A Hbme Newspaper Published in the Interest ht the 4opie' andTf or Honestyin Governmental Affairs.
Salisbury, N. OmWednes0ayi;April I7TH.-I9I2
Wm; h GTfcWArff . E oiToi
5. ? f
V.'. Vrr TTlr WVOC-vST ( I A nTV' . "R . . 3
IsjVS GREAT LESSOX FOR THE SOUTH." J Wheat Selectfon for ImproViog Bofti Yield
Kiailtdgt Mfcjriiittlg ftsiMUl for J
depends upon the prosperity, and
. therefore theeffioidncy 6t the
-average mn . Tne weltare ot
yery individual depends, upon
?t-S-- - - . -
the uplift ot the, great v masses of
Let siny f armerr walk throngli
hia.field of - wheats and he will
find that all the heads are not
alike, even if sown from the beii
standard varieties of, seed wheat.
He will find that some, heads are
longer than others Borne" broader,
some with more grains to the
head, and some tighter in the
WHY HAS COTTON 60NE UP?
AM Howto Keepn np is biiibi inpor-
f: Why .has cotton gons to ten
cents? Is it because of a normal
demand from spinners, so nsjaraf
and" normal a demand that
farmers may 'expect ten cents if
they make another bumper oropf
Or is it due to suoh conditions as
the, people.. The most important
chaff, and so on . It- has reoent-1 farmers should be warned against;
lir hdnnma fnllv lrnnwrithftt mOBttarxl mam a A nfnmntls? '
& faoVl dlsoovgr 0f4hele variations, uSless'tfiey We believe the. latter explana-
.. through the Omnt was the f?n- we diteofely induced by a patch ti0n is the correct one. Let uf
.utDiOQtii, wor,u'wiw inipurwuBu , . ,a -triatlv And ;-an -ionifln fuet to
I fully inheritable and are trans- prove our belief. It was brought
of this too little accepted econom
io doctrine, "in the United States
South especially hias been
Friiib! tbt Greatest tftrlnt Disaster in
ew; York), , AprU 1,46, More
thai IjSOO persons, i ii i feared,
sanl! to death wriyijrerterday,
" k 1 ... Afnw Ka
ween wunia ioujjvi? ;;
mitted to their progeny in full 0 our attention by J. A. Brown
and perfection. If farmers 0f Ohadbourn. N, 0.. a
. ' . ... ; j -o r , . . 1-. et: - - . "
10 accept ; ana nas paia wno are Bpeoiaiiy interested in exeoutive committeeman of , the
the penalty of its delay in a improving the yields and quality Southern Cotton Association and
tragwalW-beUteddevalopment. th - wheats will ltd ihrdulh n W State"branixer in 'the cotton
Asia can. Jthe
eitner America or ,;heir fields at harvest time, aud broD reduction movement. Mr
individual accom- -:k otU the best heals from their Brown was in The ; Progressive
XtnletS tne v great RAa anA -UramU anil " ikTA thsm 1!..m flRQ taw, Am va man n1
BILL TO CREATE CHILD'S BUREAU
masses' of: the -people have- been
trailed to efficiency. Evary mu
through iguorai.ee, lack of train
ing, or any other hindering causp
is producing or earaing one half
as muoh ss he ought, by his Jl
effioienoy is " making everybody
else in the 00m muni ty poorer.
eratio insti tutioDt, aud a - proper
for Btock seed, they will fiud that J jtrongly emphasized
it will result in a considerable lm-1 although cotton hss gone
provement in the -yield, quality cents now, our cotton Igroweri
and uniformity of the crop pro- must by no means assume that
duced another season. Even if they can plant another crop and
the farmer only pioks out eoough get ten cents next fall. The
heads to make a bushel to a bush hruth is, that the spinners believe
el and a half of select seed, thisUhat he farmers 1. are. redueing
wiliKive him enough to sow an j heir acreage, and on that as-
aoru cf wheat for the next season, (sumption they are now buying
C57a: live, in .better
oraizatiftif gdyi!!6 (and that will produce a supe'rior largely beyond their present
grade of seed. The product of I Deeds, believing, as they do, that
. ' - 11 l ? tS AH& 1 " -
this v jnouia give mm iuhjowui he. reduced aorerge will mean
seotto give him a good start tc- higher prices next fall. This ex
wards his full seeding for the plains the recent advance in the
following year, r markets all over the country.
