THE ROWAN RECORD, CHINA GROVE, N. C.
YIELD TO PRESSURE
PASSES FIVE BILLS
TO OUTLINE TERMS
S'-AVES BATTLE HARD BUT RE
TIRE STEADILY' UNDER PRES
SURE IN RUMANIA.
ADJOURNMENT FOR HOLIDAYS
TAKEN BY CONGRESS UNTIL
JANUARY 2, 1917.
YEMfc SENTIMENT S
Ant WMs " 'H
WILSON ASKS NATIONS
WHICH WOULD END
FLOWER unblown, a Book unread, a Tree with fruit unharvested:
A Path untrod; a
A Landscape whose
A wondrous Fountain yet
This is the Year that for
The Old Year.
By JOSH WINK.
We bid goodby to thee, Old Year,
But not with sad regret;
For long the scars of thy sore wounds
Will be upon us yet.
A record thine of blood and woe.
Of nations in fierce strife,
The greater one for world control,
The weaker ones, for life.
Thou hast kept arms in men's gripped
The tears in women's eyes,
The dread in little children's hearts.
Death rattles in their cries ;
Lands hast thou swept of homes and
Where toil contented reigned,
Thou hast brought flame to scorch and
With blood the soil hast stained.
Across the seas thy direful work
Hast planted seeds of hate
In fearful deeds and wrath to come
To live and germinate.
O fateful year, O fatal year !
Pass from our shuddering sight.
God grant the year which waits its
May bless where thou didst blight!
At the Year's Close.
By CHARLOTTE FISKE. BATES.
If fault of mine, or pride or fear,
Has cost one soul, or far or near,
One bitter pang, one burning tear,
May the hurt die with thee, Old Year.
Ilf sorrow ever deafened me
So that, in vain, on Doubt's dark sea,
One called on me despairingly,
Old Year! O, hide that cry with Thee!
If gracelessness In anything
Has weighted some poor struggling
Or heedlessness has left a sting,
O speeding year, my pardon bring !
If I have failed where need was sore,
Appreciation's wine to pour,
Selfishly keeping it in store
Now, Heaven absolve me, I Implore !
May every wrong and hurt of mine,
Or felt or given, leave no sign,
Touched with the blessed anodyne
Good will! God's peace! the Birth
A Poem for the New Year.
By S. E. KISER.
J will start anew this morning with a
higher, fairer creed ;
I will cease to stand complaining of
my ruthless neighbor's greed;
I will cease to sit repining while my
duty's call is clear.
I will waste no moment whining and
my heart shall know no fear.
I will look sometimes about me for the
things that merit praise;
I will search for hidden beauties that
elude the grumbler's gaze;
T will try to find contentment in the
paths that I must tread.
I will cease to have resentment when
another moves ahead.
I will not be swayed by envy when my
rival's strength is shown;
I will not deny liis merit, but I'll strive
to prove my own ;
I will try to see the beauty spread be
fore me, rain or shine
I will cease to preach your duty and
be more concerned with mine.
One of the Tests.
Hyker Muggins Is a good friend of
yours, is he not?
Pyker I guess so. He's always ten
ills' me my faults.
BOY TAKES NAP IN TRUNK
"Parents Have Long Hunt and Are
About to Caii Police When
He Is Found.
Portland, Ore. Edward McBrkle, an
eight-year-old lad who liys with his
parents at No. 427 Tenth street,
tcrp arled into a trunk, lowered the lid
abtf went" to sleep the other night.
... Missed by his parents, they Scoured
the neighborhood for two hours. They
were on, the verge of calling into aid
tygi vuuv Sm
House whose rooms lack yet
wide border lies in silent shade, neath silent skies;
unsealed, a Casket with its gift
you waits, beyond tomorrows
Goodby, Old Year.
By THEODORE H. BOICE.
The time has come to say goodby,
Old Year, for we must part ;
And 'tis reluctantly we speak
The word that wrings the heart. ,
For you have been a faithful friend
Through all your 'twelve-month stay.
A friend who clung to us by night
And walked with us by day.
We well remember when you came,
A bright and smiling youth.
With all the promises of hope
And, all the cheer of truth.
We hailed you then with merry shouts,
And fondly clasped your hand ;
With you we started on the road
To newer conquests planned.
