page has errors
The date, title, or page description is wrong
This page has harmful content
This page contains sensitive or offensive material
Click "Submit" to request a review of this page.
0 / 75
VOL. XXI.--THIIID SERIES.
SALISBURY, N. C. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1889.
Voice of the Press.
Richmond & Danville Railroad.
IN EFFECT NOV. 24, 1U89.
uss KUN By 75 Meridian Time
Lr. lie Vorlc
it is a m I Vm p aT
9 4.1 ' 25 M
11 u " 11 oo
3 30 P II 3 00 A M
5 40 44 6 07 44
8 io ' 7 45
3 OC M i .
6 05 44 4 29 44
5 4 .1 . " 5 OS '
6 40 4- S 05
10 27 ' 9 42 44
M SO 44 t5W fM
40 9 00 P M
4 45 44 1 0 A M
5 48 2 55 f
S SO . 7 89
ta 30 " 6 30
10 37 9 50 44
12 26 AM ill?
2 01 44 '12 12 P M
T 31 4 36 "
23 6 10 "
12 32 " 11 23 AM
2 05 ' 12 40 P M.
4 51 3 38
ft M " 4 11 "
1 1 00 40 -"I
40 AM 'IN P M
ft 30 M t
10 30 44 9 00
STQ. 51. NO. 537T
6 10 P M S 50 A M
10 35 44 12 50 p M
3 13 A M 5 15 "
I "6 00 P M 7 10 A M
18 35 A M 1 48 P M
1 39 " 2 5 44
4 '25 44 r 30
6-02 44 7 05 P M
70 P M '12 28 P M
41 " 1 54
3 15 AM 5 5S
4 80 44 6 43
6 07 44 7 12 "
7 45 -40 44
11 40 44 il2 3o A M
9 45 44 11 00 P M
12 01 P M ,5 OO A M
1 05 - 44 7 45
SI 05 t9 00 A M-
3O0 " " 1 12 50 P M
7 50 A M -; 8 50 P M
9 3i A M lo 2o P M
12 20 p M I 50 A M
1 IS 44 2 40 4'
3 "0 44 5 15 44
518 95 P M 512 r-5 44
2 40 3 00 ' "
7 10 44 6 5M "
8 10 tS 20 44
3 00 AM, lO 47
C 20 44 1 20 P M
rv BoWsboro .
" uot seringa
. s iiwiuiry .
Lt. Hot springs
,JU". Danville -
" in -hmonrl
" New York
t Dally, except Sunday.
Train for KaP lgh via ClurfcsvtlU- leave Miclimond
dally. 3 P. M.: Keysvllle, s.oo P.M.; arrives Clarfcs-
vilie, T.?ri I . m ; uxror i, s.25 v. m .; Mpn(ierson.9.4
V. M.; arrives Durham lo.;o p. m.: Raleigh 11.20 pm.
Returning leaves Kalelgh 7.oo A. M .; Durham,
0.10, A.M.; Henderson, 8 3o A. M.; Oxford, 9.45 A.
M ; Clarkesvllle, lo 55 A. M ; Kej iivllle, 1245 P.M.;
arrives RICH mono, s.So-P.-M.
Tli'outrii pissenger coach dally between ILich-
mona and Raleigh via .Keysvllle, leaving Richmond
s.oo p ra.. and returning leave Raleigh t 35 a. in.
I.O 'al tnlxe I trains leave Durham dally except
WHMiay, s.ho r. v.; arrive Kevsvuie, t.sr.. a. y.: re-
turnlne.Jeave KeysvlHe.JM'O. A. M.: arriving: Dur-
liam. 3 so p. jn . i.'aielgh H. so p.m Passenger coach
No 51 and 5.1 connects at l.'lchmonrt rtallv extent
Sunday for West rolut and Baltlm'cre via York ldv-
er Line : -
i No. 50 from West, Point, connects dally except
jwnaay at Ktcnmnna with no. so for the soutr .
N'o. 5o and 51 connects at :oldsboro with trains
f to and from Moreheart City and Wilmington. And
At Seima Xn and from Fayef tevlllc.
JJo.51 connects at fJreens"h"ro for Fayettevllle.