We are following out this meth- in proof Mr. Brown showed us
od 'of ssleotion on our own farms - teleeram he had iast reoeived
and we hope by this means to from Secretary Hester of the
eventnally increase the yield ot Orleans Cotton Exchange
different varieties of wheat, whioh reporting that for the first six
wepffermaterialljy;,but farmers m0nths of this cotton year (it
can 'accomplish Very generally the raDS from September 1st toSep-
Bme results for themselves, if ember 1st) the foreign spinners,
they will . follow out the praotice European and Osnadian. had
as above indicated, and increased boneht 6.450.000 bales American
BiI4.pJCacrj.tf..iMliM ' Icotton. hile lastar tboy only
can very soon come to be realised, 7 746,000 ba'es for the whole
provided this method is generally tweiTe months.
practiced in the saving and seleo This demonstrates conclusively
Woods Crop Uhat these foreign manufacturers
numary oauis wnion nave re-
ulted.in giving the average maj
m : 'KigCegreeof 4 efficiency and
therefore a Lighf . degreevof prosV
.peritf,as compared with the' lot
xf the average man in the .Orient.
durejeii bitter toil; in shert, we
find htinian life' fairer and sweet
er than bur fellowman in " Asia,
not beoause you and I. as indi
viduals,' deserve so much better
than he, but because of our rich
er raotal, heritage. We have been
born into isociety where a -higher
leveY'of prosperity" obtains,
where man's labor and effort
oount for more, simply because
of what previous generations have
tion of seed wheat
dene for increasing the efficiency J gp60iai published by T. W. Wopd Lre bnyinJt for uture needs. In
01 ae mBiei miuuu uu.l Ar flnna. HAmiman. Kiohmond. Vs. I w .
responding decreased demand
iDSftillBg POfflDS It YldWl. f 10m them next fall, and if a big
knowledge, education and ma
chinery. As the employment of
machinery increases, an increas
ing number of men are set free
to produce some oomfot or lux
ury, with the, result that the
standard of living rises.
On the other hand, in the
Orient, where machinery is not
used to an important extent, men,
womenand children alike do the
work of beasts of burden, as well
as thatof ; human beings, for a
wage that ranges from 4 cents to
50 cents a day . Ordinarily, of
course, when' )he answers the
nidation. Whv is it that the
oriental gets Bach low wages and
1 has such a ow .earning power! "
the answer is, 4,An overcrowded
. I do not belKve it. -
- The truth is that every man
should be able to earn a little
more than he consumes ; and if
ociety be so able to handle . men
th&t thev -orodnce any fraction
more than they consume the
more the men the better the world
My owncon?ietjon is that the
"oriental nations are pooT,Iset-fee
cause of their dense population,
but because of their defective in
dustrial organization, because
that ; do not nrovide men
1, tools 1, and knowledge to
with. Ienoranoe and laok
having twooroP is mde PriceB wiN certainly
go away Deiow sec tea ceum. id
fact, if prices went below ten
cents last fall, when mills were
The Southern is
big Watson-Stillman vertical tur
bine pumps installed at its
nnMnir, .t.tirtn nn tha Y&dfcin
river, three miles below Spencer. uwubj -
. j w w hnt, what must our farmers ex-
Messrs. A. F, Stulman ana Wvll. .
Laodis. of the main office of the " T. 8 7 5 7"
firm vhinh ii in Naw York, are
present and are pushing the work bi Qn roP
of placing the pumps, each of
year with mills well stocked with
crashed into an iceberg. tt main
month White Star Line steamer
TSaihio, bound frnxLterpool to
NlwlYork, ocJier Malofen voyagg,
y?w1H went tdithe botofm rff thiFw
rroximately 2,200 ..persons
ih'irant4 Jinert some of
theH :;wQlfawiU jafpisience.
onIvf675re ihdwn to have been
saf4.tSht WKitelarne 0
IL fTt ihi fioeBiu N4w Xork, whila keeping
the faot tnai . . . ii- ; - l
. . up hope to the .lattr,were free, to
gone to ten tA2v -V--t,vt "
aumit na pu ,uoou r iw-rible-loss
olF life?' A , ?
