M : - I'm! t -
I' , . -: - ... ; - - ! ' ; . ';
j ..' 4 ;. sir
. x s - .' - In. A.- , THli
E. REYNOLDS, Editor.
"Equal and Exact Justice to All.'
lt- i . . Sjuggu
Under New Management
L; XLII. NO. 40.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12 1896.
l . . L . s J - ' -
FOREIGK AF.FAIKS DISC'USSKD.
Our Relations With RnlaaU
Cuban fasurreeXioft and American
On Tudbuay at ncou the long-expec
ted Message frc.n President Cleveland
ument was very lengthy, but below
will' be foiindite falient points:
To the Corhrefnf the United States:
The 'prfcstM aseemblngjef the legis
lative brh of our government occurs
at a timw'&e tne mtj!rest3 i our
M C i
i ttje nees of! the country
I condition of ! "our foreign
jand the exigencies of our
fjuanceH t-pfccial importance.
reijorta of the heads of the
'eewal. aAniuistra'tiun depaitmeuts of
ihygoveriiinent fully aad plaiuly ex
tf'it vht h.'.s. been aqcomplished
tf thia thq, 8cpie of tlniir respective
ehties, aili present such recomnienila-
ons foT ihe bettermeut of our co:m-
try's coniliti'j!! as .patriwc and intelli
gent laboi and observation BUggeet.
-ittor riviewin in a cenerp.l vavthe
rej:orts-rJferrt'l to the Presidents pro
ceeds. . .
M vne reaim2;tiOQ of specie payments
by Cljiii if a type of great interest and
miportande both in its direct conse
queuccs u jou her own welfare, and as an
evidence i f the ascendency of sound
.financial principles in one of the most
influentia of the South. American re
publics. f take J h.aertre in calling to yctir at
tention t :e encomiums bestowed on
those vest els of our now navy which
took part in the notable ceremony of
the Kkl C anal,
- Our rel itions with Great Britiaa, al
ways intinate and important, have de
manded d lring tho pat year even a
greater si ire of consideration than is
usual, & sverul "vexatious questions
were lft indetcrmined by the decision
of th'-'Beh -iug Sea arbitration tribunal.
The application of the principles laid
down by that august body has not been J
folio v.-eii By the results they were in
tended tojaceoumlish, because their ex
ecution his been mote or less imperfect.
The uiuerstanding by which the
United Slates was to pay andiGreat
B i iti an tit r b& a 1 m p. s m$. o f
t-i-io.COO fn full eetthsmeut of ali Brit-'
lfh clain for damngey arisicg from
our fccizuic of Biilioh sealing vessels
jud authorized under tho award oi" the
4)arisa tribunal of arbitration was not
y conurmecf ny tae last congress, wnieu
decline d Sp make the necessary appro
priation, j I am sijll of the opinion that
this ai rant tment i as a judicious and
advantageous' one for the Government,
and I earicc-tiv recommend that it be
again con adered and banctioned. Not
' withstand ing that Great Britain Crigi
nated the proposal to enforce interna
tional rul s. for the prevention of col
lisions at sen.
VEfZUEL4 fjt."DAr. DISl'UTE.
It being Apparent that thv bDuudary cii
puto be: wet u Great lirityia and the Repub--
lie of Veauela concerning tho limits of
BiiisLi Guffina was approaching an acute
gtajje, a deiuite statement of interest and
policy of tao Uiiiied States as regards the
controvers; senij. i to sjo requirea eotn on
its own ace uot and in view of its relations
with the fti iiiuly powers directly concerned.
