Pi the : latilroa tStttcttmaiL a;
l : "Equal and Exact, Justice to Al."! .
. y-i . ! : 3 ' 1
' , ; :
TOLXLIII. NO. 4.
SALISBURY, N. C., TTIURSDAAFRIL 9. 18.
IINGBEE A POPULIST.
STANDS PAT ON EVERY ART I-
15LE OF OUR FAITH.
tpaMleIM and PopbIUU and Fr-8ll-
,w ver Democrat Will Xarae Him tow
Goitrnor of Mlchln May to Heard
From July 22.
Miss Mary B. Miller, a student of the
Englewood (Chicago) high school, has
nominated Mayor Pingree, of Detroit,
for president. The nomination was
made the other day at a meeting of the
literary club connected with the school.
Her name was cn the program for a
speech on Mayor Pingree and his re
forms. The speech' will Interest re
formers generally., because Mayor Pin
tree's views are given on the three
reat 4juestfons of the day Finance,
Asportation. Land. Here It is: ,
w ''Men are best known by the ideas
which they represent. i
"When we think of Washington, we
are reminded of the hero in war and in
" peace, who kre ro faltering in the
darkest hours of the republic, and whn
served his country for eight years with
out money compensation.
"When we think of Jefferson we
think of his memorable words: 'That
which will promote the Interest of the
Individual In the most permanent and
beneficial form, Is the promotion of the
general good, Increasing the opportun
ities of mankind, and enlarging the
scope of civilization.
' "When we think of Monroe, we con
found his name with that great doctrine
of International law now fully recog
fchted throughout the world!
i When We think of .Jackson, we are
reminded of his brave resistance to the
money power, which souRht to fasten
upon this country a duplicate of the
Bank of England.
When we think of Lincoln we are re
minded of his fidelity to the cause of
-human rights, as represented In the
abolition of slavery.
"When we think of Wendel Phillips
we see the figure of an aristocrat stoop
ing to embrace the cause of the enslaved
negro, unawed by the scoffs and Jeers of
i "All those men were made for the oc
casion: By the oppression of George
III. Washington was made; in Abe at
tempt to centralize the government,
Jefferson; from the oppression of the
Central and South American republics.
Monroe; the attempt to renew the char
ter thje United States bank, Jackson;
and the cause of slavery made Lincoln
and Phillips M
1 "In thfc latter we have a type living
among us to-day, made by the selfish
greed of jcorporate wealth, which seeks
to turn ill things to its own Interests,
regardless of the suffrages of the people.
Hazen Si Pingree is an abolitionist In
another Sense. He believes in the abol
ition of Corporate wealth, as presented
In financial monopolies, transportation
monopolies and land monopolies,
i "Let us examine his position on these
question, for it is fitting that we, the
future heirs to this republic and its In
stitution t, should study out the science
I "What Is financial monopoly? Why
does Mayor Pingree seek to abolish it?
, Is It best for the United States that
these forms of monopoly be abolished?
"We find financial monopoly repre
sented in the national banking system
of the country, which delegates to a
few persons almost the entire control
of the finances, with power to contract
or expand the currency at will, to cau?c
panics, create distrust, strikes and
bloodshed. ! Now, Mayor Pingree .be?
Ueves that the right to Issue money
should b4 solely delegated to the peo
pie, through the treasury, with a gov
ernment banking system in which there
would be bo selfish interests for private
"With this idea worked out, it is quite
plain that there would be no more pan
ics, for the people having confidence in
the government would not rush to the
government banks to withdraw their
money from circulation, as was done in
the panic of 1S93. This panic was
brought about by the greed of the bank
ers of Wsjll atreet. New York, and the
bankers of Lombard street, London,,
who sought to break down the rising
sentiment in favor of the remonetlza
tion of silver, which was unwittingly
demonetized by act of congress In 1873.
"Let us (look a little further into this
panic of '93. The democratic party had
Just been ! returned to power on what
was popularly supposed to be a free sil
ver platform, by an overwhelming ma
jority of both houses of congress. This
platform promised to remonettze sliver
with free and unlimited coinage at the
ratio of 16 to 1. But there was an obsta
cle In the way. The president saw fit
to put a different construction to the
platf or m.
