A Home Newspaper Published in tHe Iripest of jtfriTPeopie and for Honesty in Governmental Affairi;.
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Vol. X No. 19
Salisbury, N. 0. i d n esb a y , v April 29th, 1914
ww, h. Strwart, Editor
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SEED CPRM FOR .PLANTING.
Department of Agriculture Tells How
to Prepare the Corn.
Requests are now reaching the de
partment of agriculture for informa
tion in regard to prepariug seed corn
for planting. The most vital part of
seed corn selection work can be per
formed only at corn ripening time in
Every corn grower should now spend
a day or more getting his seed corn
entirely ready for planting. The pres
ent work consists of discarding unde
sirable ears, germination testing,txiub
bing, classifying the ears, shelling and
testing the accuracy of drop of the
The quality and productiveness of
the seed supply can now be improved
by discarding the poorer , ears and the
poorer kernels, . ' ' , . c':,;-.
The seed corn should now beas dry
as a bone," and among the ears that
appeared desirable Jast fall some un
desirable ones will now be found.
Discard any that have discolored ker
nels,' small size, very sharp beaks,
germs of poor development aDd appear
All the ears retained should show
good development and maturity, be"
heavy for their size and contain solid,
vigorous looking kernels of fairly uni
form size and shape. These desira
ble ears -should now be tested to de
termine whether all the kernels will
Although good seed selection and
preservation usually make a separate
testing of the germination of each ear
unnecessary, it is advisable to exercise
precaution by demonstrating that the
ears will germinate well. Ten kernels
from each of fifty ears can be tested
by one of the various methods that
have been so well described - in litera
ture. This demonstration thst fifty
representative ears-germinate satisfac
torily is sufficient evidence of the use
lessness of testing each ear of the en
tire supply. If ears of poor germina
tion should be found it will be advis
able to test each ear of the entire sup
ply In order to be able to discard those
In poor germination.
Discard the small, partially developed
kernels from the tip of the ears. Why?
Because such kernels do not yield well.
Careful field experiments have demon
strated that they grcrw into small, bar
Ten and poor producing stalks.
Discard tlje round thick kernels from
the butts'of the ears. Why?: 'BecVuse
the corn planter cannot drop- evenly if
Kernels that have been injured by
mice or weevils or that are otherwise
undesirable should also be discarded
before the ears are shelled.
Classifying the Ears.
As it is highly advisable that the
corn planter should drop an equal num
ber of kernels in each hill, which it
cannot do unless the kernels are of uni
form size and shape, it is advisable to
classify the ears before shelling them.
Those having large kernels should be
Included in one class and those having
medium size kernels in another class.
Each class should be shelled and bag
ged separately. To these bags the
planter, plates that testing has shown
will drop regularly the proper number
of kernels should be tied for conven
ience at planting time.
Shelled seed com can be cleaned and
graded by expensive, properly adjust
ed grades, but the method just de
scribed of classifying the ears before
shelling is more satisfactory.
How to Shell Seed Com.
Seed corn should be shelled by hand.
Careful . hand shelling pays the man
who plants but a few acres, and it
pays to a greater degree the man who
plants hundreds of acres. Each ear
should be shelled separately into a
hand sieve. This permits the chaff
from the cob to fall through and the
kernels from each ear to be closely in
spected before being dumped into the
general supply. The value of this close
inspection is lost if the ears are run
through a corn sheller and some of the
kernels cracked or broken.
Cellar Door Counterbalance.
The raising of a cellar door can be
made quite easy if there is a counter
balance of almost the same weight as
the door. One farmer attached this
ATTACHMENT FOB GEL LAB DOOK.
balance in the manner shown by Pop
ular Mechanics, with a rope running
over a pulley in the upper end of the
post on which the door rests when
Open. To make room for the weight
two tiles are sunk into the ground at
the right place.