No. 53 connects at Selma for Wilson, N. C.
Nos. 5o-and 51 make close connection nt 1'nlver-
station with trains to and from Chapel Hill,
On train no 50 and M. Pullman Buffet sleeper
IMtweeo Atlanta aik V w York. Twnvtlle and Au
gusta, and Oreeusboro via Asueville to Morris-
town. Teun. ?
On trains s and 53, Pullman Buffet Sleeper be
tween Washington and New Orleans, via Montgom
ery: and between Washington and Birmingham.
Richmond and Greensboro. Raleigh and Grrcns-
boro, ml Pillmin Parlor I'ars 'lcr-vecn C'uarlot.i c
and Augusta, and Pullman Buffer. Sleeper between
Washington and Ashcvllle and Hot oprlnirs.
Through tickets on sale at principal station?, to
For rates and Information, applj to any agent of
me ijompany. or to
SOL HAAS. JAS. L. TAYLOR.
Truffle Manager. Gen. Pass. Agent.
W. A. TURK,
Dlv. Pass. Agent,
RALEIGH. N. C.
Eictanu and Danville Eailroai Co
W.N. C. Division
Passenger Train Schedule.
Effective May 13th, 1 S88 .
Train No. 62.
W est Hound.
Train Xoi 53.
a.m. Boston loao
p. m. NW York 3 20
Philadelphia 12 35
Baltimore 10 03
a.m. Lynchburg 2 10
S IS a.m. Greensboro
9 50 p. m.
Salisbury T 10
Catawba 5 83
Newton 5 67
Hickory 5 17
Connelly Springs 145
Morganton 4 30
Gleji Alpine 4 17
Marlon 3 44
Old Kott 3. 13
Round Knob -135
Black Mountain;' i 00
Ashe vllle 1 1 25
Alexanders 12 46
Marshall " 12 19
Hot Springs . 11 40
p. m. Hot Spiings
a. m. lx)ulsvllle
il 10 a.m. Indianapolis
" W p. m. Chicago
1 5o ,gt. Paul
l p. m. St. Louis
J lo a. m. Ksn8isClty
Dally except SUNDAY
-TRAIN jjo IS TRAIN NO 17
m Loav'e Asheville Arr 4 50 p. m.
tir. rr waynesvuie .... 2 3
pni Charleston ..' inisa.m
. . Leave 7 30
A. & S. Road. -..
Dally except SUNDAY
Wain no u train no n
m Leave Spartanburg Arrive 2 10 p. m
Arrive llendersonvllle 9 58a. m
Asueville Leave siq
'm ,i llu?,'1(lian time used to Hot Springs.
Pun,,, ., .. wpm. of not springs.
wnan Sleeper sbetweea Washington &. Salisbury
Riclimond & (Jiceosboro
Rarelgh & (.'reensboro
"- ' , - .. KnoxVille .fe Ixiuisvitle
Parlorf;ars .. salisburj & KnoxvlUe
0S. L. TAYLOR, C. p, A.
g, W. A. V, liJl Ifi. ACl g 1. 1'. A
THIS PAPFP '"urn. n flto ut Gem I
A'ivrrtui r,IL K R"w ;i & Co s Kamraaur -i
Vui-T... B K Uur.""a(10 8irico St), wh-re aUv.-rl LsIhs
a',- Ul4y lw wade l. i: IN YOii.
n l a m
Ax 11 it IMI
Iff 5 7
. 4 SI
1 4 10
Lv. 5 40
Ar. T so
This powder never varies. A raarvelof .mruy
strength. and wholesomeness. More, economical
tl)antheor(llnnrvklH(ls, and cannot be sold in
competition with the multitude oflow tost, short
weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold only in
cans. Royal Baking Powdxk Co. .10c W allst. N
For sale by Binliani & Ca. , Young & Bos-
tianaiul .N. J'. Alurpliy."
Most women naturally look forward tb
matrimony as their nroocr SDhere in life, but
-they should constantly bear In mind that a
fair, rosy tace, on gut -eyes, ana a neaitny,
well-developed for in, are -tho best passports
to a harpy marriage. All those wasting: dis
orders. Jtfeaknesscs, and functional irregulari--ties
peculiar to their sex, destroy beauty
and attractiveness and make life miserable.
