POL. XXI.-THIED SERIES.
SALISBURY, N. C. THURSDAY, KAY 22, 1890.
Allay Pain and
Heals the Sores.
Restores the Senses
tf Taste and Smell.
J2Y Tiifi wuftfl.
. .,rii,-if is;ippueuiuuc:ii uusiru unuisagre?
lPi.t... m'tfU at lfllsr"1stB: Ijv mill rpcrlsf.prptl
KI.YBUOTHER8.56 Warren St. Jew York
A BOON TO SMOKEES.
IIUVS PISE LEAF CJG..RS fc CIGARETTES.
V the J'ine Xeecttc Cigars for a de-
IUKONCliiAi. LHsr.Asr.5. torn
biniug the full aroma of the Yara tobac
o imparting to the taste and breath a
pleasant effect, and by the introduction
of mV needlA the nicotine or poisonous
properties of tobacco are deatroyext, not
inly rendering their use free from injury,
but with po4itivc benefit to the consumer.
Far . sale bv the following dealers in
B W I v I 1 ' .,!. . .
Salisbury: iirW. Smith, C. J. Kestler,
W U Young, D. Hauline, L. Ed. Heilig,
i 11 Enniss, E. C. Miller, C. H. Swink,
J V Harris, Jr R. Smith, also at St.
JMes hotel. S. F. HARRELL,
Greensboro, N. C. Southern Agent.
NEVER CHOKE8 or
BREAKS THE ROLL
Cbcons c is
Has All LATEST IMPROVEMENTS
including Balance Wheel on Brush which In
sures even spaed. This feature Is peculiar to
this make of Oln and Is used on no other. Are
FIX!.!' (H'ARANTRED and Are Delivered
Hll.1. Or I'RKHillT at any R. B. Station or
the landing of any Regular Steamboat Line In
the South. If we have no Agent near you,
address the General Southern Agent,
U. 8. STANDARD
. SENT ON
reta said, folly
v. nrruntt-d. Other .Uea
a.l.ilt II ll n.OSSttfssllfS Af.ot, Atlanta, Ua.ar DbIIm.TcX.
In pursuance of a power contained in
Jlie last will and testament of the late J.
J. Unmet, we will sell at the Court House
floor hi the town of Salisbury, on Mon
day, the 2d day of June, 1890, at public
unction, to the highest bidder, the Caro
lina Watchman, including thejjjood will
of the newspaper, the subscription list,
two printing presses, type, a quantity of
ink and paper, and all other fixtures and
property belonging, to the printing olfice.
Terms of Sale : One-half cash, and the
balance in 0 months.
Dated May a, 181K).
T. K. BRUNER,
C. G. VI ELK,
Executors of J. J. Bruner.
I. M. PATTON, Jr., Lessee.
Cwplete.il all its Appointments.
Every Variety- of Printing Done
With Neatness and Dispatch.
nuuphlets, : C
- - Pastern,
Ball L Wedding Invitations.
1 H S W . -
No x Botch :-: Work.
k; h Kb b h h i
iirders by mail solicited and prompt
ly attended to.
J. M, PATTON, Jr.,
i Salisbury, N. C.
IV. NIL V
liahtful smoke aim snecuy reuei ior i.--SEcKN-ZA,
ACUTK AND CHKOMC
, VI lIUtH, CLERGY MEN'S S O HE
V I , llAt r r. v r.u. AornA ana
Clerk Superior Court, J M Horah.
wneriir, J u Knder.
Register of Deeds, H N Woodson.
Treasurer, J Sam'l McCubbins.
Surveyor, B C Arey.
Coroner, D A Atwell.
Commissioners, T J Sumner chairman,
W L Kluttz, C F Baker, Dr L W Cole
man, Cornelius Kestler.
upt Public Schools, T C Linn.
Sup't of Health, Dr J J Summerell.
Overseer of Poor, A M Brown.
Mayor, Chas D Crawford.
Clerk, D K Julian.
Treasurer, I H Foust.
Police, R W Price, chief, J F Pace, C
W Pool, R M Barringer, Benj Cauble.
Commissioners North ward. J A Ken
dleman, D M Miller; South ward, D It
Julian, J A Barrett; East ward, J B Gor
don, T A Coughenour; West ward, K J
Holmes, J W Rumple.
