r - . ill i i I i ' : - : i - :a . - r i! l - - w
f vui vuim ClIVllllKUl,
i- " ' ? t -; , , ,
OUR COUNTRY, MAY SHE EVER BE RIGHT, BUT RIGHT Oil WRONG, OUR COUNTRY "
r ! 1 I 1 -i ,
H r i
SIXTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 3
mm SOLDIERS FELL
E C0VKlWKRsEE CREAT
the Baltleflfldti r
OettyKhnrg; nd Shiloh Will Look to
the Coding Genertiong-8oine of the
Characteristic Monument Erected.
f The Government has created three
elaborate National military parks on
the three trreateat. hoftifiii a.
i Chickamau Gettysburg
a?bhllah' Tt i8 tended that they
Hhall serve asi)ftntiftnntftwfl
, . , l "!-vm uujcvil ICBBUU8
of American courage and valor, and
eacn ot tbem'will be constructed on a
scale of magnificence not to be seen
elsewhere in the whole world.
V None of these parks will be merely
ornamental pleasure grounds: The
prime idea is to restore those historic
helds to substantially the condition
they werer iu at the times of the battles.
and m harmony with that idea, the
Prn to oe ereateU on their sites will
he deoteAstrictly to the illustration
Of the supreme Htruggles which ren
dered them famous for the benefit of
future generations rather than of sur
viving participants. In these parks
every incident of the battles will be
treated from the impartial standpoint
l history, without sectional animositv
or bias, and in all the markings and
monuments riKi,l justice will be shown
alike to the vanquished and vietors
Chickamauga and Shiloh were the most
memorable contests of the war in the
West, aud Gettysburg was the most
momentous conflict in the East, and in
all three the most distinguished .Kren
erals, Union and Confederate, I com
manded, aud troops from typical see-,
tions fought, so that by securing and
F'p vuiK uidse neids intact as repre
sentative examples of the greatest
battles of the Civil War the Govern
ment will be able to
history ui a concrete physical form for
all time to come.
Each of those three battles, however,
"was in a measure representative of the
'whole country. Twenty-nine of the
thirty-three States east of the Rocky
Mouutaius, which comprised the
Union at the outbreak of the war, had
troops in the Chickamauga and Chat-
OEN'EllAL VIEW OF; THE Om
LITTLE ROUND TOP.
tanooga campaigns, and five of those
States Kentucky, Tennessee, Mis
souri, West Virginia and Maryland
had troops on both sides. Nearly every
Northern vState, and likewise nearly
every Southern, was engaged at Gettys
burg, and at Shiloh were troops from
twenty different States, North and
South. The Battle of Chickamauga
(September 19 and 20, 1863), is re
garded by military experts as the best
demonstration of the pluck, endurance,
prowess aud strategy of the American
Holilier ever criven. Measured by per
centages of losses and the duration of
the fighting, it was the deadliest battle
of modern times. Its sequel and com
panion piece, Chattanooga (November
24 and 25, 18ti3),i8 considered the grand-
est spectacular engagement, ho Crettys
Kn fJiilv 1 2 and 3. 1863L corre
O 7 ' '
sponding with Chickamauga for East-
-ferocuwN rsios monument, oettysbckg
d surDassine it in
V I 1 l V ' f-V .. i v ' v . ( X
hde renown, registered ine
I highwalfer mark
: and achievements
k oi American courage
and acnie owieiits iu mius,
I IT 1
to-day as the pre-eminent battleheia ot
the Western Continent. As to 'Shiloh,
it furnished an admirable example of the
mnlinr characteristics OX tne
soldier and his adaptability
udden and unexpected, emergencies,
ana constitutes aj fitting third in the
trio of our greatest battlefields.
When completed the park will be the
most comprehensive and extended
military object lesson in the world. It
contains 7600 acres, and the central
ONE OF THE EIGHT SttELL MONUMENTS MARK
ING SPOTS WHEBE BRIGADE COMMANDEB8 WERE
driveway, passing through and over
looking all the heavy fighting ground,
is twenty miles long. The old roads
of the battles have been reopened and
new roads closed. Over forty miles of
the main roads of the field have been
rebuilt in a substantial manner. The
details of the sii battles Chicka
mauga, Missionary Eidge, Lookout
Mountain, Orchard Knob, Wauhatchie
and Brown's Ferry are set forth upon
historical tablets within the park.
These tablets, numbering about 2000
in all, are cast iron tolates. four ff
three feet, with embossed letters.
