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0 / 75
-. . -
My 6i "IO TfTTft dv im
v V cut iLUlJLlIIcll
" - . . . . - ..-
SALISBURY, N. C THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1889.
rrw.,n4nf-fJ-ii tion is offered in Litem-
tuns'i" j . V. i
; " filO. K&MT P: .BATTLE.
:i4)tice to Creditors.
r ouilififtl as administrator ou
. . . 1. i. .......... ..11
against tne estate
! U. l are 'y ""MHwJ to
'. , ur -anti tQ the iiudcriiitl on or
f '! r ' 4 iiW of August, 10, or tins
ih i - j r ,-
plead in bar of their re-
,v of Julv, 180. V
K. A. BKAVKU, Acim r.
A COMPLETE NEWSPAPER
I . .
-.il - 5
U lKSl-HV, LL.D.Wllte
von wot ol 1 ln 'U"S nZ at?
r?n ctllie dateat creull oa Nortli
aTtei iJt be wvn ? TUeii
This powJer never rarles. A raarvelol pur;t
strength, and wholesomeness. More economlcul
tbantheordlnarT kinds, and cannot be sold la
competition with the multilist or low test. hort
weight, alum ar phosphate powders. Sold only In
cans. Koyal Baking Puwdek Co.,10t Wall fet. N
For sale by Binprliani & CoM Young & Bos
tianT ami N. -P. Murphy.
. ; Which Shall It Be. -
MBS. B. W. PALMER.
A tidy little home for Betsy and me
With just enough ro m for one, two, three!
Or a tumble down but with a broken gate,
And a sad-eyed wo nn tailing e:irly and late:
-Which shall it be
For mine and me?
A five-cent glass of beer for me
Or a five-cent loaf for all of m three?
Beer ot baby wine or wife.
Which do 1 hold more precious than life?
Which shail it be
For mine and me?
Potatoes and salt with a crust of bread
For the best littls woman the Lord ever
While the rum-seller's wife feeds "on turkey
Bough) With my money if I so incline!
This shall it be
For mine and me.
Tatter3 an J rags for my little one,
My fair, comely baby, my own darling son,
while the rum-sellers children go warm
On my. earnings, wrested from my bonny lad;
This shall it be
For mine and me!
Well d'ye think me a whole-eyed fool,
Blindly to serve as the rum-seller's tool?
Ah! How can 1 hesitate which to choose,
When it's all to gain or all to lose;
For mine and me,
For mine aud me.
A XD THE
jiullsild-at Wilmington, N, C.
Tlw hoiJViBOnO TlAXSTCJilPT-
'jub'.isjicd at OOWsborb, N.
TaEYREi.KB SIGHT PAG-E IMPELS.
: V- no Toa want a :iabte-raper giving you all the
f ihJwuri.J-a Hemocr.itlc n.-wspaper that
BP.Upl-t-ns V.i-y rarest el renin ion aid
ki'fftrm"oi-t!iat wrnty-on' years u -t-n a p uiann
-iXKrlti.and dt-veloptnent of the old
TJt- k'hwci a,e to tne Mtsst.M.tu.
.': TlilAI- KATES.:"
T)iiiy npsPSPvliiy m;U, 4 mt-s. on trial,
?"h-Tng5n Messenger. Sines..
r ; qSil IX ADVANCE.
qj S Proprietor.
Almost everybody wants a "Spring Tonic."
Here is a simple testimonial, which shows how
11. II. B. "is regarded.;. It will knock your mala
ria out and restore j our appetite :
Splendid for a Spring Tonic.
r. ' Arlington, Ga., June 30, 1888. ,
I suffered with malarial blood poison more or
less all the time, and the only medicine that
done me any good is B. li. B. It is undoubted
ly the best blood medicine made, and for this
malarial country should be used by every one
in the spring of the year, and is good in sum
mer, fall and winter as a tonic and blood purifier.
Givjs Better Satisfaction.
, JCadiz, Ky., July 6, 1887.
