f f The Carolina Watchmaft.
f OL. XX1T,TH1RB S2B1
U Il&TOY. IT. C. -TETOBD AY, DECEHBEB, U, 1.800.
for Infants end
foiown tdm." II. A. Ancicn, TD.,'
i HI So. QsTord t., CroaJda, 17. Y.
-The iie ot ' Castorfa ' Is sounlve r.l and
fiut-iBBrOAfiO w0'1 towu that it sf-sms-.c. work
!j juiitllHnn to endorse it. Few are tba
- frt'iliKtut ftndlle who do not keep Carforia
' .'.,i,.n f asr resell " '
1 Caulos idARTYKj D D.. iTIie Wlfiihrop," liSUi Street and Ttb Aveu,"
J,it; t asvji
SFKKl Sd -
.fasti Cities, Towns am-
Vi11iits in tlief a(th.
TOTAL ASSESS -
J. AI LTi N BRO W E-,
i v ?aJlslnrv,
'X t . , .
NFVEf CHOKES or
aSIAKS THE ROLL.
A 5 c J
hm all LATEST IMPiJOVE'EfJTS
i:lud:r rr :nlarr Wheel ea llmuU whi ch in
urea eve ficwed. Tit3 feature fs Jjeciuiar to
U ihamake of Gin and Is ust d on no- other. Aw
ITI.TV (a AASJt..Sian j .ire -,-,
. ': 'KKI4JUT at any R. R- Station or
ibr lunding of any Horrular Ger.mboai Line in
tj Souta. If W usve no gmit i:or yoa,
, d33th General Sou'h.,,:i Aj?.Bt.
T.j. as. ""f ' r..rrrtiitwt. iiih,r,iwJ
-,Ww. Ejh.-.,E,t?.T.un.l rFJffl
Published every Wwlnesday at Topeka, Kan.,
by The Advocate Publishing Co. S1.00 per year.
Matter, State and Na:
tional. An exbaus
Ove discussion ot the
TarllT, Finance and
and all economic and
other iucs of impor
tance u the people.
- - g
The prp:it nnlitlful tr'nmnh of thp Alliince Or
People s Party In which Tim Advocate has
yitiis: poieni a ncror u iasi k,v"b -Uoiwl
reputation and circulation. Cheered And
encouragtd hy-'tlie liiagoifleent result so far at
Ulnwl, with untfavertuj; faith in the future, and
jpailug that the grand beginning U but the
niing ..oi ajuonous uay nr toe masses o
flf? THE AllVOCATK Wl.i hODFftiUY LUfSlie
US mlssi.ili Mul.&pi-lntirtn nri. Sl.ftA HPT Car.
ADVOCATE PUBLISHING CO.
V. I.. WWU PMM lino
... ; .ir. ktmiiiM-i! oi: lltu
ktt If th deit'f 1viuf'K.lply
l direct io factory, cmluslng uavcrt?ea
W. L. DOUGLAS
rllip C-tr tt
ri;ti C-ir ii...,.., .,.a rimSn nml CtTcd.
'34 $2 SHOES
1.7.r SHGK FOR TtlTSSKS.
MaTeriaJ. llnt Rty?e. VWrt Fitting.
jrT " ?o'JKlas, Bro -ktoii. Mam. Soid by
,f SI..T n t. - - 4 A R rf? ft.
i . , , - ' ; . i
r.- n' III Ml world.
g..,0ti f.KM'lNK H.N-NK.Vi:i) MIOE
!.' I'OI.K f ,N1 I'AltSlI KS'MrOE.
S J woiiKiNf;Mi:N's siioks.
fWe-aiMl 1.75 Bins' SC'flOO!. s?;JES.
Afl I: ..I,, i. .... !!...., ..... I 1..H-I.
Castorla carc C'nlic C'rjrtipatkMi,
Si:r Stomach, Diarrhoea. EructatioTi,
Kilia 'orras, givei sleep, and pronsotes di
gestion, Vithoat ii:jui iou3 medication.
Tor cetera! yean I have recomtnn'lel
your " Cawtoria. ' an.I shall Always eonUiii to
So so oi it hM iiivariahlyroduoed bes(dat
Coxpax?, 77 JTcbray Steeet, Kew York.
J. RHODES BROWN
WM. C. COABT
- - -
r sident A gent,
N. C. "
i er i: c a i ' ; i". . l n . c i. k m set
CtVAIGE & CLEMENT,
Attoi2icvo -A."t Liaw
S.Vt.lSISU UY, X . C.