After casting, the plates were glazed
black and the j iemlossed letters
wnitened, making the inscriptions dis
tinct at a distance. Each plate con
tains from 200 to &X) words of his
torical text, and is fastened to an iron
post, set in concrete. They mark the
positions of army headquarters, corps
divisions And brigades both Union
and Confederate, and the parts taken
by each organizadn bre I concisely
It is left to tfie States having troops
in the battles to erect monuments to
regiments and batteries, anil to the
ouvicucb aauu me larger or-
BATTLE-FIELD FilOf SUMMIT
and brigades, to ereft tneir own muu
Vine handsome granite mon-
Ll AAA V, 11 Vvy I W
; A- n ,i,'ffavan. r t.he Unitea
States regulars, have been set up by
lie (jovernment, at. a coot ui .xw
each. Eight pyrarhidal monuments,
each ten feet high, constructed of
ght-inch shells, have been erected to
mark the spots where brigade com
manders on each side were killed.
Each batterv engaged is to be marked
in its most importanjt fighting position
by guns and carriages of the patterns
useci in rue uuvtio. ;
of these nositions for eacn army
1io r'hinkn.niane'a field alone. Five
tiwvnvR inf iron and steel.
seventv feet hish. have been built, two
- T - n ii J h van rr
Chickamauga field,; from which the
below annears clear
and recognizable with its markings.
All designs and in scriptions for mon
uments and tablets have to be submit
ted first to the Chickamauga National
Park Commission ahd Receive approv
al by the Secretary of War in order to
insure reasonable uniformity ; and har
mony, as well as artistic propriety and
historical accuracy. All monuments
must be either of durable stone or
Umnva ami all inscriptions must con-
form to the official reports and be pure
Under the law establishing a Na
tional park at Gettysburg, introduced
k nnn,.nl Daniel' TR ' Sielcles. the
Government at once proceeded to4ac
(puire the 800 acres find rights of way
over avenues owned y the Gettysburg
Battle Field Memorill Association, and
also to acquire other lands on the bat-
it. u.. nnrotioou 'n (n ft ii rtti n at ton .
vie uciu uj puivuow
Additional roads iriU be opened and
tablets will be set up uenmieiy max.
- LUfT i L ; 1. A.1
ing the lines of tHe troops on dovu
obt.s ! however, of States
and military organisations to plats ot
ground on whicn markers ana mouu-
lana1 Ttrlll in
ments nave aireauv ? ccu mv,v.,
nowise be prejumoea. fiie wivjro-
burg National Farfc Commission, luse
that of the Chiekamftuga Park, will co
operate with State! commhsions in fix-
ing posuions mai ; are uu
A special and noteworthy feature of
the Gettysburg Park, authorized in the
Sickles law, is a huge bronze tablet oh
a pedestal bearing a medallion likenesk
of President Lincoln and the whole of
his immortal address on the occasion of
the National Cemetery dedication at
Gettysburg on November 19, 1863.
There are now nearly $2,000,000
worth of monumentson the Gettysburg
field erected by States and regimental
organizations and military societies.
But until a few years ago there were no
lines of battle marked, and a visitor to
the field, noticing the absence of
monuments on- the Confederate side,
would be prompted to ask: "Against
whom were the Union trooros fitrhfino-?"
This lack has been supplied, and the
nnes oi i all troops carefully indicated
by tablets, as at Chickamautra. without
censure and without praise, and, above
ail, witn mstorical accuracy.
The Shiloh Militarv Park for whih
Congress passed an authorizing act un
der the lead of Representative David
B. Henderson, of Iowa, comprises
about 3000 acres, woods and farming
lands. Over 000 Confederates lie
buried on that hard-f ought field (Anril
6 and 7, 1862), and in the National
cemetery are 3000 Union dead. A
commission like those of Chickanumim
and Gettysburg has located the battle
lines and sites for tablets and monu
ments for t the 258 organizations en
gaged in the battle. The arrangement
of roads and britrade sections has hexm
placed under the supervision of the
best landscape architects procurable
by the War Department. The regula
tions as to tablets and monuments will
be uniform for all three parks Chicka
mauga, Gettysburg and Shiloh.
A PNEUMATIC BOAT.
of Rubber and Tnflntfl
Means of Air Tubm.
Boats and pneumatic tires are now
manufactured on the same principle.
The latest craft of this sort construct
ed can be deflated and packed in one
corner of a trunk, together with the
jointed oars used to propel it. It is
capable of carrying comfortably from
three to six persons. It is durable and
absolutely safe, being non-capsizable.
