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0 / 75
01. SSI-TKIHD SERIES.
SALISBURY, N. C. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1889.
- . - tn -rv. !
. lj 'ldTi.Tn m kai man.
I'll' . v r -
i a -w -H f; H 1 . .v L A S ' 1
hi Ki f u-u - -i
! NO. CO. N fi.
',i'ii A M ! -i air V M
7 " 6 5. "
9 45 " : V5 "
11 4 " I 11 )
3 30 I M 3 Oo AM
5 40 " 07
8 20 " 7 45
3 m- - ," "
5 02 " 4 29
5 43 " -5 ej V
s 4i) " 8 or,
Ui 27 " 9 42 "
2 .!0 " tr, 00 P M
4 i,i -iTW) V M
4 4; 1 00 A M
ii " 2 55 "
5 io " 7 30
: 10 OS '6 30
10 37 I 5) "
i 12 VH AM i 1 IS
! 2 ol " 12 12 P M
7 31 4 30 "
, 9 2$ " 10 '
12 32 " Ml 23 A M
2 05 " I 18 40 P M
4 51 " : 38
5 5t " 4 46 "
1 1 00 ! t 40
I tO A M 1 00 P M
6 30 " 5 10
1) 30 " I 9 00 1"
'-..!. .' U
. c. Ull."
6 10 P M
10' 3 5
3 13 A M
6 00 P M
12 5 A M
fi 02 "
I 50 P M
3 15 A M
4 20 "
Vi 01 P M
7 50 A M
9 32. A M
i so r m
1 13 "
3 :o "
5t2 2S 1 M
7 10 "
8 50 "
3 00 A M
I? '20 "
L 11 L .
71 : 0
... ... L,ii i n .
t (Jally. pxcepi Sunday.
for Ral li,rii vi.i Oarksvttfi; leave Kichmond
ly.ir. m ; Keysviiie. fi.oo I'.oti.; .imvcsC'iarks-
t u 1' Vf fivfoT I -vi In l M ITi'nfl.Bnn O fr.
4nl?esnurnam'..45 p. m.: Kaunirn uroo p m.
1 II r 1 1! 1 1 L , ' lit HH1I 1 1 1 1 . i - . I . . 1 ' W I Jltllll.
j Mi," ll'Ti'lerson, f 3d A . Mf.; ( KfJinl, In.ln A.
fiftrtesvtllP, 11 05 A. M ; KeifvlUe, 12V25 P.M.;
XM BfCbBBOIMT, S:3o P M .
lamt Kalf'ln. via Keysviuej leaving K'ctiruona
p. in., and rtH urnlnvr leave llaleigh 7.35 a. ra.
1 mixo rains itavo iMirn:n aaiiy rx'-epi
a . n i . ii .. til 1 1 . t. ii i i" i n ii , i .1.1. . n . .11 .. ir-
....... f M . . 1 . . I ' I I , . 1 D -. 4 II. wr
le.v.'v Ki'vsviro. 9. hi. a- m .; .irnvinsr inir-
. 5 ?n. iitjK:ili'l'r!i IL00 n.rri PassenL'nT coach
a 51 : n as co lnccis ai '.iciin.in.i naiiv exeeri
teyforui'M 1 oint andjiiaitlmcrc via iorkuiv-
(lift from west Point fonnoets dally except
njay at i,ci:i:'.onii wit ii jp. r.o inr i:ic mmii t .
Sc'ini lt) and from Favrt levllle.
i i' oimii.ij.i 11 v.i inn nir i l'Mi
surton wltli trains to and from Chaeel 11111
n Atlanta xind X - v York, tin ensboro and
I' -in 1 Mum inul ' ,1' l inrllln oml Mr.i"
ir;i 11-am 53. 'o iiir-.Ti r.tiiToi siopnpr De-
. .nsiiin--ion ana Nov.- Orleans. .via Monn.om
and between Wasiilnetfn and r,ini)lnclian.
