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0 / 75
VOL: XX.THIRD SERIES.
SAUSBUEY, H. G, THURSDAY, HARCH 14, 1889.
' ' ' '
Tlilfr oowdcr oerer varies. A mqrvelof pur t
r rpnelb.and wholesomeness. More economical
than tbeoMinarv kinds, and cannoc be sold iu
compotii ion with the multitude of low teat, short
'welffht. alum or phosphate powders. 8old only in
cans. KOTAL BAKINO Powder Co., IOC Wall et. N
y - . t --i . -y- -
' For sale by Binghnni & Co., Yoking & Bos-
tian,nd'N, P. Murphy. - j
nnP IIT DiTM IT! -' x
Clsinses the wasaltraftc3tSi;
t i !o n. -:. Hsals the . r .
sire s. ' Bsstores (-J
ths Sensss of Tate Sgiryd;
and Smell. ' .
is a disease of the mucous membrane,
'.generally originating in the nasal pas
. sazesnd maintaining its strongnoia in
the head. From this point it spnds forth
a poisonous virus into the stomach and
thraugh the digestive organs, , corrupting
ihc blood and producing other trouble
1 -some and dangerous symptoms;
1 A barticle is apnlic.1 into each nostril, and Is
Weeable. Price 50 cents at druggists; by mall
' rSrirerpd. en cents. " ELY BUOS. !5 Warren
street. Sew York. l&ly.
i t 'i : ' 1
' Is full of humbugs; aud that remedy that
disproves this cfcarge is a. Uoii-spnd to human-.
; ity. B. D. 1J. has never failed and Jjhat ought
I to count for something to hira who wants to be
cured of what B. B. B. sets itselfai? to cure.
UTTERLY SURPRISED !
j ' Mkpidiax, Miss. July 12, I887r
for a number of years I have suffered un
told agony, from the effects Jf blood poison. I
had ray cafe treated by: gevcral prominent
- pliysicvansl, but received but little, ifj any, re-;,-
lief. - I resorted to all sorts of patent medicines,
j 8j'Qling a large amount of nioueyj but yet
i getting no better. My-attention was' attracted
- by the cures said to ha ve been affected y B. B.B.
"and I commence taking it merely as in experi
ment, having but little faith in the results. To
I my utter surprise I sobu commenced tj improve,
;; and deem myself to-day a welt and hearty per
sonall owing to the excellent qualities of B.
B. li. I cannot commend it too'highly to
those suflfering from blood poison,
r . i i ' J. O. Gibsov,
-."!". Trainman M. & O. It. R.
i AFTER TWENTY YEARS.
j Baltisiore April 20, 1887. For over twen-
Itr years I have been troubled witbx ulcerated
bowels and bleeding piles, and grew very weak
"and thin from constant loss iOf blood. I have'
used 4 bottles of B. JV. B., and have gained 15
pounds in weight, and feel better in general
health than I have fof ten years. I -recom-
mend your B. B. B. as the best medicine I have
ever used, and owe mjf improvement to the use
of Botanic Blood Balut.. Ecgexics 'A. Smith.
! 318 Exeter St. I1
AN OLD BLAN' RESTORED.
Daws.os, "Gai, June 0, 1887. Being an old
man and suffering from general debility and
rheumatism of the joints of the shoulders, I
found difficulty In attending to my bnsiness,
that of a lawyer, unt I bought and used five
bottles of B. .11. B., Bdianic, Blood Balnr, of ifr.
T.' C. - Jones, "or J. R. Irwin & Son, and my
general health is improved and fhe rheumatism
it'it.me. I believe it to fe a gooa meuiciue.
v h I J II. Laixg.