Clerk Superior Court, J M Ilorah.
sheriff. 0 (' KrjdVr.
lh-bister of Deeds, II N Woodson.
TreasirCer, .1 Sam'l MeCubbins.
Surveyor, ' C Arey.
Coroner, A A t we!
T J Sumner chairman,
i i' il'i.i. .Hi- 1. V. ('..In.
V li Iduttz, C F P, ikeiyDr L W Cole-
i::a.n,T orueiius iveslier.
Kup't Public Schools, T C Linn.
Sup't of Jfealth, Dr J .1 StunmereU.
Overseer of Poor. ATM Brown.
- TOWN. .
flavor. J W Rumple.
'Clerk, 1) 11 Julian,
Treasurer. Ill Foust.
Police, It W Price, chief, J F Pace, C
W Pool, R ?.I Barringer.
Commissioners North ward, .1 A Ren
dleman, D 31 Miller; South ward, I) R
Julian, .1 A Uarred; East ward, J li Cor
don, T A Coughenour; West wa;-d, R J
Holmes, T C Linn.
Methodist Services evjfy -Saiiday at
II a in and til p m. Praver meeting
every Wednesday at (ii i in. Rev T W
Sunday school every Sunday afternoon
at '5 o'clock. J W Mauney, sup't.
Presbyterian Stjvviees everv Sunday
at 11 am and S:: p m. Prayer meeting
every Vedncslay at 8:80 p m. Rev J
Sunday schocl every Sunday afternoon
nt 4 p m. J Rumple, sup't,
Lutheran Services every Sunday at 11
a m and 7 p m. Prayer meeting every
Wednesday at 7 p m. Rev Chas B King,
Sunday school every Sunday afternoon
at -J p m. R G Riser, suprt.
.iiscu jiiii obm twn w j r-HiiMi;i :i i 11
i.i .M.i n-an'i. ..n.i win-i-,- t nan
r.1 . : ........ l o t c i i -ii
p m. Rev F J Murdoch, rector.
Sunday school every Sunday af'crnopn
at'apia. Capt Theo. Parker, siip'f. .
Baptist Services every Sunday, morn-
ing and, night. Prayer meeting
.Wednesday uiglit. Rev r-
Sunday school every Stiuday at 9 a.m.
i nos Ij Sm ink, sup t.
, . -- - - t r
i Tjy-tirst Thursday night iu every month
1 11 I-oust, pre.s l.
Fulton Lrdire No 90 A F & AM, meets
prprv Hrdf. :itiil :!,',!.! 1 1 i ! 1 1 in i.n!i
month KBNeaye W M - ,
SahAimrv Lodge, No 21. k of P, meets !
rr " i i . ii a .
every Tuesday night. A H Boyfeii,CC.
&lishuv T mlo Vn 775 K 'f H hw-pIm
Mibimi i oi ood.h.o iiiimtiv
everv 1st t-nd PmI MoaUy night iu each
I t ' : t i i , . t ' , 1 .
I :iLni m, Ayiv-uiivi . i x
Salisbury C aiucil, No 272. HdyaF Ar-
canuin, racrts cyery so aim -tin aionuay
nigh.t- i.u each -month. J A Rnnisay,
n V 1-1.1 i i i
. POsT OF PfC E.
OlTlee hours from 7:Z0 am (n o::;0 -p m.
Money ostler hours 0 a in lo o p in.
Sail layTiours 1 M0 a m to 12:b0 pm
J II Ibinisay, P if.
SV-'RIliE For. TU y ATCM T f M
Trn:iiTIi:s IN lfli!i f! diUlilliiill
O 1 ,mm "
Children Cry for Pitcher's Cactorla.
uataonc ervices every seeomi Mm- lriUepenueui. umi. nc uujinwu uim a o Father has the key.
- . i 1 i . I ' l... in, ..ii..n,i..il .tnt .
AiiV r o-r.,, 1 y ayounggianr. i .oe felt templed to ind
i Jaejer, pastor. . was an ardent geologist, coubl , , , . 1 .,
j - ...1 every Sunday t 10., ,. Hfe4" ... , a,. ,x,-,t, . 9e
t Y ii C A-Dcvolioiiat rI tit Hull v,' his lomiiitiiiiis mid woraliineii : U!1" " ,,.i i.i.
1 v & v i i i ; i i , i v .it i i . t :. in 'o i tin r i -
TVa -Ai.v uiw biv nt I Uiid;.i r.e. - . . . . It HK LiltT UIVIC nuuritu
Hu Old Yellow Almaaao.
