VOL XXII, THIRD SEEIES.
SALISBURY. N. C. THURSDAY, DECEMBER, 25, 1890.
' - "BWPWM""a"wftftftBftMBftMftfcB"ftt
fl Leading Furniture 'Dealer and Undertaker
know offering the Largest and Best Assorted block ol Inrni
- turo ever brought to this place.
PAH LOR TITS !
Mo!. nir Crusli Plush at fCQ.CO. Former
Silk Plusli at foO.OO. Former price,
Wool Phish at $:J."5.00. Former price,
$45,00. - .
PL' NOS A7sD OKGANS.
"Wilcox and White- Orgai.s and Dccher
Bios., Cfcicktrin. it Sens ai:d W lit clock
HEO LOOM SUITS!
Antique Oak, Antique Ashe, Cherry and
Walnut at pruts that-del'y competition.
A LAKGE STOlK
Of Cl.aii-s, E'aUs-, liliiUmMt c-1 all Kii.cls
Spring ITyds, Work Tables for Ladies,
Pictures and Piture Flames o vie'
and quality alv,;i s intiock, or wiH be
made to oi del on "Short notice at reason
A lurgc stock of Da!y Carriages vith
wire vhc s a! 7. 00.
Silk I'iUbli heal and atjn Par-sol Car
riages with w ire wheels at (i.l 10.50.
Formerly sold lor V:2 50.
UNDElRrrAKIKG DEPAL'i RiEXT !
Special attention given to m.d lUikirg
in all its brandies, at all hours day ami
Pa i ties wishing my services at niht will
all at my residence on Bunk street, in
" Brook Ivn."
On Christmas day, when fires were lit,
And all our breakfasts done,
We-spread our toys out on the floor
And played there In the sun.
The nursery smelted of Christmas tree,
And under where Jt stood
The shepherds watched their flock' of
AH made of painted wood.
Outside the house the air was oold
And quiet all about,
(Till far across the snowy roofs
The Chrism as bells rang out.
But soon the slay bells jingled by
Upon the street below,
And people on the way to church
Went crunching through the snow.
We did not quarrel once all day;
Mamma and grandma said
They liked to be in inhere we were,
So pleasantly we played.
I do not see how any child
Is cross on Christmas day,
When all the lovely toys are new
Aud every one can play.
Katheriue Pyle in St. Nicholas.
Thanking my friends and the public
generally for past patronage and .ijking a
continuant the same, I am,
Yours anxious to oleasc,
G . W. WH GET,
reading Furniture Dealer.
- IW1LL BE FOUND
mjAHDSOMEST ASSORTMENT OF
IE W FALL AND WINTER GOODS
PRESS GOODS f EATABLES.
"11 the Shades and Fa-1
es of .the Coming Sea-
This is now nnfMi for in-
cwon; it is handsome
wit nriee$to suit the
The best Flour made in
America; Hie lest Cured
Meals to be had, Canned
Fruits,. Meats and Vege
tables of all kinds at old
prices, and the Choicest
Teas, ('coffees and Cocoas
from many climes.
The Largest and Best
J assortment in town, from
the finest Kid and Calf
hand-ewed made, down
I to the cheapest made, of
All Leather, at the very
' Lowest of all Rock Bot-
I torn Prices.
E offer SPECIAL INDUCEMENTS to the
us before you buy as we mean to sell you gooas CPIEAP
or barter. Nonr to serve,
KLUTTS & RENDLEMAN.
Regulators of low prices
' 4-Eton Company
.Cities. Town, im
J. liHODES BRQWNJ
WM. C. COABTV
The Guard's Story.
HOW AN ENGIXKER 8AVKD LIFE AND
WEALTH AND HOW Hp WAS REWARDED.