An uufailitig specific for these maladies is to
be found in Dr. Pierce's Favjorite Prescription.
It is the only medicine for women, sold by
druggists, under a positive guarantee
from the manufacturers, that it will give
satisfaction in every case, or money will be re
funded. This guarantee has been printed on
the bottle-wrapier3, and faithfully carried
out for many years. 81.00 per Bottle, or Six
Bottles for 5.00.
Copyright, 1533, by WORLD'S DlS. Med. Ass'K.
DR. PIERSE'S PELLETS
Purely Vegetable I
Perfectly Harmless I
UNEQUAXED AS A LIVER PILE.
Smallest, Cheapest, Easiest to take.
One tiny, Sugar-coatod Pellet a dose. Cures
Bick Headache, Bilious Headache, Constipa
tion, Indigestion, Bilious Attacks, and all de
ranirements of the- Stomach and Bowels.
25 cents a vial, by druggists.
i'4&$fS3i "ii Trv-iv1
D. A. ATWELL'S
. HARDWARE STORE,
Where a full line of goods in his Hue, may
always be found.
For sale by JNO. H. ENNISS, Druggist.
ERR CUA1GE. L. II. CLEMENT
CRAIGE & CLEMENT,
A.ttoriicvs 1 Xj aw
Salisbury, N. 0.
Feb. 3rd, 1881
p. J. 0. McCUBBINS,
Salisbury, - - N. 0.
O.Tiee in Cole building, second" flour, next to
Dr. Campbell Opposite D. A. Atwell's
hardware .store, Main street. J:Jy.
8UI3SCIUI3E FOR THE
'I. in 11 ! ii ! l i m l w .i-ia
riv gfcfg ere
Alone in the City.
Alone in the city!
The wonderful city!
Jji the throngs passed by,
Such an atom am I;
The wonderful city!
With no one to pity,
Or care, if I die.
Alone in the city,
The beautiful city!
With its millions untold
Of silver and gold;
Alone in the citv,
With no one to pity
The ueed I unfold.
Alone in the city,
The hurrying city!
With .selfish ness rife.
What matters a life?
Alone in the city,
There's no t ime to pity
Who falls in the strife.
Alone in the city,
lu its circles of case.
Every thought is to please.
Alone in the city,
'Tis foolish to pity,
A soul at your knees.
Alone in the city.
The wearisome city!
Turn not, and revile,
Though I hunger the while,
Alone in the city.
And beg for sweet pity
I ask but a smile!
Birch Arnold, in Chicago Herald.
Stock Feeding;, as Practiced in North
By F. B. Dancy, First Assistant Chemist N. G.
Tt was stated in Bulletin No. 64, the
Station sent out to farmers in all sec
tions of the State blank forms to be
rilled out, giving the amount of rations
fed to the various farm animals per
day. It was hoped, in this way, to ob
tain some insight into the question r.s
to whether, as a rule, our farmers were
under-feeding or over-feeding. The
effort was disappointing, in that, by
reason of the small percentage of an
swers received, and the ineagreness and
insufficiency we were not supplied with
sufficient data to arrive at tiny very
reliable conclusion on the subject. It
is dangerous to generalize from -too
small data. However, we shall pro
ceed to nve what information was de
rived in this way, and while cautioning
against placing too much significance
in the results of such meagre returns,
will say that we do not . onsidcr f hem
entirely without valuable teachings.
The first tiling, then, that we are
struck with in glancing over the re
turns is how pie-eminently Indian corn
is the tedder of the .North Carolina
farup-r. In thevast majority of the
rations corn fodder (more properly corn
stover see Bulletia 61, p. 1(3) is the
frame-work of the ration, and corn
( tne grain ns tne albuminoid rurnisiicr.