HH11M 'H 1 11 1 'X-X-I-I-X-X-l-X ! I"M'
4. PLAY SAFE WITH A BULL. 4
No matter how gentle the bull
is, put a ring in his nose. Ar
range a four foot stick with a
snap' on one end and a looped,
strap on the other. Snap this
to the ring when taking the ani
mal to and from his stall or let
for water or in handling him in
', any way. Play safel Farm and
S A LIS B UR Y
ROWAN COUNTY LOCALS
The Grnb Theater has been tak-
en in hand by Measri. P,JJ; Beard
aud Col. Lv Welch, who - have
changed its name tc The Colonial,
a decided improvement. Ta&y
propose to give it their personal
The Independent Order of Odd
Fellows throughout the length
and breadth of the country will
celebrate their 95th anniversary
about May lit.
The public schools of Spencer
will hold their aniiUaT commenae
ment exercises May 5th to 8th. A
very interesting program has been
arranged bich inolades an ad
dress Friday night by Cameron
MorriscD, of Charlotte; This
school has been very successfully
conducted under the superinten
ds? of Prof. M. L. Barnes.
T h mai.y friends her will ajm
pathize with M G.Vi'e in the lest
his sister, Mrs. Ada Viele Barr, of
Omaha, N braika, who was struck
by an automobile and instantly
killed Thursday, April 16, h. Mrs.
Barr was known in Salisbury.
Rufus Iseuhoar, an enterpris
ing brisk manufacturer of East
Spencer, has purchased the Fit
geru'd brick plant in Durham
Improvements are beiLg made at
this plant, which is to have a ca
pacity of 250C0 brick per day
and T. A. Howell, of Spencer, will
have charge of its operation. Mr.
Isentoar is interested in briok
plants here and at Whitney.
Messrs. T. D. Brown and B. B.
Miller have, owing to some agita-
tion ; on the ' sabjecV : deolared I
the Corporate Timiks of the oity of
A doien or more parties weie
before the county court last week
on a charge of retailing, a mapri
ty of whom were negroes or poor
whites. This was a result of an
effort on the part of the citizens
of East Spenoer to break up the
traffic in whisk? selling in that
community. Most of the partus
arrestad were cenvioted and given
chain gaDg sentences, Bome were
let off with a fine and others were
found not guilty. This is all r.ght
Bud, but why are they permitted
to go unmolested in Salisbury? '
The many friends of J. A Pra
ttler will regret to learn of the
destruction of his flour mill at
Gold Hill last Wednesday morn
ing, Mr. Prather had some in
surance and may rebuild, but he
l .sea his labor for the past' two
rears. There was considerable
wheat stored i th? mill by other
parties on which there was no in
surance and will be a total loss to
the owners. It isjhoped Mr. Pro
ther, who is a splendid miller and
citizen, will rebuild and remain
at Geld Hill. Those who owe
Mr. Piather would do well to set
tle and thus lend that sulstanial
enoouragemt nt to be so much ap
preciated at such a ttme.
Surveyor CM. Miller with a
force of assistants is preparing a
map for the town of Thomssville.
-L. A. Fesperman, of Faith, was
in town today and brought his
wife to the Whit headStokes
Sanatorium for treatment. Mrs.
Fesperman has been ill for some
time. Her many friends hope
that she will soon be restored to
J. G Bennett, chief operator of
the Western Union Telegraph Co.
here, a member of Company H,
sec nd regiment State troops, has
ben called home, Olinton, N. C,
t join his company. Just why
was not revealed.
Freight train No 88 wai derail
ed near Oid Fort Sauday morning
and delayed tua passenger trains
for several hours. Five oars left
the track and killed some twelve
or fifteen head of cattle, injured
and scattered a number of others.
A man by the name of E, A.
Poteat, said to be from Salisbury,
was f und dead in bed in a room
at the Mansion House in Char,
lotte Saturday about noon . Ad
empty bottle which bote a label
indicating that it had oontained a
hypnobromio compound wsa. found
on the washstapd, the contents of
which it is believed he drank. His
remains were sent to a point
Sduth Carolina for burial.
The citizens Jacksonville, Fla . ,
are making great preparations to
enlsrtain the C:nfederate veterans
who will attend the annual re-union
there next week.
