A Home Newspaper Published" in the Interest of the Peopie -and for Honesty in Governmental Affairs.
VOL. VII NO. 45.
Salisbury N, C, Wednesday, October 25th, 1911.
WM. n. oT ft WART, E DITCH
8EKERAL HATTERS OF INTEREST.
BigEiiifs Reduced te Little Paragraphs
far tie Readers of This Piper.
The following fr.m Macon, Ga.
ofOct. 19. Eugene Ely, a well
known aviator was fatally injured
at the State fair grounds Thuia
day evening shortly after 8
o'clock when his aeroplane refus
ed to riie after a sensathnal dip
and plunged with him 50 feet to
the ground. In the presence of
nearly eight thousand people
he fell to the middle of the en
closure of the mile track, almost
clearing the machine by a desper
ate leap that he made when he
realised his peril. His body was
broken in a score of places and
he died eleven minutes after the
fatal fall. Just before the end
he regained consciousness and
muttered: 'l loBt ontrol I
know I am going to die."
Michigan Baptists want Presi
dent Taft to remove fr m office
.Secretary of Agriculture Wilson
becauti of his appearauce at the
brewers' convention at Chicago.
The .annual State convention
of that denomination adopted a
resolution to that effect and for
warded it to 8, E. Nichobon,
secretary of the Anti-Saloon
League, at. Washington for pre
aentatSbn to the President.
RACE WAR IN THE WEST.
6REFN UANUaiNS. NO. 12.
Secretary of Agriculture Wil
son, who reached ' Washington
Thursday from Chicago, denitd
rumors afloat to the effect that
he had handed his resignation to
President Taft to take effect
November 15 or as soon thereafter
as suitable, "There is absolutely
no justification for the rumor,"
he declared .emphatically "I
hat' no thought of handing in
nop resignation any time soon."
fSi&aL Democratic nation a 1 com
oiitt&e has . I eeu called to meet in
Wellington January 8 to fix the
time rnd place for the next
national Democratic convention.
Mil. : Taft, the wife of the
President, has leased a cottage at
Hot&prings, Va , and will occu
py tt the last of this month.
When 'the President returns from
his Western tour, ab ut Novem
ber 1st, he will join Mrs. Taft at
Hot; Springs for a rest .
Miss Gertrude Burk of Chicago,
largest'' woman in the world, is
twenty-two years of age, weighs
825 'pounds, stands five fest seven
inchei.taud acme cf her measure
merits ire, arm, 28 inches, waist,
54; bust, 75. . She wears number
4 snoea and number 7 gloves.
When she was born she weighed
fifteen pounds, and at eight
years of age weighed 250. She
sitson two chairs placed facing
each other. Mies Burk goes
through a door by turning sde
ways, and it is a pretty bard
cqieeze at that. Efforts have
been made- by showmen to get
Miss Burk to exhibit herself, but
she has never been tempted.
Her parents left her an estate
and she does not need the money.
Rev . Clarence V. T. Bicheson,
a Baptist church pastor, in Cam-
brige, was arrested Friday morn-
ing ai the result ot a ponce in
vestigation of the death by
poisoning of Miss Avis Liunell. a
student at the Nw Eogland
C( nservatory of Music. Police
Judge Murray issued a warrant
Friday charging Rioheson with
first degree murder.
A report received in San Fran
cisco by officials of the Southern
Pacifio Railway Company from C
B. Brown, section foreman for
the road at Naples, Cat., gave de
tails of the discovery of 33 sticks
of dynamite under the Cairtan
viaduct, 20 miles north of Santa
Barbara, several, hcurs before
President Taft's. special train
passed over the bridge, enroute to
Los Angeles. : The dynamite was
found after the watchman engag
ed in a revolver battle with two
men, who escaped .
Small Town in Oklahoma Is In Stite of
Coweta, Okla Oct. 22. Ed
Suddeth, a negro, was shot to
death tonight by a mob of citi
zens who had armed themselves
folk wing a battle this afternoon
between blaokB and whites in
which Suddeth killed J. D. Beav
ers, city attorney, and wounded
Carmen Oliver and Steller Thomp
son, white men. Both men have
little chance to live.
