THE CAROLINA WATCHMAN, SALISBURY, N. C. V STATE (JEWS SPEAKS . DEFEATED IN HOUSE AT ARLINGTON SPYSYSTFM IN NFW MORE TRAINING CENSORSHIP CLAUSE m mm army -a-V:.- v GERMAN SPIES SHIPPED HIGH POWER WIRELESS OUTFITS TO MEXICO. MAIL WAS SENT TO GERMANY It Was Intimated That Through This System Germany Learned of Ameri can Destroyer Fleet Movement to England. " New York. Evidence that two com plete high-powered wireless installa tions, assembled here from various sources, were shipped piecemeal to Mexico, supposedly for use of a Ger man spy system in this country, was unearthed in connection with the ar rest of three men on charges of con spiring to send mail containing mili tary information, surreptitiously from the United States to Germany through members of Norwegian ship crews. It was intimated by the United States Commissioner, before whom the alleged plotters were arraigned, that it was through their Instrumentality that advance news of the impending arrival in England of the American, destroyer fleet was sent to Germanv before it even became generally known in this country that it had sailed. With only a scratching of the sur face of the mass of evidence in the Government's hands, indications have been found that the secret mail sys tem was operated both ways between the United States, Germany and Mex ico. Several hundred letters have been seized, written in English, Ger man and Spanish, and some apparent ly in code. They are being translated in the expectation that they will open the way to full revelations of the al leged spy plot which is said to point to other persons besides those under arrest. The prisoners are Harry F. Perissi and Irving Bonaparts, both said to be American born, employed by a Ger . man electrical company here, and Axel E. Melcher, said to be a naturalized citizen from Sweden. PROHIBITION TAX IS NOW PROPOSED ON WHISKEY Committee Measure Would Prevent Manufacture During Period of War Washington Prohibition legislation was approved by the senate finance committee as a new feature of -the war tax bill. Prohibitive taxes upon distillation of 'whiskey and other spirits for bever age purposes, witha ban upon their importation, were agreed upon by -a substantial majority of the committee Taxes fixed by the house" on beer and wines were left unchanged though they have not yet been finally approved General suspension of beverage pro duction by distilleries and use of Hquor now in bonded warehouses prob ably would be the effect of the new tax section if enacted into law. Curtailmenlt of liquor consumption during the war jand conservation of foodstuffs used in manufacturing dis tilled spirits, Chairman Simmons said constituted the dual object of the com mittee in adopting the substitutes for the house rates. In addition to the present tax of $2.20 a gallon on the liquor,, a tax of $20 per bushel (from $5 to $9 a gal lon) upon all grain, cereal or other foodstuffs used in manufacturing whis key or other distilled spirits for use as beverages was written into the bill. Senator Simmons said the in creases would be prohibitive upon ? manufacture while the law is in effect or during the war. Increased taxes of $5 per gallon upon molasses, syrups and substitutes used In distillation for bev erage purposes also was agreed upon. Permits for exportation would be given only for war purposes upon applica tion by a nation at war with Ger many. As supplementary legislation, the committeee further approved an amendment prohibiting importation into this country, Porto Rico, and the Philippines of distilled spirits made from any foodstuff except for indus trial, mechanical or scientific pur poses. AVIATRIX BOOSTING LIBERTY BONDS SALE. Cleveland, O. Ruth Law, aviatrix, in a biplane, circled over Cleveland and environs dropping "liberty loan bombs." She has been secured to mako another flight, but the weather was so fine she decided to make the trip now. She started from Nela Park in East Cleveland and flying .at a height of ,5000 feet, dropped liberty bond lit erature. Thousands watched her flight as she circled along the lake front. TO TRAIN OFFICERS FOR MERCHANT MARINE. Washington.- A campaign to recruit nd train 10,000 men to officer the ships of the new American merchant marine was announced by the Federal Shipping Board and the Department of Commerce. Henry Howard, of Bos ton, has been appointed director, with offices in the Boston customs house. The first nautical training school un der Government direction was opened near Boston, Fourteen similar schools will be established along the Atlantic, .. .. . - ' " EIGHT CAMPS TO TRAIN OFFICER8 TO BE ESTABLISHED IN JULY. MATURE MEN ARE WANTED Volunteers Between 31 and 44 Will Be Trained to Officer Second Incre ment of Half Million Men to be Ordered. Washington. A second series of of ficers training camps will be held be tween August 27 and November 25 in eight locations, to develop officers for the second increment of 500,000 men to be called into service by the selec tive draft, Adjutant General McCain announced. In general, qualifications for x admission to these camps will be the same as for the first series, but a strong effort will be made to obtain men above 31 years of age and the number admitted to training will be smaller than in the present camps. Applications mifst be sent to the commanding generals of the depart ment in which the applicant lives, be tween June 15 and July 15th. Citi zens between the ages of 20 and nine months and 44 years are eligible. The camp sites chosen and the areas from which applicants will be assigned are as follows: Fort Myer, Va. Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Del aware, Maryland, Virginia and the Dis trict of Columbia. Fort McPherson, Ga. New York City and continguous territory. Ala bama, Georgia and Florida. Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. The greater part of New York State, the northern part of Pennsylvania, Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina. Fort Benjamin Harrison, Ind. The southern part of Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Indiana and Kentucky. Fort Logan, H. Roots, Ark. (or oth er place to be designated) Wisconsin, Michigan, Mississippi, Louisiana and Arkansas. Fort Leon Springs, Tex. Illinois, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Okla homa. Fort Riley, Kan. Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Colorado. The Presidio, San Francisco Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and California. SENATE PASSES BILL PROVIDING FOOD SURVEY Already Passed in House and Now Goes to Conference. Washington. The first of the ad ministration food bills, already pass ed by the House, passed the Senate without a record vote. . Numerous amendments were attached to the measure, which provides for a food survey and crop stimulation, and it was sent to conference where the dif ferences will be threshed out while the two houses are considering the sec ond administration measure, providing for food control and price-fixing. The bill, as finally accepted by the Senate, provides for a comprehensive survey of food resources, and for the stumulation of agriculture, and re stricts drastically the storing of food stuffs, fuel and other necessities and speculation in futures. The restrictive provisions were added by the Senate. Hoarding or storage of food, fuel or other necessaries of life in order to limit the supply or affect the prices would be made a felony under the sen ate hoarding amendment, but farmers ,who hold their own products would be excepted. GREY VETERANS HONOR MEMORY OF THEIR FALLEN Washington. Confederate veterans, here for their annual reunion, went to Arlington and paid tribute to the Sotrth's dead. President Wilson and Mrs. Wilson attended the services, but the president did not speak. He received an ovation from the old sol diers, however, and many shook hands with him. The exercises held in the shadows of the monument erected to the Con federate dead by the women of the Confederacy, were opened with the sound of the assembly call by the Marine Band and the singing of the "Star Spangled Banner" by a special choir, the old soldiers and the audience helping to swell the refrain. Flowers were strewn on the graves and. special services were held at the tomb of the unknown dead and the grave of Gen. Joe Wheeler. Gen. Bennett H. Young, past commander-in-chief of the veterans, and Clark of Florida were the orators. U. S. MISSION TO RUSSIA ARRIVES IN THAT COUNTRY. Washington. Safe arrival at a Rus sian port of the American Commission to Russia, headed by Elihu Root, Am bassador extraordinary, was announc ed in a dispatch to the Navy Depart, ment. The Commission left Washing, ton about May 8, charged with greet ings to the new democratic Govern ment of Russia, And authorized to pledge unstinted aid from the United States not only in the prosecution of the war against the common enemy. SIXTEEN CANTONMENTS INSTEAD OF THIRTY-TWO WILL BE LOCATED. PLAGE MANY UNDER CANVASS Shortage , of Funds, Material, Labor and Transportation Facilities Caus ed the Number of Cantonments to Be Reduced. Washington. Important revisions in the plan for training the war Army have been made by the War Depart ment, which announced that the half million men to be called to the colors in September will be concentrated in sixteen cantonments instead of thirty two, and that many of the forces prob ably will be put into tents instead of wooden barracks. Lack of funds, material, labor and transportation facilities, Secretary Ba ker said, caused the decision to reduce the number of cantonments. The lar ger number seemed practicable, but that would have made a much greater demand on the overtaxed resources at the Department's command. Although the change will upset all the tentative plans for camp locations made by department commanders, it is not expected to delay beyond Sep tember 1 the mobilization of the great draft Army. Four of the sixteen can tonment sites provided for under the new plan already have been selected, and choice of the others Is expected soon. Secretary Baker indicated that building would proceed as rapidly as possible. The four sites selected are at American Lake, Wash.; Atlanta, Ga.; Ayre, Mass., and Wrightstown, New Jersey. A more plentiful supply or canvas than expected made it possible to put some of the troops under tents. Most of the tents used probably will be placed at Southern camps. In making the announcement, Sec- retary Baker said also that forces in