AU who desire full tnformavion about the cause
and cure of 0lool Poisons, scrorula and Scrofulous
Swellinss, Ulcers, sores, Rheum Ulsm, Kidney
Complaints, Catarrh, etc., can secure by mall, free,
copy of our 32-pajre Illusl rated Book of Wonders,
filled With the most wonderful and startling proof
ever oforeknown. 1 f Address, ;
Bl-mo iJalm ex. Atlanta, u a
T ai ooc lablitbl
trad, m alt pan, bjrl
Diactar a r aaackhm J
o4 raid wkera tM paupla ran
lam. wa win aaoa rf ra am
paraoa each tora!iiT ,ib nrf
! arorM. with all tha attaranrma.
a wiUaJaa aaa4 free a nwiihn
lin of oar coatlr and lnbl art
nptea. la rcwre wa aak thai raa
lu. tvfcat wa arad. to tboar rb
Mf rail at yoar bema.aad after
tmoalh all anall oecoina tout m
profiafttr. Thia araml mat bin.
iawacaneT aa r-"-
rhkh kara ma out : inra r"--'
. raa a h aoM lor :. w ii b IM
I mm M-il. fatf
I Ftul aaarhiae ta lha world. A H a
.Kaftae. So capital raqrirad. Plaim,
. I rom wba writ, to aaat onreaae-
ara lre rba beat eewmr-aaaebiae tha worio. ana
pl nneof work.of birt mmribm torribri Aowrieav
TllLEdt CO.. JtoX ?40, AafaaWi At4.
tnucUAIE. J : L. II.CLKMEXT
CRA1GE & CLEMENT,
Uornovs .A. Hm
- . Salisccky, N. V
l,eb.:Jia,188l ".. I . "
! J. C. TicCUBBINS,
. x N.0.
TV? U) building, second fl.ior, next to
A. A I well'
.-.z?w i a iatk
: "1 montctkm. rvm.
: PRESIDENT HAEEISOH'S
cThere is no constitutional or lecral
requiremerTt that the President shall
jtakei the oath of office in the presence
of the people. But there is so man
ifest appropriateness in the public in
duction into office of , the chief execu
tive! officer of the nation, that from
the beginnino; of the government the
beonle. to whose service the official
oath .consecrates the officer, have been
Called to witness the solemn ceremonial.
Ah oath taken fn the presence of the
people becomes a solemn covenant.
The I officer covenants to serve the
whole body of the people by the fa:th
ful execution of the laws, so that they
r ' .'t . ll la SB
may De ine unraiung aetenfje ana se
curity of those who respect and observe
them, and that neither wealth, station,
nor power of combinations shall be
able to evade their just penalties, or to
wrest theni from the benefieient public
purposes to serve the ends of cruelty
i Juy promise is spoken; yours un
spoken,-but not less real and solemn.
The people of every State have here
their representatives. Suiely I do not
misinterpret , . t
I THE J5PIRIT OF THE THE OCCASION
when I assume that the whole bodf of
the people covenant with me, and with
each other to-day, to support and de
fend the Uonstitution and union of the
States; to yield willing obedience to all
the laws, and each to every . other citi
zen his equal, civil and political rights.
Entering thus solemnly into conveuant
with each other, we may reverently in
voke, and confidently expect, the favor
and help of Almighty God, that He
will give to me .visdom, strength and
fidelity, to our people the spirit of fra
ternity and love of righteousness -and
peace. This occaison deserves peculiar
interest from the fact that the Presi
dent's term which begins to-day is the
twenty-sixth under our constitution.
The" first ' inauguration of President
Washington took took place in New
York, where Congress was then sitting,
on the 30th day of April, 1789, having
been deferred by reason of delays at
tending the organization of Congress
and canvass of the electoral vote. Our
people have already worthily observed
centennials of the declaration of inde
pendence, of the battle, of Yorktowu,
and of theadoption of the Constitu
tion ancjwiirshortly celebrate 'n New
York the institution of the
SECOND GREAT DEPARTMENT
of our constitutional schemeof govern
ment. When the ceutenuial of the
institution of the judicial department
by the organization of the Supreme
Coiift shall have been suitably ol
servedas i trust it will be, our nation
will have fuUy entereid its second cen
tury, t , . - -
i 1 will not attempt to' note the mar
velous, and, in great part, -happy con
trasts between our country as it steps
oVer the thteshold into its second cen
tury of organizetl existence under the
Constitution, and that weak. but wisely
ordered young nation that looked un
dauntedly down he first century,
when iall its years stretched but before,
iti Oar people will not fail to recall
incidents which accompanied the insti
tution of the ' Government nnder the
Constitution, or to find inspiration and
guidance in the teachings and examples
ofi Washington ancT his great associ
ates, and take hope and courage in the
contrast which 30 populous and pros
perous btatesjotter to Id btates, weak
in -ejery thing except courage and love
of; liberty, that then fririged our At
lantic Seaboard. The Territory of
Dakota has now a population greater
thiin any of the original States (except
P-Virginia), and greater than the aggre-
of five of the smaller btates m 1790.
