0L XXI. NO. 19.--THIBD SERIES.
. J. J. BRUNER, Editor axd Prop'.
T. K. BRUNER, Assjstaxt Eerroa.
SALISBURY, N. C. THTJESDAY, FEBBTJABY 27, 189a
- - ' . I . i - . -
Superior Court, J M Horah.
SSriJf, C C Kridcr.
& of Deeds, H N Woodsou.
JSLnrer. J Sam'l MeCubbins. ,
smrnissioners, T J Sumner chairman,
I Cj Kluttz, C F Baker, Dr L W Cole-
m r r ;
luptof Health, I
Overseer of l'oor,
Dr J J Summerell.
A M Brown.
Mavof, Chita D Crawford.
tlerk, J B Julian.
Treasurer. I H Fou.st.
V. R V Priee, chief, J F race, C
wpool. R M Barringer, Benj Cauble.
fjjajorssioners North ward. J A Rcn
dleman, 1 M Miller; South ward, D R
Julian. J' A "Barrett; Ea.t ward, J B Gor
don f I Coughenour; West ward, R J
Hol'mw, J W Rumple,
Methodist Services every Sunday at
11 g ui and bi p tn. rrayer meeting
every Wednesday at C p la. Rev T W
Hundav school every feunaay alternoon
.'at 3 o'clock. J W Mauney, sup't.
Presbyterian Services every Sunday
it 11 a m-and S:.1 m
:30 pm. Kev J
M'frv Wednesday at S:
Rumple, I) D. pastor.
Sunday school every Sunday afternoon
jt4pni. J Kumplc, sup't.
Lutherau Services every Sunday at 11
!l UfilUU l i ui. x inji uiciuuj; every
Wednesday at 7 p m. Rev Chas B King,
Sunday scuooi every ounuay aiiernoon
ftt3 p m. K U Kizer, sup't.
Episcopal Services every Sunday at 11
amtrod 6:30 p m and Wednesday at C:30
pm. Kev r J Murdoch, rector.
Sunday school every Sunday afternoon
it 3 p fa. Capt Theo Parker, tup't.
Baptist services every teunday morn
ing and uigbt. Prayer meeting every
W ednesday u igh t . P. e v
Sundav school everv Sundav afternoon
-at 3 o'clock. Thos L Bwink, sup't.
Catholic Servicesrevery sceond Sun
dtwatlOA a m and 7 p m. Kev Fraueis
Sunday school every Sunday at 10 a m
Y M C A Devotional services at Hall
every Sunday at 10 a m. Business meet
ing first Thursday Uight in every mouth
1 H Fou.st, pree't.
Fulton Lodge No 99 A F & AM, meets
every first and third Friday nigbt in each
month. E B Neave, V M.
Salisbury Lodge, No 24 K of P, meets
everv Tuesdav nirht. A H Bovdeti. OC.
Salisbury Lod-e. No 775. K of II. meets
werv 1st and Sd'Moudav nisht iu each
Salisbury Council, No 272, Royal Ar
canum, meets every 2d aud 4th Monday
each mouth. J A Ramsay,
Office hours from 7:30 a m to 5:30
mm oruer nours y a m to o p m.
Sunday hours 11:30 a m to 12:30 p
J II Ramsay, P M.
n.siiow.ler nevr varies. A m.rvelor mirtty
5SirndJoles6mteness.-M ;,re economical
Sllnlrn wUhu,( mnuitnd. ot low test, snort
uiueoni V t tllils; oi.1 ixmnnl 1 anlfl ill
S :y , Fll,'apuin c pu uci o
fafta ' F"u;jpuaic uiMUinio. otuuvmj
a ii lv I n
Jorsale hv Bintrim,M & Co. , Young & Bos-
Tift 1 -k-r - -
'hmti a. Murphy
1 n name and
W. I.. Donclas' name
aSrr If th dealer cannot supply job,
ESet to factory, enclosing ttdvcrtUed
price are mi
ainped on the
!. L DOUGLAS
tao !ra,f' "afer Xactnl Grain and Creed-
nA'J'1 1llf" world. Kxamlnr lils '
4" 2t ,..tiSi INK n an i-m w ki Spam.
