North Carolina Newspapers

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It Was Intimated That Through This
System Germany Learned of Ameri
can Destroyer Fleet Movement to
England. "
New York. Evidence that two com
plete high-powered wireless installa
tions, assembled here from various
sources, were shipped piecemeal to
Mexico, supposedly for use of a Ger
man spy system in this country, was
unearthed in connection with the ar
rest of three men on charges of con
spiring to send mail containing mili
tary information, surreptitiously from
the United States to Germany through
members of Norwegian ship crews.
It was intimated by the United
States Commissioner, before whom the
alleged plotters were arraigned, that
it was through their Instrumentality
that advance news of the impending
arrival in England of the American,
destroyer fleet was sent to Germanv
before it even became generally known
in this country that it had sailed.
With only a scratching of the sur
face of the mass of evidence in the
Government's hands, indications have
been found that the secret mail sys
tem was operated both ways between
the United States, Germany and Mex
ico. Several hundred letters have
been seized, written in English, Ger
man and Spanish, and some apparent
ly in code. They are being translated
in the expectation that they will open
the way to full revelations of the al
leged spy plot which is said to point
to other persons besides those under
The prisoners are Harry F. Perissi
and Irving Bonaparts, both said to be
American born, employed by a Ger
. man electrical company here, and Axel
E. Melcher, said to be a naturalized
citizen from Sweden.
Committee Measure Would Prevent
Manufacture During Period of War
Washington Prohibition legislation
was approved by the senate finance
committee as a new feature of -the war
tax bill.
Prohibitive taxes upon distillation of
'whiskey and other spirits for bever
age purposes, witha ban upon their
importation, were agreed upon by -a
substantial majority of the committee
Taxes fixed by the house" on beer and
wines were left unchanged though they
have not yet been finally approved
General suspension of beverage pro
duction by distilleries and use of
Hquor now in bonded warehouses prob
ably would be the effect of the new
tax section if enacted into law.
Curtailmenlt of liquor consumption
during the war jand conservation of
foodstuffs used in manufacturing dis
tilled spirits, Chairman Simmons said
constituted the dual object of the com
mittee in adopting the substitutes for
the house rates.
In addition to the present tax of
$2.20 a gallon on the liquor,, a tax of
$20 per bushel (from $5 to $9 a gal
lon) upon all grain, cereal or other
foodstuffs used in manufacturing whis
key or other distilled spirits for use
as beverages was written into the
bill. Senator Simmons said the in
creases would be prohibitive upon
? manufacture while the law is in effect
or during the war. Increased taxes of
$5 per gallon upon molasses, syrups and
substitutes used In distillation for bev
erage purposes also was agreed upon.
Permits for exportation would be given
only for war purposes upon applica
tion by a nation at war with Ger
many. As supplementary legislation,
the committeee further approved an
amendment prohibiting importation
into this country, Porto Rico, and the
Philippines of distilled spirits made
from any foodstuff except for indus
trial, mechanical or scientific pur
Cleveland, O. Ruth Law, aviatrix,
in a biplane, circled over Cleveland
and environs dropping "liberty loan
bombs." She has been secured to mako
another flight, but the weather was
so fine she decided to make the trip
now. She started from Nela Park in
East Cleveland and flying .at a height
of ,5000 feet, dropped liberty bond lit
erature. Thousands watched her flight
as she circled along the lake front.
Washington.- A campaign to recruit
nd train 10,000 men to officer the
ships of the new American merchant
marine was announced by the Federal
Shipping Board and the Department of
Commerce. Henry Howard, of Bos
ton, has been appointed director, with
offices in the Boston customs house.
The first nautical training school un
der Government direction was opened
near Boston, Fourteen similar schools
will be established along the Atlantic,
.. .. . - ' "
Volunteers Between 31 and 44 Will
Be Trained to Officer Second Incre
ment of Half Million Men to be
Washington. A second series of of
ficers training camps will be held be
tween August 27 and November 25 in
eight locations, to develop officers for
the second increment of 500,000 men
to be called into service by the selec
tive draft, Adjutant General McCain
announced. In general, qualifications
for x admission to these camps will be
the same as for the first series, but a
strong effort will be made to obtain
men above 31 years of age and the
number admitted to training will be
smaller than in the present camps.
Applications mifst be sent to the
commanding generals of the depart
ment in which the applicant lives, be
tween June 15 and July 15th. Citi
zens between the ages of 20 and nine
months and 44 years are eligible.
