?Ffie Horde aridMah
Animal Conquest Marked One of the Great
Turning Points in the History of
H2M' Ff: By Henry Fairfield Osborn.
Russian Stronghold; Succumbs At Last To The
Assaults Of The Japanese
he conquest . . IfMS OF SUBM-NDE ARE FIXER
of tiix crpiit turnine noints in the history 1 1
VVUHf f 1II1T 1 .WAAW m. w tj " . & it". I . f
T11 fiiv imaot o rti anrf annd nresrlaciai ae. I .
Ication to General. Nogi, Conynls-
"nosita of Eurone the true wild- horse is as widespread,
" . i i n vinf at this onj?A
. . - . ... . . . m A 1
associated wiui tne remains 01 man, ucause wj, pya,
man except the pithecanthropus or Trinil man Java has
1, been found. In the: interglacial or postglacial, perioa tne re-
-tnainsof - mai and the horseare -first found together. . , The first - association
ccursfn" the middle of the" palaeolithic, or rough implement,; period. , The
'discovery of ail the possible uses bf the horse came very- gradjy however,
Cor there is abundant proof that man. first hunted and ate, then drove, and
finally! rode the animal. ' V 7.7 ' . . 'V . ' '
v The 'prevailing drawings of-the palaeolithic horse represent, him. as hog
maned, with no forelock to conceal: the low-bred Roman nose. 1A. second type
In the Mouthexjave, a bearded horse: with long bristling mane, long ears and
convRt forehead is regarded bv M. Riviere as another species. But it is not
dear, to my mind that these drawings represent more than the summer and
printer coats of the same animal. , Besides these Roman-nosed types, to which
JSwart; traces the modern- cart, horsej. there .are others with small heads and
flat noses -which Ewart associates with the Celtic pony and possibly with the
origin of the thoroughbred. Other cave drawings, reproduced by M. Capitan,
leave little doubt that the ass . was known in Europe. It is also certain from
Abundant evidence in the caves of France that there was a larger horse
Coward the south perhaps, while the smaller, breeds 'may have frequented the
colder northern, regions The Century.
sioners Representing the Two Com
manders Met at 4 O'Cfock Monday
Afternoon 1 and Subsequently Signed
Articles of Capitulation.
Port Arthur whose hills' 7 have for
months: run red with the blood of the
bravest of the two 1 war-like nations,
has at last succumbed to the fierce
tenacity of the Japanese attack. Gen
eral Stoessel,. most stubborn in carry
ing out the will ofihis sovereign, has
seen the advance of the besieging army
gain in momentUn and energy until to
hold out longer would! have, been a
crime against humanity. The conditions
of the surrender"1 are not yet known,
Ar e No
By Dr. Efleh Milas.
, . - ; -,- .1 " ,
UCH a thing as an ideal husband does not exist The near-
est annrftar.h tn one ia the man who would "allow his wife
the same' liberties as himself. i i i .
If he drops around to his club in the evening, let her do
likewise. If he hires a carriage and takes a woman ac-
auaintance drivinsr in the nark, let him exnect to have her
hire a carriage and take out some man friend. j
The ideal husband should be consistent.. He should re
spect his Wife's rights. r ,
S TT V 1 it. .1.11 J 4V'okVUinAtt
He tfhould be at his wife's, command as thoroughly as4reexpects her to
be t his.1-' - ' J'
,:.A'iman should not be expected to , be tied to his wife's apron strings, tolse
cure. : He needs recreation,and should -be entitled to ah evening but with his
friends, i)ut the ideal husband would :never wait to be asked to stay at home
to keep his wife from being lonesome. ;.He would think first before, leaving
his wifeat.home, youId she ' rather . have me here?' - . j -f.
He Vonld take- ah interest in her affairs and pleasures. He would be con
cerned ivt the welfare- of his home. He wouldl be agreeable about the house.