Please send me one box Blood Balm Catarrh
Snuff by return niail, as one of my customers
is taking li. II.-It. for catarrh and wants a box
of the snuff. B. B. B. gives better satisfaction
than any I ever sold. 1 ha-yc sold 10 dozen in
the pat-10 weeks, and it gives good satisfac
tion. If I don't remit all right for. nuff write me.
Yours, W. II. Brandon.
- r- - ' . i
It Removed the Pimples.
Rousd MouxTAixt-Tenn., March 20,1887.
A lady friend of mine has for several years
been troubled with bumps and pimples on her
face and nec, for which she used various cos
metics in order to remove them and beautify
and improve her complexion; but these local
applications wdre only temporary and left her
skin in a worse condition.
I recommend an internal preparation
bnown as Botanic Blood Balm which I have
cen usiner and selling about two years; she
tmttles and nearlv all nimnles have
disappeared, her skin is soft and smooth, and
! her general health much improved. She ex--presses
herself much gratified, and carirecom
I mend it to all who are thus affected.
I Mas. S. M. Wilson.
For sale bj-'j. II. EXNISS, Druggist.
A BOOK OF W0NDEBS, FREE.
All who desire full informiulnn about the cause
an 1 our
onnvnt oar 32-n;ure Illusl rated Book of Wonders,
filled wlt.a the most wonderful and startling proof
evn-f . foreknown. Address,
4o:iy Bloud riAi.s Co.. Atlanta. Ga
OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY
' By C. W. Wooley, Sr
The county of Montgomery was
formed in the year 1779 from what was
then known as Anson county. It was
named in honor of Gen. Richard Mont
gomery, who was slain at the sitge of
Quebec, Canada, in the 38lh year of
his age, in December, 1775. A monu
ment w.is erected to his memory, in
front of St. Paul's church, on Broad
way, in the city of New York, by au
thority of Congress, and in 1818 hi
remains were removed from Canada
and deposited with the highest honors
under this monument.
Montgomery originally embraced the !
territory of what is now known as
Stanly, and so remained as one county
up to the year 1841.
The first Court House built in Mont
gomeryytfas at Tindalsville, on the
west bank of the Pee Dee river oppo
site the junction of the Uwharrie river,
near what is now called Lovvder's ferry.
On account of the destruction of the
county records very little is known as
to how long the courts were held at
Tindalsville, or the names of the attor
i neys who practiced there, or the names
of the officers of the court, or the ex
act date of the removal of the1 court
house from Tindalsville, to the east side
of the Pee Dee, to a place known as
Makely, where the courts of Montgom-
ery were held tor a time, a newspaper
wife published there for a time, called
the lilakely Gazette, where the Rev.
llobt. Nail, D. D., hi' his youth, assist
ed in printing the paper. This wa the
Aulay leaped out into the river, and
attempted to swim to the mill, but
just before reaching the mill he wsis
swept over the dam and was drowned.
Dr. Wooley remained with his horse
and sulky in the flat and was carried
over the dam and was also drowned in
view of many who stood on the banks
of the river. The horse, after being
submerged in the waters, swam- out
The body cf Mr. Mc Aulay was
found the next 'day lodged between
two saplings. The body of Dr.
Wooley was found on the 8th day
afterwards, at Sedberry's Mills, two
miles below, where ropes had been
fastened across the river to secure it in
the event of its floating down the
river. Search had beeuv made in vain
for the body up to that time by a great
many persons. Dr. Wooley 's remains
were buried at his residence, now called
The Court House was then establish
ed at Henderson, near the junction t)f
the Uwharrie, on the east side of the
Pee Dee. . Henderson was named for
tlfe Hon. Archibald Henderson, an
eminent lawyer of Salisbury, N. C,
where it is said he practiced law. It
is also said that Gen. Andrew Jackson,
who then lived at Salisbury, practiced
1 ill -11' Ml" I i il
law at i inaaisviiie, wnen ic was tne
county seat of Montgomery.
