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THURSDAY, DEC. 24, 1885.
Taxes High vt Low.
We suppoafc there 1s noc a tax-paying
community Ota the globe which pays its
iiGiwimrn'' iiwr public purposes without
more or less complaining, Aa a general
Tuler people wmrld pay their dues without
grumbling, bat there are always a few
tight-fisted individuals who grunt, arid
squ1frit,afid make fuss enough to attract
the attention of others, and soon the
hatr part, ignorant of the real facts in
he case, begin also to squirm, and grunt,
and complain, and thus the community is
afflicted with the spirit of discontent and
(he fear of oppression. Such is the case
tn pditkof Rowan at present, and it is
wholly without cause. The taxes this
yr are higher than last year, it is true ;
but there are two first-rate reasons for it.
Tbers was no State tax levied last year,
ut State expenses were paid out pf the
teener received from the sale of the
Western North Carolina Railroad. About
Six hundred thousand dollars was in that
way left in the pockets of tax-payers.
Such a thing never happened before and
may never happen again. That accounts
fe the tow taxes of last year. We have
rib more railroads to sell, and so it comes
to pass that the people' of the State are
required to pay just as they did in 1882,
1883, and years before.
The taxes are only ten cents higher this
year than in 1883, and that happens in the
providence of God, by the destruction of
a large number of bridges by the high
waters in June last. These had to be re
beitt, and it necessarily created an ex
traordinary demand on the- county. In
Edition to this, a building is to be erect
ed at the Poor House, and there are also
m few other items of unusual outlay. In
view of these things, the Magistrates of
the county raised the taxes the enormous
sum of ten cents more than usual on the
poll not a cent more on property that,
and no more. We have looked into this
matter and know whereof we speak. The
complaints alluded to are made by those
who are only guessing rat the facts per
sons who really have not taken the pains
to examine into the subject.
We have heard of only one tax-payer
who took the trouble to search the rec
ortK He went at it with his fingers
fairly twitching with pain for having paid
an enormous tax! Surely something
must be wrong, he thought. The Sheriff
arid Register would not dispute the mut
ter, but they brought out the old tax
books and the old tax returns, and traced
out the facts from year to year, when lo !
it was found that the taxes had not been
raised on this man, but that the variations
were wholly due to the variations in the
amount of property returned in the seve
ral years 33 cents only at that.
We. are prepared to give figures in sub
stantiation of the above statements should
it be required, but shall not do so at
We will add but ope other fact, and
that is a rather remarkable one : North
Carolina collects a smaller tax than any
Other Southern State but onc, and there
are only .three or four States in the Union
where the people are so lightly taxed.
There is at least a crumb of comfort in
this, ami It is offered for the relief of
those whose minds are burdened with the
dread of. a few cents more tax than they
Freight Trains Collide,
reached here on last Tuesday
torning of the collision of two freight
trains on the Western road. The acci
dent was one of the most frightful whieh
has ever occurred on that road, and
; resulted in the death of three persons.
The Charlotte Observer says,:
kxa official of the Western North Car
oltna Railroad Company gives us the
.Jlpwing particulars of the collision :
5 '('TW freight trains. Nos. 5 and col lid -
miles east of Old Fort at 2:45
a. m. The cause of the Accident
- a miscalculation of time on the part
if conductor Drake and engineer Perkins
Tf train So. 4. Marion was the -regular
meeting point of these two trains, and
conductor Trot t and engineer Jack Ed
wavds running No. 5 arrived at Marion
on time, and after waiting their delayed
time for No. 6 proceeded on their rights,
" and When in 4 miles of Old Fort met No. 6.
Conductor Drake's watch had stopped
and was wrong, but engineer Perkins had
; ' compared his watch a few minutes be
fore leaving Old Fort and he and his
Aretaan both had standard time. Engin
eer Perkins and his fireman, Jim O'Neal,
weae killed on their
. . w 'o ev m cmau
k Melntoah, jumped and was killed
- Piai concussion. Engineer Edwards
was slightly hurt. The track was cleared
by 12 o-
, the rules
clock, and trains movine under
rules. Conductor Drake and engin
eer Perkins had lost their right to the
ran. ine accident is a deplorable one,
uu u wuuucior urake and engineer
j-wiuns ana nreman O'Neal were all
sober and reliable men, their action is un
accountable by all who knew them."
The Eads Ship Railway.