1 left the farm when mother rtiedj and
Changed my place of dwcllin'
To daughter Waste's stylish house, right
in the city street
And there 4S them, before 1 came that
sort of seared ale, ted I'm' .
How t would find the tnvVh folks' way
too difficult to ineet.
They Raid I'd have ho comjfort In the
hustling ftred-up tfirohgt
And I'd have to wijtu h! iff coliais every
week-day right along.
eK-uay ngnt n.ona. j
X laid t Uike to c ty Wnys just like u duck I
to water j- j
1 like the racket and the noic, and ncv-
er tire of show;
And there's i.o end of comfort in
mnns'.on ot my dauutet ;
And everything bright at hand, and;
money freely flows
And hired help i about, just Jisteidn for
But I miss the old yellow almanac off'
Tne houe is full of c.iland ir from attic j
to the cellar,
They're printed m all colors, and are
fancy like to see;
Bat mst in this narticular 1 am not a
And th:: ye! low -covered alnnnic is
good enough for m ;
I'm used to it I've seen it round from
boyhood to old ae,
And rather like the jokiir at the bottom
of each pape.
I like the way the "S''tood out to show
the week's beginnin'
In these new fancied calandrfrs the days
seemed sort of:: ixrd, "
And the man upon the cover, though be
wa n't exaetly winniiK,
With lungs aim liver all exposed, still
fdiowed how we are fixed;
And the letters and credentials that were
writ to Mrs. Aytr.
I've often on a rainy day, found readin'
I tried to find one recently, there wa'n't
one in the city,
They toted out great calenders in every
i iudkcii ai inem m eoiu uiiwmii, umi
answered ein in juty,
"I'l rather have my almanac than all
that costly pile."
And though I take to city life, I'm lone
some, after all,
For that old yellow almanac upon my
kitchi n wall.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox, in November
Lovo in Steel Sracelets.
In Cheyenne's early days the sheriff
was one of the most important perso si
lages in the country. In f;;;?t he stol
' holds a co.ispicue.iir, position in ine.st
cities f the igoreus. inipetuons West.
rnmie years g' , bHenft Mac, ot
I l.ivnnnu lV.i nil'.cll ; M II ( iVl'i I liV 1 ' (
Cheyenne was much annoyed bv il
iv i tie?
pcrsisieiicy and determination
of su u-
c i v suitors ior uie uauu
I I I" . A I I ..... I
of his fair
daughter! Mips Helen.
As is always the case iw mining dis
tricts, the male population farootuuin
bered the gentler st x. and Miss Helen,
who was ;i handsome brunette, would
have been u belie among far severer
critics than the youths of Cheyenne.
She had graduated at St. Louis, and
besides being a gifted musician was a
devoted worshiper of nature and fond of
Almost, any fine evening in summer
a passer by might hear her rich mezzo
voice accompanying her guitar to some
ringing "ballad of the plains."
Unconscious was she c?f the fact that
the melody floated out from the shad
ows of the eo! ton wood trees aud min
gled with the broad, effulgent moon
light, and that many a luckless youth
dated a hopeless love from the first
riti i i . i .
evening wiwn ne nau uiuppcn in io
help the shei iff and the old servants in
inaKing ail auuieuee.
Helen cared little for the mi
! o ...,, iJufc Ceeited it as a
matter of course, having been brought
up among thein. Sh? enjoyed herself
in a fashion of her own, with hr
books, guitar, sketch door, aud her
. . ii ii;:uc...
spirited no se, vv uuu r.
Iwo ot her lovers, however, seem en
'o k'ain more favor th in the rest, in
fact, popular opinion was puzzled as to
which would vin.
, One of them was a tall, athletic
VOnMir Westerner, who was us bright
and invigorating of presi lice as
as 1 1
be breathed, and IU whose clear b
eyes nor a simoon or ..-cil imuh-.
. i e j .... :t ..:..:i.i..
Mandsome, far true, but so sturdy and
But with all his devotion Joe vyas a
disereet young fellow, and held hi
j curty head up in dehauee ot mankind
j in general and his rival in particular,
md he nt v r let the fair Helen fee! too
- I ..........f
.fa resaid rival wits a wealthy
' . :.
voiiiiiT nun owner troiu hicago ail
3"M;W , ,, , r i
that IS cOiiVeVCd 111 the tei lil a polldir-d
gent.emah! He t;ad laughed i.eari oy
1 . L. .L.ti'te inrr i.m' I . .