Not long after the failure of the
nnavigation scheme, the county seat
was again removed, and located at
old L.iwrenceville, which was named
in honor of Capt. James L iwrence, ihe
brave naval commander of the Frigate
Chesapeake, who was ch tllenged by the
captain of the British Frigate Shannon,
whilst in the Bjston ro.ids, for a fiht.
L iwrence accepted the challenge and
put to sea, aud in il naval battle with
Capt. Broke, commander of th British
rrigate shannon, Liwrence was mor
tally wounded, and as he was carried
b?lov he cried out "Don't give up the
ship!" which has become a familiar
provero ever since.
DIVISION OF THE COUNTY.
About the year 1839, there was a
movement made by the citizens living
west of the Pee Dee to divide the
county on account of the great incon
venience of witnesses and suitors at
tending the Superior Court, on account
of he difficulty in crossing the Pee
Dee, especially in times of freshets;
and the year 1841 the county was di
vided bv thj Legislature making the
Intelligent Readers will notice that
are not "icarranted to cure" mil clse
or dieac, lt only Mien result
from a disordered liver, vi
Vertigo, Headache, Dyspepsia,
Fevers, Costiveness, Bilious
Colic, Flatulence, etc.
ror hee they nre not warranted ln
tble to make i-cmedy. Iri-e, Scts.
'cr? tffl lc ofjrooiTs in his line, may
": - V always bo found.
Solid Qld Watch.
BOM lor a 1 un ..til lai.lv
M 3 watch la tt world. I
racfec tiaMkcMT. " War. J
raaiad. Heavy boiiU Ould
Uuulinr Caau. Be IB ladies'
aad f tuti' aiiea. wiih work!
oi: l cue cf equal valut.
One Prrrau in each lo
caliir can arcure ona free.
tnccthrr with our lr.rpe andvaU
cable Una of Ilousehot'J
Sample.. Ther aamplca, i
veil tlier wal.h. we aend
ft. w. m t. rt m ft r .... V. . . . k e.lC
ka Jm hrna for S TXKmtUs and ahown tlirin to tboaa
). c.Uj. thee become oor owa propei.r. Th.a
m t -met rn K. .Bm .e MM-vinv , ifairh
' Ua.!!f. WeJi,y epr-"i. fretcht.ete. Adilreaa
P' l1" 8l.rrtlad,Malae.
P. H. THOMPSOH & CO.
Sash, Doors, Blinds,
Scroll Sawing, Wood Turning,
- 31A023TS, 45.0.;
AND CASTINC3 OF ALL KINDS
- DEAI.EKS IS-
Steam Engines and .Boilers, Steam and
Steam Fitting", Shafting. Pulley Hangers.
Miehincry of all kinds repaired on
Mar. 15,188. j !J
rn.iv bo foiino "t fll ut ticv
-WvrtkirftVi R-wrll &. Co'a Newspaper
UiSrtrSBtgrou!'0 Spruct? St.), where advt-rtisin?
wart fuar V"3'e for H IX NEW YORU.
I- ,r -I .
rri --"''If 'Jp: ' .
tie of Blool Poisons, Scrofula and Scrofulous first paper ever published ill the COlintv.
nos. Ulcers, sores,- KUeumu ism. KLlney rp, nr.infy m linnn tJlp PIPitp.
aims. Citarrh, etc.. can secure by mfll, free, -I n Is town sprang up upon Hie excite
ment arising from the proposition at
that time to make the Pee Dee navig.i
ble to this point, and a large amount
of money was subscribed and paid by
the lending citizens of Montgomery,
Richmond and Anson, but finally the
scheme was abandoned, resulting in
great loss to tho.-e who paid their sub
scriptions. About this time two other
towns sprang up in the southern part
of the contitv: one on the west bank
of the river, at Allen to:i Ferry, and
named Allenton, where several stores
were erected and two physicians loca
ted; and a good deal of business trans
acted, sis the citizens of the vicinity
were well to do, some of whom were
wealthy. The other was located one
and three-fourths miles east of the
river, at the place called Ed in bo ro,
now the residence of Clt. YVatkins,
Esq., where the town was laid out with
streets, and several stores built, and
considerable business transacted; the
people having great hope and expecta
tiition for the success of the navigation
scheme; but for some cause the enter
prise was abandoned, and the whole
scheme collapsed, which was a sad dis
appointment to all the citizens gener-
Ti i i il i .1 rt r
ally. At tnis lime rne ree uee
abounded with fish, and shd was
caught in great abundance in traps and
seines, antLin such quantities that they
sold for only five cent each; and the
owners of fisheries frequently ted them
to their, hogs for want of sale for them
at that price.