Senator Vest has introduced a. hill
the United States Senate to incorporate
and foster Eads much talked of ship
railroad across the Isthmus of Panama.
With the present-lights before us, we are
pleased to see this ; and in view of the
important and growing commercial inter
WP of our country in the Pacific, we
. .nop6 congress will extend to the enter-
prise tne aid necessary to give it success
rfle subject has been thoroughly investi-
- wed ny competent engineers and scien
1 ' tUta men, who have rieported favorably on
The latest news from Spain is that ja
conspiracy to establish a republic has
heeo discovered at Terragona.
Turned into a Golden Opbir.
Th Staiife Obtervcr in commenting on
'ike -recent meeting of the Upper Division
of the Yadkin Valley Railroad Company,
has this to say :
"We wonder where the Lower Division
will meet again , and when ? It does seem
that our citizens are content with very
few enterprising schemes. Every think
ing man among us admits that Stanly can
never be fully developed without a rail
road and industrial factories, and yet not
a company can be formed, nor a step
taken to bring about the desired result.
It argues one of two things, that we have
little money or still less enterprise.
With a little energy in the right direc
ting accompanied by a little capital,
KtAiilv could be turned into a kind of
Eden or golden Ophir in a few years.
But alas, alas, we like too well to follow
in the old beaten track of our ancestors,
and plod along while the enterprising car
of our sister counties goes whistling by.
Two railroad schemes are presented to us,
and it appears that we will not accept
either horn out of the dilemma,"
So far as the Salisbury horn of your di
lemma is concerned, you nave some
reason to be hopeful. There are several
live and public-spirited men here who
are on the lookout for the opportune time
to snrintr this scheme. They have the
M n - "
matter at heart, and so soon as the condi
turns requisite are apparent, they will
work with might and main to secure the
desired railroad. There are many reasons
whv the line should be built, and the
co-operation of Salisbury may be depend
At Houghton Farm, a dairy establish
inent, great pains are taken to keep the
milk and the cream for churning at sixty-
two degrees, in winter, as at that temper
ature experience has shown a larger yield
of butter than at a higher temperature
This is mentioned as a well settled fact,
not to be varied from without loss. A
few degrees higher or lower, most butter
makers are apt to think, will make no
difference ; but those who are incredu
lous can easily test the question for them
serves. Fiftv-five degrees are set for
suinmcr churning. Try it. The best re
sults are only attainable by best atten
tion to the feeding and comfort of the
cows. None but good milkers should be
kept, except for beef.
A committee appointed at the last ses
sion of Congress to inquire into the steel
producing capacity of the manufactories
of our country, with reference to army
and navy purposes, have their report
about ready to submit to Congress ; and
it appears a most thorough and exhaust
ive investigation of the subject has brouhgt
out the gratifying fact that the United
States have not only no occasion to go
abroad for steel, but that we can beat all
the foreign producers in both quality and
One Jennie - C. Harris at Wheeling,
West Va., brought suit against W. E.
Pickett for the-support of her child. It
was the occasion of bitter denunciations
of Pickett, who denied the responsibility.
The woman was required to produce the
baby in Court ; and not having one of her
own as she claimed, she borrowed a baby
from a German woman and brought it
into Court. Tho fraud was discovered
and Pickett acquitted by the jury without
leaving the box. Jennie has disappeared
and it is thought has drowned herself.
The richest man in the world, the late
Wm. H. Vanderbilt, died of apoplexy,
without a moment's warning, without a
parting word or groan. A similar deathd
happened in our Courthouse a good many
years ago to a juror in the jury box, a
man named Barber. The Judge on the
Bench was the first to notice the man
slowly falling forward, and summoned
the Sheriff to him. But he was gone be
fore any one could reach him. He was
taken out and .laid on the counter of the
store at the Mansion Hotel corner. Phy
sicians called in bled him in the large
vein of the neck : lut it was of no use
he never showed any sign of returning
Ferd. Ward, of the late banking firm of
Grant & Ward, now in the penitentiary,
seems inclined to turn on the Grants-
Buck, JTred, and the old General. The
N. Y. Herald publishes an interview held
with him. in which it comes out that
Fred borrowed the securities (bonds) of
the bank, raised money on them and loan
ed this money to the bank at the rate of
20 per centper month; and the old gen
eral put in $141,000 and drew out $242,000;
and much more of a like nature. Ward
may yet let out facts enough to solve
some of the mysteries feonneefed with
this remarkable banking company.
