- , -J.
SIXTY SIXTH YEAR. NO. 12.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1897.
IS r !
K? Kfc M If
- . !
of a Fly"
atys an eminent English doctor. "Will
carryj enough poison to infect a house
hold." 1 n summer -timt, more espec
ially, disease germs fill the air, multi
tudes are infected fall ill, die multi
tudes escape, rhese messengers of
tnisthiefdo not exist for millions. Why
not f fircause ther are healthy end strong
protected a ifcfoeodltt it against gun
that, it it the weal- fit wilted, tht
into bleeped who till thase who
bW. H3 FeiilfiVf newtf fa) thlf I sttdrjfR
Htjsh f eold dtfiop. iiitg gFiftf
fj fise, Wu )Mf Ml H f)tg t'sfl
Wliy Oof paigh health f W R ga (
fry ntttiHumiRi eyp hfilihy
ef Cod-tivtr Oil, ii condensed nourish,
inentj food tor tht tun Icing up of tht
tysiem to revii tht stuck of disease.
Jt should betaken in rtawniblt doses
til summtrrlnng y ill thoM whoM
weight i below tht standard of httlth.
If yuu art losing ground, try t botUt
Mot m0 uy all 4rtf lata at sat, aad frm
rum m AKKi is.
NKW YORK ( OTTOS FPTUHES.
New York, August tWCotton firm.
Middlinu. upland, h oopMi.ldling Gulf
Ul f'..k.. 1 1 1a 1 m
r I .
I i i
t i t t I 1 1 t
AllLMIst . . .
M M I
(September . . .
1)0CGUtbt . .
January . ,
r. ....... ,
ji ny ............ ,
funs, . , .
I 1 1 It I
t WKWOOfc POTTO MAEXBT.
Liverpool, August 0. Middling
Futures Closed quiet but steady,
August ,, v. , t, r 4 114
August and September. ... 4 09 t
September and October. ..... , 4ul(&02
October and November a 5857
November end December 8 56(57
December and January. ...... 8 5556
J anuary and February ........ 8 5556
February and Maroh. . . . ... 8 55(56
March and April . 8 5657
April ami May 8 6758
OTHER COTTON MARKETS.
.Charleston, Aug. 9. Cotton firm;
Wilmington, Aug. 9. CjffJtton firm;
Savannah, Aug. 9. Cotton firm;
Norfolk, Aug. 9. Cotton firm;
Charlotte, Aug. 9. Strict good mid
dling 8; good middling, 8; strict
middling . . ; middling 8; tinges,
7?(rfiH; Stains, 7,
Columbia, Aug. . -Good middling
73; tirlct middling 1) middling 71:
strict Jow middling 71; low mid
dling 11 Market steady;
BA1.T1MUUK lbJtlf)IH If !..
quiet; western super fine,
winter wneat petto t
apring do. 4.A(is4.8fl.
Wheat. Week; eoot.
outh, I M j (,) h,v September.
teamer No, 8 rod 82uaJfgr;
heat by aample 80(a8fl-do
Corn Pull and easy; apot, 8H8lf ;
month 3031; September 8080 j;
steamer mixed 38i29; Southern while
com. 85; do. yellow 35S36.
Oata. Weak;No 2 white, old, 2727y;
No. 2 mixed, 2824.
. ' . -
Charleston, Aug. 9. The rice mar
ket was quiet with no sales. The quo
tation s are:
i rime o qam
. . .B444
Charleston. Aug. 9. Turpentine
firm; at 24. Rosin firm: sales none; A,
B, C, I) and 1.80; F 1.88; G 1.80;
H 1.45; I 1.45; K 1.50; M 1.55; N 1.75;
Window glass 1.90; water white 8. 80.
Savannah, Aug. 9, Turpentine firm
at 28; sales 842; receipts, 4,880;
Rosin firm; sales 788; receipts 4,880;
A, B, c, D end E 1.80; F 1.80; G
1.85; B 1.60; M 1.60; N 1.86; window
glass 2.0ft; water white 8.80.
Wilmington, Aug. 9. Turpentine
steady At 84844; receipts 87. Rosin
quiet at 1.80; and 1.85; receipts 880.
Crude turpentine firm at 83(021; re
ceipts 88. Tor quiet at 1. 16; receipt! 78.
COTTON SEED OUi.