'Neath sunny skies we journeyed on
Along life's thoroughfare,
And you were ever at our side,
In all our joys to share.
Through days of toil and days of rest
We always found you near,
A loyal friend, companion true,
With purpose ever clear.
When skies were dark, and rough the
And grief and trouble came,
You through misfortune to us clung,
Your friendship e'er the same.
Through summer's heat and winter's
Through gladness, doubt and fear,
You with us steadfastly remained
A loyal friend, Old Year.
But now you're sadly aged, old friend,
Your hair is white as snow ;
Your steps, once firm, are faltering,
And you desire to go,
We cannot keep you 'gainst your will,
And so 'tis with a sigh
We clasp your trembling hand and say
"Goodby, Old Year, goodby!"
By RAY I. HOPPMAN.
Gaze forth on the bright, shining sun
Think not of the faults and mistakes
of the past,
Nor drink from the gall flavored goblet
Take one backward look and let that
be your last
The old year has gone and the new is
The road to the future is open to
So mingle your voice with the joy
And heed to the call of the year that
Away with the thoughts and the words
The wrongs of the past and the
things that annoy;
But substitute action and deeds opti
mistic And anchor yourself In the harbor
The future depends upon striving and
And doing your best with your own
The slogan of all should be "Doing or
Just swing into line with a good run
Forget all things past that are border
ed with sadness.
Retain only that which is wholesome
Oh ! may the new year be o'erflowing
A gladness unstinted, minutely com
plete. So keep straight ahead on the new
The sunshine is bright and the sky
is clear blue ;
Retrace not the. past's narrow, rough
ened old byway,
But travel the road of the year that
Green Didn't you find it uncomfort
ably warm at the theater last night?
Brown Oh, no; the play was a
the police bureau.
As a last resort, to make sure the
lad was not in hiding, Mr. McBride
looked behind the trunk and in so do
ing heard what he recognized as "the
noise of a sleeper," and opened the
trunk. There he found Edward com
fortable on a soft stack of clothes.
The. lad explained that he was tired
and merely crawled into the trunk for
Electric lights have been inserted in
the eyes of two famous Japanese idols.
the heart's divine perfumes;
The New Year's Com!:.
By FREEMAN E. MILLER.
Better hurry, Mister New Year ! We've
been waiting, waiting long
For the romping of your rapture and
the laughter of your song.
And the gate isstanding open where
the living dreams are sweet
While the happy hands of welcome
scatter roses for your feet.
Hurry, Mister New Year,
There's a welcome warm for you.
Where the hearts of hope are wait
ing And the dreams are coining true h
Hurry, Mister New Year! We are
weary of the king
That has ruled so long with sorrow
he's forgotten how to sing
We are weary of his scepter and the
burdens that he knew,
And we're waiting in the highways
with a welcoming for you !
Hurry, Mister New Year!
Lo, the morning purple gleams,
And the heart of hope is waiting
For the crowning of its dreams!
Little New Year.
By KATHERINE FAITH.
The old, old Year goes out at the door.
But the little New Year comes in ;
And to take the place of the squan
There's a Year just about to begin!
He's a dear little chap, is the small
And deep in his eyes of blue
Is the promise of all the joy. that life
Is holding In store for you.
Health's shining there if you'll cross
To live with a wise discretion
And then follows Sleep, and then fol
And Love joins the dim procession.
And trailing behind are the ghosts of
That wait on the Grown-Up Shore,
And haunt all the paths of After-a-
That lead to the Future's door.
The New Year stands on his tippy-toes
And puts In your two brown hands
The reins of his steeds, I CAN and
To drive through the deep life sands.
And hard he stares with his wistful
Wond'ring if you'll get through
And hoping that all of the dreams he's
Will have the good taste to come
New Year Greetings.
By R. T. HART.
From out of the dark and silence
And separation long
In grateful, glad remembrance
I send this little song:
The year has seemed a long one
Without your voice, your smile,
Yet blessed, holy memories
Have cheered each weary mile. .
In absence still I cherish
These memories of you
And send these lines on New Year's
To pledge my faith anew.
God grant that ere it closes
,-All blessings it may bring
To you who've brightened many years,
And to whom now I will sing.
May it be bright and happy,
And may it's smiles and tears
Weave o'er your life a rainbow
Of hope for all your years.