' n XIF'if a f IiCMai finii Jl nm m'lii.
t i, rJhicaSO li tends had i.kittglv pie-
dicttil thiil he would lo..e u.s he.iit io
some Western beauty. But here i.,-
was, eager to lay his f-te .md fortune
at the feet, of the s'ler ff'.; queenly
t t . t,1- .I-.,- in .
t:. if..i ..i ,nJ ,i.J
lf,l IltTi"I vllllll IVU riWmm wi
ner with her sketching materi il; es
tensildy to 111 ike soma sketches of tin
.i itu tin e.eiierv, but realty ro coki-
1 :tiuie with rami , me ousy ui'mu i
! sh- bad . ver known, ami d.-c:de wi.at
1 w rsle ..uhl giveon;theriorr iw t.,
, , . v.e.diiiy .oi i, woo inat u.y h ui
tMune with ratur', the onlv m .111 r
III . VVi:.llllJ .,. "il
- w i k bi
Oh i ld him
that .lie mnst redd he ." n be.irt be
fore she could art?" a 1 he hoped
for a Favorable reply,
Joe had be.n offended bv nne of her
hasty speeches a tveVk jpefore They
were talking about . ftlSell. and she
had asserted somewba Warmly that
she.knew whose soctetshc preferred.
A soon as the imnuliife words were
spota" she rcpenteA but Jc rode i
away with a look in fctfves that
i haunted btef ever sii
)r,utltctl Jj. viVei- sinC(tV
Somehow .Jqu s fiftut.V lie.!, nmig
back lke u rt;f at baVv-kept foouiihw
up In? fore lier ieitai tiot when duty
demanded that she by j hhikinj; of Rus-
11 Mtid his natterintt offer.
rri i , , i
, (he hohiMAvo.e on and so preoccu-
P""' was she that she did not observe the
the henvy clouds that were rolling
back and fortir doit1 the mountain
Suddenly a lnr-e li-RBplnlwd in
her face, and she looked about her let
niarni. A r.eavy crjiunoctinl storm
seemed almost Upon her.
Wildfire spr-'hir forwan
pr.'.uj lorwiird at the
touch oi the whip, and iiti-rally flew
in t lie direct ion of : he house.
The great clouds were lolling over
Ihe hiils like giant ogres chid in mist.
Thunder and sharp, vivid lightning
followed, and I hen the dcinge.
ildfire dashed on until he came to
the creek, and then (he girl drew back
The creek was a foani'iisr torrent,
and she could not see the bridge.
Suddenly she heard a man's voire
shouting to her, and in a few minutes
.loe on hi tough t little mustang was
beside her. He wore a buffalo over
coat and threw a large cloak of her
own about her shoulders. She did
not wait to ask how he happened to
come for her. She forgot that he was
angrv and hurt. She reached out her
firm, white hand and caught Joe s ex
tended lingers, and side by side the j
two noises were
l):i!ge. ; pied a cell m the tier just above one
"They galloped home in silence, and S where Jack was confined, and for a
when they reached there and Helen J long time they had no means of com
stepped into the friendly shelter of j muiiicating with one another. Rodifer
the broad veranda she noted the fact wsu daring fellow, but he had not
that doe led both horses to the stable 1
put them up,
Half an hour later Joe, arrayed in j
Sheriff Black's dressing gown and !
si i ipers (articles brought by Miss
Helen from the East), was explaining;
to the rosy, demure young mistress of i
the house that her fatlur had been i
suddenly called to the next town, and
miirht not return until early morning.
He asked me to keep a sort of took-
cufc ovor t he place, and when I rode
over to ask you to invite me to tea
and found you gone, I hastened after
Tins speech over an embarrassed
silence followed. It
v.;is broken by
Joe. who looked straight at his
hostess and said:
"If I am intruding Miss Nellie, just
give the word and I'll go."
Helen assured him in a constrainel
sort of way that she was glad of com
pany, and went -at to prepare the
supper herself, for in those days, as
now. servants- were rare ami inefficient
in the West.
After supper, in au awkward pause
of the conversation. Joe took up a lit-
tie case from the table and began ex-
aming its contents a bright new
uair of hand cuff.;. J
They were a new kind, just from
the East; and Helen began explaining
thc spring lock which opened, with a
Somehow one of the bands was on
oe's wrist as he slipped the other
bright circlet over her firm, white
hand, when, lo! the lock snapped and
they were locked together.