, New York, Aug. 9. -Cotton teed oil
! COFFEE. I
New York, Aug. 9. Options opened
steady, ft points advance; ruled quiet,
but snowed firmtr undertone. Euro
pean cables being better then expected
and Brazilian receipts lighter, which
caused e rally in the afternoon, with
covering e feature. The close wee
steady at 5 to 1ft points net advance.
Sales, 10,2ft0 bagsincluding Septem
ber, 6. 80(06. 90; November 8.8ft; De
cember. 7a?.0ft; January 7. Spot-
Rio quiet; Cordova 104(0164; sales 400
bags Mar acaibo P. T.
New York. Ausust. 9. Rew. steady ;
fair refining 8i;-centrifugal 98 test 8$;
f In New York the other day a young
fellow cut off the noes of a music hail
singer and slashed her husband with
a rasor. When he was aireafced a let-
ter wna found In hU Docket recommend
lug him as "a young man of quiet
tiiMtea and sxeadv habtte." Wonder
svlmt be would have done tf he bad not
benu a quiet fellow?
Comparison of Figures in this State
and Virginia on R. R. Taxation.
OLD NORTH STATE CULUNGS.
Delegates to Farmers National Con
gfessVthe Rxcellence of the Crops
fthnply Wonderful. '
t w -
The following delegates end racing
wefe repretohted it the MtatB
flWmitt'i Ai8eeietifi it fit 8tteill8
Ussweek' AiU6ille, (toilette, m
Hfi, WiliibfifjF, yreeaibeie, Mufhsm,
HileigH, WiieeB, Niwhwei, WiIwihh
rt?B, liMldsNgfO 68d WiBitWHillWj
f'eluRMe, UFiRgtbHFf, Hmbh 9m
mm, tom Hmm Vmm, bi .
cert eluded art. ,1 emas l. MnNuill, q)
reyettevillp, president; , q, Nh:l.olsf
of DurUew, secretary Pf. J. W. Grill
Hth, of Grteusluiro. end PefRtH.
pretidtntt; T. 4. limn, of Newtiern
The following it the result of thi
riots: in the engine contest the Ne
uerne steam art tngine'i time wet
u, Winston 8:48 1-9; Atlantic!, of
Htrnt, 4:08 1-4; Greensboro 6:19
WUmington 6:98 1-9. The flrtt
wet $60, tecond 80. third 180,
in the bend reel 150 vards dash
atteville't time was 81 seconds.
Berne 89, Greensboro 88. Dnrnam
0 OA uUm uu 1 n a. i.kn am
Charlotte 88, Durham No. I, 88.
The grab reel race resulted, Nef
Rarna Mn 1 QS m
1,831-4; Atleutioa 8ft 1-3, Feyetteville
231 -4r South sides 33 1-4.
In the long distance rapid steaming,
Wilmington and Winston made fins
In the long distance throwing w
"tvu WWMS f99 itjajau I J lUUUVRi
. . a. as n F71
winntiH iiuii M.a r. i,i.M
ureenshoro Juniors defeated the Fay
etteville Juniors. Tht championship
head reel race wee wonbvtha Atlantins.
of New hern; the horse wagon contest
was won oy toe Greensboro team the
horse book end ladder rice wet won by
Winston ; the hand book end ladder
contest wee won by Greensboro,
The next place of meeting it at
Charlotte didn't get the tournament,
but she got the promise of the Favetta
ill boys, along with others, to go
there the nest 30th of May.
Much bat been said recently as to the
taxation of railway property in Vir
ginia and North Carolina. The follow
ing are the facts as to suoh taxation
The total value of railways in Virginia,
muiuuiug property oausiae 01 ngui or-
way, as well as street cars, assessed for
taxation , ia $58, 889, 540. That in North
Carolina, not including street cars and
property outside of riuht-of-wav. ft
329,000,000. The gross earnings in
Virginia are S50.000.000; in North Car
olina $9,848,000. The net earnings in
lrginia are $12.151. 000;in North Caro
lina ea o nnn a o.. t..iin t ftrstl
ginia, instead of being one and a half
times greater than in North Carolina,
should have been in round numbers
four times as much. Governor Russell
says railway property should be listed
for taxation at e sum upon which it
pays 6 per cent, upon net earnings. By
this Virginia wouldhave a valuation of
$800,000,000 and North Carolina $50.-
000,000. Virginia, besides, pays l par!
pent, on net income, deducting inter
est on funded debt end tixes. end this
smonnt to only $8,000. With a thnilir
tar, North Carolina could collect
nothing save a small mm from the At
antic Coast Line. Charlotte Observer.