. Emjfaatically, ! do not believe the way to reach a man's heart is through
fais stomach. .Men.:, like . to be well fed; and it is their- right to expect good
meals jyhen they provide the means for them, but I don't think! a good meal
wouhf win-a man to his wife's side if he were determined on an evening out
with -hi crowd. - 'J '...:-'! 1
tank' a man has a right to complain if the meals are not decent, but the
Ideal husband would not make his criticisms, on bad coffee or overdone, steak
In the nature of fault-finding. The ideal husband would always regard his
wife's. feelijQgs jas fell as his own.
1 J&j I
ByBrigadierGeneral Charles King.
FOOT or on horseback, regular or volunteer,, as you see him
. today, our "man behind the gun" is a man worth the know
ing. Take him all in all, and a physically sounder an4 mor
tally straighter soldier doesn't live or dwell on the face of
the globe. Like English ''Tommy Atkins" as well as the
sailor Jackie of Anglo-Saxon blood, he has his faults and
limitations. He "comes higher" than do the rankers' of oth
. er tanas, out ne ngnts naraer. witn fewer numDers ne ac
4 comnnshes greater results. He has nauence niimitaDle in
faceVof a turbulent mob of his own people, but he pulls trigger quick' sudden
ly and sure when he gets the word. He is the bugbear of demagogue orators
before an election, but the- sure defense of society dt any time: He presided
over Chicago's early infancy, and thrice since the great civil war has he come
with fixed" bayonets tci . stand between her and anarchy. He is proud of his
flag and 4 his country, h He is stouthearted,' clean-limbed law-abiding, self-re-fipecting
as a rule. He wants to be held and hailed as a man, not a boy. He
devotes reasonable timer and thought to his drill, but he delights in healthful,
hearty- outdoor sports, base ball, foot ball and polo preferred. He sometimes.
slights the little niceties of military carriage and courtesies, but he will cheer
fully submit to the sternest discipline, the hardest privations, the heaviest
trials, when he knows the need ; and, finally, when it comes to fighting he will
charge with "finer fury and enthusiasm or hold his ground with more grim,
dogged tenacity, and all the time 'shoot with greater skill and precision than
any other man-at-arms of all the vaunted legions of Europe.
butan 'all quarters. -it-. is. anticipated
that they are such as an honorable sol
dier may accept from a bijave and vie-.
torlous enemy. .
At 9:45 o'clock Sunday night the
commissioners completed the singing of
the capitulation agreement . Both
armies had suspended hostilities five
hours earlier.' The city of Port Ar
thur will.be occupied by the Japanese.
The authorities at St. Petersburg, in
the absence of direct official news
from General Stoessel that Port Ar
thur has surrendered, have no, per
mitted the news to become public. Em-,
peror Nicholas is in the south bf Rus
sia, and his Ministers are for the time
being in the dark as to what dis
patches have been sent to him, from
the front t
Tokiq was the scene of rejoibing,
people of all ranks finding in the out
come compensation for all the sacri
fice of life -and money that was en
tailed in the ten months' siege.
To what extent the fall of Port Ar
thur; will make for a restoration of
peace is an open question. There is an
encouraging note in the expression by
Baron Hayashi, Japanese minister at
London, of the hope that "In some way
it will facilitate final peace," though
the pacific note is perhaps lost in the
later words of the minister, whicn call
attention to the fact that the besieging
army will now be free to go. north,
where it will be an offset to the rein
forcements General Kuropatkin has
been receiving from Russia since the
battle of Shakhe. The spirit of the
Russians may be judged by the state
ment of the secretary of the embassay
at London that the campaign will be
renewed with fresh vigor in the spring,
,and that the nation will not be content
to permit Port Arthur to remain in the
hands of the Japaese.
Both in Paris and in London the
opinion is that the squadron under:
Vice Admiral Rojestyensky, which
started from -JJibau for -tire far East
three months ago, will have to retrace
its way home, as adherence to the
original plans would invite disaster
without probability of effecting a junc
tion with the warships at pressnt in
the harbor of Vladiyostock. That Japan
may hot be-permitted to retain pos
session of Port Arthur without dispute,
is shown; in the fact 'that Fari3 news-:
papers are already reviving the fclaim
made In 1901 that h holding of that
position commanding Uhe Eastern seas
by the Japanese would be a uienace
to European powers.