"There was a prospect, however, that
congress would pass a free coinage bill
9ver his veto. To offset this It was de-
elded by the Wall street bankers and
their friends lhtLondon to give a great
'object lesson' in the panic that fol
lowed. This was first noticed when
banks began to call in their loans, and
to refuse accommodations on the very
"As answer for their offense against
Industry and commerce, they gave out,
through their public press, that the
panic resulted from fear of the remone
t!zation off silver, and that when there
was no farther danger of remonetlza
lion, prosperity would return. A free
coinage bill was not passed and what is
mere the Sherman act was repealed and
prosperity lis still far away.
t "But th crowning- act and the one
showing the relation between the Wall
street bankers and their London part
ners, was at once laid bare, when Eng
land arbitrarily closed the mints of
India to the free coinage of silver.
In consequence of this silver at once
shrunk 20 cents on the dollar, creating
a breach In the intrinsic value of the
dollars, as represented In gold and
"Now a large portion of the people of
this country in '93, frightened Into sub
mission to the program of the banking
monopolies, began to clamor against
any attempt at remonetizatlon, and by
urging their representatives in con
gress, not only succeeded In preventing
remonetization, but forced the repeal
of all laws favorable to silver as a
standard of value. Thus one-half the
standard money was given a final blow,
all of our sliver money becoming mere
ly token, or like a paper currency re
deemable In gold. It Is natural that
when redemption -money Is reduced by
one-half, the half remaining will in
crease in purchasing power. Prices at
once began to fall. It was soon found
out that money would purchase nearly
twice as much product as before. For
instance, wheat fell from 90 cents a
bushel to 40 cents To the owners of
money this meant prosperity, to the
owners of products and all those who
have something to sell, including their
labor. It simply meant ruin.
"There were, or there are, some rich
men, strong enough and patrlotio
enough, to resist this form of Infamy,
even at the cost of their own fortunes.
Chief among these is the subject of
this address. Mayor Pingree is a
wealthy manufacturer as well as mayor
of Detroit On expresing his opinion,
he immediately became the object of
ridicule at the hands of a large por
tion of the prominent newspapers of the
country. But ridicule is not argument,
facts can never be answered by abuse;
in this day the people seek the truth,
not abuse. They behold In such men
as Mayor Pingree, a possible savior for
the cause of humanity, and of the re
public. "Now let us look at Mayor Pingree's
views on transportation monopolies. He
believes In government, state and mu
nicipal ownership, In all quasi public
monopolies. For instance, if the gov
ernment runs 'he postofflca department
successfully, why should it not run
the entire railroad system or telegraph
system? If municipalities run the
water system successfully, why not ex
tend our ownership to gas or street
railways? Such a condition of affairs
would have two good results, the aboli tion
of vast, private fortunes and in a
more equitable distribution of wealth.
For instance, instead . of paying ex
orbitant rates to private persons or
corporations, the people "would he prac
tically paying their own money into
their own pockets, as it were. It is
plain that government and municipal
ownership of public monopolies would
be a benefit to mankind. The subject
admits of very little, if any, adverse
"Now let us look at Mr. Pingree's
views of land monopolies. First, we
must find out what land monopoly is.
I will give a simple illustration: On
the corner of Garfield and Michigan
boulevards there is a vacant lot valued
at twenty thousand dollars; its owner
holds it at that price. What gives the
property that value? Improvements?
No; it stands to-day in the same con
dition as In the infancy of Chicago,
ov when the Indians roamed the plains
of Illinois. It is plain that the improve
ments made around it, such as the two
boulevards, built at public expense,
and houses adjoining, give it its value,
and this value will continue to increase
indefinitely as a result of improvements
made around it, but not upon it The
Owner is what might be called a dead
head in commercial life, that is he takes
advantage of natural conditions and
the. industry of his neighbors. Such
a rn la an enemy to society , for with
out producing anything useful, be
grows wealthy out of the industry of
others. Wealth thus accumulated may
be called legitimate by some, but never
theless. It is not God gave the land
to the people to improve and to beau
tify, and not to hold in idleness.
"To abolish land monopoly It would
only be necessary to pass a law Increas
ing the taxes on vacant or idle prop
erty taking it entirely off improved
TO FIND THE COLORED QSNTLBMAN IN THE
CATHODE RAYS ON IT. From
property, that is reversing the condi
lions under which we now live. By an
error which we inherit from monarchiai
England, we tax people for improving
their property, instead of taxing them
for nbt doing so. For instance, I have
a lot worth five hundred dollars and my
tax is two dollars a y ar, I put up a
house for eight thousand dollars, the
tax gatherer Immediately assesses me
for my enterprise. The next year in
stead of paying two dollars taxes. I pay
from fifty to seventy dollars; that is
what I get for making improvements.
