IFaiiit mid ;
Inexpensive Filters For Purifying and
Filtering It For Household Use.
One of the problems on the farm Is
how to obtain an ample supply of good,
Clear water. It Is not so easy to pro
vide well or spring water with a
filter, but cistern water may be easily
purified by means ef one or more sim
ple devices which may be of home
construction. Much dirt in the way
Vf soot, leaves, dead insects, droppings
from birds and pollen from trees Is
washed into the cistern unless some
means are taken to prevent it. The
simplest arrangement Is to have a
movable section In the leader which
can be turned to let the rain wash the
dirt on to the ground. Then after the
KtQ. I A. SXHPXiB BBICK 7UTKSL.
roof Is cleaned the balance of the rain
can go Into the cistern. This Is ob
jectionable in that It needs to be look
ed after during every rain, and fre
quently all the water will be lost.
The Blmplest form of filter is to
build a partition through the cistern,
laying up a soft brick wall in cement,
as shown In Fig. 1. This will ordinari
ly give satisfaction if the impurities
.which collect on the receiving side of
the wall are removed occasionally. An
other and better form of filter is shown
In Fig. 2. In this case the cut is sup
posed to represent a hundred barrel cis
tern and a filter of twenty-five barrels
capacity. They are built of either con
crete or brick, well cemented on the
The filter is flat bottomed and is half
filled with charcoal, sand and gravel
In layers, the charcoal being placed
in the bottom. The leader which comes
from the roof should enter the filter
on only a slight angle. The material
in the filter will need to be removed
occasionally' and replaced with fresh
charcoal, sand and graveL
When a cistern Is built It should be
water tight so as to prevent contamina
tion from ground water during the wet
season as well as to prevent leakage
of water that runs into It from the roof,
and if a well is to be dug or drilled it
should be located upon higher ground
than the house, barn and outbuildings
and some distance from the latter. The
principal troubles that may be traced
to an Impure or contaminated water
supply are, as a rule, intestinal troubles,
the most dangerous being typhoid fe
Ter. The most common as well as the
most dangerous contamination of the
drinking water comes from the cess
pool. Every precaution should be tak
en in locating the well to plaee it so as
p prevent as nearly as may be any
possibility of contamination.
' There are as many, if not more, of the
germ diseases that may be transmitted
by water as by any other means, and
some of the diseases are so uniformly
transmitted by the water supply that
they are known as water borne dis
ease. Typhoid fever Is such a disease,
as well as some of the other forms of
Intestinal troubles. If disease may be
carried by water, It Is of the greatest
Importance that every precaution
should be taken to Insure a pure water
A hasty examination of a water is of
iVery little benefit and may often be
entirely misleading. A water may be
clear, free from any sediment or odor
Via. n GOABOOAIi A2TD GSAVEZi vii-tmh.
and may taste good and still be dan
gerous for drinking purposes. A chem
ical analysis, supplemented when nec
essary by a bacteriological examina
tion, is needed to determine the quality
of a given sample of water for domes
tic purposes. One examination is not
always sufficient to decide the fitness
of the water, as contamination is more
likely to take place at one time of the
year than another.
t The amount of rainfall will influence
(very considerably the bacterial con
tents of water from shallow wells or
poorly constructed cisterns. During
the heavy spring rains the number of
bacteria reaches an enormous figure
and decreases again as the dry season
progresses. An of thebacteria that are
found in the water are not dangerous,
but if drainage and other conditions'
allow contamination from outside
sources there Is always an opportunity
Cor the introduction of disease produc
All persons indebted to the
Barber Buggy fe Wagon Co. are
hereby notified to call at the office
of said company on Council St.
and settle. The time" on notes,
mortgages and accounts will not
be extended . so plesase call and
make . nrompt settlement.. Suit
will be instituted against all who
fail to comply.'
yK. Is. Thompson,
A. B. Watson,
John J. Stewart.
i , s. . . i -sr fv jtw -r i a
Forethought , and Intelligent . Super
vision Insure a Good Lawn.
Great care should be taken by the
gardener with his lawn. It Is the can
vas upon which he' will painl his flow
er bed pictures and landscape effects.