Not far from E linboro there was a
terrible tragedy enacted. Two broth
ers, Sias Billiugsly aud Wilson H.
Dillingsiv, Had a 'lisnute about, a
frivolous matters, and both be
came angrv and Wilson H. liillingsly
struck his brother Sias with a hickory
stic : ou the side 'f his head, and killed
i him instantly. The unfortunate slayer
of his brother fled, to the West and
never returned. Another heart remUag
tragedy happened at Butler's Mills, on
the Little river, now called the burnt
factory, on April 21, 1825. Angus
McAulay, a brother of Aulay McAulay,
deed, went after Dr. Joan A. Wooley,
a : racticing physician, to visit his
mo tier's family, and in crossing the
ri r at the ferry, a short distance
a v the mill and mill dam, the riyer
ii.. cii. i : i.
JL-r. . iv r.H rnn-ne in die Sotith.-BSh oeing swoweu, some oi lie nanus in me
fST'AirPuts i air cities ana towns in me p ...
w -C- flat became frightened and just as they
" were landing jumped out of the flat,
J RHODES IECWNF, Prrsident hen the others also jumped out, and
W'T.-C. Coart, Secretary.
Pee De and Yadkin the boundary,
Tl, l- . ..U...l uCil'v
xne new i...u e-, 1 v' Mf. DebeiT
ror me ceieoraren jonu ntamy oi , i
t ,i . i- i fi if.. Senate of
iorrn Carolina. ur. i. n. aiontgoui
ery was a member of the Senate and
Thomas Pemherton and Edmund F.
Lilly were in the House of the Legisla
ture when the county was divided.
Eben Hearne was Sheriff of the county
when divided; and John Louis Chris
tian was the first Sheriff of Montgom
ery after the division of the county.
Farqr Martin was clerk of the Supe
rior Court, and his brother, John I J.
Martin, was clerk of the County Court,
anil James M. Lilly was Itegister of
Deeds. The ctarks of the courts then
held their offices by appointment, dur
ing good behavior, and tire Messrs.
Martin had held their offices respect
ively for many years under their ap
pointment. There were several emine.it attor
neys who practiced at the bar at that
time, viz: Hon. John Giles, of Kow
an; John B. Kelly, of Moore; G. C.
Mendenhall and Ralph Gorrell, of
Guilford; and P. H. Winston and T. S.
Ashe, of Anon; with Aleximler Troy
as the Solicitor; also Col. James L.
Gaines, of Montgomery.
STATE CONTENTION OF 183G.
In 1830 the State Constitutional
Convention convened at
who was a was a friend of Alexander
Troy. Wheeler History states that
Troy was named for John B. Troy of
Randolph, who practiced law at Mont
gomery Superior Court, which is quite
an error in both respects, for John B.
Troy, of Randolph, never did practice
law m Montgomery county. In fact I
never saw him in the county, and I was
clerk of the court from 1841 to 1849.
The Court House and jail were built
or completed in 1840 by the contrac- 1
tor, reter Mtinroe, and thec records
were removed to Troy in August, 1840,
where the first Superior Court was
held, on the hist Monday of August of
that year. The Hon. Thomas Settle,
judge presiding, and Hon. Robert
btrange, as solicitor, aud A. II. San
ders, sheriff. The bar was considered a
vervjible one at that time, consisting
of Hon, J. D. Toomer, Hon.'Rolert
Strange, Jonathan Worth, T. S. Ashe,
G. C. Mendenhall, J. L. Gaines, A. R
Kelly and others.