Methodist Services every Sunday at
1 1 a id ana o p in
0$ p in. Prayer meeting
every Wednesday at 6J.p m
Rev T W
Sunday school every Sunday afternoon
at 8 o'clock. J W Mauney, sup't.
Presbyterian Services every Sunday
at 11 a m and 8:30 p m. Prayer meeting
every Wednesday at s:30 p m. Key J
Rumple, D D, pastor.
buuday school every Sunday afternoon
at 4 p in. - J Rumple, sup't.
Lutheran Services everv Sunday at 11
am and 7 pm. Prayer meeting everv
Wednesday at 7 p m. Rev Chas B King,
Sunday school every Sunday afternoon
at 3 p m. R Ct Kizer,sup't.
Episcopal Services every Sunday at 11
a m and 6:30 p m and Wednesday at G:30
p m. Rev r J Murdoch, rector.
Sunday school every Sunday afternoon
at 3 p in. Capt Theo Parker, sup't.
Baptist Services every Sunday morn
ing and night. Prayer meeting every
Wednesday night. Rev
nun da v school every Sunday at vk a.m.
Thos L Swink, sup't.
Catholic Services everv second Sun
day at 104 a m and 7 p m. Rev Francis
Sunday school every Sunday at 10 a m.
Y M C A Devotional services at Hall
everv Sunday at 10 a m. Business meet
ing first Thursday night in every mouth.
1 H Foust, pres't
Fulton Lodge No 09 A F & AM, meets
every first and third r ndny night in each
month. EBNeavc, W M.
Salisbury Lodge, No 24. K of P, meets
every Tuesday night. A II Hoyden, C C.
Salisbury Lodge, No 775, K of H, meets
everv 1st Mid 3d Monday night in each
month. . Dictator.
Salisbury Council, No 272, Royal Ar
canum, meets every 2d and 4th Monday
night in each month. J A Ramsay,
Office hours from 7:30 a m to o:30 p m.
Money order hours 9 a jn to 5 p ni.
Sunday hours 11:30-a m to 12:30 p m
J H Ramsay, P M.
This powder never varies. A marvelof purity
' ii'iiut li.ii ml waolesouiencss. More economlcul
than theordlnarv kinds, and cannot be sold in
competition with the inulUludrof low test,. short
weight , alum or phosphate powders. Sold onl In
cans, lio val Baking Powuer Co.,10e Wall st. N
For sale by Bingham & Co. , Young & Bos
tian.and N. P. Murphy. L"
H A TTTTflW Tv.Y. i"mrfJ"'"nd
SA 11 J VI 11 price are tTanipl on the
bottom. If the dealer cannot Mipply you,
iteud direct to factory, enclosing advertised
W. L. DOUGLAS
$3 SHOE GENTLEMEN.
Fine Calf, Heavy
Luccd Grain and Creed-
iwm in tne worm. r. """.". ;?
S.OO OEM-INK HANISKWKI hHOK.
S4.00 HANI-SsCWKU W1CI.T SHOB.
3.flO POI.ICI3 AMI rAKMKBS'MiOE.
il.SO KXTKA VAI.ITK iAIJi SHOB.
S.OO and r?5 BOYS HCHOOI. SHO
An iusU in Omirress. Button snd I -ice.
$3 & $2 SHOES laf3i!
91.75 SHOE FOR MISSES.
Best Material, llert Style. Best Fltt
W. L. Ioulas, Brockton, Mass. Sold b
NI. S, BROWN,
W iROYALSSSbtt J
Louisiana's Disgrace Faithfully De
scribed. GOV. NICHOLLS MAKES A VIQOROVS AT
TACK ON THE LOUSIANA LOTTERY.
New York Herald.
New Qrleaks, May 12, 1800. Gov
ernor Nicholls, in his biennial message
to the Louisiana Legislature, which met
to-day, strongly opposed the proposi
tion for the extentinn of the charter
of the Louisiana Lottery Company for
a term of twenty-five years. The Gov
ernor insists that no proposition for a
lottery should be entertained for a mo
ment. After reviewing at length for
mer legislation in favor of the lottery
company and condemning it on the
ground of morality and public policy,
he argued that the action of the Con
vention of 1879, which placed the lot
tery in the State constitution, was
wrong in principle and wrong in fact,
and deprived the State of its police
power over the institution. Similar
action now would result, he contended,
in still greater evils. The statement
of the lottery company that it was the
1 1 - ii - i i i i i
oniy louery company that nacl ever
been endorsed bv the vote of the people
ana una a place in the state constitu
tion, the Governor says, is a humilia
tins fact. But the obnoxious pro
vision was inserted in the very body of
the constitution, and the people could
not get at the lottery without defeating
the whole instrument.