To be successful he must prepare his
canvas well. " '
The ' first thing is to grade the
ground, smoothing rough surfaces,
making proper level stretches and gen
tle slopes. If possible, the lawn should
slope from the house. The grading
should . be done so as to distribute
evenly all surface water, avoiding the
formation of little runs which might
The soil should be enriched with a
liberal supply of well rotted manure.
This Is essential where the soli is -lacking
in humus; otherwise bone meal or
other good fertilizer is "useful, and ma
nure often contains the seed of weeds.
The ground should be plowed or spad
ed not less than eight Inches deep, re
moving all the stones and similar ma
terial, and the surface made as smooth
as possible. Then it is ready for sow
ing. One of the best mixtures fox the
lawn is four parts Kentucky blue .grass
with one part of white clover, sown
not less than five bushels to the acre.
Equally good results are usually ob
tained by the use of redtop In place
of the blue grass or with equal parts
of redtop and blue grass and a little
white clover. When moisture Is plen
tiful the blue grass forms a softer turf
than the redtop, but does not seem to
endure drought so well. In shady
places the blue grass mixture is best.
Nothing but pure seed should be sown.
It is well to be liberal with the seed,
not to scatter It too thinly and to re
seed portions that come up poorly.
Easy to Raise and Profitable if Prop
Brussels sprouts may be easily
grown in the ordinary home vegetable
garden. The plant Is a close refative of
the cabbage and cauliflower, but in
stead of producing a single head forms
a number of small ones in the axils of
the leaves, and these heads are called
sprouts and are the edible part of the
vegetable. The sprouts average one or
two Inches in diameter.
The seed should be sown in the open
ground as early as the weather per
mits. When the plants are three inches
high they should be transplanted or
thinned out into rows twenty-four to
thirty Inches apart and about two feet
apart in the row. The plants must be
well watered after they have been
As the small sprouts begin to crowd
the leaves should be broken from the
stem to give the small heads more
room, A few leaves should be left at
the top of the stem where the new
heads are formed.
In warm climates the plants may be
left In the open ground all winter, the
heads being removed as desired, but
in more northern latitudes plants that
are well laden with heads are taken up
when frost comes and set close to
gether In a pit or cellar or? a "cold
frame" or bed covered with glass.
With a little soli packed about their
roots thejEknay in this way be kept all
winter, being used when needed. When
boiled or stewed with cream they are
A Crop That Pays Well For Very Llt
' tie Outlay and Work.
The best crop, counting 'expense of
growing and amount of land used, Is
pieplant Procure some roots of the
Linnaeus variety that Is early, tender
and, while growing very large. Is less
add than many other kinds.
. Prepare the bunches by putting five
or six stalks In a bunch, tying it se
curely at the butts of stalks and again
around the leaves just above the
stems; then with a sharp knife cut off
a portion of the leaves, leaving about
a third of the green leaf on the stalk.
It will wilt less quickly with a part of
the leaf on than with the 'whole leaf
or where only the stalk has been left
The rows should be six feet apart
and plants four feet in row. The only
work expended on it is to cultivate two
or three times early in the season and
hoe it once, in the fall the rows are
covered with a mulch of strawy ma
nure. Pull it late, in the day, tie and trim
the leaves, then pack It In sixty quart
berry crates. It does not wilt as much
if crowded in tightly.
Rhubarb may be made to yield about
$38 to $40 an acre per month.
8praying Potato Vines.
The number of sprayings it will be
necessary to give potatoes depends
somewhat upon the season. If rainy
weather prevails It will be necessary
to spray more frequently than If It be
comparatively dry, not only because
the rain will wash the spray material
off the vines, but also because damp
weather is favorable to the develop
ment of the disease. A good general
rule is to begin spraying when the
vines are about six inches high and
spray every ten days or two weeks
throughout the season. W. J. Green.
Alfalfa and Water.
To grow alfalfa we must first of all
provide a soil which Is dry by nature
or, which is underdralned. If we dig
a post hole four feet deep and find wa
ter we may know that alfalfa will not
grow there. There Is an old saying
which expresses this, "Alfalfa will not
grow, with wet feet" Though it seeks
water In a deeper soil and the roots
penetrate very deeply indeed in an old
field, we must not expect it to grow
where the water rises to within four
feet of the surface.