Bfl raillman lii.rmv iviwi li til i-nt 1 1 ilclmrv
. ' . 1. . ...... ...... - .. . . . .1
iMiow.iiip. nnn-t'uarlolte nno Anmista
mjlLL 1 ucK'HOii sue ai pnnci .)ai stations?, to
irn I'Sin nrnrin i nn mm T tunnv nfroni ni
. - .-- -"O - - -
iram-: Manager.. tien. rats. Ajent
W. A. TURK.
Ijv. Pass. 'A'-ront
and Danville Railroad Cc
AY. N. C. Division
Passenger Tniin Scht-dule.
Effective May 1 8th , 1 888 .
Train No. 5
Train No. 03.
f a. in.
a. m. Greensboro
9 so p. m.
3 IS j
1 0 25
' a. m i niiiui iii-
p. in .
to p.m. st. Louis
lo. a. ra. Ksns.iscity
fally except SUX-DAY
n u .
Warn . . TRAIN NO 17
ts 7-ave Anevnie Arr 4 50 p. m
vvaynesvllle 2 30
' .Charleston ...... inisa.m
larretts Leave 7 SO
A. & S. Road.
Oaily except SUNDAY
If ft T X' .
v. -Ml 1J
TRAIN NO 11
" IE tn T .
. Ml l.e.'ivn
spartanbtir? Arrive 2 10 p. m
Ashevilie Leave 8 10
SS Pridian time used to Ho Sprites.
j. fsueiwcen. Washington &
W"lt .! ...,.. "A. . ' '
Richmond & Greensboro
Raleigh A oreensboro
. -. KnoxvUie & Louisville
Salisbury & EaoxvUle
O. P. A.
- Parlor '.r
- - -.
W. A. WIN BURN. Act 'CD. P. A
m l founrt n file t Gpo.
Zfertteimr isTT r. Howell & Co s NewKpappr
'- ,lJl"?'au(u Rlio St.). v. here advertising
No dessert is more delicious, wholesome
and appetizing than a well-made dumpling,
filled with the fruit of the season. By the
of the Royal Baking Powder the crust is
be eaten steaming not with perfect impunity.
Receipt. One quart of floor; thoroughly mix with
it three teaspoons of Royal Baking Powder am) a small
teaspoon of salt ; rub in a piece of butter or lard the
iie of an eztj, and then add one large potato, grated in
the flour; after the butter b well mixed, stir in milk and
knead to the consistency of soft biscuit dough ; break
ff Pece of douch large enough to close over foot
quarters of an apple (or other fnrit as desired) without
colling, and lay in an earthen dish (or steamer) and
Steam until the fruit is tender. Bake if preferred.
In all receipts calling for cream of tartar
and soda, substitute Royal Baking Powder.
Less trouble, never fail, makes more appe
tizing and wholesome food and is more eco-
Bomical. Royal Baking Powder is specially
Bade for use m the preparation of the finest
and most delicate cookery.
For Bale bv Bingham & Co., Young & Bos
ian.aml Sr. P. Murphy.
"AGE CANNOT WITHER HER,"
remarked an old gentleman, as he gazed
fohilly upon the comely little woman by bis
side; "but frankly," he continued, "at one
time I was afraid cosmetics would. The silly
little woman, in order to appear youthful,
plastered her face with different varieties of
whitewash, yclept 'balms,' creams,' 'lotions,'
etc." " Yes," interrupted the little woman,
" i did, until my akin became like parchment
and so pimply and coarse." "Well," said tho
listener. " What do you use now?" "User"
was tho reply, " nothing but common sense
and Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery.
Common sense told mo that if my blood was
pure, liver active, appetite and digestion good,
that the outward woman would take on tho
hue of health. The ' Discovery ' did all thoso
things and actually rejuvenated mc." If you
would possess a clear, beautiful complexion,
free from blotches, pimples, eruptions, yellow
spots and roughness, use the "Golden Med
ieal Discovery." It is guaranteed to do
all that it is claimed' to. or money paid
for it will be promptly refunded.