The center of our population, when
our national, capitol was located, was
east of Baltimore, and it was argued by
many j well . informed persons that it
EASTWARD RATHER THAN WESTWARD.
Yet in 1880 it was found to be nea
Cincinnati, and the new census abou
to Ibe taken will show another stride t
But our growth has not been limited
j to territory, population and aggregate
weialth, jnarvelous as it has been in
each of those' directions. The mass
of bur people are Better fed, clothed
and housed than their fathers were.
The facilities for, population education
have been . Tastly-enlarged, and more
ceherally diffused. The virtues of
courage and patriotism have given re-.
cent proof of. their continued presence
hind increasing power in the hearts and
over the lives of our people. , lhe m
flnehces of relisioh have - beei : multi
plied and strengthened: . The sweet
offices- of charitv have greatly iricreas
ued ; tnct Tiriiie joi temperance, is neia in
Vre jhtave not Stained an -ideal cbii-'
dition.j Not alrof our people are hap
py land prosperous, not all of them are
virtuous and law-abiding; but on the
whole, the opportunities offered to the
individual to secure the comforts of life
are; better than . are found elsewhere,
and larsrelv better than they were here
rmnrlrpd veafs aso. , The surrender
"r i - w
I"--' " :.f. : - - "
LARGE MEASURE OF SOVEREIGNTY
to (he general government, effected by
. tpe! adaption of the Constitution, was
ot accomplished until the suggestions
of reason were strongly reiu forced by
the more imperitive voice of experience.
The divergent interests of peace speed
ily demanded !more perfect union."
The merchant, shipmaster and man
facturer discovered and disclosed to our
statesmen and to the people that com
mercial emancipation must be added to
political freedom, which has been so
bravely won. The commercial policy i
of the mother country-had not relaxed j
any of its hard and oppressive features.
j To hold in check the development of
our commercial marine, to prevent or
retard the establishment and growth of
manufactories in the States, and so to
secure an Amprican market for their
shops, and carrying trade, for their
ships, was the policy of European
statesmen, and was pursued with the
most selfish vigor. Petitions poured
in upon Con gess urging the imposition
oi tuscnminating duties, that should
encourage the rjmotion of needed
things at home. The patriotism of
the people, which no longer found a
field oi exercise in war, was energet
ically directed to the duty of equipping
the young republic for the defence of
its independence by making its people
Societies for the promotion of home
maufactnrers and for encouraging the
use of domestics in the dress of , the
people were organized in many States.
lhe revival at the and of the century
of the same 'patriotic interest in the
preservation and development of do
mestic industries, and the defense of
our working people against injurious
foreign competition, is an incident
worthy of attention. It is riot depart
ure, but return that we have witnessed
. THE PROTECTION POLICY
had then its opponents. The argu
ment was made, as now, that its bene
fits enured to particular classes or sec
tions. If the question became in any
sense, or ar. any lime, sectional, it was
only because slavery existed in some of
the States. But for this, there was no
reason why the cwtton-producing States
should not hav? led or walked abreast
with the New England States in the
production of cotton fabrics. There
was this reason why: the States that
divide with Pennsylvania the mineral
treasure of. the southeastern and cen
trel mountain range, should have been
so tardy in bringing to,' smelting fur
nace and to the mill the coal and iron
from their near opposing hillsides.
Mill fires were lighted at the
FUNERAL PILE OF SLAVERY. .
