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Ji-JL JL J
SALISBURY. N. G., JUNE 25, 1891
1 " "
M- - i j'' - - -' ' - -
m iww mn.iu i wu jn i jnumm -in i nj jwwm 'U'l i J'J p jipOw bp m
f hi I mi in hiim dipMirM iit i 1 1 in i rfWfcai ii n "mti 1 mmm urn lirt i ri n Mfin" it n (.' if it i mwij i
f I - ' . - -
for Infants and Children
"CMtorl a tehrcll adapted td children that
I recnimciwUfiupcrior to any prescription
known to ntffw-JI.' 4- Ancnca, II. p.,
111 Eiford CL, Brooklyn, N. Y.
"Tho hso fcf ';torIa Is EO universal and
Its nwits so well known that it sowna a work
of r,,lpr-rov,'atloto endorse it. ,'-"ttrT
IntelliKont families who do not keep Uafetoria
tt ithiu easy reach." . -
. CAnLoa Martyw, P. D..
Now York City.
Late Taster Dloomiagdalo Itoformod Church.
TO CALL AT
X W. BOS
Aim set; his NEW SfroCK of
M tods, Notions (and M
! - ) i
DRESS GOODS, ,
llVtJIUlV A j
1 1 o..
Wo miiko-.si.-oi:iliy m UMBRELLAS, PARASOLS
My MiUN'NKRY is now
Iiss Aldcrson, of naitimore:'
rmil oxtvinino lifr stock. "
j I Tl-isij the largest-' slock of rUIJN4TUIiE in the State, and tfie lowest
prices offjiiiv deafer North or South. I sfeiill prove it hy "frgiiivs."
-; " :,. E.eaclTliQe I?rices; .
A luU;m body. 1.5. thv i'aniae, Wire whpels, only $ 7 HO
(n'niiii)('Anti(j'ue OA leil Koom Suit ( 10 pieces), - '25 00
Wafn ut 'Frame1 Wool Flush Farlor Suit (G pieces.), 1)5 00
. Antique O ik Sidelxiard, with h;'rge las, 1( 00
taiidin ll.ill Kaeks- With ;la8. 7) 7o
'.Antique Oak llii,'h Faek Wool Seat Rockery 150
Mexican (Jrass Hanimoek, hire size, , 1 50
-Mosquito Canopies, with Frames ready to lian, 2 00
i)aniloo Kaseb; 5 feet: high, ' - 1 00
' Lathes ptat tan Rockers, 2 50
Antique ();ik Centre Tables, 1ft inches square top, ' 1 50
i Holland Window Shades, Dodo Fringe and Spring-Rollers, 05
' Flat tornr Spring Rockers, carpet seat, 3 50
Sterling Orgnni stops, walnut case, 50 00
SterlingTiano, 7 octaves, Ebony case, 225 00
I hin e just jiift in the Furniture Tor throe large hotels, and am receiving orders
frpm nil over North and South Carolina daily,
j ' One friep to all, and that tho"lovt;st known, is my. way of doing business. If
you buy an article from me and it does not come up as represented, return it at my
expense ami get your money back.'
Writo mo for Catuloyues.
- 11 and 10 West Trade St.
" n '
. . t;' ift?-JliLi
J ALLEN BROWN; Ag't for W. N. C.
Salisbury, IV; .
STATESVILLE MARBLE WORKS
lis the Placeito Get Monuments, -Tombstones, &c-
Alau-e stock of VERMONT MARBLE to arrive in a few days I guarantee
i utl-s'aet!on in every respect and positively will not be undersold.
Of all kinds a specialty.
Castoria cures Colic, Oonatlpatfon,
Bour Stomach, Diarrhoea. Krur-tatioa,
Kill3 Worms, gives sleep, and promotes di
gestion. Without injurious medication.
" For Bevral years I havo recommended
your 4 Castoria, andliall always continue to
do so as it hua invariably produced beneficial
I ' Edwin F. Pardee, M. D.,
Tho Winthrop," 125th Street and 7th At.,
1 Kew York City.
CoKPAirr, T7 Mobbat Strkkt New Yobs.
j WHITE GOODS,
opii under tlia management of
Yoit ;in; earnestly invited t) call
i , - ?.