Helen blushed crimson and com-
menced searching for the key inner-
tut no kev was to be found. Sud-
, i , -h t th jawlied npon her. The
, - . , ,1ua0f nnJ h
was on the other side of
L Jl 11V I ictviiv io j'wv xi4 iiv
which was now a foaming torrent and
dangerous to cross in the storm and
She tried to smile and treat Ihe
matter lightly but it was just tin;
Host oi :i sniius ana it was a very
,,-. ik. -i.
r . il i A il.
11 . uiriliwn, umv i"-o"i oivuk
i ..ii, ;i r i it m:Kr. tro- . it .
essed 1 ace
great throb of sorrow came over him.
f she loved him she would not care
so m ich,
iio gazel at the shining fetter on
h?r wrist so long and s earnestly that
Helen lifted her eves wonderi ugly, but
dropped them again.
U hat women ever failed to read the
1 ,. , i
st.rv that she saw in the honest bine
, , ,,
depth of her humble young giants
Her confusion encouraged Joe. but
tli re w.is almost a tremor irt his voice
as i,..' iaiii his great brown hand ovei
. her l'tdiered one and said softly: "Neil
i if you only loved me I would lielieve
j that it was fate thai bound us to ge'
' iter 1 would take it as an omen that
fntewoald grant me my dearest wish
But. Nellie, I -dare not hop-;."
The gtnl looked up tjowly into her
lTcrg eyes: looking i,teauiiy, though
i,AC : 1
t't'ii saw th r.t louL .n lue.:i: "J.
sl.e sai l,
ihe cod and c.tltercl
w-a'J! Lav. fcja
a u . -eon "....at
Joe Gordon's shoulder, and. perhaps,
he Wduld have marveled still more had
he known that at that moment the
thought of him and his millions did
not otice eater her mind.
Jv Su m:.' VT, 1
2 iter" te fo,m1 8,1 m- l
When the sheriff returned in th
hm... . .. i i .
i ne lamp sun ournea in the corner
Mid the fire was smouldering awaf . On
the 'broad lounge by the fireplace sat
iierea and her lover. She had fallen
asleep from sheer weariness, and Joe
sat like a stature lest he might dis
turb the fair sleeper whose cheeks
was so -near his own.
The old gentleman's face n-asa study.
When the frith dawned upon him, he
flung himself info the nearest chair
and laughed until he .vaked the echoes
likewise Miss Hellen.
She was at first bewildered by hr
novel position and relapsed into silence,
leaving Joe to tell the story.
"And now, sheriff," said he, "von
may loose these fetter with the under
standing that they will be replaced by
more enduring op.es. 1 must let my
Helen's father always liked young
Gordon, and his blessing was fort.li-
rhe announcement of the approach-
: i : t . n r ii ii
..,.!.... ao ax., ihiiw a con-
llwK'O nlkl?tl'.ll ulld bn tr.f b.d ..mv I . .
; . . ' "I' I
.iu. ui. iii Sinn i. iiiuci .iiiti leiui ueo Jiast.
The old sheriff used to teli with
great gusto how Gordon won his pret
ty daughter ami how gracefully she
Wiis won. Atlanta Constitution.
A Cockroaci Lett3r-3irrier.
A common cockroach was trained to
act as a letter-carrier between William
' Rodifer and "Starlight Sack" Ryan,
1 convicts in Southern Indiana Peniten-
i tlMI'V It Id 1 il i ! v I i V t lln (.ii I - ina.h(.i
j v...,..ii.. i.i. ..jit, i.f.i.n.ji.t
recurd, too, there was any use found
' little creature. Rodifer occu-
sufficient imagination to get up a plan
f escape, and he relied on the bright
d of his friend, "Starlight Jack," to
siigueot an idea. One evening R -difer
noticed an inocent looking cockroach
running about on the -floor. After
wutchi.ig its gambol in gs for a time he
concludel that he could use it. So
fritting a noty to his friend, he tied it
t,,,' cockroach's wing, and kneeling
; down on the door he put it on the wall
uhr the iron balcony in front of
11 II . i . ... . . , ,
cell. He calculated that it would ruu
into the cell underneath. And it did.
Jack noticed the paper, caught the in
sect, and read the note. 'i'hn he ah-
w-'red it, and poking the little creature
out on the wall from the ceiling over
the door he released it. The roach
' went into Rodifers cell aud was caught.