Coming down oa the elevated road
late al night a short time ago I fell into
conversation with the guard, says a
New York Star reporter. He was a
pleasant fellow. Ihe night men are
apt to be. They have less traffic and
and the natural social instincts of men
display themselves in spite of corpora
tions and iron-bound rules. As we
swung into South Ferry station he
.-liouted out: "There goes the 'money
train.'" 1 looked and saw n single
car attached to an engine up the
track. 1 bad only a giimseof it, but
that was sufficient to arrouse my cur
iosity. My companion was full of the
subject, and I gathered some interesting
details of an important featme of rail
''Singular you never saw that be
fore,7' said the guard. 'The car is oval
in shape, holds three or four men,
gathers up the tickets and 'boodle," and
is naturally looked after pretty sharp
by the company. The men in the car
ail carry 'guns1 and are generally
'loaded for bear,' so they're not trou
bled much. The car starts out about
one or two o'clock in the morning and
goes up and and down the Second
avenue road, stopping at every station
and collecting the tickets in the boxes
and the irom the office. Next a trip
is taken on the third avenue road and
theji on the others in regular order, the
car 'laying up' for the day about five
a. in. near ruty-eight street, on the
Ninth avenue line. I've heard it said
that sometimes she carries about $20.
000. lu fact, that's only a light esti
mate. '"Nobody monkeys with that train
or with the men in it," continued my
informant, smilHug grimly to himself.
"It wouldn't be healthy. 1 do remem
ber a time, though, when there came
near being a circus. There had been
some trouble with laboring men
something of that kind and they laid
off td Wreck-the train. You can't do
it easy. The llang on the wheel always
catches when you run up on the guard
bean on each side of the track, aud you
can't run into the street. The gang
knew this, and they tried something
new. They put an inclined block on
each track so the train might run up
and over. That might go. It was a
dirty trick. I suppose they expected
to lay below and rob the car when she
smashed in the streot. Killing the
engineer, or course didut count. All
the same they got left. There was a
quick young fellow on the road that
time, lie saw the blocks in the flash
of the engine light and stopped the
train in her own length. He saved
everything and kept his wife from be
ing a widow in the bargain, I guess.
I think I read a poem about it in one
of the illustrated papers Harper's
weekly, it seems to me. The company
was very grateful to that young eu
gineer. 'T'm glad of it," said I, heartily.
"He certainly did them a service. What
did thev do for him? Let's see. He
saved at least $20,000 for the road. , 1
suppose they gave him 551,000."
"Not much," said' the guard folding
his arms and winking at me confiden
tially. When corporation do that we'll be
near the milieniun, and won't have so
much need of the ministers preaehiu'
the New testuient at the direc
tors on Sundays. The way things go
they don't have no call to let up on
theuj sharps. 1 never heard that
Sheridan got a cent for what he done.
I suppose directors think a man's bound
to save his own way, and as for playin'
for their own they're keepiu' all they
get, make no mistake. I understand
they gave the engineer an earlier 'run,'
and" he was glad enough to get it. The
strain on him in those hours wasn't so
great, and it was less rough on his kid-neys.
- - - $750,000.00.
J. ALLEN BROW fcMe silent Agent,
- Sails1 jury, N. C,
WHAT IS GOING ON ALL OVER NORTH
Durham is talking about building a
Editor Scott, of the Lenoir Topic.
has been elected captain of a base ball
Dr. Thos. Gr. Taylor is erecting a
commodious tobacco factory in Leaks
ville. Taylorsviile will organize a Land
and Improvement Company by Jan
uary 1st says the Index.
Peg Leg Williams, who has orders
for 7,000 North Carolina negroes to be
taken South, cannot get 70.
Alleys distillery, in Caiwba county,
ty. was destroyed by fire a few days
TheTeport that Mayor Pritchard,
of Windsor, had been tied and whip
by unknown men, is said to be with
The C. C. Randleman cotton mills,
at Randleman, have made an assign
ment. The liabilities are said to be
A fire at Burlington a few days ago
destroyed 50 bales ef cotton.
The Monroe Register states that a
good deal of building will be done in
that town this winter.
Bueafort has two oyster canning
plants. One was established by Ral
eigh capitalists and will employ 300
Rev. Thos. H. Newberry will at an
early day commence in Fayetteville
the publication of theNorth Carolina
Rev. E. Weisner, of Davidson coun
ty, raised 400 bushels of sweet potatoes
aud six bushels of tomatoes on one
acre of laud.