The commissioner of effrioultura satrs
all the orop returns which oome in are
remariaoiT favorable, in fsct the ex
cellence of the crops is simply wonder:
iui. ine returns lor August are rapid
ly errivina from correspondents. None
of these pot cotton below 100 per cent.
and some put it as high as 120, compar
ed with average years. There ia a larsra
increase in acreage. The report as to
corn ia the best ever received by
the department It is a remark that
1897 may well be termed "a year of
plenty. . f
Governor Russell appoints the fol
lowing delegates from North Carolina
to the Farmer a National Congress for
the next two years: State at farce. J.
S. Cunningham and Wm. Dunn; First
district, John Brady; Second district,
M. L. Wood; Third district, J. A.
Westbrook; Fourth district. Ransom
H in ton; Fifth district, Benehan Cam
eron; Sixth distriot, Nick Gibbons;
Seventh district, S. A. Lawrence,
Up to the 6th the Charlotte Obi
says: Of all the counties in the State
from which returns Have been sent to
the Auditor and to the State board of
equalisation, Gaston leade so ferae in
tr ease in values is concerned. The in
crease in the value of property in that
oounty It $815,811 over 1898 and 84 H),
For tht flrtt time in three veers the
Cabarrus jail ia dear of prisoners.! An
other iuoident attending the term of
oourt jail concluded to the ftct that not
a whiskey case wet tried during the
term something that hae greatly er
prised even the publio, to aay nothing
of the lawyers. Chir lotto Obterver.
Durhsm paid $80,000 internal rev-
enuetexfor the month of July, the
at Tobacco, $96,808.90;
$13,955.00; cigara, $057.45;
ports were: Cigarettes, 1,802,500; to
bacoo, i,eoo pounas.
The railroad oommission reduces the
tax valuation $500 per mile on the fol
lowing railways: Georgia, Carolina
ana m or mem: western mortn Carolina,
between Round Knob and Paint Rock,
and the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line.
thus making the valuations, respective
ly. $9,000, fB, 600 and $11,000 pet
Martin Roberts, of Reidsvil I e, baa been
convicted of the seduction of (leorgie
Willis, a pretty nineteen-year-old girl.
1 L A . M L A . m .18111
ne was sentenceo to twelve monn e
jaU. ; . -
T1TLK TO THE KLONDIKE FIELDS
Ho Valid Objection CEO be Advanced
to Gret BHtain! Claim.
Incited by the newspaper publica
tions recently, tending to throw doubt
upon the ownership of the Klondike
gold fields, some of the high govern
ment officials who would naturally be
expected to deal with the question if it
comes to a prscticsl issue, have been
quietly looking into the mutter with i
View to preparing themselves for any
controversy that may arise. Their
flews ere itt sttbstinee that there can
be4 no valid objection advanced to the
title of Great Britain to this territory.
A eatefiii eiitnihiUoh of ill the reli
able fhsrts and maps made . far
ehottgh ttiei in date to be free frooj
iiispiettin efiaMtiefiee of lie reht
mm. io d dfitit. hii efiiaeed .we
no fir iff we Kieeaitff
elni. m defifii
I by liteMt wwm
Itt tut thai
east (if the mum hill
im and m
U HIIIUS SI-
V ft Z$ th
located by the
MMdiuiiK and our uwu ooest survey, that
there is not at iny point a difmrenoe
of more than 7oo feel in the oUimed
lnMindary, which, of course, would pot
substeutially effeotauy oontroveny that
might grow ont of the title.
A VoLcAMON KBUPTION.
stive Hundred People Known to Have
Perished and 15 Towns Destroyed.
A tpeoial to the Chicago Cnroniole
from Tacoms, With. , says; Fife hun
dred reported killed up to July let to
the record of the terrible outbreak of
the greet volcano Mayon, on the ialand
Of Luzon, one of the Fbillipioe gronp.
On the night of June 84 this volcano
begin throwing up ashes and lava in
immense quantitiea, and the names
were thrown upward considerably over
too feet above the crater. The next
dsy 66 bodies were recovered at a con
sidersble distance, end the most recent
dispatches to Hons Kong up to July
8th stated that not leee than 600 were
known to have been killed.
