North Carolina Newspapers

    yOL. I FOURTH SERIES.
SALISBURY. N C, THURSDAY JUNE 1, 1893.
NO 15.
ZZ3
What is
jCastoria is Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for Infimts
und Children. It coutainsaicithcr Opium, Morpnine nox
"'""other Narcotic substance.; It is a harmless substitute
for Paregoric, Drops, Soothing Syrups, and Castor OIL
It is Pleasant. Its guarantee is thirty years use by
Millions of Mothers. -Castoria is the Children's Panacea
the Mother's. Friend. -
1
Castoria.
Tnetnr!a is to well adapted to children that
a. ,." II. A. Ancnsa, ai. n.,
1 So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Castoria.
Sal
osa of ' Castoria ' 1 Fa universal ami
t no well known that it .vus a work
t:rf patir-h to endorse it. Fiw are the
teffltit families vrho do not keep Cantoris
easy roach.
Cajua Maxttk, D. D.,
Kew York City.
irUfiin
Castoria cures Colic, Constipation,
Sour Etomrxli, Piarc-iioca, Eructation,
llllla VTcnns, rives sloop, cid promotes dl
gention.
Without injurious medication.
GOV. CARR ON THE WEALTH OF
THE OLD NORTH STATE. ,
' For several years I have rreomrncindsH;
your ' Castoria.,' ai:d CaeZl fj-.rr.ys coctinua tc
do so ns it Luis invariably produced benefici
result!."
Eaimi F. Vxr.sn, JL D.,
125th Street and 7Ui Ave, ITcw York CRy
Tnx CnrrAUK Coxirr, 77 Kgxhay trtst, Kkt York Crrf
o p i Ea..-
CURES ALL SKIM
AND
BLOOD DISEASES
Uml
4N P. P. 4. oj a iplendwi oombto ouor.,
with (ml ilifartlon for tb rant of all
. c3 s
tvl.il A
E&Iet&v?!
MB
iiViVv Jl'Ufl t'-'J 1
IT IS A DITTY you ctvo ym inralf ond fam-
ilr to eet tho best valuer lor ycur money,
oioi,:izo In year footwear by parchailiig
W. L itteii Khoen, which represent th
beet aiHB for piiceo &.kear as thou.anda
""OrJLE NO P.ITBSTITUTB.a
- " :i
iSMVc-eiSRES,
reft teitesi
THE B3T SHOS IH THE Fan THS KCRET.
A ceuuine sewe.i thee. tnr tft'i wot tip, fino
CBl, seamless, nmcoth inside, fioxlblo, mora cn
t ortabk?, e trl'sn and Auranlt than Rny other shoe ever
oldcttbo'rrice. Euiia custom madeehoasccalns
trorx $i tc ' -
a end Hendewed.ilnecftlf sbo?a. Th
nioctjitvllsh,easy and durable shoes ever 6old
at the. price, "hey c;uLl lino tuijiorocd siocs ccbtlns
t rem $5s to $12. . . . -
g 50 1'ol'fO Bhop, worn fcy farmers nad all
41 0 a others who wsr,t a rkhI hcary czlC, turea
aoled, extension ciic? s!io?, easy to woiiL la, &nd vriU
rwfafet f, F. r .Pn-kij Ju2j, fck. Km
MM.HWI. I
led, extei
cn the fe
CO SO Fine Calf, QZ.'ZS end fS'J.CO W orft
iDcmrc'R Siioes wlU give more weiir for tho
money than any other make. They are made for ser
vice. The Increasing sales shoT that vrorJUngmca
have found this out. -Dnu
5.00 n Yontlis' i?t.75 Scboel
E3uyUi ihocs are wo:n ly the boys every
ivhereT The most serviceable shoes sold at the price.
B niorS e.0 Ilaori-scTve-J. SVi.&e,
RaCiie29 f-i.OO and gi.?5 Shoes fo
Misses era madoot the best Dongola cr fins Calf, a
dealred. They O'o very etyllsh, comfortable and dura
ble. The 93.00 shoe euhls custom made shoes ecstinj
f n3 C4.00 to 86.iJ(i. Xatf ies who wisU to eccaomUe la
their loot wear are Dnding this out.