Copyright, 1S88, by WORLD'S Dis. Mia Ass'K.
for an incurable ease of Ca
tarrh ill the Head by the
proprietors of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. By
its mild, soothing and healing properties, it
cures the worst cases, no matter of how lomi
standing. By druggists, 50 cents.
D. A. ATWELL'S
Where a full line of goods in his line, may
always be found.
For sale by JNO. H. EN KISS, Druggist.
iCERRCRAIGE. L. II. CLEMENT
CRA1GE & CLEMENT,
Attornovs -A.t Li n.
Feb. 3rd, 1881
HE. J. C. McCUBBINS,
Salisbury, - - - N. C.
Office in Cole building, second floor, next to
Dr. Campbell,". Opposite D. A. At well's
hardware store, Main street. 9:1 j.
SUBSCRIBE FOR THE
always rendered light, flaky, tender and di
r-x ... .... ,
gc5iioic. uumpungs maae wun it, Dakea
rxniea.wui te dainty and wholesome, and
Poe's Cottage at Pordham.
JOHN HENRY BONNER.
Here lived the soul enchanted
By melody of song;
Here dwelt the spirit haunted
By a demoniac throng;
Here sang tbe lis elated ; v
Here grief and death were sated ;
Here loved and here un mated -
Was he, so frail, so strong.
Here wintry winds and cheerless
The dying firelight blew,
While he whose song was peerless
Dreamed the drear midnight through,
And from dull emherschilling
Crept shadows darklyiilling
The silent place, and thrilling
His fancy as they grew.
Here, with brow bared to heaven,
In starry night he stood,
With the' lost star of seven
Feeling sad brotherhood,
Here in sobbing showers
Of dark autumnal hours
He heard suspected powers
Shriek through the stormv wiud.
From visions of Apollo
And the Astarte's bliss,
He gazed into tho hollow
And hopeless vale of Dis ;
And though earth were surrounded
By heaven, it still was mounded
With graves. His soul had sounded
The dolorous abyss.
Proud mad, but not defiant,
He touched at heaven and hell,
Fate found a rare soul pliant
And rung her changes well,
Alternately his lyre,
Stranded with strings of fire,
Led earth's most happy choir
Or flashed with Israel.
No singer of old story
Luting accustomed lays,
No harper for new glory,
No' mendicant for praise,
He struck high chords ami splendid,
Wherein were fiercely blended
Tones that unfinished ended
With his unfini -hed days.
Here through this bnvl portal,
Made sacred by his name,
The mortal went and came,
And fate that then denied him,
And envy that decried him,
And malice that belied him,
Have ceuotaphed his fame.
AX ADDRESS BY COL. ALBERT A. POPE, OF
Mr. President and Gentlemen :
Macauley says that of all inventions. I
he alphabet and printing press alone
excepted. thoseinventions which abridge
distance have done most f-r the civili
zation of our species.
A nation, or an age of civilization is
perhaps more easily judged and under
stood by the character and extensive-
ness of its roads, than by any othei
ymbol of progress.
Intercourse between communities,
the development of commercial
have afforded the necessity for
regularly adopted routes of travel, and
more or less systematically prepared
roadways from the time before tin
building of those famous highway-
between ancient Memphis and baby ton,
over which the untold wealth of the
valleys of the Euphrates and the Nile
found means of exchange, where the
magnificent cities of Nineveh, Dam as
ens and lvre. me earliest great com
i rai i i " i i
mercial centres, sprang up, and over
which the splendid armies ot Xerxes
and Alexander the Great passed in all
the pride and glory of those early days.
I he roadways of which the earliest
traces appear, were well constructed,
as is evident from the remains found,
but they were limited in number, laid
out generally in direct lines, and had
the advantage in their construction of
all the resources of the rich and power
ful nations which built them.