It it probable. Mid the dlioatobtt.
that the loss of life will reach into the
thousands, depending on the length of
eruption. On that date leva ttreame
end ashes hid reached the oitiet of
Bacacay, Malipot and Libert, and their
destruction was certain. Fifteen email
or towns between these end the voloauo
had been destroyed, and scores of
the agricultural population bad beeu
overwhelmed while attempting to ea-
mm, U I ,
He Defends the Dls
usary and Tells
Things About Hlra-
Senator Tillman spoke to the farmers
institute at Abbeville, S. C, delivering
the first speech he has made in the State
since the opening of the present sena
to rial campaign. He defended the dis
pensary law, and declared that the
troubles it had been involved in were
due not to the law itself, but to its un
wise administration. He endorsed the
tariff views of Senator MoLanrin, and
Said that while he himself was not a pro
teotionist. if there wet any stealing go
ing on, he wanted his State to hare its
share, He told his hearers that he wan
the only farmer in the Benito, and that
he therefore represented 80,000,000
farmers of toe united matei. He de
olared that his speeches were at popular
in the Senate as at home, and told bow.
when he arose to epeek, the oloak rooms
. , . . a a a- . , .
always em piled and the geilertei fluid.
Civil Her v lot' K sam I natlo n a to Be Held
Civil service examinations will be
held in Columbia, S. C. , on September
82 for the following positions under the
government service: Bookbinder, olerk
of the departmental service, eomposi
tor, electrotyper (of all kinds), elevator
conductor, jauitor. messenger, press
man. railway mail clerk, skilled laborer
(male or female), stenographer, stereo
types stock examiner, tagger, type
Writer, watchman. One wishing to
stand the examination san Beleot an v t
one of the above callings to be exam
ined upon. All applications must be
on file in the office of the Civil Service
Commissioner, Washington, at least
ten days before the examination is held.
Examinations will be held in Charles
ton on the 24th of September and the
25th of October.
ATLANTA OPERATIVES STRIKE.
Negro Women Were Employed and
All the Other Hands Quit.
Ae a result of the employment ol
twenty-five negro women in the folding
department of the Fulton Bag and Cot
ton MBit, Aflanta, Ga. , 1,400 men,
women and children have gone out on
one of the largest strikes that hat ever
occurred in that oity The willa were
forced to shut down their entire plant,
end it will efloot fully 9,000 people ol
the working classes, when the notiot
Wee put up that the mills were closed
much disorder broke out, and it was
the inclination of the strikers at first to
cause trouble, but the police reserve
force arrived in time to qnell any dis
' j HsWEEaBggimEsaiu---- -
Iowa Colony In Alabama.
A number of Iowa families hive se
cured a concession of 6,000 aorae of land
in Shelby eouuty, Ala , 80 miles south
of Birmingham. The tract ia to be laid
out on the colony plan, bnt each colon
ist will own his own property.
Buslnees Men as Swlndlert.
Three prominent business men of
Pittsburg, Fa , have been arrested and
bound over to the October term of oourt,
charged with conspiracy to defraud the
National Loan k Investing Company,
of Detroit, one of the largest concerns
of its kind in the country. The case
promises to be a sensational one, owing
to the prominence of the accused, and
the amount claimed to have been secured
by them, which it said to be in the
neighborhood of $800,000.
I ft fW.Iffn,JHI
urvev ui ins i a
1 1 .
Pool iwr n Pencil Pointers.
The smallpox situation in Birming
ham, A1e., is very much improved.
M. A. Connelly, of Savannah. Ga,
bee been chosen m secretary of the
Nioauraguan Canal Oommission.
Alfred E. Hoi ton bias been appointed
United States attorney for the Western
district of North Caroline.
A gentleman who has been dead two
months has been appointed postmaster
at Wahoo, Sullivan county, Tennessee.
tDtiring tt game of ball at Eufsuji,
Ala, a Rose Faulkner struck CeI Taylor
ealle nejd Witt a Hick atid deeth re
enlted Fittikhei ieapetl
JJIeTSitltttte teef sats the pfoh-
EiHefi to move m WHft Jtottae He
ill; A mm fit if mm who vtitFil
were 1H fivOr Hf fili trVil, but athaiMtitt
heftieiHleFed v'deft did hhI mm 1h
irds of heavy hn
mm er the toMiraci s vwum.
m mill has been furoed to nurc ihsh
vonii, da., at once.
It is believed that the pita to utilise
the water power of the J amis, it Rich
!mcoeed ,MWio P',M, wU
The old Til hot machine shops, at
Richmond, Vt, hive patted away after
5ty years of life. The deprtssion of
the tiroes did it.