The Emancipation Proclamation was
heard in tlx1 depths of the earth, as
well as in the sky. Men were made
free, and material things became our
The sectional element has, happily,
been el i mi ted from tariff discussion.
we nave no longer otates tnat are
necessarily onlv planting . States
None are excluded from
that diversification of pursuit
the people which brnngsweath and
contentment. The cotton plantation
will not le less valuable when the pro
duct is spun in the country town by
operatives, whose necessities call for
diversified crops, and create a home de
mand for garden and agricultural pro
ducts. Every new mine, furnace and
factory, is an extension of the produc
tive capacity of a btate more real and
valuable than added territory.
bhall the prejudices and paralysis of
slavery continue to hang upon the
skirts of progress? How long will
those who rejoice that slavery Ino lon
ger exists, cherish or tolerate the inca
pacities it put upon their communities.
I look hopefully to the cori tin nance of
our protective system, and to the con
sequent development of j
MANUFACTURING AND MINING
enterprises in States hitherto wholly
given to agriculture, as a potent influ
ence in the perfecV unification of our
people. Men who have invested their !
capital in these enterprises, farmers !
who felt the benent of their neigh
borhood, and men who work in the
shop or field,, will not fail to find1 and
to defend a community ! of in
terest. Is it not quite possible that
the farmers and promotei-s of the great
mining and manufacturing enterprises
which have recently wen established
in the South may yet find that the free
ballot of the working man, ! without
distinction of race, is needed for their
defense as well as for therf own. I do
not doubt that if those men in the
Sjuth who now accept the tariff views
of Clay and the constitutional exposi
tions of Webster, would courageously
avow and defend their own convic-
tions, they would not find it
by friendly instruction and
tion,- to make
THE BLACK MAN
jtheir efficient and safe ally, not only in
establishing correct principles in our
national administration, but in pre
serving for their local communities the
beuefits of social order and economical
and honest government at least until
the good offices of kindness and educa
tion have been fairly tried, a '.contrary
conclusion cannot be plausibly, urged.
j NO SPECIAL POLIuY.
- 1 HAVE ALTOGETHER REJECTED THE
SUGGESTION OF A SPECIAL POLIC FOR
ANY SECTION OF THE COUNTRY. It is
the duty of the executive to administer
and enforce in methods and by instru
mentalities pointed out and
constitution all laws enacted bv
These laws abb general.
AND THEIR ADMINISTRATION SHOULD BE
UNIFORM AND EQUAL, j As a citizen
may not elect what laws he will ob?y,
neither may the executive elect which
he will enforce. The duty to obey and
to execute embraces the Constitution
in its entirety, and the whole code of
laws enacted under it.
The example of permitting individ
uals, corporations or communities
TO NULLIFY THE LAWS
because they crosisorae.seltish or local
interest or prejudice is full of danger.
not only to the nation at large, but
much more to those whose the perni
cious expedient to escape their just ob
ligations, or to obtain an unjust advan
tage over others. They! will presently
tnemseives oe compelled to appeal to
law for protection, arid thosf who
would use law as a defense must not
deny that use of it to others. If our
great corporations wculd more scrupu-
lousiy aiYiae tneir legal limitations and
duties, they would have;
complain of unlawful
their rights, or of violent interferences
with their operations.
A community that by concert, open
or secret, among its citizens denies to a
portion of its members their plain
rights under the law, has severed the
only safe bond of social order and pros-
m I a a i .
per.ty. ine evil works from a bad
center both ways. It demoralizes those
who practice it, and destroys the faith
of those who suffer by it, in the effi
ciency of law as a safe protector.
lhe man m whose breast that faith
has been darkened is naturally the sub
ject of dangerous and uncanny sngges-
tions. I hose who use; unlawful nieth
ods, if moved by no higher a motive
than the selfishness than the selfishness
that prompted them, may well stop
and inquue what is to be the end of
AN UNLAWFUL EXPEDIENT
cannot become a permanent condition
of government. If the educated and
influential class in a community either
practice or connive at the systematic
violation of laws that seem to them to
cross. their convenience, what can they
expect when the lesson that cpnvience,
or supposed class interest, is a sufficient
cause for lawlessness,! has been wel!
learned by the ignorant classes? A
community where law is a rule of con
duct, and where courts, not mobs, ex
ecute, is the only attractive field for
business investments and hontst labor.