There were two hotels kept in Troy
at this time, one by Wm. Lassiter and
the other by Capt. Duncan McR le.
McRie's Hjtel ,was said to be the best
hotel kept on the circuit. The oldest
sheriff of Montgomery, now remem
bered, was Henry Deberry, the father
of Hon. Edmund Deberry and he was
also a member of the Legislature for
one or more sessions. There were
other sheriffs, whose names are not
now recollected, down to Abram
Torest, Samuel Pemberton, John M.
Allen, Eben Hearne, John L. Chris
tian, A. H. S.inders, and others of more
Hon. John Culpepper, .1 native of
Montgomery county, represented the
district containing Montgomery, in the
Congress of the United States for two
or more terms. He was also a member
of the Baptist denomination.
- -w-w -V v a
Hon. tvimund uberry also repre
sented the district, embracing M nt-
somerv, m L-oimress tor lo years, em
bracing two extra sessious, making 18
sessions he served in Congress
His first term commenced in the
year 1829, and he served continuously
until 1830, when he was defeated by
Hon Lauchlin Bethune, of Cumber
land, by 23 votes; which was the
only time he was ever defeated
before the people. Two years
afterwards they were again candidates
and Bethune was defeated by 24 votes;
and they were again candidates for the
third time when Bethune was defeated
by upwards of 000 votes.
Previous to his electiou to Congress,
tv served many years in the
Isorth Carolina, having been
elected when quite a young man, but
never was elected to the House of
Commons, having never been a candi
date for that branch of the Legislature.
A large portion of the first inhabi
tants of Montgomery came from .Vir
ginia and Mary land; the eastern portion
of the county being mostly of Scotch
Irish descent, and nearly all farmers and
mechanics, who depended mainly on
agricultural pursuits for their main
tenance and support, and they were a
; conservative, industrious and thrifty
I The precious metals arc fouiri wide
ly spread over the soil of Montgomery,
and at many places are found to be
very prohtab e.
The people have had their evil day
of extravagant hopes and feverish ex
citement upon the subject of gold
mines; and now, with a vast amount
of this metal stil in the soil, they in
dulge in no wild'expectatious. In al
most all the mountainous parts of the
county this precious ore may be found
in greater or lesi quanties, but the
jTi-Mat mass of the people neglect its
presenc while busily engage
... . a . -Ail
Reaction on the BUir BiiL ,
The Blair bill has for some years
constituted more or less of a feature in
the political Jiscussioa of th'aand other
Southern States since it was first in
troduced in Congress. The Republi
cans banked on it, and found no diffi
culty in convincing their colored co
partisan that if -it was adopted every
one of them would be educated in a
few years to fit them for college pro
fessors, lawyers, doctors, &c., when there
would be no more hard m inual labor,
but that the last mother's son and
duaghter of them, with the accomplish
ments v;nicn they would then acquire
could live like high-toned gentry, and
be the bottom rail never more. This
was about the idea the majority of
them hail of it, wbout the same idea
they had at the close of the war when
the freedmeu schools were opened.
when thousands of them of all sizes,
ages, sexes ami conditions rushed for
the primers and spellers' with an ap
parent determination to acquire an ed
ucation nght then and there. there
was no trouble, we say in securing the
unanimous support of these people
for a measure which cost them nothing
The Contagion of -Cimrcmptioa.
The New XqtV health dtpiirUnent
is distributing' iMreport in consump
tion as a contagious diseime which de
serves wide reading. The following
are the rules to be observed for th;
proven t ion of t he spread of -t th is; drea4
nsease: - v
Pul monary tuberculosis fcouWintK
tion) is directly communicated froia
one person to anot her. The germ of
the disease exists in the expectoration
of persons afflicted with it. v The'foM r
lowing .extract from the report of ; the j
pathologis of the health department
explains the means by which the dU.
ease may be transmitted. -.Tabercnlo-sis
is commonly produced in the tangs
(which are the organ most frequent
ly affected) by breathiug air in which
living genus are suspended, as dust.