The camp sites chosen and the areas
from which applicants will be assigned
are as follows:
Fort Myer, Va. Vermont, Maine,
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Del
aware, Maryland, Virginia and the Dis
trict of Columbia.
Fort McPherson, Ga. New York
City and continguous territory. Ala
bama, Georgia and Florida.
Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. The greater
part of New York State, the northern
part of Pennsylvania, Tennessee,
North Carolina and South Carolina.
Fort Benjamin Harrison, Ind. The
southern part of Pennsylvania, Ohio,
West Virginia, Indiana and Kentucky.
Fort Logan, H. Roots, Ark. (or oth
er place to be designated) Wisconsin,
Michigan, Mississippi, Louisiana and
Fort Leon Springs, Tex. Illinois,
Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Okla
homa. Fort Riley, Kan. Minnesota, North
Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa,
Kansas, Missouri and Colorado.
The Presidio, San Francisco Utah,
Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Nevada,
Oregon, Washington and California.
Already Passed in House and Now
Goes to Conference.
Washington. The first of the ad
ministration food bills, already pass
ed by the House, passed the Senate
without a record vote. . Numerous
amendments were attached to the
measure, which provides for a food
survey and crop stimulation, and it
was sent to conference where the dif
ferences will be threshed out while
the two houses are considering the sec
ond administration measure, providing
for food control and price-fixing.
The bill, as finally accepted by the
Senate, provides for a comprehensive
survey of food resources, and for the
stumulation of agriculture, and re
stricts drastically the storing of food
stuffs, fuel and other necessities and
speculation in futures. The restrictive
provisions were added by the Senate.
Hoarding or storage of food, fuel
or other necessaries of life in order
to limit the supply or affect the prices
would be made a felony under the sen
ate hoarding amendment, but farmers
,who hold their own products would be
Washington. Confederate veterans,
here for their annual reunion, went to
Arlington and paid tribute to the
Sotrth's dead. President Wilson and
Mrs. Wilson attended the services,
but the president did not speak. He
received an ovation from the old sol
diers, however, and many shook hands
with him.
The exercises held in the shadows
of the monument erected to the Con
federate dead by the women of the
Confederacy, were opened with the
sound of the assembly call by the
Marine Band and the singing of the
"Star Spangled Banner" by a special
choir, the old soldiers and the audience
helping to swell the refrain.
Flowers were strewn on the graves
and. special services were held at the
tomb of the unknown dead and the
grave of Gen. Joe Wheeler.
Gen. Bennett H. Young, past commander-in-chief
of the veterans, and
Clark of Florida were the orators.
Washington. Safe arrival at a Rus
sian port of the American Commission
to Russia, headed by Elihu Root, Am
bassador extraordinary, was announc
ed in a dispatch to the Navy Depart,
ment. The Commission left Washing,
ton about May 8, charged with greet
ings to the new democratic Govern
ment of Russia, And authorized to
pledge unstinted aid from the United
States not only in the prosecution of
the war against the common enemy.
Shortage , of Funds, Material, Labor
and Transportation Facilities Caus
ed the Number of Cantonments to
Be Reduced.
Washington. Important revisions in
the plan for training the war Army
have been made by the War Depart
ment, which announced that the half
million men to be called to the colors
in September will be concentrated in
sixteen cantonments instead of thirty
two, and that many of the forces prob
ably will be put into tents instead of
wooden barracks.
Lack of funds, material, labor and
transportation facilities, Secretary Ba
ker said, caused the decision to reduce
the number of cantonments. The lar
ger number seemed practicable, but
that would have made a much greater
demand on the overtaxed resources
at the Department's command.
Although the change will upset all
the tentative plans for camp locations
made by department commanders, it
is not expected to delay beyond Sep
tember 1 the mobilization of the great
draft Army. Four of the sixteen can
tonment sites provided for under the
new plan already have been selected,
and choice of the others Is expected
soon. Secretary Baker indicated that
building would proceed as rapidly as
possible. The four sites selected are
at American Lake, Wash.; Atlanta,
Ga.; Ayre, Mass., and Wrightstown,
New Jersey.
A more plentiful supply or canvas
than expected made it possible to put
some of the troops under tents. Most
of the tents used probably will be
placed at Southern camps.