OUR NATURALIZATION LAWS
should be so amended as to make in
quiry into the character and good dis
position of persons applying for citi
zenship, more careful and searching,
our existing laws have been in their
administration an unimpressive and
often unintelligent foim.x We accept
men as citizens without any knowledge
as to what they are. The privileges of
American citizenship are so great and
its duties so grave, that we may well
insist upon a good knowledge of every
person applying for citizenship and a
good knowledge by him of our institu
tions. We should not cease to be hospitable
to immigration but we should cease to
be careless to the character ofj it.
There are men of all races, even the
best, whose coming is necessarily a
burden upon our public revenues or a
threat to our Social order. These
should be identified and excluded.
We have happily maintained a poli
cy of avoiding all interference with
European affairs. We1 have been only
interested spectators of their conten
tions in diplomacy and in war, ready to
use our friendly offices to promote
peace, but never obtruding our advice,
and never attempting unfairly to coin
distresses of our powers into commer
cial advantage to ourselves. We have
a just right to expect that our Euro
pean policy will be the American poli
cy of European courts. It is mani
festly iiicompitible with those precau
tions for our peace and safety, which
all great powers habitually observe and
enforce in matters affecting them, that
a shorter water way between our east
ern and western seaboards should be
dominated by European gevernment,
that we may confidently expect that
such a purpose will not be entertained
by our friendly powers. We shall, in
the future, as in the past, use every en
deavor to maintain arid enlarge our
friendly relations with all great pow-
1 II i t -AI 1
ers, but tney win not expect us to iook
kindly -up1 on any project that would
leave us subject to dangers ' of hostile
observation or environment.
VVe have not sought to dominate or
to absorb any of our weaker neighbors,
but rather to aid and ieucourage them
U establish free and stable govern
ments, resting upon consent of their
own people. We have a clear right
to expect, therefore, that no European
government, will seek to establish co
lonial dependencies upon the territory
of these independent American States;
that which sense of justice refrains us
from seeking, they may be reasonable
expected willingly to forego. It. must
not be assumed, however, that our in
tertats are so vexcl usi vely A raerican ,
that our entire inattention to any
events that ; may transpire elsewhere
can be taken for granted. Our cm
zens, domiciled for purposes of trade in
all countries, in many
of the islands of
the seas, demand, and
will ' have, our
adequate care in their
. SERVING NOTICE ON RISM A RCH. j
The necessities of our navy require
convenient coaling stations and dock
and harbor privileges. These and other
trading privileges, we will feel free to
obtain only by means that do not in
any way partake of coercion, hntipvor
feeble the govern ment from which we
ask such concessions. But . lmvJnrr
fairly obtained them, by methods and
for purposes entirely consistent with a
most friendly disposition towards nil
other powers, our consent will be nee-
essarp to any modification . or impair
ment of the concession. We shall
neither fail to respect the flar of nnv
friendly nation, or the just rights of its
citizens, nor to exact a like treatment
for our own. Cil
consideration should characterize our
diplomacy. The offices ef intelligent
diplomacy should be to peacefully ad-i
just all international difficulties. By
such methods we will make our con
tribution to the world's peace, which
no nation values more hisrhlv. nnd
avoid that approbrium whinh irTncf fll
upon theuntion that ruthlessly breaks
A SQUINT AT CIVIL SERVICE.
The duty devolved bv law nnnn ihL
President to nominate and n nil
with the advicejiud consent of Senate,
to appoint all public officers who?e ap
pointment is not otherwise provided for
in the Constitution, or by Act of Con
gress, has become very burdensome;
and its wise and efficient (lis harge full
of difficulty. The listcivil is so large
that personal knowledge of any large
number of applicants, is impossible. The
President must rely upon the represen
tations of others, and these are often
made inconsiderately, and without any
just sense of responsibility. I have the
right, I think, to insist tnat those who
volunteer, or are invited to give, advice
as to appointments, shall exercise con
sideration and hdelity.