The material which is . coughed up,
sometimes in large quantities, by per
sons suffering from consumption con
tains these germs often in enormous
numbers. . This material when
expectorated frequently lodge, in pla
ces where it dries, as on the rItrwts
floors, carpets, hankerchiefs,etc After
drying in ime.way or another, it is
and the results of which were painted I very npt to become pulverized and float
in such attractive colors for their bene
Candor compels us to say that there
was a disposition among some white
people in the State to favor the meas
ure because of the representations that
were made as to the good effects that
would follow it, while there were others
in the air as dust. Br observing the
following rule the danger of catching
the disease will be reduced to a mini
1. Do not permit persons suspected
to hare consumption to spit on -the
floor or on clothes unless the latter Le
immediately burned. The spittle of
who, though not influenced by these I persons suspected to have eonsumptioii
representations, were aisposeu to ac 8-iuu u taugiii m ciiruwru or wsi
cept if they did not advocate the bill, dishes containing the following solu
on the ground that whihUhere wa a tion; Corrosive sublimate 1 part, wa-
surplus in the treasury which would ter luou parts.
be squandered in some way it vo not sleep in a room occapien
was just as well to squander a part of it by a person suspected of having con-
in this way as any other; that thus the sumption. Ihe living rooms of a con
Southwould get back at least a portion sumptive patient should hare as little
of the money which she had paid to the iuruiture as practicable. xiuugings
Federal Government m internal rev- snouia be especially avoided. ineuso
enue and other taxes. They simply of carpets, rugs, etc., ought always be
took a dollar and cent view of it and avoided.
wanted to irot back some of the nion- 3. Do not fail to wash thoroughly
ev which had been squeezed out of our the eating utensils of a person sti-
people. pectea oi naving consumption as soon
13ut that was in the past. Iow as "iter eating as KssiDie, using Douing
the bill has been discussed and its fea- water for the purpose.
tures better understood, there has been 4. Do not mingle the unwashed
a reaction in this and other Southern clothing of consumptive patients with
States. As in North Carolina,-so in similar clothing of other persons,
other southern States, there was at one 5. Do not fail to catch the bowldis-
- at .
time considerable sentiment in favor charges of consumptive patients with
of it. Last winter a resolution was in- diarrheal in a vessel containing corro-
troduced in the Georgia legislation en- sive sublimate 1 part, water 1000 parts,
dorsing it and instructing the Georgia 0. Do not fail to consult the family
delegation inCongress to support it wheu physician regsinling the social relation
it came before the respective Houses. t persons sunermg r. om suspectetl
Consideration of this resolution was consumption.
Postponed until the meeting of the .. Do not permit mothers suspected
gi,lature this summer. It was of haying consumption to nuie their
brought up last Wednesday in the Sen-1 onspring.
ate when it was killed hy a vote of 19 8. Honsehold pets animals or buds)
to 10, nearly two to one. Fiye years are quite susceptible to tuljerciiloi.;
ago the Legislature of Arkansas refused therefore do not expose them to per-
to elect a U. S. Senator until he pledg- sons nfflcted with consumption; also,
j?d himself to vote for that bill, but do not keep, but destroy at once, all.
List vear it uassed a resolution con- household pets suspected of hating
demning all legislation by Congress of consumption, otherwise they may give
that charucter. These are but illus- w to num m beings.
tration of the .hange of sentiment 0- Do not fail to thoroughly cleanse
the floors, wails, and ceilings or the
living and sleeping rooms of persni
suffering from consumption at least
once in two weeks.
which has taken place in the Southern
States on this measure, as it has been
more thoroughly discussed and its lear
inrs better comprehended.