The ration is made up of so much corn
fodder, or the same amount of hay, or
of the same amount of a mixture of
the two. Most of the hay bought ant
used by the North Carolina farmer is
probably timothy. Many cut their
own mixed meadow hay. By reference
to Table II, Bulletin 04, it will be ob
served that while there is a difference
in the analyses of corn stover, timothy
hay, and mixed meadow hay, the differ
ence is not considerable. Look in
the digestible nutrients (or, as this pre
sents it more in a utitsuell, looking a
the nutritive ratios of the three), i
will be observed that corn stover is the
weaker of the three; but as the ordi
nary corn fodder of our North Caro
lina farmer is probably a fraction bet
ter food-stuff than the corn stover here
given, due to the absence generally o
the stalk which is included in t
fstovcr, there is no very material differ
ence in the three. In view of this
fact, therefore, and especially as they
arc in practice given interchangeably
its evidenced in the various rations re
ported in the return8, we will conside
them as cqaul, weight for weight, in
comDarin: and averaerinr tne various
Next to corn comes oats as the grain
fodder. Ia the great majority of the
returns, corn and oats are given inter
changeably, seeming to be generally
regarded as equal, pound for pound.
One or two instances were noticed
where, in replacing corn with oats in
the same ration, more oats were used
than corn. By referring to the table
alluded to above, it will be seen that
while corn is a trifle richer in digestible
albuminoids than oats (8.08 per cent,
for com and 8:46 percent for oats), this
this difference is not material, and two
grains may be regarded as practically
equal in their albuminoid-furnishing
power. In the analysis, corn shows
considerably more tligestible carbohy
drate equivalence (see Bullentin 64)
than oats, and their nutritive ratios
are, respectively, 1:8.9 and 1:6.6. To
day a pound of oats is worth a frac
tion more than a pound of corn, but
values vary according to supply and
demand, and both by analysis and by
experience it is quite right for practi
cal purposes to consider them as equal
fodders, pound for pound, and to use
them interchangeably in a ration.
They are also considered in comparing
and averaging the various rations fur
nished in the returns.
The plan adopted, then, is this: The
grain part of the ration is in each case
brought to a corn basis, and the frame
work of the ration is in each case
brought to a hay or a corf-fodder ba
sis, the latter two hving taken a equal.
0.;ts aiv, for the re;uJiis given above.
converted into corn, weight for weight.
toe percentage or oiner-grains given
in the returns is so smsfll ?that thev
have v,een omitted. Where clover hay
or orchard grass were given in a ration
they have been converted into hay or
corn fodder by increasing the weights
in proportion, approximately to the
relati-ve value of the two fodders, as
shown by analysis. So, also, it being a
poorer fodder, has been converted into
hay by reducing the weight in the same
wav. By this means all the rations
urnished by the returns have been
converted to a basis of corn grain)
with hay or with corn fodder, and
hereby we are better enabled to com-
are them, and to average them. As
so many of the rations were already
given in corn and hay or fodder, the
n umber of such conversions were few.
The returns were fn'lert as to horses
of light, ordinary and heavy work, and
mules of ordinary and heavy work.
Oxen of ordinary or heavy work, and
fattening or at rest, were more scantily
reDorted. It is to be especial I v regret
ted that the returns could not have
nore complete as to milk cows, though
they were better reported thau oxen.
The return for sheep and hogs trere
so small that no comparison or average
of these will be attempted.
Before giving the review of the re
urns it may prove convenient to pre
sent, in tabular form, the comparison
letwcen the weights and measures of
bushel of corn weijjhs 5G pounds.
1 gallon ol corn weighs
gallons of corn weighs 10$
1 quart ot corn weighs 1J
bushel of oats weighs 32
1 gallon of oats weighs 4
quart of oats weighs 1 pound.
bushel of corn meal weighs 50 pounds.
gallon of corn meal weighs 61 44
1 bushel of wheat weighs GO pounds.
1 bushel of rye weighs 56 pounds.
bushel of barley w eighs 48 pounds.
The returns showed the following:
Hoisen Of light work, dailv ration:
highest 174 lbs. corn and 10 lbs. fod
der or hay; lowest G lbs. corn and 0
lbs. fodder or hay.
Average daily ration, 10 t-12 lbs.
corn and y y-io lbs. louder or hay.