' Acoeptiiig the the early estimates
rate tha disaster is the greatest
in the marine history of the
world. Nearest approaching it in
magnitude were the disasters to
the steamer Atlantio in" 1878,
when 574 lives were lost and to
La Bburgogne in 1898, with a
fatality-list of 571.
Should it prove that other lin
ers, notably the Allan liners,
Parisian and Virginian; known
to have been in the vicinity of the
Titanic early yesterday had pick
ed up the other of her passengers,
the extent of the ealamity would
be greatly reduoed . ThiB hope
The messages were mostly un
official andnone came di reofe.fr om
the liner, so that a lurking fear
remained of possible bd news to
Shortly after 7 o'olook last
night there came,, flashing over
the wires from Cape Race, with
in 400 mileB of which the liner
had struck the iceberg, word that
at 2 :20 o'clock Monday morning,
three hours and fifty-five minutes
after receiving her death blow,
the Titanic had sunk. The news
came from the steamer Carpathia,
relayed by the White Star Liner
Olympic, and revealed that by
the time the Carpathia, outward
bound from New York and racing
for the Titanic on a wireless call
QbjecUs to Coilict ml DUsesliiti Dtti
tony April , 7- Presi
dent Taft probably will sign with-
m a few days the bill creating a
children's bureau in the. Depart-
merit of Commerce, and ..Labor
and thus finally convert into law
approptiatidn which has been
urged upon Congress for five years
bt more. " ' ...
1 Secretary Nagel, under whose
supervision the new bureau will
perform its task, is enthusiastic
over the sub jeot of child uplift.
'Protection 'of Ihe child ispro-
teotinn of the State," he1 declared
today. "Muoh depends upon the
1 way lb trbich the- child is started
in the Ibdger of life for he is the
foundation of the Stat. If he
gets oh the debt side, he will he a
source 01 trouble for all time.
While, if he is entered on the
credit side, he will be a source cf
progress' and substance to ti p
State and nation. What we need
on this sul ject is information."
The object of the bill is the
or Hection and dissemination of
data relating to all phases and
conditions it child life The new-
bureau will be especially charged
with investigating infant mortal
ity, the birth rate, orphanage,
juvenile courts, Idesertion, dan
gerous occupatious, accidents and
diseases of children, employed
and legislation affeoting children
in the several States.
The result of the investigations
will be published from time to
time. This information colleoted
through the: machinery of the
Federal government, it is argued
by the proponents of the measure,
will be of incalculable value to
the innumerable- humanitarian
aud sociologicaljagencifcs through
out the Union, come 01 tne en
;r ILtsson Wt sfwUitrBi
We have too long tried to fol
low the custom of other sections
in making pork on corn and other
high-priced concentrates. . The
pork" producer . and the breeder of,
pure-bred stock in the South,
must alike learn the lesson of a
maximum of chsap feeds harvested
largely by the hogs and a minimum
of concentrates. By,' growing two
crops a year of those feeds most
suitable for hog feeding, land
worth from $15 to $40 an aore
will produce as muohTor mors
pork tb.au the lands of the great
hog raising States that are worth
from $100 to $200 per acre.
When the hogs are on oats,
wheat, barley Bermuda grass or
rape, at kast one-fourth of s full
grain ratiou should be given, con
sisting of about sixtr eight parts
of ccrn or rice byproducts and one
part of tankage. When the hogt
are u the ck vers, 00a peas, soy
eau aud puaunts, one-fourth of
t nil gra u ration should be given,
jonsisti a f ci ru, or rice by-pro-lucts,
Th e supplemental feeds
man not n auy acoonnt be omit
ted, for they not only prove im
mensely profitable' 4H1 tbir own
acouunt, but add tthe. value of
the cheap crops gathered by the
hogs aud produce a. healthier hog
aud a better carcass The Pro
Tbi Cattle Tick Is Going.
In six years 189.821 square
miles of territory had been releas
ed from quarantine, and since
then several thousand square
miles more has been -freed. In
California alone 67,977 mile-.
was placed above the quarantine
line, and, as the map shows, the
work in that State has been prac
tically completed. . In North
Carolina 18,99a mil-Jiad-Jeo
;. KEYSTOIE YICTCSt TKtCKKaT
Latist Ritiras lacriisiRB8S8fBlt't Y'cfi
Colonel - Theodore jBooss yelt
at Saturday's . primary uelectii
kept growing today, as tbe rethrhfl
oontinued to oome in; -
Incomplete returns give the
former President 6lTof tha Statais
70 delegates in the epUblicau
national convention . The"&oose
velt supporters are claiming 67
and later returns may carry thV
figures to that total. Colonel
Roosevelt 'won 5S of the 04 dis
triot; national delettates and h
followers elected enough dele
gates to the State .convention lo
give them control of that , body.