Hazel Cold comfort comes in small
Aimee Well, why don't you pa
tronize some other ice man?
Bear Not Afraid of Auto.
Rloomsburg, Pa. On his' way to
Benton Edward Fallon of Danville, in
his automobile, was stopped by a full
grown black bear, which trotted slowly
along the road in front of the ma
chine, 'stopping every few feet. After
keeping in the road 100 yards the
animal went over a bank into the
woods. Within a week four bears,
three of them of good size, have been
seen in that vicinity.
The word dollars was first thaiei.
6IG GUNS ARE ALL ACTIVE
Peacv Notes Are Delivered, Wcrld
Awaits Answer to Steps in Direction
to End the World War. All Nations
Fighting a series of defensive bat
tles, but slowly yielding to the Teu
tonic pressure, the Russian rear
guards in Wallachia and Dobrudja are
being pressed backward to the north.
Heavy fighting is in progress in the
vicinity of Rimnik-Sara, midway be
tween the Buzeu and Sereth rivers in
Wallacha. - Russian advanced posts
at Rakoxitcheni, in the foothills of
the mountains west of Rimnik-Sarat,
were compelled to retire after bat
tles at that point and at Vandulsore
so An engagement at Balatchenui,
south of Riminik-Sarat, also is record
ed, indicating that the Russian lines
still protect that town.
These engagements are regarded by
some Teutonic military critics as ah
effort on the part of the Russians
and the Roumanians to cover the re
treat of their armies and of the Rou
manian refugees across the line of
the Sereth river and to cover the
flank of the Russo-Roumanian armies
fighting in the Carpathian mountains
In Dobrudja the Russo-Roumanian
defensive line is reported to have
withdrawn northward until it is only
13 miles south of the northern 'ex
tremity of that province.
One artillery activity is recorded on
the Russian front in the vicinity of
The big guns are active also in
the region of Hardamont and Cham
bretta, near Verdun.
Operations on the Macedonian front
are being prevented by- bad weather.
The American ambassador, at Pet
rograd delivered the German peace
note to the Russian government Sat
urday, and President Wilson's note
to the belligerent governments was
handed to the Italian foreign minister
by the American ambassador at Rome.
It is unlikely that the reply of the
entente powers to the German note
will be dispatched before Monday and
it may be delayed for ten days, ac
cording to the British foreign office.
This is attributed to the delays in
communication. It is reported in
Taris, however, that the reply is al
most finished. Rumors are circulating
tn London that the entente's answer
is being drawn up at Rome .
WAR NATIONSikUST DECIDE
PEACE TERMS THMESELVES.
Reception of Note in Official Circles
of Germany Sympathetic.
Berlin, via Salville. Baron von
Dem Bussche-Haddenhausen, Under
2ftrrfttrv of State for Foreign Af
fairs and formerly first secretary of
the German Embassy in Washington,
.n an interview with a member of the
Overseas News Agency stated regard
ins President Wilson's note to the bel
ligerents, describes the reception of
;he note by German officials as sympa
The Under Secretary said that so
far as the note related to the general
arrangements for the future, he be
lieved the United States would play
an important part in them, and added:
"The United States always has been
among the most enthusiastic and fore
most advocates of the idea of arbitra
tion. "As to the conclusion of peace itself
this must be done by the belligerents.
I think I understand President Wilson
aright if I said that he does not offer
mediation for this point, and that he
Dnly shows that the interests which
the United States, as 'well as all the
other neutrals, naturally have to see
peace restored. The President says
that in this direction It would be of
material advantage if conditions
could be communciated under which
the belligerents consider It possible
to make peace.
FRANCE STIRRED BY ARRIVAL
OF SWISS PROPOSAL.
Paris. The unanimous vote of the
Senate affirming that France cannot
conclude peace with an enemy who
occupies French territory coming at
the same time as the peace note of
the Swiss Government has stirred
anew the French press and public.
The action of the Senate gave fur
ther indication of the atitttde of the
Entente Allies toward President Wil
son's proposals while confidence voted
in the Brain ministry.
S. WANTS DETAILED
STATEMENT FROM NATIONS.
