WHEftE POUIICAL REFORM MUST BE61N.
Tba 6o!iriiBtBt of Tbe Towns And Coun
Where thiWUnal government
' .feaio!ir"a" man-once the affairs of
f hiai.cr?unty"'"and townsnip tcucn
i : d zn timet . They are
vvlhioffa from which he oai not eg
"feapw sfeid tby deal with the fun-
??dameut!aof life. Good govern-
tijt meat will be.ver. be had no long s
the pefcple spend all their enthu
siasm oiv presidential and sena
torial -aud gubernatorial oalidi-
. dates auSi -remain indifferent to
ithamen who handle their coun
j4vty ""finances aud whj louk after
"itfuch vital thing as their neigh
::..deqrhogirft : the Jocul roads,
cf local health
' and the maiuteuance of order in
their immediate cpmmutmies.
These are notjittle jo4j8, and it is
tiolrbeneath $he diguity of any man
to giveof the best of his ability to
the doing of anyone of them.
They are entirely to important
. matters to be entrusted to men
ho' have kept their- intellects
' jfesr'mant for so lo: g that the moss
-" ha grown ovr them or who wish
J the places simply for the petty
. . . ...
.graft they make possible. let,
sach men as these are all too fre
qu9Utly choBeu.. Thereate
thousands' of neighborhoods- and
- hundreds of-cmutie in the South
which are suffering from the 1 doinf
; inatiouof what aTTforthwesteru
exchange aptl y eaHs,- tbe local
,Joe Cauuons' and Bill Lorimers."
Si A it is just as iouctf a necessity
rgpg-izi iitOv getidil- these little local
standpatters and boodlers as it is
-- it to jfttVid of the big national ones
Jifwft arto have; really good gov-
'SQPQu i ao 1 a really progress i ve
b- 4minJ8tiation of
ally of more 'importance to ycu
tLan are the supposedly big mat
ters of national policy, and you
can have a great deal more to do
with determining whether or not
they are carried on as they should
fce. More than this, the in
dividual is very likely to be a
great dal like the .neighborhood
in which he grows up. The little
local boss or political heeler
grows into the county boss or ma
nipulator and be into the state
boss or 'jack -potter." If you
want clean politics and efficient
government in state and nation,
see to iv first of all that you have
loan politics and efficient gov
ernment in youi township -and
your CDunty. -Then the men who
grow up in your neighborhood
aud your county: can safely be"
trusted hen they are sent out in
to the larger fields of state and
national politics. The man who
carelessly sits by and allows his
'county taxes to be squandered or
his schools to be ran by incompe
tents has no tight to be shedding
tears oyer the . decadence of the
Uaited States Senate or the de
magpgism of presidential candi
dates. The Progressive Farmer .
As Old Harersack.
During the great war the ladies
of the South made haversacks for
the soldiers. They were about
6x9 inches in size, had a flip se
cured with a button and a long
sfclap to go over the shoulder.
Some were marked with the com
pany, regiment, etc., on them,
but wpre by no nfeans ornamen
tal. One has just been Jef fcr at
this ( ffi:e that indicates the - mere
necessity of such a thing and the
traits to which heroic fartitude
and grim determination will en
ter before the surrender of prin
ciple can be thought of. . .
i This particular haversaoV ber
longed to a member of Co. I, 8rd
: N. 0. Regiment,; Barringer's Bri
gade, A. N. V., and is so' rrarked.
A soldier vby the dsme of Edward
BUer, became sick and died of
disease, nar Danville, Va , and
this haversack was left - there. Jt
"was foand by r F. Bforton, a few
days ago while in Danville and
was left at this office for the
f owner - should - he ?h alive aiid
' wftnUit...''"-' " " ' '
Tillman's Latest Ambition.
Washington, July 16. Th
senate 'passed today without dis
cuaBiou the ''terror battleship"
resolution by Senator Tillmn c f
dcwth Carolina proposiDfrj that
the United States build the great
est warship possible under mod'
em naval condition's to put an
end to the ''race for supremaoy."