excess of those which could be cared for in the sixteen cantonments would be placed under canvas. This was taken as referring to National Guard divisions, although the Militia Bureau has received no instructions in this regard. There is no indication of an inten tion to alter the plan for formation of sixteen divisions of the guard. The questions of filling these up to war strength probably will not be settled Bucn as tne conferees proposed would until selection of men for military ! olie tne rint of a free P33- Tne service in the draft Army begins. ! voluntary censorship under which the Under the law, either the Regulars or j country's newspapers now are work Guard can be filled up with men from ! in& was Pointed to as demonstrating the selected lists if that is desired. MANY LIVES LOST IN STORMS IN MIDDLE WEST Towns in Kansas, Oklahoma and Mis souri Are Stricken. Kansas City, Mo. Twenty-one known deaths, more than one hundred injured and unestimated property dam age resulted from a series of torna does that swept several towns and sections of south-eastern Kansas, north central Oklahoma and southern Mis souri. With 400 houses reported destroy ed at Coalgate, Okla., a town of 3,000 inhabitants, and possibly 200 at Cof feyville, Kan., it was feared that the death total at these two places would be high. One message said that 13 bodies had ben counted at Coalgate, and that the business section of the town was virtually destroyed. Three persons were killed, several seriously injured and much property was damaged by a tornado which struck Moore, five miles southeast of Olathe, Kan. Unconfirmed reports from Buffalo, Mo., told of considerable damage there. Another storm was reported to have passed between Sprinfield and Lebanon. All wires were down both directions. Nine persons were injured two per sons fatally," by the tornado which passed north of the town of Seminole, Okla. Much livestock was killed and crops in the path of the storm were badly damaged. THREE AMERICAN SHIPS ARE SENT TO BOTTOM London. The sinking of three American ships was announced. The vessels were the Dirigo, the Frances M. and the Barbara. All were shelled without warning and then sent to the bottom with bombs, but the only loss of life reported was that of Third Mate John Ray, of the Dirigo, who was drowned while attempting to enter a small boat. The Dirigo was sunk May 31, the Frances M. May 18 and the Barbara May 24. MODIFICATION OF WAR TAX LEVIES ARE .CONTINUED Washington. Exemption of popu lar price moving picture theaters from amusement taxes and the levying of a new federal license tax on automobile owners ranging from $7.50 to $25, with reductions for cars used a year oi more, were agreed upon by the senate finance committee sin continuing "revi sion of the house , war tax bilL With its task virtually completed the com mittee adjourned for the week. MEMBERS DECLINE TO ACCEPT PROVISION IN MODIFIED FORM. SENATE ALREADY OPPOSED Espionage Bill Will Be Reported to Both Houses Now With Censorship Measure Omitted. House Vote 184 to 144. Washington. The Administration's fight for a war censorship on news papers was lost in Congress, at least for the present, when the House re fused by a vote of 184 to 144 to accept even the modified censorship section written into the espionage bill in con ference. As the Senate already is on record as opposed to a censorship, the leaders in Congress do not expect any further Administration effort to enact one in the immediate future. The test in the House came on a motion to recommit the espionage bill with instructions that the censorship regulation be eliminated. Despite a determined effort by Democratic man agers to line up the party strength be hind President Wilson's demand for censorship, 37 Democratic Represen. tatives joined the Republicans voting for the motion. Eleven Republicans, disregarding their party's caucus de cision, voted in the negative. Conferences for the House will re port their instructions back to the Senate conferees and the bill, short of the censorship provision, probably will be reported to both Senate and House within a few days and finally accepted. It carries important modifi cations of the spy laws and authoriza tion for the President to lay embar goes in war time, but most of the con- troversy regarding it has centered about the censorship proposal. No comment on the outcome in the House was forthcoming from the j Hous- The section which had ! been n by the conferees was j somewhat similar to one which the j House substituted during first consideration of the bill for the more I sweeping provision drawn up and sub- mitted by the Administration. The Senate, while the bill was under de bate, threw (he censorship section out entirely by a vote of 48 to 34. In the House debate opponents of censorship argued that a restriction lu puiuusjii euiurs aim as pruv ing tnat no legal restrictions are needed. FOURTEEN MEET DEATH IN MISSOURI STORM. Wayne County is Devastated By Tor nado. Scores Injured. St. Louis, Mo. Fourteen persons were killed and scores injured in a tornado that devasted Wayne County, according to a telegram received frdm Piedmont, Mo. Rumors that more than a score of persons were killed in Bollinger coun ty, Missouri, could not