Lf July 1 it, therefore, a dispatch, was ad
dressed -to our embassador at London for
cornmunica tbin to the British government ja
t which the : ttttude of the United Slates was
fully, and d stiuctly set forth. Tha' general
; jL'onelnsien; therein reached and formulated
are in tubi taafce t&at ihe traditional and
f established poll -y of this government is
nrmly opjn sed to a forcible increase by any
- ii-foiean i ower ofjts territorial possessions
l This eon ifi-nt: that tbis p-lir-y is as well
fbiuded in prUicipl. as it i-: strongly sup
' porVidj by i umerous precedents; that as a
eonk.fu.viic 5 the United States is bound to
ci t,t a.jii nst '.!; enlargement cf the area
of B:Visii C uiana in derogation of the rights
I and ajjinsi "will of Venezuela; tha territorial
, dLpubet s-evn them can be reasonably set
tied oiilfhy friendly and impartial arbitration,
nad tlmt ; resort to such arbitration should
tnelude ths whole controversy and is not sat
IsHed ifn of the powers concerned is per
mitted to J 3kw an arbitrary line through the
termory'ii ckbaie arid to declare that It will
submit to ; rbAration on'v tho dortion lvinsr
on one sid of A In view of these eonelus
loca, the d spattik in qnestion called upon
the British goyeinent for a definite answer
to the'quet tioh v.j'vther it Va!d or would
not submit rhe teriHory ecuLoversy between
itself and 1 enczucia in its entirety to impar
tial arbitiE ion. The auswer of ihe, British
governmei t has not yet been received, but
is expeetec shortly, when further communi
catii u on t le -subject will probably be made
to the Con ;res.s. ' "
i in ccbax iKsunnrcnoK.
Cuba is pgain gravely disturbed.
6uireetioaJ la some respects more active
than the last preeeedina rc-vuit, which con-
tinuea jropi itts to lots, now. exists in a
large part f the eastern interior of the Is
land mena ing even some population on the
coast, besi ies deranging the commercial ex-,
change of he Island of which our country
takes the iredominaiit share. This flagrant
CDLilition df hostility by arousing sentimental
eympathy imd inciting adventurous support
among ourineopie nas entailed earnest effort
on the paat of. this government to enforce
obedience io our neutrality laws and to pre-
em iua terriiory oi ine unueQ tstates trom
oeitig aPuted. as a vantage ground from
which to aid those in arms against Spanish
eoveretecut; . Whatever may be the tradi
tional g5'm; athyjf our countrymen as indi
yiduala th plainSuty of their governtoent is
taobs'Trvfe good faith in the recognized ob
ligations! internal relationship.
ili.Vi.MVN MjVSSACKES. '
Occyrrpi ces in Turkey have contihued.to
excite cone ?rn. The reported massacres of
Christians In Armenia and the development
there and i i other districts of a spirit of fa
natic hosti ity to Christian influences natur-j
islly exeite apprehension for the safety of!
Ihe devote men and women, who. as"de-i
pendents c the foreign missionary societies!
fn the United States, reside in Turkey under!
the guarai: Lee of law and 'usage and in the:
legitimate jerformance of their educational
and religio is mission. No efforts have been!
spared in heir behalf, and their protection
lnperson ind. property has been earnestly
and vigor usly entorced by every means
within our power, -i
Referenois made to the extension of the
civil servk a rules to certain consular ap
iTointraentf ry d then follows:
cub riSAycnuc; stTCATioy.
As we turn from a review of our foreign
relations to tle contemplation of our nation-'
al financial situation wo are immediately
aware that we approach a subject of domes- :
tic concern more" important than any other- j
that can engage our attention, and one afe j
present in sueb a parplexing and delicate .
predicament as to require prompt and wiS9
By command of the people a customs reve-lf
nue system, designed for the protection PurC I
benetft-ol favored classes at the eraeuso of!-.
fine great masses of our countrymen, and
which, while inefficient for the purpose
revenue, curtailed our trade relations and
impeded our entrance to the markets ot th
world, has -bean supersceded by a tariff'
policy, which in principle is based upon ia
denial of th right of the government tj
obstruct the avenues to our peoples' cheap
living or lessen their comfort and content-;?
ment, for ther sake of according especiat ad-l.
vantages to favorites, and which, while,
encouraging our interior and trade with?
other nations, recognizes tha fact that Ameri
can self-reliance, thrift, and ingenuity can
build up our.country'o industries and develop
its resources more surely than an enervating!
paternalism in February, 1895, therefore, the?
situation was exceedingly critical.
The results cf prior bond issues had been;
exceedingly unsatisfactory, and tho large
withdrawals of gold immediately succeeding
to their public sale in open market gave rise to-;
a reasonable suspicion that a large part of
the gold paid into the treasury upon euj3h
sales was promptly drawn out ayain y tnej
presentation of United States notes or tiete-l
ury notes and found its way to the hands? off
those who had only temporarily parted wiih
it in the purchase of bonds.
Tho meisapre then takes up the repeap pff
the silver purchase clause, says it under--mined
confidence and produced the pMkl
The history of tho issue and partial reueihi)-!
tion of United Slatesnotes is given at length.!