The Governor continues:- "If the
idea recently advanced that the pres-
re stmong us of a lottery is a boon
aim a oiessinjr were entertained se
riously and really by a large part of
our population we would not be enti
tled to rate very high in the scale of
civilization or of molality, either pri
vate or public.
a baleful institution.
"That institution ought to be de
stroyed on both political and moral
grounds. Lotteries not only fall under
the classification of gambling, but of
gambling of the very worst descrip
tion. The Supreme Court of the
United States, speaking on that subject,
said: 'Experience has shown that the
common forms of gambling are com
paratively innocuous when placed in
contrast with the widespread pestilence
of lotteries. The former are con lined
to a few person and place, but the
latter infest tbejCwhole community. It
enters every dww,lin, it reaches every
clsiss, it preys uripn the hard earnings
of the poor anui&t plunders the igno
rant and simple.
DBCEPTIVEN ESS OF LOTTERIES.
"The possibility of winning a large
amount for the outlay of a compara
tively insignificant sum is in glowing
colors most seductively brought for
ward, but the great improbability of
any particular person oeing thus the
winner is judiciously kept in the back
ground. The system of lotteries is
based upon a well digested plan and is
founded upon the 'doctrine of chances,'
being scientifically turned in favor of
the lottery company. I think it was
an outrage on other States and a dis-
amwi fn cmr nu n to nvilro 1 .rkiiiviM nn
the acknowledged headquarters of
orn nihil it or nnd to lixr-myp ;in incritn.
tutiou avowedly based upon certain
losses and certain impoverishment to
others; and a still greater disgrace to
lie a partner in such a transaction.
Nothing better could have been expect
ed of the Legislature of 1SCS.
UI have no hesitation in saying that
the selling of lottery tickets in this
State in violation of jaw by agents of
outside lottery companies would be an
infinitely smaller evil and could be
productive of infinitely less harm than
the existence of a legalized lottery in
Louisiana selling its tickets openly
under the protection of the law. The
agents of the former skulk about cor
ners and barrooms, and the results of
the corruption reach no further than
the debauching of a few subordinate
and insignificant officials, and such in
jury as flows from the sale of a com
paratively small number of tickets in
a few localities, while the sales of the
legalized lottery extend over the entire
country and the tickets are scattered
broadcast in immense numbers over
the whole State, and the company
standing on the vantage ground it does
(its stockholders toiling and spin
ning not, yet amassing immense for
tunes) enters into a broader and
higher field of corruption. It presents
a continued shilling mark for the un
failing attacks of widely differing
classes of men those who acting on
principle strive to put an. end to it as
subversive of virtue and morality, and
as furnishing direct incentives to crime
-and wrong, and the blackmailers, who
see in its existence a rich harvest for
gains through the buying of peace.
"To uie-'t these constantly recurring
attacks a legalized lottery is forced, by
the veiy necessity of its situation, to
have,s I have said, its special Repre
sentatives on the floor of the General
Assembly, Senate and House men
either elected by and through its mo
ney, or bribed and corrupted, since to
permit Representatives to be selected
and elected throughout the State on
their merits, and as the free choice of
constituencies men who would take
their seats untrammelled and cast their
votes from a sense of duty and their
convictions of right and wrong would
seriously jeopardize the interests of a
legalized lottery company. Hence it is
forced i jto takiug a constant, active
interest in the movements of not one
bnt all political parties, sending its
paid agents among the masses to cor
rupt and deceive them, buying np,
hrotthng, silencing and muzzling the
iress whenever and wherever it can be"
done in the cities and in the con u try ;
irecdtng treason and dissensions among
friends and among leaders ; fomenting should warn our friends of the Farmers'
faction and independent movements Alliance to cousider well any program
when faction suits its purposes ; using proposed by their leaders before adopt
all expedients and halting at nothing ing it. We. do not suppose that their
necessary to compass its end. j
1 he Governor concludes by asserting
that he will never consent that the
destinies of the State shall be placed
under the domination of anv corpora-
tion whatever, and especially that they
phall not be placed in the hands of a
gambling institution. He invokes the
J J 11 J'A? X ill
am or nu gooa citizens 10 assise mm in
preserving the good name, the welfare
and the prosperity of the State. The
Governor's message is regarded as the
formal opening of the lottery fight,
Little will be done bv the Le
until the question is disposed of
Murder Will Out.
