Portraits in" Crwon and Oil.
Oil Landscapes, Westtru N. 0. Sceneiy,
B. R. CRAWFORD'3 BUILDING,
SALISBURY, N. C,,
Wfil be opened on the first of December tert
with a variety oi Roods, consist intr of 6
('ennnn Canary Birds,
Ctll lungers) Parrot Para-,
qm" ts, and other birds. Bird Cages,
Bird seeds arid Kood for Mocking Hints
A full assortment of Fancy Groceries, Canned
Menus, Fishes and Fruits, aiso Buck-'
wheats. llomly, Mucaroni,
crits, Kfce, Fari
and Roasted Coffee.
: common and rancy
-Imported Swiss Cheese WW'
ann Wooden Ware.
A very large asftortmea.t of finest aad common
NUTS, RAISINS, SKKDLES8 SULTANA, CITRON
ORANGES. LEMONS ANJ
BA N ANN AS.
Real assortment of Tea and Fancy fresh
and Crackers, which will be received weekly
Common and Fancy s
and GlasBwaro, Lamps and Lamp Goodaoae ctii
Complete assort meat of Fancy Goods and
, ' . Ornaments:
TOYS anfl Christmas-Tree Gflofis,
SNUFF AND TOBAC
CO In the greatest variety.
Please give me a calL
MH8HSY I Bid
GREAT STOCK OF
comprising the greatest, most varied, most tastv
most useful, as well as economical, stock of Goods
EVER OFFERED IN SALISBURY!
SIMPLY IMMENSE !
REAP PARTIAL LIST:
Tricots, Flannels, Ladies' Cloths. Casstmeres
Plaid Suitings, Pcbarges, Alpaccaa, jSILES, .
Satins, Velvets, Velveteens, (in all stiades).
Feather and-Fur Triiamlngs, Woolen Lares.
Hercules Braid and Buttons, In immense variety.
Handkerchiefs and Cloves, in large variety
CLOAKS, ULSTERS, JACKETS, NEW MARKETS,
RUSSIAN CIRCULARS, CLOAKINGJ
and a magninceht line of JERSEYS; Shawls, "Nu
bias, Hoods, Knit Tickets, Short Wrapa, Zephyrs.
- KC., &C. "
Nojklns, Towels, Table Linen.
QUILTS, COMFORTS, BLANKETS
j Lrjdb-s and Children's Underwear:
COKSHTS, woven and otherwise; HO.iERY, full
an!feinplcxe Une, Including special fine of
BIBBEii nosfiiiy-fln ever seen here.
Full line of tientlemen's Underwear & furnlslilngs
Don't fall to see them HATS, Caps, Boots A Shoes.
Full, New, Fresh, and superior line of Standard
Oroct Tics same price others sell old goods for.
WohI and W illow Wear, Trunks and Vallces.
Agents for AM-EltlCAN and 8T. JOHN Sewtag Ma
chines the most reliable on the market. '
A splendid and varied assortment of the I
left over from last winter, will be sold ELOW
COST, to make room. These Goods are in per
fect condition, and are asservlceable as any goods.
f?"Look tor the.BAROAIN cocntkk.
Also, a lot of HATS and SllOBK, carrle oyer from
labt winter, at a bargain below cost.
f?"wh n you want anything that should be ,
tar-kept In a llirt-ciass store, come to us for It. mt
WWc prriKsc to meet and satisfy the dc- tt
tSmantui of customers. Come and see us.i
MKRONEY tL BRU.
Salisbury. Oct. 15.1SS5. &2:3ia
Ascxccutor of the last will and testament
of J. II. Gibson dee'd I will c.xisc to pub
lic sale for cash on -Wednesday the lltli
day .of November lsS.'i, the following arti
cles of personal property, to wit i
One lot ot corn, one lot of wheat, one
wagon, and other property,
JAS. C. GIBSON, Exect'r.
Oct. 22, 1885. 3 w. "
for working people. Send lo cents post -tige,
and v c win mail you , a myal.
valuable sample box of gooils thut will
put you in the way of ma Mm: more mtfi-
ej la "lewuaystuauAOUeverthoughlpossitileat
any business. Capital not require. You can llvat
home and work In spare Umeonly, or all the time. All
of both sex. of all ages, grandly successful. Wciftj
to 5 easily ea--iii;d every evening Tliat all who
want work may tet.thr business, we make 1 ins un "
parallclerotrer:To all who are not well satisfied;
we will send $1 to pay for the trouble of wmingTrt- j
Full particulars, direct tons, etc., sent Tree. Immense',
pay absolutely sure for all who start at once. Pont
delay. Address stinhon & Co., Portland, Maine.
Nov 2T,'8L ly f j: J j ; :
To SuiiscKiBERis. Uemember that
Mr. Jas. H. McKenzie, is regularly en-
gjij;tt jus g?ner;ti cunviissuig ana col
lecting Agent for the Watchman, aiul
he will call 011 all delinquent suhscri
Ixts, Be reatly to raect liim. i h;
Watchman hais been -over indulgent
with sul)scrilx?rs and a reform' is neett-s-ary.
It is due both sulxscribers and
1 lie Proprietor that old sc.irtvs tr si ttlel
t 1 i . t