Chefoo, By Cable Commander Kart
zow, or tne Russian torpedo boat de
stroyer Vlastnl, which arrived here
uuoay, in an interview said:
Port Arthur falls of exhaustion,
exhaustion not only : of ammunition,
but of men . ' . , ; . - "
'The remnant of the garrison left
had been doing, the work of heroes for
five days 'and "five nights, but y ester-
day-they reached the -limit of human
endurance. i .
:"Jn the casemate of the forts one
saw everywhere faces black with star
vation," exhaustion and nerve ' strain,
You spoke to them, but they did not
give answer, "only staring dumbly."
"The lack of ammunition alone
would have : suggested the seeking
of terms. Scant ammunition had long
been common' in the fortress, and "dur
ing the past month many of the forts
had nothing with which to return the
fire of the enemy. ; ? v v -: '
:"The Russians saFin the casemates,
firing -not more than once to the two
hundred shots" sent; by ' the Japanese.
When; the assault came they repulsed
the enemy with ' bayonets. But the
men themselves - having existed, for
three months- on reduced rations, were
so1 worn 'that it is marvelous they
stood the I final strain so long.
; "Yesterday General Stoessel would
still fight - His wound which was re
ceived early in the siege,- had been
bothering him, but his determination
to fight while one man Btood had not
been diminished. '
".'Buf we cannot fight,' said his gen
erals. Our men cannot move. They
sleep standing. They cannot see the
bayonets at their breasts. We can
order, but they cannot obey.'
V'Then ybu generals fight,' said
Stoessel.. clinched his fists.
r "He seemed fanatical oh the sub
ject, 'but fipdlly he was brought to see
reason by the insistence of his subor
dinates. Admirals Lochinsky and
Wiren, Generals Smirnoff and Fock.
fend many others, sometimes with
broken voices, urged the step which
all dreaded so long.
"The greatest loss suffered by Port
Arthur occurred a fortnight ago, when
Major General Krondratenko . was
kmed. Officers and men alike re
garded him as the brightest; star in
Port Arthur's firmament. When his
death became known, the fall in the
spirits of the soldiers was plainly vis
ible. General Kondratenko was seated
in. the casemate of a certain fort dis
cusing with seven other officers the
best 'way of countermining against
the Japanese, when an eleven-inch
shell burst, killing everybodv in the
"General Nbgi has taken Port Arthur
wiin nis artmery an.d his tunnels. His
rifle 'bullets were seldom found to be
of any use.
"We who ame here Monday do not
xnow xne terms orf(Surrenaer sugest
ed by General Stoessfel to General Nogi
nor the answer: having left Port Ar
thur even before the .messenger had
been dispatched. The general impres
sion, no weyer, is that Stoessel has
proposed that the army shall go free
and that he alone be made a prisoner.
"it is a simple story. Had the am
munition held out the fortress would
have held ouj indefinitely. For months
we held Port Arthur bv bavonets
alone, until flesh and blood could 'do
no more. When a man fell there was
none other to replace him. Thus the
garrison was gradually worn down.
Two hundred and Three-Meter Hill
alone cost us 'five thousand men. aThe
capture of that hill -was the beginning
of the end."
TEXT OF THE AGREEMENT
Tokio Wildly Joyous.
okio, By. Cable. Tokio is wildly
joyous over Gen. Nogi's teelgram an
nouncing that Gen, Stoessel had sent
a letter relating to the surrender of
Port Arthur. News ' boys crying ex
tras were the center of large crowds.