Of ordinary work, daily ration:
highest, 22 lbs. corn and 12 lbs. fodder
or hay; lowest, Gi lbs. corn and 14 lbs.
fodder or nay.
Average daily rations, 124 lbs. corn
and 11 lbs fodder or hay.
Or heavy work, daily ration: high-
I S"4 1 l l ' i -to II t 11
esi . i ft ins. corn ami iz los KKidPr or
bay; lowest, 7 lbs. corn and 12 !bs. fod-
ler or hay.
Average daily ration, 17 lbs. corn
and 12 lbs. fodder or hay.
Mules Of ordinary work, daily ra
tion: highest, 22 lbs. corn and 12 lbs.
fodder or hay; lowest 4 lbs. corn and
0 lbs. fodder or hay.
Average daily ration, 10 lbs. corn
and y lbs. fodder or hay.
Of heavy work, daily ration: high
est, 274 lbs. corn and 12 lbs. fodder or
hav; lowest 6 lbs. corn and 6 lbs. fod
der or hay.
. Average daily ration, 14 lbs. corn
and 6 lbs. fodder or hay.
Oxen At rest: too tew rations lor
oxen at resi were reported as to useless
for the purpose of drawing any con
clusion. It would seem to indicate
eilher than it is rare to allow an oxen
to rest, or that, when one is so permit
ted to eniov such a state or innocu
ous desuetude " he is not considered
worthy of any ration at all. The few
that were reported showed about 6 lbs.
corn and 12 lbs. fodder or hay
Ordinary work, daily ration: highest,
12 lbs. corn and 25 lbs fodder or hay;
lowest, Oj lbs. corn and 5 lbs. hay
Average daily ration, y l-o lbs corn
and 13i lbs fodder or hay.
Heavy work, daily ration: highest,
18 lbs. corn and 30 lbs. fodder or hay;
lowest, 7 lbs. corn and 12 lbs. fodder or
Average daily ration. 14 lbs. corn
and 164 lbs. fodder or hay.
Fattening, daily ration: highest, 21
lbs. corn and 15 lbs. fodder or hay;
lowest, 12 lbs. corn and 12 lbs. fodder
Average daily ration, 17 lbs. corn
and Yl lbs. fodder or hay.
Milk Cows Daily ration: highest 20
lbs. corn and 20 lbs. fodder or hay;
lowest, 6 lbs. ecru and 6 lbs. fodder or
hav, and 4 lbs. corn and 16 lbs. fodder
Average daily ration: 12 lbs. corn
and 2 lbs. fodder or hay.
The returns as to sheep and hogs
were too maegre for use. Hogs, for
fattening, seem to receive an average
daily ration of a fraction over 12 lb.
corn, the minimum report being 6 lbs.
and the maximum 40!
Now, when we endeavor to make a
ration on scientific principles, with
only corn and corn fodder, or, say, only
corii and hay, we are immediately con
fronted with a very important fact,
namely: that in making a ration with
these two fodders alone, there is a great
waste of carbohydrate equivalence.
The returns show how very common
almost universal a practice it is
with "farmers to feed a ration contain
ing only these two fodders. It is a
very bad economy, and there is un
doubtedly great waste. The lesson is,
that he should always have on hand, to
go in his ration, some fodder that has a
lurge percentage of albuminoids as
compared with its carbohydrate equiv
alence, so that with it he can increase
the percentage of albuminoids in his
n without increasing ins carrxmy-
e equivalence ia such tin alunning-
ly wasteful manner. The percentage
of albuminoids as compared with the
percentage of carbohydrates (the nu
tritive ratio, in other words,) in both
corn and hay (or stover), is eutirely
too small for these two fodders to ever
lie used alone in compounding a ration.
To illustrate: Suppose we try to com
pound a ration for an average horse
(1,000 lbs. weight) of light work,
using com and timothy hay alone.
