s - 1 .
THE WATCHMAN, SALISBUBV, 6.
events OF YEAR
TOLD IN BRIEF
COMPLETE DEFEAT OF CENTRAL
POWERS IN WORLD WAR MARKS
AN EPOCH IN HISTORY.
DATES OF TEUTON DOWNFALL
Twelve-Month Ends With Leaders of
Victorious Nations Gathered to Set
tle Peace Terms Other Foreign and
COMPILED BY E. W. PICKARD.
THE WORLD WAR
Jan. 1 Italians drove Teutons
Piave. river from -Zenson loon
Jan. 4 President Wiison presented bis
railway control program u congress
Brtidh hospital ship Rewa torpeaoed by
Jan. 5-Premier Lloyd George stated
isri tain s war aims.
Jan. 7 U. d. government began mobili
zation of 3,000.000 workers.
U. S. Supreme court upheld draft law.
Submarine trews mutin.ed at Kiel, kill
ing 38 officers.
Jan i President Wilson stated Amer
ica & war aims and peace demands.
Jan. 9 Russia and Bulgaria signed sep
arate peace. -
Jari 10 Central powers withdrew offer
of general peace and offered Russia sep
Russia and Germany renewed armis
tice 'for month.
Jan. 14 British airmen made big suc
cessful daylight raid on Karlsruhe.
Germans bombarded Yarmouth from
Jan. 15 Daniel Willard resigned
head of U. S. war Industries! hoard
Jan. 20 In naval action at entrance to
Dardanelles the British sank Turkish
cruiser Breslau and forced the Goeben
Jan. 21 British boarding ship Louvain
sunk; 224 lost.
Jan. 24 Germany and Austria replied to
yeai-e proposals or wuson ana Lloyd
George, rejecting the concrete sugges
tions. Jan. 26 Twelve killed by explosion In
rxewpon navai torpedo station.
Odessa captured by the bolshevikl.
Jan. 27 Russian government broke rela
tions with Roumania.
Italians began offenF've between Asiago
ana me tjrenta.
Roumanians took Kishinev.
Jan. 28 German air raiders killed 47 In
London. ' .
Ukrainians rWeated bolshevik troops In
mree day Dattie and took Lutsk.
Italians broke through Austrian line.
taking 1,500 prisoners.
Jan. 30 German air raid on Paris: 49
Jan. 31 Bolshevikl took Orenbure.
Feb. 3 Allied supreme war council de
clared war must be carried on to vie
r eD. 4 u. S. government took over
control of oil.
. Feb. 5 Franz von Rintelen and six
others convicted of conspiracy in New
Feb. 6 United States transport Tus
cania sunk by torpedo off Irish coast; 204
Feb. 9 Peace treaty between Ukraine
and the central powers signed.
Feb. 10 Russia declared the war at at.
end so far as she ws concerned and
ordered complete demobilization; but re
fused to sign peace treaty."
Feb. 14 Bolo Pasha convicted of trea
on in France and sentenced to death.
Feb. 15 President Wilson put all for
eign trade of U. S. under license.
Eight British submarine chasers sunk
by German destroyers in Dover, straits.
Feb 16 German aviators attacked Lon
don, killing 21.
Feb. 18 Germans resumed- war on Rus
sia, crossing the Dvina.
Feb. 19 Germans -took Dvinsk and
Lutsk; Bolshevikl offered to sign peace
Bolshevik Don Cossack republic organ
ized at Tcherkask, Gen. Kaledines hav
ing committed suicide.
Feb. 20 Germans invested Reval and
landed troops in Finland.
Feb. 21 Germans took Minsk and
Jericho captured by the British.
Feb. 22 Senate passed Wilson bill to
Feb. 23 President Issued proclamation
stipulating government guaranteed price
for wheat at principal primary markets,
prices varying from $2 at Spokane to $2.28
at New York.
Feb. 25 Germans captured Reval.
Feb. 28 Americans repulsed strong at
tack in Chemin des Dames sector with
heavy losses to attackers.
March 1 Mc A do-announced third Lib
erty loan to open April 6.
U. S. troops repulsed raid in Toul sec
tor, suffering many casualties; German
losses very heavy.
British cruiser Calgarian torpedoed; 48
lives lost! ,
March 3 Germans halted invasion of
Russia; Slavs signed peace treaty giving
Turkey big slice of territory.
March 4 French delivered surprise
blow near Verdun, penetrating German
British. French- and Italian ambassa
dors asked Japan to take necessary steps
to safeguard allied interests in biDena.
British advanced on 12-mile front, in
March 5 Americans in Lorraine re
pulsed German attack and took prisoners.
President Wilson refused assent to Jap
anasa intervention in Russia.
Bernard M. Baruch named chairman of
tYia war industries, board.
March 6 Roumania signed.- preliminary
peace treaty giving up uoDruaja ana con
March 7 Germany and Finland signed
March 8 Trotzky resigned as foreign
British advanced three miles 'on 18-mile
front in Palestine.
British repulsed attack on Ypres-Dix
miia iin with heaw losses- to enemy.