As the world has grown older, and
...... i -i ii
civilization has spread and ripened.
intercourse has increased, commerce Fifty years ago there was some ex
has pressed out its foot in every direc- cuse for bad roads, for our country was
tion, from every centre, multiplying
and ramifying its paths in as bewilder-
. . ,1 il , n i
m i ii - l . "ii
ing an extent as tne tu reads or tne
Various necessities and circumstances
. ... .
hare governed the building and main
tenance of roads, of different times and
The old countries where war has
been a constant factor, have looked
after them as a matter of national pol-
icy and military necessity, and have
resulted in the hnest and most durable
ways in the world.
The old military roads of the Roman
Empire constituted a system the supe- Good roads encourage the greater ex
rior of which-ihe world has never seen, change of products and commodities
in its scope, and the thoroughness with between one section and another.
which it was perfected in all direc- Good roads are of great value to rail
tions. The old ki world conquerors " r0ads as feeders.
were good road builders for their day,
though Blake crushers and the respect-
i m i . i l 1.
ive merits ot mninaa, ana rocK as-
phalts, and Wheeling fire brick, were
matters ot which tney never rireame.i;
and those or us wno nave bad occasion
to form intimate acquaintance with
American country roaas in spring, nave
more than once found ourselves in po-
sitions to heartily wish that some of having in view the betterment of State
.W 1 1 1 1- 111..." -1
the rural road maKers, wno worked out
their taxes by plowing up the mud from
the ditches, and plastering it over the
middle of the highways, had had some
good experience in the road gangs under
the centurians of Julius Caesar's army,
An eminent writer says: " lhe road
is that physical sign or symbol by which
you wijl best understand any age or
people. If they have no roads, they are
savages, for the road is the creation of
man, and the type of civilized soci-
Thp Romans were, without doubt,
the best road builders in the ancient gress of a national system,
world. The good "highways was one of j The following outline mav suggest
the causes of their superiority in progress some idea of a scheme in the right di
and civilization. When they conquer- j rection, which might be elaborated by
ed a province, they annexed it by good . some one better qualified and having
roads, which brought them in easy com- more time than I have at my command,
mnnication with the great cities of the j A commissioner of highways might
Roman world. When their territory , 1m? provided for, in the Agricultural
was so large Unit a hundred millions of Department, with a corps of consulting
people acknowledge ! their military and engineers, and suitable appropriations
political power, their capital city was made, for the prosecution of a general
the centre of such a net-work of high- .supervising work,
ways, that it was then a common say- Under the charge of this commission,
ing. "All ro ids 1 ad to Rome." (full systems of maps should be prepared.
The best roads in the world to-day j based largely perhaps upon the working
are those of England, France and Ger- j of the State and county boards, show
many, the excellence f which is due to j ing more or less completely, as circum
the fact, that those countries were the stances would permit, the'highways of
first to awakeu from the long sleep of the country.
the dark ages, and the growing rivalry ! For co-operation with this central
between them necessitated attention to ,
their roads, for the proper prosecution
of both tneir military and their mer-!
. i i r i ill
Canute interests, in eacn country tney
early came under the national surper
vision, t!i results of which are seer in
the most splendid highways in exist
ence, costing the least to maintain, and
in every way the most satisfactory and
economical for those who use them.
Up to the advent of railroads, most of
the settlements in this country were
along ouj wnter fronts, and on our sea
coasts, lakes and rivers. The invention
of steam and the development of the
railroad, seem to have taken all our en
ergies and resources, to the neglec; of
oar roads and highways, and now that
we have more miles of railway than the
whole of the Eastern Hemisphere, and
about all that we can make to pay, at
present, we can well afford to turn our
attentiou to the matter of highways in
which everybody should be interested,
for all who have to use them, rich and
poor alike, those that ride and those
No country has a greater road mile
age, in proportion to the population,
than the United Slates, but while with
characteristic American push and hur
ry, the mo.-t extensive means ot com
munication and intercourse have been
ii i rp ill
provided, we nave suuereu me cousc-
r I i O 1 L. .
