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Vol. II. No. 17.
Salisbury, N. C, Wednesday, April 18, Iqob.
Wm, H. Stewart, Editor.
IUUIQRANTS FOR THE SOUTH.
MGCKSYILLE AND DAVIE COUNTY.
THE REIGN OF PUBLIC OPINION.
LEXINGTON ANO DAVIDSON COUNTY.
STATESYILLE AND IREDELL COUNTY.
ALBEUARLE AND STANLY COUNTY.
- - - - - -. -.5--
. . i.
The Right of the Sooth to Insist Upon Har
. log NoneSaie tbe Best.
Robert De C. "Ward in the Tradesmao, July
That thousands of our immi
grants are not healthy and fit is
proved beyond question. That
many are not honest and indus
trious is shown by tin f act there
are now 44,985 aliens supported
or confined in the charitable or
penal institutions of .our coun
try, of whom 20,485 are insane
and 9,825 are criminals.
It is evident that much of our
present, immigration is as unfit on
the farm as in the city ; that it is
of low vitality, poor phsique, very
ignorant, often diseased, mentally
deficient and of criminal tenden
cies; by reason of its much lower
standard of living entering into
unhealthy competition with Amer
The people of the south are now
in a positon to exercise a deter
mining influence upon the charac
ter of the future American race.
The railroads are ready to distrib
ute over the Southern states many
unhealthy, shiftless and unfit
aliens from northern city slums,
and are planning to carry on this
distribution . on a vastly larger
scale, T by taking the newly-arrived
immigrants?, directly . from the
L steanlhipsHlf such a wholesale
cpitllojwed lo go "-on without a
p!&Iirt of tfilnth,
pean govern nrents -wili nv good
- reasons .ip. congratulate " them
selvesV Bofe , the . people of the
. splath musiealize that such a dis-
itt;not ive them Jhe3a
met r willSWt
the Ameriean ice ;of;the fuiiW
'h'st Witiase head-tax means
f owoitoSoeJifib fund;" and
he lower clep Hence, that means more effective admin
; ike ffouth touli rbecome a strone istration of existing laws and
for it cannot :jfail to -pee" that the
upon anO; -jpwinierijr. o me
" Obviouslyantlligently directed
r; mTi -zi r; . ii
J.:L'dlz4.J- i UV) .a a an immiGrrant do not; dnnAnr) nnnn
-. -;4 -W--..-. r.i.;- oKii;.r improved in tone w.th
tnoiwanas Tinneaviiny,; sniiineBs fj - number.0f yearBt and
and upno immigrants is -a nuraeni mvuej uu mm, uuuesiraoie own for geVertl
cranbS is most bbbuuwui, uuu tuo
rimmieriri&Mt be sent where
.T' - - w - - -
lui-n4 -aV wIi.aK .hoir
jbuvj n.t t. ; - -w i
fe Dhvfiically and mentally tted
s.wiC'-" . . '
to tperferm;: This country needs ciuaea uyiaw. iney wouia ne ex
MM rina hnf. hnnAfik in- eluded if detectedeven if they
nd?1mt none but honestV in-
V " : ; lrlo intelligent, healthy and
- ; " fit mmigri Any readable
5 i;t;ii.K ohall inVoare
tKSlttDhvsical as wellw
'.T-v-.rx-v"f -!5f ------
m on f a1 of cif&X im migration . and
VAdlnce thedliilttitr to the point
: . o aai ri T t.Tnn . nh6nld.be
finnnorted. Uur immigration
should , be amended, rand thp
should be addition to the excinded
lv - 4
A head-tax of 50 cents on eacn
immigrant was imposed by act of
congress in 100. jl was iuei
raised to $1, and the act of March
8, 1003, increased it to $2 . This
money is paid by the steamship
companies, and is simply added
to the price of the passage ticket.