Jacksonville, Fla., sustained a loss bv
fire, Dec. 17th, of about $450,000 Tt
broke out in Hubbard's warehouse, on
the dock, and spread to the Abell block.
Hubbard's toss alone is estimated at $130
000.f Theee were $350,000 insurance on
vne pronertv destmvfxl srAMi
were lost by falling walls.
Andrew Jackson, colored, perpetrator
of a horrible crime at Point Pacific, Tex.
Friday week,? was pursued, tracked by
uiwu uounos ior a hours, and finally run
up a tree and captured. The dogs never
nmerea out Kept the trail, though it led
a nines through water.
Sherman Hayes, colored, of Sampson
county, feloniously assaulted a lady whom
nc met traveling in the public road near
Clear Run, in that county, a few days
ago; but the cries of the lady brought to
her assistance colored people who hap
pened to hear her, and he escaped, for
the time, but has since been arrested and
Seventeen persons in New York who
ate of a dish of ham salad on Thntc
giving day, are suffering from trichinosis.
( oome ounem are very low and are not
'expected to recover.
Thanks t HonJohta'S. Henderson for
public documents sent to this Office. By-the-way,
it is gsatifying to learn that our
representative has been allotted a high
stand among members of Congress, as a
zealous, intelligent, and hard working
The Charlotte Observer gives the details
of a professional burglary m that city
between one oclock and day, on hist Sat
urday morning. Burglars entered the
residence of Thomas A. Allison, chloro
formed the sleeping family, and secured
about $275, a lot of jewelry, and clothing.
Rather bold this m view of the very re
cent execution of two housebreakers in
Dec. 22d was made notable by fire at
Georgetown, S. C, loss $12,000 ; at .Wad
dell's gin house, S.C.,in which a man was
lost in a press box ; at Hogansville, Ga.,
heavy loss and no insurance ; at Shelby
ville, Tenn., the business part of the town
was destroyed ; at Vincennes, Ind., heavy
loss and great excitement for business
part of the city, which narrowly escaped.
Prof. W. F. Warren, president of Bos
ton University, has published a book de
signed to show that Paradise, the exact
location of which is lost, though generally
believed to have been on the banks pf the
Euphrates, really was in the north polar
region. His presentation ot iacts in sup
port of this belief, spoken of as very
interestiner. and the book as one of the
most remarkable yet given to the public
on the subject.
The presidential succession bill known
as the Hoar bill has passed the Senate
This provides that a vacancy occurring
in the presidential chair shall be filled by
succession, first of the Secretary of State,
and in case of his death, by other mem
bers of the Cabinet.
A bill has been presented in the House
which provides that the electors of Presi
dent and Vice President shall be called
in to fill any vacancy that may occur. It
will probabbly elicit considerable debate
in the House before the question is final
One of the oldest papers in Virginia,
the Richmond Whig, has been recently
suspended by an order of Court and a re
ceiver appointed to close it out, for debt.
And this is announced as the result of too
much Mahoneism. The Whig fought Ma
hone's battles for a long time, but has
realized at last that it didn't pay the
The Bepublicans in Congress are not a
unit on the President's nominations, one
faction being in favor of opposing all ex
cept those conspicuously good ; while
another favors the plan of considering
each case upon its merits.
It fe now very generally admitted on all
hands that the President is doing what
he believes to be right, and he cheerfully
submits his appointments to the ordeal of
Senator Beck, of Kentucky, made an
attack on President Cleveland's financial
policy Tuesday, particularly that in re
gard, to the silver question. The speech
created quite a sensation both in and out
of the Senate chamber. More of it here
after. A Roman Catholic priest at East Du
buque, 111., didn't want to be bothered by
a constable who went to collect a debt,
and locked him up in his house. After
the release of the officer, the priest locked
himself in and defied the constable.
N. M. Thayer, Esq., of Eldorado, Mont
gomery county, Avas here last week. He
has bought an interest in the Henderson
mine (in Montgomery) and reports min
ing active generally in that district.
After seeing John Sherman's picture in
the Charlotte Observer today, we more
than ever incline to the opinion that he
is capable of doing anything mean or vi
cious. The entombed miners near Wilkesbarre
Pa., are believed to be dead choked to
rioath hv hl'wlr damn anrl rw ml tl.n
they are entombed forever. The owners
of themine have, however, put in a large
foree tdwork down to and recover the
bodies, which, it is thought may be done
in a month.