; Bucklen's Arnica Salve Wins.
Tom Moore, of Rural Route 1,
Cochran, Ga., writes: ."I had a
sore come on the instep of my
foot and, could find nothing that
would heal it until I applied
Bucklen's Arnica Salve, Less than
half of a 25 cent box won the day
forme affecting a perfect cure."
Sold under guarantee at all dru&r
DR.KING'S NEW DISCOVERY
Will Surely Stop That Cecjiu
THE WOOD LOT.
Devices For Making the Cutting of
Timber Less Laborious.
The increase of interest in timber
raising, makes the consideration of
any devices of aid to the woodcutter
of Interest The accompanying sketch
shows a support or guide for a saw,
which may readily be attached to a
log or timber with ordinary tools . to
NEW LOG SAWINO DEVICE.
facilitate the sawing of the log. The
details of this attachment are shown.
Says the Scientific American: "The at
tachment consists of a clamp adapted
to be secured to the handle (A) of an
ordinary ax. The clamp comprises
two Jaws (B), through which a bolt Is
passed. The upper end of this bolt
terminates In a support The support
consists of two parallel arms, between
which a roller (O) Is mounted to rotate.
The bolt which passes through the
jaws of the clamp Is fitted with a wing
nut and by turning this nut the Jaws
may be pressed together on the handle
of the ax. In use the ax Is driven into
the log, and the clamp is then made
fast with the support, standing ver
tically. The saw is then guided be
tween the arms of the support, and
the back of the saw rests on the roller.
With the saw thus supported and
guided, it may be operated In the
usual manner to saw through the log.
The roller may be mounted near the
outer end of the support or close to the
Jaws. In the former case the saw will
operate between the roller and the
jaws, and the support must be mount
ed to project downward. In order to
permit of removing the saw from the
support it is preferable to support the
saw on the outer side of the roller,
guiding It In the open slot formed by
the two arms of the support The
clamp Is then applied, with the support
projecting upward Instead of down
ward." This useful attachment for
sawing logs has been patented by Mr.
Levi Smith of Marshfield, Coos coun
A sawhorse for household use may
be made like the ordinary sawhorse,
except that at the back Instead of a
narrow edge a wide edge is put with
a top piece four inches wide. It can
be made wider if desired. Two strips
along the side form a box, which will
hold tools and nails. It is about the
handiest thing the handy man around
the farm can have.
To bring the forests to their full
productiveness they must be cut over.
The ax is the forester's hoe as well as
his scythe. Reaping and sowing are
usually for him one and the same op
eration, and cultivation is accomplish
ed by getting rid of what he does not
want. There were cut from the na
tional forests during the last fiscal
year the equivalent of a little over
280,000,000 board feet of timber. This
involved cutting operations on slightly
less than 360,000 acres of land, or
about one four-hundredths of the total
area of the government's forests. In
other words, hardly a beginning has
been made in bringing the forests to
their highest productiveness through
use, and their reserve of mature tim
ber has scarcely been touched by the
operations under way. There is mon
ey in the wood lot and the average
farmer In awakening to this fact
To destroy the germs of smut on
oats and other seeds add half a pound
of formalin to thirty gallons of water,
spread the seed on a barn floor and
sprinkle the solution over It making it
thoroughly damp. Then shovel it into
a pile and cover it with sacks or blan
kets for about two hours, so that the
chemical may act on the grain. The
grain may "then be dried for future
use, but it is better to sow it at 'once.
The seed should not be so moist as to
pack in the hand. Thirty gallons will
treat 100 to 150 bushels of grain.
Utilizing a Broken Hoe..
Don't throw away the hoe with a
broken handle even if there are only
two feet of the handle left Instead
take It to a blacksmith shop and have
the hoe straightened out on a line with
the handle. It would net be amiss
also to hav the hoe sharpened. You
will find this useful, in many ways
around the chicken house or in the gar
den for digging weeds or lifting plants
Dr. J. eel.
Over Davis & Wiley Bank.
Office Hours: jjo
a m to I p m
to 6 p m
scitimrK AtenieA. ft. y.
A Treatment That Sometimes Will
Cure an Infected Animal.