I Then they fed and cared for it, and
used iu this manner for some
months. In fact it grew to under
stand its business. It must have been
a female cockroach, however, for one
d iV it stopped to chat with a friend.
ana was noticed by a wanderer. The
note, which was written in som? sort
or cipher, was taken off, and bospita
steward, Dr. Sid C. McCure, read it
', Then the beetle was put on the bat
, conv floor, and it ran into Rodifer
cell. Thus the officials were kepi
posted as to the plans of the two fa-
uiotis jail-breakers. After a time Jack
i began to suspect that some thing was
wrong, and tabled a postscript to hit
letter something like ibis: "If everv
t hing is right you will find a hair from
my head in this note.11 The warden
i l-i.i i.-i
'read it, as 1 aid others, hut dropped
the hair and lost it. "JNever mind it.
said Captain Craig, whose heir was red,
i'!'"1 mine in if." The answer came
back: "That hist whipping must have
been au awful one, Jack, for it ha.
,.h,.,d tl, ,.!,,. ,,f v,..- b,.ir" Tl,
uiii u v v ' v j i a
scheming of those two worthies came
to naught, however, ami they saved
their tfiius. SashcHle Advocate.
Tiiegre.it mass of college graduates
come out with a itntastc lor business.
"The n timber of college-bred men
m - -
Low. very trulv, "is exceedingly small
I us compared with tae number iu bun
ul 51 iihss w ho have not la?en through r;l-
I - - cy
. , v ,fc . as() mia ndli.,v Th(
training adapts a man lo the profes
sional lie tl more pariicullv, or lo a life
of scholarly pursuits or of elegant leis
ure. It is not intendel t:i develop iu
him tiie capacity tor money making.
The uioiie) in y come, but ii is not tue
end for which i.e studns. His tate.
ic ravliei' directetl lo pur.-niii which
.iiv laivly lucrative in a mgu degree,
i'ne grea.et in is. oi p ropie woi k lor
Lneir living, and derwfe iheniseves to
ihe task U.iiloiiL ills.raci ion: college
education is desirable for the tew ou'y.
,tnd to them u ii piolitable for them-
i . a f 0
aeiven ami lue resi. or soeieiy. Irn man
mu.st make money, or is oeteriHined to
in. ike moiiev, if .1 hat is his main pur
pose iu life, i.e i likely to be hurt more
.n. .ii he is helped bv a cotieg.' t raining,
tie must b gin in iMiyhood, when 1 1
mind and ciiaracter are plaxiie. O her
wise wealth in come lo h.m.bui only
as an accident, as a cOliciusioii, foi
vhich uis eariv training was riot." the
e.gie.i prep ir.it on. 'h very (tttfr
f. lelveen the exores,ou of th'
en Miiauatice of college lr I rii -n and
i tttoaness-breit m.-a Urils,c?ury. Ae.r
i oi k am.
A Great People.
A REVIEW OF A HUNDRED YEARS.
The enntrmerftTion of the people of
the country bv the census orate has
ccmpletwl. and the Hiin.Wr of il-
- '.it. - .nts'of th, countn- in June l.st,
when the count was made, was almost
exactly sixty-two and a half millions.
It is a remarkable circumstance, and
illustrates the wonderful growth ofthe
coimfrv, that in srute of the fact th
the" population disclosed the census ex
hibits an increase of twelve aud one
third millions, and almost twenty-five
per cent, yet i he increase is not great
enough to satisfy tuv people, and has
leu some ot them to think that the
m . i ...... . . :
count is incorrect. But while no doubt j
there have been failures to make Hie j
iiiii i in v. it i .t i w, 1 1 vi r aiiu
there, it is probable that the enumera
tion has been as full as any census of
so populous and sor broad a country can
Not withstanding the wonderful and
steady growth ot population in the
United States, the relative rank of the
world, i:i point of numbers, remains
unchanged. China still heads the list,
with more than four hudred milium
('l!xM M I I i il ...... , l- . t ........ ..... '
people; tireat Britain, with ils colonies
and depemleiicies, follows closely;
tSus.na is third; France; including its
. . , ....
possession in Asm and Africa, . comes
l oi t it It ; and this country is HLh.
But America has strode past many a
country since its firtt census, a century
ago, (lisclo-ed only four million people,
inhabiting a narrow fringe of bind
along the Atlantic coast; and now only
China and Rusia can outnumber the
population of the con ii try without re
ckoning the alien people who have
been conquered and are hel 1 in subjec
tion as dependents.
The census office, iu announcing the
result of the count, grouped together
the states as they are studied m school
geographies. Some startling facts ap
pear when we examine the figures as
thus presented. For example, the
States and Territories frmn the Rocky
Mountains westward now contained
inure than three-fourths s many in
habitants as the whole country contain
ed when the first census was taken it.