A MURDERER ARRESTED AND RETURNED
TO NORTH CAROLINA AFTER
Sheriff Mc Williams, of Holly Spring?,
Washington county, Mississippi, passed
through Charlotte yesterday morning,
having in charge William n. Adams,
alias William B. Jones. Sheriff Ale
Williams was taking the prisoner back
to the scene of the crime, fifteen miles
from Washington, N.C.
When he was in Atlanta, on his way
hither, he told the following story to a
uIn January, 1888, three men, Wil
liam Adams, John Newton and Frazier,
attacked a man named Joshua Cox, and
Frazier shot him to death with a double
barrelled shot gun. Adams, Frazier,
and Newton were arrested, and Frazier
was taken by a mob and hanged, his
body being riddled with bullets. New
ton was arrested and lodged in jail, bnt
afterwards escaped. Adams was r.evjr
Newton was the step-son of Adam-,
and during his incarceration Mrs. Adams
entered the jail with a pair of pistols
concealed in her clothing. After New
ton made his escape he went to Missis
sippi, where his uncle lives, and during
the month of February, 1889, Adams
appeared in the neighborhood, and
S!)on aner nis raniny ami Anam s iam
ily appeared in the neigh borhood of
Holly Springs, and Newton and Adams
Sheriff Mc Williams had his suspi
cions aroused, and wrote letters to all
the sheriffs of the different counties of
North Carolina. At last he received a
reply from the sheriff of Washington,
and the latter turned over to him the
papers necessary for the arrest of
Adams, alias Jones.
The arrest was made with consider
able difficulty, -as the old man Adams
went iirmei with a double-barreled
shot-gun, a pistol and a long-bladed
pocket knife. He was caught in a
cotton field while plowing, and after a
considerable tussle was forced to sub
mit. There was 2"K) reward for him,
which Sheriff McWilliams will share
with the three brave deputies who as
sisted him in the capture.
Newton got wind of the arrest and
skipped from Mississippi to the Indian
Territory, where he is supposed to be."
Look at it Squarely, Farmers.
THE FARMERS AND HIGH TARIFF TAXES.
The Secretary starts out with con
fessed inability to prove the blessing
of high tariff taxes upon farmers by
nearly trebling the actual imports of
farm products which could be produc
ed here under high tariff taxes". 7 Of
the over $250,000,000 of agricultural
imports which should be produced at
home nearly $100,000,000 are for su
gar and molasses. The brief answer
to this is in the fact that the people
have paid high protection taxes to tne
sugar industry for very many years
more than $1 per head for every man
women and child in the country
and yet we import our sugar. We
tried taxing hides for the benefit of the
farmer with the only result of increas
ing the farmers' taxes greatly for
shoes, harness, beltings etc. We tax
hemp $23 per ton, and have done so for
many years, and tlie farmers of the
entire country don't raise hemp enough
to run one mill in this city eight
months of the year. We tax hops,
and must sell one-third of our crop
abroad and import more ihui we ex
port. We tax corn, and call it pro
tection to the farmer, when the Wes
tern farmer burns his corn for fuel.
We tax wool that is not grown on
farms but on non-farming lands and
thus tax the farmer from 70 to 100
per cent, on all the woolens he wears.
Next we tax the farmer on his lumber,
his paint, his stove, his brick, his forks,
his rakes, his mowers, his threshers,
his wagons, his wheelbarrows, his ja
bles, his tinware, his knives and forks,
his salt, his spoons, his chairs, 4iis
Bible, his window pains, his pocket
knife, his tumblers, his looking glass,
bis bedstead, his blankets, sheets and
pillows-in short, we tax everything
he must buy from 2p to 125 per cent,
with large and needless taxe. Phila
delphia Tiiyes, -jf
"Old Fogy" is a Hew England Re
publican. FOMENTING DISCORD IN WAKE THE
WAKE ALLIANCE MEETING
ON THE 20TH.