Ot) an.l si .7.-, l;t)VS' SCHOOL hllOtS.
- Ail iiia.j, j,. ( ,,i!rfa. Button aud Lac c.
3&$2 SHOES LAFDii3.
ai .75 S1JOE FOR MISSES.
jPt Material. Bt Kryle. Best FltttnC
l Ti sal iTT -- ,v;;sssvv.. .
W. S. BROWIM.
Boa t Blame the World.
Don't blame the world because the thorns are
found among the roses:
The day break in storm may be all sunshine
when it closes;
We cannot hope to always meet with fortuue'3
And that which seems moet hard to bear may
bring with it a blessing.
The buried' seed must rot in earth ere it pro
duce the flower,
and the weak plant to fructify must have
both sun and shower.
So man, to gain development, must straggle
witii me s crosses,
And view with calm nhiloaonhv his trials txnA
r hi3 losses.
A deadly; pois'nous weed may yield a salve of
The sweetest bloom may pois'nous be although
lis uaua concealing.
Things are not alwayswhat they seem, btii
still 'twas Heaven designed them.
And we should class them all as eood: and
; take them as we find them.
Little we know of this brief life,
of its sequel,
Th leaLU" -Ll ,fiumble tru3t allbat may
God s wavs are not our ways, and be should
i- - I
L certainly be trusted;
Aiithat is wrong m His good time will surely
San Diego Union.
One afternooon last wk thr wa
a large ad interested crowd of amuse-
ment seekers in and in front of the
large windows of Knox & Van Karen's
drugf store. The cause of the gather
ing was one of a rather unusual na
ture. Several days before two centi
pedes, one large and the other small,
i i i it
were nrougnc into trie store, and also
a tarantula, lhey were left in separ
ate receptales und all alive.
On this particular afternoon it was
determined to see how the animals
would act when placed together. A
layer of saud about an inch thick was
spread over the bottom of a glass
globe, and first the centipedes were
dropped in and with them a horned
toad, liis majesty with the horns
took no part in tbe trouble which dis
turbed the otbsr two. He seemed to
Ije acliug simply as the referee of the
fight. The two centipedes crawled
over mm ana rolled over him. but
hardly awakened his sleepy nature.
.Not so the others, lhey circled
two or three times around the globe
and finally came in each others way.
Each desired to crawl over the other
aiidjthe.battlc began. It was short but
it was exciting. so two pugilists ever
went after each other with more vim
or more apparent determination to do
each other harm than did
these two I
centipedes. Their cat-like claws were
repeatedly imbedded in each other's
bodies, but the smaller one could not
stand the strain, and when they came
together for the third time, about two
minutes after they were first put in,
they clinched and wound about each
otner Keeping tneir claws going in
scissor-fashion upon each other's bodies
until the smaller centipede dropped out
of the struggle; dead
lhe body was taken out of the globe
and soon after the tarantula was drop
ped in. lhe centipede had not had
time to recover any strength after his
battle with his fellow and his stiug
had lost its death-dealing qualities,
1 a t l iit 1 I
so tnat tms battle was also snort
The two animals closed only twice,
when tlie forceps of the tarantula
crushed through the head of the
larger centipede and he died quick
ly. The tarantula had apparently
received no lnpiry and looked mad
enough to have fought a whole regi
ment of centipedes.
One of the company who had watch
ed two uatties was impressed witn tne
v i j a I - 1 . 1 i I
the centipede fought in the first
battle, and ventured the assertion that
He knew where one could be obtained
amid .went after
n; ineauwiiiie tue
urouiru a centipede nearly tour and a
half inches long. It was immediately
dropped into the globe aud the fight,
which was then begun, lasted fully
three-ouarters or an hour, and was
. - a a
exceedingly savage while it lasted.