-Table I, Bulletin 64, shows that such
a horse requires 1.50 lbs. digestible
albuminoids and 10.50 lbs. digestible
carbohydrate equivalence. Turn next
to Table II, and it will be seen that
timothy hay contains 3.67 per cent, of
albuminoids and 43.83 per cent, of car
bohydrate equivalence; and that corn
contains 8.58 per cent, of albuminoids
and 76.42 per cent, of carbohydrate
equivalence. Now. to begin the ration,
take, s y 20 lbs of hay; 20 lbs. of hay
will furnish 0.74 lbs. of digestible albu
minoids (20 lbs x .0367) and 8.77 lbs.
of digestible carbohydrate equivalence
(20 lbs. x .4383). Now, sufficient
corn must be taken to furnish enough
albuminoid, iu addition to that fur
nished by the hay, to foot up 1.50 lbs.,
or very near it, 1.50 lbs being as has
been shown, the daily need or albumi
noids on the part of a horse of 1,000
lbs. weight at light work. Nine lbs.
of com will do this, and no less. But
at the same time that it does this, it
supplies, also, an amount of carbohy
drate equivalence which, when added
to the carbohydrate equivalence fur
nished by the 20 lbs. ot hav in the ra
tion, is far in excess of the needs
(10.50 lbs.) of the horse. Try as we
may, by all sorts of combinations of
varying proportions of hay and corn,
we cannot avoid this. It is due to the
compositions of the fodders themsel
ves: their nutritive ratios are too small,
and we eannot alter such a result, un-
ess we could alter the composition of
the fodders themselves. This is, of.
course, impossible, bnt it is quite possi
ble to effect the same result in another
way. That is, by adding, in proper
quantities, some other fodder having a
high nutritive ratio; or having a large
percentage of albuminoids as compared
with its percentage of carbohydrate
eq 1 1 1 v a l e n ce . 11 e re a re rat i on s i or h orses
at light, ordinary and hard work, com
pounded by using corn and hay alone:
Horse of light work: looo lbs welsrht. per day.
20 lbs hay. o.U 8.77
y lbs oorn, o.77 6.8i
Horse of ordinary work: looo lbs, weight, per day.
2o lbs hay, o.7S7 8 77
a urn in in. caro.eq.
12 los corn, 1.029 9.17
norse of heavy work: looo lbs, weight, per day,
3o lbs hay! . l.lol 13.15
20 lbs corn. 1.716 15.28
2. 1 7
See what a
great loss of carbohy
drate equivalence there occurrs when
they are added in sufficient quantities
to bring the albuminoids up to the re
quirements of the the standaid. In
the third case that of the horse of
heavy work it will be observed that
the 20 lbs. of corn alone furnished
enough carbohydrate equivalence, and
therefore the entire carbohydate
eqivaleiice of the hay is wasted. Be
sides this, the above ration is objec
tionable on account of the bulk of
food given to supply the proper
amount of nutrients. From 20 to 25
pounds of hay is sufficient for a horse's
daily ration. More than this is too
much bulk, and the horse will most
likely refuse it.
Now, see how, by calling in the ser
vices of a little cotton-seed meal, or
other concentrated food, the situation
is relieved. It is not proposed here to
enter into a discussion ot the advisa
bility of feeding cotton-seed meal to a
horse. We use it in making this ra
tion to illustrate the principle sought
be elucidated, namely, the uecessity of
incorporating some concentrated fod
der in the ration having n hifch en
tent of albuminoids, with a compara
tively low content of carbohydrate
equivalence. We invite the opinions
of farmers based on their experience, as
to the use of cotton-seed meal, in con
nection with corn and hay or corn fod
der, lor horses. No objection to it is
apparent theoretically. Turn to the
analysis of cotton-seed meal. Take ra
tion': above (horse of heavy work),
for it needs bettering more than either
of the others, change the proportions
somewhat, bring in some cotton seed
meal, and the following ration is
21 lbs hay furnishes o.77 lbs
5 lbs corn furnishes o. lbs.
4,yiUheolton seed meal furnishes 1.61 lbs.
i vs: l s.
2. so lbs.
Now, what is the money value of
this waste of carbohydrate equivalence,
provided the ration can be fed? Com
is worth,- in the Raleigh mar
ket to-day (September), about 60 cents
per bushel, oats 37 cents, cotton seed
meal $21 per ton, and timothy hay
$17 per ton. Or, all iu tons and
Corn, t on,
CGiuu--cd meal, ton,
TL-iotiiy 1 or, t.-n.