Suddeth was wounded and then
strung up to a water tank but
was out down before diying and
locked in a vaoant building. To-
night DeDutv Sheriff Flowers at-
tempted to take the slayer to the
Wagoner jail. As the negro was
being lifted into an automobile,
the mob opened fire on him.
Probably fifty bullets entered his
Large numbers of negroes, are
arriving tonight from the sur
rounding oountry and a race war
seems inevitable. The white
men of the town were parolling
the streets and guarding their
homes. They were afraid to take
the women out of the houses to
send them to Muskogee on the
last train out.
The trouble started yesterday
afternoon. A telegraph operator
named Swaser was walking with
a young woman when Ed Ruse, a
Method of Produ Ing, Using end Compara
tive Value of Coy Peas.
Who has net heard of the cow
pea as a nay maxing ana a sou
improving piantr Ana, wno nas
not been led to believe that one-
third or more of the nitrogen and
other plant food elements found
in this plant at maturity, are left
in the roots and stubble after the
crop is harvested and oured for
hay, that is to say, out of every
hundred pounds of nitrogen, etc.,
found in the pea orop at maturity.
83 lbs . are the roots and stubble?
This was our best information
up to a short time ago and even
now some of our best agricultural
advisers insist on rc verbial third
of the nitrogen &c, being left in
the underground portion of the
plant. Like the old idea of sour
ing of the soil on well drained
land, some man seems to have
guessed at the amount of nitro
gen &o., left in the roots and
stubble and hastened to rush his
intention into print.
Now a ton of oured cow peas
has, in the whole plant, about 40
lbs of nitrogen. If one-third of
this amount were in 'the roots and
ftubble we would have left on the
oil and in the soil about 14 lbs.
of available nitrogen per acre in
oase the acre produced a ton of
cow pea hay. This amount of
nitrogen is equal to that furnish-
SOME RALEI6H NEWS.
uegro in passing pushed the girl ed by 70 lbs. of an 8-2-2 fertili-
from the sidewalk into the mud.
Swaser struck at the negro and
another wnite man, wnose name
is being kept secret, seized Ruse
and Swaser beat him with his
Today Ruse had been walking
the streets with a long knife in
his pocket, seeking the man who
held him . When Oity Marshall
Hart ordered the negro to give
up the knjfeJRas shot-At bias, -
At that instant Ed Suddeth
ran out of a Inuse across the
street and opened fire, instantly
killing City Attorney Beavers
and wounding Oliver and Thomp
son, all of whom were passing
and had taken no part in the
Suddeth took refuge m a near
by house, whioh was. bombarded
with guns and revolvers by sev
era! white men. The house was
set afite and Suddeth fled. He
was shot but not fatally injured.
William R. Hearst's announoe
lar democratic fold caused much I
speculation in political circles
eague's fate. This organization
was founded by Hearst. Hearst
declared himself Thursday night
at the opening rally of the -local
fusion campaign in the first pub
lic address he has made since re
turning abroad. "I am speak-
I hope, and also a good dem -crat.
The commendable curse
of the national democracy his
brought me back into the fold."
The Hearst audience was com
posed mostly of republicans and
independence league members
His declaration caused surprise.
Rome, Oct. 19. Over a bun
dred Turkish soldiers and thirty
eight Arabs were killed by the
explosion of a powder magazine
set afire from the Italian war-
shiD during the bombardment of
Durnah, according to letter pub
lisbed tonight in the Journal
D'ltalia from a petty officer
aboard the battleship Antoli.
Waterl ury. Conn , Oot. 20.
In Winsted there are two Mike
Griffins, Red Mike and Black
Mike. Red Mike never roie to
distinction, but Black Mike his
been diggiug graves in St.