Washington. Information as to
their exact meaning in seeking a
"just and permanent peace" is the
whole purpose of the note addressed
to all the belligerents by President
Wilson. The United States desires a
full, practical and detailed statement
from each of the governments address
ed. This government does not know,
and feels that it has not real means
of knowing, what terms would be re
quired to make peace.
LARGE NUMBER ARE
SMUGGLED IN FROM ENGLAND.
New York. That many Germans
who had been interned as prisoners
in England as well as a number of
Englishmen dsirous of escaping mil
itary, service have been smuggled into
this country as coal trimmers, on
board various liners, was intimated
her The case of Wm. Farrell, also
known as Kernahan, for whom a writ
of habeas corpus was sworn out in
the federal court was said to have led
to the disclosures.
PASS 5 SUPPLY MEASURES
The Urgent Deficiency Legislative,
Indian, District of Columbia, and
Diplomatic and Consular Appropria
tion Bills in Three Weeks.
Washington. Congress adjourned
tor the Christmas holidays to recon
vene January 2. In the three weeks of
the-session the House passed five Gov
ernment supply measures, the urgent
deficiency, legislative, Indian, District
of Columbia and diplomatic and consu
lar appropriation bills, more than
ever were passed before in the brief
period preceding a holiday recess.
One of these bills, the urgent defic
iency, has passed the senate.
Railroad legislation suggested by
President Wlson failed to get much
attention in either branch. The House
Commerce Committee decided to await
initiative action in the Senate, where
beginning January 2 the Senate com
merce commttee will hold hearings on
the proposed railroad arbitration
measure and the bill authorizing the
president to take over the railroad,
telephone and telegraph lines in case
of military necessity.
At the conclusion of the hearings
the railroad" measures in some form
will be pressed as amendments to the
pending bill to enlarge the interstate
Commerce Commission. Senator
Newlands, chairman of the committee,
hopes to get action before the March
The Senate passed the immigration
bill with its literacy test provision
and it is now in conference.
The National prohibition constitu
tional amendment was reported favor
ably from the Judiciary Committee in
each House and will be pressed by its
champions at every opportunity, al
though they have little hope of secur
ing the necessary two-thirds majority
at this session.
House committees also reported the
Borland food investigation resolution
with a favorable recommendation and
the Susan B. Anthony constitutional
amendment for woman suffrage with
out recommendation. Neither resolu
tion advanced to .'consideration in the
PRESIDENT WILSON NAMES
NEW SHIPPING BOARD.
Three Democrats and Two Republi
cans Selected to Serve For Gov
ernment. Washington, President Wilson
nominated the following to be mem
bers of the Government shipping
William Denman of San Francisco;
Bernard N. Baker of Baltimore; John
A. Donald of New York,-1 John Bar
ber White of Kansas City, Mo., and
Theodore Brent of New Orleans.
The board will have general super
vision over freight rates in American
waters and is empowered to organize
a $50,000,000 corporation to build or
buy merchant ships.
The ships built or bought will be
available to lease or charter by pri
vate interests, but may be operated
by the government should private
concerns fail to take them. The intent
of the law, aside from restoration of
ships for American commerce remov
ed by the war is to open up trade
routes which private capital does not
consider yet profitable enough for It
Mr. Denman, who gets the longest
term of six years, is a Democrat and
a lawyer with experience in Admir
Mr. Baker, nominated for a five-
year term, has had wide experience
as a ship owner and for thirty years
was president of the Altantic trasport
line. He is a Democrat and Mr. Don
ald, the thid Democratic member,
was nominated for four years. He has
had a life-long experience in the
KING CHRISTIAN SIGNS
SALE OF ISLANDS TREATY
Copenhagen, via London. King
Christian in Cabinet council ratified
the treaty providing for the sale of
the Danish West Indies to the United
This follows the passage by both
houses of the Danish Parliament of
the bill for the ratification of the
treaty. The exchange of the ratifica
tion instruments will take place in
Washington probably towards the end
TEOTONS DRIVE BACK
FOE AFTER SHARY BATTLE
London. Except in northern Do
brudja, where the troops of the Cen
tral Powers continue drive the
Russians and Rumanians towards
Bessarbia, there has been little im
portant activity on the battle fronts
The Russian troops in Dobrudja,
Petrograd announces, were forced to
retire northward under heavy attacks
from numerically superior hostile
GIRL BRINGS APPEAL FOR
PEACE TO PRESIDENT WILSON
New York. A girl who came to
America as a messenger from Bert
rand Russell, an English pactificist,
famous as a philosopher, delivered to
the American neutral conference here
an open letter from Mr. Russell ad
dressed to President Wilson appeal
ing to him to "bring peace to Europe."