The State convention will nam
twelve deleiratfis at.larce-
iicverncr Woodxow Wilson
Nsw Jersey, who had no or
opposition, will have 74 orthe 76
delegates from Pennsylvania a&
the Democratic ddnvention.:: 1
the eleventh congressional distrust
the two Democratic national deM-
sates elected are favorable
Qoyernor Judson. Harmon.
they' are not pledged.
Politicians look ;npon the tri
umph of Colonel Jtooeevelt . wiln
astonishment. The; auppoxters of
the f ormr President weta1i&t
but a State organlzatioti diitif
out Van . organization in many of
the thirty-two congressional da
itrictav ,f f J. ..77 -if
The regular Republican organ
ization, jthe; fury MjMHtk
pal storm, received a crushing dp
jfeat in the loss of control of the.
State convention. It is the first.
jtime. in the, present generation,
that it has lost control of that
- Another element of strength of -
he Roosevelt forces -was, the;lTO,
thusiastson'the subject believe olT f 1 oa minersifh.
which will be driven by a 125
horsepower Kerr steam turbine
with a oapaoity of 150 pounds.
Each pump will throw 700 gal
lons of water per minute or over
1,000,000 gallons daily, through
the two 8-inch mains running
from the Yadkin rivar to Spencer.
In view of these facts, Mr.
Brown made the following perti
nent comment which we heartily
"The foreign spinner has not
forgotten the experience of a few
years ago when a crop of 14,000,
0C0 bales caused a slump in
prices from about sixteen cents
This will together with the old ( the Sttlly Paign) ,
nnmna n. in nfl. furnish a aur- about six and one-half cents.
of .urn a nm nrn ,lion. of followed the next year by
ater daily for the Southern at
spencer, maKing one 01 sue irg9i
est water systems in the State in
not the South.
mendous reduction in acreage
and a series of four, years of
twelve to fourteen-oent cotton.
The foreign buyer is evidently
antisipating a repetition of this
aotion on the part of the South-
nm cotton erowers. and it would
Jfili W yaw, 01 near graven, u l. ..i nn'nh. n.it to riiaan.
i 1 r: j..;ni,. I i-.y...w. r - r .
OUlfie BIOS. u ihoiiub win uo avi- . ,
rytb learn. We wish for his re- P" -am.
covery soon. - , - . ''Reduction and diversification
Anderson Cole died Monday, are the only salvation 01 tne
March 25tb, at his homet-nesr South in this crisis, and I sincere
ly hope that the reoent small ad-
reached ithe scene, the doomed
vessel had sunk .
Left on the surface, however,
were lifeboats from the Titanic,
and in them, as appears from the
meager reports received up to a
late hour,-were some 675 suvivors
of the disaster. These, according
to the advices, . the Carpathia
picked up and is now on her way
with them for New York.
For the rest, the scene as the
Carpathia oame up, was one of
desolation. All that remained of
the $10,000 ,000 floating palace on
which nearly 1,400 passengers
had been voyaging luxuriously to
this aide of the Atlantio, were
this venture is the precursor of a
department of human welfare.
As soon aB President Taft signs
the bill Secretary Nagel will ask
for an appropriation with which
to begin work. This probably
will be. about $25,000 fcr the
first year .