Eleven killed. 46 Injured in air raid on
London. . . , .
Marh -9 Nine Dersons killed In air
Marr-h 11 Sixty airplanes bombed
D.Mo. tl trilled
Enemy aviators attacked Naples. Seven
killed In hospital.
DcMont in mpssaere to Soviets, pledg
d aid of 'United States to free Russia
March 12 Ninety-five thousand drafted
mpn railed to begin movement to can-
British aviators droped ton of explos
ives on Coblentz.
unr,vi i9 ficrmans seized Odessa.
vToh ii American Rainbow division
.r.iPi trenches in Luneville sector
from which they drove the enemy: first
permanent advance by Americans.
March 15 Germans repulsed with heavy
loss in Flanders by tsrnisn.
All-Russian congress of Soviets at Mos
m rnHftori fiprman nea.ee terms.
March 18 Allied supreme war council
rx-iTomnari fiprman treatment of Rus
sians and Roumanians and refused to
acknowledge the peace reaues.
March 19 American destroyer Manley
n TOuh Rritish war vessel: 16 killed.
Morr.h m America and Great Britain
seized 1,000,000 tons of Dutch shipping.
March 21-Germans opened heavy at
tack on British lines north of St. Quentin.
March 22-Great battle in France con
tinued, Germans failing to break British
line; both sides susiaineu ueavy
TOi-itov, n "Pniestine crossed the Jordan.
March 23 British fell back from five to
n miles thAlr lines still. unbroken; estt-
-motori niiinltlAs. German. 250.000: British,
100,000: French and American , troops
brought up to support Britisn.
Paris shelled by new German gun from
distance of 76 miles..; u -March
25 Germans took Bapaume.
Neila anil r3.ii1arnr(1. -
March 26 British destroyed entire Turk
mv nAa, xrit MBnnotamiil.
Muvh 17 Oarm&ns took Albert Bd
British recaptured Morlaricourt and Chip
March 2S French retook three towns
and Germans advanced toward Amiens
but were stopped with heavy losses
March 29 Gen. Foeh put in comrt'and
of allied armies in France; and Gen. -Pershing
offered to him all his troops and
Shell from German long rango gun
killed 75 in a Paris church.
Caucasus, after proclaiming its Inde
pendence, made separate peace with Tur
key. April 4 Germans resumed drive toward
Amiens, gaining little at heavy cost.
Armenians recaptured Erzerum from
April 5-Allies held their lines against
Berlin announced the capture or Hikai-
Japan and Great Britain landed sman
force at Vladivostok to pretect life and
April 6 Third Liberty loan campaign
opened in United States.
Provost Marshal General Crowder can
ed 150,000 draft men to colors.
April 9 Germans hit British front De-
tween La Basse and Armentieres, gain
ing 3 miles. - ,
April 10 Germans drove Bntisn Da.cn
north and south of Armentieres.
American troops on firing line in great
April 11 British evacuated Armentieres
but recaptured other positions.
April 12 Tremendous nshtinz continued
In Flanders, Germans advancing to Mer-
Americans won all day fight on Toul
April 13 Turks took Batum.
Zeppelin and airplane factory at Man
zeL Germany, burned with great loss.
April 14 Count Czernin. Austrian for
eign minister, resigned.
American navy collier Cyclops, 293 on
board, reported missing. ." ' -
April 15 Berlin announced the occupa
tion of Helsingfors by German troops.
British warsnips; sweeping the Katte
gat, sank 10 German trawlers.
Allies took ten villages from Bulgarians
on Macedonian fiont.
April 16 Germans took Bailleul.
Wytschaete and. most of Messines ridge. .
C. M. Schwab made director general of
U. S. shipbuilding.
April 17 Viscount Mllner made British
Baron Burlan made Austrian foreign
Bolo Pasha executed for treason against
April 20 Germans made strong attack
on Americans in Toul sector and took
Selcheprey village, but were driven back
with heavy loss. .
April 22 British and French naval
forces raided German U-boat bases at
Ostend and Zeebrugge and sank concrete
laden vessels at channel mouths.
April 25 British drove back Germans
east of Amiens.
Germans took Mount Kemmel and ad
vanced to northwest, threatening Ypres.
April 26 Germans captured Dranoutre
and St. Eloi.
April 29 Germans attacked strongly on
three sides of Ypres salient and on Bel
gian line, but were repulsed, losing heav
ily. French retook Locre.
Senate passed Overman co-ordination
May 4 Campaign for Third Liberty loan
closed with loan heavily over-subscribed".
May 6 President Wilson ordered inves
tigat on of alleged graft in aircraft work.
May 7 Nicaragua declared war on Ger
many and her allies.
Roumania signed peace treaty with cen
May 10 Ostend U-boat base bottled up
by the sinking of old cruiser by British.
May 11 Italians took the Col .del Orso
and Monte Corno by storm.
May 14 House passed the Overman
May 17 German plot In Ireiand ex
posed and Sinn Fein leaders arrested.
May 18 Entente powers, Japan and
China, agreed on plan for preservation of
me peace in tne tar east.