"Put all the tax on the vacant prop
erty and very soon you will see no
more vacant expanses of prairie in
the center of Chicago, or held for Ille
gitimate speculative purposes. Owners
of such property would be anxious to
sell so as to get rid of the taxes, and
the property would be so cheap as to be
within the reach of all the people. All
of us could then have homes.
"In Detroit Mayor Pingree, as the
chief executive of the city took oc
casion to advocate tax reform In this
direction, and to accomplish his purpose
be has found that it will be necessary
to change the constitution of the state
of Michigan, and it is not improbable
that a legislature favorable to his views
will be elected in November next
"In the meantime, all the vacant
property of Detroit is being made use
of by the poor for the purpose of rais
ing vegetables, hence we have the
vulgar newspaper appellation "Potato
Pingree." The experiment has proved
'so entirely successful that it has been
taken up in other cities throughout the
"But the people should not lose sight
of the fact that the abolition of land
monopoly is one of three great prob
lems to be solved by the will of the
American people at the ballot-box.
"As an Indication of the fact that
Mayor Pingree's views are popular with
the common people, we need only look
at his several indorsements at the polls.
Jn 1889 he was chosen mayor by a ma
jority of over two thousand; In 1891 by
a majority of five thousand; in 1893 by
a majority of eight thousand, and In
1S95 by a majority of ten thousand.
At a convention soon to be held In
Michigan, he will be nominated for
governor of that state. It may happen,
however, that he will not remain a
candidate for that office, for even now
we hear the voice of the people of this
nation calling him to a higher destiny
and I for one would nominate for presi
dent of the United States, Hazen S.
Pingree, the abolitionist of 1896.
DEBS AT ST. LOUIS.
I arfjett Hall In the City Packed to
"Take heart.' said Mr. Debs, "the
midnight watch is over.
"Defy public opinion and take your
stand with men like Jackson. The
world, as yet, is neither just nor gen
erous. Still there is room for hope In
this line. Free government can dem
onstrate Itself. The forebodings and
advance objections of Macaulay count
for nothing as against honest attempts
to establish justice among men.
"Organized labor is not understood.
It Is not the produce of a clime or sea
son, but Is born of oppression. While,
of course, there are honest and even
generous employers, they ever find
themselves short of a quorum. They
stand simply as honorable excentions
.to an otherwise monotonous arrav of
r forces adverse to the welfare of the
wage worker. The ever-widening
range of machinery is constantly ren
dering more difficult the aoolication of
arbitration in the settlement of disputes
arising from its use.
"Machinery Is everywhere and is
everything: man has become a mere
attachment. For instance, men in Kal-!
amazoo, Mich., operate machinery for1
five cents an hour. This service brings
a reward of fifty cents a day 93 a
week. Such pay for Intelligent effort
is so palpably inadequate that strikes
follow sotmer or later. They do not
come by chance or by choice.
"Frances E. Willard. that sterling-
exponent of an enlightened citizenship,!
says that to-day millions are kept In 1
enforced idleness; they can get no
work. They strive for this work as if
it were bread itself. Happily, econom- i
ics is obtaining a hearing; it is on the;
lips of many; It Is a hopeful sign. Re
lifo must come. Victor Hugo has apt-!
ly said the labor question is the ques-!
tion of mankind. A crucial change Is
impending. Good men are saying again;
'Prepare ye the way.'
"Abraham Lincoln placed man before
the dollar, but industrial conditions
have reversed the enumeration, and
man's social standing is now weighed
out to him Just as any other purchas
Referring to the motel town'of Pull
man, 111., as a condRsatlon of Indus
trial infamy, Mr. Debs told again some
harsh-eounding truths. With a surplus
of $25,000,000, this company charged
rentals (and per force collected them)
ranging from 25 to 50 per cent above
the rate paid by others than Pullman
slaves In the Immediate vicinity. The
exactions wrung from this unwilling
tenantry were fully exposed. On every
step from the cradle to the funeral
casket Pullman levied toll.
Bitter was the arraignment of the
Manager's association, so-called, which
precipitated the strike that has been
generally charged up to the American
Railway Union. Twenty-six lines of
railway allied themselves to wreck this
trade union and blacklist its members.