Joseph's cemetery ever since the
town can remember. "And niver
wa.i av th' lot put what was dug
rieht." said Black Mike. Black
Mike celebrated his eighty-fifth:
birthday last week. -In the
morning he finished digging a
grave for an old friend. Then he
considered his own future
"Faith, I'll dig me own an, have
it right," said Blaok Mike. He
did, and at the had he placed a
sigh, reserved exclusively for
Michael Griffin, Esq." "I'll be
needin' it some time," explained
Gumj. Red Mike Griffin
mt m r m ill won
menttbat he ls back in tne regu- "t ZJeZZ T ""rt"
, i vieweatue yrucveuiugn irom me
fence. ' Twa'd be a yoke if I
stole Blaok" Mike's grave from
independence j him," be nid.
ser. a pretty neavy rappuoation
for most farm crops; This
seemed to be rather weighty ar
gument in favor of cutting the
vines, feeding them to live stock
and putting the manure back on
the land regardless of the fact
that the manure from a ten of
cow pea hay fed to cattle will
cover, well, what part of an aore
will it covert
Oar farmers have bean acting
on this advice for a number of
years in faoe of the daily decreas
ing fertility of their lands under
this system. W. A. March, of
Union county, took this advice
literally, sowed oats, cut and re
moved them, and then sewed
oowpeas on the oat stubble and
cut these for hay when mature.
This practice was continued till
bis land would not produce a crop
even of peas. Examples'oould be
multiplied where the pea crop has
been removed year after year with
diia'trous results. Indeed, it
now siems that the surest method
of depleting the fertility of tha
soil is to remove a crop of cow-
pea vines from it every year for a
few years in succession.
The real explanation of this
phenomenon has finally been
discovered. In an exhaustive se
ries of tests and experiments con
ducted by a number of our best
experiment stations it has teen
found that the amouut of nitro
gen, &c, left in the roots and
stubble of the coapea plant is
not one-third but about one.
tenth of that found in the whole
plant. Here seems to be one of
the leading faotors in the expla
nation of the running down of
average soils by the annual re
moval of the pea crop. Another,
and, perhaps the leading facte r
is that all the orsanio matter is
removed from the soil for a series
cf years by this method and thus
all bacterial life is driven from
tbe land which is thereby ' ren
dered dead. These dead SDils are
not necessarily robbed of their
mineral plant foods, however, as
will be demonstrated by plowing
down a cow pea crop or a good
crop of rye for a year or two in
One ton , of green cow pea
vines contains about 5.5 lbs. cf
nitrogen; 2 lbs of phosphate and
ft lb, of potash. It is an easy
matter, on average soil, to get a
growth of 12 tons of some cne of
tne rant growing - varieties 4er
aore, which will cure up into
three tons of hay.
COMPOSITION OF GREEN COW PEA
VINES COMPARED WITH COMPO '
SITION CF FBE8H COW. AND
Green cow pea vines 6.4 2
Fresh cow manure 7 6 1-6
Fresh horse manure 8i7 1.8
Gov. Harmon Soeaks at ma Swat
Featured l y an address by. Gov
eaor Judson Haru pn 6f Ohio, the
second day of the North Carolina
state fair was an auspicious event.
Gen Julian S. Carr, diairmah
of the committee on ' "entertain
ment had the members of his com
mittee together early 'and the pro
gram was carried out without a
hitch. The padrae left the Yar
botough house about 11 o'clook
and -arrived at the grounds at
Governor Kitchiu, who enter-,
taioed the ' distinguished- Oh o
governor, introduced the speaker,
Ncrth Carolina's chief executive
performed the privilege and be
spoke a welcome and reception
that was accorded the speaker a
Govenor Harmon had an
nounced previously that he would
not talk politics. He makes it a
point to leave off talking about
himself on occasions saoh as this,
but his remarks were nonetheless
interesting. A man of great pow
er and with' a reeord of achiev
ment behind him, what he bad ts
say was bjund to be interesting.
The thousands that earnestly
looked into his faoe, cheering him
at a particular hapy remark,
knew that they were in the pres
ence of a great national figure,
knew that the speaker, who spoke
so easily to them and so simply,
might be the next president of the
NEWS FROM THE CHINA WAR.