May 19 Australian troops captured Ville
German air raiders killed 44 naraons
in London and lost five planes.
may Z6 u. s. took over carrier busi
ness of Pullman company.
British merchant trooD transnort Mol
davia torpeooea: 5a Americans .killed
May 24 Republic of White Russia i
Costa Rica declared war on the cen
May 27 Germans attacked on the Aisne
front, taking the Chemin des Dames;
and between Voormezeele and Locre in
Flanders, where they were repulsed.
Italians Droxe through enemy lines at
Capo Slle on lower Piav.
May 28 Center of crown prince 'S army
crossed the Vesle at Fismes but allies
checked advance on flanks..
Americans In Picardy captured Can-
tigny by dashing attack.
May 29 Allies evacuated Soissons and
Germans pushed advance to Fere en Tar-
denois, six miles north of the Marne.
May 30 German aviators bombed Cana
dian hospital, killing many.
May dl Germans reached the Marne at
apex of their salient.
U. S. transport President Lincoln sunk
by U-boat; 26 navy men lost.
House passed 512,000.000.000 army appro
June 2 Allied reserves stopped German
June 3 U. S. learned German U-boats.
operating in American waters, had sunk
lo vessels since May 2o.
June o Germans shifted main attack to
Oise front, with no success. - '
Two more vessels sunk by German U-
wat in American waters.
Jurr 6 Americans defeated Germans in
Chateau Thierry sector.
June 10 Germans advanced two miles
east of Montdidier, losing heavily.
Americans cleared Germans from Bel-
Italian torpedo boats raided Austrian
naval base near Dalmatian Islands, sink
ing one battleship and damaging another.
June 11 French defeated Germans
southeast of Montdidier and American?
won again near Chateau Thierry; Ger
mans reacned tne oise at Machemont and
Torpedoing of British transport Ausonia
reported; 40 lost.
June 13 rench repulsed heavv German
attack between Courcelles and Mery, and
made successrui counter-attack southwest
June 14 Turks seized Tabriz. Persia
and looted American consulate and hos-
June 15 Aiistrians began great offensive
on front of 100 miles in Italy, crossing the
fiave at various- piaces.
June 16 Italians checked Austrian
drive, retaking many positions.
Americans repulsed heavv attacks In
Toul sector and in Alsace.
June 20 Allies drove back Austrians In
Americans stormed German trenches
and positions near Cantigny.
June 22 Austrians began retreat in
June 23 Austrian retreat turned into
June 25 Italians cleared west bank of
the Piave of Austrians, and attacked
heavily In mountain region.
June 27 Second national draft drawing
held in Washington.
Canadian hospital ship Llandovery Cas
tle torpedoed; many lost.
June 28 Important gains made by Brit
ish between Hazebrouck and Bethune.
and by French southwest of Soissons.
First American troops landed In Italy.
June 29 Packers and others attacked
as profiteers in report of , federal trade
Congress voted $21,000,000,000 for war
July 1 Americans captured Vaux vil
lage and with French took other impor
American transport Covington, home
ward bound, torpedoed; 6 lost.
July 4 Australians and Americans cap
Eighty-two ships launched in American
July 6 Count von Mirbach, German am
bassador to Russia, assassinated in Mos
cow. Population of Murman coast, Russia,
joined the entente. v
Italians and French opened an offen
sive in Albania. .
Julv 9 Von Kuehlmann's resignation as
foreign secretary accepted by the kaiser.
Von Hintze Succeeded him.
July 11-Austrian ; army in Albania re
treated to the Skurnbi river. ; ....
U. S. army transport Westover torpe
doed; ten men lost. " "
July 12 French made a mile -advance
on Picardy front southeast of Amiens.
July 13 President -Wilson authorized to
take over contrqlof telegraph and. tele-,
phone lines of country.
July 14 British forces occupied Kem,
on White sea.
July 15 Germans resumed offensive, at
tacking along the Marne and on both
sides of ReimtL Americans drove thenar
back' across the - riverandFrench with
stood all assaults ' farther -east.
Hayti declared war against Gsinany.
July Xfrj Americans smashed German
attacks east of .Chateau Thierry,
Ex-CzaiVOf Russia executed. -" '-
July 18-Frencn and Americans began
big drive, pushing eastward on 25-tnue
front from Belleau to the Aisne ana tak
ing many towns and prisoners.
J ulyv 19Fra.neO-AmerJia.n troops made
further - advances r. -n v SoissortS-Chatteau
Thierry front. , ; .
British took town of Meteren. .....L..,:..
U. ;orinorea cruiser- aari Diego de
stroyed near XMew lork by submarine.
July 20 Franco-American . offensive con
tinued, more towns and great numbers iof
guns and prisoners being takeni.- '
Germans retreated from south bank of
Marne. .. . ...-
Big transport Justtcia torpedoed off
Ireland; ten of crew lost.
July 21 Chateau Thierry -'captured by
allies. , -t
, German U-boat sank three barges and
damaged a tug close to Cape Cod.