Lee Ludwick, Raymond Wither
spoon, and Alger Mabaley, Salis
bury boys who are bluejackets on
the battleship Rhode Island and
who have been at home on fur
lough, were ordered to report for
duty at once Saturday. Their
ship was in dry dook at Boston,
Mass., and. they left Saturday
night. There are a number of
other boys f rem this section on
the battlespips now in Mexican
waters. Robt. MoNeely, son of
the late Win, McNeely, is captain
of the Louisiana, Stewart Cuth
rell, son of Mr. and Mrs. E. Cuth-.
rell is on the Nsw- Hampshire,
aud Clifton QuinTi, Bon of Mr.
and Mrs. M. 0. Qiinn, is also
RevWa'.terL. tingle, D. D .
one of the 1 lading members of the
Southern Presbyterian Church
and a member of the faculty of
Union Seminary at Richmond,
was in the oity this .. week.'
Dr. Liugle is one of the men Thb
Watchman had in mind when it
said recently that if the people of
Salisbury and Rowan County
were to furnish the means to build
and equip a boys' oollege,. they
should see to it that a Rowan man
would have' charge of it. This
paper believes, without - any - dis
first, last' arid all t he timrt' io f sr
as it is possible and expedient.
The fifteenth district meeting
of the Junior Order United
American Meohanics will take
place with the council at Nor
wood next week, May 5 h and 6tb.
This district is composed "of the
councils in Mecklenburg, Stanly,
Cabarrus, and Rowan. Quite a
number from Salisbury and vioin
ity will attend.
Theo. Atwell, who has conduct
ed a grocery business here for the
past twenty years, has disposed of
his stock aud business to Messrs.
0. D. Warlick and James A.
Cheatham who will continue the
business at the same stand on
North Main Street near the sky
scraper. Mr. Warliok has-been
in business here for several years
and is muoh liked by all ' who
know him., Mr. Cheatham is a
brother of Mrs.- W. B. Smoot and
is from Youngville, N. 0. He
comes highly recommended' The
Watchman hopes these, young
men will meet with abundant suc
cess. Mr. Atwell retires owing to
poor health which" he hopes to im
prove by taking a rest.
At the reoent meeting of the
ex entive committee of the N. C.
Lutheran Synod in this oity, $10Q0
was appropriated to assist in the
ereot'on of Calvary. Lutheran
Church, at Spencer. Rev. Geo H
Cbx.is pastor of this church which"
has a splendid new edifice now
The city fathers have purchased
a n3w street sweeper. This ma
chine does not look like an ex
pensive affair, yet it seems to be
an improvement over many others
Itsweeps the streets, pioks up acid
carries the dirt to poiuts des red
It is a one horse machine and
looks like a business proposition
instead of an extravagant show 83
often the 38 se in city purchases.
The good work cf " presenting
bibles and flags to the, schools
throughout the county continues.
Last week the schools, of Scotch
Irish Township, Pine Grove,
Teagaes' and Scuth River, were
vitited by representatives of the
patriotio orders and presentations
made. A flag was also presented
to the sohool at China Grove Friday-
BOMUS OFFER CLOSES.
ONIpNiNl QMS MORE FOB-WORK.
v ' ilS?--l -T4 V-' "iB,WBBSJBlBBiaWaBBBBw
ThMoiiie Stretch is Be
fojpMpa, Make the Best of It.