Tillman's resolution directs the
naval affairs ;Committee to der
termiue how far shipbuilders can
go to ' build the very best battle
ship or cruiser tho world has ever
aaeu'br ever will see," and pro
poses to name the new ship "Ter
ror" and make her the "peace
maker of the world."
How To Ftgat Flies.
Begin at their breeding places.
Cover or screen all manure or
l ave it removed at least once a
week. Don't tolerate any open
-nvy P. ivy-bred flies are by all
odds the filthiest and most dan
' Ifc.m nexfc to impossible to abol
ish lall breeding places and a few
ilieg will almost invariably remain.
Scieen all doors and windows and
nake'the flies feed at your gar
bage can. Place a tfn the lid
and catch "them as they '6e out.
You will be agreeablyaarprlcaVd at
t he the r e"s u 1 1 '.i; anjf escape t ha
trap or break through the screen;
oors, swat them ' .of catch
thorn on sticky fly paper. They
deservf no better fate.
After getting your own premises
ia gocd shape, get your netgh-.
!ors interested. A nice way to
do this is to send their .names and
addresses to the State Bjard of
Health, with request that they
be sent free fly bulletins. : Discuse
flf nuisances with your neighbors..
Talk it up. Tell them and show
your house. Gentle t suggestions
along anti-fly lines are Sue to
supplement anti-fly literature.
Greensboro, July 19 An
nouncement waB made here today
that Chief Justice Walter Clark,
candidate for the United States.
Senate, will speak in the court
h JU9e in Greensboro, Thursday,
July 25, at 8 p m.
It is understood that this act
on the part of the Judge is in re
sponse to the demand of hi? friends
throughout the State, and in
Greensboro in pirticular, for him
to make at least one public, ad
dress outlining his position in the
campaign. It n well known that
a number of his friends will can
vass the State for judge Clark.
Solicitor Hallett S. Ward ot
Washington has been stirring
things up for the Judge down east
and is to open in Charlotte Satur
day night the 27th, in Monroe the
20th, Speaoer the 29th, and will
be in Madison Saturday, August 3
Friends of Judge Clark claim
that the sentiment for him is
growing among the farmers and
all over the State, and that his
campaign from this time forth
will be full of vim.
Russia and Japan In Defensive Divided
St. Pettersbarg, July 19. The
signature is impending of a pact
establishing a defensive alliance
between Russia and japan. The
momentous developemeht would
seem to be connected with the ap
proaching trip to Russia of the
Japanese statesman, Prince Kat
sura. but his visit is a mere coin
cidence. The agreement was ful
ly concluded a fortnight ago and
likely be signed for Japan by Ba
ron jMotoao, tha Japanese am
bassador to Russia, whs , was itB
n jotiator and prime mover.
. The agreement consist of two
parts, one dealing with the de
limitation of the spheres of in
fluence of . Ra3sia and Japan in
Mongolia and Manchuria which is
similar in- scope - and obaracter
to the Anglo-Russian accord of
August 31, 1907, regarding Persia,
etc. The second part deals with
the duty of the two powers for a
joint defense ia oasa either power
1 ia attacked. y-; -. "
OLD TAFT CALLS NEGROES 6ENTLEMEN.
Acknowledges His Debt of Gratitude For
Tbeir Work at Chicago.
Washington, July 19. Presi
dent Taft in a speech m the East
Room of "the White " House to a
delegation from toe National Civ"
ic and Political Negro League to
day publicity acknowledged his
debt of grutitude to the negro del
egates to the Republican national
convention pledged and instruct
ed for him who stood with the
Taft forces through ' the fight.
"I want to say to you,!5, said the
President ' how much I appreci
ate ycur standsng firm in my be
half at a time when it -was inti
mated t) the country that we
o u'd hot depend upon You. "You
demonstrated there your appre
ciation of the accomplishment of
the Republican party for t Tour
raoa in the past and your abiding
faith in its future friendships;
you stood like a solid rock'- . ,
' The delegation presented reso
lutions toi the President asking
for the restoration of the batal-
iou of the 25th Tnfautry that was
involved in the Brownsville affair,
and urging him to' recommend a
Federal statute against lynching.