Take the first d lily
of heavy work, usiii
23.oo: ixiunJ. O.U1I5
ration for hor-e
' Cost of ration, $ b.47
Take the second daily ration, using
corn, cottoiifseed meal and hay:
21 lbs hay
5 lbs corn at
4 lbs cotton seed meal at
The first daily ration cost 47 cents, 1
the sec ;d 28 6-10 cents: the difference
is the caibolrvdrate equivalence wasted
oy using oaly a one gr
ig only a one grain ration. Six-
ty per cent, of the cost of the first ra
tion is saved hv using the second!
Is not the lesson very clear? Do
not the fanners see that if they use a
greater variety of fodders iu their ra
tions, instead of corn and hav only, or
com and fodder only, as is the practice
now, that a great waste of food mate
rial will lx? avoided? If they can be
brought to see this, the aim of this ar
ticle, and those to follow, will not be
In the same way that those dispro
portionate rations above given for
horses of light, ordinary and heavy
work were formed, using only com and
hay or fodder, any one who desires to
compare them with the rations actual
ly giveu in the returns, can form thera
for mules, oxen, cows, &c. But not
much is to be learned from the ucom
parison of such rations. The great
lesson sought to he emphasized is, that
we must look to a greater diversity for
food-stuffs in our barns, and wean our
selves from the old-time habit of feed
ing a ration of only corn and hay or
fodder. In this view of the matter,
and as long as this practice continues,
the fanners of North Carolina may
surely be said to be over-feeding. As
far as can be judged by the returns,
looking at the actual rations fed (corn
and hay only), it would seern that
while the corn ration is about adequate
in :dl cases, the amount of hay in the
ration is uniformly low.
fin practice it will be found that the
horse will hardly eat such a large ration.
The figures above are given for sake of
illustration in reaching the required
quantity of albuminoids.
To the People of North Carolina.
Unsolicited and unexpected on my
part, I have been elected by the exec
utive committee of the "Confederate
Veterans' Association" of North Car
olina an agent to make a canvass of the
State in behalf of a "Soldiers' Home."
Now, I am aware that I have under
taken a big job.
I want your endorsement; I want
your sympathy; I want a small amount
of your means. 1 hope no one will
say it is not convenient for me to give
now." If we are not .villiug to make
some sacrifice, if not willing to sacrifice
some luxury for this cause, but must
wait until it is convenient to give the
aid, then let the cry at once be made
in North Carolina, "To your tents Oh
This call is a broad one; it is not
bound by religious or political lines
but appeals to the humane of every
sect of political party. "We do not
despise the day of small things." Small
sums will be appreciated.
"There. is that scattereth and yet in
creaseth; and there is that withholdeth
more than is meet, but tendeth to pov
erty. Let the home have one-half
of what you intended for your Christ
mas. It has been reported to the commit
tee that there are at least 28 ex-Con
federate soldiers now in the county
poor houses in North Carolina, and
they have not received reports from
all the counties. These things ought
not to be.
Might not these 28 and others say
44 we are here in obedience to the call
of North Carolina" made in 1861 and
May it not be true that these 28
were in the charge on many battle
fields in those days that tried men's
May it not be true that some at least
of the 28 were seen bv us in those
dreadful c a-ges made at Gettysburg in
Will North Carolina let them suffer
fur scant necessary comforts as their
sun is going down the Western hiil of
1 fe? I think not.
Now I appeal to every man of soul
m Aorth Carolina to Help us in some
way. Especially do I appeal to the
ladies of North Carolina for help. If
you can't give money give kind words
and show iu other ways, your interest
for the cause.
In order to make the convass with
as little expense as possible, all reduc
tion in fare at hotels, boarding houses
or iu transportation from one town to
another will be very greatly appre
ciated. The plan is broader than for tin
mere establishment of a Soldiers
Home when circumstances admit of
its beinir fullv carried out. The agent
will make full explanation when he
If the measures proposed differ from
what any wish, let us agree to work the
plan that is now adopted, and after we
get the money and bona fide subscrip
tions, then all the necessary improve
ments can be added thereto. 1 lie tool
diers' Home is under the charge of the
executive committee of the Confederate
Veterans' Association, incorporated by
u cmbly, etc.