GOLD BESEUVE. ji
fitress i3 laid Gn the importance of the gbldg
reserve. Los3 of gold is attributed to the:,
existence of Treasury notes. Tho rise and;
fall of the reserve is followed, and the histo4
ry of the bond issues, matters that are fatal-g
liar to our readers, are rehearsed m detail. jj
Then follows a history of the contract with-
the bond syndicate. i
"I have never had the tightest aisgiVing
concerning the wisdom or propriety of this;
arrangement." ' s ! 1
As to further gold withdrawals it shysi
Quite iarge withdrawals for shipment in tla
immediate Intilce are predicted in veil in-i
formed quarters. About S16,0C0,000f bs
been withdrawn during the month of iN'ovom-
ber. The foregoing statement oi counts ana';
condition, develops tho fact that after iu-
creasing our interest bearing bonded indebt- ;
edness more than $102,000,000 to save ouc
gold reserve, we are nearly where we staricd,'
having now in such reserve S'79,SC3.9, aaJ
against $85,438,377- in Feb. 18'J4, when; the
hrst bonds were issued. ; j
The government has paid in gold more,
than nine-tenths of 'its United Slates Actpl
and stiH owes them all. It has paid in gold
about one-baif of its notes given for stiver5 !
purchases without extinguishing by such j
payment one dollar of these notes. The;
government has incurred a bonded indebt
edness of 693,500.000 ia establishing a goid'
reserve, and ol 162,315,400 in efforts to
'fAVGES EETIBEMEST OE OB.EEKLACKS.
TlH5uble is found in the retirement and can-
eellation of our United States notes, common-
ty eaneu green uucks, auu tae cuisiimning
treasury aoieiJssued by the tMmnt
Mvm:'nt nf silver nnroh&aoa nnnor Vni &.it or a
J t. v.
I believe this cculd be quite readily aocom- -
rhsaed bv the exenange of these notes for
United States bomis of small as well as largesl
denominations, bearing a low rato of inter-1
The currency withdrawn by"the retirement;?
of the United States notes and treasurv aotesil
.imounting to probably less than C.iSG,bOO,OO0
might be supplied oy such gold as would oe
uiad on their retirement or by an increase in '4
I think they should be allowed to issue cir
culation equal to the par value cf the ionds
they deposit to secure it, and that the tax on
their circulation should bo reduced to! ne
fourth of one per cent., which would un--d
dubtedly meet all the expense the govern
ment incurs cn their account.
In a general way the President proceeds to;
inumate tnat the establishment of ;btato
bauks may be a necessity
age. he says :
As to silver ccin
I do not overlook the fact that the cancella- j
tion of the treasury notes issued under the
silver purchasing act of 1830 would leave the
treasury in the actual ownership of sufficient
silver including seignioragOj to coin nearly
$178,000,000 in standard dollars. It is worthy
of consideration, whether this might not,
f:om time to time, be converted into dollars
or fractional coin and slowly' put into circa-;
lation as in the judgment of tho Secretary
of the Treasury the necessities of tho coun
try should require.
No government, no human contrivance or
act ol legislation, has ever been able to hold
tbe two metals together in . free coinage at a
ratio appreciably different from that which is
established m the markets of the world.
Those who believe that our independent free
coinage oi sliver at an artmciai ratio: wita
gold of 16 to 1 would restore the parity be- -1
tween the metals, and consequently between ..
the coins, oppose an unsupported and hnUf
probable theory to the general belief and j
practice of other nations, and to the teach
ing of the wisest statesmen and economist of.
the world, both in the oast and present.
The President then went on to argue the
impraetability of bimetalism, upheld the gold t
standard as the only true means oi vaiue,
holding thai "it does not despise-silver norj
sees its Danlsnment, and -that "sa.a a
standard abo gives free scope for the use and
expansion of Safe and conservative credit.?
He urges the advocates of free coinage of
silver to re-examine their views and beliefs
in the light of patriotic- reason and familiar
experience, and to weigh again and again
tho consequences of such legislation as their
efforts have invited. Even the continued
agitation of the subject adds greatly to the ;
difficulties of a dangerous financial situation
already lorcel upon us.
In conclusion 1 especially entreat the peo--
ple s representatives in the congress, who are
charged with the responsibility of inaugura
ting measures for the safety and prosperity
of our common country to promptly and efn
fectively consider tho ills of our critical flr
naneial plight. I have suggested a remedy 1
wnien myjuapraent approves.