This damnable blacklist is enforced to
day so far as it is possible to do so.
"Courts are used by one side only,
and injunctions are for the rich alone.
During the Pullman strike,' up to July
2, no trouble had occurred. But trouble
was necessary. So 4,200 thieves were
sworn in as deputy marshals in Chi
cago, and trouble began that day.
Property was destroyed. Chief of Po
lice Brennan has testified that the
deputy United States marshals were
the real thieves. I sought the advice of
tho best legal advisers of the country
with regard to the injunction served
upon me. 1 followed the advice and
served six months for doing so."
Jndge Jenkins and his malodorous
Injunction were not spared. A railroad
is wrecked; then a receiver Is ap
pointed. The receiver, an officer of the
court, orders a 10 per cent reduction In
wages; the Judge issues an injunction
against a strike. A committee of con
gress investigates, but Just as the cor
ruption is tapped the appropriation sud
denly gives out and so does the bot
tom of the Investigation.
"When I was In Jail"
But Mr. Debs was not permitted to fin
ish this sentence without the interrup
tion of the heartiest of laughter. There
was something about the manner of
saying it which was irresistible. Yet
this preliminary introduced a pathetic
story concerning a cell mate who, for
the theft of an old cloak valued at $2,
was sentenced In three minutes.
The speaker referred feelingly to his
experience at Woodstock prison as put
ting him in touch with the unfortu
nate. Suffering seems necessary to
fully appreciate the unhappinesa which
attends1 the unemployed. Competition
is a curse unspeakable. Competition is
cannibalism. Co-operation can save
the workers. It deserves faithful trial.
"Think,, even though you think by
proxy. Think upward; you must
think. Books will win for you. Read
after your work; read to wife and child.
There is no excuse for ignorance.
Shakespeare says there is no slavery
but ignorance. Total ignorance is total
helplessness. Have a library. If it con
sists of but one book.
"Associated effort only- can bring
emancipation. Selfishness commits
suicide always. Labor must be united
and Just, and above tho low motives
so often marring it. Labor's parasites
must be. lopped off. Away with lead
ers! Debs Is no Reader; he does not
wish to be. No one must follow; think
The republicans gave us John Sher
man, and the democrats gave us Orovsr.
Cleveland two brieks of the same
THE ONSLAUGHT AGAINST SIN
GLE STANDARD CONTINUES.
An Enlightened rress Speaks Out for
j the People's Money.
Secretary Morton to Farmers.
Secretary Morton has written to the
Mannfacturers's Record a description
of Biltmore, George W. Vanderbilt's
place in Western North Carolina.
Naturally the secretary is enthusiastic
in his ladmiration of this magnificent
estate, and he seems to look forward
mth pleasure to the day when every
farmer! in the country will own one
just like it,
! Of course Secretary Morton draws
a lesson from Biltmore in favor of th j
gbld standard. If he had not intend
ed to draw such a lesson he would not
have fooled with Biltmore. What tar
heel can fail to bow with, shame before
the following reproof :
The millions of dollars which Mr. Vanderbilt
has expended, have, each ami every oue of
them, been up to the gold standard in purchas
ing power. "!;. North Carolina, however,
although the oldest Bold-producing sec; i n of
the United States, and "notwithstanding the
fadt that) largu investments tot re-entry's' ng
the gold product of the commonweal' h are now
being made, and notwithstanding tbe fur;he
fact that North Carolina i not a silver-producing
etate contains a population very thorough
ly Saturated with the fallacy of the free coinage
of 8iiver at 16 to 1.
jit is claimed by some that Secretary
Morton has not enough brains to jus
tify hii admission to a lunatic asylum.
It is a vile slander. He has, and we
dd not jbelieve that they are sincere
who claiim that he has not. Secretary
Morton has as solid a bead as was ever
sepn on the shoulders of anything but
a Statue. Ela. Times-Union.
Missouri is for Free Coinage.
Colonel Joe Rickley, of St. Louis, a
prominent democratic leader of Mis
souri says that his state is for free
coinage and will send a Folid white
metal delegation to the ChTcr.go con
vention, "The democratic party,"
said he, "couldn't lose next November
if it asserted its independence of the
gopdbugs and earn e cut as it should
for tbe jfree coinage of both metals,
independent of the action of other na
tions. There are some gold men in
Missouri, but they won't bo heard of
in tho national convention, became
the plak of allowing representation
by congressional districts will not be
allowed. The state convention will
attend to that and only friends of sil
ver willi be chosen to go to Chicago.