be confirmed. It was known that at least three per sons met death near Zalma and ad vices from Cape Girardeau said that a family of seven was drowned when their home was blown into the Castor River. The tornado evidently be. an near Salem, Mo. Some property damage was done, but there was no loss of life until the storm reached Mineral Point, in Washington county, where four per sons were killed and twenty-six in jured. Relief has been sent to stricken points from St. Louis. A woman was reported dead at Dongala, and a boy was killed at Ad vance. Diehlstadt also reported two deaths. A telegram from Cairo, 111., stated that four negroes were killed in a storm in the southern part of Illinois. Wires were down and communication was cut off both from St. Louis antf Cairo. PRICE OF UNDINE DE LIVERS MESSAGE TO SENATE. Washington. The Prince' of Udine, head of the Italian war mission, on the floor of the Senate, delivered a mes sage to the American people in the name of King Victor Emmanuel, wel coming the entrance of the United States into the was as the final moral justification of the cause for which the Allies are fighting. The message stresed the necessity of destroying the prestige of a perverted German scinece and philosophy. PACIFISTS IN MEETING DENOUNCE ADMINISTRATION. New York. A report of its "commit tee on American liberties" whici pledged support to all "conscientious objectors" to the conscription law and a telegram from former United States Senator John D. Works, of California in which he said '"we dishonored our selves by declaring war without ade quate or reasonable cause," were fea tunes of a meeting of the so-called firsl "American conference on democracj and terms of peace." DELIVERS MEMORIAL DAY AD DRESS AT ARLINGTON NA TIONAL CEMETERY. DOES NOT PITY FAST HEROES There Great Work For Liberty Accom- J plished While We Are in the Midst of a Work Unfinished, Says Presi dent. Washington. America's response to the call of liberty in the struggle of the world will hold the attention of all mankind, President Wilson said in a Memorial Day address at Arlington National Cemetery. In observing the day, he said, the natural touch of sor row is tinged with reassurance be cause, knowing how the men of Ameri ca have responded to the call of lib erty .there is perfect assurance that the new responses '"will come again in equal measure, with equal majesty." The President spoke in the natural amphitheater in the cemetery at a meeting arranged by the local G. A. R., and attended by a crowd of thou sands. Hef said he did not pity the men in whose honor the ceremonies were held. "I envy them, rather." he went on, "because theirs is a great work of lib erty accomplished, and we are in the midst of a work unfinished, testing our strength where their strength has al ready been tested." The time for action, he said, has come, "and in the providence of God, America will come once more to have an opportunity to show to the world that she was born to serve mankind." ENTRY OF JAPAN INTO WAR WITH ALL RESOURCES. Is Necessary to Insure Safety of Amer ican State Say Chilean. New York. Alejandro Alvarez, of Chile, secretary general of the Ameri can Institute of International Law, ad dressing the conference on foreign re lations of the United States at Long Beach, declared that "the safety of the American State demands that Japan should enter the war with all re sources." "Japan," he said, "has already reap ed important material advantages, and is exercising certain supremacy on the Asiatic Continent. The. American State should not be left to exhaust her self to the point of falling under the menace of another's domination." The Latin-American countries of South America and the United States, Mr. Alvarez asserted, "should unite in bringing about such action on Japan's part. Prof. George Grafton Wilson, of Har vard, speaking on the status of the Monroe Doctrine, said that in a broad sense, the principles of the Monroe Doctrine as supported by the United States "have made the Western Hem isphere 'safe for democracy.' " WAR TAX BILL NOW ASSUMING DEFINITE SHAPE Washington. The war tax bill as sumed rough but nearly final form in the revision of the $1,800,000,000 house measure by the senate finance com mittee. After working all through the holi day with treasury experts, recapitu lating the committee srevision, Chair man Simmons announced that as re drafted, the estimated revenue to be brought in by the bill now totals $1, 460,000,000. A bill aggregating slight ly above $1,500,000,000 now is gener aly expected. In resuming its, conference the committee took up Vninor tax sched ules, having decided virtually all ba sic changes. A few more days will be required to make technical changes, and Senator Simmons hopes to be abe to introduce the re-drafted meas ure in the Senate by the middle of next week for immediate considera tion. Present indications are for uanimous support by the Republicans as well as the Democrats on the com mittee. On the basis of the committee's work thus far, income, excess profits, liquor, tobacco, special excise, or con sumption and stamp taxes are the principal revenue sources. The com mittee .has definitely cut out of the house bill tax levies aggregating $223, 000,000., Of