In making the announcement, Sec-
retary Baker said also that forces in
excess of those which could be cared
for in the sixteen cantonments would
be placed under canvas. This was
taken as referring to National Guard
divisions, although the Militia Bureau
has received no instructions in this
There is no indication of an inten
tion to alter the plan for formation of
sixteen divisions of the guard. The
questions of filling these up to war
strength probably will not be settled Bucn as tne conferees proposed would
until selection of men for military ! olie tne rint of a free P33- Tne
service in the draft Army begins. ! voluntary censorship under which the
Under the law, either the Regulars or j country's newspapers now are work
Guard can be filled up with men from ! in& was Pointed to as demonstrating
the selected lists if that is desired.
Towns in Kansas, Oklahoma and Mis
souri Are Stricken.
Kansas City, Mo. Twenty-one
known deaths, more than one hundred
injured and unestimated property dam
age resulted from a series of torna
does that swept several towns and
sections of south-eastern Kansas, north
central Oklahoma and southern Mis
souri. With 400 houses reported destroy
ed at Coalgate, Okla., a town of 3,000
inhabitants, and possibly 200 at Cof
feyville, Kan., it was feared that the
death total at these two places would
be high. One message said that 13
bodies had ben counted at Coalgate,
and that the business section of the
town was virtually destroyed.
Three persons were killed, several
seriously injured and much property
was damaged by a tornado which
struck Moore, five miles southeast of
Olathe, Kan.
Unconfirmed reports from Buffalo,
Mo., told of considerable damage
there. Another storm was reported to
have passed between Sprinfield and
Lebanon. All wires were down both
Nine persons were injured two per
sons fatally," by the tornado which
passed north of the town of Seminole,
Okla. Much livestock was killed and
crops in the path of the storm were
badly damaged.
London. The sinking of three
American ships was announced. The
vessels were the Dirigo, the Frances
M. and the Barbara. All were shelled
without warning and then sent to the
bottom with bombs, but the only loss
of life reported was that of Third Mate
John Ray, of the Dirigo, who was
drowned while attempting to enter a
small boat. The Dirigo was sunk May
31, the Frances M. May 18 and the
Barbara May 24.
Washington. Exemption of popu
lar price moving picture theaters from
amusement taxes and the levying of a
new federal license tax on automobile
owners ranging from $7.50 to $25, with
reductions for cars used a year oi
more, were agreed upon by the senate
finance committee sin continuing "revi
sion of the house , war tax bilL With
its task virtually completed the com
mittee adjourned for the week.
Espionage Bill Will Be Reported to
Both Houses Now With Censorship
Measure Omitted. House Vote 184
to 144.
Washington. The Administration's
fight for a war censorship on news
papers was lost in Congress, at least
for the present, when the House re
fused by a vote of 184 to 144 to accept
even the modified censorship section
written into the espionage bill in con
ference. As the Senate already is on
record as opposed to a censorship, the
leaders in Congress do not expect any
further Administration effort to enact
one in the immediate future.
The test in the House came on a
motion to recommit the espionage bill
with instructions that the censorship
regulation be eliminated. Despite a
determined effort by Democratic man
agers to line up the party strength be
hind President Wilson's demand for
censorship, 37 Democratic Represen.
tatives joined the Republicans voting
for the motion. Eleven Republicans,
disregarding their party's caucus de
cision, voted in the negative.
Conferences for the House will re
port their instructions back to the
Senate conferees and the bill, short of
the censorship provision, probably
will be reported to both Senate and
House within a few days and finally
accepted. It carries important modifi
cations of the spy laws and authoriza
tion for the President to lay embar
goes in war time, but most of the con-
troversy regarding it has centered
about the censorship proposal.
No comment on the outcome in the
House was forthcoming from the
j Hous- The section which had
! been n by the conferees was
j somewhat similar to one which the
j House substituted during first
consideration of the bill for the more
I sweeping provision drawn up and sub-
mitted by the Administration. The
Senate, while the bill was under de
bate, threw (he censorship section out
entirely by a vote of 48 to 34.
In the House debate opponents of
censorship argued that a restriction
lu puiuusjii euiurs aim as pruv
ing tnat no legal restrictions are
Wayne County is Devastated By Tor
nado. Scores Injured.
St. Louis, Mo. Fourteen persons
were killed and scores injured in a
tornado that devasted Wayne County,
according to a telegram received frdm
Piedmont, Mo.
Rumors that more than a score of
persons were killed in Bollinger coun
ty, Missouri, could not be confirmed.
It was known that at least three per
sons met death near Zalma and ad
vices from Cape Girardeau said that
a family of seven was drowned when
their home was blown into the Castor
The tornado evidently be. an near
Salem, Mo. Some property damage
was done, but there was no loss of life
until the storm reached Mineral Point,
in Washington county, where four per
sons were killed and twenty-six in
jured. Relief has been sent to stricken
points from St. Louis.
