A Home Newspaper Published tn ilnterest of the People arid for Honesty in" Governmental Affairs.
Wm i H . Stewart, Editor.
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LEXINGTON AND DAVIDSON COUNTY.
Chickens Hailoe Hard Tine. A Plea for
th8 Worn Out Horses.
Lexington Dispatch. April Slst.
The horse traders are here.
Some of them .have left. There has
been mighty little traffic in am-
mala this court. The crowds have
been small. We would just like
to say, right here, that somethmg
ought to be done to these fellows
who drag , poor old broken down
rips from place to place, trying to
convert their old and aching bones
into coin. Some of them can
hardly move -pitiful sights.
The power hons people tell a
funny story in connection with
Monday morning's fire. A thief
stole two pairs of trousers from
the men who work at the water
plant at night, and had just about
'time enough toget to Center street
when the hideous fire whistle be
gan to sound the alarm. Next
morning the pants were found, in
the street. It is presumed that
when the thief heard the whistle
so soon after his theft, he natur
ally thought tney were blowing it
for him r and guilt being heavy on
his heart, he dropped his booty
and fled. Some say he is likely
to be running yet.
E. L.r Weaver, of Warrenton,
who har been here several weeks in
the interest of his vending ma
chines, has closed a trade with
Messrs. J. W. Crowell aud W. A.
Anthony to manufacture one
thousand of the machines. Work
is already going on and some of
the machines will be finished by
Monday. It was invented by E.
L. Smith, of Windsor. One style
machine will hand you a nickel
package of crackers, upon your
dropping coin in the slot. If you
drop a dime, it hands it back to
you. Another style sells apples,
another chewing , gam, another
cigarettes and cigars and another
smoking tobacco. People in po
sition who know say that the men
interested in this machine "have
got a good thing."
The older people will remember
Professor Charles M. Symthe, a
northern man who came here in
the early sixties and taught school.
He died here and was buried in the
cemetery, A daughter has writ
ten to a friend here stating that
she wishes to come to Lexington
in May and try to locate the grave.
Mrs. Smylbe was. a Miss Harris,
and the family is well-remembered
by two or three of the older citi
zens, and others doubtless will re
Friday as No. 86 was pulliDg
out, bearing the last of the gentle
men who attended Orange Picb
bytery , a chicken, evidently bad
ly out of balance, mentally, as a
result of dodging about during the
week when so many preachers
were in town, flew up on the trian
and all efforts to get it to come
down proved unavailing. It knew
this week the Methodists would
meet in conference, and it doubt
less reasoned that if Presbyterian
ministers could cause such hard
lines to atroear in a fowl's life
there wasn't a chance for it when
the Methodists came. The last
seen of the chicken it was still on
No. 86, as it it rounded the bend.
But no doubt, even it did escape
both it landed in the hands of the
colored porter on the train There
is one chicken lost to the Lay
men'? Movements this week, but
the town has many more and
every one is curteously offered to
the visiting brethren.
Any lady reader of this paper will
receive, on request a clever "No-
Drip" Coffee Strainer Coupon
privilege, from Dr. Shoop, RaciueX
Wis. It is silver-plated, very
pretty, and positively prevents all
dripping of tea or coffee. The
Doctor sends it, with his hew free
book on "Health Coffee" simply
to introduce this clever substitute
for real coffee. Dr. Shoop's Health
Coffee is gaining its great popu
larity because of: first, its exquis
ite taste and flavor; second its ab
solute healthf ulness ; third, its
economy 1B 25c; fourth, its
convenience. No tedious 20 to 80
minute boiling. - "Made in a min
ute." says nr. snoop, rry it at
your grocer's for a pleasant but
prise. Sold by afi Grocers.
GOOD ROADS LEGISLATION.
Provision liade bi the State to Assist in
the Construction of Public Roads.