The following Is the standard treat
ment for lump jaw on cattle: If there
be an opening in the tumor or sweilfcig,
inject Into the opening about one tea
spoonful of tincture of iodine daily. If
there Is no opening, rubthe tincture
on the skin daily, or it may be Injected
with a hypodermic syringe. Continue
the treatment until it is evident that
the growth of the tumor has stopped.
If willing to give up the use of the
cow as a milker until she Is cured, you
may, also, in addition to the treatment
above prescribed, give her one and a
half to two and a half teaspoonfuls of
iodide of potassium divided into two
doses, one in the morning and one at
night, to be given In a pint of warm
water. Continue this for two weeks
or until signs of iodism appear, such
as a scurfy skin, weeping at the eyes
and dribbling from the nose and
mouth. Then discontinue for a week
or ten days and commence again if
The iodide of potassium will render
the milk unfit for use. Continue to milk
her regularly, however, and throw the
milk away, as she may be cured; in a
few weeks, and then her milk will be
all right The disease Itself does not
render the milk unfit for use unless
the cow Is in the last stages, where
the general health of the cow will be
THE HOME FRUIT GARDEN.
Suggestions For Making It Profitable
as Welras Useful.
The home fruit garden Is not only
attractive when the strawberries are
in bloom or in fruiting or when the
raspberries, currants, pears, peaches or
other fruits are ready to pick. The
home garden is ever an attractive spot
No member of the family, no visitor or
other person can pass this garden de
voted to the growing of the various
fruits for home use without being at
tracted to it. Such a home fruit gar
den expresses much to the observer at
all seasons of the year. It speaks of
contentment of health and of the home
table embellished with beautiful and
delicious specimens of large and small
The location of the home fruit gar
den should be as near the dwelling as
possible. It may embrace an acre, half
an acre, quarter of an acre or it may
be confined to the rear end of a forty
foot lot in town or city. If you have
plenty of land, give the fruit garden
HOW TO PACK BERRIES.
liberal space. If you have simply a
town or city lot, make the most of this
small plot of ground at your disposal,
remembering that by cutting back the
new growth every year on the fruit
trees many of them can be grown in
small space or on the borders near
You may have one row devoted to
grapevines, another row to raspber
ries, another row to blackberries, an
other to currants and several rows de
voted to strawberries, each row run
ning the whole length of the fruit gar
den and so planted as to admit of
horse cultivation. The disposal of the
rows of apple, peach, pear, plum and
cherry trees can be easily arranged.
Plant the rows of trees far enough
apart to admit the various rows of
small fruits between the rows of trees.
Grapevines will thrive equally well
when trained to the side of the house
or to any other building or trained to
the pillars of the porches of the house.
If there is a surplus of fruit It may
be easily marketed. If sent to the city
It must be carefully packed. The crate
shown in. the sketch is equipped with a
tight wooden cover, yet Is sufficiently
open to allow the air to circulate. It
will hold about sixty quarts of ber
ries. Grasses Everywhere.
Grasses are widely distributed. We
.usually think of them as existing in
our temperate zones only, because here
we have the perennial pastures and
meadows. They are, however, to be
found so far north that the soil is fro
zen under them during the greater part
of the year, while they are also com
mon to parts of the south where the
frost is never known. Even the moun
tain tops that are clothed with perpet
ual snow have Just below the snow
line their carpets of poas that grow
and bloom through a brief period every
year. The grasses push hard against
the eternal snows.
It appears that some varieties of cab
bage and cauliflower suffer more from
maggot attack than others, but except
for the Holland cabbages there are
none, so far as we know, that will not
be badly Injured by these pests. Both
from our own state and elsewhere the
Holland cabbages are reported as be
ing quite free from maggot attack and
need little if any treatment New Jer
sey Experiment Station.
Applying Lime. j
The fall Is generally considered the
best time to apply lime, but moderate
application may be made whenever the
farmer finds it convenient to perform
the work. Much of the fall grain is
seeded on corn ground, and this land is
not plowed up or In shape to apply the
lime advantageously at that season.
Nothing has ever equalled it.
Nothing can ever surpass it.
tui I OUOOit and
50c & $1.00
A Perfect For All Throat and
Cure: Lung Troubles.
Money back if it fails. Trial Bottles free.