The tarantula did most of the fighting,
but, after the first attack, invariably
"Ui Lira nuiat in tue luimu.
rp. , , i c i i
1 he tarantula fights with a pair of
. , i i L x i i
pinchers which are thrust out ust be-
i 1 1 . ..-,.,f r ii,., . ... ,,.i
low or from the lower part of the
head. These are very hard aud strong
enousb to leave marks on a lead pen
cil. The centipede fights with a dou
ble line or cat-like laws, wincn are
ransred alonz, the side of the body. In
fighting the taranula spreads
out, and after backing away after the
manner of the crawfish until he can
. . s
?et no further, spnnirs upon tne ene-
i a- ' - i
my, thrusting out the. pinchers and
triasoinsr whatever portion of the
bodv of the enemv comes within
In the battle in the globe the two
came together a dozeu or more rounds,
breaking away and returning to the
opposite sides cf the globe at the close
of each. Fually the two came togeth
er, and the centinede seemed to get
the hold he had been looking for, and
tarantula's body was quickly wrapped
up in the fold of the armed body of its
opponent. Meanwhile- the hundred
Claws of the centipede were working
rapidlv aud with such effect that the
life of the victorious centipede did not
come out uuscratched, as the forceps
of the tarantula had pierced his body
in several place, from which thc black
matteay life fluid was running. Ha
sunned the battle only a few hours.
i - -
The Bog-us Coffee Trade.
$25,000,000 A YEAR PAID FOB ROASTED
PEAS, BEAKS AND RYE.
The average bulk of the genuine cof
fee imported into the United States is
8,000,000 bags, or 180,000,000 pounds
per annum. Experts estimate that
fully 20 per cent, of the coffee sold to
consumers is bogus, which raises the
consumption to 210,000,000 pounds.
Taking 30 cents per pound as the
average retail price, the people of the
United States pay $06,000,000 every
year for this one article of food, of
which $13,000,000 is paid for roasted
and ground beans, pens, rye or a man
ufactured article in no way resembling
the Brazilian berry. To this must be
added the production and sale of what
are called "coffee substitutes."
So extensive is this business that it is
quite sate to say unit consumers pay
$12 000 000 for what ttiPV hplievptnhA
cheap coffee. This raises the total ex-
pcnuiture vo tu,v-w,;vr, arm h repre-
x:t j- ruj- iwvrt l
SeiltS a Sale 01 Z iO,LHK,UUtJ potUIUS, IOr
the "substitute coffee annually sells at
20 cents per pound. It will thus be
seen that 96,000,000 pounds of bogus
coffee are sold in the United States
everv vear, and some estimates place it
at 120,000,000 pounds. Taking the
lowest figures, $25,000,000 are received
for substances which can lie profitably
Place(1 on the market
at 6 cents
pound. The manufacturers, therefore,
receive $0,000,000 for their goods,
while retailers gain a profit of $10,-
There are two kinds of bogus coffee,
an imitation bean and the ground ar
ticle. The bean is the most difficult to
produce, and it is only recently that
actual success in this direction has
been attained. The bogus beau must
not only look like the genuine berry
when raw but it should be capable of
taking a proper color when roasted.
A very good specimen is now manufac
tured iu Philadelphia and Trenton,
being composed of rye flour, glucose
and water. The soft paste is then
moulded aud earful Iv dried. To the
eye of an expert the presence of this
imitation is easy of detection, and it
cannot be used to auy great extent
But when coffee goes to the
adulteration begins. Sometimes th
retailer is deceived, but nine times out
of ten he is the one who introduces
adulteration. lhe ground article is
very easily produced, for then it is only
necessarv to give tue material a proper
co'or an" infusing an aroma by strong
mixed with real coffee even the expert
eye and tougue may be deceived, while
to the ordinary consumer it seems to
be the genuine product.
Bogus collee beans have only a slight
resemblance to the natural berry, for
though they possess proper form the
cicatrice on the inner face is too
smooth. Then again tbe gray color
ot the raw bean is not quite tip to the
mark, but when these manufactured
beans are rosted with 5 per cent, of
genuine collee they iind a ready sale
There bogus beans can be made at s
cost of 830 per 1,000 pounds, and when
mixed with hlty pounds of pure coffee
the whole l,0uO pounds cost $37.50, or
S cents per pound, so that a profit of
nearly 100 per cent, is the result.