July , 26 Heavy fighting' north of the
Marne, French retaking Reuil.
July 27 Germans retreated along the
whole front', north of the Marne;
July 28 Franco-Americans crossed the
Ourcq on wide front. -1 Is---
July 29-;-Aliies took JETere-en-Tardenois,
Grand i Rosoy.- Cugny -and Other v towns,
despite fierce resistance, and gained con
trol of " the Dormans-Reims' road.
Americans In desperate fight took Se5
ringes, Sergy find Roncheres.
July 31, Control of telegraph and . tele
phone lines taken over by U. S. govern
Aug. 1 Americans cleared,- the , Bois de
Meuniere of Huns. "
Aug. 2 Allies advanced their etir
line. taking -Soissona and, VUlenTar-
dertois; Germans retreated , precipitately
toward the Vesle.
Germans, in Aibert -region- retrecrted east
of the. Ancre. : ' --
Allied forces occupied Archangel, i
Two British destroyers, sunk: by mines
87 lost. ' .; . 4; . .
Aug. 3 Allies pushed their line to the
Government announced America and
Japan would' send troops to Vladivostok
to occupy city and protect rear of Czecho
British ambulance transport W&rilda
torpedoed; 123 lost.
Aug. 6--American and French units
forced crossings of the Vesle on both
sides of Fismes.
Aug. 8 British and French started of
fensive on the Amiens front, taking many
towns and 10.000 prisoners.
Aug. 9 Further progress made by the
allies in Picardy, 7,000 more prisoners
Aug. 10 Allies took Montdidier and
Chaulnes; Americans with British won
severe fight north of the Somme.
Americans captured Fismette, across
the Vesle from Fismes.
Aug. 11 German U-boat sank nine fish
ing boats off Massachusetts coast.
Organization of First American field
army, under Pershing, completed.
Aug. 15 Germans withdrew from Hebu
terne salient north of Albert.
British troops occupied Baku, center of
Caspian sea oil region.
American regiment landed at Vladivos
tok. Aug. 17 One hundred I. W. W. mem
bers convicted in Chicago of disloyalty.
Aug. 19 Germans were forced back in
the Lys sector, between the Matz and the
Oise and northwest of Soissons.
Aug. 21 French took Lassigny and ad
vanced in other sectors.
British attacked in the Hebuterne sec
tor between Albert and Arras, taking
Aug. 22 British took Albert.
Aug. 24 British took Bray, Thiepval
French cleared south banks of the Oise
and the Ailette.
House passed draft age extension bill.
Bolshevikl defeated by allies on Ussuri
Aug. 25 British entered Bapaume.
Aug. 27 French took Roye and neigh-,
Allies broke through Hindenburg line in
Scarpe river region.
Senate passed draft age extension bill.
Aug. 28 British advanced astride the
Scarpe, taking Croiselles and Pelves.
.Franch took Chaulnes and Nesle and
many . other towns and reached the
Aug. 29 French took Noyon.
Americans defeated Germans at Ju
Ylgny. Senate passed bill making U. S. dry
after June 30, 1919.
Aug. 30 Germans lost Combles and fell
back toward Peronne. In the Lys sector
they abandoned Bailleul.
Aug. 31 Franco-American forces won
big battle north of Soissons.
British' recaptured Mount Kemmel in
Sept. 1 British captured Peronne.
Sept. 2 French and Americans gained
full possession of the Soissons plateau.
British smashed Drocourt-Queant line,
Sept. 4 British advanced far beyond the
Canal du Nord tcward Cambrai.
French drove Germans north of the
Germans in Vesle sector retreated to
ward the Aisne, pursued by Americans
Sept. 5 Entire German line from Peronne
Imost to Reims retreated for several
almost to Reims retreated for several
German Chancellor Von Hertling re
signed. U. S. transport Mount Vernon hit by
torpedo; 35 killed.
Sept. 6. French captured Ham and
Manufacture of malt liquors . In U. S.
after Dec. 1 ordered stopped.
Sept. 12 American First army, aided by
French, attacked on both sides of St
Mihiel salient, making big advances and
taking many towns.
British took Havrincourt and Moeuvres.
British steamer Galway Castle torpe
doed; 189 lost, ir eluding 90 . women and
Approximately 14,000,000 Americans reg
istered under new draft. law.
Sept. 13 Americans cleared out the St.
Mihiel salient, taking nearly 20,000 pris
Sept. 15 Germany asked JBelgium to
Serbians ana rencn took strong Bul
garian positions on Saloniki front.
Sept. 18 British successfully attacked
northwest of St. Quentin and French ad
vanced south of that city.
Allies pushed their advance on Saloniki
front to a depth of ten miles.
Belgium refused German-peace offer.
Sept. 19 Big food riots in Holland
British and Arabs routed the Turks in
Sept. 22 Gen. Allenby reported advance
of 60 miles In Palestine and capture of
1 LZtT6 1 11
Sept. 23 French reached the Oise river
soiith of St. Quentin.
Allies continued their big advance in
Macedonia, occupying Prilep.