Bucklen's Arnica Salvo
The Best Salve In The World. -
PLOWING AND DRAGGING.
8ystem Will Save Time and Trouble In
In plowing aim to have the plow
clean and free from rust so it will
scour at the start. Couple the horses
closer to the plow than to a wagon.
See that the clevis is adjusted so it is
In a direct line and causes the plow to
go the proper depth. Take pains to
have a steady, even pulling team. See
that the harness fits just right and
everything Is in order. For plowing
level "make narrow lands and con
sequently more dead furrows. Go to
the side of the field and step off the
PLAIN DUTCH HABBOWZKO.
required distance at each end and place
a pole upright at each end and at the
end opposite to the one where you
commence plowing. Place another
pole farther on, lining it up with the
end poles. Step off the same distance
at each end that you do at the sides,
so the land will be the right propor
tion. Start the plow and keep the two
end poles in line between the horses'
heads, and get a straight furrow to
start with. All that is now necessary
Is to keep the back furrow straight
with the other, and after that keep
the horse in the furrow, and turn the
soil in even layers, slightly lapping
over, leaving no space between them.
As soon as a land is finished harrow
and drag it before commencing anoth
er field. If using two teams, the first
one to finish uses the harrow and drag.
This rests the team by a change. This
method puts the land in fine condition
and saves much future work, as fresh
ly plowed land works much better
than where an entire field Is plowed
before dragging or harrowing.
Dragging "Dutch fashion" may be
new to some and prove of value. Its
advantages- are that it drags neither
lengthwise nor square across the fur
rows and makes easier corners than
the ordinary diagonal dragging. The
plain Dutch fashion is shown In the
diagram. Commence by "striking out"
from A to B. Turn to the right and
go back on the left side of first track
till you reach edge of field near A.
Drive across the first track and back
on the opposite side to the other end.
Cross over and back on opposite side
Continue crossing over at each end
inside your last track and outside the
last track along the sides. When' half
done the piece will look like the first
diagram, and the next trip would be
from C to D, to E, to F, to C. When
done the last trip would be from G to
i H, and the piece will have been drag-
ged twice diagonally in opposite diree
j tions. This works well on pieces that
are nearly, square or not more than
twice as long as wide. Of late, said
one who had tried this syBtem, we
have found that it is economy in plow
ing, cultivating, etc., to make our lands
as long as pVssible. On these Dutch
dragging did not work as well, as it
was too nearlengthwlse the furrows,
so we hit upon what we call "crazy
Dutch," shown In the second diagram.
We "strike out' zigzag across the
piece two or three or more times, ac
j cording to its length compared to
width. The diagram shows three times
viz, from A to B, to O, to D. Turn to the
right and go back on left to first track
to C and drive across, it Go on right
side to B, then up left side to A. Cross
over and back on left side of B. Drive
straight across the first two tracks,
turn to the left and go on right side to
VARIATIONS ON DUTCH FASHION.
C, where you will cross the two tracks
again, and go on left side to D. Al
ways go straight ahead till you get to
the edge of the field before you make a
When half done it will look like the
picture, and the next trip would be
from B to F, G, H, I, J, K, L, E. When
done the last trip will be from M to N,
O, .P. This looks complicated, but it
isn't half as hard to do it as it is to
tell about it At least it seems that way
to me just now. In striking out we
never measure a piece, but guess at the
angles. However, the truer you get it
struck out the better it works out In
Eastern Poultry Plants.
Leghorns, Minorcas and Rhode Island
Reds are used on the egg farm, Light
Brahmas and Plymouth Rocks on the
roaster and capon plants, while the
broiler and combination plants use
Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes or Rhode
Island Reds. Oscar Erf. .
Than irsaMrsMcCa.il PstttemssoW bt?teT7aka4
Slates tkan of any other maka of patterns. TUsiaea
account at their style, accuracy and simplicity.
SIcCall's MaraKfaeCThaOnecnor FasMoa) kas
rare subscribers than any other Ladies' Magazine. Oae
ear's subscription (ja numbers) aosls SO cents. Latest
Somber, ff orata. Every subscriber gets a McCall Fat
tara Free Subscribe today. 4 -
ly Agwitf Waatea. HanAsomne tii iiutuiaa a
aWaT cask commissi oav. Pattern Catalog os( of os 4a
- HORSE SENSE
8om Sensible Advice In- Regard to
Collars and Their Use.