Mr. Taft said in reply that he
had dne everything possible uu
dr the 1a win regard to the 25th
Infantry. He deplcred lyuchingB
he said but did not believe that
the Federal government could in
terfere in the States with criminal
Tsay, to ycu, gentlemen," the
President:, added, "that a man
who has been engaged sn a lynch
ii.g within the federal Jurisdic
tion who comes up to me for ex
ecutive clemency will have his per
tition received with that' feeling
nunisuea ana more comnieteivi
Congress Pats Ban on Prize Fight Pictures
Washington, July 19 Prize
fight moving pictures today be
came a thing of the past in the
United States when the House
passed a Senate bill prohibiting
the transportation of such m.ov
ng picture films between the va
rious States and territories or
from foreign couutries. Heavy
fines for violation of the proposed
taw are fixed by the bill. The
President, sajd to be in complete
sympathy with the legislation, is
expected to affix his signature to
the measure. . Southern members
of Congress were especially inter
ested in the proposed law because
of the race feeling stirred up by
the exhibition of the Jeffries-Johnson
moving pictures in their sec
tion -of th oountrvV Senator
Simmcfnsof North Carolina aud
Representatives Sims of Tennessee
pressed the bill in the Senate and
The Yost Re Union. . -
The tenth annual reunion of
the Yost generations is to be held
at Phaniel's Baptist church, Wed-j
uesday. August 21st. 1912. The
following pragram has been ar
ranged for the occasion :
10. a . m Devotional Exeroiaes,
Rev.. F. Davis.
JiPilcoma AddrtBS, Joseph dera-
Address on Re-Union, Rev.
T. L. Nobles .
Decoration of soldiers graves by
Schools, Rev. H. A
John D A. Fisher.
Elmer Riokard. '
0 P F sher
Address bylladies and others
Plenty of good music is assured
ana au iriwuuu mm relatives are
coriially invited to come, and
brmg.your baskets' Refreshments
will be on the ground.
The committee is as follows:
J . A, Y st, chairman ; r Jas. B .
Yost; Manuelius Safrit; Paul
Yost; T. M Yost., secretary;
M, L. Yost j J. U .Yost; R. A
: Yost. ' :- '
Seven Break Out fltisiilie WWJAPttARlrt COLLECIiOi
Jary f19 --Seven
prisoners, three white, and four
negroes, escaped froMi the County
jail last night about nine o'clock
and as yet have D'dtjjieaTlocate .
All of the prisoners had been al
lowed to stay out in the .outer cor
ridor on account of the heat, and
as soon as it was dark seven of
them slipped through, the window
after sawing two hovy bars in
two. m All of the; .prisoners- no
doubt would have escaped if they
had not been aslesp. '. '
A soon as the, 2 escape was
known the oflajers 'bt messages
all over the county tb the people
to be on the lookout. Those -es
caping are: George Smith, Ralph
Bowman and Paul Bradshaw,
white; Will BackweJl, Charles
Davis, George Allis'on and IJeid
Thomas, colored. Tae white men
had been brought h'ete from Tay
lorsville for safe-kdejping-. while
Alexander countyfisr buildiag . a
new jail, i-'
: Sheriff Deaton aajlthit aire.
ward will be paid forthev capture
of the prisoners
I wouM liki tolitnA'ke a few sug
gestions to the farioieir as to how
he can help in bigand little ways
to make his wife, at'she ought to
be, tbe bappiest ahdbest ooutent
ed woman on eartl; - ;
If thre is aeJeficno line in
reach of you, have aNphone put in
your house. If tlfer&socigr get
together with yourlilighbors "apo?
build one. It will pay you as
well as give pleasuioyour fami-
Get to w;rk on'geod :'roads in
your communityit, 5ca haven t
them a:lready; :TlKfe-a gntleier $5.(XX). These figures rep-
, . f
once a week. Get a
to ride in instead of having to use
the eld heavy farm wagon
Subscribe for one or two good
magazines for her.