W by business troubles,
weelthy Samuel Blair, of Chattanooga.
Tenn., out hia throat and died in his
J. H. Milam, of the Seaboard Air
Line at Charlotte, has mysteriously dis
PPwed. Hia shortage foots up to
Athtriff's posse in Coffee oounty,
Ala., killed A liven Llghtfoot and badly
injured his son Joe, in attempting to
srrest t hem for general crimes.
AU About the North.
m A.rnA?torm tof"1? C, Col.,
flooded the strevaels Inebee.
An association composed of buyers
for commercial houses in the virions
oitiet has been formed is New York.
Cineinoitl, O., is the centre of a great
new combine of manufacturers of wood
The World says tbst 8,600 babies
have been abandoned by their mothers
in New York within the past year.
The National Democratic Association
of Colored Men is called to meet in
convention Columbus, O. , on Sept. 23d.
All the gas companies of Chicago,
have consolidated. The capital stock
is raised from $400,000 to $25,000,000.
Stephen M. Cart v, who put up the
first telephone used in Cuba, died at
New Haven, Conn. , from heart failure
caused by excessive smoking.
At St. Louis cotton is said to be
cornered and it is likely to remain so
until September 1st, when the official
cotton yeai opens, and the new crop
begins to move. The statemeute of
the local warehouses show that the
total number of biles in storage aggre
gate 9,082 bales.
A gang of gold brick swindlers have
oome to grief in New York.
At Sigonrney, fa , four girls were
drowned in Skunk river. They were
caught in the current while wading.
Chat. A Dana, the aettor of Ameri
cau journalists, owner end editor of the
New York Hun, it serioutly ill.
It it reported that Senator Oorroau,
of Maryland, will not be a candidate for
reelection at the end of bis present term.
Senator Gorman will nave served 34
Many of the principal life and acci
dent insurance companies of Chicago
are refusing to assume risks upon the
lives of persons contemplating a visit to
The gold brick swindle was worked
on e New Orleans salodn keeper for
$7,000 by members of a gang who have
operated extensively in South American
cities and large towns of this country.
The men were arrested iu Now York.
At Hudson, Mass., an attempt was
made to blow up a section of the tene
ment house owned by the L, D. Applev
Rubber Company, in which several of
the workmen employed at the factory
in the place of the striking help have
American whalers this season have
Within eighteen mouths famine and
Jjrtjljnce have killed 8,900,000 people
Most Kansas counties, .pay a bounty
on wolves killed, end Michigan pays for
..Mr-Moo-y eanouuees that he has no
idea of retiring from hit evangelistic
An explosion in the cartridge factory,
of Rustchuk. on the Pstnube, killed
flfty tix people outright.
Arrangemcnta are being made for the
ettiblishment of a mail route to the
The highbinders in Bin Franoisoo,
Cel., have posted a list of Chinese who
they will murder.
New York is still talking of a World's
Fair in 1 900 to commemorate the consol
idation of the various cities which are
comprised in Greater New York.
From 12,000 to 15,000 natives are now
under arms in revolt against the British
in India, and the rebellion is still
Missonri has raised the taxable valu
ation of her railroads and telegruphbv
over $3,000,000 and will add $750,000 to
her revenne next year.
Representatives of Feter Maher and
Tom Sharkey have posted a second
deposit of ga.ftOO of the $10,000 for a
fight between the pugilists. Th-v will
probably fight in Ban Francisco during
Gratifyirig Reports of Business Im
provement by Dyn & Co.
THE DAWN OF BETTER DAYS.
Fewer Failures the Past Week Than
In Aug Week since the Tear
The weekly trade review ef Messrs.
ft; G. f in,, Co., for the week ending
Atttfust 7th, pars: Fan yeefft tie,
August nth, nmt the toil of I Mitre o--18
wi wai isefiedi with fiiiefei ia that
IMMHIm NHPOBttiHlf fcegVef $TW, 1881,1881,
while iit tht weeth jail etotert faHnF
have )hmm H&lyfMIW?, (Hi MoelM
in mm lutmiu nm latii: The ttati
ment ef feilMtm by eleetei ef hminett
fr ifwlf nd fnr forty "ill Months shows:
fhtt III Manufacturing failure! biff
been smeller i hen in my other mouth
in the entire period, in trading smaller
then iu any mouth otuept on end in
many brinohus of mauufauturi mallet
than in most mouths of which reoordi
The pessimists who prouuunoed re
ports of gain fictitious and misrepre
seutiug have grown weary of their dtt
roal predictions and begin to see the
dawn of better days. Liet month was
the first for four yeart of which the
volume of business reported bar oletr
ing houses was larger then iu the same
mouth of 180J, end the telegraphic dis
patches from all parte of the country
given this week show gratifying im
provement. This is probably due to
E larger yield of wheat and good
prices, though the orop is probably not
as large nor are prices thus far as high
as in 1803; but of cotton the price is
higher and the yield probably larger
than in that year. ( M her farm products
are realising good prices, end the pos
sible decrease in yield of corn may help
to market the enormous surplus
brought over from list year. .