. CskiIhh W. TorcTna' n.imo Mid rho twlcs la
rtumped on tho boUom of ench ehoe; look for it
when you bey. Itevi-areof dealers attempt !nz to sub
stitute otier uake forthera. Such substitutions are
t raudulentand subject to prosecution by law Jor ob
taining money under t'alue pretence.
W. U. liOL Glits, lirocktou riass. Bold by
t? O ?J ia
ILD.I W H i
, Llpjimsala Block, E AViL'HlH. GL
111. Pri.'. l.nt.ti-tlln v.i vmtL' i !if.
f"wiwthsi1atK'n. iiml had I si, hp iim of njv
5 iklene lw (ur nine yca. I went lo H.
f nnpsnt,al;otrld different ciot'tors but, round
rarentn i xiUl Botanic Blood It made
laatBdmrif. -I am well known here
' SlvASiiAH, Ga., April 20, 1839.
""iMuA-d Ibite boulcs of r. V. V
jor impure blood and geueiul weakness.
u uaving derive! "great beueiils from
Jume, having gained 11 pounds in
fwgniin jour weeks. 1 take tirsat pieas-
ria rocoiumeudiuir it ta unfortunates
fit Voiiivi trnlv
J U UN MORRIS.
0E5Je,of J.N. McElroy,Drugist. i
fHlnfl.. Vl-i iivi!iL0 1S)1 1
&5rs. LfiimnHii Urns.. SiivKniih. (ia..
War Sirs-i-l thrw lmttlu ..f 1 1
.lfi;e size'vi'.strt?:LV. ;inl mm" bottle
Uize to-day. . . . '
f. P. 1. cured mv wife of rheuma-
J' Winter befme hb;t. It cati:e buck on
tWtllai-.t 1 l..."if I.....J,-
P'liie relieved. her again, and fclie bus
ni a lyraptom since.
MhJ4 bottle of P. 1 P. to a friend of
fHohia turkeys, a small one
7 rnd hi mife Rave it a teaspoon-
L , M in th evening, and the lit
Felt aw .i im i . j .t . j
8xt morning was up hollering and
lours respectfully.
J. N.'McELllOY.
Savannah. Ga.. 17 1SS)K
Lippman Bros., 8avaonah,Ga.:
i r3' Sirs. 1 havR -KiiflVred from' rhpn-
1SB1 for a Inmr tim. jiml lil not, fir.l
Ptf until I found 1. P. P.,which com-
'Jf. cured me. Yours truly.
KLIZ At F.JONES
16 Orange St., Savannah.
FOn ALL
North Carolina, one of the origi
nal thirteen States that formed the
American Union, is situated on the
Atlantic seaboard between 33 cleg. 50
ruin, and 30 deg. 33 niin. l north lati
tude,;! ntl between 75 deg. 27 rain, and
74 deg. 20 miu. west longitude. It
stretches 500 miles east and west,
across the entire breadth of the At
lantic slope of the Appalachians in a
longr narrow, rudelj triangular belt,
its western extremity, less than twen
ty miles wide, resting ou tbe highest
plateau aud summits of that continen
tal system of mountains, while its
eastern end spreads out to a breadth
of 200 hundred miles in r low, level,
and gently undulating plain n the
Atlantic coast, with a curving shore
lineof more than 300 miles. Its area
is 52,2S6 square mile, of which 3020
areVcoverep by water ; and of the land
area more than one-half is still forest
covered.
The State may bt easily divided in
to four distinctive reioni : Tht wei-
tern, or mountain region, extending
from the Tennessee line on the west
to the Blue Itidge ; the Piedmont, ex
tending fiom the foothills of the Blue
llidge eastward to about the Piedmont
Air Line railroad ; the midland region,
ling between the Piedmont on the
west and the Seaboard Air Line rail
road on the east, and the eastern
region extending from the latter line
eastward to the Atlantis.