I desire, however, to assure the Congress
that I am prepared to co-operate with them
in perfecting any other measure proinisiuji
thorough and practical relief, and that I wifi
gladly labor with them in every patri-jtio eijv
deavor to further the interests and guard the
welfare of our countrymen whom In dur re4f
spectlve piaces oi duty we nave undertaken
Chilean Finances in Good Conditio! 1
The financial situation of Chile ts
highly satisfactory, according to the
reeent message of President JVf oil tt to
the Chambers. The expenses in 1S04
amounted to 78,482,000 pesos. Thar
receipts produced 94,042,000 pesos, -which
shows an excess of 10,608,000. i
It is also estimated that under ordi
nary circumstances the financial exPl
ercise of 1896 will close with a surplus '
of about 13,000,000 pesos. The produc-1
tion of nitrate, the most important aij
ticle of Chilean exports which reached
In 1S93 20,665,161 Spanish quintals has
amounted in 1894 to 23,810,283 quin
tals. The whole commercial move
ment in 1894 was represented by 126,
624,030 pesos in value, 54,483,616 being
for importation and 72,040,420 pesos for
exportation. New York Tribune.
BRAZEN IMPUDENCE OF OFFI
A Striking Example of This Official
Prostitution to the Money Power Is
Pound In tho Spaech of Secretary
Carlisle at Boston.
The history of the world Could
scarcely afford a more humiliating
prostitution of the corrupt Influences
cf any age than that which character
izes the acts and utterances of United
States officials in these degenerate days.
A striking esample of this official pros
titution to the money power is found in
a speech cf Secretary Carlisle at a din
ner of the Massachusetts Reform club
in the city of Bc3ien on Saturday, Oct.
12. In this speech Mr. Carlisle said:
"The first great mistake in our cur
rency legislation was made in the act
cf March 17, 1S62, which authorized the
secretary of the treasury to issue Unit-
cJte-no ,4 lso,
000,000. This was a radical and danger
ous departure from true financial prin
ciples, if not a serious Infraction of the
legislation of the United States. This
depreciated paper, of course, expelled
specie from circulation, but as the gov
ernment had net promised to redeem
it at any particular time, it subjected
the treasury department to no serious
responsibility or inconvenience."
The above statements are not only
at variance with the recorded facts of
history, but there are hundreds of thou
sands of men and v.-omen still living to
whom these facts are familiar recol
lections. Mr. Carlisle deliberately
states that the depreciated paper issued
by authority of the act of March 17,
1S62, expelled specie from circulation.
The fact is specie payments were sus
pended by all of the banks Decem
ber ao, 1861, over three months before
the act of authorizing the issue of treas
ury notes was passed, and there was no
specie in circulation from tnat time
until after resumption which took place
nominally in 1879. Mr. Carlisle is not
ignorant of this fact. When he made
the statement that the depreciated
treasury notes drove specie from circu
lation he deliberately stated that which
he knew to be false.
There are a few facts bearing upon
the financiering cf the times that may
be appropriately recited in this connec
tion. Mr. Casca St. John Cole has col
lated these facts and published them in
so concise a form in his little pam
phlet, "Cold Facts," that we shall sim
ply quote and accredit to him. He
In the Bankers' Magazine, January,
1576, George S. Coe, president of the
American Exchange Bank of New York,
tells of the meeting, August 9, 1S61, of
those ?who "were supposed to possess or
controjl capital" with Mr. Chase at the
house' of John J. Cisco, the assistant
treasurer of the United States in New
York. The result of the meeting was
the appointment of;a committee con
sisting of ten bank officers to make ar
rangements to make the loan. Mr. Coe
"It was unanimously agreed that the
associated banks of the three cities
would take $50,000,000 of 7 2-10 notes at
par, with the privilege of an additional
$50,000,000 in sixty days, and a further
amount of $50,000,000 in sixty days
more,, making $150,000,000 in all."
-The following figures also show that
the financial condition cf the banks at
this time was one of great strength:
Deposits. Clrcul't'n! in coin.