A woman in West Virginia locked up
in her house an infant of one year and a
little girl of four, and went to a store near
by. The house caught fire and the two
children were lost.
The Clay Eaters.
AN EXPLANATION OF THE PECULIAR NORTH
It has been a matter of speculation for
years as to why the "poor white trash" of
Central North Carolina ate the clay that is
iouqu in that part ot the country. It re
mained for a Philadelphia physician to
solve the mystery. A short time ago Dr.
Frank H. Oetchell, of 1432 Spruce street,
went on a gunning expedition to North
Carolina. His quest for game led bim into
the wild country back of Salisbury, which
is inhabited for the most part by a misera
ble race of beings with only just enongh
energy to eke out a wretched existence.
These creatures are nearly all veritable liv
ing skeletons and, with tew exceptions, are
guaiciea 10 ine naoit oi ciay eating.
While shooting wild turkey and other
game in this wild region, Dr. Getchell made
an incidental study of this peculiar habit
of vice among the inhabitants. It is a moun
tainous country and in the spring little
rivulets start out from the cabs of snow on
the mountains and, as the days crow warm-
U.1 1 . . l i . . i
er, ine nine nvuieis oecome torrents and
great washouts are made along the moun
The soil is of a heavy, clayey nature, but
t'.ere are strata of cay thit a-e heavier than
the rest, and when the water rushes down
this clay is formed into little pellets and
rolls and accumulates in heaps in th val
ley. These little pellets and rolls are what
the clay eaters devour with as much avidi
ty as a toper swallows a glass of whisky.
EVERYBODY EATS CLAY THERF.
Among the poor people of this section,"
said Dr. Getchell the other day, "ti e habit
ot eating clay is almost universal. Even
little toddlers are confirmed in the habit
and the appetite seems to increase with
time. While investigating the matter 1
entered a cabin occupied by one of these
poor families and saw a little chap tied by
the ankle to the leg ofa table, on which
was placed a big dish of bread and meat
and potatoes within easy reach. The child
was kicking and crying, and I asked his
mother why she had tied him up. She re
plied that she wanted him to eat some
food before he weut out to the clay and he
refused to do so. The woman confessed
that she ate the clay herself, but explained
that the child's health demanded that it
eat some substantial food before eating any
earth. Almost everyone I met in this sec
tion was addicted to this habit. They
were all very thin, but their flesh se'jmed
to be puffed out. This was particularly
noticuable about the eyes, which had a
sort of reddish hue.
AR8ENIC IN THE CI. AY.
"All of the clay eaters were excessively
lazy and indolent, and all these conditions
combined led me to the conclusion that
there must be some sepative or stimulating
qualities, or both, in the clay, and I deter
mined to hnU out whether there was or
not. I consequently brought a lot of clay
home with me and Professor Tiernan and
.myself made an analysis of the stuff and
discovered that, instead of clay eaters, the
inhabitants of Central North Carolina
should more properly be called arsenic
eaters. All of this clay contains are6enic.
but exactly in what proportion we have
not yet discovered. Arsenic eating i9 com
mon in many parts of the world and is
practiced to a greateror less extantthrough
out the world. It acts as sedative and also
as a stimulant. The mountaineers of Sty
ria, Austria, are habitual arsenic eaters.
They give as their reason for eating it that
they are better able to climp the moun
tains after eating the poison, and their ex
planatioq is a perfectly reasonable one, as
arsenic acts as a sedative to the heart's
action. The habit U also prevalent in the
lyroi and the Alps.
TO MAKE GIRLS' EYES BRIGHT.
"It is also said! thit the peasant girls of
Switzerland and.parts ot Germany and in
Scandinavia cat arsenic to give lustre to
their eyes and color to their cheeks, but
this is a matter I have not 'investigated. It
has been shown that arsenic or arsenical
fumes are a sure cure for intermittent
tever. The inhabitants of a section of
Cornwall, England, at one time all suffered
with this type of fever, but when the cop
per works were established the fever'dis
appeared This was accounted for bv the
arsenical fumes created in the treatment of
copper. As to whether arsenic eating
shortens life I am not yet prepared to say,
but I intend investigating the matter thor
oughly." The above is a lie out of ithe whole
cloth. It is from the pen of some idle
brained Philadelphia sportsman, and
while it can do no harm to the people of
this State to have such wanton lies writ
ten about them, yet it does have an effect.