Frank Dixon, a brother of the well
known Rev. Thomas Dixon of New
York, is to come from Oakland, Califor
nia, to be pastor of the Baptist church
at New Berne.
A negro by the name of William
Hunks was found dead near Pittsboro
last week. He had frozen to death.
A burn on the farm of Mrs. William
Grimes, of Raleigh, situated in Greene
county was burned last week.
Mr. A. A. Conlv. of Linville town
ship, his reopened the old Con ley gold
mine, anu is meeting with every in
dication of striking it rich before long.
Morgan ton Herald.
Alice H auser, an industrious colored
woman who resides about a mile west
of Winston, killed a 11 month's old
porker a few days ago that pulled the
beam at 305 pounds.
At Forest City, Rutherford county,
Tueseday,holoway Walls shot and kill
ed his wife, shot his brother-in-law
Wayne Haynes through the bowels and
shot himself tliough the brain.
Greensboro Workman: Mary Lew
is, an old, half witted colored woman,
who4fm beyond the R. & D. railroad
in eastern part of this citv. was found
dead in her bed this morning about 5
Mr. Jacob Dove has killed, as the
Durham Globe expresses it, his "pork"'
hogs 4 in number. Their Weights are
respectively: 310, 302, 300 and 374, or
a total of 1304 lbs. These hogs were
a little over twelve months old. Con
Launnburj Exchange: Pembroke
is the name of the new station just es
tablished on the Carolina Central Rail
road where the Wilson Short-Cut road
crosses it, near Pates Robeson county.
Work the new road from there to
Fayetteville is progressing.
Raleigh Chronicle: The largest owl
ever seen iu these parts was killed a day
or two since on Mr. Van Moore's place
about a mile from the city. The bird
by actual measument is four feet and
seven inches from tip to tip. It has
been sent out to Mr. Herbert Brimly,
the taxidermist, to be mounted.
The Standard Music Company, of
Winston, offers a premium of a '$100
Bridgeport organ to any person in the
State of North Carolina who will raise
the largest amount of money and do
nate it to the Oxford Orphan Asylum
oy and including the first day of Jan
uary. This is an item that will be
worth space in all our State papers-
Dr. R. K. Gregory, of Greensboro,
the patentee of an antisetic for the
treatment of wounds, has effected an
arrangement with both the Richmond
and Danville and Cape Fear and Yad-
j kin Valley railroads by which his new
contrivance is susphed to these roads
for u&e in case of accident.
A Strong Endorsement.
When the Farmers' Alliance first
proposed the sub-treasury plan the pol
iticians and financiers all over the
.country, with but few exceptions, de
nounced it as wild and visionary. In
fact it seemed to be matter of resent
ment that the farmers' movement
should nudortake to settle the financial
problem, and the sub-treasury plan was
Lock. Haven, Pa., Dec. 18. The
snow storm, alter raging thirty hours,
ceased this morning. There are two
feet of snow on the ground.
Nashville, Dec. 18. McGehers &
Co., of Rome, Ga., wholesale grocers
and cotton factors, have been forced to
assign. Liabilities $155,000; assets
about the same.
Elmira, N. Y., Dec. 18tn. Up to
this morning eighteen inches of snow
nad fallen here. Street car traffic on
all lines was abandoned last night.
AH trains are badly delayed.
Wiiksbare, Pa., Dec Sleet, rain,
and snow have been falling here for
the prist twenty-four hours, aud at
noon it was snowing hard. It is the
heaviest storm seei in the Wyoming
Valley for some years.
Wellaud, Ont., Dec. 18. Arthur!
Day, the Rochester, N. Y., wife mur
derer, was hanged at 8:10 o'clock this
morning. He walked firmly to 4;he
gallows. Ten minutes after the trap
was sprang he was dead. His neck
was not broken, and died of strang
ulation. Chicago, Dec. 19. Joseph N. Asir
cashier of the Allerton Packing Com
pany, one of the most extensive at the
stockyards, was held up this morning
in his office in the packing house by two
unknown men of granger-like appear
ance, and robbed of 5$3,200 in cash.