A high sense of duty and ambition
to improve the service, should char.tc-
..II ll ' iv mi
an puuuc omeers. mere are
many ways in which the cohenvience
and comfort of those who have business
Itl. II- IV 1
witu our puonc omcers, may ue pro
moted by a thoughtful and obliging'
offiier; and I shall expect those whom
I may appoint to justify their selection
by a conspicuous efficiency in the dis
charge of their duties. . Honorable
party" service will certainly net bees
teemed by me any disqualification for
public office, but it will in no case be
allowed to serve as a shield of official
negligence, incompetency, or delin
quency. It is entirely creditable to
seek public office by proper methods
with proper motives; and all applicants
will be treated with consideration.
But I shall need, and the heads of de
partments will need, time for enquir
ing and deliberation. Presistent im
portuniiy will not, therefore, be the
best support of application for office.
SWALLOWS IT WHOLE.
Heads of departments, bureaus and
all other public offieers, having any
duty connected therewith, will be ex
pected to enforce the civil service law
fully and without -evasion. Beyond
this obvioas duty, I hope to do some
thing more to advance the reform of
eivil service. The ideal, or even my
own ideal, I shall probably not attain.
Retrospect will be a safer b.isis of
judgment than promises. WTe shall
not, however, I am sure,, be able to put
our, civil service upon a non-partisan
basis until we hfiye secured an incum
bency that fair-minded men of the op
position will approve for impartiality
and integrity. As Hie number of such
in the civil list is increased, removals
from office will diminish.
TO "ADJUST"" THE REVENUE.
While the treasury surplus is not
the greatest evil, it is serious evil.
Our revenue should be ampJe to meet
ordinary demands upon our treasury,
with a sufficient margin for those ex
traordinary but scarcely less' impera
tive demands which arise now and
then. Expenditure should always be
made with economy and only upon
public necessity. "Wastefulness, pro
figacy or favoritism in public expendi
tures, is criminal. But there is noth
ing in the condition of our com n try or
of our people, to suggest that anything
; presently necessary to public prosperity,
secunetV, or honor, snonld be ,urmuiy
postponed. It will be the duty of
Congress, wisely to forecast and esti
mate these extraordinary demands;
and having added them to out ordinary
expenditures, to so adjust our revenue
;iws that no eonsnieraDie annual sur
plus will remain. We will fortunately
a..a 1 ."
be able to apply to the redemption or
the nublic debt any small and unfore
seen excess of revenue. This is better
than to reduce our income below our
necessarv expenditures, wildly risking
a choice between another change of
our revenue laws and increase of pub
lic debt. It is quite possible, I am
sure, to effect the necessary reduction
in our revenues without breakiug down
our protective tariff, or seriously injur
ing any domestic industry.
The construction of a sufficient num
ber of raorden war-ships and of their
necessary armament should progress as
rapidly $& consistent with cave and
perfection in plaus and workmanship.
The spirit, courage, and skill of " our
naval officers and seamen, have ' many
times in our history given fc Weak
ships and inefficient! guns a. "rating
greatly beyond that of the naval list.
Thatjhey will agam do so upon occi
sion, I do not doubt; but they o:ight
not, by premeditation o;r neglect, to" be
left lot he risks and exigencies of an
MR. BLAINE WROTE THIS. '
We should encourage the establish
ment of American steamship lines.
The exchanges of , commerce demand
stated, reliable, and rapid means of
communication; and until these are
provided, the development of our trade
with States lying South of us, impossi
Our pension laws should give more
adequate and discriminating relief to
union soldiers and sailors, and to their
widows and orphans. Such an occa
sion si3 this should remind us that we
owe everything to their valor and sacrifice.
A FEW PARTISAN REMARKS.
It is a subject of congratulation
that there is a near prospect of the ad
mission into the Union of Dakota and
Montana territories. This act of jus-
iice uas Deen unreasonaoiy delayed in
crease of some of them. The people
who have settled these territories are
intelligent, enterprising and patroiotic;
and the accession of these new btates
II 111 iii . . r . .
win aoa strengtn to tne nation. it isi
due to the settlers in the territories!