If filled with water it would still float
several hundred pounds.
These rubber boats are totally un
like anything ever before constructed,
except that rubber has in the past been
locks are buckled. The oars slip in
and out of these little rowlocks, but
are not fastened by thole pins. There
is also an air tube running lengthwise
under the centre of the boat, mis
serves as a keel and also as a bumper.
The other style is, perhaps, tbe most
notable. it is given mi.
I infltvfft1 tubes running
lono-fliwisfl The oarlocks are uucmeu.
' . . . 1 -1- ! -1
nn to the Sides Ot Uie top roil. vruexi
-j... , n
Uninrr lOH annrtfld these boats are
maced in a small case, something like
IX f M11UV) -
n vd iqa n-m rn,n ne eimci uwnou u
e ou stntpfl. in a trunk
Ulllt lUiiU, vx , ,
Both boats are made in four separate
.mnnvtmanfa and are fitted . with
imi- UXAAVyAA i- V7, -
A vnAii m a seats or seats of
It is not only in calm waters that
tested, but it has
1 nuiii uao "vv-
THE PNEUMATIC BOAT.
been given an ample trial in New York
harbor, well down toward anay noos
l npfftsions when a rathe
lioaOT sao was running. The result
has been to show that the craft pos
sesses any amount of buoyancy, ami
rides either a heavy swell or a consid
erable sea and ships very little water.
One boat of this description, with six
persons aboard, made the journey to
ilnv when it was al-
X cl 111 irxmu'Jj vrx . j
maf bftyardous for small sailboats
xi J r;vsvrit TYifinff disaster
ine open o
any sort and hardly wetting the clothes
OI its pasweucio.
The metnod oi innaiing or uemtuu(5
- ti. AlfFa with fhA The
tne craiu umci d "-"
arrangement for holding the air is such
that it is nara to conceive xx --
that would disable it so tnat tne air
would escape, vvnne ii is
common matter for the tire of a bicycle
to be punctured, the material of the
Vif,ner ana so
runner uusi " ,
. ... f, ill -r- nronarpfl t,o resist the impact
of even a sharp pointed instrument
that the danger of a puncture is hardly
among' the possibilities. In any
event, it would witnsianu mucii
heavier shock than the ordinary boat,
and for that reason alone promises to
be of value. New York Herald.
There are thirty-seven newspapers
and periodicals published in Guate
mala, according to a recent consular
report. Of this number seven are
dailies, fourteen weeklies and twelve
are issued once a month.
' - ;
C., THURSDAY, JUNE 10, 1897-
THE MODERN STASLE.
Extreme Simplicity Should Mark Thl At
tachment to a Country Reeldenee.
The great vogue of the bicycle, the
extension of trolley railroads,: and the
introductions of the Auto Mobile cabs;
have called out many dismal predic
tions. The public has been told times
without number that the reign of the
horse is forever over. In illustration
of this statement the unprecedentedly
low prices at which horses have lately
been sold are quoted, and there come
grewsome stories from the West of the
shooting of entire herds of horses oh
mo xauLrvH, in oraer to save the nas.
ture for the more valuable beef crea
tures. As a supplement to these tales,
it is even said that canning factories
have been established where horse
flesh is put up in potted form for our
use or unsuspecting foreigners. The
paragraphers and cartoonists have had
their fling at the subject, and if one
should take the signs of the times,
everything would seem to point to the
virtual extinction of the equine species
m tne not remote future. But those
who love man's best friend and Servant
among the dumb beasts, and who do
not care, to surrender him for studs of
steel or naphtha fed cabs, need not be
unduly alarmed. In fact, horseflesh
would seem to be an excellent invest
ment at this very moment. With the
fall in prices, that was due to a variety
of reasons, horse-breeding has been
giving adequate returns for the oast
few years, and more brood maresjiave
come upon the market than ever before
m an equal space of time. Compara
tively few foals have been born, and
prices are bound to rise before long.
The carriage house and stable must
be influenced more or less by the na
ture of the grounds and the relative
position of the house to which it be
longs. The general rule, of course, is
tnat it must be inconspicuous, or if it
is where it must be seen, it should not
" "i At
lCOWsl- lliHhf hit, Krt irv m...l 1
in the matter of architecture, the orna
mentation must be far less profuse and
, . l: Ii. rtim
bined with stronc and artistic lines,
always gives the best results.