The effect is against the northern sports
men. They are trying to make arrange
ments to have their gun clubs come to
this neighborhood for the purpose of
shooting quail. The people very naturally
will refuse them this privilege, for fear
more "rot" may be fed to the northern
reader from the spoon-shaped pen of one
of these "la-de-da" sportsmen.
This is about all that will result from
the foregoing, or any other form of lying
that may be indulged. The effect recoils
on those who seek pleasure here, and not
on the slandered people.
i ' Washington Letter.
From Our Regular Correspondent.
Washington, Dec. 22, 1885.
Oratory has free play during the
week at both ends of the Capitol, llules in
the House of Representatives and
Whiskey or Temperance in the Senate,
have given to the proceedings of those
uqaies some unexpected touches ot color.
The House is still talking about a thanse
of its rules, with little prospect of an earlv
conclusion ol tiie subject. In this debate
as in all others the old evil of tireless talk
is painfully prominent. The tendency of
Congressmen to indulgence in excessive
speech-making is a serious impediment to
business. It is more serious than any of
the abuses that were tolerated under the
od rules, or that will be eliminated by the
The main issue now is a distribution of
the power of inakiug appropriations among
eight committees, which power is now con
fiped to three. Mr. Randall, the chairman,
of the general Appropriations Committee,
is opposed to this plan and has some strong
tol lowers on both the Democratic and Re-
Kublican tides of the House. Representative
orrison ot Illinois leads the opposition
and also has a strong following.
I he battle has been sharp, the galleries
have listened with much interest, and the
distinguished r'ennsylviaman has been
fiercely attacked and has resented some
personal remarks in a very able and dig
nified mauner. In reply to a thrus-t made bv a
member from West Va. Mr. Randall denied
the allegation and said that he did not
deal in personalities in the House. If any
one wanted to deal with him personally
he ought not to do it there.
The Democrats who oppose a distribution
of the Appropriations bills do so principal
ly upon the ground that it will loosen the
purse strings of the Treasury and present
an opportunity for needless extravagant e
which will be charged upon the party. Mr.
Hammond, ot Ga., who is in sympathy with
Mr. Randall in antagonism to the distri
bution pf bills made same forcible argu
ments against it. He touched upon the
Tariff question and declared that every at
tempt made by the Democratic party to
revive the tariff had been lollowed by a
Democratic victory at the polls. "Morrison,"
he excljamed, "was Chairman of the Ways
and Means Committee when Tilden was
elected President." The Democrats laugh
ed and applauded. Mr.Hammond said some
thing about being afraid to try this exper
iment of scattering appropriation bills since
the Democratic party had been posing for
years as the party of reform, as the party of
economy. A Republican member suggest
ed that posing was good. uYes," said Mr.
Hammond, "and the country has been look
ing at bur posture, and learning to admiie
j'I T i l . t
us untu nas driven you out oi power."
Speaker Carlisle has not yet completed
the formation of a single one of his stand
ing committees. He is waiting on a revis
ion of j the rules. It is his desire to pro
mote as close intimacy as possible between
the majority in the House and the Admin
istration. He has consulted Cabinet of
ficers, with a view to selecting men with
whom they must come in contact, who
frill be personally agreeable to them, so
that the party policy may be carried out
wuuHut inction. ror instance, jnr. .Bayard
has been conferred with as to the make
up of the Committee on Foreign affairs,
par. Whitney as to the Naval Committee
and so on, though the Cabinet has not urged
or suggested the assignment of particular
men to particular places. Speaker Car
lisle is so judicial, so fair, and so superior
to taking a party advantage in- the admin
istration of his duties that his political
enemies even can find no canse of com
plaint. The Senate has passed the Presidential
succession bill, and also the bill removing
the disabilities of Gen. Lawton w hic'h
never existed. Gen Lawton is here now and
when the President signs the bill, it is
thought he will appoint the General to the
vacant Vienna Mission. The Succession
bill gives the Presidency to the Cabinet in
case of the removal or death of both the
President and Vice-President.
Preparations for the Holiday shold the at
tintion of almost everybody in Washington.
Congress is taking a recess, and soc iety is
forgotten for the time, in anticipation oi
the gatherings around each fireside.