...i, i, , il. i ii. .
tviiu nave avaiieu uieuiseives vi me my
vitation of our land laws, Ho makeH
homes upon-public domain that their
titles should be rapidly adjusted and
their honest entries comfirmed by pat
It is very gratifying to observe the
general interest now being manifested
in the reform of ruction laws. Those
who have been for years calling atten
tion to the pressing necessity of throw
ing about the ballot box and about the
election further safeguards, in' order
that our elections may not only be
iree and pure, out mignt cieany ap
pear to be so, will welcome accession
of any who did not so soon discover
h need of the reform. The National
Congress has not as yet taken control
of elections over which the Constitu
tion gives it jurisdiction, but has ac
cepted and adopted the election laws
of the Several states, provided penal
ties for their violation and a method
of supervision. An inefficiency of the
State laws, or an unfair or partisan ad
ministration of them, could suggest a
departure from that policy. It was
clearly, however, in contemplation of
the Constitution, that such exigency
mightarise, and provision jvas wisely
made for it. The freedom of the bal
lot is a condition of our national life,
and no power vested in Congress or in
the executive to secure or erpetuate
it, should remain unused upon occa
sion. The people of the Congression
al districts have an equal interesest, in
that tl e ehction in each case shall tru
ly express the views and wishes of a
majority of the qualified electors re
siding within it.
DOES THIS MEAN THE BLAIR BILL?
The results of such elections are not
local, and the insistence of electors re
siding in other districts that they shall
be pure and free, does not savor at all of
impertinence, ir, m auv ui me oiaies
public security is thouglit to De ttireat
ened by ignorance among the elec
tors, the obvious remedy is education.
The sympathy and help of our people
will not be withheld from any com
munity struggling with special embar
rassments or difficulties connected
with suffrage, if the remedies proposed
proceed upoa lawful Hues, and are
promoted by just and honorable meth
AN E:5SAY ON PATRIOTISM.
How shall those who practice elec
tion frauds have respect for the sancti
ty of the ballot, which is the first con
dition and obligation of gO(d citien
shipR The man who has come to re
gard the ballot box as a jngglers hat,
has renounced his allegiance. Let
those who would die for the fhg on
the .field, give a better proof of their
nifrintism and biuher glory to their
countrv. by promoting fraternity and
intirp." A nartv success that is achie
ved bv unfair-methods or by practices
that partake of revolution is hurtful
and evanescent. Even from a party
standpoint, should hold our differing
opinions in mutual respect, aod hav
ing submitted them to the arbitrament
of "the ballot, should accept iin adverse
in Igment with the same respect that
we wo ild have dem widiJ of our opp
,..nb if the decision had been m our
favor. No other people have a gov
erriment more worthy tf their respect
ancLlove, or land so magnificent in ex
tent, so pleasant to look upon, and so
full of generous suggestion to1 enter
prise and labor.
IS THIS THE EDITORIAL 11 WE?
God has placed upon our head a dia
dem, and has laid at our- feet power
and wealth bevond definition or calcu
1 ition. But we must not forget-that
we bike these gifts upon the condition
that iustice and mercy shall hold the
reins of nower. and that upward the
iavennes of hope shall be free to j
neoote. rll do not mistrust the future
Dangers have been: in frequent am
bush along our path, but we hare un
covered and vanquished hero nil.
Passion has swept some of. ur : com
munities, but only. to give us; new de
monstrations that the gfert body of '
our people are stable, 4at riot ici and
law-abiding. No political party can
long piirstte advantage tit theVxrense
of public honor, or by rude arid -indecent
method, without a protest, and fa- .
tal disaffection in its own Lody, ?
A SYSTEM OF SCHOOL j'REMICHS.
The peaceful agencies of cyninjertt
are more fully revealing the i;eees-ary
unit ot an our communities, and t he
increasing intercourse of our people is
promoting mutual n speck We shall
find unalloyed pleasure iu he revela
tion which our neit census will mnl-A
f the swift development of the great
resources of some of the States." Each
btate, will bring its generous contribu
"ono the great aggregate of the na
tion increase, aud wiieo the harvests
from the fields, the cattle frora the hill?
and the ores of earth, slul I have been
weighed, counted, arid valued, we. will
turn from them all, to crown with the
highest honor the State that'has most
promoted education virtue, justice, and
patriotism among its people, j y -
T? n.. Y---i.