'I'hn oninmimnVITlC Dili 11 BUUWO
afnblA that, would erace any suburban
O. uu l.v-v. vy.. . " J - o x
place, and yet it is not very expensive
or pretentious. iue gcuciw
mailable oi many muumiawvuo
1 I .. . . . ,1 i 4 inllTl a
JUUIO tl iiicjii. j "
, . -l 1 x ,1 m ffT oil nf
OriUlUHllV VII 1 ii, xu I' . .v.v.j
xi ..r,i iTnmAvam0nfs fiincrle and
tilt? llCWCOt AlXiJ. J ax, O
box Stalls, carriage rwum, Ttwx0
, ti i . i waoninir
stand and harness room, all on the nrst
a x- ,A flnnr rrnvision is
noor; uu mc dcwuu f
7 . . i . j .v.,
llliUll 1U1 111 XXUIJ 1
... . T1 1 - ..lniimi 1C
.. . i Ti-io ii n v I niv ami lue uuaxucjo
for the coaenman. iue iuuwmwu
ior i no vjvjjn iiiixii.
of stone, the exterior rough clapboards
. . 1 " V 1 ... , . . . a .
i il. i3Pnnl
1 nkiurr aa n nflTl W 11 1 1' 1 1 11 W XD UOD
ltd Ixll vx CIWU ...
r nvaaw Htn.Hl TI1H KUBUl lO UVX
mirable. Copyright, 1897.
How to Get Served Quickly and Well.
Stranger "Tell me,
llxxoo, xo iiuciq o
seeing in this town beside your pretty
self?" Fliegende Blaetter.
. r .-. .a X a.a a n X"T 1 1 Tl LT
. . ii .
A forty-pound turkey was served at
an Allentown (Penn.) feast.
FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.
SOME GOOD STORIES FOR OUR
Polly's Dinner Paty to Her Cats
Preaching and Practice Without a
God The Laziest Animal in the World
ITTLE soul, for
space that en
tered In this little body
Little life. that
Like a moth
frorrr an un
Little being, wtth-
Where is now thy place
Little dark-lashed eyes, unclosed nev
Little mouth, by earthly food ne'er
Little breast, that just once heaved
In eternal slumber, white and sainted-Child,
shall I in future children's faces
See some pretty look that thine re
traces? Is this thrill that strikes across my
And in dew beneath my eyelid gath
ers. Token of the bliss thou mightst have
Dawning of the love they call a fath
er's? Do I hear through this still room a
Like thy spirit, to me its author cry
ing? Whence didst come and whither take
thy journey, .
Little soul, of me and mine created?
Must thou lose us, and we thee, for
ever, O strange life, by minutes only dat
ed? Or. new flesh assuming. Just, to prove
In some other babe return and love
Idle questions all; yet our beginning,
Like our ending, rests with the Life
sender, With whom naught Is lost, and naught
Unto Him this little one I render.
Hide the face the tiny coffin cover;
So, our first dream, our first hope Is
Polly vished to give a dinner-party
to her cats, Diogenes, John and Broth
wben me-cauie uaca'wim me'iiSUTiw
cats and tried to gei
She tied a ribbon around
each of their necks, but
it was not an
easy task, because they
aVi Thpn she soread a
towel on the
floor and set
three plates on it, ana
x.1 Vior Host tn
make the cats Sit
hfislde them. But they cried, and
jumped about, and behaved so badly
that at last she shut them outside the
J Than chp nil t a fish on each
plate and a little dish of catnip in
the middle, and opened the door. Dio
genes was the last one in, but it wasn't
because he wanted to be polite, for he
jumped over John, who was small, and
m ti Hrht under Brother, the great big
strioed cat. and
was nrst at me uiuie
. x. XVI.
after all. On the
table, I mean, for
he ran right across the clotn, snineu
ot all three nlates. snatched the big-
UV mr '
fiah and draeeed it under
I o '
John took his fish into his cor-
I nor hphind the ciiDboard, ana Brotner
1 I 1 Xlrm nnrlor1 f Vl O Cl Tl K
i , i hip nnnur i mm ssiiin. nii w
X . n
. caincu mo
minute Diogenes leit nis nsn auu
I n( fr nnp cat and then the other, and
I . i i ii x i tvinim nut Trmn sianDeu
i rripn I ( l luiic iucuo. i"" " " "
I - v
I . .1 DAthnr
iriCU I.CA-IXV w i
him, and Brother growled so that he
was afraid, and went back to nis own
fish under the stove.
Polly was shocked at such behavior
A -nan in tell mOtner. Wno UUljr
I was afraid they'd disappoint you,
. 1J Tln,
she said. But never miuu. n:y
are having a good time in their own
So Polly went back and pickea up tne
. 1 ,1 X 1 mntwitn
plates and tne towei auu iue wuup.