$ 92,046.308 ? 8.521.426 $49,733,500
1S.135.061; 6.366.466, 6,665,923
! 15,335,S38i 2.076,857! 6,765,120
"Total liabilities $142,581,956, against
$63,165,030 coin on hand, equal to 45
per cent of liabilities. Surely such con
ditions as these, with judicious admin
istration, were adequate to the work re
quired." These united minted banks had
specie enough on hand to pay 45 cents
on ihe dollar of their liabilities; yet
they agreed to loan the government
$150,000,000 in specie and had $63,165,03?
to do it with. They oyed 55 per cent
more than they could pay in specie. It
would certainly require "judicious man
agement," or something else, on the
prat of a common man to make 45 cents
pay 100 cents and then be able to loan
150 cents, wouldn't it?
1 ' .
NOT DEAD. BUT'VERY SICK.
WeH, the associated banks claimed
to have loaned the "associated people"
the government $159,000,000 in'
specie and Mr. Coe further says: V
"After taking the third amount of
$50,000,000 by the associated banks,
those in New York,-who had at that
time paid in cf their proportion over
$30,000,000 in all, found themselves in
this position: Their aggregate ccin,
which on the 17th of August, before the
first payment into the treasury, was
$49,733,930, was cn Dec. 7, $42,313,610,
a reduction of only $7,il5,3S0, and the
other two citie3 in like proportion.
It may be confidently affirmed
that had the banks been permitted to
exercise their own methods, they could
have continued their advances in sums
of $50,000,000 for an Indefinite period."
Great Caesar's g'notM Just think cf
it; the banks of New York had loaned
the government over $80,000,000 in
specie, out of a stock of $49,738,91)0, and
had reduced their stoe: of specie $7,415,
380. They had loaned nearly twice as
much specie as they pessessed, and had
the government's -bonds for nearly
had lost in Coin. And, "had the banks
been permuted to exercise their own
methods, they could have continued
their advances in sums of $50,000,000
for an indefinite period."
The explanation of "their own meth
ods" by which they were enabled to
perform these acts of legerdemain may
be found la the following extract from
a speech of Thaddeus Stevens in the
House of representatives, February 5,
' Before the banks had paid much of
the Isst loan they broke do-n under it,
and suspended specie payments. They
vj nave continues -o pa iai nut iii
C'JIU, UUL 1:'- Lit UlciiiU U'JLtra Ui we u v -
In another s' ?ech February 20, 1862,
Mr. Stevens said:
"The banks took $50,000,000 of 6 per
cent bonds, and shaved the government
$58,000,000 on them. They paid for the
$50,000,000 in demand notes, not specie."
Query: If the demand notes were
not good money for the banks were they
good money for the banks to loan to
the government at this trying period
of its existence?
Was it a mistake to issue treasury
notes to meet the vast expenditures of
ihe government under such circum
stances? There was a mistake, cr
something worse than a mistake com
mitted, but it was not of the character
indicated by Mr. Carlisle. The government-should
have issued United States
currency in sufficient amount to meet
all the requirements of that trying
period. This currency, instead of being
a premise to pay, should have been re
deemable only in receipt for taxes and
public dues. It should have been a
full legal tender for all debts both pub
lic and private, and no provision should
have been made for its conversion into
interest-bearing bone's. Such a cur
rency would have been gladly received
by the people for food, clothing and
munitions of war, and by the army and
navy for military and navaL service.
It would have saved thousands of mil
lions of dollars that have been plun
dered frcm the people by the associated
banks under the system of brigandage
that was provided for instead, and to
day we should be free from public debt
and from thralldbm to Wall street
pirates. Tcpeka Advocate.
THE PASSING SHOW.
snap Shots fit i
Of course the recent elections
attracted more attention than
thing else in the grand circus parade
we arc engaged in watching. The
Populists were not particularly con
cerned as to which old party won
since one is as bad as the other,
and worse. We are interested in edu
cating the people upon certain prin
ciples, but what the boys out of school
do we are not responsible for. Let
the play go on as it will. The Popu
lists are busy educating and organiz
ing for the coming revolution at the
ballot-box in 1898.
"Government by injunction" is be
ing improved upon. The Great North
ern railroad, which is raising a private
army of thug3 and ex-policemen to
make war on its employes, ordered the
court to Issue an injunction, whieh
was of course immediately Issued
but the peculiar urgency of the case
5 . -
caused this injunction to be hastily
telegi aphed to the deputies by the rail
road company for execution. "Injunc
tions to order, by telegraph' is the lat
est form of judicial tyranny.