6oernment Troops and Rebels Fighting
The imperial Chinese troops
and the revolutionists have come
to grip at Hankow. The battle
as yet is indecisive The govern
ment at Peking claims a great
victory and the government
troops hold the trenches at Han
kow as well as the station, where
reinforcements are hourly arriv
ing. The rebels have fallen back
oh Wu Chang, whioh it is said
they have succeeded in strongly
fortifying in the past few days.
The casualties on both sides in
the engagement are reported
large, for the fighting at times
was at the bay met point. Dur
ing the battle between the land
forces the Chinese warships
shellel the rebels' position, but
BIGTOTING CONTEST OPENS TIME
VALUABLE PRIZES TO DE QIVEfl AWAY. ON DEOEH
BER 23 THIS PAPER WILL Q I VE AWAY A
$450 PIANO AS FIRST PRIZE.
And a Handsome 3 Piece Suite of Porch Furniture as
Second Prize, Valued at $100.
Commencing with today's issue The Carolina' Wttt&ii
man will inaugurate beyond doubt the greatest popularity
contest that has ever been held in this section. In this con
test $550.00 in prizes will be given away absolutely frfee t6
er the two most popular ladies in Rowan County and surrounds
iv- ing territory. . v!,'r lll,,k''
The contest is under the management of ttirt United
Contest Advertising Company,of Jacksonville, Pla.u one of
the largest advertising companies in the world, and"' they
have placed in charge one of their best contest managers
-who will be at service of the contestants at all times. In
this way the contest will be in the hands ot disinterested
persons thereby insuring a fair and square deal to all., , i
The Carolina Watchman has gone to a great expense'
inplacing this contest before the' people and the prizes ' of
fered are well worth your efforts to win. ;
The first prize in th's contest is a $450 Piano. This
f lano is manufactured by one ot tne largest Piano concerns
In anticipation of the flight by
the Curtt8s biplane at 11, 2 and
4 o'olook large orowds moved
nar the raoe track at the appoint
el hours and watched the great
maohine glide into the air.
Tuesday afternoon at A. and M.
athletic, deld, the Red Ud White
football teain of ttke a. and M.
College defeated the strong aggre
gation of huskies of the Bncknell
University of Pennsylvania. The
score was six to nothing, and A.
and M. put the ball over tbe line
after several minutes play .
Qlves Aid to Strikers.
Sometimes liver, kidneys and
bowels seem to go on a str'ke and
refuse to work right. Then you
need those pleasant little strike
breakers Di. King's New Life
Pills to give them nttur&l aid
and gentlv compel proper action.
Excellent health soon follows.
Try them. 25c at All Druggists.
would b9 produced on a ten acre
field 120 tons of green pea vines
which, if cut to pieces with a
aharp disc harrow, plowed under,
and thoroughly incorporated with
the hole soil stratum, would
add to this field about 650 11 s. of
nitrogen and render available 240
lbs. of phosphate and about 750
lbs. of potash.
ay tnus using tne pea crop as
green manure the farmer get
from the air as much nitrogen in
the first ten inches of the soil of
his 10-acre held as he would get
from 86 tons of manure or from
16 tons of an 8-2-2 fertilizer. He
gets as much phosphate rendered
available to the succeeding crop
as he would get from 160 tons of
manure or from tons of an
8-2-2 fertilizer. The potash thus
rendered .available is equal to
that oUaiued from over 100 tons
of manure or from uesrly 19 tons
of an 82-2 fertiliser. Aud the
humus obtained from this amount
of vegetable matter turned into
the soil will be sufficient to feed
baotsrial life for year j to come aud
ill add immensely to meohani
cal conditions and water holding
capacity of tne land
The results ot navmg lost sight
of the fact that the humus or or
ganic matter content of the soil
is the basis of all successful farm
ing have been appalling not onl
in North Carolina ' but ?over the
whole south. Can we afford to
reduce the vitality jof our lands
still further and hope to retain
ownerauip oi tnemr wnsn we
have finished this aeries of arti
cles on feasible methods of soil
improvement we Bipeot to taVe
up and outline a condition that
is even now settling down like a
pall over the farmers of North
dispatches from Hankow indicate in the world and is backed by a ten year guarantee.