The big steamships whichply, be- v
tween New York and Europe carry on
each trip acros-j the Atlantic a little
city of people; . Two thousand persons
sometimes are stored away on board
t hese floating palaces. To appeTise t he
seu-sharpetifd appetites and tissaue
the thirst of this liorde requires u
great deal of solid and liquid :food.
The steward of a certain liner took on
at Liveipool ft r the last round vovaue
1,000 batles of champagne, 0,000 of
claret, C,000 of ale, 2,500 porter.;
5,000 of mineral water and 700 of
spirits. They u el last vearon 'their
line of steamers 8,030 quarts, and 17,-'
612 pints of champagne. The Ameri
ca is urink the greater part -of tho
champagne, according to the lndianup- .
olis News. TheyHcall for five quarts
of it to one of any other nationality. -The
other vices wenTt neglected. !
the steward says their line used last
1 or iuui j. a i . ' . i
jjear ot,iAa. pounus oi touacco, U-J,UW j
cigars ind 57,000 cigarettes, the leinons v
oiLshipboard average two a piece every :
day. apples the same, oranges leading I
with three apiece each day. j :
The steward says: ,We nailed
from Liverpool with 547 cabin passeil- i
lcis unu in cicw, ue uuu oil
lxard when we started 12,500 pounds'
of fresh beef, 700 pounds of corned l
beef, 5,000 pounds of mutton, 8oO '.
younds of lamb, 350 pounds of veal, -
350 pounds of pork, There were, be '
sides 2,000 pounds of fresh, fish, 'XX) '
fowles, 300 chickens, 100 ducks, - 50
geese, 80 turkeys, 200 brace of grouse,
lt tons of potatoes, oO hampers of veg- u
etables, 280 quartn of ice cream, 1,000 i
quarts of milk, 11,500 eggs.
ln the dry grocenes there were CoO .!
pounds, of tea, l,200.pouuds of coffee, l
1 ,000 pou nds of white snur, 7oO -
pounds of pulverized sugar, 1;500 .
pounds of cheese, 5.000 pounds of haut I
and 1,000 pounds ot bacon. ; ; You can i
form from that list of figures what it
costs to victual the vessel for every t
voyage. " - - . ' ! ;' : f j
"My figures arc not done yet. This i
line uses 20,000 tons, of ice every -year, I
and an average of 1,000 tons of coal !
every day. - They use 104,000 gallons
of engine oil for one item, and an i
averaire of four pounds of meat u in in-
ute or over 2,000,000 pounds a year "
nicy use ions ui raisins auu cyr
,ants oyer 1 ,000,000 eggs, the averages
being one every mirrute.. rheyi use 1- ;
tons of mustard, 13 tons of peas, s
17 tons of rice and 400 tons of flour, j
exclusive of the 50,000 loaves of bread. I
mi.- : t - JI i. -id'j i r .., i
i uey use .10 imus ui cueese auu ; au ui
yellow soap, not counting-the toilet
soap. : These. are only the figures of
one line, and there are many. Kerens
one more little item, which is that they
break $500 worthy of crockery t every
round trip. ' L
c? i ri :t. .u -j j.. :
oenaior i iuuiu ustonisqea Home oi
his republican colleagues by warmly -praising
Mr. Whitney's administration
of the Navy Department in that it had
not only laid thefoundation for ' the "
best navy in the world' but had also
stimulated American enterprise so. that
we can now furnish in" our own coun
try everything entering into the con
struction of the modern ships of war."
Children are tacitly" taught untruth
fulness by seeing parents put on differ-'
ent manners from their ordinary ones
when guests are present, by being
threatened punishments that are. not
inflicted, or by exaggeration in inci
dents that are related. You must be
yourselves-what you would have your
children be. . ; . ,
A farmer ought not to be ashamed.
of his occupation. . L " I '
The successful farmer must, raise
more grass and stock, and los grain.
V It takes longer to boil, a?; fresh
hard than it docs a stale oue.
A ration of ? equal
corn" meal is god for
par U bran: and
the growing hogs;