North Carolina Newspapers

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WATCH THE Mill . GiVEN BABIES.
Poor Milk Scpply in Part U Blame for Death
of 375,000 One-Year Olds.
The American Academy of Med
icine's committee on the Confer
ence on the Prevention of Infant
Mortality, at New Haven, Conn.,
sends out the following :
If the babies of this country
don't get their rights it .won't be
because they lack friends among
the grown-ups. One important
universaty is to add a department
of child study to its course, and
in connection with it everything
pertaining to the life of a child
will he collected and collated.
Another instance is afforded by
the American Academy of Medi
cine, which has arranged for a
conference of physicians, sociolog
ists and educators to be held at
New Haven, November 11-12, on
the prevention of Infant Mortal
ity. At that meeting every as
.spect of the problem, from the
medical, philanthropic, educa
tional and institutional points of
view, will be gone into by specia
lists who are giving their lives to
the study of the subject.
But to return to the rights of
the babies. Take the single ques
tion of milk aB it relates to their
health. Every city that lays any
olaim to being civilized has a milk
commission now, or a board of
health that says to the dairyman :
MThe gobblins will catch you" (or
what amounts to that) "if you
lont keep that dairy of yours
scrupulously cean, and those cows
In apple-pie order." The time
was when milk was milk, and that
was all there was of it . But that
was before some indiscreet scien
tist put a drop of milk on the
slide under his microscope, and
then went ahead and let the rest
of the world into the secret of
what he found there. After that
even the low brows knew that
things rarely are what they seen.
They learned that skim milk not
only masquerades as cream, but
that nice, innocent-looking white
milk might be a whole storage
warehouse full of germs. If you
were so inclined you could go to
that warehouse and get almost
anything you wanted to , investi
gate in the germ line harmless
ones by the thousands, analagous
to beneficial organizations;
deadly ones as malevolent as any
Black Hand association. Tuber
culosis germs, for instance, or
those of typhoid" fever. Epidem
ics of scarlet fever and of diph
theria have been traced likewise
a.
to apparently innocuous milk.
One of the bug experts acquired
the card index habit, and took a
census of the bottom of the tube,
and great hordes when the tem
peratare went up. Then he re
corded on one of hi' Hts of paste'
board :
1 n. ft. milk at temnerature of
room, 800 bacteria.
Twenty-four hours later he
madft ont, two more cards. These
read :
1 c. c. milk at 50 degrees for
twenty-four hours, 80,000 bac
teria.
1 c. c. milk at temnerfeure of
room for twenty-four hours, 10,
000,000 bacteria.
A nontimeter measures di) of an
inch . It requires only patience
paper and pencils to compute how
many cubic centimeters there are
in a nint or a quart or a gallon of
milk, and from that to estimate
how many bacteria there are in
the quantity selected. An inter
esting point in this connection is
that only about ten cities are on
record as requiring the milk to be
kept at 50 degrees until delivered
tcTthe consumer. The inspection
of dairies to insure cleanliness
and the bacterial inspection of
milk are being required however,
by an increasingly large number
of other cities. In New York
and in a number of other cities
the limit is 100 000 bacteria to the
cubic centimeter, for milk commis
sions which supervise the sale and
distribution of milk intended for
the babies fix the bacterial limit
at 10,000 or less to the cubic
centimeter .
It is estimated that fifty per
cent, of all deaths of children
under one year of age are due to
gastro enteric disease. And the
evidence points strongly to the
impure milk fed to the babies as
the chief cause of this unnecessary
waste of baby life. Compared
with the money expended to pro
tect the purity of other foodstuffs,
the sum required to insure an ade
quate supply of clean, pure milk
for the thousands of babies who
must of necessity depend upon
cow's milk, is a mere bagatelle.
Dr. George W. Goler, of Roches
ter, estimates that it is possible
to obtain a supply of milk for the
summer months (July and Au
gust) which can conscientiously
be labelled food and not poison,
for the babies in a city which. has
a population of 200,000 at an
expanditure of about one thou
sand dollars. The estimate is
based on the amount it cost tbe
city of Rochester annually to
maintain its milk depots...:
iminary feature of this iuperviBi-
ou of the sources of the baby's
milk hat been the selection of
some farm within reasonable dis
tance from the.city in which the
dairy and cows are kept under
cleanly wholesome conditions.
The source of , suddIv selected.
and the milk contracted for. a
portable laboratory is erected "On
the place, and the . establishment
is'put in charge of a trained
nurse, who supervises the milking,
the sterlization of the utteujsils,
the preparation, bottling, pack
ing and shipment of the milk.