The western section is a rugged
mountainous plateau ; it forms a nar
row, irregular, much indented trough,
lying between thechainsof the;Smoky
mountains and the Blue Ridge the
former being the western boundary of
the State. The length of this plateau
ironr northeast to southwest is more
than 200 miles, its breadth 15 to 50
miles, and its area nearly 0,000 square
miles. The Smoky chain has a gen
eral erevation of from 5.000 to C.000
feet, rising in many suurmis to 0,500
feet said upwards. The Bine Ridge,
which constitutes the eastern boundary
of the plateau, is a very sinuou.saiul
angular and struggling mountain
chain, with a general elevation of from
3.C00Ito 1,000 and upwards, a few of
its higher summits, aboutjmidway in
the State, reaching nearly G,000,feet.
These two bounding chains are con
nected by.many north smd south cross-f-haiiiK
of Ptltl al elevation with them
selves or greater, and sepurad by.
deep valleys. On on of these cross
chaifilCcalled the Black Mountains,
is Mitchell's Peak, the highest point
east of the Mississippi, its altitude be
ing 0,711 feet (100 feet "above Mount
Washington in New Hampshire.)
The Piedmont plateau has along its
western margin an altitude of from
1,200 to 1,500 feet
0
2 md9 E&PU
S r i ? SCROFULA, ULCERS, SALT
1 1 wUl UJ RHEUtl. ECZEMA, even
iorm of mulionant SKIN ERUPTION, be
sides b.lng efficacious In tonir.g up the A
system and restoring the constitution,
when Impaired from any cause. Its
almost supernatural healing properties
justify us in guaranteeing a cure. If
directions are followed.
CEUT rncc nxusraATED
Otn I rrlCC "Bnk .r WBUra."
BLOOD BALM CO., Atlanta. Qa. $
QOOO.OOO oo o
ii L' n d n f 9 n at. an n EOEni
o
NTED.
Reliable Person inr Every Town
take the Exclusiye Agency
of the
World's Columbian Expo
sition Illu;!rafiH.,,
tii..
J,nNTIC0RQ0FTH FAIR.
ESTABLISHED ISiO.
tit . . - .. ' . ..
" "r-portunitj to JlaksMcacv fr
the Next Year.
V,-' uwt,llU(
veins in stamps lor Samp
y an l fall particulars.
3'B. CAM?3ELL.
153 Mm fVCKIC&GC.lll.
mis I invii is'
j,
To tcreoasti pat kstt purElne th Vew- V
lahtUdtarMa(HweakiuiCliHr
power of metiM. A fftlo aperient Q
efTc is only required. Tntva TlaT
XJver PUls are prepared vcltU special
views to th3 pcrciaacat cure of J
O- COSTrVEMESS and HEADACHE.
They are laild and remain la tho sya- fj
tem nittil they act on to live?, cause
a natural flow of bile and tiioir tpnia
3 properties impsrtpowcr to tho 'bow
els to remove unhealthy nccumnlcv-
result from the use of these Ilttlo pills.
IUce, S3o. Ofiice, Silur!i: Place, K. V.
O O O OOO OQO
above sea-level,
and is"iuouiitainoui,j,wilh high! and
precipiious spurs projected eastward
and southward from the Blue. Kidge.
A few of these extend in irregular
straggling ranges across.the'breadth of
the Piedmont Section, which is CO or
75 miles wide, and carries an elevation
of 1,000 feet to near its eastern mar
gin. 1
The middle region of .the State is a
country of hills and valleys and rolling
uplands, its prominent topographical
features beiug-a succession of broad
undulations with eastward or south
ward trends, constituting the water
shed between a number of large river,
which take their rise in the Piedmont
or on the flanks of the Blue Ridge
and reach the Atlantic through a sy
ttm of wide valleys 300 to 500 feet be
low the intervening divides. The
aresrof this region is about U,0UU
square miles ; its altitudes, descending
gradually from 1,000 feet on the west
to about 200, on the east, averages
about 850 feet.