Ihere are any number of "coffee
substitutes," the Hills variety being
the most successful. This company is
already manufacturing 10,000 pounds
per week, it being sold by the barrel
to retailers is nearly all of the New
England, Middle and Western States
The profits of this concern are suppos-
H to 55300 Per ,da-v ,a,ld lts. tf.ra:
twine hu iro vki n 1 n-rl c n f Ii ct-i la t i i r
Hons nave reached such a scale tha
the stockholders were recently offerer
pearly W 000,000 for their secret bus-
mess, out, it was ueeimeu. xu oue ac-
I ." j .A , ... j ,,
imagine mat a uecoeuon oi tnis stuu.
was iiKe eitner juociia or iiio, ou
ii i if i ri -
when mixed with four times its bulk
of genuine ground coffee only an ex
pert could detect the imposition.
Lhe manufacturer of these coffee
substitutes" claim that they are not
violating the laws against adulteration
of food products because they do not
i, a ' J Li 1
sell their goods as coftee, but simpn
, ... .. .ij;
a substitute. While this may be t
... ' , . A, J.J-,
it does not apply to the retailer, who
mixes the bogus stuff with good coltee
and sells the whole as the genuine ar
ticle. Though manufacturers may be
beyond the peualties of the adultera
tions laws, thev should be suppressed,
... , , , -ii tr. .t
retailers wouia ie itnpossioie. vvueu
it is remembered the American people
aie compelled to pay $25,000,000 tor
ingredients that can be manufactured
for oue-lifth of the sum received by
coffee growers, the necessity for tbe
suppression of this nefarious trade is
apparent. Oleomargarine cannot be
sold as butter, neither should " coffee
substitutes" be made to masquerade
under the name of Java, Mocho or Hio
Extraordinary Bona Scratching.
Herbert Spcrry, TrcraAnt, III., had Ery
sipelas in both Icjs. Coiimitrtt tu ttie lioue
six weeks. He s:i: "When I was ablet
get on my legs, I had an itching sensation
"th.it nearlv run me crazy. I scratched
'them raw to the btn.es. Tried everythitn
"without relief. I was tormented in this
'way for two year. I then found tho
"Cubke's Extuact ow Flax (Papiilon)
Skis Cuke at the diug stoic, used it, aud
"it has cured iffis sound and well."
Clark's Flax Soap has no. equal lor Bath
i and Toilet, Skin Cure $1,00. Soap 2-3
cents. For salt at John 11. EnuL-s Diug
Waves and wave action from an
interesting study. We see the billows
curling toward the shore, then break
the sand and pebbles washing back
ward with them; who has not noted
the rapid changes of the ocean beach ?
This storm tearing it away, and that
broadening it out; the gradual wear
ing away of islands along their sea
ward face, while, at the same time.mak-
ng to leewarJ. What is the mean ef-
ect to wave action on the continents
is a subject which, for the moat part,
has been treated by hydrographers like
Admiral Davis, Lieutenant Maury, and
Aautemps-Baupre. Now comes a geo-
ogist, rror. onaier, wno in a recent
paper, discusses the subject from the
standpoint of one familiar with
continent formation, that is to say,
srom effete. All the rocks, he says.
bear undeniable evidence that, the sea
las swung over them in the osillations
of the continent in its alternate up
risings and downsinkings. All waves.
save those coming from snbraarine up-
leavcls, are caused by the wind. Wind
cemes from variations of temnerture.
and great trade winds being an effect
of the disparity between the heat of
the tropics aud the poles; difference in
emperture between sea and land caus
ing local winds. You can study wave
action on an ordianary pond. So says
the author. If the shore be a shelving
one, the waves will topple over, as do
the ocean s surges, and strike their
blows. After an artifki il pond has ex
isted for a short period, it is easy to
see where these repeated blows have
cut the earth upon its shelving sides,
so as to form what is called a wave
scarf, aud how the process of erosion
goes on. On ordinary soil, even upon
rocks of moderate hardness, this wave
iction combined with the freezing
which takes place in winter, breaks up
the earth lv material and bears it out
The tops of the waves move more
rapidly than the bottoms, thus all
wave-swept shores have an undercur
rent movement of their waters, which
sets off from the coast line toward the
deeper waters. Wherever a wave rolls
up on shores it grinds up a certain
amount of material. With the reflux
of the surge this material is carried
off to the edge of the decDer water.