Packed ju ica, the milk is carried
6o the city and distributed from
four cenrers in aB macy parts of
the city. -
During the ten years before the
estabhshm nt of the milk depot
the total itumber of deaths of
children under one year was 4.675,
T7 4 DAW t
rrom iQvt, wnen yie wont was
began, to 1906, the total number
of deaths of children of that age
was 3,421, a reduction of over 80
per, cent., without taking into
consideration . any incease in
population during that period.
The milk depot, or dispensary,
under the supervision of physici
ans and the care of trained nurses,
has become a recognized necessity,
and where the municipality has
been indifferent to its obligations
the responsibility has been shoul
dered by philanthropic mdivduals
or private charities. Classes for
the instruction of mothers in the
proper care of the babies by the
regular inspection of the babies
by the physicians anduurses, have
added immeasurably to the per
manent benefits from, the milk
stations. .Maternal nursing is en
i i . . .
uuurageu whenever cnat is possi
ble, and some of the stations -fol
low the lead of other countries in
supplying the nursing mother
with nourishing food if she needs
it, and if she cannot provide it for
herself.
The problem of milk supply for
the babies is one that has to be
solved all the year round. The
mortality from the gasto-interti
nal diseasesris heaviest daring the
summer, but tbe babies need pure
milk quite as much in the winter
as in the Bummer, and the munp
cipalities that fail to insure it for
them are virtually asleep at the
switch. The eventualwrecking of
countless baby lives is inevitable.
ine uiBy f atners wno make no
provision for the supervision of
the sources of the milk supply
are not only virtually asleep, but
recklessly extravagant. D r.
Uoler's estimate is $500 a month
for a city the size of Rochester.
Put opposite ths amount tbe
economic loss due to the appall
mg waste oi Daoy lite, it is
estimated that 875,000 babies
under one year old died in this
country last year. Econom'os
put the financial value of each o
these babies at $90, so th.t the
total loss, expressed merely in
dollars and cents, amounted to
$33,750,000. And yet physicians
say that at least one-half of thh
waste could have been preyented
by the adequate supervision of the
sources of the milk supply.
f U
Holiday Gifts
i of Silverware
Silver is the first
.ii.i -, 'r.
uiougni wnen considering cms
for any season' or occasion. No more
graceful compliment can be extended than
an offering of rich silver elegant in design, per
fect in taste and in the newest shapes.
1847 ROGERS BROS.
TRIPLE
is the mark which represents the highest perfec
tion in silver plate. With this imprint on every
article you can buy
"Silber Tlate that Wears"
as safely as an expert. This stamp also guar
antees that each piece is perfect in artistic
design and hnish.
Sold by leading dealers every
where. Send for catalogue "OI"
nowrng all designs.
MERIDEN BRITANNIA CO.
(InternatlonalSilrer Co., Successor.) ..
Merlden, Conn.
wmm :
Burglar Comes to Grief.
There was a hilarious time
around the home of T. H. Davit
in Washington, state, early Sat
urday morning when the man o
the house was awakened by a
noise and upon investigation
found that a burglar, in attempt
ing to go down a chimney, had
lodged and couldn't budge, al
though he was trying his best to
get out. He gave his name as
David Fulf ord. Mr; Davis imme
diately telephoned for the police
and they came on the jump
Meanwhile Col. Fulford was. las
'ily calling for help, shouting
that he was suffering, and implor
ing his unwilling host to pull hin
out. Soon a lot of citizens gath
ered and began the work of dis
lodging the burglar. A rope was
let down from the top and Fulfon
told to grab it, but he to"
weak to hold on. The chimney
was torn -down to the roof, bu':
still the man was too far down to
jjet hold of. Finally a brick ma
4on was summoned and he, by feak
lug down the mantel and enlarg
ing the fire-place, managed to ex--ricate
Fulford. The burglar pre-,
eutecf a sorry spectacle when 1 e
finally emerged from the chimney,
where he s,.ent four very excitiDg
hours. HiftclotheB were'torn, his
skin scratched, and he was cover
ed with soot from head to foot
He refused to tals: and would give
no reason Jor lodging himself in
a man's chimney like thatc JHe
hired him a lawyer, waived exam
ination, and went to jail in de
fault of $500 bond.