ouence or a lick ot any general system
... . .
ot public policy, covering the location,
construction and maintenance of ways.
many a cast', where oi.e s way leads
.i ' i .i ii p : :
him tn rou 'li i lie Old larnnng regions
f New England and the M d lie States,
take occasion to do anything
but bless tho memory ot the frugal ear! v
settlers who, when the necessities of the
case seemed to demand that a road he
established for the convenience of the
public I ravel, each contributed a way
across his farm, laving perhaps over the
worst hill, and through the sandiest, or
the rockiest, or the wettest land, with a
view rather to economy of his best pas
tures, than the saving, in the years to
come, of the time and strength f the
Ur.ivdW obliwd to use it.
American roads are far lieh w the
average: they are certainly among tin
worst in the civilized world, and always
have been largely as a result of per
mitting local circumstances to deter
mine the location, with little or no re
gard for any general system, ana
haste, and waste, and ignorance in
Old post-road and turnpikes, in times
a Ft , i , i n re i l
no lurtner oacK man me war, anorueu
the only comfortable travel to be had
in manv parts of the country; nor
could the general badness of the roads.
bv any means, be attributed to a lack
0f the proper materials for their con
struction. Indeed, it often happens
that we find them the worst where nat
ural resources are the most abundant,
and the better roads are frequently
found where the natural conditions
were so bad that the ordinary crude and
wasteful expenditures were out of the
poor. Now it is rich, there is no excuse
i . , - . t i i
A good road is always to be desired,
and is a source of comfort and conveni
ence to everv traveller.
Good roads attract population, as well
t?ood schools and churches. Good
roads enhance the value of property, so
that it is said a farm lying hve miles
from market connected by a bad road
js Gf less value than an equally good
farm lying ten miles away from market
connected by a good road.
A larger load can be drawn by one
horse over a good, than by two over a
Various movements, already under
Way, in the direction of road improve-
. , i 1
ments, must have and already are nav-
ing their effect, in bringing about a
material raising ot the nverage quality.
The governors ot several btates nave
J made special and important references
I.. .. 1-
to it in their annual messages, and in
several States bills have been presented
highways, by regularly organized sys-
tenis of work, to be carried out under
the supervision of departments provided
by the State.
n Pennsylvania a general tax levy of
seven and one-half mills has been order-
ed bv the legislature, for road lmprove-
ments. The forces working to bring
about such results as this are powerful,
and increasing everv day.
I The high point to be aimed at, is the
recognition of the importance of the
whole situati n by the national govern-
merit, and the establishment bv Con
bureau and the prosecution of the work
in the most thorough and practical wav.
each State should b
commissioner, charged with the high-
ests of the State in the wav of main
taining its system of roads' under the
most approved methods and for the
general public welfare. The best prac
tical results could probably be attained,
by the division of the State into high
way districts, consisting of counties, or
perhaps townships, each of which should
have its overseer in full charge of the
opening and construction of new roads
in his district and the proper mainten
ance of all, responsible for the expendi
ture of the regular appropriations for
these purposes. These districts could
then le divide I itito smaller ones under
The importance and the value to any
country, any section, and every citizen
from tt-.e highest to the lowest, whether
tax-payers or tramps, of well construct
ed and properly maintained roads, is not
easily estimated, but clearly it is greater
than that of m my affairs which are
continually receiving the time and at
tention of the people in their homes.
counting-rooms, public meetings and
It is a matter to be considered side bv
side with our splendid and always im
proving system of public education, the
assessment of our tariff duties, or the
appropriations regularly made for river
nd harbor improvements.
But the question of the most partic
dar interest, to-day, to von and to me.
as manufacturers and merchants, in the
whole question of good and bad roads
is. irhat is the effect on our business?