The; immigrant himself knows
nothing of the payment. . -i n
head-tax is paid mto tne 'tne
United States treasury, forming
whit it known as tha "immigrant
fund," and is spent m maintain
ing Jhe immigration service,
This head-tax should be increased
Tka nhiflf feftson for ad
Wnftatincr tmoh an increase is that
we have no other 'means of keep
ihff the steerage passage rate to
the United States at a figure which
A Few Short Items ot Etents Occurring
Oier tie Line.
Mockaville Courier, April 12th. .
Little Lucy Bryant, of Coolee
mee, a bright and popular second
grade pupil in school, died last
The commencement of Goolee.
mee Graded School will take place
May the 19th and 20th, This
commencenment bids fair to be
the best one in the history of the
Thos. A. Brunt, one of Far
mington's largest farmers, has
been adjudged insane and appli
cation has been made to the
proper authorities to have him
placed in the Hospital at Mor
Rev. Vincent Walker, of Center,
celebrated his 90th birthday
Thursday, April 5th, with a din
ner, words fail to describe and a
family reunion, there being only
four of his children absent. It
was an enjoyable occasion for
each and every one of 'the fifty
or more who were present. Rev.
Walker is, we believe, the only
man in the county having sons
living who fought under the Stars
Don't forget to renew your sub
scription for The Watchman when
in the city.
brings it somewhere near the rate
ig South America and other coun-
1 tries to which immigrants are
iikely to go. When a steamship
war is on, the steerage rates may
drop to $1Q, or evea less, as they
did in the summer of 1904, and as
tney. seem--UKeiys to yao again
Qtf WAB f Via aaoa loaf, tfaq
W HQ; II.H9 VUW VitgO AfAW J VIVA g
objected to an increase head-tax
that the honesty and character of
I nonAna niimina la tni nvn v nln
vuDw"a "o oAauipw,
might easily pay the tax. In
answer to tnis objection it need
Dnlv be ported out that the higher
i - w,.n,wW.v.w
Uor tne other restrictive clauses of
I . . t t .
existing law : 1C is to t)e aflaea to
nem, urimmais are already ex-
'lljai 1 mi til.. .
cluueu " aewowa even 11 tney
could pay the larger head-tax. It
is not proposed as a revenue
measure. It is intended as a
means the only means within our
passage above the level of pauper
rates. The United States should
"v,u wo wurou uj " MimuiBiouw,
fsit now often is, because it is . the
cheapest country to go to. It
snouia oe seiectea because it is
Uhe best, and the Jbest is worth
paying tor. A head-taxjof $25
fl8 not desirable years ago. It
i)eo6me8"more and more necessary
las -tne increasing tacilities of land
ad water transportation make it
easier and cheaper to ' come here.
Furthermore, it is absurd to say
that the added:he&d-tax would act
aa a permanent and insuperable
barrier to inany, desirable aliens,
fqr any hard-working and ambit-
i0UB man or woman who wanted
to come here could learn the extra
money. It would doubtless deter
- nrany of the Bhiftless and incom
petnut, and it would prevent such
shipments, of paupers and crimi-
- nal 8 as are now known to have
been made, with the connitauce,
- if not at the direct expense of the
(To be Continued,.)
tlen Who Fear Nothing Else Cower Befo't
the Jodgaent of Public Opinion.
Biblical Recorder. .
One of of the most impressive
things is the responsiveness of all
men to Public Opinion. Men of
the greatest powers cower before
the judgment of their fellows
Even likewise nations. For Pub
lic - Opinion forced Japan and
Russia to make peace. That was
the point of the. diplomacy in
dulged in'by the plenipotentiaries,
and Russia succeeded in putting
Japan in the position cf continu
ing the war for mere money.