Liquidation of a powerful com
biuatiou ' in wheat, broke and
wheat advanced 8 centi on Tuetdty,
a gaiu of 112 cents for the week. It
is the wrong season to expect much
from industries, ami yet there has
been material increase in the number
of bauds employed in the iron menu
fart are because of the satisfactory ad
juatnieot of wages dispute with the
Amalgamated Association and the open
ing of numerous establishments which
have been waiting while the coal min
ers' strikes seem each day more Mxtly
to end in a permanent settlement bene
ficial to both part u t. Meanwhile the
demand for most finished products is
steadily increasing, the feature this
week being large pipe contracts Jot
Russian oil fields, Sumatra and Ger
many. The aales of wool, as comparative
returns by months show, bear little re
lation to the actual consumption in
manufacture, but heavy liquidation
since the new tariff bill was enacted
gives the impression that some dealers
are no longer confident of a speedy ad
vance. Nevertheless, prices have risen
during the past few weeks nearly one
cent per pound. Manufacturers are buy
ing but little, though they arevrapidly
increasing the output ana are able to
report in advance of 10 per cent, in
prices of goods, with rapidly increasing
The temporary curtailment of output
by cotton mills continues, but doet not
yet bring improved prices for products,
ntthough the demand is generally gain
ing. failures of the week have been 887 in
the United States, against 240 last year,
and 99 in Cinada, against 88 last year.
WESTERN UNION APPEALS.
Resists the Reduction In Telegram
Rates Made by t he N. O. R. R. Com
mission.; The Western Union Telegraph Com
pany has appealed from the order of
the railroad commission making 15
cents the rate for a ten-word day mes
sage. The company contends that the
rate is not just and reasonable and that
it would force the company to operate
at a loss; also that a oommission has
no power to make the rates for tele
grams. The company alleges that at 25 cents
it has operated North Carolina busi
ness at a loss. It files a prayer for re
moval of the case to the United States
Court for the eastern distriot of North
Carolina. The prayer alleges that the
commission's order, violates the fifth
amendment to the United States con
stitution in that the enforcement of said
rate would be taking the company's
property for publio use without just
compensation; that it violates section 1
of .the fourteenth amendment to the
constitution ; that it violates section 8
of article t of the constitution, and also
violate! the United States act of 1866 to
aid in ! the construction of telegraph
lines. The prayer further sets forth
that the com Many is of New York and
not a citizen or resident of North Caro
lina. .John Van Home, vice-president,
eight thit prayer. .
The Tennesee Election.
A general election was held in thit
State on the 11th to decide whether or
not a constitutional convention ahall
be held. Bet urns show that the calling
of a convention has. been overwhelm
ingly defeated. A light vote wis pol
led, but little interest being shown,
aud in some voting districts the! polls
were not opened. In Nashville, With a
voting population of 15,000, the' total
vote cast Was less than 1,000.
Freight Rates on Cotton.
The Georgia State Railroad Commis
sion has refused the petition of W. H.
Jirewer. of Griffin, and D. G, Purdue,
of Savannah, representing the freight
and transportation bureau of that city,
and others, for a horizontal reduction
of 25 per Cont. in freight t etes on cot
Tho Bimetallic Commission.
The British government baa informed
the American bimetallic oommission
that they wiU probably reply to the
proose!s of the commissioners on be
half of the United gtetjNsia, October.
THIS CROSS OF GOLD.
NOW AMERICAN PRODUCERS
ARf BEING CRUCIFIED.
J. W. Porter of Virginia Kxpo-c the
Methods Keeorted to by the Pluto
cratic Press to Hide the Cause
WaUug Prices of Oar Products.