Here you are. An Associate Press
dispatch just after election say3:
"Since it has been demonstrated
that the Democratic party is so badly
divided everywhere, especially on the
currency question in the south. Dem
ocratic leaders in Alabama, where- the
State campaign, which will culminate
in the State election next August, ia
on the eve Df opening, arc seriously
considering j the advisability of step
ping all discussion inside the party of
currency arid turning theirT attention
to reuniting the Democratic party for
the coming contest."
This dispatch was from Alabama,
and referred to a conference held be
tween Senators Morgan and Pugh and
other prominent silver Democrats of
the south Who have been making a
vigorous carhpaign for free silver. But
like many other pretended silver men
in -the PTty they regard principle as
a 8ubordinito matter.
Democratic silver men ' must either
pull down their signs or get out of the
party. The wholesale defeat of the
Democratic party, renders all talk of
reform "inside the party" useless.
Even if the party were not
divided against itself there would
be no hope of its carrying
out any measure at all. The
people have lest all confidence In Its
proissions ana would not give it an
other chance though it declared by all
the ang -.s in heaven that it stood
solidly in favor of free silver and all
other great ;national reform, principles.
Tho gold-bugs of the east prefer the
Republican party, and the true silver
men are thoroughly disgusted with
Democracy. The Democratic party
has been driven from the field in con
fusion. Neither gold-bugs nor silver
men can endorse its vacillating, uncer
tain, cowardly policy. East, west, north
and south the Democratic party is a
wreck. One kind of a Democrat can
not be distinguished from another in
the general: mass of obliteration. The
very name Democrat has become a dis
grace in the eyes of the people. Come
out from among them, if you wish to
stand up for principle. Do not call
yourself a Democrat any longer, unless
.you wish to take chances of being
buried alive in the same grave wkh
The prostitute press dispatches and
machine editorial writers made a great
riolse about the "Farmers' Congress" at
Atlanta, declaring against silver. While
it v. ould not have been surorisinsr for
the ''farmers by appointment'' who j
composed that congress to have taken '
such action the fact of the matter is
that they did not make any such decla-
ration as was announced by the tele- j
graphic news liars' association. The
following reso'ution was adopted: j
"Resolved, That we favor the free and j
unlimited coinage of both silver and j
gold at aa agreed ratio guarded by an
import duty upon foreign bullion and
foreign coin equal to the difference be
tween the bullion value and the coinage
value of the nietal at the date of im
portation, whenever the bullion value
of the metal is less-than its coin value."
It is true that this resolution is almost
absolutely meaningless but it is not a
declaration In favor of a single gold
standard any more than it is a declara
tion in favor of anything els.
The misunderstanding between
Chairman Taubeneck and Col. Norton,
appears now to be satisfactorily settled,
as far as they are concerned. In a let
ter to Col. Niorton, Mr. Taubeneck says:
"Many good people have been misled
in not knowing that you had severed
your connection with the 'Weekly
Sentinel.' it is due to the public as
well as to you and myself that I make
"I desire for all to know that I here
by retract every unkind, uncompliment
ary word uied against you in this dis
cussion anil also apologize for the
language used and exonorate you from
any unfair or any unmanly dealing.
"Hoping thaL this explanation will,
as much as possible, undo the in
justice done you, I remain as ever,"
The discussion in which they were
originally engaged will probably be
continued without personalities.
GE0VEE A 'HYPOCRITE
PUBXICLY ADVERTISES HIS HY
POCRISY AT ATLANTA.
Not One PnbHc Act of the President
Has Beea Conspicuous As Tnilng
Toward Pro. not ing the General V el
, fare Wholly a Servant of Monopoly.
President Cleveland said in his
speech at Atlanta. Ga.:
"We shall walk in the path of pa
triotic duty if, remembering thalNoiir
free institutions were established to
promote the general welfare, we strive
for those things which benefit all our
people and each of us is content to re
ceive from a common fund his share of
the prosperity thus contributed. We
shall miss cur duty and forfeit cur heri
tage if, in narrow selfishness, we are
heedless of the general welfare and
struggle to wrest from the government
private advantages which- can only be
gained at the expense of our fellow
The sentiment contained In the above
is good, very good, but Mr. Cleveland
has acted out the very opposite. What
act of Mr. Cleveland since h!s inaugura
tion has tended to "promote the general
Does the establishment cf the gold
standard promote the "general wel
fare?" If so. robbing the masses and
fattening the classes is Mr. Cleveland's
idea of serving the ' general welfare."