I . ' . . .. : " '
One of bhe acts of a general na
ture thatjwas passed by the Gen
erai Assejnbly of 1909, telates to
eooi roadB and should be the
means of greatly promoting and
stimulating the construction ot
improved roads iu North arolina
This act parries with it an appro
priation of $5,000 andas stated in
the act, the object and purpose
of this appropriation shall be to
enable the North Carolina Geol'og
ical Board to advise with the
township and county authorities
in buildinfg and improvement of
the public roads, by sending to the
township or county a competent
road engineer, who will assist them
in locating the improved roads,
advise them as to the best road to
build and how to build it, and alco
give advise relating to the best
kind of bridge to be built in con
nection with the improvement of
any roao. rne ueograpmcai
Board, through the State Geolo
gist, may make inquiries in regard
" J jry
to systems of road building and.
man&gemeht throughout the
ed States and make investigations
and experiments in regard to the
best methqds of road-making and
the best kind of road material,
and shall disseminate such knowl
edge by lectures to be given in the
different clunties and by prepar-
ing, pubiisning and aistriouting
buUetius apd reports on' the sub
jects of road improvement, and
shall also gather and tabulate in
formation ind statistics of road
building in North Carolina and
disseminate the same throughout
As will bid seen from the above,
it is now possible for the Geologi
cal survey to hire engineers who
are competent road builders and
take up . with the Various counties
aud townships who are contem
plating the construction of im
proved roads, where to locate their
roads, what? is the best road to
build, giving consideration to lo
cation, and how to build it.
Arrangements have been made
to employ W. L. Spoon as road en
gineer for fche geological survey
and he will enter upon his duties
about May 1st. Mr, Spoon's home
is in Alamance county, and he is
a graduate oi the University of
North Carolina. He has been
devoting. himself to the study and
construction of good roads for
hiteen years and during the past
seven years has Deen roaa en
gineer for the office of public roads
of the Unitd States Department
of Agriculture. He is considered
by the office cf public roads as
one of the; best engineers in this
country and for some features of
road engineering he has no equal.
Thus hej comes thoroughly
equipped t(j take up the various
phases of ithe emneering work
which he wyl be called upon to do
in the different counties of North
The survey, which has made a
thorough st4dy of the good roads
problem, is confident that it will
be able to save to the counties
which are inaugurating a system
for the construction of improved
roads, considerable money that
other counties, which have -taken
up this kindbf work, have spent
unwisely on account of lack of ex
In JNorthi Carolina there are
three types of improved roads now
being constructed: macadam,
gravel and sand-clay. In deter-
ud of road to be built,
'taut conditions must
be considered: (1) availability
Irnad building mate
rial; (2) estimated
traffic over the road ;
of the county which is to pay for
the road. Ii deciding th? se qaes
tions, the road engineer of the ge
ologial Burvey ehould be of great
assistance to he townships or coun
ties, and before these communi
ties begin th construction of im
proved roadg all these questions
should be given careful considera
tion and the system planned out
before the work is started. In do
ing this there. will be little chance
of locating the road in the wrong
7 T - . , . , .; .1 ..V. . ' .-- , r , V . - , .-, , I - . T . J 1 - 1 J ' - - I H f
CONCORD AND CABARRUS COUNTY.
Surprise Marriage. Judgment Against
Register of Deeds. - :0a
Concord TlmeB. April. S .'nd v v
Another surprise marriage oc
curred last Sunday; when -f James
Cook, son of Charlie Cook, and
Miss Scott Dees, daughter of R.
A. Dees, went to Port Mill and
were married, - ;
Iu Esq. Lore's court last Satur
day judgement of $200 was ren
dered againdt Register of Deeds J.
P. Harris in favor of R T. Joyuer,
of No 9. The suit' was brought
against Mr. Harris for issuing li
cense to Mf. Joyner's daughter,
Miss Pearl, and Adam Burns.
The girl was not of legal age, and
it was claimed that Mr. Harris
failed to "swear on the book' the
witness who testified as to her age.
R. r. Grant, who has been with
the Cannon mills for several years
has resigned that position and is
now traveling for a Richmond
house selling oils, etc. He will
be succeeded by Jdhn Kluttz, of
Last Tuesday evening while
Unit-pValter Lipe, the 15-year-old sou
of L. E. Lipe, was, gunning his
father s automoble wood saw at
H. G. Ritz's he got his hand
caught by the saw and badly hurt
The four fingers was sawed to the
bone between . the knuckles and
the second joint. It was thought
at first that the hand would have
to be amputated, but the wound?
are doing well so far, aud it is now
expected that the members will be
Othar A. Barringer, of Mt.