Belief onte, Pa., Dec. 18. The
Bellefonte and Snow Shoe branch of
the Pennsylvaia railroad, the Tyrone
and Clearfield branch, and the Lewis
berg and Tyrone branch are all snowed
up, no trains. The snow is two- feet
deep on the level here this morning.
Washington, W. Va., Dc. 18th.
during the past twenty-four hours the
most ttri tic snow storm for the )past
five years has raged. The damage Vloue
is enormous. The city is completely
isolated. Great apprehinsions of a
flood are entertained when a thaw sets
corn the only crop remaining on the
ground was free from weeds an I
mighty m height and size of stalk and
development of earing. There an
neither ricks of straw nor stacks of
gram nor hay, all these being under
cover in the structures that shelter the
stock. The leading crops are Indian
corn, oats, wheat and red clover, aud
or siock, norses and hogs, and for tk
Ploug hiasr by Steam.
A man in Jackson' county, Oregon,
has been ploughing this tall with a
steam engine and has found that it
works quite successfully. He pulls
eight plows with his engine and turns
over the soil at the rate of sixteen acres
iK r day, the cot of ruuning the outfit
4 not over cj per uay.
Marcus Dawson and Tom Lane
were hunting rabbits ueare Greenville
recently. Suddenly Dawson called out,
"there goes a rabbit," and in whirling
to shoot it the whole load of his gun
struck Lane, who was a few yurdsaway.
Sunday Dawson offered to surrender to
the sheriff,but the killing being purely
accidental, the officer woull not hold
him. Winst). i Daily.
GETTING THE BEES TO EMPTY OLD BROOD
COMBS. Dr. Miller says he has reduced the
time to two or three days. Well, says
Chalon Fowls in Gleanings, I get the
job done in twenty-four hours, if
weather is warm enough so the
will fly freely; but if it is colored
I 1 I 1 M ft 1 I
plan is no doubt trie best wnere
hives have a loose bottom. It
doctor tries to have old back brood
combs emptied his way when the
weather is warm, 1 imagine he will
have a "hot time" taking the combs
away, for the bees will hang to the old
combs a great deal worse than they
will to the unfinished sections; and of
all disagreable work shaking huusrrv
bees off dry combs is the worst.
As before meutioned, his plan will
not do for those who have hives with
permanent bottom, like mine, and I
will therefore give my plan, which is
simple a slight improvement on Dr.
Miller's plan of having unfinished sec
tions cleaned out.
1 take my old combs I want emptied,
and, after uncapping the sealed honey
I put them in empty hives with tight
bottoms, aud set them down cl jse to
the entrance of the colonies I wish to
feel, just at dusk. I put in a less
number than would fill the hive, so
they are spaced further apart; and if I
want to feed more combs I put on an
upper story. If it is a cool night I
put the hive as close as 1 can to the
entrance; if warm, three or four inches
oil, alter getting the bees started on it,
the object being to avoid getting the
young bees out of their hive.
Nearly all of the honey will be
cleaned out in the night, and early
next morning I carry the hives of
combs two or three rods to one side
from the entrance small (one-half or
three-fourths inch will do); but if the
comb are new and tender, or contain
any candied honey, they should be
closed to the one-bee capacity.
Now, the bees that are already on the
combs have the advantage through the
day, and will get about all the honey
thyre is left; aud if they are managed
so as to nave no young uets uu cue
combs they will go home at uight,
leaving the combs free from bees, when
they can be taken care of- By this
plan I can get a hundred or more
combs cleaned out every jday until the
job is all done with, and light colonies
au plied with their winter stores, and all
without lighting a smoker or opening
a hive. 1 do not work with the bees
during this comb-cleaning tith; that
is, not in the apairy, where the work
is done, and so I have no trouble with
robbers. Farm Field a-'d Stockman.
An exchange is authority for the
statement that in Detroit Mich., there
has been an exhaustive examination
going on for some time as to the purity
of milk supplied to that city, and Dr.