the principal house schedules not yet passed upon, it was reliably stated that the committee probably will adopt or but slightly change the jaxes on liquors, wines, freight, ex press, transportation, Pullman ser vice, pipe line, amusements and tele graph and telephone messages. MISSOURI TOWN WIPED OUT BY TORNADO St. Louis, Mo. A tornado twisted into Mineral Point, Mo., a village of about three hundred -inhabitants, kill ed four persons and injured 30, de molished the town with the exception of the schol house and then moved southward to Eye, where Fred Harper, a farmer, was killed by flying debris. An Iron mountain passenger ttnatin bore the most seriously injured to De Soto, about 15 miles north of Mineral Point. . . . - - , . Brief Note? Covering Happenings in This States That Are of Interest to All the People. Plans have been accepted for a new school building at Burgaw. Fire which destroyed several busi ness houses in Burlington, doing dam age to the extent of $4,000 or $5,000, for a time threatened the entire town. Inofrmation has reached Spencer that every employee in the Southern Railway shops will receive an increase in wages of six cents per hour. Governor Bicket reappointed all the members of the state board of elec tions for another term. Col. Wilson G. Lamb, of Wllliamston, is chairman. R. O. Everett, president of the North Carolina Agricultural Society, has appointed the executive commit tee of the society for 1917 and notices are being sent to them for acceptance. William Wallace Bean, aged 36, city editor of The Knoxville Sentinel and formerly news editor of The Asheville Citizen, died at Ashevile at the home of his wife's mother, Mrs. N. J.Rey nolds. Citizens of Wilson met recently and organized what is to be known as "Wilson Community Store." Over $2,000 in stock was subscribed. Everett Carrigan, 14-year-old son of Sam A. Carrigan, of Mill Bridge, Ro wan county, is dead as a result of in juries received when a tree fell on. him. Marshall Field & Co. of Chicago will build a model manufacturing town four miles wesj of Martinsville, Va.,. this, statement authorized by George W. Fraker, resident manager at Spray, for the company, which has mills at Spray, Leaksville and Draper. John Paul Lucas, executive secre tary of the North Carolina Food Con servation Commission, in reviewing the food situation in this state gave out a lot of good advice In his sug gestions of ways every person can help improve the food situation; While the farmers of Carteret coun ty make a specialty of raising sweet potatoes, this year's Irish potato crop will exceed 15,000 barrels. During the past two weeks farmers of this com munity have shipped 5,000 barrels at prices of $7 to $8.50 a barrel. There came to Governor Biekett an. invitation to deliver the address be fore Tammany Hall, New York, for the Fourth of July celebration of this famous political organization!. The governor cannot accept for the reason that he is scheuled to deliver an ad dress on' that date for the Baptist Assembly at Wrightsville Beach. A summary of the statements of conditions of North Carolina State banks at the close of business May V shows 23,406,970 increase in resources for the past year, present aggregate being $177,998,000. Deposits increas ed over $20,000,00 for the year. There are 442 banks with twenty-five branch, banks. Capital paid in is $12,014,000, a gain of $601,000 for the year. The surplus fund increased $422,000, and the undivided profits $526,000. It was authoritatively learned that the State Firmen's Association will hold their annual meeting at More head City on July 24, 25 and 26th. The association was to have met with Asheville and also hold a tournament but on account of the war that meet ing was postponed until 1918 and this year's business session will be held at Morehead Oilty, lasting for three days. To bring the freight claim depart ment of the Southern Railway System more closely in touch with the ship ping public to the end that quicker ac tion may be had in the adjustment of freight claims, a central freight claim office will be established at Chatta nooga, Tenn., effective June 1, with branch freight claim offices at Char lotte, N. C-, Atlanta, Ga., New Or leans, La., and Louisville, Ky. "Every Scout to Feed a Soldier" is the new slogan of the Raleigh trop of boy scouts and the scouts are working hard to live up to their slogan. Every one has a garden that he is working to do his "bit" for the country. The Wilmington Red Cross unit re ceived a check from Henry Wallers, chairman of the board, of directors of the Atlantic Coast Line for $1,400 witk which to purchase and maintain for one year an ambulance in France. The ambulance Is to be named Wilming ton. The expected has happened. With, the announcement that the Winston Salem base ball club will not finish its schedule the North Carolina League closed its 1917 season. The directors met at once to wind up the affairs of the league. One June 11th, the children of the Orphan Home are going to give in Goldsboro a (magnificent musical con cert in celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the establishment of their home the Odd Fellows Orphan Home at Goldsboro, ....

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