A woman was reported dead at
Dongala, and a boy was killed at Ad
vance. Diehlstadt also reported two
A telegram from Cairo, 111., stated
that four negroes were killed in a
storm in the southern part of Illinois.
Wires were down and communication
was cut off both from St. Louis antf
Washington. The Prince' of Udine,
head of the Italian war mission, on the
floor of the Senate, delivered a mes
sage to the American people in the
name of King Victor Emmanuel, wel
coming the entrance of the United
States into the was as the final moral
justification of the cause for which the
Allies are fighting. The message
stresed the necessity of destroying the
prestige of a perverted German scinece
and philosophy.
New York. A report of its "commit
tee on American liberties" whici
pledged support to all "conscientious
objectors" to the conscription law and
a telegram from former United States
Senator John D. Works, of California
in which he said '"we dishonored our
selves by declaring war without ade
quate or reasonable cause," were fea
tunes of a meeting of the so-called firsl
"American conference on democracj
and terms of peace."
There Great Work For Liberty Accom- J
plished While We Are in the Midst
of a Work Unfinished, Says Presi
dent. Washington. America's response
to the call of liberty in the struggle of
the world will hold the attention of
all mankind, President Wilson said in
a Memorial Day address at Arlington
National Cemetery. In observing the
day, he said, the natural touch of sor
row is tinged with reassurance be
cause, knowing how the men of Ameri
ca have responded to the call of lib
erty .there is perfect assurance that
the new responses '"will come again
in equal measure, with equal majesty."
The President spoke in the natural
amphitheater in the cemetery at a
meeting arranged by the local G. A.
R., and attended by a crowd of thou
sands. Hef said he did not pity the
men in whose honor the ceremonies
were held.
"I envy them, rather." he went on,
"because theirs is a great work of lib
erty accomplished, and we are in the
midst of a work unfinished, testing our
strength where their strength has al
ready been tested." The time for
action, he said, has come, "and in the
providence of God, America will come
once more to have an opportunity to
show to the world that she was born
to serve mankind."
Is Necessary to Insure Safety of Amer
ican State Say Chilean.
New York. Alejandro Alvarez, of
Chile, secretary general of the Ameri
can Institute of International Law, ad
dressing the conference on foreign re
lations of the United States at Long
Beach, declared that "the safety of the
American State demands that Japan
should enter the war with all re
sources." "Japan," he said, "has already reap
ed important material advantages, and
is exercising certain supremacy on the
Asiatic Continent. The. American
State should not be left to exhaust her
self to the point of falling under the
menace of another's domination."
The Latin-American countries of
South America and the United States,
Mr. Alvarez asserted, "should unite in
bringing about such action on Japan's
Prof. George Grafton Wilson, of Har
vard, speaking on the status of the
Monroe Doctrine, said that in a broad
sense, the principles of the Monroe
Doctrine as supported by the United
States "have made the Western Hem
isphere 'safe for democracy.' "
Washington. The war tax bill as
sumed rough but nearly final form in
the revision of the $1,800,000,000 house
measure by the senate finance com
mittee. After working all through the holi
day with treasury experts, recapitu
lating the committee srevision, Chair
man Simmons announced that as re
drafted, the estimated revenue to be
brought in by the bill now totals $1,
460,000,000. A bill aggregating slight
ly above $1,500,000,000 now is gener
aly expected.
In resuming its, conference the
committee took up Vninor tax sched
ules, having decided virtually all ba
sic changes. A few more days will be
required to make technical changes,
and Senator Simmons hopes to be
abe to introduce the re-drafted meas
ure in the Senate by the middle of
next week for immediate considera
tion. Present indications are for
uanimous support by the Republicans
as well as the Democrats on the com
mittee. On the basis of the committee's
work thus far, income, excess profits,
liquor, tobacco, special excise, or con
sumption and stamp taxes are the
principal revenue sources. The com
mittee .has definitely cut out of the
house bill tax levies aggregating $223,
000,000., Of the principal house schedules
not yet passed upon, it was reliably
stated that the committee probably
will adopt or but slightly change the
jaxes on liquors, wines, freight, ex
press, transportation, Pullman ser
vice, pipe line, amusements and tele
graph and telephone messages.