The people grabbed the papers and re
peated the cries. Thus was the news
carried throughout the city,' and with
in a few minutes the firing of aerial
and daylight rockets began in various
parts of the city. Bands appeared and i
a score of small processions formed
and surged through the principal
streets. Japan has paid a heavy price
for the Russian fortress. The pros
pect of its early posession cheered the
people as no other event of the war
has done. The Emperor's New Year's
reception and auence jto the army and
navy and officers and civil ofllcials con
tinued this morning. The news from
Port Arthur gave additional cheer to
the general exchange of congratula
- wish seeans to be that the "people he so loyally serves might know him as he
tsr-a man to dejpend on in fafcr weather or foul, a soldier to be proud of at all
Umes.-rThe" World Today. i .
s Newport News; Special. Fred West
inghouse, the small boy ' who .was shot
yesterday' at Oriana by the premature
explosion of-a- gun which was" being
loaded by a negr'o, will .-lose his eye-
His one, great sight as a result of the accident The.
shot struck him full in
etroying both eyes.
.the face, de-
I Women Are Hot
' . Selfish Fnnj&h
By John Oliver Hobbes, (Mrs. Craigie.)
L j m u ui
OMEN, where their feelings are in question,, are not selfish
TTTT II enougn, tney appraise inemseivesi not xoo aeariy, nut tar too
ff I cheaply; it is the suicidal unselfishness of women which makes
uio ooiuauuboa wri: vuu .v u vvuviui uuuiuiw ueA.ucii.viJl a
are not all misogynists, and the fact that a man remains un
married is no proof that he lis insensible to the charm of a
woman's companionship, or that he, does not have, such com
panionship, on irresponsible terms, to a most considerable de-
-i - gree. . Why should the average vain young man, egotistic
fby organtsm and education, work, hard or make sacrifices for the sake of any
particular woman, while so many are too willing-to share his life without join
Ing itr and so many more wait eagerly on his ??eps to destroy any chivalry or
tenderness he may have been bora with? ; Mo Sern . women give bachelors no
timo tojmiss -them, and no opportunity to no 1 them; their devotion, is un-
flisciplinw; and it becomes a curse:: rather ths ?r . blessing to its object Why ?
because women nave tnis strange power of .cuacentration and. self-abnegation
fn their love: they can not do enouirh to nrove thir kindnpsa ' Anrf- whan
they have done all, and .have been at no. pains to secure their own position,
they reaJtee-'-that: they -hiw. crwd through- excess of generosity shewn toward
t-lxichelors. , . v
Police Officer Shot,
Charlotte, Special.; Rural Officer S.
33. Cole, of Belmont Park, was killed
Sunday afternoon at half-past 5 o'clock
(Lnegro, Will Springs. The homicide
was committea at the rallroad crossing
near Sugar; Creek church and within
200 yards of Zioh negro church. Mr.
Cole's-son-inTlaw, Mr. H. B. Nabors, a
machinist at Liddell's, was there and
was shot also.' Ho wt seriously he was
wounded does not yet appear; it seems
though, thathe is not much hurt Mr
Cole was attempting the arrest of a
negro for the .larceny of a bicycle be
longing to another negro.
' Increased Wages For Thousands. "
Pittsburg, Special. According to in
formation from a reliable " source the
United .States Steel Corporation shows5
at the end of the quarter finished Sat
urday an increase of nearly $2,000,000
over the September o;uarter. With the
resumption of : work next Tuesday tne
wages of pver 100,000 men win be increased.
Brownlow Gets Nomination.
. ' , .
Nashville, Tenn., Special. Republi
cans of the State Legislature, In joint
caucus have nominated Hon. Walter P.
Brownlow, representative in Congress
from the first district, as their candi
date for the United States senatorship.
The Legislature is overwhelmingly
Democratic and Senator William ; B.
Bate will succeed himself."
Torpedo Boats Leave.
Chefoo, y Cable. Monday morning
tussian torpedo launches from
Port Arthur arrived here. There are
seyen Japanese torpedo boat destroyers
in the harbor.
Dr. phadwlck Not Arrested.
New York,' Special. Dr. Leroy S.