least dix men, each of whose for
; tunes might be reckoned in tens
of millions of dollars. A rough
estimate of the total wealth rep
resented in the first-class passen
ger list would reach over a half
The wealthiest of the list is
Col. John Jaoob Astor, head of the
famous house whose name he
bear8,who is reputed to be worth
$150,000,000. Mr. Astor was re
turning from a tour of Egypt with
his bride, who was Miss Madeline
Force, to whom he was married in
Providenoe, R. I., on September 9
Benjamin Guggenheim, proba
bly next in financial importance
is the fifth of the seven sons of
Meyer, Guggenheim, who founded
the American Smelting & Refin
ing Co., the great miuiug corpora
tion, and is a director of many
some bits of wreckage. The big- corporations, including the inter-
Lick Greek. He was about 63
vears of ase and lesves 'a wife and
ninhinerv. these hav kept rAsia seven children, four daughters
nnft. Knowledge and modern and three sons, to mourn his de-
tools, these have made America partuje.. YMt Cole was a splendid
jkjj. - oitizen and will be missed by a
. Lt the South "make haste to large circle of friends and rela
learo the lesion that theOrient tives. His remains "were laid to
toaohes. We must thoroughly rest at the Lick Creek Baptist
duoate all our people. Was it church, the funeral being con
not an oriental : prophet who duct9d by Rev. Thomas Larick.
rttA! "ftffv .-oeonle are de- Miss Bortha Trexler and Mrs,
.trnved for lack of knowledge?" Edward Shepherd visited
vance in prices will not fool the
Southern: people. Unless there
is areduotion in acreage and
piaotioal diversification, then
stagnation in all lines of business
is sure to follow."
Ten-cent prices now are cer
tainly no guarantee of these
figures at selling time next fall.
Keep your cotton acreage down to
the point yon have bad' in mind
before prioes: advanced.- The
gest ship in the world had gone
down, snuffing out, in her down
ward plunge, it appeared, hun
dreds of human lives.
A significant line in the Cape
Race despatches, was the an
nouncement that of those saved
by the Carpathia nearly all were
women and children.'' Should it
prove that no other vessel pioked
national Pump Company, of
which he isalso president. His for
tune is estimated at $92.000000.
His wife, whose name does not
appear on the passenger list, is .a
daughter of James Seligman, the
New York banker,
George D. Widener, the son of
P. A. B. Widsnr, the Philadel
phia "traotion king," whose
in Tennessee, 11,989; in Virginia,
11,080; in Oklahoms, 7,890; in
Arkansas, 7,220; in South Caro
lina, 2,678; in Mississippi, 2,082;
ia Kentucky, 841 ; in Georgia, 816
Alabama. Florida, Louisiana and
Missouri alone of the infested
States had made no progress, and
there is only a small oorner of the
last-named State infested. In
short, nearly 140,000 square miles
had been freed, and there remain
ed 601,694 square miles of infest
ed territory. The job was almost
one-hfth oompleted in five years.
We hope next week to hive figures
direct from the National Depart
ment cf Agriculture showing just
what has been done in the last
The man who says that the tick
cannot be eradicated talks non
sense. The man who doubts that
it will be done, fails to give
Southern Farmers credit for as
much intelligence as tbey possess.
president and director of John A
Roebling's Sons Company, is
oredited with a fortune of $25,-
Among others of reputed
wealth, who were on board, are J.
P. Thayer, vice president of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, Clarence
Moore, a well-known sportsman,
northeastern counties of the State
where the former President ran
strong. 2 y,
Siler City AprilU. At the Be-,
publican primary hld here yes
terday,, tiie delegatel were in
structed for Colonel Roosevelt for
whose wife was Mabel Swift,
daughter of E. C. Swift, the Chi-1 repudiated te
President. . There is very little
Tali sentiment inthis county and
it is a safe prediction, that tha
delegations i rom Chatham oount j
will go in'struVted. unaimomjly
for the Colonel.
Washington; April 14. The
Pennsylvania- election - has re?
versed conditions in the, Republif,0
can party, . . aooording - to. - :Ph,
opinion of the jqliticaiSjr
It looks now as if., Itooetelis
the advantage. TheBoof5reji
people are very hopeful, and
gressive, but the Taft forces lrei
under hack. Director Mokiey..f
ofthe national Taf t bureattjwjlij
confident that he ould get 60
delegates in the Qjaaker State.1
He got a mere handful.