And she peeped unaer ine siove auu
behind the cupboard and under the
sink, and she saw mother was rignt.
This Little Problem.
having within it
squares, half of
which of you
can place the letters of the word
zle," each in tne center
snnare SO that DO tWO
the center of a dinerem
of them win
fc ... -1
thft same line
Tt may at first
. .-! r. OOCV tn vnu
Bignt apyi ' -
find that it takes a gwu u.
ZlAward cards will be sent to the
1 bT or irls e cm,,
cue UI Bb
correct solutions. Names of other solv
ers will be published. Let's see who
can work the problem.Chicago Rec
ord. Preaching and Practice.
A crowd of little street arabs was
gathered at the door of the Clark
st. mission waiting for their teacher.
They were ragged and dirty and many
of them doubtless hungry; all of them
familiar with hardships. There were
swarthy, black-eyed girls with shawls
pinned over their heads, and boys with
toes peeping out of their ragged shoes
Presently a new arrival appeared, lead
ing by the hand two children, a lrttla
more forlorn in appearance than them
selves. One had sore eyes and waa
apparently half blind. (
"See here, fellers," was the introduc
tion of their guide, "these two kids
hain't got nobody to take care of 'em.
They sleep in a box and they hain't
had nothing to eat today. Can't we
do sunthin' fer 'em?"
"Let's take a collection." some- one
suggested, and there was a general
murmur of approval.
A ragged cap was produced and
passed around. Grimy hands plunged
into the recesses of tattered garments
for pennies, and the collector an
nounced the result, "seven cents." A
committee, a large one, was appointed
to go to the nearest bakery and invest
the funds. Some small cakes were
bought which were thrust into the
hands of the children and thov tv.-m
bidden to eat. - When 'the teacher ar
rived she found the "two orphans" the
center of an admiring group, content
edly munching their cakes, and with
much satisfaction the case was turned
over into her hands. Union Signal.
Laziest Animal in the World.
In the deep forests along the Ama
zon river in South America there
dwells one of the oddest and laziest
creatures in the world. It walks up
side down; it rarely, if ever, drinks
and it is said to feel no pain. The
onimai is known as the
TiPruliar nioing cry. or the three-toed
The last name is very aiu-
nriate. for a
lazier animal never lived
nftpn it takes less
than fifty steps a
flav and it
will be a montn or more
in ecinK a mile
It Is not necessary
hec.ause it lives
iUf It fiU CAA J .
in the trees and its looa oi leaves
soft twigs is always within easy reach
Sloths have three' toes on each foot
and each toe
bears a. strong hookea
claw. When the
sloth moves he sim-
nlv hooks the
claws over a limb ana
crawls about from tree to tree. In thh
position he can sleep hours at a time
When a little sloth is born it uses its
mother for a hammock until it is bis
enough to climb for itself.
The sloth grows to be about two fed
long Us hair is wiry and coarse anc
it has no tail to speak of. The natives
say that it canrot feel pain, and" they
prove what they say by showing ho
... . A A tl IH-
the sloth will roil useu up auu vn..
erately fall out of a tall tree in ordei
to save climbing down. Pretty lazy
isn't it? An uglier, more useless ani
mal could not well be imagined.
- Without a God.
Two little girls were talking togeth
er. One of them said something about
"There isn't any God, said the other.
"My papa says so, apd he knows:"
But there is," said her companion.
"My papa says there is, and he knbws.
'rj"nfter thinking a moment "may
be your papa hasn't got a God, and
that's why he thinks there isn't any."
Then she went on to tell the other
about her pape's God.
"That's nice," said the little girl
whose father said there was no God. "1
wish" very thoughtfully "my papa
bad a God!"
Her father the man who had no God
heard the conversation between the
rhildren. and he began to think the
L r v. it-it v,r.i,f
matter over as never ueiuic. "im
a God! He felt alone in the world,
and friendless, when the full mean-
of the words struck nome iu mm.
he been misiaKeu : iu"
all? Mgbt and day nc
.u ...rrKr ahnilt it.
"I am in the dark.
he cried. "It tnere is ugnt, it mw
LUUUfel- . . ..LX An1
And he did nna it.
day he heard his little
eirl say to her friend:
Oh, I'm so glad!
I l v n r TXT T I Till
1 4 -i
be thanked the God he had found foi
the childish words that set him think
,ht a terrible thing it is to be a