In North Carolina the number of
Democrats of intelligence who would
advocate this bill or le willing to accept
it if it passed Congress has been greatly
reduced; and the better it and the mo- i.,nt food eeinea,,:
tives of its originator and Sinatoral pj10!, - acid
champion are understood, the stronger iJPvnC ' C ' 1
A careful analysis of pure hen ma
nure give thes three most im porta ut
3.43 per cent
The timber of this county is varied
James L. Gaines and John B. Martin and very abundant, and its water
were elected delegates from Montgom- power is "simply magnificent and invit
erv. An ordinance was passed by this ing. Scientific men should be invited
convention to elect the clerks of the to explore and traverse our county, and
Superior and County Courts by the they would tell what kind of soil it
people every four years. Ihe hrst contains, tor what best suiteu, aim
election was held on the first Thursday what minerals may be found. As you
in Anmif 1811 At. t his plpp.tmn C. m:iv we I suppose, trreat discoveries
rilCISKCJiAIGE. !" H.CI.KMKXT
CRAIGE & CLEMENT,
Feb. .Jul, 1881
SEEKING HOME PATRONAGE
A STRONG COMPANY,
-Prompt, Reliable, Liberal!
ALLEN BROTN, Acert, Siliry. Vt C.
left Dr. Wooley and Mr. McAulay
alone in the flat which wjis son borne
out into the current of the river, and
justjjefoie reaching the dam Mr. Mc-
the onoorsition to it becomes. I his
does not arise from any lack of interest
in the cause of popular education, fjo
there are few States where more inter
est is being manifested on the subject
than in our own, and few States where
rnaro ni-rifTr lin rtPPlI ni:ldf 111 late
years than in North Carolina; but they animals pass away in the urine,
believe Mr. Blair's scheme is fraught urine jf animals could be secu
with danger, unauthorized bv law,
which defines the power of-Congress
in the expenditures of the public mon
ey, an evil precedent from whch mis
chief would come; a Dead Sea apple,
fair without but ashes within. Be-
" ".o ----- - j .. . -- cr...ii i
W ooley was elected clerk of the &upe- will b3 made, ana we may oo. .ent.y , .. . . . . . u mature
i. j r it ri.. 1 1 i - c i l. f... .nmaiifo iv im i wi tittrncr. r
nor lyoun, aim u. it. vocurau viei
he County Court, being the first clerk
pie for the county of Montgomery. for the goo l old couni oi juoutgoiu- f fc f t,e fun(,a.
burning of tue court nousE. ery in the near future, the people oi , Uw of thj Re bnc from a
On the 31st of March. 1843. the FV1'""
1 - . , ; ' . , J , ... Ueving tins way about ir, alter mature
of look fordevelepments which will attract refl(.cJ0 theHre opp6sed to it, not
rks universal attention, sooner or later and ft f;Ctio opposition because it is
eo- we believe there are grand I priibilitie & u ,)HcilII mle;isi.re, but frun a
J i. . l.. . .v,.iArr.. n r-a nf t( lirilt.lOn.
Court House at Lawrencev.lle, was E UTT hr n.
burnt with all the records of the coun
ty, save one book, accidently left in an
ittornev s room at Mcllaes rlotei
people. Fine schools are springing up
..li ovpr i.hp State with surprising ra
attorneys room at ... idity alltl very soou 0ur State will be
This was a terrible calamity to he of ilthern literature. It
the county;all the pend.ug suits had to . of ,j ht
be revived, and witness. had " c!es SJ Condi!ions, and all
prove their tickets, amidst great con- " , Mmnt n-eeive its ad-
ill rj J 11 1 a a a
sense of duty and of patriotism.
fusion and costs. At this tune there
was considerable agitation and excite
ment as to the location for a new
county site near the center of the
county. The commissioners first se
lected White O tk Springs near B. De
Berry's, then had a reconsideration of
the matter and left it to a vote of the
people of the county; a majority voting
in favor of the location at West's old
field, where Troy now stands.
The Commissioners were Col. J. L.