Charlotte, N. C,
f?Siinplo; Durable. Prints from
el oar Metal Typo, docs the work of
a K0 Macliinc; Perfect Align
ment." Prints Capitals, Small Lct-
ters, Figures and Characters 78
in all.- Price complete, 15.
Agenfs and canvassers wanted.
C. B. WEBB,
His Wics Artvice.
"Josiah, put your slippers on.
And cease your needle? clatter J
I want to hav.e a word with you
About a little matter. V
"Josiah. look me in the face,
You know thi3 world's condition
Yet you have never cast a vote
Right out for Prohibition.
,:I heard you on your knees -Ja?t nighl,
Ask help to keep from strayin",
And now I want to know if you
Will vote as you've been pray in"?
"You've prayed as loud as any man,
While with the tide a-Uoating.
Josiah, you must stop sich work,
And do some better votin'!
"Wc woman pray for better times,
And work right hard to make 'em ;
You men vote liquor with its crimes,
And we just have to take 'era.
"How long, Josiah, must this be?
We work and pray 'gainst evil ;
You pray all right, for what I see,
But just vote for the devil ! .
"There now! I've said my say, and yon
Just save your ammunition,
And vote the way you've always prayed ;
For total Prohibition !''
A. M. Bri mmpr.
Former Resident of Rowan
Writes About Coleman atftl
M-r, Editor: As I am a constant
reader of the Watchman and a native
tarheel I-wjll give a few items about
Texas and especially the county in
which I live.
I first c;ae to Williamson county,
Texas, and front there to Coleman.
The land of Coleman county i.s of a
sandy loamy nature, varying t rV color
from a chocolate to black and very
fertile and friable giving for little la
bor lar-e,returns. There- is but little
or no irrigation in this county. The
leading crops are wheat, oats, corn and
tTotton. The average ield here is
from 20 to 40 bushels of wheat per
acre, to 1 hale f cotton, corn 30 to
00, oats 50 to 100 bushels per acre.
All kinds of fruit do well here, espe
cially peaches, pears, plums, apricots
and grapes. The climate i.tlelighlfu',
ranging in tempeiature from 70 to )()
degiees iu summer, and a gentle gulf
breeze making the summers plea.sant.
It is as healthy as any place in Texas.
The. water courses are numerous an 1
furnish an abundan.-e of clear running
water. It is a good stock raising coun
try. Cattle lire only required to be fed
three months iu the year and with
this airfount of feed they will do as
well as stock in the north which are
fed nine months in the year. Land
uuimpro. e 1 can be bought freni $3 to
SO pr acre and improved land from 7
to $f5 owing to the . amount of im
provement. Coleman county has thirty school
houses and last year employed fort y
two teachers. Coleman city, the
county eat, is on the gulf, California
& Santa Fee railroad, is about the cen
ter ot the county and is surrounded by
as tine fanning land as is in Texas.
It is only about 15 years old and has
oiig national and one private, bank a
(lour mill, three cotton gins, a stone
school house that cost 87,000, two
hotels, thirty-five mercantile houses,
&c. While this county is a line farm
ing country minerals cannot ha . con
sidered of secondary importance. Coal
has been found in paying quantities,
coke 50 57 per cent., fix carbon 47 50
per cent., ash 9.07 per cent., valatile
33 '1)3 per -cent., moisture 0.50 per
cent. The absence of water and solid
roofing overlying this coal render it
very easily worked. The principal
vein found up to this time is proven
to be from 45 to DO feet below the sur
face. The thickness of the vein is
from 30 to 5t inches. I would say to
those who are seeking homes in Texas
that I would sulvise them to try Cole
man. I do not urge. them to Uave the
good old state of North Carolina.
Young men had better, get them a
mate before they leave because young
ladies are not as numerous out here as
Crop prospects stre very favorable
out here' now.
The-Watchman is a pleasant visitor
to me every week and I wish the good
old paper success.
I can also add that Coleman is strict
A Cleveland Boy.
General Hancock's grave is unmark
ed. Mrs. Hancock went to Montgom
ery cemetery Ir.st wick to see what
steps would be necessary to improve it.
Koch is at work. again on his tuber
culine, and hopes to improve it during
the next few months after which he
will publish his own report upon it.