DuringVChange of
says Mrs: Chas. Barday
TTur,Pviii Vt:. !'I was nassiri
through the Changeof Lif e andsuflered
irom nervousness
and other annoying
symptoms, and I
can truly say that
Ly(UaE.Pinkham?s
Vegetable-. Com
Dound has proved
worth mountains
of gold to me, asit
restorea my neaitn
and strength. I
never forget to tell
my friends what
T.vdiaE. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound has done for me
dnrlriff this trvincr nenod. -. Complete
restoration to health means so mucn
to me that for the sake or otner suuer-
imj women I am willing to mate m
trnnhlA nnrtlfo tin von mav PUbllS
this letter." Mbs. Chas Babclay,
Tl .araTiitAville. Vt
No other medicine fox woman's Ilia
has received such wide-spreJad and un-
Siualififd endorsement. No other med
cine we know of has such a record
of cures of female ills as has .Lydia i.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.
For more than 80 years it has been
imrinsr female complaints such as
inflammation, ulceration, local weak
nesses, fibroid tumors, irregularities,
periodic pains, backache, indigestion
a.nrl nervrvna nrostration; and it is
-unequalled for carrying women safely
inrougn tne period or cnange oi uie.
It costs but little to try Xydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, and.
as Mrs-BarclaysayMt is "worth moua
tlissef gold to ssfZixlfig woxstau
WANTED
l
Hickory .Nute,
, Scaley Barks,
Large JWalntits.
andf Wagon Builders.
IH Ihd wagon
DELIYERY WAGONS, OPEN AND TOf, BEST QDAUTI AND STYLE ;
THEO. ATWELl.
When in Sal
isbury visit
We sell the celebrated Geo. , E. Nissen & Co's Farm and
Log Wagons," fully warranted. V '
Old Carriages and Buggies! repaired, painted and made
as good as new. -
sNew Tops made and old Tops repaired. New Cushions
furnished and old Cushions repsired.
New Dashes furnished and Old Frames Re-covered. n
.Rubber Tires a Specialty; steel tired wheels changed to
Rubber Tires." Old rubber tires repaired. J.
All kindsof Wood and IronWork done at short notice.
We have skilled workmen in each department.
Surreys, Buggies and Wagons for Sale.
Harness of all kinds made and repaired. Call and ga
prices."
J. O. WHITE & CO.
up to date
Candy
How the Waitress Paraded tbe Drummer.
A good story is going t he rounds
about a drummer and a pretty
waitress. Here is what happened
according to the report. The dap
per little traveling man glanced
at the menu and then looked up
at the pretty waitress :
"Nic day, little one," he be
gan.
"Yes, it is," she answered,
"and so was yesterday, and my
name is .Ella and I know I'm a
tittle peach, and have pretty blue
eyes, and I've been here quite
awhre and like the place, and
I don't think I'm too nice a girl
to be working in a hotel ; if I did j
I d quit my job ; and my wages
are satisfactory: and I don't
know if there is a show or dance
in town tonight, and if there is
I shall not go with you, I'm and
from the country, and I'm a re
ioocable gin, and my brother is
cook in this hotal and weighs 200
pounds, and last week he wiped
ap this dining room floor with a
fresh $50-a-month traveling man
who tried to make a date with
me. Now what'll you have?"
Kitchen.
0000000000000:0000000000000
SPECIAL SALE
AND
GrTJE S SI3STG- CONTEST,
AT
W. B. SUMMEBSETrS.
I am offering, for cash, duriDg the next ten days, every
thing in the furniture line, at a discount of 83 per cent.
This is something unusual in Salisbury, but t'ue neverthe
less, and its greatly to the advantage of those who wish
some furnituioor other house furnishing articles. In ad
dition to this great reduction, I have arranged a guessing
contest ; as follows : In my window has been placed a can
dle, about 3 inches in diameter and 52 inches long. For
every dollar's worth of goods purchased from me, paying
cash therefor, I will give one as tohow many days, hours,
minutes and seconds this caudle will burn.. The person
making the guess will be given a handsome brass bed. This
bed can be seen in the window opposite the candle. This is
a double opportunity and one that should seoure your pat
ronage. Come in and see mv stock, get prices and anyroth
er information wanted.
Very cordially yours,
!jr B. Summersett,
(HL WORLDS GREATEST SEWING MACHINE
XIGHT RUNNING
niir
If. von vrant either a VibratingShnttle, Rotary
Shuttle or a Single Thread Chain Stitch
Sewing Machine write to
THE NEW HOME 8EWING MACHINE COMPANY
Orange IVf ass.
Many tewing machines are made to sell regardless of
quality, but the New Home is made to wear.
Our guaranty never runs out
Sold by authorized dealers only
FOR SALB Mf
HE will be
glad to see U.