17(Jd, and Colorado is more populous
than .New i oi k was then.
In fact we sea bv figures that steady
movements westward of the centre of
population which has been goiug on
iroin the beginiug. Nw rjiigland With
New York, New Jersey and Pennsvi
Viiuia have gained much more slawlv
tuu.i their sister States westward; aud
the same movement u observed in the
Southern States'. 1
If we look at the individual Slates
we shall discover some iuteivstiug facts.
l'wenly years ago there were only fif
teen States in the Union that had more
than a million inhabitants each, and
and but four of thee had at
least two million each. In 1S81 nine
teen States hi I passed Hi- mil lion
murk, and those winch contained more
than two million had been increased
by one, Missouri.
By the census of ISO) there '.ire
tweitt)-six States containing nunc than
a million people, Maryland. South
Carolina, laiuisiau, Arkansas, Kansas
and California have been added during
the last decade; while Massachusetts,
Indiana, Michigan and Texas have
nassnd the two million mark, and have
I rough t the number of States of the
first rank in population up to nine.
When a gre.it State is growing rap
idly, the actual -number ot inhabitants
it gains is something prodigious.
Peiiusvlvanii added iKH),(AM) to its
population in the last ten yeirs, New
York nine hundred and r r. y thousand,
Illinois seven hundred and forty thou-,
sand. But Nebraska makes the mo4
astonishing growth, with an increase
of six hudred and four thousand.
After all, while we are proud of the
great, growth of population, which
gives political power to the Slides and
MimiMiiuities. we mav easily set too
high a value upon ncre numbers, For
tunately we may truthfully assert that
other elements of national greatness
go hand in hand with this growth, and
as the United Stales is already the
greatest self-governmg coniMiuiiity of
rn e.n tii. so i it detuned to ho the
grandest union-; t!u n itioni.
Rill .ca a tno oeni5
A f for th Arn"rio n pp'e h ive "fill
ed no the U. S. Senate with million
aires a'nl renr"enthtivr of gr-at e n-
rwir-iliona. thev will OU1? d-IV h'lV ;
rude awakening to Ci iuptu iil
tuniditv th-v have b n g idry of
Capital h'is no "vichvic- By t hi" wi
do not wi-h to h? mdertool to hob.
that the possession of wealth, nee
esn-ilv prevents a can fron Imviu'
co(...,t ion -."rnp'o; hn' wnih main
tain that a great nervinvil?itio:i o
wealth, whfn repre'enteil by a eorpo
ration, and ofte'i when represented h
a single ipdividnil, beco rt n v si
"rinding, rer.Trse:,fs entn ,
no n-or il 1 ws. I res riered on.y
1 1 .
such legslation as em ru:i the gtuiit
let of its hostile iiill'i-rr . T..e sun
f a million do I ri i.i mjg'ificr t li t
any man ho lurks behin I it w it
owner. The ermey m inters t'a? man
It give.; opT'irtnuities th it ire t:m;ita
turn- n t bV'br? r sist-1. The ptwe
mil of a g."; it- P n't of x :i iti-m's we.ilt
hv st eomfviritivel? few iiiJivi.Li.iU i
to Ik; dep'ored, but it, cannot well b
help-d without a return to arinrcHy.
We can, ho"'vor. 'Ui-tiue to let the.-i
men le our I iw makers.
hat do peorde mean bv a "thor
oughbred horse?"' The word hi a
purely eonventiofia significance As
usd in English racing circle, the feint
utboronghbrtd'1 means ahorse or u
mare whose pedigree is registered in
the "Stud-Book" kept bv the official
agent of the Jockey Club, The first
attempt toevolve-wder out of tlie dnm
of English equine pedigree was made
in 1701, ami the first volume of th
Kud-Book was published in 1S(. All
ihe horses now on the turf or at the
stud in England trace their ancestry
in the direct male line to oue or other
of three stallions, viz: f he itvm4t TtfL-
of whom mdhmy is known
that he was the charger of a Captau
Byerly fn 1GSV); the Kariv Arabian a
genuine: Arab, nnjorttd from Alimpo
about .the end of thrreigiif WjrtuTio-
ii, .init iinr rrcimunniue Araoiau, or
B u b, brougnt to England about twenty-five
yejus later. It is s aid to b
impossible to find an Eaglih thor
oughbred that through mljes" or f.
m ales does not combine thie blood of
all these progenitors.