James Fen i more Cooper's two daugh
ters, who are now quite old ladies, re
side in Cpoperstown in the midst of
the scenes made famous by their fath
Sir John Macdonald seldom went to
bed before midnight and never hurried
about getting up in the morning, but
up to the timeTof his last illness, he
was healthy, wealthy and wise, old
saws to the contrary notwithstanding.
General Don Carlos Duel! is occa
sionally seen on the streets of Louis
ville, 'where he goes uo w ank then to
dissipate tht monotony ot farm life.
His form is erect and well preserved,
and die is ah entertaining talker on
military -and' other topics.
CARE OF TUB EYIW
A Few Simple Rules That May
Stive Off ''Specs."
A skilled optician furnishes the fol
lowing bits of information is to the
care of the eyes.
Kep a shade on your lamp or gas
Avoid all sudden changes between
light and darkr.e ;s.
" Never begin to read, write or sew for
several minutes after coming frun
darkness to light.
Never read by twylight, moonlight,
or any light so scant that it requires
an efliort to discriminate.
Never read or sew directly in front
of the light, window or door.
It is U-st to let the light fall ironi
above obliquely over the left sholder.
Never &leep so that on thci rst awak
ening the eyes shall open on the
light of the window.
The moment you are instinctively
prompted to rub your eyes, that mo
ment stop using them.
FA I LI NO VISION.
The symptoms of failing vision an;
set forth iu this way:
1. Spots or sparks of, light floating
before the eyes.
2. Quivering of the lids or sesation
of sand in the eye.
3. Fereeptible fatigue' or the require
ment or strong light in reading.
4. The hohling of objects at arm's
lenght or close to the eye.
5. Squinting one eye or seeing ob
0. Dizziness or darting p. tins in the
eyeballs, or over the temple.
7. Perceiving a colored circle around
8. Sensitiveness of the eyeballs or
contraction of the vissual fieid.
9. filming of the vision or being
unable to see objects distinctly at a
10. Watering or redness of the eyes
or lid.-, running together of letters
when reading, or seeing the vertical
better than horizontal lines.
A man named Smith, of Greenville,
Ale., cut his hand while straping a
razor, and died two weeks later in par
oxysms. Col. John G. IVatker, Missouri, is in
New Vo.ik using his influence iu favor
of having the next Deuneral ie N:y
tional Con venting held at St. Louis.
Small pox has broken out in Otoe
county, Neb. Six persons are down
with the disease and three more cassis
were repottd yesterday.
Why do people wait until a man is
sick and can't eat to send him good
thiugsr1 When he is well, and would
like something good, no neighbor
conies with fancy jellies, old wines and
tilings like that.
1 lungs are unfair,
to visit the Expo
sition to be held iu Augusta, G i., next
November has been extended to ex
Prisdent Cleveland, who has promised
to give a answer at an early date.
George E. 01 instead, a Brockwater,
Fa., boy, just out of kneehreeches, has
been offered 40,000 for a tire escape
he has patented. Like a sensible boy,
he is going to take t'r.e money and
give himself a good education.
A conductor on an Illinois Central
says that female tramps arc-on th in-t
crease. They are not so darting as the
the man in jumping on or off trains,
but they are found hanging all over a
A Little liock alderman, W. J. Cap
il, will be impeached for going to a
Sam Jones meeting and the alerm tnie
board without a quorum. To com
plete his punishment he will also be
charged with carrying concealed weap
An Ohio woman picked up an arm
ful of sticks and carried them to throw
on the fire. One of the sticks twined
itself around waist. Did she shirk and
alarm the nieghbors? Not a bit of
it She put the snake in a botttle
corked it up when she went down town
sold it to the local druggist for $2 as a
It is reported of Mr. Surgeon that
while peaching in a large half the air
becomes oppressive, and stopping in
t he mist of his sermon he said if those
persons sitting near the windows will
take their canes and ummbrellas and
knock out sufficient glass to let in
some fresh air, 1 will pay the damages
soon as I am done preaching."
The Philadelphia Record of yester
day, says: "President Harrison will
try to go to the great Southeran In
dustrial Expositon at 11 il eiglii iN. v.,
iu October and November. It would
I be well wprth his while. But it is ten
times greater importance that I hila
delphia merchants and manufacturers
should bo properly presented there.