Cbadwick, husband of Cassie L. Chad
wick, arrived . in this country Satui4
day on the steamship Pretoria, ran the
gauntlet of big crowds which had wait
ed for hours to see nim, was haled to
Hoboken police headquarters and to
the recorder's court, and finally left
for Cleveland, not as a prisoner, but as
the guest of Sheriff . Barry,; who. had
come from Ohio- with a warrant for
the doctor's "arrestv which he : did not
serve. - 1 .
Stoessel Named Terms. v
Washington,' Special.The Japanese
legation received a cablegram from To
kio, saying that the negotiations ' for
the surrender- of Port Arthur had been
concluded and-that details of the terms
of surrender would be cabled later. The
cablegram said the - articles of capitu
lation were concluded at 4,o'clock Hon
aay evening. The advices received at
the Japanese legation say that Gen
ei ai in ogi acceptea tne terms' or sur-
J render proposed by General Stoessel.
st of -army
es and rank
a list of
of their re-
All Russians Taken Pris6ners, the Of
ficers Being Paroled-T-AU Forts and
. War Materials r to befTurned Over
to the Japanese Army. . S
Tokio, By Cable!--A telegram, from.
General NogTiving the text of the
captulation convention , was received
Tuesday afternoon. It is as follows: K
"Article. l.-rAU Russian soldiers,
marines, volunteers, also government
officials at the garrison and harbor, of
Port Arthur, are taken prisoners. -
"Article 2. All forts, batteries, war
ships, other ships . and boats, arms,
ammunition, horses," all materials for"
hostile use, government buildings and
all "objects belonging to the Russian
government shall be transferred to the
Japanese - army Jn -.their existing con
dition. . - ' .
"Article S. On the preceedlng two
conditions being assented to, as a guar
antee for the fulfillment thereof the
men garrisoning . the forts and 'the
batteries Ton this . mountain, : Sungshu ,
Mountain, Antse Mountain and the- line
of eminences southeast therefrom shall
be removed by noon' of January 5, and.
the same, shall be transferred to the
Japanese army. -:
"Article 4. Should Russian military
or naval men be deemed to have de
stroyed objects named in articled "or
to have caUsed V alteration; in any way
in their condition at the existing time
the signing of this compact and the
negotiations shall be annulled and the
Japanese army will take free action.
"Article 5. The Rusian military and
naval authorities shall prepare and
transfer to the Japanese army a table
showing the fortifications of Port Ar
thur and their respective positions,
and maps showing the location of
mmes, underground and sub-marineJ
and all other dangerous objects; also
a table showing the composition' and
system of the army and naval ser
vices at Port Arthur, a
and navy officers with na:
and duty of said officer!
army steamers warships
ships with the number
spective crews; a list of civilians,
showing the,- number oi men and wo
men, their races and occupations.
"Article 6. Arms, including those
carried on the person; ammunition,
war ' materials, government buildings,
objects owned by, the government,
horses, warships and other ships, in
cluding their contents, excepting pri
vate property, shall be left in their
present positions and the commission
ers of the Russian and Japanese army
shall decide upon the method of their
"Article 7. The Japanese army, con-,
sidering tlfe 'gaftaht resistance offered
by the Russian fanny' as being honor
able, will permit the; officers of ' the
Russian army- and natyras, well as of-;
swords and to take with them private
property directly necessary for the
maintenance of life. The -previously-mentioned
officers, officials and volun
teers who will sign a written parole
pledging that they will not take up
arms and in nowise take action con
trary to the Interests of the Japanese
army until the close of the- war will
receive the cbnsent of the Japanese
army to return to their country. Each
army and navy officer will be allowed
one servant, and such servant will be
specially released on signing the par
"Article 8. Non-commissioned offi
cers and privates of i both army and
navy and volunteers shall wear their
uniforms and, 'taking portable tents
and necessary private property, and
commanded by their Respective offi
cers shall assemble at such places as
may be indicated by the Japanese army.-
The Japanese commissioners wlil
decide the necessary details therefor.