the margin of the surf belt, where the
undertow comes in to drag the debris
still further from the coast. Under
tow has no effect near the surface.
which sets shoreward while it is pass-
ing seaward. Many lives are lost at
the bathing beaches, he thinks, be
cause the exhausted swimmer esays
to struggle ashore instead of throw
ing himself out Bat in the surface wa
ters. Waves while scarfing a beach
build out a shelf composed of all
the materials they had dragged
from the and, save that gone into c?m-
plele solution grinding. By this time
he means tbe outside
Oar, Witn wnicn
every oauier is ramuiar, tne same oe-
I J 1 0 I .1 1
ing composed of the detritus. Hun-;
dreds, indeed thousands, of miles in
land are found sandstones and eluy
depositi, which, in nearly ull cases, in
dicate the former presence of the
sea, under which they were formed pre-'
cisely as like formations exist to-day in
tho outer bars. j
One watches the billows break
against the coast rocks and cliffs. They
seem to make no impression, liut the
author says that, should we listen
during the storm, the forceful grind-
,1 i i w ..ui 3-i' .i-
tue sea nas orotigni, couiu oe uisiincuv
hear.!. Tbe ubrasiin goes on till, lit-
tie by little, roeh,, ledfe., clitt,, toppee
"ly'to nt ,lPco,,tiueut. .
suiiucc, iiie wjisiB ucniK uimiiuutcu
Ill ICJ Ul UilU I'J.Wjl.". I
I hus says Prof, ohaler, on the eas
tern shore of North America the
waves are driving the shore inward to
the westward, and building on the sea
floor a plain, which is constantly ex
tending to the eastward. The great
southern plain of the United States,
Georgia Aiaoama, misaippi, aim an
-i i i ! : .1 il
Flor da a nnrr nn nf such an Hllierur-
ed sea bottom, composed of material
A J W A i ' w mm j' J i WW v - w - 1 (-)
worn from the oldest part of the con
tinent. Rains act to cut the land ver
tically downward, the waves f oceans
and of lakes to plane them off horizout-
ally. In a general way tne solar,
forces fight against the existence of all
continents and islands. Left to ttiem
sfdv's. tpp,a solar forces would reduce
i n xi e l: ...
tne eartu, in tne course vi umc, msi
state of universal
Genius unexerted is no more genious
Hi in hnshl of nconis in a forest of
oaI- Thim ni:iv li' nics in men's
brains, iust as there are
but the tree and book m
mow m fsin measure them. e
very naturally recall here that class of
grumblers "who spend their time in
longing to be higher than they are,
while they should be employed in
advancing themselves. How many
men would fain go to bed dunces
and wake up Solomons! You reap
what yon have sown. Thy that
sow wind, reap a whirlwind. A man
of mere '-capacity undevoped" is only
an organised day dream, with a skin
on it. A fliut aud a genius than will
not strke fire are HO l etter that wet
junk wood. Ralph Waldo Emerson,
Lowei at Gettysburg .
VVe have the M War of the Rebel
lion" as far as completed. It is a val
uable publication, and the historians
in the future who shall essay to tell
the story of the greatest war of modern
times will find ample material at hand
in these stout octavos. Already they
number 27 volumes. When completed
they will number, we suppose, more
than forty volumes. They are the
official records of the two contestants
the North and the South, and are
published by the TJ. S. Government.
The Pittsboro ReGord has prepared a
statement of losses at Gettysburg. It
saves the trouble of copying and con
densing, and we therefore avail our
selves of some of its figures. In the
three days' battles, (1st, 2d and 3d of
July, 1863, fateful days) the losses ag
gregated 32,985 killed and wounded
and 10,515 missing. The Record says;
"In the Union army 3,155 wtre kill
ed, 14,529 were wounded, and 5,365
were captured; and in the Confedrate
2.592 were killed, 12,707 were wound
ed, and 5,150 were captured. North
Carolina lost more men killed and
wounded- than any other southern
State. This we prove by having com
piled a statement of the killed and
wounded from each State, as follows:
' The regiment that suffered the heav
iest loss in either army was the Twenty-Sixth
North Carolina, whose loss
was 86 killed and 502 wounded. The
regiment in the Union army that suf
fered the heaviest was the Twenty
Fourth Michigan, which went iuto
the battle with 496 men and lost 79
killed and 237 wounded."