M. O. toll ERILL,
30 lbs. of hay at So.ooss,
So lbs. of corn at o.olo7.
a partisan document.
Tht Missnf is nartisum. It does
not look to the wetfareof the whole
country, where such aglanee would ex
pose the faults of the republican party
It is ah attempted excuse for uu-Dem-
ocratic ideas and a defiant assertion
that the republican party will continue
to advance them. Where the cirm
paign of education lias so enlightened
people that it is positively dangerous
to tread the Republican ground of a
year ago, the President favors Demo
cratic ideas. But there are the same
old tactics of cheap luxuries, dear ne
cessities and favor to capitalists, while
the great mass of people cau look out
notable only for its timidity.
The President, in his Message !
Congress, halts and hesitates. Hedoes
not take the country into his confi
dence in regard to matters of real mo
ment. He skirts around the ragged
edge of dangerous topics and hides
himself in a wilderness of detail. The
recital of the condition of our relations
with other countries is accompanied
with no definite recommendations of
importance, and brings no disclosures
that have not been anticipated in the
record of current events. As an indi
cation of any definite policy "of public
administration the Message lacks
strength. It is only notable for tim
idity. The Presidents is disposed to
feel his way,-rather than to make his
a low tariff view.
Free whisky and tobacco are to. be
given the people in lieu of free blank
ets, free lumber, free coal, free tools,
free carpets, free glass and free house
hold furniture. Ibis is in redeaipfci&u
of the pledge by the Mill Owners' Con
vention of lSS, which nominated
Harrison, and whose shameful enun
ciation of this immoral policy iven
yet ignored by many Republicans; who
may read as they run, but who, never-
heless, will not believe.
Boston Globe. .
No doubt the Admiuistratiutknruis
II A . i II 4
will reler to it sis "an able and states
manlike document." But the truth -
about it is that like his inaugural ad-
Iress, it is in the main neither good
nor bad; but it is simply common
place. LIKE HIS OWN POLITICAL CHARACTER.
Providence Jot r.ia).
President Harrison's first annual
Message is as flat and colorless as his
Administration and his own political
character. High Protection and sub-
idies. Get rich by taking money from
one pocket and putting it into another,
is the substance of President Harrison's
NEITHER BRILLIANT NOR ABLE.
The Message, as a whole, is very
i i ii i
commonplace, it is not anie, and cer-
tainly is not brilliant. 1 here. are in it
no new or startling suggestions. What
it discusses has been discussed before,
and what it recommends has been ad-
There are no outcropping of a
Blaine or brilliant foreign policy in
Mr. Harrison's long review of the statu
of the country. No reader with a
memory can escape the sharp impres
sion that lots of good citizens permit
ted themselves to be humbugged hut
fall without sufficient cause.
CONSIGNED TO HAYES SIIELP,
In itself, the Message is in no way
remarkable, save for its length, dullness
and reiteration of the most radical
The President will rest as comforta
bly as his party will permit during the
remainder of his term beneath the
shade of "grandfather's hat," and at"
its close will be relegated to the shelf
of mediocrity, where now reposes the
The Hebrew Journal says: "Such a
thing as a 'Jewish vote has never pre
sented itself in our government. Out
side of the synagogue we are citizens
of the United Staies. The Jew has
always been remarkable for his loyalty,
because he so completely adapts hi in
self to the country in. which he livei."
This is perfectly true and should b a
source of pride to all the people of that
race. It would be well for this coun
try if other citizens would follow the
example of the Jew in this respect,
i aa i i ; .
Bucklen's Arnica Salve,
Tub Ukst jiliVE iu the-tvorlO for Outs,
Ulcers, Salt llhiuni, revir
tte. Chapped Hands, Chilhlnu s
I all Skin Erupt iun, anil positive-
Ucs, or mi-pay required. It is
cimI tit nive perlci 1 satisfaction, ir
iojif Y refunded. Pile Soceut? j. ca bo. ,
For 4iv hy lu.U fc Co.
I J 'tires P