Sept. 24 Gen. Allenby reported capture
.of Acre and Haifa;
Sept. 25 Serbs captured Veles and Brit-
isn invaoea Bulgaria.
Sent. 26 Americans and French opened
Dig drive Deiweeil tne ouiype auu mc '!
Meuse,' taking many towns and prisoners.
, , -. , . .k. . . I j .ui
. JBritlsn capturea Htrumnuza, tsuigana.
U. S. warship Tampa torpedoed; 118 lost.
Sept. 27 Bulgaria asked allies for arm
istice. Sept. 28 Belgians and British made big
advance in Yprc3 region, and allies gained
on every front.
Fourth Liberty loan campaign opened.
Sept. 29 British and Americans smashed
through Hindenburg line between Cam
brai and St. Quentin.
Belgians captured Dixmude.
Sept. 29 Bulgaria signed armistice, sub
mitting to allies' terms, including demobil
ization, evacuation of 'Greece and Serbia
and surrender of all her lines of com
munication. French cavalry entered Us-
in Flanders and on the French fronts.
ucy uv AijLWk Tvuw iv nvw jj cuiics
American cargo boat Ticonderoga tor
pedoed; 213 lost.
Chancellor Von Hertling, Vice Chancel
lor Von Payer and Foreign Secretary Von
Hintze resigned. 1
Oct. 1 Damascus captured by Allenby's
Germans evacuated Armentieres ; and
Oct. 2 French occupied St. Quentin. ;
Germans driven out of entire area be
tween Aisne and Vesle rivers.
American, diiusii auu j.ia.iia.11 wai amya
raided Durazzo. destrovine the Austrian'
American, British and Italian warsnips
naval base .there and all vessels In the
Oct. 3-Austria announced withdrawal of
her 4troops from Albania .
, Germans driven back everywhere except
Prince Maximilian of Baden made Ger
Oct, 4 Vienna asked Holland to invite
the belligerents to a peace conference.
. .; :.. .' j-i i ; 1 1
Americans I&tdj tbig advp'nc 'west1 of
the Meuse;. ''- ' '
Japanese lfher 5 HIrano torpedoed; 290
lost. - . ' i . --- i J
Oct 5 Czar Ferlinand pf Bulgaria abdi
cated, in fafo ofcrPrince Boris. , :
; Germany and ssustria asked armistice,
and peace negotiations based on Wilson's
- Oct. 6 Gerjnaa: line north of Reims
smashed. ' t t . .
U. S. trartspoti ! Ofranto sunk in colli
sion; 450 -logt. ii
Oct. 7 Americans in furious battle for
north, end of Ar?onne forest.
Oct. 8 President; Wilsofi answered Ger
man peace note by demanding the evac
uation of all ocfypied territory and ask
ing whether- thl chancellor -meant Ger
many accepted j;the Wilson ' terms, and
wneiner ne sp$y& only ror tne present
authorities pfvtWJf empire. - Jl .
Allies smashecpHindenburg defenses on ,
20-mile front " bjgween Cambrai and St.
Quenfin, and Evanco-Amerlcans started
new drive east rf the Meuse.
; Oct. 9 Brittetjfl occupied Cambrai and
pushed far betpd.
Prince Fredfirifjt Charles of Hesse elect
ed king of Finland by landtag.
Oct. 10 Irish. Hall boat Leinster torpe
doed; 400 lost!
Le CateaU,; ragway center, taken by al
Oct. 11 Argc-ri&e wood cleared- of Ger
mans by Americans.
Kaiser called tilers of all German fed
erated states to inference.
Oct. 12 German chancellor sent reply to
Wilson, saying jffermany accepted all his
terms and agTawp to evacuate all invaded
territory. , ;
Entire GerriiafE defense system in Cham
pagne smash'ed.- 's
Oct. 13 La Fere and Laon taken by the
Serbs capture JCish. ' '
Oct. 14 Presiht "Wilson rejected Ger
many's peace ayjs armistice proposals.
Allies began liig drive in Flanders, tak
ing Roulers ahj pther towns.
Italians captuj?d Durazzo.
Oct. 15 Alllesjfjiobk Menin, -flanked Os
tend and threaded Bruges; 12,000 pris
oners taken.! 4--
Oct. 16 Geney retreat from northern
Belgium' by Gelians.
Americans caJured Grand Pre, north of
the Argonne. ; f-
Allies pursueftAustrlans Into Montene
gro. ''Si- . iff
Oct. 17 Germs evacuated Ostend, Lille
and Douaif t " ' "
Oct. 18 AUiespOccupied Turcoing, Rou
baix, Zeebrvvggtand Thielt.
Independence "?ot Czecho-Slovak nation
declared by 'Its provisional government. ,
Emperor Qhafjes decreed federalization
of Austro-Hangrian empire.
Oct. 19 Preshnt Wilson rejected Austria-Hungary's
Allied armiegin Belgium reached the
Fourth Liberlpoan closed, heavily over
subscribed. ' i ij
Oct. 20 15.00flHretreating Germans in
terned in Holld.