J. W. Porter of YfTElniE In
in view of the long continued decline'
of agricultural prosperity, which has
reacted Upon ill other industries, and
Is miking eommpt ciai business hatard
ous. to say the least, we see men still
S feeing m dat-khee 88 to ths Muse.
m we eee other iieoreeUr or wil
fully" fflltHHjHHf the eattie. ttnd deelif-
Mte i ha hi ii iM-brHMtiahle, wHit fttrae
Iriing, ike ftoffiiglRK ifitlfeee ef ih
dsftiiHPMflR ef veltiti webdi it due le!
PfHef WRleh 8FI r-amedlebll- The,
mush end the remedy hevt been leftg!
Ho hMlntml mil hy snum of Mis wit-
tit ami ihitet mm of the lime, eM
publio opinion would logg tgo hare
riom 1110 tht snpltcethin of thit
rs.medy whloh consisted In i rtmovil of
the known caii,hut for the determined
effort to prevent puhlln opinion by ftltti
statements, end the cloture of the eoi-j
umns of to many of our greet newtpa
pert and agricultural Journals to any
fttr discussion of the subject, This Ii'
no light matter In i republic, whose
enlightened public opinion it our every1
safeguard. The power of money to
oppreet it nowhere more aptly Illus
trated than In this attempted control of
the vehicles of public Intelligence,
livery writer against the gold standard
In this country and In'Europe knows
how difficult It Is to get any presentation
of fact or argument against the gold
standard before the people. The lete'
Prof. Lsveleye. of Liege university,
asserted In hit last days, after long End
shly contending against the injuattci of
the gold standard, that he had to pay
for tht publication of his pspert In the
great continental Journal!. In i re
public this it inexcusable, It It dan
geroue. It it the flrtt ittp taken to
throttlt liberty. Americans thould be
aroused to the danger, ere it Is too late
Truth and Justice have nothing to fear
in the arena, open to public discussion,;
A free end untrammeled public press'
was once deemed "the palladium of our
liberties." Have w such now? Most'
assuredly not, when the press Is closed
to the free discussion of the most Im
portant questions which ever agiteted
our country. One great agricultural
Journal which has a large circulation,
formerly took great Interest in this
question. IU control was eecured. and'
it was silenced, and all discussion of,
the subject of bimetallism as Effecting
agriculture was stopped, though its two
editors are pronounced friends of bi
metallism. Every number brings evi
dence of the decay of the farming in
terests, yet the cause must not be dis
It recently published the following
from the Tribune (N. Y.):
"Farms In England are selling at a
ruinous reduction of their former
valuc,and In many cases cannot be sold
at all. Many properties within two
hours ride of London are deeerted
In many cases farms have been
told for loss than one-tenth their value
twenty yeart ago. Well-to-do firmer
arc abandoning the business and going
to the colonies or to the cltlet to itart
life anew. Although the tit
uatlon is grevtous, there msy be con
solation in the feet it It worn on the
continent. We have not yet
suffered so severely in this country,"
it continues. Now, as to its last con
clusion, what are the faots?
The abandoned farms of our East
ern states are an older story than the
ones in England, and so is the emi
gration of its eomen, to whose sturdy
manhood both owe their greatness. We
can instance as great a decline In farm
values in almost all the older states,
and then the sequestration of all debt
or Interests in farms, largely or nearly
paid for, which has been constantly go
ing on. Coupled with this lot we pre
sent the following from Mr. Edward
Atkinson's address recently delivered
before the New jersey board of agri
culture, as published by the Southern
planter (Richmond, Va.). which lauds
Mr. A. as the greatest statistician and
an emit ' iit authority. He attributes
the enormous losses which the farm
ers have sustained in the last two
years in the decline of their staple
crops to "the shadow of a threatened
crime," and he then says: "The pen
alty which the farmers have paid for
tolerating the effort to tamper with the
standard of value of the nation haa
been a loss of one-third of Che farm
values of their great products In the
returns of 1895 ss compared to 1891, in
the sum of $750,000,000!" Continuing,
he says: "This loss hit by to much
reduced the purchasing powers of the
largest consuming claw in the country
in lK9fl." Let the reader compere thit
astounding statement of the cause of
the loss of $750,000,000 In one year's be
ing "the shadow of a threatened
crime," with the foregoing statement
of a gold bug editor of the worse condi
tion existing Ji England End on the
continent of Europe, where no "shadow
of a threatened crime" clouds the land
scape of the fund holder. And these
"outlaws to reason" presume to teach;
and they find room In journals, profess
edly agricultural, which will not permit
an exposure of Its Infamy to appear In
their columns. Why! the above Is on
a par with the wolf's logic to the lamb
In Aesop's fable. We meet note the ad
mission made of the Impairment of the
purchasing power of the greatest con
suming class in our country in 1896 of
$750,000,000---over $10 per capita for ev
ery man, woman and child In it; for
It must comfort the men who seek re
lief by more taxes more revenue and
In the openelng of more mills Instead
of mints. Comfort them, Just ae their
imm end .ttrw of
promised p-inesniy enm forte us, it II
were. Thit tremendous impairment of
llin pnrchaelim power of jlm rnrmcre of
our country It the cause df manifold
evils which ifflhi our country and the
world, f nit end of helm caused by ,,te
lhadow of a threatened 4 riiur," at title
wanton writer calls the struggle for
relief, It it the result of the most gi
gantic crime ever attempted -the at
tempt to change the standard of pay
ment after getting the nations under
bonded debit aggregating certainly one
third the total wealth of tb world.