The undertaking has the official and
pecuniary baik ng of the leading
Southern States, and will therefore,
be a representative showing of South
eran resouces. Nothing is plainer to
view than the drift of fu
ture business relations of Philadelphia
and the South. The fiield is open for
instant cultivation. The Central
States are reached by rail and the open
sea. To the South wc must look for
the bulk of whatever increased" busi
ness U to come to us. The
Exposition clears the way for u-
Wash oilcloth iu borar water.
Cold tea is the best wash to clean
grained wo l or natural woodwork.
Solied wall p iper may be cleaned by
first brushing the dust off and then
rubbing down the pieces of light bread.
Tin unpleasant smell of newly pain
ted apartments may be lessoned by
setting pale.'t of fresh water around on
the floors. N
After cleaning the closet sprinkle
borax around the edges of the shelves
and floor and you shall not be troubled
with the roaches there.
Add a teaspooful of borax to a pan
of hot soapsuds; p(tr your table silver
in it, and let it stand two hours, llinse
it with clear water, and polish with a
soft cloth or chamois.
If you wish to keep pickle in fruit
jars, rub the inside ot the mefai caps
with lard. The cans with caps lined
with porcelain are much to be preferr
ed for all purposes.
To fasten a steel L blade which has
conic out of the handle, fill the cavity
with roan, then warm the part to be
adjusted, and inserted slow I v, pressing
it firmly. Hold till it gets cold.
For rheumatism, take half a glass
ful of lemonade for ten nights. Al
ways take it when getting into kd at
night. Wear flannel next to the
skin, and in cold weather sleep in warm
A simple means of changing the air in
a six room is to open a window at tlie
top and opening the door, move it
back and forward rapidly, so as to in
sure a current of fresh air from the
Heat an egg thoroughly in a bowl
and add one teacup of cold water to it.
Use enough of this to thoroughly
moisten collie when making it. Keep
in a cool place, and waste uo more eggs
After thouroiighly sweeping a dingy
carpet, wipe it with a damp cloth par
tially wrung out of a mixture ot water
and ox gall iu the proportion of two
tablespoafuls of the latter to a gallon
of lukewarm water.
To clean a gold chain that
and dull froindong use put in a bottle
with warm water. Hub dry on a clean
cloth and polish with chamois skin.
The following will he found a wel
come change for the meat soups,: Three
pints of milk, twelve large poptatoes
a tab'.espoonf nl of butter onions, salt
and pepper to taste. Let all simmer,
not boil, for two hours, than rub
through a tine hair sieve. Serve with
nicely browned toast cut in bits the
size of dice.
In the care of the hair it is impor
tant to brush it thoroughly on the
"wrong side." For instance, when the
hair is worn rolled back from the face
it should be parted and brushed, and
if the coiffure is low the hair should be
combed up and also well brushed. At
tention to this seemingly trilling de
tail, and to have the scalp messed daily,
will issue young bright hair to elderly
The Poor" Farmer ami Fertilizers.
Mr. Editor: Will you allow me a
little space in your valuable paper for
a few lines ? 1 will take the poor
class of people and fertilizers. When
you go to rent land from the land
holder the first question he will ask is
how much cotton can you work. I
want as much as ten acres worked on
this one horsu farm. The renter thinks
the land good so he makes the bargain.
Well the next thing is we will have to
have some fertilizer. This land will
not make cotton without the stuff, so
here goes for one ton of fertilizer. Well
uow how long will the poor man have
to work to pay for one ton of the fer
tilizer. It will take him about four
mouth if he can get some one to
buard him, if not it will take him a
good while longer. He plants the ten
acres of cotton and the season is bad.
lie -makes about a half crop, so the
poor fellow comes out behind. So you
seo there is no money in cotton and
fertilizer for the renter, and there is
none in cotton either.
How can a poor man feed and clothe
his family and work about one-third
of his time for some man or company.
If the landlord would pay this man
fifty cents a day and let him make
manure he would make more iu the
long run. Let him pay the poor man
for making manure to the amount of
.one or two tons of fertilizer and keep
that money and labor on his form.
The trouble with the southern far
mer is lie raises all cotton and keeps his
cern cribt Hour bin and smokehouse in
the north or northwestern states.