Tbellfeiig'HBbnUs period closed
today fsef boon, 4d about all
of the f Instants have made a
plendfd tAhowingrt some better
than otbrf.cf bourse. Now that
the laiWtfldjs to be made let
every t i& (or ward without fal
teringiyf withsaoidea or suspioion
of faild rifreare many who
can bli&tin yet, many who
haye ntven been approaohed,
aud sol UwIjo have promised but
have n tjr3 paid up. The har
vest iB.jtJathi field is large, the
laborer eJffevK and the.' reaping
is onlyfled-ljy the tact and
energy I fee-reaper, so donH
loiter by iWwayside, but rather
speed uv oei limit and make
success fly lore . ; Now is the
time t04&& a' systematic can
ass, a Uuie )ib house canvass,
for a lit! Aort of. ibis kind will
surely U g''rettlts' -greater than
one wool trnki Hesitation will
not help? jne conldjnt tharefure
and pro'd1 with assurance of
success, ft aby one oan scare
up S. do! flbd wl be glad to
give yorf smltl an enorurage
ment, b Edvhhey will get the
papers, ftygvorth the monefor
the time djforv oner two, often
Report -5flij be "e in both
Thf WaIm ftUdECjBp un
til he.oli pfatorl'each paper
and see bf4er:on grcwjV
Tyt rejslight chaQtf4n
I ' KGt-cWf -itlition
. 5 1
blott gra contest manager,
is no Tont 10. in any wise con
nected wi-jjertsris office or this oon
test. Le- lis money, or checks
sent to hi 4 will be at the sender's
risk. SeowAtj communications to
The Caa Watchman, or
Wm. H h.tlwart, Salisbury, and
proper a, Wtion will be giveii
rame. rnofeer item is to tho
effect thH?he closing date has
been chal.? to noou, Saturday,
Mayth,rsB&d My 6th. Thit
change w made neoessary cn
account C iJh;f' large amount of
work theMt3 force will have to
look afteiL&s Wednesday, making
it impossi give proper atten
tion on tl4ae first named, Thi?
applies to tiali9 end will give all
three extr?..as to ronud up the
oampaigtti !)bfch ought to be a big
help. . '
All vot-jf sust be in The
WATCHMAfElbcE by 12 m. Sa
nrday, Ma s'ltbi when they will
ho placed A 4ha ballot box and
turned ov,jhree! judges wire
will count lr and! declare the
results. , $h hjndges, some of
Kell0:-Haine5 Singing Party as
They Appear In Light Opera
I -si fc ' ' ' . - I
' L ''' 1 '
jEr-. ' l I
1IGHT OF fi-lly tie well known Kellogg-Haines, Singing Party wUl be
anothe'fc(t eiijoyable erent of Chautauqaa week. One -pf the
. operas'1 thlk company presents is "Lovely Galatea," the entire
"rendiflf a'&ejng given in addition to brief selections from other operas.
"Where, ho the Idate of this company comes on Sunday at a Chau
tauqua they W fssnt aelecttons from the oratorios instead of grand opera
c win stva a jm oonctrc
mcst prominent and oapable men.
Frank R. Bbown, Chm'n.
LfeE M. Mock,
. Prof R. G. Kizeb.
Th vote at noon to-day stands
Salisbury R F D 1.
Mrs. Allie Hoffner. ..... m 200
Salisbury, ft F D 2.
Miss Eva Black welder, 169 600
do Anna Watson 127 200
-Salisbury, R FO 3.
Miss Letha Peeler 189 000
Salisbury, R F0 4.
Mrs". Fannie Morgan. ... 90 200
Salisbury, R F O 6.
Mrs. Rhoda R. Ssf nt ". . . 100 600
Salisbury, n F D 8.
Mrs. J". M. YpBt . . ..... 65 600
Miss Ollie Gray 128 800
China Gro ve.
Miss Ada Linn . 168 200
Sophie Graham. 189 000
MarySifferd 140 800
J. A. Roberts 120 200
China Grove, Route 1,
Miss Aggie Lipe 189 000
China Grove, Route 2.
3liss Lottie Fesperman 182 800
n&nnspoIi, It C
Miss Nora MoLaughlin, 140 800
Miss Ila Safrit 120 400
Miis Elsie Misenheimer, 127 600
Rockwell, R 2.
Mus Annie Bost 95 200
Miss Doris Ritohie 106.800
Richfield, R 2.
Miss Carrie E. Shaver. . 180 000
Gold Hill, R 1.