Ine piano nas 7 1-3 octaves Ihree strings throughout,1
copper base strings with press bar repeating action with a '
continuous brass flange rail and capstan screw in keyV wil
iron plate, handsomely bronzed throughout. Cross bahbS
ed maple tuning pin block felt hammers, three1 pedals,'
improved muffle attachment; ivory keys, polished eb'dny
sharps, Boston fall board, tuning pins set in maple bush
ing; continuous hinges for fall board and ' top; Nor ri& f pat
ent noiseless pedal action, double veneered throughout and;
guaranteed for twenty years. This piano is the equal of
any high priced instrument in the market and would be? a
credit to the most exclusive home.
It will be given to the lady receiving the largest niim
ber of votes in the Great Popularity Contest. .
The second prize is a beautiful three piecesuite bt wicker :
work porch furniture, tan finish and is ornamental without
being flashy. This suite is one; that any lady" Would" be
nrnnri tn nwn smrl in vaIiiaH nr. 100 It tuiII ha wirroft fA'flia'
division of troops numbering 10,- lady receivincr the Fecond lanrest vote in th Pnnn
000, for tbe pnrpoBe of control!-1 laritv Contest. " "
How to Become a Contestant. Fill out the nomination'
coupon found in this paper with the name of some lady ypii
would like to see win in this contest, insert your, own .name
and send it or bring it to the office of the CaboldtA. .WachJ
man Contest Department and the contestant will be enteral!
with one thousand votes to start with. To enter the naine
of a friend will not cost you one cent and it is not necessary
for you to be a subscriber to this paper in order to nominate
your candidate. ; , : v -
The contest offers to every lady in Kowaji county pt;
a chance to-rwin. of 4hefee I beautiful, pizestaolnte
free of cost. All that is required isya few hours of pleiasaxii;
work among your friends in soliciting subscribers to the'
Carolina Watchman and Rowan Record. Subscription
blanks will be furnished upon request and if yon will. get
out among yonr friends a little effort on your part will ens
able you to win one of these magnificent prizes. We would
like to have every contestant call at our office and talk over
the campaign with the contest manager who will be glad to
render any assistance possible and will explain the contest
On anolher page will be found a coupon entitling ii
contestant to fifty. free votes. A contestant may turn in, as '
many of these free vote coupons as she likes and she is '
credited with 50 votes for each, (ret your friends to clipi
these coupons from each issue of The Watchman and Recn
ord and each and every coupon will count for fifty votes;
You will be surprised to see how rapidly the votes count up
There is a ballot box in the office of The Watchman"
where votes may be deposited for any contestants whom
you may see fit to favor with your votes. If you cannot .
bring the ballots to the office send them in by mail and the
votes will be credited to the candidates for whom they are
The main source of obtaining votes though is by get
tincr Dreoaid subscriDtibns lo The Watchman and Reoobd.
according to a cable received by old onee renewed or new subscriptions. For scale of vote
see advertising page in mis issue.
Subscription books are furnished the contestants. Tf
you have not already received same call at the office here
and you will be supplied with them at once.
RULES AND REGULATIONS OF CONTEST.
Rule 1. All money obtained by the contestants shall
be turned over to the contest manager. J '
Rule 2. Votes cannot be bought or exchanged. The
contest will be ran oni fair and square basis for all. Votes
can only be obtained by securing subscriptions or getting"
renewals, or ly cutting the nomination or free vote certifW,
cate out of each issue! Each contestant is allowed pne.
nomination coupon giving her one thousand votes. . j
. Rule 3. As soon as money for subscription is brought
or mailed to WatchmanReoobd office, by contestant votes
will be issued These votes may be dropped into the ballot
box at the time they are issued, but they must be placed in
the box before 2 p. m. December 23rd in-order'to be valid.