"It is all over but the shouting;,
they are taking the- count," said'
Senator 'Dixon, discussing .the' .
situation today. "Taft is down
and out. He was knocked out in
Illinois, but didn't know it, '
The Republican voters are for :
Roosevelt, and . against Tatt,
The politicians, are for Taft and
against Hoosevelt. - Bat the r peo-
pie have rallied to JlooEevelt, and
v 71 yt a 1 : 2 a
cago meat pacser, ana unaries leauers ana amasea ioso smiso-
M. Hays, president of the Grand ereens ,he pQliticai machines.
Trunk Pacific and vice president " K7 X'-t-.
and general manager of the Grand Lhinft in iniboig.iw-ht A'n fiia
up any passengers of the sinking fortune is estimated at $50,000,-
Una- thin mieht mean a ereat 000.
mmmM-m f O -
This is Asia's most important sister, Mrs, Aioers magie, ccwusiy. rrogressive jarmer.
letson for the South, t the message Miss Odessa Morgan wno nas
that oomes to us trumpet-tongned been working in Salisbury baa rt-
fronx any thouglitful'studf .of the turned home.
ltks Like A Crime
loss of life among the male pas
sengers, as the proportion of wo
men and children among the pas
sengers was greater than the
The same faots would likewise
spell the doom of practically the
entire crew of 800.
In the cabins were 280 women
and children, but it is not known
We weloome Miss AboX homQ ' boxTTof how inany Were among the
XJ ILUsav a7i p aiuiva uanui u.10
tarnation and nov-ertv of the Morgan oacx. mmnlna. boils, soratohes. knookH.
eastern world and 61 lthe pfoblem Miss Delia Wyatt.went to Win- tprains and . bruises . demand it,
of avoidinB such a body of death ston-Salem to visit her brother; and its quicx reiiet or burns,
southern countrv.-Clar- Chally Wyatt. , t? "i7""Z" "?
nmA innl Pttiv and j- - . j
enoe H. Poe in The Progressive
does , it quick. CJnequaled jfor
READ THE WATCHMAN.
Aunt Sally and give us ? all
newi fron Riohfield Road : nilesl Onlv 25 cents at all drua- among the passengers
- '" " EijfAn. Uiats. - ' Itanic. there being on board at
third class passengers.
In the first cabin there were
128 women and . IP children and
in the seoond cabin 79 women and
Untold wealth was represented be worth $40,000,000,
of the Ti
. Ieador . Straus, one of New
York's most prominent dry goods
merchants, and notable for his
philanthropies, has a fortune also
estimatedto be worth $50,000,000.
He is a director in various banks,
trust companies and charitable
J. Brace Ismay, .president and
one oi lhe founders of the inter
national Mercantile Marine,
whioh controls the White Star
Line, who has always made it a
custom to be a -passenger on. the
maiden trip of every new ship
built by the company, is said to
Trunk Railway of Canada.
Other persons of note on the
first cabin list are: W. T. Stead,
writer, journalist and war cor
respondent; Jacqnes Futrelle, the
short story writer ; Frederick M.
Hoyt, a well known New York
Li TT ni . T-T
yacuMuiau, ury oieeper nar- R)pub'hcahs of G
per, grandson of J ohn Wesley eB oiafly 4hi mi
HaTper, one of the founders of p"fl;r,t b;;i
Harper Brrs.' publishing house;
William E . Garter of Philadel
phia and Newport and Thomas
Pears, a Pittsburg manufacturer.
Puts 2nd To Bad Habit.
Things never look bright to one
with- "the blues." Ten to-ohe
the trouble is a sluggish liver,
filling the svstem with bilious
poison, that Dr. . King's New, Life
week ; they were put in the scrap .
heap. Before another new moon
a lot, of fine political jink Up H
Massachusetts and New H amp- "
shire and other boss-ridden &$atM . 1
will be.seot so thescrap pile , -
Greensboro . 'April ,14 VThe
mirers of f ktt f.
president . Rooseyelt are ..keenly
iLtereeted in the announcement
cf ; Senator Dixori, manager f :
tha i Roosevelt campaign, -to taa .
effect that Colonel Roosevelt will,' :,
within the next ei day, comr to , (
North .Carolina - and make at least-'
one speech; Republicaias .
who, have discdssed the approaoh- :
ing yuit of the , former President .
are of the opinion that, Koosseit ,.
will makelmore than one. apsesh :
that he will likely come direct' to
Pills would exDel. Trv them.
Let the joy of better feelings end 1 Greet sWro al "wpeAkj ?fjfl : ihsu
Col. Washington Roebling, liver and kidnevs. 25 cents at I ablv several talks aoinir throuch
builder of the Brooklyn bridge,! all druggists. Aiheville and into Tenueuw
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