St. Louis, Mo. A tornado twisted
into Mineral Point, Mo., a village of
about three hundred -inhabitants, kill
ed four persons and injured 30, de
molished the town with the exception
of the schol house and then moved
southward to Eye, where Fred Harper,
a farmer, was killed by flying debris.
An Iron mountain passenger ttnatin
bore the most seriously injured to De
Soto, about 15 miles north of Mineral
. . . - - , .
Brief Note? Covering Happenings in
This States That Are of Interest to
All the People.
Plans have been accepted for a new
school building at Burgaw.
Fire which destroyed several busi
ness houses in Burlington, doing dam
age to the extent of $4,000 or $5,000,
for a time threatened the entire town.
Inofrmation has reached Spencer
that every employee in the Southern
Railway shops will receive an increase
in wages of six cents per hour.
Governor Bicket reappointed all the
members of the state board of elec
tions for another term. Col. Wilson
G. Lamb, of Wllliamston, is chairman.
R. O. Everett, president of the
North Carolina Agricultural Society,
has appointed the executive commit
tee of the society for 1917 and notices
are being sent to them for acceptance.
William Wallace Bean, aged 36, city
editor of The Knoxville Sentinel and
formerly news editor of The Asheville
Citizen, died at Ashevile at the home
of his wife's mother, Mrs. N. J.Rey
nolds. Citizens of Wilson met recently
and organized what is to be known as
"Wilson Community Store." Over
$2,000 in stock was subscribed.
Everett Carrigan, 14-year-old son of
Sam A. Carrigan, of Mill Bridge, Ro
wan county, is dead as a result of in
juries received when a tree fell on.
Marshall Field & Co. of Chicago will
build a model manufacturing town
four miles wesj of Martinsville, Va.,.
this, statement authorized by George
W. Fraker, resident manager at Spray,
for the company, which has mills at
Spray, Leaksville and Draper.
John Paul Lucas, executive secre
tary of the North Carolina Food Con
servation Commission, in reviewing
the food situation in this state gave
out a lot of good advice In his sug
gestions of ways every person can
help improve the food situation;
While the farmers of Carteret coun
ty make a specialty of raising sweet
potatoes, this year's Irish potato crop
will exceed 15,000 barrels. During the
past two weeks farmers of this com
munity have shipped 5,000 barrels at
prices of $7 to $8.50 a barrel.
There came to Governor Biekett an.
invitation to deliver the address be
fore Tammany Hall, New York, for
the Fourth of July celebration of this
famous political organization!. The
governor cannot accept for the reason
that he is scheuled to deliver an ad
dress on' that date for the Baptist
Assembly at Wrightsville Beach.
A summary of the statements of
conditions of North Carolina State
banks at the close of business May V
shows 23,406,970 increase in resources
for the past year, present aggregate
being $177,998,000. Deposits increas
ed over $20,000,00 for the year. There
are 442 banks with twenty-five branch,
banks. Capital paid in is $12,014,000,
a gain of $601,000 for the year. The
surplus fund increased $422,000, and
the undivided profits $526,000.
It was authoritatively learned that
the State Firmen's Association will
hold their annual meeting at More
head City on July 24, 25 and 26th. The
association was to have met with
Asheville and also hold a tournament
but on account of the war that meet
ing was postponed until 1918 and this
year's business session will be held
at Morehead Oilty, lasting for three
To bring the freight claim depart
ment of the Southern Railway System
more closely in touch with the ship
ping public to the end that quicker ac
tion may be had in the adjustment of
freight claims, a central freight claim
office will be established at Chatta
nooga, Tenn., effective June 1, with
branch freight claim offices at Char
lotte, N. C-, Atlanta, Ga., New Or
leans, La., and Louisville, Ky.
"Every Scout to Feed a Soldier" is
the new slogan of the Raleigh trop of
boy scouts and the scouts are working
hard to live up to their slogan. Every
one has a garden that he is working
to do his "bit" for the country.
The Wilmington Red Cross unit re
ceived a check from Henry Wallers,
chairman of the board, of directors of
the Atlantic Coast Line for $1,400 witk
which to purchase and maintain for
one year an ambulance in France. The
ambulance Is to be named Wilming
ton. The expected has happened. With,
the announcement that the Winston
Salem base ball club will not finish
its schedule the North Carolina League
closed its 1917 season. The directors
met at once to wind up the affairs of
the league.
One June 11th, the children of the
Orphan Home are going to give in
Goldsboro a (magnificent musical con
cert in celebration of the twenty-fifth
anniversary of the establishment of
their home the Odd Fellows Orphan
Home at Goldsboro,

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