This tells the story of which State
did the most fighting and lost the most
meu. North Caroliua lost some 55
Kr cent, more thau Virgiuia. The
ecord says further:
The writers of the pretended histories
of the war have created the impression
that the hardest fighting and the heav
iest losses at Gettysburg were on the
last day, and that Pickett's Division
were the true heroes of Gettysburg.
But these official reports prove differ
ently. They showed that the heaviest
losses were on the first day, and that
the Twenty-Sixth North Carolina
regimeut on that day lost more meu
killed and wounded thau any brigade
(containing five regiments) of Pick
ett's division lost in the whole three
The brigades which suffered the
heaviest losses at Gettysburg, according
j to these official reports, were the two
; North Carolina brigades of Fettigrew
j o three Misji3sippi regimtfats
fld thc FiftvFirth North Carolina.
and Daniel, and Davis brigade
, Th- mi-,! nml wnnnrUd wfla Sa
Brigade. Killed. Wounded.
Pettigrew, 1U0 015
Davis, 180 717
Daniel, 10-4 635
Tbe heaviest loss in any brigade of
Pickett's famous division was 83 killed
and 400 wounded in Armestead's bri
gade. These official figures speak-
louder than the most eloquent words
that can be spoken or writteu in eulo
gy of North Carolina's soldiers!"
Not long after tbe battle we began
the work of defending North Carolina
ao-ainst fa se reDresentations. All
f - - , , ,
through tbe years we have done what
could tap " J-T-g
-H; did in the , great struggle nud
We have no idea that
even official figures will serve to satis
fy those writers who have tried to
make heroes of Pickett:s command at
the expense of tbe soldiers from other
States. The time may come when
some man of superior abilities with the
true historic style some Motley, for
instance shall write a great work oa
. . vindicate
the truth and tell the story as it is
If so, then North Carolina will get
justice and she will shine in the pages
of history with an uncommon lustre.
How Csmphor is Made.
Camphor is made in Japan
' wav: After a tree is
After a tree is leiieu
-j, ... it. i , u,i,;i.
1 - I
laid in a tub or a large iron pot partly
filUl with water and placed over a slow
fire. Through holes in tlte ooitom or
the tub steam slowly rises, and heat
ins the chios generates oil and cam-
. . . , e
, ,h xu.c VNphoV Of course the tub with tl
Ss in aLor,S ! ctps has a closely fitting cove, Fro
oaks in aco"-1 j i bamboo pipe leads to
,us come out . of ther with the baI
n " . . . . , . ,
Of course the tun witu uie
succession ot oiner inns wuu iuu o.un-
loo connections, and the last of these
tubs is divided into two compartments,
one above the other, the dividing floor
being perf orated with small holes to
allow the water and oil to the lower
compartment. The upper compart
ment is supplied with a straw layer,
which catches and bulds the camphor
it luisses to the
r.,.ir. iirvsv The caumlior is the
t,w...n I'" - .
..ii-.n-.d...! f rtiiii the) straw. paCKU
wtMMlen tubs and is re;uly for warket-
The oil is nsed by the Uaiives f
iuatiug aad other put poses.
From twelve te fifteen deer a day
are killed along the line of the West
Virginia Central Rilrad.
There are three United States in the
Western Hemisphere: The United
States of America, of Columbia, and of
Some fih swim deep. The Govern
ment steamer Albatross, investigating
the coast of Southern Californ
caught black cod at 859 fathoms
A large bald-headed eagle was one of
the visitors at a recent flag-raising
oyer a school-house in Lubec, Me. The
bird circled around the staff three times
and then flew toward the west.
The gunning dog belonging to Jacob
Hendricks, of Berks county, Penn., was
stolen the other day and tied to a tree
in the woods. When recovered it was
nearly famished, and had almost gnaw
ed the tree down.