The developments made bv Old Fo?v
local leaders would, with their eves
wide open, recommend a prosrram that
would lead to harm, but they may
themselves be misled bv advice from
others, and mav see things in an im-
perfect light. The best way then is to
carefully consider all proposed meas-
nres before starting out on any line of
Our Wake county alliances are to
meet here on the 20th. We sunnose
the meeting will embrace both republi-J
cans and democrats. What will the
meeting do in regard to county officers?
They might put up a ticket composed
of member of both political parties.
thus forming an Alliance ticket. If
such a ticket were agreed on, and half
the officers were allowed to one. party
and the other half to the other party,
the alliance could probably sweep the
country and elect its ticket right along;
for we take it for granted that the
republican allianceraeu as well as dem
ocratic alliancemen would vote the
ticket agreed on. But ue hope that
that course trill not le adopted.
There is another course, to wit. for
the alliance men to agree to go into
their respective county conventions
and nominate alliance men for officers.
We would then have too sets of al
liance men in the field, one republican
and the other democratic. That
would be better than the other course.
For our own part we fail to see, how
ever, why the alliance should take any
action in the matter.
What are the purposes of the alli
ance? We understand that the object
for which this association of farmers
has been formed is to better the con
dition of the agricultural element. It
is for the improvement of the finamitl
condition of those citizens who are en
gaged in agriculture. As promotive of
this object, the local associations nlso
seek to improve the moral and social
condition of their respective communi
ties. The farmers think some legislation
will be to their benefit whatever leg
islation they desire should be made
plain, and it may be supposed that they
will select representatives who will
carry out their wishes in that matter.
But apart from that we do n t
understand that the object of the or
ganization will be at all advanced or
promoted b making it a point that
only alliance men shall be local officers.
That would be tabooing their other
fellow-citizens. That would be mak
ing a class distinction which would be
It is a matter of no earthly concern
to the Netcs and Observer, except so
tar as it would menace the unity, in
tegrity and harmony of the democratic
party. We would be glad to see all
men who wish office gratified, but that
is impossible. There are not places
enough to go round.
We do not object to the nomination
of an alliance man for any office, but
we suggest that to outlaw all who are
not alliance men would breed ill feeling
that might be very inconvenient here
S A . S 1
An ounce or prevention is worth a
pound of cure. We expect to work
for the election of the democratic
ticket and we won Id just as lief every
nan on it should oe an alliance man as
not. save and except it would be si
great departure to outlaw those of out
fellow citizens who do not belong to
And so we hope that whatever ac
tion may be taken by the alliance here
on the 20th will be wise, conservative,
thoughtful of others, as well as thought
ful for the alliance. We are all in the
same boat, and we shall all have to re
main in the same boat to the end of
the voyage. Let there be that consid
eration and kindly feeling which have
always characterized the democratic
people of the State. Netrs-Obsercer.
Whenever New England proves to
us, because of her entire faith and
kindly spirit in the past, that she ought
to be given the guardianship or vita
interests down here, then and not till
then ought our people to read and
credit the New England Yankee and
republican, now known to the press as
writins under the sobriequet of Old
It the South h;is ever had a toe on
earth it has been this same implacable
New En m hinder, and that we should
learn politics, that liastard politics,
which is fusion, at his hands to-day
seems badly out of sort with tradition
Moreover, when Old Fogy can teach
us that a large percentage of New
England farms are not now a! a alone 1
to the wild weeds of desolation then
should we learn of him the art of
fnrniinv for profit. If he has control
of any choice reflections on woodei
nutmeg culture we would be gjad to
heai from him, but, with this single
saving, in decency he ought to remain
mute. Still, if by any means he can
set neighborhoods, hitherto peaceful
and brotherly, at each other and organ
ize a general so now wow, it is his plain
dutv to do so. Thev all do that. It
seems to be the business in life of half
those follows who come down here.
If they can't raise sand they are un
happy. If he had the fanners of
Rowan to deal with once, he would
learn his lesson quickly. We believe
it "peace on earth, good to man" in
this part of the moral vineyard.