Pltaaant, has gone to Rockwell to
take charge of the work of the
Barringer Manufacturing Co., the
new cotton mill there being erect
ed by Rev. Paul Barringer and as
sociates. It is expected that the
aH will be started in Jun. "
A Great Complication.
When the second trialW Beach
Hargis, charged with the murder
of his father, Judge James Hargis,
s called at Irvine, Ky., this week,
one of th3 thirteen attorneys for
the defense will be a woman at
torney, Mrs. William A. Young.
Her husband, who was one of the
attorneys who secured the acquit-
al of Eugene Gardner, in San
Francisco, for the murder of a
negro, will also act for the defense,
which will be directed by United
States Senator W. O. Branley.
This will be the first time a woman
attorney has appeared in an im
portant case in Kentucky.
f Hargis has at his command fifty
thousand dollars fcr his defence.
This includes all his mother's part
of the estate left by the parent
whom he killed, as well as his own
share. His sister, Mrs Evelyn
Hogg, now has a suit pending in
which her mother is defendant, to
prevent all the mdney of the es
tate being used to defend the
youug man. Jackson, Ky., dis
Swept Over Niagara.
This terrible calamity often
happens because a careless boat
man ignores the river's warnings
growing ripples and faster current
-Nature's warnings are kind. That
dull pain or ache in the back
warns you the kidneys need atten
tion if you would escape fatal
maladies Dropsy, Diabetes or
Bright's disease. Take Electric
Bitters at once and see Backache
fly and all your best feelings4 re
turn. "After long suffering from
weak kidneys and lame back, one
$100 bottle wholly cured me,"
writes J. R lilankenship, of Belk,
Tenn. Only 50o at all druggists.
place and the mouey available for
the construction of improved roads
will be spent to the -best advant
age. All township and county
authorities are cordially invited to
write, to the geological survey of
fice for information on any sub
ject relating to improved roads
and for engineering assistance if
same is desired, or for some mem
ber of the survey staff to visit the
county and address their people
on the subject of good roads.;
Extract from circular No. 44 by
the state's geologist.
SELECTION AND BREEDUiB OF PLANTS.
Some! DetaUiilfcfomttlor M SpW
Interest Progressnra Frner$ ma eartfeners
:K Perhaps, there if'no one subject
related to farming that in of great
er importance to thr farmer -than
the improvement of. his general
crop by seed selection and: breed
ing. The work is not only intense
ly interesting but it usually result!
in awkening a keener interest "in
all' phases of cop production, - in
eluding the preparation of the soil
for the seed - bed ; 4 the cultivation
of the growing plaht, fertilization ,
and . eLyen the marketing of the
products. As a. rule ' it , costs no
mere" to cultivate a crop grown
from good seed, fronlimproved
varieties, than it does to cultivate
a crop that will produce scrub
plants. The orgnators . and
growers of improved varities not
only have the satisfaction of hav
ing made 'the growing of these
crops more profitable by reason
of improved quality and increased
yields, thus benefiting every -one
interested in their, production and
consumption but .they usually also
reap an additional financial re
ward from trie sales, of the seed or
plants ot their, improved varities.
Higher priced lands call for
larger yields of better quality in
order to make interest on the
money invested. Furthermore
improved varities are stronger
constitutionally and are not bo
9ubjectto effects of disease. In
fact some varities have been pro
duced that Ate immune to certain
diseases. They aimply have the
vigor to resist them.
The growing. and distribution
of good varities it a far-reaching
faotor in our national prosperity.
The breeder, therefore, becomes a
public benefactor as well as mak
ing larger crops himself and reap
ing an increased revenue resulting
from the higher pY&es which-thfe
improved varities command upon
the market. He may thus attain
to prominence which otherwise he
would never Jiave acquired. Good
farming helps to make good citi
zens, and good citizens help in the
making of good farmers.
ART AND SCIENCE IK BREEDING.
The work : of producing better
plants is both an art and a science.
The science of breeding includes
the work of the investigator in de
termining by means of experiment
the principles relating to the
different problems of breeding.