Joseph Clinefelter, if Marion, Ohio,
has a cow which a few days ago gave
birth to three perfectly developed and
well-formed calves, which were all born
alive; but shortly after two of them
died, and one is still living.
Seventeen years ago a man named
Ebbs, a crippled pauper, left Mifliin-
town, Penn., and has been wandering
around the State ever since. In a re
cent law suit at Bellefonte the court
decided that he was a charge to that
borough, and now Mifliutown has a
debt of $1,000 to pay on the old man.
Situated on the farm of Scott West,
near Fayette, Me., are two living
springs only a few rods apart, but on
opposite opposite slopes of a watershed.
lulls running in different directions
from these respective springs traverse
each a distance of more than fifty
miles before thev finally reach the same
A wonderful map of O'Brien county,
la., has been made and is on exhibition
at the State Fair at Des Moines. The
map is wholly composed of corn grains,
each town and township being distin
guished by different colors. The rail
ways are marked by rows of bluc-bTack
''square corn," and the wagon roads
To show the capacity of his stomach
a visitor at the Neversiuk Fire House
at Heading, Penn.. ate a mixture com
posed of a pound of figs, fifty raw
oysters and a pound of sugar, and top
ped off the mess with a pound of lard.
He said on a wager he would eat a box
oLwragon grease, but tjhe spectators
would let him go no further.
A report comes from the lumber re
gions at Portage Lake, Me., that a huge
panther came out in a clearing and
walked around some men who were
yarding logs. The men were much
terr.fied, but kept perfectly quiet, and
the beast disappeared without doing
them auy harm. It is very rare, now,
that these animals ar seen in Maiue.
The natural cunning of the fox was
shown at Now Ipswich, N. II., the
other day. A fox that was started by a
hunter ran directly to a poud and passed
around the edge ou the ico as uear the
opeu water as possible. The dogs fol
lowed closely, and, coming upon weak
ice, broke through, and but for help
given them would have drowned.
Meantime Reynard escaped to a place of
In Iceland there "ate no prisons and
no officers answering to our policemen.
In 1874 it celebrated the one-tbousaud-
th anniversary of its colonization, and
at the same time became indepeudeut
of Denmark, though subject to the
King of Denmark as the head ot the
Icelandic Government. Iceland's new
government is thoroughly republican
in spirit, all citizens having equal
rights and perfect religious liberty.
Youth's Companion: Nothing w
nude for nothing. Lvery part of even
the smallest animals structure is, or
1i:ls been of use to him. Otherwise it
never would have been developed.
"Can vou tell me, my friend," said
an elderly gentleman to-the- keeper of
a menagerie, kkwhat the hump ou the
camel's back is for?"
"What's it for?"
i "Yes. Of what value is it?"
"Well, its lots of value. De camel
wouldn't be no good .'without it."
"Why not? Yer don't suppose pea
nh would nav tweutv-five cents to seg
a eannl without a hump on him, do
An intelligent peach grower give;
th fnll.vtviua as tbe chief causes of
failure: A wet soil snd subsoil, exces
uivp richness of the land, allowing the
trees to overbear, and neglected culti
ration. To which should also be add
ed, a climate where the fruit buds are
often, or generally, killed by he cold
of winter, and which is only remedied
i i i a: . e ...... hi ! I ln
t by selection oi prum-i
! . J '.. i i i :i
w often acconinlislied bv cnoosmg sues
near unfreezing water, or by selecting
hills instead of frosty valleys; but a
wet or water-soaked so. I even on
an elevated site may be more unfavor
able. A good naturU drainage is im
Listen men and brethren.
peusion office asks for ar deficiency ap
propriation of $2l,rJ0,XJ'J t.j carry it
to the fir.t of July.
A Great Gen Factory. ;
The Washington Gun Foundry since
it was started has turned out abont
fifty six-inch grins. The weight of a
six-inch gun is about 10,800 pounds.
Each one represents abont three
months' labor m the factory alone.