"Article 9. The sanitary corps and
the accountants belonging to the Rus
sian army and navy shall be retained
by the Japanese while their , services
are deemed necessary for the caring
for the sick and wounded Asoldters.
During such time such corps shall be
required to render service under di
rection, of the military corps and ac
countants of the Japanese army.
"Article 10. The treatment to be ac
corded to the residents, the transfer of
books and documents relating to mun
icipal administration and finance and
also detailed files necessary for the
enforcement of this compact shall be
embodied in a supplementary com
pact. The supplementary compact shall
have force as this compact
"Article 11. One copy each df this
compact shall be prepared for the Jap
anese and Russian armies, and it shall
have immediate effect upon signature
REPORT fS UPHELD
Goto nraentiOf f ic&ls Xlaioi Accuracy
v For Cotton Figures
BURLESON SIDES WITH BI$E
Director North Sets Forth His Post-
lion in a kcucr ui uie ibah m'ir ,
' 1 ' ' J- . ... .. . .
ber.of. Congress at w nose jinsiance
the Provision .Was Jnsterted in the :
Census Act Says, the Bureau Can
not Compete With - the Proposed
Ginners Association iind . That Spec
ulators' High Estimate Would Again
Prevail-r-M r. Burleson fExpresses
His and t Senator Baileys 14Poncuiv
rence.';1.-:'--v;-v:"r- ' '
No Action Taken. r
Memphis, Special. A special to The
Commercial-Appeal from N,ewport,
Ark., says that no action will be taken
by the authorities of - the town in con
nection with the I lynching last Satur
day of Louis Allwhite for the murder
of two women. The coroner's jury
holding an inquest over the body j. of
Ailwhite found that the deceased
"came to" his death at the hands : of
an unknown mob." v
Speaker of North Carolina House.
- Raleigh, N. C, Special. Owen ;H.
Guion, of Newbern, was named for
Speaker of the House of the Legisla
ture by the' Democrats, who have 98
of the 120 members, Guion, was placed
in nomination by W.J P. Wood, second
ed by A.. W. Graham. The nomina
tion was made by a rising vote. The
House, Democratic caucus, presided
over by John S. Cunningham, chose
Frank D. Hackett for. chief clerk? and
P. B. Arendell for reading clerk, the
latter having no opposition. The sen
ate Democratic caucus chose A.- J
Maxwell for chief .clerk, John W.
Simpson of Rutherfordton, engrossing
yclerk; Brown Pegram, of Raleigh, for
sergeant-at-arins; R.; W. Stanley, of
Wilkes, assisstant door-keeper.
v Sail for Hamburg.
. -Newport - News, Va., . Special. The
German steamship Adria sailed f of
Hamburg' Tuesday with two of the
Lake sub-marine boats which are said
to be consigned to -the Rusian govern
ment. The delay in the - Adria's de
parture has, been explained. The ves
sel was' held up by an agent for the
underwriters, : who Insisted upon the
sub-marines being more .securely fast
ened to the decks, fearing" that rough
seasr might cause damage- to" the boats
by dislocating the mechanical parts.
Washington, i SpeciaL Director of
the Census North, in a letter, to Repre-
seniauve JOUneBUii, uioue jiuwn;, ua.M.i;a
notice of the situation presented by the
cotton statistics given out for publica
tion Thursday, and expresses his ; sur
nrisai TiflfTiprn at theTeceirt alleged
movement in the Southern States "ap
parently L approved and t augmented by
the cotton .growers- themselves," to de- .
stroy the census reports by concerted
refusal, of the ginners to make returns.
Director North asserts that a continu
ance of the cotton ginning reports is
impossible without the systematic and .
Whole-hearted co-operation of the gin-,
ners of the South. Immediately, after
the receipt of the letter,' Mr. Burleson,
a member of the House census-ieominit-tee,
and the author, of the provision,
making appropriation for the gathering
of cotton statistics, gave out" an" inter
view in which he upholds the director
in the work, now being done by his
bureau. The letter is as follows:
"Washington, Dec 1904.