President Cleveland will inaugurate a
much needed reform at the White House
by making early hours fashionable. His
levees are to begin at eight instead Of nine
O'clock in the evening, as heretofore. State
dinners are to be served at seven P. M.,and
New Year's day receptions are to begin at
ten o'clock in the morning, although eleven
would suit most of those in official life'
The President devoted considerable time
during the week to signing his name to
lists of nominations to be sent to the Sen
ate. All of his recess nominations have
been sent in now, and they number about
twelve hundred. On going into his office
a few mornings since and seeing an ava
lanche of papers on his desk, he exclaimed,
' Great heavens! Have I made all those ap
pointments?" The President went to a pho
tograph gallery during the week mid sat
for Iris picture, in a group with his Cabinet
officers. He also took time to dine with
Secretaiy Bayard on Wednesday evening.
The week was a busy one in Congress.
The Senate debated and passed the Presi
dential succession bill, talked about pro
hibiting the sale of liquors in the 8enate
restaurant, which it did not do. discussed
kota s late action in electing State Sen-
ors, received bills, and acted upon some
minor questions. Both Houses passed the
bill granting a pension of $5,000 a year to
airs. Grant. In the Senate it passed unan
imously, in the House there was one vote
against it, that of Representative Pierce, of
The House spent mast of the week in
discussing a change of rules, and decided
by a vote of 226 to 70 to adopt the new
Morrison code in relation to distributing
the appropriation bills among the differ
ent committees. Mr. Randall being so
badly beaten, politicians are wondering
now what ho will do. Will he or not ac
cept again the chairmanship of the Com
mittee, shorn of so much of its authority
which he fought earnestly to retain.
The action of the House in revising the
rules has started a fresh speculation con
cerning committee chairmanships. The
make-up of committees will be greatly af
fected by the new rules, and Speaker
Carlisle has not been able to consider the
matter deliuitelv on account of the un
certainty that has prevailed in regard to
the change. He will arrange this trouble
some part of las duties during the holi
days and be able to announce the stand
ing committees when the House meets
again on the fifth of January. The Pres
idential succession bill, which the Senate
passed, will be taken up by the House
immediately after the recess. There will
be opposition to it from members of both
parties, and several substitutes will.be
offered, among them a plan by Mr. Ran
dall, and another by Representative Dip
pie, of South Carolina.
Up to this time the Senate has not
acted on any of the President's nomina
tions sent to it since the present session
opened. Western Senators have been
receiving large numbers of letters urging
thcin to oppose the confirmation of Com
missioner Sparks of the Land office, be
cause of his recent rulings against the
land thieves. Mr. Sparks was confirmed
during the extra session last spring.
Senators Sherman and Logan both made
the blunder of not knowing this in
writing to their constituents.
The Old World.
MICHAEL DAVITT OX (iLADSTONE A HOR
RIBLE MINE ACCIDENT.
London, Dec. 23. Michael Davit t, in
an interview today respecting home rule
for Ireland, said : "Ihe alleged proposals
of Mr. Gladstone recently published, are.
a good basis for the settlement of the
Irish question. I advocate Daniel O'Con
nell's plan for minority representation in
the Irish parliament. I would give 75
seats to the Loyalists and 22o to the Par-
nclits. The police should be disarmed.
Irish landlordism would 4e impossible
under an Irish parliament.
FOUR HUNDRED MINERS ENTOMBED.
A dispatch from Point Y Pridd. iu
Wales, reports that a terrible explosion
has just occurred at rerdale pit, near
there, and that four hundred miners are
entombed. Iso details of the catastrophe
have as yet been received.
A later dispatch savs that 12 dead
bodies have been taken out of Ferndale
mine and 30 miners have been rescued
more or less injured. The remainder of
those who were in the mine at the time
of the explosion arc believed to be safe.
Tn Western "North Carolina tho mil.
ronds inn nvw n. rnnrllipd nf tivn mitaa
of beautiful variegated marble in Chero
Congress has as yet done little more
than preparation work. We expect some
thing of importance after the holidays.
A VALUABLE MEDICAL TREATISE.