Oct. 21 GerngSriy made reply to Presi
dent Wilson; fiQ of evasions, denials and
Allies in Serbl i. reached the Danube and
isolated Turkej !
Oct. 22 British entered suburbs of Val
enciennes and crossed the Scheldt.
Oct. 23 President Wilson told German
government he, fwpuld take up. with allies
the subject of .-gn. armistice; but that the
j. a., ii it mu.ueai wim me Kaiser ana
his crew, demanded not peace negotia
tions, out surrgoaer.
British brokegjhfcough, German defenses
south of Valenciennes.
Americans, t3ide advance in terrific
fighting in Meujj?e valley.
Serbs, SlOAfeh and ,Croatians announced
formation o'A se-ereign state.
Oct. 24 ItKlitps began big offensive on
the Piave HAeM: .
Oct. 26-Fif3hf in big advance in Serre
Oise region- f i
Declaration gf independence of the
Peoples of iaidje Europe promulgated in
ndependencte ffkll, Philadelphia
British ocCutead Aleppo.
Oct. 27 Grnany replied to President
wuson, asKttigttrms for armistice.
German relytag put control of mili
tary in civil; government.
Allies crosSedfthe Piave in Italian drive.
Oct. 28 AUjStSa-Hungary asked for sep
arate armistlcand peace on allies' terms.
Oct. 29 Attstan lines beyond the Piave
smasnea- ry: af5es.
Turkey presejited separate peace propos
als. Oct. 30 Entye Turkish army on the
x is us capture.
Austrian comjnander In' Italy asked Gen.
Diaz for armistice.
Oct. 31 Armijftice with Turkey went into
Allies operiecWiew drive on Ghent
Kingdom of Greater Serbia nroHnimrt
Croatian paigament decreed separation
of Croatia, Slonia and Dalmatia from
Nov. 1 AmjIcan First army smashed
German lines meat of the Meuse.
Allies drove2rermans out of iq tnwna tr.
- - -w ... ...
Austrian arfcy fleeing across the Taglia
mento in ItaFp.
Count Tlza,ormer Hungarian premier
Ukrainians nd Teutons captured Lem-
Nov. 2 Kin.-Boris of Bulgaria abdicat-
I ed and a peasjTit republic was established.
' Hungary's Complete separation from
Americans fnade great advance on both
sides of the Aveuse.
Trente take by Italians.
Valenciennefel taken by British.
Nov. 3. Trieste occupied by Italians.
Armistice with Austria signed
Nov. 4-Arstice terms for Germany
fixed by alli "-r
British caiBeured Le Quesn-v in ereat
offensive beffyeen the Sambre and the
Nov. 5 Americans win fierce battle for
crossing 6f. tRe Meuse.
President filson told Germany to ask
armistice ters from Foah.
French mf big advance, taking Guise
and Marie, -jra
Nov. . 6--G3at French victory on 100-
mile front. ;fSi
American troops entered Sedan.
Revolutloiijspreading through Schleswig
and other prts of Germany.
Nov. 7 PHbtically all of German -fleet
German Emissaries reached Marshal
Foch to ask armistice terms
Germans evacuated Ghent.
Socialist pJkTty demanded abdication of
.i t i
me Kaiser, t
Nov. 8 M'ivarlan ; diet
Ludwig and'ihe Witte-lsbach dynasty
Great advjhnces made by allies on entire
west front." '
Nov. 9 KAlser Wllhelm abdicated
. Social Democrats In control of govern
ment In Germany; Ebert made cnancei
lor; republic proclaimed In Berlin.
Nov. 10 I Jailer fled to Holland.
Nov. Il-n3ermany . signed armistice
terjns, amounting to unconditional surren
der. and tm war came to a close.
Bolsheviks? defeated by Americans and
British onHie Dvina.
Nov. 12 Ifjnperor Charles of Austria ab
dicated. -m .
Nov. 13 Silled fleet arrived at Constan
'I tinople., !j Jt
I XT.f 1 A J -
Nov. 14-iXmerican and French troops
Former Jown prince of Germany in
. . i -. ,
terned in tr&liand.
Nov. 15 Mew German government ap
pealed "to 'president Wilson to save Ger-
many rromgstarvation and anarcny.
Czecho-SGvak republic under Masaryk
as preside j ratified by national assembly
Nov. 16-EBelgian troops entered Ant
werp. - m .
Amerlcaiifitroons-began march to Rhine;
Nov. 17-3ritish troops started for the
Nov. 18 president Wilson announced he
would atterp opening of peace conference.
Admiral soichak put in control or ail-
Kusslan gc-vernment at Omsk.
Nov. a overthrow of Ukrainian govern-
I ment hv ftti-holRhPvfk forces ftTinounoGd.
- . , -u. mt " - , ,
Nov. 22-jp;lng;'Albert of Belgium entered
Nov. 23KjAmerican troops crossed the
Poles caijtured Lemberg.
Nov. 24-Iorth German states proclaim
ed a repufjic..