. Eastward, to the sea, lie a region
100 to 120 miles wide and 20,000
square miles in area. The surface is
generally quite level, but inplacej un
dnlati,ng and billy t wards the western
border, especially near tint largest
rivers. Towards the coast it is di
versified by numerous and extensive
sounds, bays, rivers, lakes, marshes,
swamps, aud inland from Hatteras and
the eastern hore being less than 20
'feet' above the sea-level. The sea is
separated frjm this low-lying territo
ry by a long narrow chain of sand
banks or duties, ranging from 10 to
100 feet -and upwards in height and
m. iinascurcamouaanua e . 1 , v.
and will cure tou. Drup-sista have it' Bead separated la nai t a score oi juacca uj
Ciamp icr dook.
JUL J. P. DKO2G0CLE & C0W Loclsrllle, Sj.
Cures all Female Complaints and Monthly
irregularity, Leuoerrhcea orWbitos, Pain in
Back or Sides, streagthens the feeble, builds
up the whole system. It has cured thousands
inlets which connect tHe sofjds vyrth
the ocean. v
THE CLIMATE. .
The diversity of climate wich ex
ists in North Carolina is a natural ac
companiment of the diversity of physi
cal features just described, and is well
illustrated by the variations in forest
and flora mentioned below. Dividing
the State into three general climatic
regions, we have the following average
temperatures for the year i. Eastern
region, 00.7 degrees; central region,
59.5 degrees; western region, 55.0 de
grees. The general average tempera
ture entire State is 59.0 4 degrees; while
the yearly average for the whole
Northern Hemisphere is 59.5 degrees,
thus showing that while we have di
versity of climate, we have also a gen
eral average annual temperature and
one free from extremes. In only a
few localities of the State does the
thermometer ever fall below zer even
in cold winters, and it rarely rises tven
in the central-counties, which are the
warmest, above 100 degrses in min
summur. The climate of Eastern
North Carolina is often Kaid to re
semble that of Southern Frauce and
Italy, while that of Western North
Carolina resembles that of Northern
France and Belgium.
The average annual rainfall (in
cluding rain, snow, and sleet) is 53.29
inches; while that for the three gener
al regions is as follows : For the
eastern region, 55.23 inches; central
counties, 19.01 niches, and for the
western region, 53.32 inches. This
precipitation is divided nearly uniform
ly through the different seasons, with
a slightly greater amount during the
summer, and less in the autumn.
Notwithstanding this large amount ot
rainfall, the humidity tables show
that the climate i. as dry as that of
France aud other countries having a
similar rainfall.
This dryness of oi.r atmosphere, es
peciallv in the midland and western-
counties, is found to be decidedly fa
vorable Jo the prevention and recovery
from consumption and similar disord
ers which develop in more rigorous
climates. And as this fact becomes
more widely known, the number of
consumptives froni other States who
visit these dry places in North Caro
lina is yearly increasing, aud the pro
portion of these who recover entirely
or are greatly improved is phenomenal
lvlarcre. In a few of these areas con-
sumption is unkuown, except among
persons who visit them to be cured by
the pure dry air. The death rate for
North Carolina is appreciably less than
the average for the United States ; and
the climate of the whole State is fa
vorable to health, except in limited
malarial tracts in the lowlands along
some of the eatern rivers, and the
reports as to the prevalence of this
malady are greatly exaggerated.
Where it is met with, it appears to be
due more to the use of impure surface
drinking water than to any peculiari
ty of the atmosphere of the region. In
a number of cases which hnve come
under ray personal observation mala
ria has disappeared from plantations
where it had long been common, as
soon as cistern water was used for
drinking purposes
TR A NSPORTATIOX.