Coven t v. who has coucucte J the exam
ination, reports that seventy-five per
cent ot the milk received wae found to
be adultrated,aud says that if the ped
lers continue to sell inferior milk,
prosecution will be made at ouce.
met with denunciation instesid of urgu-' letter's accommodation there are
We-desire, however, to call atten
tion to an endorsement of it from a
quarter which should iit least command
the respectful attention of those who
were not disposed to listen to the far
mers. Mr. Edward Atkinson, in a re
cent publication, recognizing the need
for more circulating medium when the
crops are to be moved, nroposes the is
sue of "convertible bank notes cr
other instruments of credit," to be
used as "a symbol of the product or
capital which is in process of move
ment, to be redeemed when the pro
duct enters into consumption." That
this plan signifies the issue of a circu
lating medium based on the great sta
ple crop which has to be redeemed and
retired as uced is patent on its face.
It is the very essence of the sub-treasury
plan,but we think it is not hedged
about with the same precautions.
That Mr, Atkinson favors such an
issue of "convertible bank notes" indi
cates that a man of his experience
with the financial world and with
views and feelings in sympathy with
the capitalists ot the country recog
nized the fact that money based on the
great staples would be received on a
parity with gold. Otherwise Mr. At
kinson would not favor such a curren
cy. Now the admission of this fact
answers the entire objection to the
charac er of the currency which the
sub-treasury plan wo;ld put in circu
lation, Under the sub-treasury plan
as consumption took up- the product
on which the currency is to be based
this currency would be returned to the
treasury and retired, or ns Mr. Atkin
son states it, "redeemed."
In addition to the plan of Mr. At
kinson the farmers propose to insure
the solvency of this proposed currency
byr having the government, under its
constitutional power to provide a cur
rency, issue it directly instead of
through the plan of bank issue. They
put into the hands of the govern
ment to secure it a security . hich be
ing consumable merchandise, is the
best in the world, and in additional
thereto the personal credit of each ob
tainer of this currency stands behind
it, for his withdrawing his crop and re
deeming the ruoney issued thereon.
Thus giving behind the money issued
the government's promise, the pledge
of ample personal property and the
personal security of the obtainer of the
mo' ey and also assuming a uniformity
in the currency issue which could not
be obtained in any other way.
But the great point which we wish to
emphasize is that Mr. Atkinson's pro
posal is a recognition from a capitalis
tic source of the feasibility, stability
and desirability of a currency based on
the principles of the sub-treasury plan.
"Heatnes3 in Farming."
Cultivator and Counlry Gentleman.
The title of the editorial I quote at
the head of these paragraphs reminds
me of an interesting experience of my
own a short time since. You know
how often and how much I have re
ported the fertility of the soil of Cham
paign county, of the heavy yields of
crops, and the almost uniformly favor
able character of the growing seasons,
for the thirty-three yeara of my resi
dence here. To be sure I have said
little of the character of the farming,
good or bad, but the reasonable infer
ence would be that where crops were so
nearly nuitormly good, the character
of the farming must be prettv good
too, and I thought so, though i do not
remember to have said so.
Having some business with an ac
quaintance relating to the proposed
purchase of a tract of land in an ad
joining county, he, in putting a price
un the Dronertv.said that it was far
superior in fertility to Champaign couu
ty land, and in the near neighborhood
of some of the best farmers and farming
iu the State, having "the Ohio settle
ment" on the north and the "Ornish"
farmers on the west. Urging me to
go aud see for myself, I consented and
went by rail thirty miles south to Ar
eola, iu Douglas county, and then by
team west nine miles to the Ornish
settlement near the new railroad town
of Arthur. On the way out I noticed
better graded roads, stronger bridges
with heavier stone abutments than in
Champaign county, and an increasing
appearance of neat:tes in the farming
as a whole, and improved thrift in
husbandry generally. Five or six
miles out, and ooii alter crossing the
Okaw or Kaskaskia river we were
among the white houses and red barns
of the Ornish. The lands are low,
nearly dead-level prairie for miles and
miles, but there is a well graded road
on every section line and ditches for
complete drainage, but no roods on
half sections. The farms rarely ex
ceed 100 acres each, and the improve
ments of houses, bur us aud graiuuries
are near scctiosi corners, for the ad
vantage of sociability and neighbor-
llooJ. I he leuceo .no Uiot!y oag
structures built for swine
on1 f ;... i ..