Japan could not stand that' be
cause it would forfeit her cherish
ed claims among the civilized
nations. The-princes, of Ameri
can commerce and; the bosses of
American politics have lately gone
down in a heap before Public
Opinion. Mr. Rockefeller never
spoke a word in defence of himself
until it appears that the American
people were about to repudiate,
his benevolence on account
of their suspicion that he had
made it unfairly. We believe he
will yet come into court and give
testimony rather than endure the
present Judgment of the People
Judgment not unlike that which
killed John A. McCall. Senator
Depew, rich and proud, has been
plunged into melancholia by Pub
Men can endure their own self
reproaches, men can defy God;
but men cannot endure the Judg
ment of the Public.
The organ of Public Opinion is
the newspaper and the editor. If
we do not look well to our papers,
if we do not repudiate the evil
minded men, that would conduct
o.itr newspapers witfrmost i ealSu
issued m behalf of special 'in
i foroafa Kn h harmra laonad in Kaliolf
I VU VW RlWTWVSW.&J JbjU WUMIAA.
of personal ha.te. 'Newspapers are
as human as the men that make
The back ' and plates in the
Weaver piano are built along the
lines of the old high grade artistic
instruments, many of which were
use for a
manufacturers of the Weaver piano
have ncympa thy with the modern
idea of reducing the weight of the
piano, to sa ve. the freight and a
tew aoiiars in tne cost ot manu
facturing, at the expense of the
staying qualities of the piano.
I mi J .11 a1
ine comDinwa pressure oi an me
strings in a piano when properly
tuned up amount to about twenty
tons. Weakness in construction
disappoints many a customer who
purchases a piano with many of
the features of a strictly high grade
instrument, but which soon be
comes weak and. metallic in tone
and doesnot have the ricuditv to
kee jn tuue an 0 keep, the en-
j tire structure in proper position,
so as o allow the action to work
freely and properly throughout
the life of the piano. Purchasers
of the Weaver pianos do not have
this risk. All improvements of
value that have been developed by
modern methods have been adapt
ed for the Weaver piano, and old
time strength and durability are
studiously maintained. Ask for
Weaver Organ fe Piano Co.,
Manufacturers, York, Pa.
Picnic at Barrier Springs.
Miss Lucy Barrier gave a picnio
Easter Monday at Barrier Springs
near- uol a Knob, mere were
several present besides those living
in the vicinity : among them were r
Miss Maggie Philips, "from Con
cord: Mias Martha Palmer, from
Palmersville : Miss Foust, Cres
cent; Misses Dora end Mollie Wil
helm, from Providence ; ' Messrs.
Shaver and Park,, from Crescent;
S. T. Trexler, from Salisbury ; H,
C. Park. Mt. Pleasant; E. A.
Goodman and Rufus Trexler, of
the Goodman and Arey Develop
ing Co. " Everyone had a good
Work Has Begia oq the Sootbboood.
Siaithet Spain Dead.
L&exington Diapttteb, April 11th.
Messrs. L. B. Edwards and R.
Maxwell, of the A, & M. College,
Raleigh, have been employed as
civil engineers for the new electric
railway between Thomasville and
Greensboro. They- have already
begun the survey and will con
tinue it till completed.
Two sons of Ned Rachael, of
Bain, are dead with consumption.
One of the deceased was 30 years
of age and the other 24. Seven of
this family have died with the
same disease. The names of the
two who are ' the last to die are
Numa and Rome.
Sext Tuesday evening, April
17th, at 8 o'clock. M. V, Richards,
of Washington, land and indus
trial agent for the Southern Rail
way, will address the citizens of
Lexington on industrial subjects.
Mr. Richards comes here by invi
tation of . the Lexington Board of
An unusual happening was a
fish sale at the depot Sunday
morning, when shad sold for a
shilling a piece and croakers at five
cents each. There was a consign
ment of two boxes for Joe Ham-
mer, nut tney arrived too late to
be handled Saturday night and
the express agent disposed of
Although in several of the sur
rounding counties politics has al
ready reached the boiling point so
far everything is quiet iu David-
son, and no arrangements nave as
y. t been made. The only politi
cal news we have heard as regards
e&ndidates is that G. pastor Han-
kins will beiin the race for the
nomination for representative.