The Industrial South.
Every year the centre of population
in this country moves westward, every
year the industrial centre moves South
ward. Within the past ten years, tak
ing all things into consideration, it has
been moving Southward very rapidly,
but with nothing like the pace it will
in the next ten years. There is more
money being invested in industrial en
terprise in the South now than there
ever was before, and yet a good begin
n n has not been made. There is not
a week which does not show a record
of new investments, some of them very
large, and new industries in every one
of the Southern States, in some more
.1 s .a ...
than in others, but in all enough to
justify the belief that there is a grand
industrial tutuie before them all. The
organization of companies with a capi
tal of $1,000,000, $2,000,000, 3,000,
000 have become events of such fre
quent occurrance as to have almost
ceased to attract attention, while there
are numerous industries started weekly
of which scarcely any mention is made
outside of the localities immediately
1 here never was a time when the
South was attracting so much the at
tention of capitalists of the North and
of England as now, and nearly all the
very large enterprises of which we
read are backed bv Northern or Eng
lish money. Within the last few
weeks $3,000,000 of New England
capit: 1 have been invested in and around
Chattanooga,and a million of dollars oi
more in the Cranberry iron property
of this state. In Alabama, Arkansas
rr i i uuri XT-
and rventucKv. west Virginia, and
Virgiua also very large investments
have been made within the past few
But the largest enterprise recorded
m s j aii
so rar is tne successful scheme to
to build a manufacturing city at Mid-
dleborough, and to make Cumberland
Gap the centre of a great coal and iron
development. Mr. A. A. Arthur, one
of the principal movers in the scheme.
has recently returned from London,
where he has spent three months con
ferring with English capitalists, where
he has succeeded in putting on foot en
terprises which in the aggregate will
involve an investment of $8,000,000
for which the subscriptions were readi
ly made, and he reports that he found
no difficulty in securing all the money
in London for the developments con
templated there for which he could
find profitable use $8,000,000 had been
subscribed for investments, there may
probably be some exaggeration in the
figures, but still there is enough
to show the fact that there is a grand
industrial movement on fot t there
which will bj successfully carried out.
The fact is becoming more recogniz
ed and conceded every day that the
South is the great iron section of this
continent, that she has iron and coal
proximity and both inexhaustable
qualities, and that in the South even
now, where the industry has hardly
got a fair start, iron can be mined and
manufactured much more cheaply, and
with a larger margin for profit than it
can be anywhere in the world. It can
be mined and put on the cars for less
money in Alabama tnan it can in
England, and it can be mined and man
ufactured for less money anywhere in
the iron-producing sections of the
South than it can be in Pennsylvania.
In certain kinds of iron there has
been a decline in prices within the
past year which has had the effect of
closing a good many furnaces in Penn
sylvania which have decided to sns
jiend, temporarily at least, operations
rather than work for the prices ob
tainable in the market. No Southern
furnaces have been closed, but on the
contrary, the nuniler has besn inher
ed, they are all running full time and
and are making satisfactory profits,
notwithstanding the decline in prices.
The reason for this is that they have
the advantage of their Pennsylvania
and other rivals in the proximity of
ore and lime, the abundance and cheap
ness of coke, and the saving of freight
age of these, that their northern rivals
have to pay. In the miningand mill
ing of iron, the South has not only
demonstrated her ability to hold her
own, but to lead her competitors, and
and the result of this demonstration is
the large amount of capital being an
nually in iron properties stud iron pro
ducing and iron making industries.
Within ten years the South will be the
iron-making ectiou of this continent,
and will have within her borders some
of the greatest iron- industries in the
world. WiUmmjton Star.
Killed and Eaten.
San Francisco, May 12. Four
white and flirty-seven natives, who
going as laborers to Australia, were
hwt by tlie Wreck of the schooner
Eliza Mary off the New Hebrides.
The survivors say that about twenty
natives and one white man reached
here, bnt the Islanders, after inviting
them to a feast, tomahawked and ate
the whole crowd, except one boy, who
$150,000,000 00 Per Annum.