It is curious that the development of .
speed in the trotting horse, to which
so much attention is now pwid intlu
United States' dale bad tojthe iuinor-
1 I 'I . .A .- It 1 . " -l"
tation, in 17S8, of the thoroughbred
I. mm IT
horse Messeager from England to Pi.il
adelphia.1 This horse, a gray stallions-
was at the stud tor twenty years, and
almost every trotter of merit in this
country, whose pedigree an be work
ed out liny be traced back to Messen
ger, who seems to have had the facul
ty of transmitting to a large percen
tage of his deceiidants, whether thor
oughbred or not, the trotting instinct.
lint, ot course, this instinct has been
amazingly developed by breeding and
triiiiiing. X. Y. 'Ledger.
How Tims is Distribntei by Telegrapi
The national Observatory at Wash
ington considers it au important part
of its business to determine and givo
away to any one who choose to ask
I it absolutely correct time at noon each
day.. Experts paid by Uncle S ini make
the computati nis and pi-ess the button
at precisely 12 o clock, thus commiini
eating the hour to various department
in this city. The Western Union is
permitted to have its instruments in tha
room whence the message i sent, with
an attachment to the button, so thut
the news is flished. directly iro n tho
observatory without even the aid'of au
operator-ll over the United State.
reaching even so distant a point
San Francisco within the space of not
more tluiiroue-fifth of a second. For
such is the utmost twinkling f required
for the passage of an electric upailc
through 3U,(XKM) miles of wire.
To iiccouiplish this the te'egrapb
company is obliged to take a.'l other
bnniuess off the wires each day jnat la--fore
12 o'clock. Three minu & and x
half before noon ai rives operators la
idl parts of the country ceases send in.:
or receiving messages and devote tlierr
atteution to attaching wiresn uch a
miiuner as to establish unbrokea con
nection from Washingtoa with poi.i
in every section f the Union to whim
the lines extend their ramifications. A
dozen seconds before the time bell is to
strikea few warning ticks come flashing
along,, aud at the very moment when
the sun passes over the vcntv-htUi
meridian a current gives-a signal' thro.
from Maine to Florida and from tuj
Atlantic to the Pacific, information m
htu expectant nation of the time of day.
r No.v the way iii wiijcli the telegraph.
company makes is money by celling i
tothe poeple all over the 'United Suu ;
who wave cloc'.s and fiinl it of iiiip r
tance t keep them light. lt tlii
manner it keeps corectetl hyelectric.il
fti abxdote sol ir time no less than 7,
tKH) clocks iii the city of New Yjr.c
alone. Com. Gazette VitUbnra.
. Th: Electric Matar's Wo;k.
The New York Sun th i Kpikj ti'
Hlwctric powfr. in which tne niortor is
summed flip as follows:
"In some cities km -far has the se of
ehvf ric motor gone, th-it it lis posib! ?
f r a mail to-,,y to . drink at breikfast.
coffee grond and e a fruit evap -rati d
hy elefrie jHMvr. H .ring the m r. -.ng
he will conduct hi huin"i with
e.ectrically made pens ami ptner ruli
ny electr.city. ami make his recor is i
rtieet neatly oonud no -, hi s vent i
tory otiiee, pi all pritbibilit7. Mils
reached hy an electric nfofof elevator.
Vr, lunc neon lie will Ik able to dwhsi
auigs, huttr and brent, and i
nrght. f at ice erea i nnd ormk b- t
water due to t he ime electric d eT' '.
tie wnl rule all aKvit the phee in eb c
tric car. weir sh'rts Ih1 coll in ni?n
gle.l and ironed by eetric moror--,
-sports a siit of ilohe so went and a hat
nocked ey th' nn ' nv m; o-i holi
hys ride a merry-go round popelbd
oy all electric motoror h ive Ins lo--logg
in h in Im1 np the slid, with eq:i
ftcdity; be called to church by an eng
ine illy tappeil hell, sing hymns to th ;
iccoiup mi ne it of an eiectri -.iby
down org ui, b; bariel in t co.J i (,t!
lectnc ui ik , a j I. I ist of til. h ;ve h,
i nne c trve.l on his tom'-to:m ?y tiie
ame sii'dl-?, mvterio all-p... .4,
, i 1 i.i lefdtgi'.!.? ig iy. V ,iA ,Hl
iHia l like i w.td i. id ex i eraut Jig. in
; fancy, bj. i u ..u,dy a faithf.,1
t itenieiit of the in iii.ier in whicheleti
rn ity is iieing "I'lppli dloever, ie ,:
wt.- "MO .liiu iu.v. . .. hti in