Make her your business part
ner and consult with her about
everything. The chances are she
has j 1st as much sense and busi
ness judgment as you have aud
she may have more.
And remember that anything
you can do to increase your wife's
health and happiness will in
crease your own and that of the
whole family. Mrp. Lillian
Brooks Gitia, in The Progressive
New High Records in Cotton Market.
New York, July 19 New high
records were mad) in the cotton
market today with the new crop
deliveries selling above 12 1-2
cents for the first time this season
on an active demand probably
inspired by increasing fear of
orop damage in the eastern belt.
The close was several points off
from the best wilder realiz'ng, but
the final tone was steady with
prices net 1 point higher to two
Rockland Maine, July 19. All
speed records for big gun battle
ships were broken today by the
new United -States battleship Wy
oming, Bister ship of the super
dreadnabught Arkansas, during
her standardization trials. Her
speed of 23 045 knots is declared
to be the fastest ever made by a
battleship in the world carrying
Hall Carriers Will Fly .
This is an age of great discover
ies Progress rides on the air
S)on we may see Uncle - Sam's
mail carriers flying in all direc
tions, tranap :rting mail.,. People
take a wonderful interest in a dis
covery that benefits them. That's
why Dr, Kind's : New Discovery
far Coughs', Colds and other threat
aiid lung diseases' 18 the most pop
ular medicino in Aqoerica. ''It
cured me of a dreadful oough,"
writes Mrs.. J. Fi Davis, Stickney
Corner. Me , "after doctor's treat
ment and all other remedies had
failed. ror opugns, coias or
any ; bronchial affection it'a' un-
eaualed. . rrioe 6U0 and SI m
1 Trial bottl&-free at all druggisU,
Soma Straight Statistics Snowing tha Re-
- salts ot Prokibitlon.
At least in one respect prohi-
I tion ia having its effect in North
Carolina. The claim has been
made ' that the"' internal, revenue
receipts are larger now thay were
before prohibition went into
effect. This probably referred to
the number of ? revenue liceness
issued to the drug Stores nd near
beer dealers. It cannot apply, to
the internal revenue collections
proper for these collections- have
almcst retched the vanishings
point . In au effort to get at: the
facts in the case, The Observer
receutly made application to the
Commissioner of Internal Reve
nue,, at Washington, requesting
a memorandum of the internal
retenui collected on whiskey in
North Carolina each year for th?"
past ten years. The request was
complied with by Robert Wil
liams, . Deputy Commissioner.
The result "affords an interesting
study. Mr. Miller's table shows
that in 1912, the collection
amouuted to $768,240 87. Car-
rying down the statement, we find
the varying collections to be as
1903. 1899,545 26
1906" . . .
633 994 99
1910 . . .
Prohibition went into effect in
North Carolina iu 1908, when the
collections amounted ' to over
$748,000. In fcur years, the col
lectfons have droned to t a -little
ditriots where tbe liquor was with
lrawu tax-paid for consumtion
or sale, which does not determine
the place of actual cosnmption of
the whiskey. The figures, how
ever, plainly indicate the effect
prohibition is baviDg on the
liquor traffic in North Carolina.
The revenue collector is practical
ly out of a job in this State.
Some rain at this writing, gad
Water meloLS are getting ripe
and they are very delcious.
There Is said to be a good crop of
melons and cautelopes.
The school committee has taken
the census of the school district
for this year and find no great
chango since last year .
Protracted meetings, labor day
and election time is all coming
soon. The people should all be
gettiug ready fcr a great ohange,
either for better or worse.
"Gosh, Sam how do you do?",
asked my friend the other day
when I met him on the street.