The work of the scientific investi
gator may not in itself be profit
able, yet it may result in valuable
additions to the knowledge of the
subject. The work of the investi
gator is the discovery of the prin
cipals of breeding. These the
practical breeder may not have
the training, the time, the oppor
tunity, or the means to discover.
The art of breeding is the work of
growers who by long . experience
with the crop from a commercial
standpoint become accurate judges
of the value of plants for cultiva
tion and economio propagation.
Often, -also, it embraces the prin
ciples discovered by the scientific
investigator or breeder.
QUALIFICATIONS FOB THE BREEDER,
Success in the improvement of
farm crops depends to a great ex
tent on some important qualifica
tions of the breeder. He must
have a natural liking for his work
and the plants hieh he is im
proving, The experience gamed
by constant association with crops
with which the breeder is interest
ed is the most important factor
involved in the production of new
or improved varities. It is this
experience that makes it possible
for the breeder -to pick out - toe
best plants almost intuitively,
although in many cases it is not
possible to give exact reasons for
the selections. This accurate
judgment comes easiest to those
naturally adapted to the work.
However, it may be acquired by
any careful farmer who has real
interest in the subjeot by t the
study of the plants from 'all pos
sible scouroes of knowledge.
ADAPTION TO BNVTBONMENT.
The adaption of the varieties to
the conditions of soil and climate
where they are grown it one of thie
(Concluded on page 'six )
ST ATESYIUE AND IBEOELL COUN FY.
Reiepds Offfccre' Oofag Great easiness.
P jCottea Uift CisiCeBprotolseif.
SUtesvilla Landmark, April 80-23.
Annie Weaver, a half-witted ne
gro woman ' w ho ' lives on East
Front street, secured a bottle of
laudanum , Saturday evening and
drank'a big'doBe of the drug. As
Vrajultahejfweht ciazy' and for
some little time Saturday night
she made things lively in the negro
settlement where she lives.
The United States distriot court,
Judge Boyd presiding, convened
yesterday morning. The grand
iurjp was drawn with R. M. Rose-
bro, of Cleveland, as foreman.
The trial of cases on th? criminal
docket was begun, District Attor
ney Holton and Assistant District
Attorny Coble representing the
Samuel Benton, who died in
StatoBvilla last week, left an estate
valued at about $10,000, about
$5,000 of real estate and $5,000 of
personal property. Mr. Benton
left' a will, R B. McLaughlin be
ing named as executor. Alarm
in the vicinity of Trout man, val
ued at about $5,000, was left to T.
W. Hager, ' of Memphis, Tenn,, a
nephew of Mr. Benton. W. O.
Benton, ot the deceased, is to re
ceive $1,200 in cash or securities
and Mrs. E. E. Harwell, his sis
ter, $800. The residue of the es
tate is left to. a niece, Miss Josep
hine F. Benton, of Atoka, Tenn,
Charlie Summers a- noted char
acter of Sharpesburg township.
was arrested Sunday morning
about 5 o'clock . at his home in
Sharpesburg by Sheifif Deaton
and Deputy Sheriff Ab. Brown,
aud was brought to Statesville
and lodged in jail. He is charged
with retailing in four cases and
illicit distilling in one case. He
trsrot.OOO-bond yesterday after
noon and was released.
The case of the Statesville Cot
ton Mill against the firm of A. D. I
Juiliard & Co., of New York, was
settled by compromise here yester
day by the attorneys in the case.
In the compromise Juiliard & Co.
paid the Statesville Cotton Mill
$5,030 and all costs in the case
Tillett & Guthrie, of Charlotte,
represented Juiliard & Co and
McLaughlin & Nicholson and Arm-
field & Turner were attorneys for
Deputy Collector J . M Davis
and Deputy SheriffWard found
and destroyed a large illicit dis
tillery plant in Eagle Mill town
ship Saturday. The outfit showed
evidence of having been in use for
some time and the 150-gallon still
and all other fixtures were in their
places when the officers arrived.