Mrs. Erma Morgan 98 800
Craven, R 1-
Miss Essie Skeen . . 118 400
Jubilee, R 1-
Miis Mary J. Elverson . 100200
1 year $ 1.00 2,000 votes
2 years $ 2.00. ..... 7,000 votes
8 years $ 3 00 12,000 votes
4 years $ 4.00 ...... 18,000 votes
5 years $ 5 00 ..25,000 votes
10 years $10.00 75,00 J vU as J
CHINA oWE HIGH SCHOOL CLOSES.
Address bj Hon. J. Y Jojnerand Dr Brew
er. Medals and Diplomas 6iieo.
China Grove, April 24. The
olos ng exercises of the China
Grove High School were held here
today in the auditorium. The
primary departments rendered an
operetta Thursday night entitled
"Snow White" to a naoked house.
The exeioises Friday morning
ujusnwa oi an address by J. Y.
Joyner, State Superintendent of
Pubilo Iustroction. His speech
was a plea for vooational educa
tion. The afternoon was given over to
patriotio sooities. Dr. W. B.
Duttera explained the school
commission of these orders P
S. Carltcn presented the flag.;
which was received by Rev. C. A.
Dr. Brewer's address on the
"Constructive Foroes cf Smeri
can Life" was delivered in his
usual forceful style.
Th following medals were
awarded: Physiology, Sumter
Oarpejter; science, Arthur Ketch
ie math imatics, G.ace Ketchie ;
Bible essay Battle Kimball;
holarship, Effie Weaver; attend
ance, Cbaries Faergart; United
-Hates History, Ruth Offman;
Geography, Ethel Blaokwelder;
grammar. Mack Eddleman.
Rnth Brown, Willie Thomas
and Bittle Kimball were grad
uated. This is the first grad
uating clasa in this school.
$200,000,003 Mortgage. .
Tarboro. N. C, April 26
me Diggest mortage ever re
corded iii Edgecombe county
is being placed on record by
Register of Deeds ; H. S.
Bunn- It is $200,000,000
paper pi traeAiantic Coast
Line and Sntains 32i000
words. L It reouired 4hree
days to place the mortgage on
record. 4 x
Spartanburg, S. C , April 27.
After having been out less than
two nours tne jury, in . th case
of Clyde O. Clement and Miss
Laura F. Pendleton, who have
been on trial here during the paet
week for the drowning of a baby.
tonight found Clement guilty of
murder and Miss rendJelon not
guilty. Clement was reccom
menctea to mercy, wnicn meacs
under South Carolina proceedure,
that he will be sentenoed to life
The biby, alleged to have been
the d inghter of the two defend
ants was found in a millpnd
January 81. Each of the defend
ants accused the other of baviog
thrown the child into the pond
the night before, from a bridge.
They admitted having gone to the
bridge together with- the baby,
but eaoh professed ignorance of
the intention of the other,
Miss Pendleton's tesimouy dif
fered somewhat from an alledged
confession made by her, after her
arrest in whioh she quoted as say
iug she unwillingly consented to
the death of the baby after Clem
ent hd promised to marry her
if she acquiesced and threatened
to abandon her if she thwarted his
All American Ciiiliaos Ordered Out of Vera
Vera Cruz, April 26. Definite-j
instructions from Rear Admiral
Badger, commaiider-in-obief of
the Atlantic fl-et, to ell American
non -combatants to leave Vera
Cruz by the steamer Mexico were
po ted at the Consulate and oth'-r
conspicuous places today .
The order stated that all must
be aboard the ship by 4 o'clock
th s afternoon Many objected tc
the ( rder and especially rebellious
were the w imeu ose husbands
till are in the interior. Knots of
these held indignation meetings .
The explanation was ffered
.that food supplies ai.d h( nsiug ac
commodatious rap-diy were
coming serious problems and there
was danger of disease through
overorowded oonditirns. It was
intimated that this might be tb
last opportunity for some time for
refugees to rach the Uiited
Consul Canada gave assurances
that the United States had been
caring for such persons at the
ports where they were landed and
was providing for them.