THE DEPENDENT PENSION' wt.- $rfn
TAX PER HEAD FOR EVERY MAN, W0-'
MAN AND CHILD IN AMERICA WIDOWS
ANDv PARENTS PENSIONED $8.00 ft
MONTH TO THE DISABLED BURGLAR
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY S SPLENDID
The Service Pension bill which pass
ed the House of Representatives hist
week goes several degrees farther th: ii
any of its predecessors. It provides ( 1 )
ior me paymeuc ot a pension (Sa.OU
per month) to all who served three
months in the L nion arinv and who
are now, from any cause, disabled from
earning their living; (2) all who
served three months shall upon readi
ng the age of sixty years receive there
after, until death, a pension of $8.00
month ; (3) the widows of tho e who
served three months shall on reaching
the age of sixty years receive a pens-ion
of $8.00 per month, to continue during
widowhood ; (4) the- widow of anv .
man who served three m .nth?, if she Le
dependent on her daily exertions for a
iving, shall, no matter what her age,
receive a pension of $8.00 a month ;
(5) minor children of those who served
three vears shall until the age of 10
receive a pension of $S.OO per month.
Hy another bill now pending, depent eat
parents of those who serve I thr e
months are to receive a pension. The
estimated cost of the bill is $40,
000,000 a year; it will probably go
much beyond that. Other pension
bills already in force are taking SllO.-
000,000 per year, making a total of at
least $1 o0,000,000, an aveiage of about
$2.30 for every mau, woman and child
in the country, or $11.50 for every
family. Uncle Sam's income this year
is estimated to be $450,000,000. If
this bill passes, the estimated expend'
tures so far known will reach $458 -000,000.
The surplus, it-will Le seeiy
is not likely to trouble us next year.
The pension bill makes no distinction
whatever between those who served (M)
nays and those who have disabled
themselves in burglarizing a house and
tli j c ,viio have been injured by acci
dent due to no fault of their own, if
anyone is disabled that is all that is
necessary to entitle him to a pension.
If a man is worth $1,000,000 when
reaching the age of 60, he is io receive
the same pension as the man worth
nothing, and in all cases: the money
must come from the people's p.Vckets,
in the way of taxation. We don't care
to express an opinioiv-of the I. ill. Ve
have given facts. If the rest of the
nation feel rich enough to give S11.5H
per family for these purposes, why, we
can stand our share. But we could do
it with much better grace if the sus
picion was free from our mind that the
money is not voted out of gratitude for
services rendered our country so much
as for services rendered or to be ron 1 r
ed a political party.
Another Irish League.
FRENCH AND IRISH PLOTTIHO TO ANNEX
A Montreal special to the Herald
says it is rumored that a new secret
Irish association with a membership
of ten thousand, has deen formed, with
its head centre in that city and Quebec,
and its object lieing antagonistic to
British rule. It is thought that the
principal object is to obtain money fr
the benefit of the Irish home rulo
party, and that a final object is the
separation and annexation, of Canada
to the United States. There are as
many French as Irish members of tho
It will be wel for those intreaguing
foreigners, of whatever blood, to under
stand that an honest cause and silent,
secret machination have no possi Me as
sociation. We hunt no man in: Araer
ca and there is no necessity for occult,
What Hon. Jno. W. Daaiel thinks
Hon. John W. Danretof Lynchburg,
Va., who spent the" last three days in
Raleigh, attending the .Supreme court,
returned hoihe yesterday.
In speaking of pablitTmen, he said
that Senator Vance, of North Carolina,
was one of the ablest of all the-eOun-try's
representatives,and that his advice
was powerful and his influence strong iu.
all the important questions concern
ing the interests of the people and
country. He expressed gratification at
finding a strong sentiment here in
favor of returning Vance to t lie Senate
next term. It istheopiniou of Mr. Dan '
icl that Vance's cox use 1 would bMttt -ed
by the Senate.aiid t hat Carolina can
not do herself no greater honor than
to return nun. relate vnromcie.
Chili, China or Japan conld sweep
the Pacific coast of the Tutted States
without a check at any point. ' They
have ships fit 'for the work, and wo
l ave neither ships nor guns to opposti
them. Three hundred, millions of dol
lars could be taken out of San Francis
co and as much out of other cities,-"
New York Herald.
Better move San Francisco.
Since New Year, 75U,:0 gallons of
California wine have been shipped by
water frem San Francisco to New