The officers also destroyed600 gal
lons of beer, about 80 gallons of
low wines and a lot of meal which
were fonnd at the plant. No- one
was on the premises when they ar
In discussing the recent sale of
beef cattle fed 'at the State Test
Farm near Statesville, Commiss
ioner of Agriculture Graham, who
recently visited the farm, says the
sales, whioh amounted to about
$22,000, netted $236 in cash and
107 tons of manure, after deduct
ing all expenses.
Mrs. L. P. Allen and children
this week moved to Spencer, where
they will occupy property owned
by Mr. and Mrs. Allen. Mr. Allen
who is a fireman on the local shift
ing engine, will continue his work
here but will spend Sundays with
his family at Spencer . Mr. and
Mrs. W. B. Blackwelder will occu
py the Rickert house, corner Cen
ter and Front streets, vacated by
the Allen family.
Rev. J. H. Pressley received a
telegram this morning announc
ing the death last night at Ches
ter, S. C , of Rev. C. E. McDon
aid, a prominent minister of the
Associate Reformed Presbyterian
Church; He will be buried at
Winsboro,: S. 0., -to-morrow.
William. H. Cowan died very
, suddenly at his home in Olin
i township yesterday. He was not
; wen yesseraay one out not seem to
I be seriously ill. Yesterday morn
MM - . - - , "
VISITS WHITE HOUSE.
Senator Tillman's First Call There Fo
His first visit to the White
House in about seven years was
paid to-day by Senator Tillman
of South Carolina and he received
a cordial greeting from President
Taf t. His appearance in the exe
cutive offices created a sensation.
The Senator walked to the White
House unaccompanied, but left
with Senator Beveridge of Indiana.
riding to the capitol with the lat
ter in his automobile.
Booker.T. Washington was wait
ing to see the President when Sen
atorTillmacf arrived, 4 The South
Carolinan was immediately suown
into Mr. Taft's private office. The
call was purely of a social nature,
it was, declared. "
l.came" said Senator Till
man, "to see if the office-seekers
any fat off the Presi
they haven't fried a
Asked why he had never visited
he White House in the past. Sen
ator Tillman replied: "I waited
ill a gentleman got here."
"It's not necessary to make a
nine days'- wonder of my visit to
resident Taft.Y said Mr. Till
man after his return to the Capi-
;ol. "We . have always been good
friends, and ;I have frequently
gone to see him as Secretary of
War. , Whether he has inherited
his office from Roosevelt, or been
elected by the nedDle there is no
reason for any one to suppose that
he has inherited Roosevelt's mean
ness." Mr. Tillman said that he mere
y went to the White House to say
good morning to the President and
bo express his "gratification oh
having a gentleman there."
"I have no favors to ask of the
President and no advice to offer."
paid Mr. Tillman; ; "rwo&Id have
gone to see him sooner had it not
been for the fact that I have been
out of the city. I have taken the
I first convenient ODnortunitv to
call upon him."
. . .
While at the White House Sen
atot Tillman saw Booker T. Wash
ington for the first time . "I was
very curious to see him," said Mr
Tillman, "because it enabled me
to draw mv own conclusion as to'
he percentage of white blood there
is in him. It is over one-half.
Asked what impression he form
ed of Washington, Mr. Tillman
' Booker Washington is consid
ered a great negro, and he has
great intellectual powers. He has
a Jesuitical face. If he had not
oeen engagea witn a lot ot people
about him, I should have gone up
to him and chatted with him.
wouia use to discuss the race
question with Booker Washington.
would like to ask him a lot of
questions. Washington dispatch.
ing he waB still unwell but able to
be up. About 12 o'clock, while
lying donw, he died suddenly and
The police department has
worked up 23 cases of retailing
against Turner King, colored, who
was pieced in jail Monday. It de
velops that he has sold booze to
all classes of people. Two or three
16 year-old white boys testify that
they have bought liquor from him,
While examining the cell at the
jail occupied by the Cloer broth
ers, the other day, Bruce Leinster,
night guard at the jail, found a
small piece of metal saw secreted
iu the ceiling over the cell. The
piece of saw had been placed in
end of a short piece of broom han
ble. The saw id supposed to be
a portion of one the Cloers broke
while sawing out of their call some
time ago, It is so small that they
could have accomplished but lit
tle with it had they attempted to
Permanently relieves constipa
tion and indigestion. Regulates
the bowels, builds up waste tissne.
matces pure oiooa. xou - grow
strong, healthy and robust. , Hol-
lister'sSocy Mountain Tea, , the
safest, nicest Spring tonic 85
oenti. Qornelison and Cook.