Now it may be possible that there are
those who will think they see an ad
vantage for the carriage builder in poor
ro ids, where in traveling over hills that
might easily be avoided, going ten
miles to make five as the crow, flies,
pulling through mud and sand that
should be gravel and jolting over rocks
that might be macadam, the vehicles of
the unfortunate owners would go to
pieces in one-half the time they ought
to stand under favorable circumstances,
and necessitate the purchase of new
ones, to the advantage and profit of the
Hut a man who entertains such nn
idea would waste no time in killing his
soose to secure the last golden egg.
T . ill I I 1 1 1
it must be clear to any man with tne
most ordinary business instincts that
good roads mean thrift, liberality and
i . i
They mean good farms and
rynriA vnlmt in ra:i aaf nta TIiav mpntl
...... ,u 1 I . 1 . i , . . . , i , ........
fL.,f f La tmay. n;rt;r, fhoJr no. xvill
' U m i VII I'll 111' 1 WIIJ"J 111
ave t me go ng over them, will save
wear and tear,not only of his wagons,but
on his teams, will be a richer man on
account of them, and have the more
money to buy our carriages, running
into higher value, (while his sons and
daughters can have their bicycles and
tricycles at less expense), and his exam
ple must be followed by his neighbors.
Now you are honest manufacturers,
and have no desire to have your vehicles
wear out quickly, that they may be
sooner replaced, but you believe, I doubt
not, that the better the vehicle the
longer it lasts, the better business and
profit will come to you
Good roads mean for you and for me
better business. Good roads encourage
riding and driving, and the tale of our
vehicles, while bad roads mean less nns-
ness for you and for roe, for where the
roads are bad the traffic must of neces
sity be much less.
As a nation we are remarkably pa-
tient and an easy-going people, con-
sidering the enterprise and business
activity for which we are noted the
world over, and rather too apt to fall
into the way of doing things as a mat-
ter of course. As a result of this, very
strenuous and continuous efforts are
frequently necessary, to bring about
the farthest reaching and most desir-
tble reforms. From a business, point
of view, we cannot afford to neglect
:mv onnortunitv to help along the pres -
a - -
A an instance of what is beine done,
see the work of the League of Ameri- 1 straight up to the uvula without break
can Wheelmen, in the appointment of or deviation and very distinctly mark
its highway committer, the issuing of ed. Now, a Jersey cow carrying all
road books and map-, tho pressing for- ' the above mark should be a good one,
ward of legislative bills, and lately in ' yet all signs fail sometimes. I ha,ve
the publication of a comprehensive lit- cows taking in many of these points,
tie manual on the making and care of and still they are excellent butter cows,
good roads, a copy of which I shall be There is onfy oue infallible test of a
glad to have forwarded to any one who 1 good cow, and that is the churn and
may care to send me his address. ; scales. If they show the right quan-
Wcrk of this sort can well and profit- tity of butter aud milk hen the cow is
ablv be undertaken by the Carrisige all right: if not, and all other indica-
Builders' National Association. With Hons are present, they count for no
all the great resources at your command thing, except, pet haps, that the cow
vou cannot afford not to divert a small
oercentuze each year, begiuning right
now. toward helping along in the good
work, and it impresses itself upon me
most strongly as a part of your most
urgent duty toward yourselves, to ap
point at once, if you have not already
done so, your committee on highwi ys,
clothing them with power to do some
practical work, and giving them under
reasonable limitations, nt least, the ap
proach to your treasury. A moderate
amonut of money judiciously expended
in educating the people up to' their needs
and let interests, in snowing them
how tiieir roads are, and how they
ought to le, and how to go to work
to make them so, could not be put out
at better interest. I am credibly in
formed that within one hundred miles
of this building the capital invested in
the carriage industry amounts to seven
million dollars; and the interest which I
informally represent to you is a true
branch of this v;.st industry. The manu
facture and s.d' of carriages to be drawn
by horses and the manufacture of car
riages to be impelled by the rider is es
sentially one and the same. Tfce char
acter of the motive power cannot of
course change the character of the ve
hicle. We, who manufacture bicycles,
feel that we have a right to fraterniza
tion with you. We seek fellow?diip
with you iu your effoits to improve the
travelling vehicles of the country 4iud
the roadways by the improvement in
which our interests as manufacturers
and the people's prosperity and happi
ness are to be enlarged.