The edition for 1886 of the sterling Med
ical Annual, known as Hostetter's Alma
nac, is now ready, and may be obtained,
free of cost, of druggists and general coun
try dealers in all parts of the United States,
Mexico, and indeed in every civilized por
tion of -the Western Hemisphere. This
almanac has been issued regularly at the
commencement of every year for over one
fifth of a century. It combines, with the
soundest practical advice tor the preserva
tion and restoration of health, a large
amount of interesting and amusing light
reading, and the calendar, astronomical
calculations, chronological items, &c, are
prepared with great care, and will be
found entirely accurate. The issue of
Hostetter's Almanac tor 1886 will proba-
11V Jt m
uiy oe uie largest eaiticn ot a medical
worn ever published in any country. The
proprietors, 31essers Hostetter & Co.. Pitts
burg. Pa., ou receipt of a two cent stamp,
will forward a copy by mail to any person
who cannot procure one in his neighbor
Having qualified as AdministrfttH-r
the estate of W. A. McCorkle, dee'd
uv,uj mwm.j an pcrsoas navmg claims
"o - " p'racui mem to me
for payment on or before the 17th dav of
December. IRftfi nr . ,
r;; . a ""uce win oe
pieau in oar or tneir recovery.
I iraKHt' A. McCorki.e. Adni'x
a new. . xviuiiz, an y. UiX. 17. IHHT, jj
A bsol utely P u re.
This powder never varies. A marvel of purity,
strength, and wholesomeness. More economical
than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold tn
competition with the multitude of low test, abort
weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold only In
cans. Hoyal Baking Towder Co., 106 Wall st. N .
IS THE PLACE !
Ever Gathered Together ! f
CHRISTMAS GOODS OF ALL
Einds For Everybody ! f
FRENCH and DOMESTIC CANDIES.
FRUITS ! Orakobs, Lemons, Piwe Ap
ples, Banannas, Appi.es, Cocoanuts,
Raisins, Currants, Am. Kinds of Nuts,
Preserved Fruits, & Ei.eoant Pkkles.
Buy Tho Best 1
DOMESTIC CAKES RAKED FRESH
every day during the holidays.
- All kinds of DOLLS and doll furniture, doll
baby Curringes, &c.
CMna Toys and Mantel Ornaments largest and
cheapest stock ever displayed here.
Decorations and Supplies of all sorts and kinds for
Cups, Saucers and (Uass Ware !
of all kinds at low prices. Watches, Clocks, etc.
and other musical
Instruments, Walking canes.
Hobby Horses, Rocking Horses, Shoo
Fly Horses, and everything else that Santo
Claus needs. i
Remember that the Largest and Cheapest
sivck uj noiiuay gooas in town arm the
place for bargains note is at
of the Clerk of the Board of Commissioner
for the County of Rowan, to the hfst Mon
day in Leceniler, A. I). 1885.
Amounts and items audited i bv the.
Board to the members thereof:
Thomas J. Sumner, per diem, $24,00
" 7 clays extra services, 14,00
" " " mileaee. 10 00
C. F. Baker, per diem, 28 00
" 5 davs extra services. 10 00
W. L. Kluttz, per diem, 28,00
" 5 davs extra services. 10OO
L. W. Coleman, per diem, 24,00
" " mileage. i9nn
J. S. McCubbins, per diem, 24,00
T - 1 ay extra services, 2,00
J. G. Fleming, per diem, 4,00
,M u - mileage, 2 70
H. N. Woodson, Clerk, per diem, 28'oO
Distances traveled bv the members nf th
Board in attending the sessions of the
Thomas J. Snmner, 200 j miles.
L. W. Coleman, 240 "
J. G. Fleming, 54 "
Horatio N. Woodson, Clerk.
Nov. 30, 1885. 4t
Then send to EUGENE L. HARRIS &
CO., Raleigh, N. C. for Price list of Artist'
materials. They keep everything needed
and will fill your order by mall or express
promptly. Portraits in Cravon and Oil.
Oil Landscapes, Western N. C. Scenery.
R. R. CRAWFORD'S BUILDlHGj.
8ALI8BURT. If. C
Will be opened on the first of DeccmheF iwL.
with a variety of goods, consisting ol Dxt
German Canary Birds,
all singers) Parrots, Para
qultts, and other birds. Bird Cam
Bird seeds ami Food tor Mocking Rtnfci i
also. Goldfishes. :
A full assortment of Fancy Groceries, Can
Meats, Fishes and Fruits, also Buck-
wheat, , Hominy, Macaroni.
Grits. Bice. Fan- .
. " na, and - J -
sand Roasted Coffee. :
Common and Fafocy
ImporteB Swiss Cheese!0
ann Wooden Ware. !