"Hon. Albert S. Burleson, House of
Representatives. ;-V '
"My Dear Sir: It seems proper.' t
invite your attention to certain anom
alous conditions which confront - the
Census Office in carrying out the pro
visions of section 9 of the act to es
tablish a permanent Census Offices di
recting the periodical collection of ; the
statistics of cotton, productibn through
the agency of the ginners. This pro
visioi was inserted in the law at your
urgent request ' and ' that of other.
Southern Representatives on the ea
that it was necessary for the - pf oteo
tion of the cotton producers against
the speculators -and others interested
in depressing the price of thev staple
for their own profit It was stated
that enormous losses resulted fronv the
untrustworthy estimates -' put forth
every year by speculators and agents
of the Liverpool market and that early
and trustworthy official information
regarding the. size of the crop 'would
protect the grower,' disarm the specu
lator and market manipulator!, and per
mit the law of; supply a4d demand to
regulate the price. s
ACCURACY UNQUESTIONED, i
"Since the law was passed. Congress
has appropriated -and this officer has
disbursed more than 1125,000 a year in
the. collection and dissemination of
this; information. The system has been
J , m . . j 4 a .... .
srauuaiiy penectea unui it nas oe-
come more nearly perfect than v any
similar plan for obtaining exact
knowledge of the size of any agricul
tural crop during the, progress of har
"No complaint has been made 'that'
the census reports are not accurate:;
indeed, for a year or two past we have
been able to trace the crop so closely i
that practically . every bale ;has been
accounted for.- e ,
"The statistics increase in value ev
ery year; for it becomes possible, by
comparison of the statistics of one year
with those of the same date in pro
ceeding years, to judge the size of
successive crops with an accuracy
never before known-or approximated.
"The ginning reports of the Census
Office have crowded out the specula
five and interested estimates referred
to, and the single object which the
Southern Representatives had in view
in urging this legislation has been
GINNER&' MOVE' DEPRECATED, j
i t i T I a i1 i. j Y 1 1
ixi view ui inese iacis, i uare uecxi
surprised and conserned at. the pres-
ent movement in the Southern States
which is abDarently approved and aus-j
niented by the cotton growers their4
selves, to destroy the census reports
by the concerted refusal of the gin-j
ners to make the' returns upon which
they are based. Thus far the move-f
ment has not seriously affected ourj
work, but if it continues and spreads,'
it will necessarily , destroy its value
during the coming year. . It appears to
have . been suddenly discovered that '
these reports, undertaken solely at the
demand of the cotton grower,! are
highly detrimental to his interests. Mr.
E. F. Webber, president of the Mem-;
phis cotton exchange, is quoted as de
claring that 'the cotton interests of
the South have everything to lose and
nothing vto gain by their continuance;
they put , the manufacturing interests
in possession of information that is
"My attention has been called to the
Association,' the purpose of which is
stated to be 'to gather r accurate and
reliable information regarding the
amount of cotton produced, in advpnee
oi the government report. llt also ap-
nears tnat tnis lnrormation is to De
Bent in code and the members of sthe
association will be sworn not to di
vulge it' ; The information Is still
Is to be , restricted to those who grow
and gin the- cotton.. - -. (
' 1 Japs Entered Tuesday. ,
Tokio,- By Cable. The text of Gen
eral Nogi's telegram announcing the
capitulation of the Russian forces at
i Port Arthur is as follows: "The pleni
potentiaries of both, parties concluded
their" negotiations Monday at 4 : 30
o'clock. The Russian commissioners'
accepted on' th e whole the stpulaf i o qs
of the Japanese. TheV document has
-been prepared and signatures ar now
being affixed. Simultaneously with the
conclusion of negotiations, both armies
suspended hostilities. It is expected
that the Japanese army will enter the
city of Port Arthur Tuesday' ,