This is jn accord with the action of
gold states like Pennsylvania which
will not allow the f ilver minority any
representation in the delegations.
"Missouri ha.a, moreover, the host
man in the United States to lead the
party ih the person of Richard P.
Blind. ; If Bland is nominated he will
get the votes not only of his own party,
but of tbe populist and .silver men. He
is the natural and logical candidate.
His record is without a fla -- ,No mat
teij if tHe eastern and middle states go
against him, there are enough electoral
votes in the Bouth and we6t to put him
in?the white house."
"But what if tho eastern democrats
object to his nomination, colonel?"
"Let 'em bolt and be . Even if
-under Bland's leadership the party
failed to win, it would preserve its or
is gahizatipn and be in good fighting
! trim for 19u0 ; in the other case it will
: periBh fiom the earth. Let the gold
bugs prevail at Chicago and all that
i will be left of tbe grand old party of
; Jeffersoi and Jackson will be a rhemo
ryi In ithe pending contest it would
be, a pool third in the race, and after
j November there would be few left that
j Would acknowledge they had ever be
i lodged to the party."
jVletvs of Financiers.
(From Atlanta Cons' ituti n.)
Interest in bimetallism genuine bi
metallism is not confined to the
South and west, but ha renched New
York city. The metropolitan pre is
almost entirely devoted to the cbemes
Sof the money power, hut occasionally
jweflnda newspaper ibt-ro wiiliDg to
print and citpulate the tiutb. Rtcont
ly there have beeu uamistikable man
ifestations that ihe render of some of
these newspuj rs are hiai;ding fair
play and honest diKUSMon so faros
tho money question is concerned,
j The Itiuancial News, a tlai ly paper
devoted to finance and th- market,
reproduced from Tne CieVilam1, O.,
Plain Dealer the rpjrt of an inter
view which a business man of Cleve
land had! with the Right Hon. Will am
iLidderdale, ex governor of the Batik
of Englabd, ou the q i 6. ion of reopen
jing tbe mints to silver. Along with
the report of the interview is printed
tbe text of tome remarks made at the
'Mansion ; house by Mr. Evelyn Hub
jbard, an associate director of the Bank
of England, iwho, from being a pro
nonnced I advocate of ge ld monomet
jallism, has recently become an ardent
supporter of the cause of bi metal li.m.
I Moreover, The New York Commer
jcial Advertiser, a leading adv e ite of
tbe gold standard) printed a lug let
ter froml Geprge Alfred Towtsend,
! clvii g the dtiails of an interview with
Jay Cooke, the veteran Philadelphia
banker, j ene of the most distinguished
financiers of this country. These
things show that the question of re
ttoring ijver is pressing to tbe front
I 0ven in New Tors, the stronghold of
the money power. .
Neither Mr. Jjidderaaie nor .ur.nuu
bard tak any stock in the argument
pf the gold dontractionists that legis
lation will not affect the ratio between
he metals. "What is lost ty legisia-
' I A I I iU.n Via VO.
UOPt ssja Me iutiuei, v -
stored by legislation." Mr. Hubbard
used to believe that even were a ratio
fixed by law between silver and gold,
the market price must inevitably vary
from the legal ratio in accordance with
the increase or the decrease in the pro
dnetion of either metal. "I discover
ed," he says, "that this is not a mat
ter of argument, but of history ; that
the record of the years 1849 52 has
iuruit-hed the most conclusive demon
stration of the power of the ratio to
keep the price steady even in the face
of the most violent fluctuation in sup-
Mr. Lidderdale says that if the peo
ple of the United States saw fit and
had the courage of their convictions
they could, by opening their mints to
the white metal, force the restoration
of silver in Europe, which would be
the only method by which Europe
could keep the trade of India, China,
Japan, Mexico and South America.
The Shadow of the Gold Standard.
The reports of the commercial
agencies do not show a very healthy
condition of affairs in the United
States nnder the single gold standard.
They show, indeed, that all lines of
business are suffering from the con
stantly increasing value of money, or,
what is the same thing, the constant
decline in prices.