What is the cause of the poor" con
dition of the laboring class; is it legis
lation as some say ? I would say no,
it is because we do not raise home sup
plies enough, which we ought to do
and a little to spare. The Alliance
noilno other organization can better
the condition of the people if they do
not trv to hell themselves. I think
that the land and people would both
improve if the people would take this
God helps those that trv to help
themselves. W A. A.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.
The Two Old PATiios.
The only possible thancr for either
of the old political parties to maintain
their supremacy is to j! lay aside all war
issues and- make a campaign upon the.
question of to-day. tor more than a
quarter of a century we have betn
lighting over and over, every four
ars, the battles of the past. Issues
that should have beeiv buried at Appo
mattox were resurrected by politicians
in order to further thfeir selfish ambi
tions;5 and all of this time the people
have been tjie innocent victims of
shameful oppression. Sentiment us
urjMd the throneof treason, and pas
sion of public weal, hut the honest
voters of our land -North .South,
East and West -a re at hist aroused
and will refuse longer! to be blindly led
by political schemerf. They plainly
see that so long'as these old war cries
are raised, that the oppressions will
not be diminished or their wrongs
righted. The farmers of the North
and South have clasped . hands across
the bloody chasm, and from this day
on will live only for the future. They
have closed their ears ;to the whine of
the politician. With a united effort,
intend to go to work and remove from
their shoulders the burdens that tyran
nical laws has placed upon them. If
they cannot get redress in the old par
ties, they will form a party of their
own. They will not longer be con
trolled with empty promises. They
will demand tangible proof from the.
party that receives their support. The
democratic leaders 'should realize this
fact. They cannot slap the alliance
in the face with one hand and draw;
them to them with the other. Every
word of abuse against our organization
broadens the chasm and makes recon
ciliation the harder. The toiling mil
lions of our land demand relief and re
lief they will have.
AVill the Sun Ilurn Up.
Thousands of curious and ingenious
theories have been brought .-forth to
account for the fact that the sun, al
though he has whirled his burning
disc across the heavens for untold ages,
continues to burn without being con
sumed or his bulk, being lessened in
the least. Some learned men affect to
believe that the great orb is a mon
strous b.ll of gas, but even a great:
ball of gas would be consumed to its
utmost atom in the course of a few
thousand years; Others believe that
its tires are kept up by the remains of
wrecked worlds which are constantly
falling into its depths, but even this
seems far from probable, not to say a
purely absurd conclusion. In giving
his opinion on the last opinion, one of
the most eminent astronomers of the
day dins figured that a mountain range
consisting of 170 cubic miles falliiig
into the sun would only be sufficient
to maintain the present heat a second;
a mass equal to that of our earth
would engender onlv-
heat to last ninety-three years. If
these conclusions are correct, and we
lave no means of proving them false,
well may we ask the question. U
what wonderful, indestructible, sub
stance is the sua composed 1 St.
Louis 'Republic. v
Words of Wisdom.
The noblest mind the best content
He must b an obscure and common
place person who has no enemy.
Men of character are the conscience
of the society to which they belong.
The certain way to be' cheated is to
fancy one's self more cunning than
If the power to do hard work is not
a talent, it Is the best possible sutati
tute for it.
Some lend their hearts much as
their money, with a pretty heavy in
terest. ' '
True worth never seeks credit for
more than it is; that is left for imita
tors and counterfeiters.
The decree of success obtained mav
often he ascertained by the amount of
jealousy which it arouses.
Half our forebodings of our neigh
bors are but our wishes, which we are
ashamed to utter in any other form.
No abilities, however splendid, can
command success without intense la
bor and persevering application.
We may be certain of an axiom, but
it becomes to us doubly true when
vouched for by one whose opinion, we
People generally are what they are
made by education and company be
tween the ages ot titteen and twenty
five. Many of us have two standards, one
for ourselves that reaches the clouds,
while the one which we give to others
tiails low iu the dust.
There are those with manners so
tine they seem formed by the graces,
and with speech so courteous that the
spirit of persuasion might have prompt
Whether a boy is from country or
city, rich or poor, weak or strong, tal
eutec or not, will and work are sure to
win. Wishes fail, "tmt wills prevail.
L iboi; i luck.
FEEDINO A YOUNO COLT.