French nder Gen. Gourand entered
Nov. 25oyiets gained upper hand in
Berlin. , do. were outvotea eisewnere in
Germany fs - - i.
1 ''uv.rejiuwu x 1 niv,c aicaiiuci u
bla madelsegent of Jugo-Slav state.
Nov. 6-tSrown Prince Alexander of ser
I Nov.vBavaria broke relations .with
Deri ill. i Mi
Nov. 28-eWiihelm definitely renounced all
bis rlghtapto the throne.
Nov. 294Hungary interned Mackensen's
armv of MO .000.
King lo?holas of Montenegro deposed
bv nation tl assembly.
Nov. SOHLithuania proclaimed a repub-
.- ,r ----- ? .
Secretary IansingV Henry White, Gen
eral Bliss OfiA Colonel House named ,U, .
S. peace delegates, t
Dec. 1 First of . O. S. returning army
reached fKeprk..i.v....;....: -
Dec." 2 Congress -- reconvened - and . heard
President "Wilson's message and farewell.
British- fleet arrived at Libau-
iec 4Freldent Wilson' r and . party
sailed fr; France.- i - ' ' '
Dec."j5-Skdropadsk,ihetman of the
Ukraine KlUed and that country under
control of the Unionists.-. . i
Dec. " Belgian troops occupied Dussel
dorf one'Rhine. -'---.r ? 1 -
Bloody fighting in Berlin between so
Dec. 7 British occupied Cblogne.
Dec. 8-American troops rushed to Cob
lenz as last German force's .crossed Rhine.
Dec. 9 Former kaiser attempted sui
cide. - . .
Dec. 10 French army occupied Mainz.
Dec. 12 British troops crossed the Rhine
at Cologne. 1 ' , .
Dec. 13 American "troops -crossed the
Rhine at. Coblenz. , ,'
President Wilson landed S-t Brest.
Dee. -14 President Wilson received in
Paris. ' ;
Armistice extended to Jan: 17. f
, Kiev occupied by troops of the "direc
Dec. 15 Gen. Mannerheim elected re
gent of Finland. . ' -
Dec. 16 Central congress of soldiers and
workmen's delegates met in Berlin; Lieb
knecht and Spartacides defeated.
-D"ec. 17 Polish general staff ordered
mobilization of 1 500,000 men.
Pee.- 25 President Wilson ate Christmas
dinner with troops of American army of
Jan. 5 Charles B. Henderson appointed
seiiator from Nevada.1 . .
Jan. 8 Mississippi legislature ratified
prohibition constitutional amendment.
Jan. 10 House adopted national woman
suffrage amendment resolution.
Jan. 12 Chicago and middle west para
lyzed by terrific blizzard. N
Feb. 19 Montana legislature ratified
federal prohibition amendment.
Feb. 2o Wisconsin senate passed reso
lution, 22 to 7, denouncing La Follette.
, March 1 Brig. Gen. Thomas Cruse,
quartermaster's department, U. S. A.,
named in charges of conspiracy in fur
nishing army supplies.
March 3 Miss Anne Martin of Reno,
Nev., announced her candidacy for the
U. S. senate.
March 5 Wisconsin assembly deadlock
ed all night on joint resolution denounc
ing La Follette us disloyal.
March 6 Wisconsin assembly passes
joint resolution denouncing La Follette.
Secretary -Daniels established live-mite
"dry" zone .around naval training sta
tions. House passed sabotage bill, 219 to 0.
March 7 Conferees agreed on adminis
tration railroad bill.
Automobile chamber of commerce an
nounced cut of 31 per cent in production
of pleasure automobiles for fiscal year.
Metropolitan magazine for March ex-
r-1 1 1 r? CJ r! fmm mufle f rr nuhlinatinn tf Ar.
tide "Is America Honest?" by William
March 8 Senate ordered inquiry into
price of food.
Marcn 9 Victor Berger. Milwaukee ;
Adolph Germer, J. Louis Engdahl, "W. P.
Kruse. Irwin St. John Tucker, Chicago,
indicted under spy act-
March 11 senate unanimously autnor-
Ized sale of German-owned property In
United States to American citizens.
March 12 Senate passed urgent defi
ciency bill, carrying $1,180,000,000.
Congressman Scott uerrls or UKianoma
elected chairman of Democratic congres
March 13 Senate passed conference re
port on railroad control bill.
Maryland house or aeiegates aeieaxeu
woman's suffrage bill.
March 14 World's largest remrorcea
concrete ship, launched at a Pacific port,
pronounced complete success by experts.
Esther Cleveland, daughter or Grover
Cleveland, married to Caot. W. S. B. Bos-
anquet of Coldstream Guards. In London.
March 15 Congress passed daylight sav
ing bill to take effect March 3L
March 18 Delaware legislature ratified
April 2 Irvine L. Lenroot, tiepuDiican,
elected U. S. senator from Wisconsin.
Massachusetts legislature ratinea na
tional prohibition amendment.
April 29 X. P. Whitley appointed sena
tor from Missouri. ,
May 15 Air mail route between wasn-
Ington. Philadelphia and New xorK
Ausr. 27 Walter H. Page. American am
bassador to Great Britain, resigned.