Only a few days ago we called the
attention of the cuckoo and gold stand
ard organs in this section to the fact that
the depression in trade and business,
instead of showing signs of disappear
ing, was in reality growing deeper
and darker all the while. And now
comes the commercial agencies more
than verifying the statements made in
We are under the shadow of the
single gold standard, and neither busi
ness and trade nor the industrial con
ditions oan grow any brighter or better
so long as the contraction of the cur
rency is going on bo long as tho sin
gle gold standard continues to measure
the products of labor. There can be
ho substantial improvement in any
line so long as prices continue to fall
and this fall must continue until
prices reach the low European level if
wo are to link our monetary system
with the system prevailing in tbe Shy-lock-ridden
countries of the old world.
Consequently our business men and
the mercantile community generally
must not be surpristd to find the re
ports of tho commercial agencies grow
ing gloomier and gloomier week by
week. Against the depressing influ
ence of the single gold standard neither
municipal nor individual enterprise
can prevail. The eause that paralyzes
industry is bound to paralyze business.
There is no help for it, and no relief
to be found except by returning to the
monetary system that provided a bi
metallic currency for the people.
Tho reports of the commercial agen
cies show some very bad features of
the situation. Mills are closing down
for lack of orders, other industries are
running half time. Cotton manufac
turers are seeking loans to enable them
to carry their accumulated stocks. The
failures last week were larger and more
important than they were the same
Week a year ago, and the aggregate of
defaulted liabilities is more than $1,
000,000 greater for three weeks in
March than they were for the same
period last year. With this oomes
news of the reduction of wages in one
of the oldest and most conservatively
managed mills in the south the Eagle
and Phenix, of Columbus together
with hints of a strike. The operatives
know they are about to be hurt and
they imagine it is the mill managers
who are doing the hurting.
We should say they were short
sighted if it were not true that thous
ands of men who ought to know bet
ter are proving every day that they
are just as short-sighted in their v, ay
as the mill operatives in theirs. For
still we see manufacturers, business
men and merchants lending pleased
ears to the cry of "sotind" money, for
getting that in finance, as well as in
simple arithmetic, 2 from 4 have only
2. How can there be a demand for
goods when the people have no money
to buy? And how can the people who
are compelled to buy money with th
products of their labor have money to
exchange for their goods when they
can get only half as much for the com
modities they sell?
The operations of the single gold
standard will be thoroughly under
stood by everybody before the coun
try is rid of it. Atlanta Constitution.
Policy of the Interior Department
Laid Down by Assistant Sec
The policy of Ui Int-rior Department in
cases involving reimbursement to the gov
ernment for fraud or mistake of pension
claimants is laid down in several rulings of
the Assistant Secretary of the Interior Rey
nolds just promulgated. In these it is held
that th'-1 government cannot withhoM the
pension granted under the act of June 27,
1890, to reimhurse itself for moneys errone
ously paid as pension money under thd
general law when sneh pension was
not procured through fraud or mis
take, but was allowed u the result
of ' an erroneous judgment on tho
evidence. The decision r'vers-s the recent
action of the commissioner of pensions in the
case or Christian Mays, an Ohio volunteer.
In the case of James A. Tresper, who served
in the Twentv-fourth Kentu-ky tafantry, the
following ruling is made: In a isision claim
under the general law for the disease of the
left lung concealment by the claimant ol the
fact thai he had been shot through that lung
. -i n v.ia .lutfnfnt. whi'di wound caused
I ne iimg disease, amounts to actual fraud
on his part. It, tnereiore. warrants me
withholding of the pension granted him un
der the famous "June 27'' act in order to re
imburse the government for moneys paid
him as pension under the general law on ac
count of the lung dis'-ase.
"The love of money is the root of all
evil," quoted Mrs. Lamb. "No," re
plied Mr. I.a ml, who had been shorn
lately, "Wall street Is the route of all
evil." Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
TAR HEEL NOTES.
The Bl Fisheries at Edenton.
The fisheries at Edenton, in the
eastern part of the State, are a reve
lation to us who live inland. The
steam seins are huge affairs, the one at
this fishery being three miles long, the
rope included. The sein is carried
9ut into the sound, a mile and a half
from the shore, by two steamers. -Tho
jrrcat net is then drawn to shore by
iteam power, and the fish areT landed
in smaller nets. Sometimes as many
j as ninety thousand herring have been
caught in a single haul at this fishery.