A colt whose dam has
should he fed with -fresh cow's milk
diluted with a little hot water to re-
duce it to the more watery character
f the mare's milk. If necessary a
nursing IxAtlo may be used, or the
milk fed at first with a spoon at inter
vals of one hour, until if is ablo to'
barn to drink, when its regular meals
of two quarts four times a daypmay bo
given. New York Times. r -'
Very tame hens often show a-desire
to talk to you, and it is usually possi
ble to understand their meaning.
Once a Cochin, whoso years and breed
ing entitling her 66 a seperatc perch,
catuo and stood in; front of nie, looked
me full in the face and4 complained
loudly of something. I could not
translate further. Patient investiga
tion revealed that one end of her perch
had slipped down, and Mrs. Buff had
no idea of sleeping on an inclined
perch. Another time a nervous look-"
iug Leghorn met me at the hen house
door fairly junipingandcreaming with
excitement. 1 understood from ih-i
cackle which fin shed each seutcncQ
that she had been disturbed oil her
nest. I did not wonder at her new
powers of cackling when I found the
nest occupied by my cat and three-'"
When the chickens ' first begin to
move in the egg, just before hatching, "7
the mother hen sings to them a low
crooning song, very sweet and never
heard at any other time. A friend
telis me that her canary startled Jier
one day by an entirely new call. It
was so plainly "Come here, quick,"
that she rushed to the cage to find an
enormous cat-with its face Tresse I
against the window pane, staring at
poor Ned a danger sufficiently great
to account for the new-call
There are but two ways by . which
one can hear animals converse. Ono '
is by hastening to them -when tli'y.
are not aware of your .-presence, always
a difficult feat. The others is by win
ning their entire confidence. Cole-'
man's Rural World.
Iii reply to the inquiry of the Ne
braska subscriber wiio asks ' how to
plant and cultivate c h' y w ; give the
following: Sow in the open ground
as soon as it is fit to. work iu April, .
and keep clear. of weeds until the timo.
of planting, in June ami July. Tho
tops should be shorn off once or twice
before planting, so as to insure "stocky"
plants, which suffer less on being
Plant in rows three feet apart for
the dwarf varieties, arid four to five
feet for the larger sorts, and set six
.inches apart in row. . "
If the weather 'is. dry in time of
planing gtcat care-should be taken to
see. that the roots" are properly ""firmed"
by pressing the yide of each plant gent
ly with the foot; this compacts tho
soil and partially excludes the air from
the roots until new rootlets are formed
which will be iu forty-eight hour,
after which all danger is over. After
the planting pf the celery is completed
nothing further is to le done for six
(at seven weeks, except Tunning through
between the rows with the cultivator
or hoe, and freeing the plants from
About the middle of August, we be
gin the "carthing-un," necessary for
the blanching and whitening of that
which is wanted for use during the
months of September, October and
November. The first operation is
that of "handling." After all the soil
has been drawn up against the plant
with the hoe, it is further drawn close
around each plant with the hand, firm
enough to keep the leavc3 in an up
right position and prevent them, from
spreading. This being done more soil
is drawn against the row (either by
plow or hoe, as circumstances require),
so as to keep the plant in this upright
The balancing procNs, must, how
ever, le finished by the spade, which is
done by digging the soil lrom 'between
the two rows, and banking it clear up
to the top on each side of the row or.
celery. Farm, Field and Stockinau.
Honesty the Rest Policy.
He (trying to play a trump card)
As I p;issedyour house last evening I ?
thought I heard an angel sing.
She ( stiffly ) I was at "the theatre
last evening. Mrs. Mulhooly and her
twins werc,Jat our house1 visitiug the
The fanners must know the cost as
well as the selling price of his farm
products before he can tell the profit
Racing With Wolves.
Many a thrilling tale has been told by
travelers of a race with volvc3 across tho
frozen stepps of llussia. Sometimes only
the picked bones of the helpless travele r
i-re found to tell' the talc. In our own
country thousands are engaged in a liie-and-death
race against the wolf Con
sumption, The best weapons with which
to tight the foe. U Lr. H'icrce's (Joldeit
.Medical Discovery. This renowned rctr -cly
has cured myriads of cases when -ill i
otlicr mtdiclucs and doctrines had failed.
It is the" greatest iiooi-puruier una r -storcr
of stength known to the work .
For all forms of scrofulous a (feci ion ;
(and consumption is one of them), it
unequalled as a remedy.