The bicycle interest is young in years,
but it has already become a large one.
As an industry, it ranks among the fine
arts, while the magnitude of the busi
ness and the number of the vehicles
made and sold yearly would, we fancy,
btra matter of surprise to yome of you
and of amazement to the public at
I need not say to this convention,
that we who construct these delicate
carriages propelled by human power
are intensely interested in the improve
ment of the country's roadways, even
as you who manufacture wagons and
carriages of the lighter and more ele
gant sort. It is true, that in a certain
sense the bicycler is not so dependent
as the man who drives his carriage or
road-wagon on the quality of the road
way, for he can pick his way with
much greater facility. W herever there
is a hand's-width of level way there he
can easily pass. He can turn from left
to right with wonderful ease and quick
ness. He can even take to the side
walk and so escape manv ill-condition
ed places which the driver of carriages
cannot. Nevertheless, I feel that our
interests and yours in good roadways
are equal uud identical, and 1 am here
to pledge our heartiest co-operation
with you in any practical measure
looking to the improvement of the
roadways of the country.
The history of carriage building and
the history of the development of this
country alike confirm the truth which
1 have tried to impress, namely, that
improvement in roads leads to and pre
cedes the use of better and higher
grade vehicles, and especially induces
the use of pleasure carnages.
It does not need argument or illus
tration to persuade you that more roads
means more carriages. Where now go
saddle-horse and mule-van in wide re
gions of this great country, ought to
be seen the carriage and the bicycle.
If local communities and the general
PllbllC Ollgllt tO DG
interested in this
. - ' . . i
I SUUJ ,ow luuuu mu'?
Association, everv member of which
not only has this same interest, but a
special commercial inducement in the
I hope to live to see the time when
all over the laud, our cities, towns and
villages shall be connected by as good
roads as can be found in the civilized
world, and if we shall have been in
strumental in bringing about this re
sult, then indeed shall our children
have cause to bless us.
Picking a Good Jersey.
A. R. West, of Middletown, Pa.,
: wants rules to pick a good butter and
milk cow of the Jersey breed. I
know of no inf allibla rules for salect-
mg cows; but in a general way it may
be said that a good Jersey cow is about
the opposite in appearance of a beef
amin-il. lhe neck snould bo thin, tne
' face dished, the eyes large, gwitle look-
ing and wide apart, the horns small
and if yellow- at the base all the better,
the thighs sloping in, not straight
down like the Shorthorn, the udder
square, soft, with not much " meat" in
it, the teats of medium length and well
placed, the barrel larger holding a big
lot of feed, the skin soft and flexible,
j the hair soft and silky, disposition very
; gantle, size medium, and a general look
' of "motherhood" and "business"
j about her. The escutcheon or milk
mirror that I prefer is about two
inches wide, running from tho udder
m iv have good calves, as sometimes the
loo I qualities may slip one generation
and deseend in full force oft the nexf .
Coining to Grief.
Public sentiment hits so crystal ized
against the trust in this country that
it has become only a question of time,
and that very no distant time, either,
when it must go, and go for good.
One' year ago a lender ns high in the
councils of the Republican party as
James G. Blaine, d -t tared in his public
speeches that "trusts were largely pri
vate enterprises with which the public T
had nothing to do," and this assertion
was tacitly assented to if not openly
endorsed by other distinguished
leaders in the same party, not one of
whom was found to condemn them.