A very large assortment of 11 nest and comaoii
NUTS, RAISINS, SEBDLES8 STJLTASA, CITRON
ORANGE?, LEMOX8, AND ' '
Real assortment of Tea and Fancy fresh
and Crackers, which win be received weeklr
Common and Fancy
and Glassware, Lamps and Lamp Goods, fine Chu
, . goods.
Complete assortment of Fancy Goods and
TOYS aafl Christmas-Tree Gills,
SNT7FF AND TOBAC
CO in the greatest variety.
Please give me a call.
GREAT STOCK OF
Comprising the greatest, most varted, most tasty
most useful, as well as economical, stock Of Good
EVER OFFERED IN SALISBURY!
SIMPLY IMMENSE !-!
READ PARTIAL LIST: '
Tricots, Flannels, Ladles' Cloths. Casslmerea, j
Plaid Suitings, Debarges, Alpaccas, fSILS, j
Satins, Velvets, Velveteens, (ln-HUl shades),
Feather and Fur Trimmings, Woolen: Laces.
Hercules Braid and Buttons, In immense variety,
Handkerchiefs and Gloves, in largo variety.
CLOAKS, ULSTERS, JACKETS, NEW ARRETS,
RCSSfAN CIRCULARS, CLOAKING,
and a magnificent line of JERSEYS; Shawls, Nu
bias, Uodfls, Knit Jackets, Short WrapsL Zephyrs,
Napkins, Towels, Table uien,
QUILTS, COMFORTS, BLANKETS
Ladles and Children's Underwear:
CORSETS, woven and otherwise ; HOaERY, full
and complete line, including spectaillne of
RIBBED HOSERY-JQjcLO ever seen here.
Full line of Gentlemen's Underwear & furnishings;
Dont fall to see them n ATS, Caps, Boots t Shoes.
Full, New, Fresh, and superior lineiof Standard
Groceries same price others sell old goods for
Wood and WlUow Wear, Trunks and Vallccs
Sewing Machine. f
Agents for AMERICAN and ST. JOHN Sewing Ma
chines the most reliable on the mark et.
A splendid and varied assortment of the finesfc
left over from last winter, will be sokt BELOW
COST, to make room. These Goods are In per
fect condition, and are as serviceable as any goods.
v CVLook for the bakoain cocbrra.
Also, a lot of HATS and SHOES, carried over frfflB
last winter, at a bargain below cusu
tWwhen you want anvthinc that ahnuM ho act
MEHQNE Y & 110
kept In a first class Store, oome to us for it.f tm
We propose to meet and Batlafir the de-J H
("mands ot customers. Come and see na m
MERONEY & BRa Wt
Salisbury, Oct. 15. 1S85. MJ3m
- SALE OF LAND.
By virtue of a decree of the Superior Court of
Rowan County, I will sell on the premises or
Saturday, the ssd day of January, l, the fojlow-
ingdescrtbed tract of land, belonging to the estaw m
m 4onn lucKey. aeceasea. situatca-in scotco m
Township, and bounded and described as fiUlows:
a tract 01 about one hundred and tw;nty-scen
acres, adjoining the lands of John W. Turrter, J' k
Moore, and others. Said land will be sold subjm
to the life estate of the widow, and the sale :W M
confirmed by order of Court, at the aiuoant for
which It is sold - .
Terms of sale: Bidding will commence at tig
one-third cash, with acrediton the remaining tw
thirds of three and six months from day of 9e
with Interest at eight per cant.
" W. A LUCKEY
Surviving Executor of John LucWf
December 2d, isss 4t "
HORSE AND CATTLE POWDER'
No H- will .HA of m.ic. froif or Lr '"
TTK, if (vuCf fovticn are "1 -In t'.nie.
t'outrt 1'owiIpit willciire :inrt prtlw.'Bt H (nSSZ
Fortii Powder will prevent Gki' '
F.itt- Pow.lem will increa-p uW ".fLana
nrl rreani twenty per cent., ami niakfc the Dtitwr"T
and sweet. !
FonUI Powders will en re or prevent alracut
DtSKAS to whtrh Hnnwa and l atfl'-are mUjert. '
FolTl'a PotrnvBi w 114. err jUTlsFACTioa.
Sold every wltcre.
" DAVIS . FOUTfc. Proprietor.
BAL11 MDBS. M&
J. II. Ennias, Dfist, Aycnt.
A I - ill