Gaines, Wm. Coggins, Z.-bedee Rus
sell, Martin Rush and T. L. Cotton.
The new county site was named Troy,
in memory of the old popular State so
licil oivwbo attended Montgomery Supe
rior Court fi,r many years Atexauder
Troy. 1 know this to be a fact, for I
1 i I ,i. i 1 reotlOil ot lw
iieii tuc iiunib " ...---- t
which was ou the mitjon of Coj. Gaines,
vantages, cheap but ini.o. tant to eery
class. There is now no necessity for
ignorance, as it is to be hoped that the
common school will rapidly improve,
and furnish the means of a good prac
tical education to every son and daugh
ter of Montgomery county. They con
stitute the greatest civil institutions oi
the State everybody is interested in
them, poor and rich; and hence they
are called ''corn mon" schools, because
they furnish advantages to all. And
as these schools are the foundation of
all other sch uls, let every young man
and w.iaiin, b y a i l giri, K-ur.i to re
nd coensa them, and let us
. ii i
reui iu er tn.t an truncation
is inteuded chiefly to learn tne nam in
ind to siiVmt its faculties to tue i
Miker, an I lo lab.r- tor
Nitrogen and organic
As is well known the manure of.
birds is valuable from the fact that it
contains the urates and other highly
nitrogenous substances which in other
combination with the solid excrement,
the value of the product would t9
Hen manure is far superior to ordi
nary barn yard manure, as will be seen
by the following table, giving the '
number of pounds of the three most
valuable elements in a ton of well rot
ted barn manure:
Barn manu. Hen man a.
Phosphoric acid, 5 48.00
Potash, 12 41.00
Nitrogen, 10 C7.00
Thus 400 pounds of.'pure hen ma
nure would contain very nearly as
much potash, phosphoric acid aud ni
trogen as are contained in a ton of
barn yard in inure. We believe that
hen manure, properly saved, will prove
cheaper, when used upon quick grow-
( ing crops, than any fertilizer that the
, farmer can save or buy. With melons
I and garden vegetahles we have obtain-
tained the Ut results: Its effects
upon corn and" cotton are well known.
X. C. Fanner.
A correspondent of the Charleston
News and Courier is growling over the
dog q-iestion, and it must be confessed
that his statistics are enough to make
one snappish. He sayslhat according
to the report of the auditor Laurens
county has 1827 d gs, valued at $0.13 ),
or S5 each; 1823 sheep, a diff ;vac i
two in favor of the sheep. v,i'u. i at
$2,004, a little over $1.09 eaeh, making :
one dog worth about four and a half t
sheep; 4,3W nogs, vaiueu at a
little over $1.81 each, one do valued
sit nearlv its much as three hog-, and
j , ,
this in a county where
i iKIa criiiiif :inrt lot
land for sheen that is ffoinir to waste , is" lersonal friend of Col. Shaf-
for want of the sheep to cons nuf- it. -
A Washington letter explains the
re there is" no val-' appointment of Col. Shaffer by say
of the best grazing 'lnH 8et,ll tbat "Safe cure War-
b,s gUi 1 inee aiiil direction
..a - I i I
We are not tamiliar with th revenue
laws of our sister State, but it s. !t)-
that they tax dog; in ! ;l 1
the friends of wool an ' m i to i i t tlit
Sc ite are in far bt?tUr lor n tit i-.i an;
the same diss i:i -fi'ti) Ctr;:;:ii.
where every CJirniverous cut-t.til canine
roams at large with no sheriff or fax
collectqr to nike hini afjaid Wil.
fer. He was a large contributor -to
the camp lign fund, and is consequent
Iv !i i?!ri:u-f'rial man with the powers
l"h it" b. lie bra ked Col.SliaflVr, and
pious ..ou;i nnc:tes-:nnKt rsuccumbea
i )J '.!
lm t R
m in re. a tins
How the North Caro
p.ibllcaii. like being snowetl
n isse bv a p it nL medicine
to le seen. It is a
queer commentary ou . the inllaeuce tiT