The closely padded, ill fitting, sort
collar means . suffering .and shortens
the life for the horse. ; V ...
"Years ago I gave up the hot, sticky
pad,? said an Intelligent fanner, r'and
have used only the close fitting, hard
leather collar, which we have "endeav
ored to keep clean. This clean collar,
with a good washing of the shoulders
noon and nights, has generally sufficed
to keep them free fromv soreness. Still,
during the constant use of the riding
cultivator in our cornfields the necks
sometimes get sore, caused by the
weight and the moving of the collar
across the skin at each step of the
horse. We are all Inclined to use col
lars too large for the horse. Much
pains should be taken in the first fit
ting of the collar, and if It Is thorough
ly soaked and placed on the horse
while Btlll wet it will usually shape it
self to the shoulders. Another thing,
we try to avoid a too low draft. The
way double harnesses are usually made
all the weight comes on the horses'
necks, and there is a constant tend
ency to lower the draft even nntil It
comes nearly to the point of the shoul
der. ' This should be overcome as far
as possible. The draft should be nigh
enough to Insure an even bearing the
entire length of the shoulder, and. nei
ther should the girth be buckled, tight
enough to cause any draft on the top
of the neck. In fact, a girth Is unnec-.
essary and need never be used except
where the traces are attached to the
load above a right angle to the horse's
shoulders. Steel collars are in use near
us, and I am going to try a pair this
spring. I think the principle is right,
and they strike me as being very convenient-"
DWARF APPLE TREES.
They Are Useful to Owners of Small
Plots of Lands.
The sketch was made from a Red
Astrakhan tree set two years before.
This was only one of a hundred simi
lar trees of the same variety planted
by George T. Powell of Columbia coun
ty, N. Y., who has taken up the culture
of dwarf apples. These Astrakhans
were propagated on Paradise stocks,
which make trees that if pruned prop
erly never grow more than eight to ten
feet high. They can be planted ten
feet apart each way and when a few
years old will bear a bushel to a barrel
The owner of a small lot who wishes
to have several varieties of fruit and
DWAJUf APPLE TEEES.
will give the trees good culture will
find both pleasure and profit In dwarfs.
In a commercial way the apples on
Paradise stocks have not been grown
extensively enough to test them. It Is
generally considered that they require
too much Care to be profitable when
grown on a large scale. Some leading
fruit growers believe, however, that
the Doucln stock has great commercial
possibilities. It makes trees eighteen to
twenty feet high. They can be set from
a rod to twenty feet apart each way
and can be given the best of attention
owing to then moderate size.
The Fruit Patch. .
The government horticulturist says
many persons with small lots may
plant what are known as dwarf fruit
trees. In proportion to size dwarf
trees are more fruitful than "stand
ards.' They come into bearing sooner
and are therefore of special value for
use In limited inclosures or fruit gar
dens. Besides the advantage of dwarf
ing, grafting may be turned to good
account, enabling the owner of trees
to increase his variety of fruits. Sin
gle trees have been made to bear as
many as 150 varieties of apples.
If you set out a fruit garden, take ad
vantage of the space under and be
tween the trees by planting strawber
ries, blackberries, raspberries, cur
rants or some other small fruit Vege
tables may also be planted about the
- Renewing Fenoeposts.
Do not throw away old fenceposts
Just because the ends in the ground
have rotted away. You can patch these
out and the posts will last as long as
new ones. Take a piece of an ordinary
post two feet long and smooth down
one end with an ax so as to fit on to
the end of the post, which should
likewise be smoothed down. Now get
a half dozen spikes and nail the piece
to the post. Reverse the post, leaving
the patched end at the top.
One Man 8praying.
For an area of less than one acre a
small compressed air or knapsack
sprayer will be very satisfactory.
Where fruits as well as potatoes are to
be sprayed the barrel spray pump out
fit will be most economical. By mount
ing the barrel on a one-horse two
wheeled cart, at the rear of which a
three-quarter inch pipe of sufficient
length to cover four rows and provided
with nozzles is attached, one man can
do the spraying unassisted
, 7 HE NORTH CAROLINA
STATE NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL COLLEGE.
h'ar ed by the State or 'the Education of the Women of North Carolina.