The letter was sent by messenger to
evade th? British censor. The name
of. its bearer was not disclosed through
Cear of making trouble for her.
MAY BRING RESULTS
President Does Not Ask For
Mediation But For An
WANTS NATIONS TO KNOW
WHAT STRUGGLE IS FOR
Thinks Possibly Nations' Ideas of Set
tlement Are Not so Far Off as They
Seem Would Know Minima of Ter
ritorial Settlements or Even of
Washington The notes to the bel
ligerents are prefaced with this in
struction by Secretary Lansing to the
American ambassadors preseuuus
The president directs me to send
you the following communication to
be presented immediately to the Min
ister of Foreign Affairs of the Gov
ernment to which you are accredited."
The text of the notes themselves
then begin identically as follows:
The President of the United States
has instructed me to suggest to the
(here is inserted a designation of the
Government addressed) a course of
action with regard to the present war
which he hopes that the Government
will take under consideration as sug
gested in the most friendly spirit and
as coming not only from a friend, but
also as coming from the representative
of a neutral nation whose interests
have been most seriously affected by
the war and whose concern for its
early necessity to determine how best
to safeguard those interests if the war
Is to continue."
At this point the texts vary in the
notes to the Central Powers this para
graph follows next:
"The suggestion which I am. in
structed to make the president has
long had it in mind to offer. He is
somewhat embarrassed to offer it at
this particular time because it may
now seem to have been prompted by
a desire to play a part in connection
with the recent overtures of the Cen
tral Powers. It has in fact been in
no way suggested by them in its ori
gin and the President would have de
layed offering it until those over
tures had been independently answer
ed but for the fact that it also con
cerns the question of peace and may
best be considered In connection with
other propasls which have the same
end in view. The President can only
sey that his suggestion be considered
entirely on its own merits and as if
It had been made in other "circum
stances." In the note to the Entente Allies
the following paragraph takes the
place of the one just quoted:
"The suggestion which I am in
structed to make the President has
long had it in mind to offer. He is
somewhat embarrassed to offer it at
this particular time because It may
now seem to have been prompted by
the recent overtures of the Central
Powers. It is in fact no way associ
ated with them in its origin and the
President' would' have delayed offering
It until those overtures had been ans
wered but for the fact that it also con
cerns the question of peace and may
be best considered in connection with
other propasls which have the same
end in view. The President can only
beg that his suggestion be considered
entirely on it sown merits and as if it
had been made in other circum
stances." Then all the notes proceed identi
cally as follows:
May Take Initiative,
"The President suggests that an
early occasion be sought to call out
from all the nations now at war such
an avowal of their respective views as
to the terms upon which the war
might be concluded and the arrange
ments which would be deemed satis
factory as a guarantee against its re
newal or the kindling of any similar
conflict in the future as would make
It possible frankly to compare them.
He is indifferent as to the means taken
to accomplish this. He would be hap
py himself to serve, or even to take
the initiative In its accomplishment, in
any way that might prove acceptable,
but he has no desire to determine the
method or the instrumentality. One
way will be as acceptable to him as
another if only the great object he
has in mind be attained.
"He takes the liberty of calling at
tention to the fact that the objects,
which the statesmen of the belliger
ents on both sides have in mind in this
war are virtually tie same as stated
in general terms to their own people
and to make the rights and privileges
of weak peoples and small states as
Victorious But Conquered.
Victories are often purchased at
great cost. Sometimes the victory be
comes a defeat. What tickles tne na
tional fancy may drive men to ex
tremes but the extremes may bring
consequences little dreamed of. In
the midst of the celebrations of vic
tory the collapse of power may begin.