Now not one of these haulers from
James G. Blaine down rould be found
bold enough to endorse them, not that
they are now hostile to the trusts
which ;hi?y then tacitly r openly" en
dorsed, but because they hare seen the
drift of public sentiment and they are
too politic and prudent to put tliemsel-"
ves in opposition to it - ;
Sherman took position ageinst whem
ou the stump in Ohio, hoping thus to
protect his party and retain the sup
port of the anti-trust men. Mot hie
change of front eame too late to have
the effect he hoped for, and the party
In Iowa Senator Allison did the
same thing, vainly endeavored at the
same time to throw dust into the eyes
of the people and humbug them into
the belief that the high protective tar
iff, of which he is an advocate, was
rather unfavorable than favorable to
the fostering of trusts. But it didn't
work in that State either, which elected
a Democratic Governor for the first
time in thirty years, and came so near
electing a legislature that Allison will
retain his seat in the Senate, if indeed
he be elected, by the skin of his teeth,
Heretofore Iowa has been regarded as
an impregnable Republican stronghold,
wnere tne iota or auemocratic victory
was regarded as absurd, and Democrats
were laughed at for keeping up their
Even in Kansas, "Bleeding Kansas,
where Democrats felt lonesome for
ant of goxl, honest society, Senator
Ingalls, who parts his h: ir in the mid
dle, and flies off at a tangent on the
lightest provocation, or sometimes
without provocation at all, felt con-
straiued to write to a friend to say
that "trusts formed for the purpose of
raising the price on the necessar'ei of
life committed a crime against society
and should be sevc,elypuni8hed.,,
These are all typical Republicans,
whose sudden conversion and change
of front is a striking index of the
change of public sentiment on the
But another forcible illustrated is the
change of front in some of the trusts
themselves. The cotton seed oil trust,
at a meeting of stockholders and di
rectors recently, after a cat and parrot
time over its affairs and the squander
ing of some 8500,000 to buy up the
surplus oil eu the market and thus
keep up the price of the stocks of tne
trust, resolved to go out of .business,
to shut up shop as a trust and open un
at the same old stand as a joint stock
company, this ruse being adopted to
get around the present or anticipated
hostile legislation against trusts. This
dodge m.iy wot k for a while, while the
Keople are engaged in cracking the
eads of the trusts which don't crawl
into a hole.
But perhaps one of the most signifi
cant events as bearing upon the trust
is the affirmation of the Supreme
Court of New York sustaining the
order of Judge Barrett annulling the
charters of the North River Sugar Re
fining Company, a case which has gone
through the -regular course of the
sugar trust in that State. The Su
preme Court holds that "any "agree
ment, combination, association, or ar
rangement, or whatever else it may be
called, having for its object the remov
al of competition and the advancement
of the prices of the necessaries of life,
is subject to the condemnation of the
law, by which it is denounced as a
criminal enterprise." This settles the
legal status of the sugar trust, and of
all the other trusts in that State hav
ing for their obiect the "removal ol
competition and the advancement of
the prices of the necessaries of life,"
and covers the stock company dodge
quite as effectually as it does the trust
in its own proper name, lhe people
are getting on top, and the trust is
c nning down.
THE UNIVERSAL VERDICT OF TUB
Who have used Clarke's Extract o
Flax (Papillion) Skin Cubk award trtho
riMST and uionKST place as a remedial
agent in all cases of Skin Diseases. Er
si pel as, Ectema, Pimples unsightly blotch
es, humiliating eruptions, Boils, Carbnn
clea, Tetter, etc., all yield t this wonder
ful preparation at once. Price f 1.00 lor a
large bottle "at Jno. II. Ennisa' drug store.
Clarke's Flax Sap is good lor the Skin.
Try it. Price 25 cents.
Idaho Territory has two thousand
miles of irrigating ditches,
3 ucklen's Arnica Salve.
TiK Bust Salve in the world for Cots,
Bruises, Sore, Ulcers, Salt Uhcum. Ffjver-
Sores, Tctte. ('tupped Hands, CbilMaina
Corns, and all Eruptions. and positive
ly cures Piles, or no pay required. It ia
guaranteed to jive perfect satisfaction, op
inonev refnnded. Price 25 cents pes bu,
Fi r&tlebv Klattz&Co.