Fcnr regular Courses leading to Degreag.
Special Courses offered iu Teacher Training, Music, Manual Arts
and Domestic Science and in the Commercial Department.
Free Tuition to those who agree to teach in the schools of North
Board, laundry, tuition and all otlier expenses, including use of
text bocks, $170.00 a year. For free tuition students, $125.00 a year.
Those desiring to enter should apply aB early as possible. The
capacity of the dormatorieg is limited. .
Fall Session begins September 15, 1908, "i
For catalogue and other inform asion address,
J. L FOUST, President,
GREENSBORO, N. C.
. MIA arid
How to Raise These Fowls to Bring
Good Prices In the Market.
."Success in turkey raising depends
largely on the choice of stock, also on
the care and attention given," says
one authority. "I have raised different
kinds, but like White Hollands the
best I have often raised a large flock
from three hens. They are very tame
and bring more fin the market on ac
count of their fine plumage.
"In the early spring I gather the
eggs daily, for if left to accumulate in
the nest they become chilled and so
are worthless for hatching. Much
labor and time may be saved if the
FINK WHJ.TM TURKEYS.
hens are kept in an Inclosure during
the egg producing season. Barrels laid
on the side with straw placed in them
make good nests.
"After gathering them it is not best
to keep the eggs very long, but If there
is no suitable place to put them with a
hen they should be turned at least
twice a week.
"I give seventeen eggs to a turkey
hen. It is best if they can come off
while sitting to eat and dust as they
like. They may also be dusted with a
good powder just before .the young
turkeys come out I take them from
the nest as soon as possible, all but
one, to be left with the mother, so she
will not be uneasy. I keep them in a
box In the house until they learn to
eat and walk. They soon learn to eat
bread moistened with sweet milk.
"The coops are then ready. These are
made of boards eight feet long, about
three feet high at the front and two
and a half inches In the rear, being
fitted with a good cover; also boards
partly covering the bottom, with a
door in each end. This, divided in the
middle, will make two good coops,
which will turn the rain. I keep them
in the coop with the hen one day, then
turn them in a pen made of boards a
foot high. The pen Is about twenty
feet square. Around this two feet of
poultry wire Is placed to keep the
mother in; also to keep the outside
chickens from getting to scalp the lit
"The coop opening in this pen makes
it easy to change them around. In this
way they get plenty of exercise and
will flourish If given cornmeal and
cheese made of sour milk four times a
day with plenty of fresh water. Small
oyster shell Is necessary. A small bit
of cayenne pepper mixed with the
cheese Is a good stimulant
"After keeping them In the pen about
two weeks they are getting anxious to
find larger fields. -The White Hollands
will wander and hunt but nearly al
ways come home in the evening. They
soon learn to go In the coop. This must
be kept very clean. After feeding they
are 'shut In and kept till the grass is
dry In the morning. Always keep them
in when It rains. They cannot run In
the wet until larger.
"When getting them ready for mar
ket a mixed feed of oats and corn Is
good. Old corn Is much better than
A way of controlling turkeys to make
them stay in a field is very simple.
Take a shingle
or a thin piece of
board about a
foot long and
bore with a small
bit four holes,
two on one side
and two on the
other, that will
Just cover the
wings. Take then
a stout piece of
soft cloth and put
around the wing or under the wing,
bring It through the holes and tie se
curely. The turkey cannot fly with
this on, for she cannot raise her wings,
as she is obliged to in flying. The cut
gives an idea of how it is made and
attached. The strings should not be
ied so tightly as to Injure the wing,
but tight enough to stay on. The de
vice cannot , be used during the breed
ing season, as it will prevent the tur
keys from mating.
Young pigs confined in a floored pen
sometimes become lame. It is advisa
ble to turn the pigs out and let them
, have an opportunity to take proper ex
ercise and enjoy natural conditions as
nearly as possible. It is the plank
floor that causes soreness and lame
ness. If the pigs have access to good
pasture they may be fed on corn
alone, but' if confined in a small lot
they should be supplied with food
that contains more bone making con
stituents than is supplied by corn, such
as wheat bran, .oats, middlings, col