"Oh, I do as I can,',' says I, " and
went on whistling Old Dan Tuck
er. Richard CorneliBon, of Lake
land, Florida, is visiting his uxi-
cle J. B. Cornelison, of this
Uncle Tom, of Ya'dkin Valley
Ripples fame, says that the fel
low with the man de apron string
of ground hog has scared him so
bad with the age limit that he is
about to back out on the automo
bile trip. .Uncle Tom has travel
ed all over the United States and
part of Mexico and Canada. He
says that some towns have a fad
for nlics of antiquity -and he was
in hopes that Pooltown was one of
them. Never mind his antedilu
vian appearance, he is too cheerful
to' ever grow old regardless of his
looks. , Sam. "is personally ac
quainted with Uucle Tcm, know.
he is-an aw rut 2od fellow, but
Sam will allow him all the auto
mobile trips desired . Ha I Ha I
'-, - Sam Snobt.
- .C - ' He Read It ' , -
Poet Has the editor read the poem
I left :bere est erday ? ; Office Boy I
think so, sir. He's away ill today, r
Cost of Maintaining Children oj tba Drore
Is $98.82 each... '
I Raletch. N. C. Julv 13 The
annual report of Rev. J. N. Cole,
as superintendent of the- North
Carolina Methodist orphanage
here, presented "to the trustees
shows that tha averago oost of the
maintenance per child in theor
phanage is $98.92 per year. There
are 140 children.- There was" paid
out in salaries for the, past year
$5,047, for provisions $4,862, for
dry goods, shoes, clothing, sta
tionery, drugs and sundries $1,
920, fuel $1,378, lights $250, wa
ter $375. building and repairs $2,
334, boys' building $8,159, farm
er's hoase $956, insurance $298.
Superintendent Cole reported
that there is great need for repairs
on the old boys' building, for a
steel and glass floor in the halls
of the main building, a Steinway
P'ano for training thu children in
;nutic, two additi nal girls' build
i gp, neo1 wh'ch is jast provided
f r ly b-' 10 000 donation "Jy
'.rs. Jsck-'in, r? K''jet6n, for
that purpose. As indicating how
urgent is tin neaHg'ity F01 more
Ci'om 6upari i!:ideut Cole rport
e 1 that during t h past ypar he
has b:en obliged to turn away
more qhildren than are being cared
f r at this tim in the institution
July 22 B. A. Feprman has
jast returned from High Point
where he has been the past ten
days on business .
Miss Norra R'nehardt has been
suffering very mnoh the last few
days from a felon on her finger. -
Mr. and Mrs. George Misen
heimer viiited at John Good
man's, fast Sunday. "
We are glad to learn tKat Hf A.
to his bed for the past week, is
now able to be out again.
Mr, and Mrs J, M. Kiuehardt,
visited at John Stackleather's
Mrs. H; A Wise, " has gone to
Asheville, where she will stay
for several weeks on a visit.
Frank Sifford has moved out
on South Main street near the
Mr. and Mrs. John Griffin,
from near Lowerstone church,
were moBt welcome visitor's at
Berry Miller's last Sunday.
Piul Boat, from near Organ
church, has bought a lot'here and
will erect a fine residence on it
at once. v
The cottom mill here is being
filled up with machinery, the
foundation of the large warehouse
is now being put down and the
brick and' other material are be
ing delivered for ten more f aotory
houses, which will be built
almost at once
Harry Park came home from
Salisbury yesterday to visit his
father aud mother who live near
J. M. Rinehardt marketed 100
bushels of tomatoes last week of
his own raising.
George Peeler, one of the Rock
well -Mfg. Co's. traveling sales
men, is at home for a few days..
At last the citizens of Rockwell
have realized the need of a bet
ter and larger school building and
enough moniy has been raised to
guarantee a three thousand dollar
building. The lot-has already
been surveyed out and the deed
made. It will '.be built on. the
round knoll southwest of the de
pot and will b) built of briok.
The Rockwell base-ball team
crossed bats with Liberty Satur
day evening, July 13, on thfe
former's diamond; and tEe score
was 19 to 6 in Rockwell's favor.