Visiting health resorts in various
portions of State aloug the sea coast,
in the midland counties and among
the mountains; pleasure seeking on
the seashore and in our wonderfully
beautiful mountain region ; and our
growing commerce, uave gneu use
to increasing demands for means oi
transportation. To meet this we now
have more than .0,000 miles or rail
road and 1,000 of waterways open'to
steamboat navigationincluding rivers,
bays, sounds, and cauals, forming ex
cellent lines of communications wun
the various ports along the coast from
Wilmington to Norfolk in Virginia
Our facilities for foreign commerce at
Wilmington have been receutly great
Iv improved. Large vessels drawing
20 feet of water reach her wharves
without lifKculty have aided in stim
ulating her growth as a cotton market.
AGRICULTURE.
Dnrinc the first century of North
Carolina's cxisteace as a State her peo
ple were mainly engaged in agricultu
ral pursuits and it has been only dur
ing the past few decades that; such
other important elements of national
prosperity and greatness as manu
factures and commerce have begun to
receive a considerable share of atten
tion. This state of things has in large
measure characterized the early de
Felopment of all countries, but has
b?en mor more especially true of this
and neighboring States because the
character of the labor. and conditions
of climate and soil have ben more
favorable to agricultural development.
But our people are now recognizing
the fact that their future prosperity
depends upon the building up of di-
I versified industries, and they are turn
ing more attention to manufacturing,
mining and commerce. A brief state
ment of existing conditions will serve
to show that this tendency has a basis
of fact and that its future is secured.
A diversity of agricultural products
may be mentioned as the first import
ant element in the present and future
prosperity of the State. A country
which dejHmds for food largely upon
one product, such as potatoes or rice,
may suffer from famine when this
crop fails, and another which depends
for its money supply upon some staple
like cotton may be impoverished by
the fall in price or partial failure of
the crop. But ,'any region where ex
ists the possibility oE agricultural di
versity, the failure in one crop is ac
companied by the success of another.
And it h claimed for North Carolina
that her farmers can cultivate success
fully a greater variety of crops than
are grown inany other' American
State.
Tins vaiietyjof products is due to
aa existing great diversity in soil and
clim;ite. The eastern margin of the
State, but little above sea level, is
pushed out into the ocean' and comei
in contact with the warm brezes; anl
along the southeastern border, whers
the influence of the gulf stream is
marked, sugarcan?, rice, the palmetto,
the live-oak and ether semi-tropical
plants attain a vigorous growth. Fur
ther inland along t he lines of the At
lantic Coast Line railroad and North
Carolina railroad, under the modifying
influences cf the sea, has grownup a
profitable and extensive trucking
homines, sunnlviu&r vecriitables tor
" v ii ' ' j
early Northeastern markets. In pass
ing from the East with its lowlands
near the coast, westward to the moun
tains, whichjie 300 to 100 miles dis
tunt and rise to a height of 0,711 feet
above the ocean, we find the same va
riations in temperature, soil, and pro
ducts as if this are.t extended from
Eastern Carolina northward across
Pennsylvania and New York, ths
forest trees and other vegetation of
the mountain counties resembling
that of the latter States. Intermedi
ate between the coast region and
the mountains lie in the Piedmont
counties, which with their mild cli
mate and their fertile loam soil, are
becoming the important region of the
State' both in agriculture and manu
factures. THE COTTON PROP.
Cotton is grown in a majorit y of
the counties of the State, and in thosa
best .adapted to its cultivation the
eastern, and midland regions it con
tinues to be planted so extensively as
in a large measure to exclude other
crops. During the pust few year the
price has been so low (8 and 9 cents a !
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
Tr H O
tr- :
from one to one and one-half bales
per acre, there are some of the best
stock farms to be found in the State,
and in these regions yields per acre of
20 to 30 bushels of wheat. 10 to 75
bushels of oats, 50 to 100 bushels of
corn, 200 to 100 of Irish and sweet
potatoes, two to three tons of hayr
10 to 100 bushels of peanuts, are not
ujicommen.'and much larger yields
are reporteihfrora individual acres.