Mr. Hankins. has served one term
in the house and has made a good
Monday a force of hands began
work on the Southbound Rail
way and we are now promised that
the construction of the road will
be pushed with all possible speed.
The contract for the first section
of the road was awarded on Mon
dav to rruden and .Bennett, con-
tractors, of Atlanta, who at once
placed a force on the line and
work began. As fast as the right
of wav can be secured the road
will be built towards Lexington.
Monday morning at 4:35 o'clock
the first section of fast freight
No, 72, north bound, was wrecked
a little more than a mile north of
town. Thirteen cars were derail
ed, eleven of which were thrown
down a 25- foot embankment and
wrecked, in some instances be
yond repair. Two cars, although
off the rails, remained on the
track. The engine, with twelve
cars, remained on the rails, as did
the caboose and four cars, None
of the tram ciew were injured.
Smithet Spain, an aged citizen
of Lin wood died at . his home last
Wednesday and was buried at
Jersey church on Thursday, Mr.
Spain was a native of England
and came to this country 32 years
ago. He n ret made nis nome in
Richmond, Va., and then came to
this county. JBEe was in his 82nd
year, une cniid cniid survives
him, Mrs. Matilda Smith, of Lm-
wood, and Mrs. Spain is also liv
ing. Mr. Spain's death is due in
part to old age, but a short time
atzo he fell down the stairs at his
home and this hastened the end.
Mr. I3pain was a man of consider
able wealth and leaves a large es
tate. Mr, Spain lived in Salis
bury for a time several years" ago
and will be remembered, by a
number of our people. Ed. J
The 'Sunday quiet in Lexington
ized tnd the Bell Opposed.
Stateaville Landmark, April 13th.
Mrs. Annie Upright, wife of Mr.
Samuel Upright, died at her home
in Amity section yesterday morn
ing at 10 o'clock.
A degree team from the local
ledge of Odd Fellows will go to
Taylorsville the latter part of the
week to establish a lodge of the
Work was commenced yesterday
afternoon on the brick founda
tions which will support the can
non to be placed on either side of
the Confederate monument.
A crane measuring six feet long
from tip-to tip was exhibited on
the street here Saturday and ex-
cited a good deal.-of curiosity,
The bird was killed on Fifth creek
by a negro, who shot merely to
frighten, but accidentally killed
Franklin M. Miller died Mon
day of this week at his home in
Shiloh townshin. after an illness
of three months. He was 77
years, t montns and i days old.
mm mm -v
The directors of the Statesville
Flour Mills have decided to in
crease the capacity of their mill
66$ per cent, giving the mill a
capacity of 400 barrels daily. The
additional machinery has been
ordered an i will be ready to be
placed by the middle of May.
established a wholesale
clothing house business in States,-
vine bix moniDs ago, nas me wixn
fine success. . The business has
grown to such an extent that more
space is necessary and for some
titoe the tiom pan yihas been see
mg larger quarters. :
The following resolution, offer-:
ed by Mr. Eugene Morrison, was
unanimously adopted :
'"The citizens of Statesville in
masa meeting assembled do
"Resolve, That we are unalter
ably opposed to the Bell Tele
phone Company owning the only
telephone system inStatesville and
Iredell county; that we are un
alterably opposed to any com-,
promise by which they may ob
tain control of the only system
bere, and that Messrs. H. P,
Grier and R. V. Brawley be and
are hereby authorized to apply
for a franchise and charter, and
that an independent telephone
system be put in as soon as it is
possible to do so.
A Young U other at 70.
"My Mother has suddenly been
made youug at 70. Twenty years
of intense suffering f rom dypepsia
had entirely disabled her, until
six months ago, when she began
taking Electric Bitters, which
have completely cured her and re
stored the strength - and activity
she had in the prime of life,"
writes Mrs. W. L. Gilpattick, of
Danforth, Me. Greatest restora
tive medicine on the globe. Sets
Stomach, Liver and Kidneys
right, purifies the blood, and cures
Malaria, Biliousness and Weak-
nesses. Wonderful Nerve Tonic.