The projectile used in n six-inch gun
weighs exactly 100 pounds. This is
propelled by a charge of poader of fifty
Thc weight of the eight-inch gun is
27,000 pounds. The weight of the
projectile of this gun is 250 ponnds and -the
weight of the powder charge is 125
pounds. In the Bureau of Ordnance
circular the general principle is laid
down that the amount of powder rrsed
in alt service charges is one-half the
weight of the projectile.
The gun foundry has constructed
three ten-inch guns. The weight of
this gun is 60,000 pounds. It is ca
pable of sending a shell weighing 500
pounds nearly eight miles.
Tbe proposed sixteen-inch gun or,
as it is better known, the 1 10-ton gun
will take at least two years to build.
This ordnance monster will be forty
three feet long and will send a projec
tile weighing 2000 pounds more than
ten miles. When this gun is complet
ed it will be placed aboard the coast
defence vessel now building at San
Brancisco. The latter ship is nndir
contract to be completed in three years.
The capacity of tho gun foundry
when everything is in good order ha
not yet been estimated. It has been
stated that that the capacity for the
factory was ninety guns once and
that a completed gun could be turned
out every day. Commodore Folger
thinks, however, that when the plant
is in thorough working order fifty
guns can le iu the course of construc
tion at once.
The six-inch guns cost on an average
about $7,000, the eight, ten and twelve
n increasing proportions, while the
110-ton gun will cost over $50,000.
Trick of a Picture Thief.
The recent opening up of the crazo
for the collection of portraits of prora-
nent people, fostered bv the general
increase of illustrated literature and
the constant improvement of the en
gravers art, uks brought about tne
establishment of a store here where
old engravings are made somewhat of
a specialty. Tbe trade as yet is not
large enough to carry on a business in
this line on a large scale, but large
enough to justify keeping a moderately
large hue of old portraits. 1 hu keeper
of the book store at which the picture
business has been started has not yet
had to encounter tho picture theif, but
he is ready for him. He Iras got on
to a trick of tho picture thief much
practiced in New York aud Londou.
The trick was recently exposed in some
of the bibliophile journals, and the
bookseller explains it thus: "Tbe pic-
turo thief carries a thread of the length
ot an octavo page under his tongue.
lheu, while the bookseller s back is
turued, he lays that wet string along
the bound edge of some engraving iu
the book in hand that pleases him,
and straightway opens tbe book fifty
leavts away, fu a minute or so he can
turn back to the engraviug, and it will
tear out noiscdesslv, and with little ef
fort." S7. Louis Star-Sayings.
If there is any one thing more beau
tiful than another in a garden of flow
ers, that tumg is a oeautiiui gin, wnu
a sun bonnet ou tier head so wide aud
capacious that you have to get right
square before her and pretty near her
to see the glow,ing cheeks that are suro
to be there if she is at all accustomed
to garden walks and works. Physically,
there can be nothing better for dau
ghters, and indeed, for many wives,
than to take solo charge of a small
There are about thirty "species of
insects which subsist on our garden
yegatables. The grape vine has about
fifty enemies: the apple tree seven ty-
five; the different snado trees have
over a hundred; wheat, barley and
oats fifty. The annual destruction of
property by insects in the United
States is as high as $100,000, A great
portion of this might be prevented by
the preservation of many dijtierent
kinds of birds.
All seeds sown, whether indoors or
out, says Popular Gardening, should
be pressed firmly in tho soil, so a
to exclude the air and thus-prevent .
the seed being shriveled and dried t
an extent that iu four cases out of
five would destroy germination, and
also in places where germination doos
take place, if the soil is left loose, -tho
dry air is often sufficient to shrivel up
tbe young plants even atter they navo
started. - .
Don't fret and fume and fuss and
ferment. Never trouble troubles uii'
. . .
! aM trim ir.iulilps vo l
" " j
Love is that golden latch key which
hangs on the outside, and fets iu hap-.-pines
to every heart.
A. L-dy h Tesas Writes :
My cane of U a raidiiigi has 1 affieU
maey physician-; hae tried every reme
dy I eould hear of, hut Brad field Fe
male BegttUtor U all tlua relieved me.
Write lac U ad field grfe Co., AtSauta,
(iu., r father p-t licnlai :, bold by all
v - f