Sucklen's Arnica Sal vo
wiaWi1 '- m aj
: 1 1 . ;
KUERTA ACCEPTED THE 6000 "OFFICES"
South Amarlcas Diplomats Now Bosj Oi-
fisiDg i course to Pursue..
Washington, April 27. Formal
aooeptane by the Haerta Govern
ment of the offer of Argentina,
Brazil and Chile to use their good
offices to bring abont an amioable
settlement of difficulty between
the United States and Mezioo was
oabled to ySpaniBh Ambassador
Riano here tonight by Portillo
Rojaa Foreign Minister in the.
Senor Rojas' note was, trans
mitted at once to the three South
American diplomats, who began
a conference which footed far into
the night diioasBing the next
move in their peace plan. Secre
tary Kryan, having accepted the
c ff er of good offices wfeen tendered
the United States Saturday, the
first step now is completed and
the way paved for actual nego
tiations looking to a peaceful
clearing up of the situation.
Neither Ambassador Riano nor
the peace envoys would make pub
lic the text of the Huerta accept
ance. It was said, however, that
senor Rojas replied briefly, ac
cepting the offer and thanking
the South American plenipoten
tiaries and the Spanish Ambassa
dor for their good offices, with a
reference to "the real spirit of
iolidant between peoples of a
same race '.
No conditions are imposed in an
offer of good offices, consequently
she reply from Mexico City, was .
net expected to deal with con-
ditions. 'That stage will be reach
ed whea the peace makers, formu
late their plans and make known
how they propose to use the good
offices which have been accepted.
It was suggested tonight that they
probably would ask the Washing-" ,
ton and Mexioo City Qoverments
tomorrow - for statements as io '
wnat eaih would -demand in thar w
event formal, mediation were- up :
dertaken, and that upon the na'- '
ture of ' the resoonsea to thin ww , -.
m-j.it-am mm mt ff i ,? i wwt , "'.
MEW YORKERS VISIT SALISBURY.
Among t the Visitors 64 Were Prisoners
Here During the War.
Yesterday Salisbury was host
to 258 prominent New Yorkers,
leading State officials, Sena
tors representatives and-veterans
of the Civil War composing- the
monument dedication commission
created by that State two years
ag-o to erect a monument in honor
of the Federal dead buried in
' Traveling- in two special trains
of Pullman cars, the party was .
cordially welcomed in Salisbury
by Mayor W. H. Woodson, and
others. The coaches were stop
ped at the Federal Cemetary near
the citv limits, where the visit
ors went to the graves of 12,148
Union soldiers buried here. At
the head of the party was State
Senator A. J. Palmer, who is
chairman of the commission and
acted as master of the ceremon
In his address of weleome May
or Woodson was roundly applaud
ed by the New Yorkers. A
prominent speaker of the occasion
was John Kerrigan of New York
city, who gave an account of the
work of the commission for which
the legisl ature appropri ated $20,-
000. Other interesting- speakers
were Col Samuel Pierce of New
York, a former prisoner at Salis
bury, and Robert Drummond.of
Auburn, N Y., who gave a grah
ic account of his awful experi-A
ence in the Salisbury prison.
"Rally Round the Flag" was
sung in an effective manner by
Miss Mabel McKenzie of New
York, a daughter of a union sol-
dier. No lss than 64 of the
visitors were survivors of the
prison experience in Salisbury.
The party left last night for
Andersonville, Ga., where today
a monument is to be unveiled in
honor of 13,722 federal dead.
Eat HoTMfTfor Snails. ,
Exportation ofvhundreds of thou
sands of Roman, or white, snails to
the United States this season has led
to a snail famine in Paris. To stop
the American demand, the Roman
variety is being "grown, and French
cultivators are nursing the American
trade because higher prices are ob
tained from. Americans. Meanwhile
shells Ingeniously filled with carefully
prepared cones of horseflesh are being
sold as genuine Romans In many
Paris restaurants. "
Railroads Needed In Alaska
More than 99 per cent of Alaska is
owned by the United States,' and this
vast area was bought by the govern
ment for less than two cents an acre.
For developing the territory about
ten thousand miles of railroad will be
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