Ron ta Pfeici - C::acjat -Sirzsi .
Staaly .Bnterprtub April SSnd.- ' '
Dr. J. 0. Ro we. of s' Salisbury;
has been-seoHred-to-mreach the
baccalaureate sermon t0' the.gfad
uafeing class of rAllernArle eradBd
school at its olosiug(in the. latter
part of May.
Miss Fannie' Hartseir"surDrised
her parents and friends b)f' gSirig
to Charlotte lasl; eelrana1 1 vin'
herself in marriagto (JaW
a jrwuug uusuaess man weir
known in Albemarle. Hie 'cere
mony was pefomMon Wednes
The new roller mill A that has
been nnder process of erection 'tiv
J. I. L. Efird and Or'. D," Moose is
about, complete, and will begin
operation ' iii a few. days . . All the
maohinery has been installed-and
the mill is a modemrone in every
respect. It is located just below
the Sibley shops. r. Albemarleis
glad to have " this new t entajprise
added to the list -of others.
Rev. Hv,0. Spimkle and. H. L.
Horton atteiided the ; laJymen's
missionary conference - for the
Salisbury district Which mifciat
Lexington 1 uesday : and Wednes
Margaret, the: ihfahi child' of
Mr. and Mrs. lA. EHarry. Tdied
Sunda4 ina Charrotie, wlierl "sfie
had been taken for treatment.
The child was attaoked a. f aw
weeks ago with whooping .cough,
and this was followed lay pneu
monia.' J. 0. Masters,, of the. Albemarle
Development ? Company, returned
Monday, and. began v negotiations
at once for the erection of a stone
and ooncrete ,dam aefoss .the
stream, that skirts the . northern
boundary.-, of their property in
Souths Albemarle, and yesterday
morning the contract for the work
was awarded to L. .A.VMoody..
The dam is to be 160 feet , long ,
10 feet high and 10 feet sat, base.
It wilt be built some ,200 .yards
above the ford where thehitream
is crossed by Norwood road.
Mr. Masters says the work is to
begin-at once, and the. entire plans
for developing vthe iprpperty.will
be pushed through to . early r com
pletion. He ; says the icompany
purposes spending a million .dol
lars on the site.
PrefeTbesseJies -Heroes .
Elmer 1 Lacey 1 aged ;i18; 3 Was
drowned to-day as result' W the
capsizing bf tt small rowbbatin the
Pbtbmac !rrVer -here. 'Two -xther
boys,5 Komer Baceyr the victim's
brother, uahd' Deweyo;Nnttuwho
were alsol in the rboat.l? narrowl v
escaped the same fate and would
l' . it .1 t i'a'J. - - f'f ..L '.li-ar
nave oeen arownea out for nn
heroic rescue by tiro negroes who
were hekt the-sCene.-iVaihiir4n
'Readers 6f WAnHkr'iW ii
against Fayette and i Charles ? All
man. These cases were iriad ,AAV.
found guilty; of selling liquor in
..w.wv.u uuu in n , une ox
$700 was imposed and netiee 'of
ameal was-siven-. Jn tr nrni
was paid. The ameT wao Mith.
drawaand the defendants 2 agreed
to close up the plapevQn ; East In
nes - street? jWhere they U been
engaged m thf Sfle of soft drinks
The oldfaihiflheal way of ddsing'a
Heart orKidhey awj.ll wroag.
Dr. Shoor -first; Dointed 1nfc tKi-
error. This is whyJhfs toreScHp-
is directed entirelv to the trnhma nf
these.ail mehts, the weak inside or
controlling nerves," It 'isn't - so
difficult, says I Dr.' Shoop to
strengthen a weak'' -jStomaoh,
Heart,-or 'Kidneysif onegoes at
it cpxreotly. Eacb lnsidergan
has its controlling or inside nerve.
$WM6h filufch.?nf, those
everywhere to- dispense M recom-
Toot I farm A . L" ll Q . vtfi