Did the negotiations with a foreign
bank syndicate to furnish gold to main
tain a useless gold reserve at a profit to
the syndicate of not less than $30,000,000
thereby in addition piling a gold prin
cipal and interest debt on future gen
erations, "promote the general welfare,"
or was it "wresting from the govern
ment private advantages?"
Wa3 the act of ordring.out the fed
eral army to shoot down laboring men
in the Chicago railroad strike inspired
by a desire to "promote the general
welfare" or the welfare of the railroad
Not one public act of the present ex
ecutive has been conspicuous as tend
ing toward promoting the general wel
fare, but rather to promoting the wel
fare of trusts and combines, the banks
and money combinations.
The success ol combinations of capi
tal must come from the depression of
the welfare of the people. When com
binations cf capital tre profitable that
profit must come from the ruin cf some
other interest. .Ccmbinefi.live from rob
bing th general welfare, tend Without
robbery they could not exist a day.
Mr. Cleveland's course has been wholly
devoted to promoting the welfare of the
combinations of capital, which neces
sarily results to the detriment of the
public welfare. It could not possibly be
After the record Mr. Cleveland has
made by his every public act, favoring
special welfares instead of the public
welfare, it is not only cheeky, but an
insult to an intelligent people for him to
hypocritically proclaim his devotion to
the public welfare.
The people judge a man by his acts
rather than by his words. If Mr. Cleve
land had followed In the footsteps of the
immortal Jackson and seized the money
monster by the neck and choked the
life out of it, he then could consistently
call upon the people to sanction his ad
vocacy and practice of upholding the
public welfare. He has done the re
verse. He has rather choked the life
out of the public, laid waste the heritage
of the common people and aided plu
tocracy to enter into the homes of the
masses of wealth producers and confis
cate them to their use and profit. Then
to talk about "striving to do these
things which benefit all our people!"
Bosh! A man who will thus publicly
advertise his hypocrisy should have
been hissed from the stand, even though
he may. by some ill-fate to the people,
hold the office cf chief executive. The
things that arc Caesar's should be ren
dered unto Caesar, but the things that
belong to the people they should de
mand and enjoy. If Caesar is not con
tent with the things that are his, but
ceeks to rob, oppress and enslave the
people, then the sooner such a Caesar
encounters a Brutus, the sooner the
people will enjoy their inalienable
right3. Southern Mercury.
It is well that Fresldent Cleveland
issued' his Thanksgiving proclama
tion before the el'ection returns were in
else he might not have been in a fit
ting frame of mind to have rendered
thanks to the "Giver of every good and
perfect gift for the bounteous returns
that have rewarded our labors in the
fields." He asks the people to remem
ber the poor and needy, "and by deeds
of charity let us show the sincerity
of our gratitude." Rank hyprotlsy
! the whole proclamation. It is true that
! God has bounteously bestowed His
! good gifts upon the American people
; and for that we are thankful. But the
; people who deserved them have not re
j ceived the gifts and Grover Cleveland
I is one of the conspirators who has pre
! vented God's plans being carried out.
: Why should he blaspheme God and ia
! suit the American people by assuming
j gratitude to the one and fatherly care
I over the other. The issuing of a
I Thanksgiving proclamation is a mere
i form and some clerk no doubt com
1 posed Mr. Cleveland's epistle after the
i customary and regular form pre
I scribed in the book of traditionary etl
j quette for the guidance of presidents
i but the whole thing is a sham, a pre
tense, an empty formality. Real grati
tude to God needs no sealing-wax and
official signatures. ,
Say, you fellows that voted for ithe
democratic office-seekers and prosper-
j ity, don't you want to give your party
another chance? Come, now; don't be
bashful, don't you want some more
prosperity the same brand we have
I been having for two years?
OCCURRENCES WORTH MOHNU
FROM ALL OVER THE STATE.