Iu the lowlands of the Eastern re
gion, where the soils are too wet for
this diversity of crops, com, grasses
and rice are the profitable substitutes,
the latter crop being largely grown in
the southeastern section. In the
mountain counties, corn, wheat, oats,
rye, the grasses, buckwheet, potatoes,
and tobacco, all grow luxuriantly and
complete for ascendency as profitable
crops. A single acre in Buncombe
county is said to hava produced the
large yield of 1,200 bushels of pota
to, x In these counties stock raising
is also an extensive and profitable
spindles. The- profits arising from
many of these mills range from 10 to
25 per cent, on the capital invested.
There are 13 woolen mills, operating
about 100 looms and over 100Q- spin
dtes. There are of tobacco ; factories
located at Winston, Durham, Reid
ville, Henderson, Raleigh and else
where, 110 plug factories, 9 smoking
tobacco factories, 3 cigarette7 factories
and many cigar factories, the aggre
gate business of which amounts to
several million dollars per annum.
There are 57 carriage and buggy fac
tories, located in 3d counties; 32 wag
on factories, 25 furniture factories, 0
hub, spoke and handle factories 21 .
sash, door and blind factories, 8 paper
mills, 8 knitting mills, 12 canning, es
tablishments, including vegetables,
fruits and oysters, 11 cotton-seed oil
mills, 10 fertilizer factories, aud a con
siderable number of miscellaneous es
tablishments. Probably the greatest
progress-has been made in the growth
of cotton factories, cotton-seed oil mills
and tobacco factories; these have con-
I U if : fl... A.,IIna n
oraucu oi laruimii. xuc tunuic .
tobacco, long common in the western tinued to yield the largest profits.
FISHERIES.
and upper counties, has of late extend
fd rapidly into Che esistern counties.
This has long b:en the most skilled
and the most profitable class f farm
ing practised in the State the most
pains-taking farmers, under favorable
conditions, often selling their crops of
bright yellow tobacco at prices which
yield from $200 to $G00 per acre. A
careful estimate shows the annual to
bacco crop of the State to approximate
75,000,000 pound i, with a. valuation of
,000,000, tc $8,000,000.
TRUCKING.
As an important eleJiiot in thh
growing diversity of agricultural prod
ucts, I may mention also that the areas
devoted to trucking, vineyards and
orchards have increased greatly during
the past few years. Ten years ago
trucking on a commercial scale in
North Carolina was almost unknown;
but the"industry has developed so rap
idly in the eastern counties, along the
several lines of railroad, that during
the past year the area devoted to this
industry amounted to many thousand
acres, and the financial returns reach
ed several millions of dollars.
During the same period the areas
planted in grapes and other fruits on a
commercial scale have been considera
bly extended. In the eastern sandy
soil the Scuppernong grape flourishes,
and vineyards, like the Tokay in Cum
berland county and Medoc in Nash
county, have won a favorable and wide
reputation for their wines. In the
other
midland and western coaties,
pound) that even in case of the most igrapes like the Concord, Ives, Catawba,
careful farming the margin oi prom, flourish, and many vmeyarus uavo
was reduced to a minimum; but the j already reached large propoitions and
effect of this reduction has been in a I are shipping both wine and' grapes to
measure counterbalanced by the in-' the markets of the country. Peach
. . M ill.- t
profits arising from tiie .orchards on a commercial scale are
creasing
w . A . i
manufacture of oil and meal trom ti.e
cotton seed. And yet it must be ad
mitted that the agricultural depression
in the cotton belt is quite marked and
general. One important cause of this
depression is clearly recognized -over
production of cotten and underpro
duction of such farm supplies as con
stitute food f'jr man and beast. Thoe
e a sii-p fldontinor a different
policy of raising these necessary sup
plies as far as possible at home, and
then, cultivate cottou as a money crop,
are finding less cause for complaint of
hard times, and are pointing to one of
the ways by which thrift and prosperi
ty may again be made to characterize
farming i n the Southern States.