J Shad and herring are the principal
catch. Mr. H. G. Woods is the owner
1 of this large fishery, and about fifty
nren are employed in the -enterprise.
lne people who live m the interior
have no idea of the immense fishing
interests of the State.
A Railroad Decision.
In the suit for forolosure in the
Cape Fear aud Yadkin Valley Railroad
case in the United State Court, the
Court decides that tbe road should be
preserved as an entirety and should be
Bold as such unless it appears imv
practicable to make such sale after
certain preliminary questions are con
sidered and passed on by the Court;
the main questions being the value of
the divisions aud branches and the dis
tribution of the proceeds of sale among
the respective holders of the different
olas&ea of bonds. The Court, there
fore, orders a reference to Special
Master . S. Martin, to take testimony
as to the values of the different divis
ions and branches and certain other
statistics, and to report the facts to the
Court for its conclusions thereon.
The Mills to the Cotton Fields.
North Carolina built more cotton
mills last year than were built in all
New England. Mills are abutting down
in New England beoause it is not pro
fitable . to run them, while they are
running on full time in all the South
ern States. This is as it should be.
The movement of "the mills to the
cotton fields," which began in earnest
less than twenty years ago, should see
its natural conclusion in less than
twenty years more. when it is probablo
that the whole ootton crop of the South
will be manufactured in tho South.
Presbyterians Can't Agree. .
Condord Presbytery is much dissat
isfied with the decision of the Meck
lenburg and Concord Presbyteries in
giving Charlotte the proposed female
college, so muoh so that it has re
fused to ratify the decision. A
movement is now on foot now to es
tablish the college any way by a joint
stock company. If Charlotte under
takes to enforce tbe above decision ol
the Presbyteries it will disrupt their
union, so strong is the feeling in the
Morton Will Get Some Delegates.
Thomas B. Keogh, who is making
a tour of North Carolina in the inter
est of Morton's candidacy for the pres
idency, says that Morton has consider
able strength in the State and will, get
some delegates to the convention. It
is stated by some leading Republicans
that it is now the field against McKin
lcy in North Carolina and that McKin
ley oan oarry only two districts. Mc
Kinley men insist thatHhey have six
Vance Monument Fund.
Mr. Polk Miller has ended his lec
ture tour, and it has netted the Vance
Monument Fund about 81,000. This
makes the fund on hand nearly $2,000.
It is said that at least $7,500 is needed.
If a biography of Zeb Vance should
not be written in this generation of
Y.,Hh Carolina some one will be to
blame, and we will not be the one. If
Judge George Brown and his father,
Mr. Sylvester Brown, of Washington,
N. C, would undertake the work it
would bo well done. They are both
men of literary taste and culture, both
knew Vance personally, and are both
bkilled, conscientious, prtient and
painstaKing writers. If properly can
vassed the sale of the book would
build the monument. Elizabeth City
Governor Carr Iias paid fifty dollars
reward to J. A. Bishop for the capture
of Nathan Jones, wanted in Hender
son county for assault with intent to
kill. Bishop certainly earned his re
ward; he followed Jones down into
South Carolina, then back into this
State, and at last caught him in Polk
county. Jones has been placed in the
Henderson county jail.
The strike of the carpenters at the
Asheville Wood-Working Company's'
(Vanderbilt's) shops ha been followed
by a svmpathetic strike on. the part of
the ca'rpenters on tbe Vanderbilt es
tate. Some of the strikers on the es
tate reported for work, but Mr. Mc
Namee" declined to allow them to re
turn to work.
In Mitchell oouuty, two men were
Kr.r Alive in a mica, mine by a
quantity of earth and stone caving in
. -. i whori heir bodies were re
Oil ILHTIXl. "
covered they were cold and stiff in
The Greeriville town council has de
cided to put in water-works.
The Indian Schools.
The Senate committee . on appropriations
aas repoited the Indian appropriation bill.
Ibe chief contention in the committee has
ccn ou tho.. Indian school appropriation.
rh! Honse went on thy theory that there
-hould be no appropriation for sectarian
schools, and yet" appropriated $33,000 for
the Lincoln school and 20,000 lor the school
it Hampton. Va., both of which, it was
farmed, are sectarian. Both of these appro
priations tbe Senate committee has struck
out. The general appropriation-for tbe In
dian schools, not setarlan. has been Increased
by upwards of ? WO non.
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