Tt was a very Quite game ana: a
large crowd attended. They will
play again soon. ;
The Rookell base ball team
would jast like to know s way. it is
that the 0hina.; Grtve bass ball
team refuse? to come and play
the return game they . promised
SareTy the China; Grove team is
as good as their wtjrd. Rocker
THE SEYEIf W5WEIS 5F TRf W0RLO 1
Kan's 6reitest Tilamptis ot Aocfsat ni
-Maflertjgaei. r -
The Editor of Popular Mecfeftn-
ics Magazine" invited nearly one
thousand sbientiats, ireprlsenting
every European and : American
school of -advanced, thought to
pafticTpate by ballot in the selec
tion of seven wonders of the mod
ern world. A balloiwai prej&r bt
containing 53 subjects of scienti
fic and mechautcat achievement .
There were blank: spades for4 tha
insertion of any other subject' the
voter mignt desue. " Bach of 1 the
eminent men tp whom the ballots
were sent was requested to Indi
cate the seven that appeared to
him to be the mcst wonderful.
He was uuder no obligation to ao-v
capt any of those on the list. "He
was assured that bis name would
not be used in connection with the
publication of thi readlt, which,
of course, precludas the priu'ting
of the list herewith
The American scientists were
selected after, consultation with
the Secretary of the American
Aoademy of Sciences, Dr. L. O
Howard, of Washington, D.: C, ;
the E.aropean authorities consult
ed were members, either of the
Royal Society of London, ' the
French Aoademy of Science, or
the facuUies of the great German
universities. The response re
ceived was cordial. About 70 per
cent of the ballots sent oat were
marked and returned. .-These'
came from the most distinguished
men of tha entire grouj), the
names of many of whom, are
household words throughout! the
civilized world: Several eminent
men hesitated to seleotlreTea in
dividual forms of progressvAS. the
most wonderful, andouxabr of .
the enterprise, but declining to
put their writers on record fur the
reason that any titles selected
would be, to their minds, in many
instances results of some general
element of modern progress, such
as electrical developement, ojiem
ical research or civil engineering,
and not, therefore, entitled to
place as separate wonderay A
class of 50 profeisorg, instructors
and advanoed students af the de
partment of chemistry of Cornell
universny, Dy supplementary
ballot, selected a list . of seven
things,-five of which are to be
found on the list which represents
the consensus of opinion of the
entire voting. Only one ballot,
the last to be received, which bore
the name of one of the most dis
tinguished authorities on chemis
try of Munich, Germany, , was
0 becked for the seven titles the
total vote showed to have been se
lected. Six ballots, one from In
dia, two from France, two from
Germany and one from the United
States, showed the selection'of six
of the final, seven. The interna
tional character of the poll and
the wide diversity of .opinion of
the men chosen to participate in
it lesulted in some remarkable
answers, and in a scalt ring of
votes over a wide range of human
achievement, so that the subject
which received the largest number
of votes was selected by a "little
more thau 85 per cent of the sci
entists voting and the seventh on
the final list by but a trifle more
than 17 par cent. The final anal,
ysis of the poll shows the ten sub.
jects highest oh the lat were.
Wireless telegraphy 244, tele
phone -185, jieroplone lOT radt
um 165, antiieptics and antitox
ins 140, spectrum analysis 126,
x ray Hl,''Pan&mafjBttfiiU 100,
anesthesia 94 8yntheUo-.chemis
try 81.' - ""-' -- . "..'-:''-:".-j "
The seven irondera of. the an.
cieht world are:' Pyriimidi of
Egypt. :., n0 ;ile3ri,odria,
Hanging Gardens ''-of Babylon,
tempte of Diana at Epheios, ita
tue of Jupiter by Phidias, caauso
ieum pf Artemisia.OolloiBtis of
Moses Eagle has lost 4iis mind
"again and the sheriff has taken
charge of him to see that be doei
no harm-to anyone. .. - "-t.