Price 50. Guaranteed by all drug
wasudely disturbed on Sunday
afternoon by a row among the
negroes in the negro quarters, in
which Odell Lowe, a son of Lind
say Lowe, shot Alex Hargrave.
The ball f rom a 82 calibre pistol
passed through the fleshy part of
the arm. through the necrro's coat
and underclothes, stopping when
. 7 o , c?
it 8 truck the skin, dropping out
afterwards on the court houso steps
when he came to swear out the
warrant. Lowe was bound over
undr $200 bond, which he gave.
A Rowan lfao Burned Oat, A Negro Acci
Stanly Enterprise, April mh.
J. P. Harper, of Salisbury, team
contractor, has returned to Whit
ney after several days absence in
St. Louis where he has been
to purchase stock. Mr. Harper
brought back with him some excel
lent mules and a" number of Ken
tucky bred horses.
Mrs. Nannie Harper,- mother of
J. P, Harper and Mrs. J. W.
Davis, after spending some time
at Whitney, has returned to her
home in Kentucky.
The house known as the Chas.
Palmer house near Ebenezer
church was burned last Wednesday,-
Mr. Rekihart, of Rook well,
was living there. Nearly every
thing was burned. Some of the
children leaped from windows
upstairs. The origin of the fire is
unknown. Another house will
be erected soon.
Brantley, the youngest son of
Mr. and Mrs. David Reeves was
kioked bv a Hor8e Saturday noon
just as he went to unhitch. He
was plowing near Ebenezer church.
The horse kicked him below the
heart and on the hand. He was
carried home and all was done that
was possible, but Sunday evening
about 10 o'clock the last ray of j
hope ceased the golden chord oi
life was a kind, loving obedient
ohild. He will be greatly missed
in the home and among friends.
flfa.nHhMlr. l w -
cideatally 8not at Whitney near
Nrt ft aWAl-flatnwUv. Aril 7th
by one Mack McCrary, col., who
who was firing his Tver Johnson
at Supt. Kenny.. Stand-
attempting to escape from- the
.vojuminons firing hi the two men
when he was overtaken by a pistol
ball fired by Mcrary, entering un
derneath his right ear finding
lodgment somewhere near the left
ear. Standback was sent to the
Good Samaritan hospital at Char
lotte. McCrary took to tbe woods
after going to Hall & Co.'s Store
and purchasing a number of car
tridges to refill his Iver Johnson,
but was' overtaken in less than
two honrs fcime jbejow Lowders'
Ferry two miles from 'here. He
was confined in the county jail
pending the result of Standback's
S. M. Kirk desires us to say
that the Falls on Easter Monday
will be arrayed in all of its bid
time glory, and that a picnio,
eclipsing all former records is
The Ladies' Aid Society of the
Methodist church of JSTew London
will give on Easter Moday night
an oyster and fish supper, for the
benefit of the parsonage. Jjfar
correspondent requested this an-
nouncement last week but belated
mails failed to place the notice'
before us in time. .
passed into a state
of ' innocuous
desuetude and a new paper is ap-
pointed to phoenix like, spring
from itg ajhe8 Editor g A Un.
some cause, have been retire i and
Z. B. Sandersrthe quondam edi
tor. aeain assumes the tripod to
be the talisman of restoration.,
This is very good evidence that the
campaign is now on, '
A Badlf Boraed lri '
or boy, man ox,woman,?is qnjckly
i w v ; m
I Salve' is'Applied pro
Wolch. oCTekunsha, Mich., says:
'I use it in my family for cuts,,
sores and all skin injuries, and
fiad it perfect." Quickest .,PiJe
cure known. Best healing salve
25c a$ all drug stores