We may more truly I reverse Mr. At
klnson's assertion, and say that our
present great losses are due to our
having to lortg tolerated t he fraudulent
and unconstitutional attempt to change
the standard of payment, not the stand
ard of vsJue, as Mr. Atkinson falsely
calls it, by which the spoliation of the
people le permitted under forme oMaw.
There it no standard of value There
can be none for value In s market rela
tion, determined hy the supply and de
mand of thit thing valued In men'e
minds hy their desire to keep It or to
exchange it. A standard it a fixed
quantity, or measure, under the sanc
tion of law, or of custom. Velue i
subject to mtny changes, It le
"Ideals," aa our tupreme court once de
he World'- We.
I looked from out the grating 0
Of my spirit's dungeon cell
And I saw the Life-tide rolling.
With a sullen, angry swell;
And the battle-ships were riding
Like leviathans in pride
W hile their cinnon-shot were raining
On the stormy human tide.
Then my soul in anguish wept,
Sending forth a wailing cry:
Said the World "This, comes from hea
ven!" ; ,
Said my soul, "It is a LIE!"
I looked from out the grating
Of my spirit's dungeon dell
And a sound of mortal moaning
On my reeling senses fell;
And I heard. the fall of lashes,
And the clank of Iron chains,
And I saw where Men were writhing
Under Slavery's cruel pains.
Then my soul looked up to God,
With a wo-beclouded eye: t
Said the world, "This comes from hea
ven!" Bald my soul, "It It i LIE!" 4.
I looked from out the grating v .
Of my spirit's dungeon cell ,
And 1 beard the solemn tolling
Of a malefactor's knell; ,
And I saw the frowning gallows
Reared aloft in awful gloom,
While a thousand eyes were gloating
O'er a felon's horrid doom,
And a shout of heartless' mirth
On the wind was rushing by:
Said the world, "This comes from hea
ven!" Said my soul. "It is aLIE!"
I looked from out the grating
Of my spirit's dungeon cell
Where the harvest wealth was bloom-
Over smiling plain and dell; f
And I saw a million paupers
With their foreheads in the dust
And I saw a million workers
Slay each other for a crust!
And I cried. "O God above!
Shall thy people always die?"
Said the world, "This comes from hea
ven!" Said my soul, "It Is a LIE!"
The trust hsvi control of congreee
end the Edmtnlelratlon. When will
they relax their grasp?
Christ' ministers were commanded
to "feed" hie "sheep." When will they
cease shearing them andtransforming
them Into mutton? Whn?
The devil it the general manager of
humsn affatrt. When will he abdicate
and give Christ a chance to rule?
Working-men of the United States,
hy the use of their hsltots. ould
chsnge their serfish condition to that of
free men. When will ey do It?
Socialism proposes to hew out a
broad highway to better conditions
and Illuminate It with the light of com
mon sense. When will those who need
emancipation walk In it? Railway
Packer Break the Record.
The Kansas City packers have broken
their record for the first six months of
the rear. They killed during that per
iod i ,665.000 hogs, 412,600 cattle and
470.000 sheep, which figures indicate an
increased slaughtering of 875,000 hogs,
43,00Toattle mS$06jS)0 sheep ov4r the
first half of 1666. This enlargement is
said td be the resnlfpf 4n Increased
supply of live atdok in the Kansa
terrVtry and extesion oj.tride.
U f71 ttealHH
1 1 !
e-eseVgfi i M1