Fresh Gandy
II . . c
II to Wo Sky Scraper, SALISBURY. N. C. II
Every Day. 0000000000000:0000000000000
FALL AND WINTER GOODS
The attention of the buying: public is
called to my splendid line of Fall and
Winter Cioods, Dress Goods, Notions,
Underwear for men, women and chil
dren. Blankets, Comforts, Art Squares,
Rugs, Matting, Hand Bags, Satchels,
Trunks, etc.
See our fine line of Umbrellas, the
5 largest and finest ever brought to Sal-
x lSDury, lor ladies and gentlemen.
aijc lauius are mvuea to see our
splendid line of
Coat Suits, Capes, Sweaters and Shirt Waists.
Reepectfully,
A. W. WINECOFF,
Yours very truly,
A.B. S&LEEBY& CO.
Phone No. 17.
Application for-Pardon of Andrew Under.
Application will be made to the Gov
ernor of Worth Uarolina for the para on
of Andrew Linder who was convicted
at May Term 1908, of the Superior
Court of Rowan County, of the crime
of murder in the second degree and
sentenced to the State Prison for a
term of 15 years. All parsons who op
pose the granting of said pardon are
invited to forward their protests to
the Governer without delay.
This Nov. 0th 1909. R. LEE WRIGHT,
ll-Q4t. ' Attorney.
Hiss Adelaide E. White
Voice Culture and Singing.
Terms on application. Voices tried free
Convenient hours arranged for country
and out-of-town pupils.
Studio 402 E . Inniss St. Phone 146.
9-14 4t
1SBR?
The Cellar for all Farm Work
No More Sore Necks and Shot
Call at your harness store and
- ask to see one of the famous
iBameless Adjustable
Metal Horse Collars
r " If yon do not see them write and
We u sena you our cauuun xuuy
illtistratinsr and descnbme these
ideal horse collars thatare saving
farmers thousands oi aoiiars
annually, 'i ney cure sore necra ,
artA hmi11frs and do AWa7 VltD
oiihomoc cwpnt nflds and straos.
he adiusted to fit and
th kraft- ia in the correct nlace.
nut- f Vio main thincr is tbe v do awav
with sweat pads which scald and pro-
duce sores. Thousands in use. Wont
wear out last for years.
DON'T
J. 8. MoCubbins, president. W. B. Steaohan, treasurer.
E. H, Habbisov, secretary and manager.
M'CUBBINS & HARRISON COMPANY.
Reai Estate, Loans, Insurance.
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS $30,000 00.
We are selling High Grade 8-2-2 Guano at $1.80 and
other grades at proportionately low prices. Try us.
REAL ESTATE LO AISTS:
itv itfiiZ1 ? ei-er J?a? ?r borrow mon,ey on Kood real estate secur
ity in Rowan Co. it will certainly pay you well to look info our system of
making real estate loans ; the lender nets 3 per cent each 6 months with
the best security on earth and with as little trouble to him as deposit
ing money m a bank. The security is a first mortgage real eVtatSd
with our company guaranteeiug payment of principal and interest.
to Hd w
HARNESS!
FORGET
we make and kee:
ion hand a large stock of single and double wag
on and bueev harness. We also, carry a fine lin t of Collars, sad
dles, Bridles, Halters, robes, blankets,, whips, Harness oil and other
Horse supplies. All kinds of repairing done at reasonable prices .
harness oiled and dressed for $1 .00 to $1.25 per set. Try some of
oar Horse remedies, we have the best. Come to, see us.
HABTLINB Bt COMPANY.
180 B. InneiSt. Phone 488. Salisbury, N 0.
On the 1st and 3rd Tuesdays of each month. verv
low fare round trip tickets will be sold via the Cotton
Belt Route to points in .Arkansas, Louisiana. Texas
and Oklahoma. Take advantage of these low fares and
investigate the wonderful opportunites now open in the
Southwest. The 25 day return limit . gives you ample
time, and you can stop over both going and returning.
The Direct Line to Texas
The Cotton Belt is the direct line from Memphis
to the Southwest, through Arkansas. It operates
two daily trains, carrying through sleepers,. chair
cars and parlor-cafe cars. Trains from all points
make direct connection at Memphis with Cotton
.Belt trains for the bouthwest.
Do not delay your trip to the Southwest until
the big opportunities are gone write me to-day
where you want to go and I will show you how
cheap you can make the trip and give you complete
schedule, etc. I will also tend you free our books on
Texas and Arkansas,, with County map in colors.
H. H. SUTTON, District Passenger Agent.
H. E. ALLEN, Passenger Agent
IC9 W &tb St, Chattanooga, Teon.
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