The State Board of Jienlture has
decided4hat the holding otfaraery
institutAshall begin in January :-.d
ccntitturajing that month and XSb
r uary, so as t Jigach the f Mini i at
time when they are .not bnsjfioa . fyr i
farms. Just as manyfcitnttes aspos
be will be held witlrrfr .the two
months. It is ordered tH a taw
Handbook of the State shall issued;
far more complete than any.lkrevioas -
V Ti 111 Wk
one. ai win do prepared liypmmis-
sioner Patterson, T. K. Brunerhn,! H,
B. Battle. A special vote"
was tendered the Seaboard Air Life for
for its co-operation with the boaM in
furnishing free transportation
persons who hold . farmers' institt
and also for its hearty ey-operat
with tho board in the father ance of
immigration work. The wortt.
Commissioner Patterson in holding in
stitutes was heartily applauded.
Death In a Well in Alamtrace
News Las been received of the killing
of Mr. Will P. Summers, a hard-working
farmer, in the northwestern part
of Alamance county, Wednesday after
noon, by a well's caving in on hiqj A
large chunk of rock c ud earth fell on
him at a depth of about feet, ter
ribly mangling his bod v. After being
rescued he came to consciousness, but
lived only a few minutes. He leaves
wife and eight children, the youngest
Southern Railway ipdicted.
The Southern Railway Company
was defendant in Justice Dealer's
court, at AtiheviUe Wednesday, charged
with running freight trains on Sunday,
and was bound over to court in a bond
of $1,000. Several employees of the
company, charged with working on
Sunday, filed a demurrer which j was
overruled and the defendants appealed.
Cleveland in North Carolina.
President Cleveland left Washington
Thursday night on the Hght-houso ten
der, Maple, to recuperate from the
strain he his been under in the prepar
ation of his message to' Congress and
on a hunting trip through tho North
Carolina sounds. With him were Dr.
O'Reilly,- Commander GecrgQ
Wilde, naval secretary of the 4ight
house board aud comander Benjamin
P. Lamberton, in charge of the light
house district comprising the sounds.
School Superintendents to Meet.
The North Carolina School Superin
tendent's Association wilj-meet in Ral
eigh, Thursday evening, December 26,
1895. Superintendent C. "W. Toms, of
Durham, is President of tho Associat
ion! There aro eighteen graded
school superintendents in North Caro
lina and the attendance at the an -proaching
meeting promises to be
bvger than usual. The program will
be an interesting one.
STATE NKWS DOTS.
A bank at Washington, N. 0., de
posited $5,000 in gold in the U. 8.
Treasury oa Thursday.
The City Board of Tax Equalization
of Rah igh reports an increased valua
tion of SG2.000.
Dr. R. L. Payne, of Lexington, will
move to Norfolk, Va., to accept a posi
tion with a fine salary attached.
The SHn says sufficient water pro
tection is now a question in Durham.
It favors municipal ownership of water
Mayor FiBhblate, of Wilmington, has
resigned,-and the board of aldermen
has elected Alderman Harris -his suc
In a nail keg in the store of William
Alderman, of Harrison's Creek, Pes
der county, was found, a few days art,
8190 in gold and 310 in silyjer. t ' -
The Governororders a special tctm
oi Perr-onSuperior Court for the trial
of civ;l cases to begin July 6th, Judge
Starbuck to preside. i
The Tyson k Jones Buggy Company,"
of Carthage, were awarded the first
medal at the Atlanta Exposition last
week for the best all-round exhibit of
George Costello, whose roal name
was George Loughlin, and who was a
noted trapeze performer in Sell's cir
cus, and who was killed by a fall from
a train in Georgia, was a resident of
Henderson, and was very popular. He
was to have been ninrried soon to the
of the circus, of New
State Treasurer Worth has notified
the legislative joint committee to nUeet
December loth, to inspect the ooks,
vouchers, etc., in hi office and in that
of the State Auditor. The committee
is composed of Senators W, H. Farth
ing and C. W. Mitchell, aDd Piepre
sentatived A. F. Hileman, W. B. Ellis
and D. B. Julian.
Governor Carr offers $200 reward for
the apprehension of Sam Newland, of
Lenoir, Caldwell county, for the mur
der of Frank Steelm n. He shot the
latter dead, although Steelman on his
knees prayed for mercy. New land's
friends say Steelmau had made threats
that he would kill him and several
Robert Watkins, a married man 27
years old, was found frozen to death in
his wagon near Hay Meadow, Wilkes
county, Tuesday morning. He had
been over the mountains with a load of
produce. When found he was sitting
in the wagon, his feet on the double
tree and his head leaning, against the
side of the wagon.
v- - ' - '