else. As an example of thorough ne
of culture and freedom from weeds of
the land, the young wheat in the drill
rows having acquired a height of six
inches, there was v.otA weed in sicr,t
suggesting to n,e.that theOmih fann
tng was the only farming had se?M
in Illinois where the. land was dean
and deep enough, and the soil rich
euuugn to make success wjth alfalfa
easy and certain undertaking.
driven by a heavy rain to th shelter
ul one oi me umish barns, I had
uuurs opportunity to oliserve In
neai tne premises were and Tiotv com
plete the arrangement for the comfort
ana security ot live stock and
noltrr r n ... 1 , 1
" "npiriwems anu lartn
ducts of all kinds. There was no
nnre or heaps of rubbish, and
uaru-yarus were as cieau as any culti
vated field, and in the vegetable and
flower gardens close to the dwelling
common homely flowers ami veeTa
bles of every kind in season, showed
vigorous growth and had a monopoly
on the ground. But I might go into
detail for a column or two and not tell
the whole story; therefore, I conclude
by declaring that for a rich, deep soil,
greatly improved by cultivation, for
large crops, for thoroughness and
neatness in farming, for profitable
breeds of hogs, for great crops of red
clover, and for- large and handsome
cat m nouses, 1 nave never
thing to equal them iuside
f Til 1
Tho Ornish are an offshoot of fho
Mennomtes, who retain the nustero
simplicity of that sect. Their rule's
forbid colors and stripes in -clothins
buttons are prohibited, and hooks ami
eyes substituted, the hair and beard
are worn long but not inconveniently
so, the children ajid women wear cap
continously. and no hoodL bonnet or
hat is permitted indoors or out, Per
haps the most striking peculiarity of
all is that no blinds are suffered on tin;
windows of houses, and no curlaiu to
keep out the searching of curious eves,
the light or heat features that givJ
these dwellings a wideawake air that
must be seen to be understood. The
Ornish are honest, industrious and fru
gal beyond all praise. Necessarily
clannish they are at the same time
good neighbors and patriotic citizens,
voting only on rare "occasions
and accepting no 'office above that of
path-master. '1 heir examulo
a wonderful ettect, not only
iarming or tne surroundinj
but on the towns nearly
some or them n the western part of
Douglass county showing a more ad
vanced civilization and a higher graf j
of improvement than almost any "oth
er place in the State. -
I was not sensible of these unusunl -things
till I came to return to Chu-a-paigu
county in the after part of the
rl..r Tl. r . l... I -.1
men: i Has sirucK vtnn n.e
slovenliness of the fanning, the small
uess of the crops, and the geners.l
shabbiness of everything oiit-of-dodr; ,
not excluding the fanns and! improve
ments tuat lie within sight of the tuf
rets and tow. rs of a great institution
ot learning, endowed by the nation
and established by the legislature, with
"the principle object in view to teach
such brandies of learning aLare relat
ed to agriculture and the mechanic
arts," that for 22 years has failed iu
doing what a handful of peasnut far
mers have done in the same time,
by, getting at the secrets of successful
and profitable agriculture.
It is not luck that counts, but de
liberate calculating judgement;
Many mora cows are worn lout by
underfeeding and poor care than by
There is a wealth of feeding material
Children Cry forjritchsastqrfeL
iu an acre or ioa.jer grown
laud with reasonable care.
Milk should bestrained immediately
after being drawn, and if in ten (led fwr
butter making not be distributed until
Cows should have an
suitable food and pure water
dp nee of
kept where they can hanu ready a.cesj
to it every day.
The function of milk giving lis ma
ternity, and the mother thejvoid 1 over
needs shetler, , warmth, couifoit and
Abundant food, a good stable,
protection irom chilly wuids and
ing storms wi.i proven
of milk and often
in 3 Lid.
The all-the-year-round cow U tha
paying cow. The real dairy cuwj aH
a m ft ft iW '
uud ui tnu direction, anil a colv that
goe- dry longtr thaut.vo mouths u rh-
orange hedges, iu every c.e plashed j to be -jot rid of uulesj she Li a! heavy
and uru-eJ; th- fi.lis are clean, the' milStr lor tae len.momus.
f . i- L J . C