To those who enter upou the sub
ject with this latter plan as a guid,
cottonfarming offers many induce
ments, for, in addition to the profits
arising frm the sale of the lint and
cotton seed oil, meal and hulls (or the
use of the tw latter for feeding stock
and as a fertilizer), the farms of the
cotton belt will ali produce various
other crops corn, wheat, oats, clover,
trasses, tobacco, potatoes, peanuts,
&c. So that in Edgecombe, Wke,
Mecklenburg, and Foiyth counties,
where the yield of cotton is oiten
being established in the central coun
ties and in the "thermal belts" oflhe
mountain region; and on the mountain
slopes of the western counties apple
orchards are growing in number and
area and the fruit has already become
widely and favorably known.
MANUFACTURES.
But it is in manufacturing enter
prises that North Carolina has shown
the greatest development during the
past few years. The numerous streams
which, as they pass across the totate.
descend from the mountains and hills
to the lowlands, furnish water-powers
here and there, which in the aggregate
are estimated to be equal to 3,500,000
horse power. The abundant supply of
wood furnishes a cheap fuel to supple
ment the oal; labor is cheap jand satis
factory, and the climate mild enough
to allow uninterrupted work. Under
these favorable conditions manufactur
ing establishments haye been spring
ing ap rapidly during the pastfew
years, and are certain to increase in
number, magnitude and variety in the
near futwv,
There are in the State at the pres
ent time 100 cotton mills, located in 33
different counties operating about 12,-
000 looms aud more than 000,000
In portions of the extreme eastern
counties, where the conditions are less
favorable for agriculture and manufac
tures, the fishery interests supplement
these industries and contribute materi
ally to the wealth of the region. Prom
inent among these fisheries may be
mentioned the shad and herring fish
eries at Avoca and Eden ton in the
Albemarle sound, which are among
the largest and best equipped -fishing
establishments in the country; the
Beaufort and Morehead fisheries,
where a variety of fish in large quan
tities are caught, and the Cape Fear
: i. u , r TT"- -
nail 1 J vo, Airwuv tu t w , w v m. ma,
and New rivers, which ? yield largw
quantities of mullets. There are also
many intervening points where, fish
eries of lesser importance exiit.
Many of the shad and other fish are
shipped to large markets packed in ice;
others are salted for hiter shipments. .
The oyster interest in North Caroli
na has come into prominence during
the past few years. Careful surveys of
be sounds of the eastern region de
monstrated the fact that there exist in
hese waters already large natural beds
of oysters and other large areas well
adapted to oyster culture. It is hoped
that in the future the development of
this industry may result in jreat bene
fits to the people of that region and to
the State at large.
MINERALS. .
In consequencef the wide distribu
tion of the older rocks there is a nota
ble abundance and variety of minerals.
More than 180 species have been dis
covered, some of great rarity. Nearly
a score of different species of gemj
have been found, including the dia
mond, ruby, sapphire, emerald, beryl.
azulite, amethyst, garnet, agate and
mi i - . 7 . . ..
zircon, i nere occur aiso uany miner
als having special applications in the
useful arts, viz: mica, corundum, as
bestos, bary te, chromic iron, garnet.
zircon, kaolin, black oxide of mangan
ese, talc, pyrophyllite, &c. Mica if
found in large veini or dykes in the
gneisses of the midland and western
counties, but the most extensive and
valuable mines are found in thejiioun
tnin recrion. where workable reins-are
numerous and extensive and yield
sheets of mica of unusual sizeanlj ex
cellence. Corundum w about, as wide
ly distributed as mica, and occurs in
the same series of rocks as well as jn
some of the slate belts. It occurs gen
erally in veins which traverse' the belt
of chrysolite or serpentine rock which
extends from VVatauga county into
Georgia, between the Blue"Ridg and
bmoky mountains, m this region are
also numerous beds of white and vari
ously colored marbVa. Building stones
of every tariety are found in nearly ;ll
the sectioni, and whetstone, .rni!i'tnn
and grindstone grits, as well as putter',
clay and fireclay j and in the jieaboai o
ection are immense beds of peat an.;
marl Iron, copper and x gold or-
Continue J on 4th pag.
    

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