No nation is so dangerously near ca
lamity as it is in the moment of its
triumphs. Then it is that the bars of
restraint are lowered and follies caper
in the guise of festive heralds of
secure against aggression 0r denial ia
the future as the rights and privileges
of the great and powerful stat6s now
at war. Each wishes itself to be made
secure in the future along au
other nations and peoples, against the
recurrence of wars like this and
against aggression of selfish interfer
ence of any kind. Each would be
jealous of the formation- of any more
rival leagues to preserve an uner.
tain balance of power amidst mm,;,
lying suspicions; but each is readv
to consider the formation of a leau
of nations to insure peace and justice
throughout the world. Before that tin;,!
step can be taken, however, . each
deems it necessary first to settle thp
issues of the present war upon term
which will certainly safeguard the in
dependence, the territorial integrity
and the political and commercial free
dom of the nations involved.
U. S. Vitally Interested.
"In the measure to be taken to se
cure the future peace of the world the
people and the Government of the
United States are as vitally interested
as the Governments now at war.
Their interests, moreover, in the
means to be adopted to relieve the
smaller and weaker people of the
world of the peril of wrong and vio
lence is as quick and ardent as that
of any other people or Government.
They stand realy, and even eager, to
co-operate in the accomplishment of
these ends, when the war is over, with
every influence and resource at their
command. But the war must first be
concluded. The terms upon which it
is to be concluded they are not at lib
erty to suggest; but the President does
feel that it is right and his duty to
point out their intimate interest in its
conclusion, lest it should presently be
too late to acmomplish the greater
things which lie beyond its conclu
sion, lest the situation of neutral na
tions, now exceedingly hard to en
dn be rendered altogether intoler
able, and lest, more than all, an in
jury be done civilization itself which,
can never be atoned for or repaired.
"The President therefore feels al
together justified in suggesting an im
mediate opportunity for a comparison,
of views as to the terms which must
precede those ultimate arrangements,
for the peace of , the world, which' all
desire and in which the neutral na
tions as well as those at war are ready
to play their full responsible part. If
the contest must continue to proceed
towards undefined ends by slow attri
tion until the one group of belliger
ents or the other is exhausted, if mil
lion after million of human lives must
continue to be offered up until on the?
one side or the other there are no
more to offer, if resentments must be
kindled that can never cool and des
pairs engendered from which there
can be no recovery, hopes of peace
and of the willing concert of free
peoples will be rendered vain and idle.
"The life of the entire world has
been profoundly affected. Every part
of the great family of mankind has
felt the burden and terror ef this un
precedented contest of arms. No na
tion in the civilized world can be said
in truth to stand outside its influence
or to be safe against its disturbing:
effects. And yet the concrete objects
for which it is being waged have-
never been definitely stated. -"The
leaders of the several bellig
erents have," as has been said, stated
those objects in general terms. But
stated In general terms they seem the
same on both sides. Never yet have
the authoritative spokesman of either '
side avowed the precise objects which
would if attained, satisfy them and
their people that :he war had been
fought out. The world has been left
to conjecture what definite results,
what actual exchange of guarantees,
what political or territorial changes
or readjustments, what stage of mil
tary success ever would bring the war
to an end.
"It may be that peace is nearer than '
we know; that the terms which the
belligerents on the one side and on
the other would deem it necessary to
insist upon are not so irreconcilable
as some have feared; that an inter
change of views would clear the way
at least for conference and make the
permanent concord of the nations I
hope for the immediate future, -a con
cert of " nations immediately practica-.
"The President is not proposing
peace; he is not even offering media
tion. He is merely proposing that
soundings be taken in order that we
may learn the neutral nations with
the belligerents, how near the haven
of peace may be for which all mankind
longs with an intense and increasing
longing. He believes that the spirit
in which he speaks and the objects
which he seeks will be understood by
all concerned and he confidently hope?
for a response which will bring a new
light into the affairs of the world."
The note to the Entente group wil
be delivered to Great Britain, France
Italy, Japan, Russia, Belgium, Monte
negro, Portugal, Rumania and Serbia
That to the Central Allies will be de
livered to Germany, Austria-Hungary.
Turkey and Bulgaria.
It is being delivered to all neutral
governments for their information.
greatness. One can't rise and by ris
ing tamper with principles. No man
can ever get above his honor and re
main worthy of himself. The fact that
you rise is evidence that you will need
all your powers to keep you in high
"I was whipped by six men," whim
pered a man today. "Had there been
only five I would have 'cleaned' them "
That kind of talk is pretty . thin.-