Rule 4. Nominators and contestants in the Watchman
Recobd contest must agree to and accept all rules and conV
Rule S. The right is reserved to reject any name for
contestant for any cause, also to alter these rules should"
Rule 6. Any question that may arise between contest
tants will be decided by contest manager and his decision
shall be final, ,
Rule 7. Impobtant. -- The contest closes at 2 o'dtoefc-pf
m., sharp on Saturday, December 28rd, 1911. Absolutely
no votes will be credited or received after this time. The?
result ot the contest will be announced by 5 o'clocki'SaturV
day, December 23rd at the Watchman-Recobu office.' "
If any Doint is not clear to a prospective contestant. wa(
should be glad to have her callat the office ahd h&? it ei
x uc uuuiCDi luaucoi win uo ait oailouurv JLOr bU9
1 J 1- . -k
that the return fire from the
forts was more effective and that
at least two of the imperial
gunboats were badly damaged.
American warships have been
ordered to NankiDg, Shanghai
and Eien-Tsin. The Abrenda,
which is proceeding to the Eien
Tsin, is carrying a detachment to
reinforce the American legation
at Peking. The capital is strong
ly guarded and there seems to be
little danger of disorders there.
The prinoe regent has yiel led
to tbe demands of Yuan Shi Kai,
who, it is said, will raise his own
ing the situation in the provinces
of Hu'Peh and Hunan. In addi
tion the new viceroy has; been
permitted to cash a personal
grant of $2,000,000.
The Imperial Chinese forces
met with defeat Wednesday at
Haukcw, being driven back: from
the city by the rebels. The ex
tent of the defeat .it ..not , yet
known, but the government
foraes are reported to be en.
trenched seven miles north of
Hankcw, awaiting reinforcements.
The warships whioh took part
in the engagement with one ex
ception, retreated down the
river. One of tin vessels, it is
reported, went over to the revo
It is feared by the legations at
Puking that news cf the repulse
of the government forces at Han
kow will utterly demoralize the
troops n)w mobilizing aud else
that ffhe provinces south cf th
Yangtse aud some of those north
of the river will secede.
San Fracoisoo, Cal., Oct . 22.
The main army of the Chinese
government under War Minister
Yin Tchang, said to number 20,
000 men, was defeated yesterday
at Kwang Shui, Hu Peh provincp,
The Chinese Free Press of this
city. The rebel army of 15,000
under Li Yueng. it is stated.
captured artillery, baggage train
and ammunition of the Imperial
army, which retnated to Sho
The caMe stated that the im
perial foices were oomple'ely
routed and abandoned their sup -ply
trains daring the retreat.
The mountain passes at Kwaug
Shui, said to be of great strate
gic value, now are reported tc
be held by the revolution. st9,
giving them control of tha Hankow-Peking
Railroad, over which
the imperial troops are being
moved. Revolutionists Lamed
the governor's residence at Tsi
Nan Fa, according to cables to
the Chinese Free Press and the
majority of the imperial troops
went over to the revolutionists.
Carolina. Bulletin from N.
With this yield per tore there ( Department of Agriculture.
Is tbe World drawing Better?
Many things go to prove that it
is The way thousands are trying
to he!p others is proof. Amci g
them U Mrs. W. W. Gould, of
Pittsfield, N. H. Finding good
health by taking Eleotrio Bitters,
she now advises other sufferers,
everywhere, to tak them. -"For
years I suffered with stomach and
kidney troubb," Bh'e writes.
"Every medicine I usad failed till rvlo inert
1 COOS Jjiieoirio oibboro.
ereat remedy helped m9 wonder- J; i A iw: w r vr
fully." They'll help any woman.
They're the best tonic and finest
liver and kidney remedy that's
made . Try them. You'll see.
5Qo at All Droggiiti.
disposal at all times.
We hoDe that a large number of ladies will enter
once, a late start is a great Handicap m a proposition?
of this sort and we urge all prospective contestants to enter;
their names and get busy right away .