Two American soldiers ana a numoer
of Mexicans killed in battle at Nogales.
Root. 4 Bomb explosion in eaeiai
building, Chicago, killed 4 and injured 30.
Sett. 18 John W. uavis maae American
ambassador to Great Britain.
Oct 1 Senate defeatea woman sunrage
amendment to constitution t
Nov. 5 Republicans gained control oi
the senate and the house of representa
tives in general election.
Nov. 20r-Government assumea control
of all cable lines.
Nov. 22 Secretary of the Treasury jmc-
Dec. 16 Carter Glass sworn in as sec
retary of the treasury.
Inn 1 T. I?ff1arf1 A Mnhla lonfUner
Congregational clergyman, at Evanston,
Jan. 5 Dr. John S. Foley. Catholic bish
op of Detroit.
Jan. 13 u. s. senator James tsrauy
Jan. 14 Maj. A. P. Gardner, former
congressman from Massachusetts.
Jan. 30 United States Senator wiuiam
Hughes of New Jersey.
leb. 2 John L. Sullivan, rormer neavy-
weight champion, at West Ablngton,
Leander Richardson, dramatic editor
I and author.
Vah i Pol (Trederlck H. Smith. ReOUD-
I llcan leader In Illinois, at Peoria.
. . - '
Feb. 10 Abdul Hamld, former sultan of
Feb. 14 Sir Cecil Sprlng-Rlce, former
British ambassador to America.
Feb. 22 Terry McGovern, former world's
featherweight champion, at New York.
Feb. 26 Dr. Samuel G. Nixon, commis
sioner of health of Pennsylvania, at Phil
adelphia. Archbishop Edmond Francis Prender
gast at Philadelphia.
March 6 John Redmond. Irish National
ist leader, at London. .
March 7 Rear Admiral Thomas Perry,
retired, at Southern Pines. N. C.
Cardinal Seraflnl, prefect of the congre
gation of the propaganda, at Rome.'
March 9 George Von L. Meyer, former
cabinet member and diplomat, at Boston.
Prof. J. M. Munyon of -Philadelphia, at
March 13 Mrs. James A. Garfield, wid
ow of President Garfield, at Pasadena,
Charles Page Bryan, diplomat, at Wash-
March 15 Former Senator Isaac Steph
enson of Wisconsin.
Sir George Alexander, English actor.
James Stillman, financier, at New York.
March 21 Warner Miller, former U. S.
senator from New York.
March 22 Maggie Mitchell; famous ac
tress, In New York.
March 26 Claude Achille Debussy, com
poser. In Paris. -
March 27 Martin J. Sheridan, famous
athlete, in New York.
April 3 Charley Mitchell, famous Eng
April 11 Rear Admiral S. P. Comly, U.
S. N. retired.
W. C. McDonald,, first governor of New
April AT U. S. Senator R. F. Broussard
Former Mayor Rudolph Blankenburg of
April 13 Hempstead Washburne, form
er mayor of Chicago.
April 14 William Joel Stone, U. S. sen
ator from Missouri.
April 17 Senor Aldunate. Chilean am
bassador to U. 8., at. Washington.
April 20 CoL-George Pope, at Hart
April 30 Dr. Carlos de Pena, Uruguay-J
an minister. In Washington.
Dr. E. 'Fletcher Ingals. noted physician,
j May 5 Mrs. Pc
1 t Sarasota, Fla.
May 5 Mrs. Potter Palmer or cmcago,
May 8 Marcus Mayer, famous theatri
cal manager,-at Amityvllle, I L
. May r 11 Federal Judge ' C C Kohlsaat,
at phtcagp,4 i
May j 1 Pastor Charles Wagner, n
Paris.t .-J -l t i .
May M James Gordon Bennett, pro
prietor of New York Herald, in France.
May 22 Dr. Mlnot J. Savage, noted Uni
May 23 Geri. John B. Castleman, fam
ous Confederate soldier, at Louisville.
May - 26 Maitland Armstrong. American
artist, in New York.
June 3 Ramon- M. Valdez, president of
June 4 Charles Warren Fairbanks,
former, vice- president, at Indianapolis.
Jun'e 5 Brig. Gen. JfL E, D. Michie, V.
S. A.. in; France t. - 4 . 1
June5-cDr, John Merrittee Driver, noted
preacher and lecturer, at Chicago.
June 10 George B. . Harris, head of Bur
Arrigo Boito, Italian composer.
June 22 Archbishop John J. Keane of
June 29 J. A. Mitchell, editor of Life. .
July 2 Rev. Dr. Washington Gladden,
at Columbus, .O. . ,:-
July 3 Mohammed V, sultan of Turkey.
Viscount Rhondda. British food con
troller Benjamin R. Tillman. U. S. senator from
July 13-John D. O'Rear, American min
ister to Bolivia.
July 27 Gustav Kobbe. American au
thor and critic'
Aug. 6 Congressman James H David
son of Oshkosh, Wis.
Aug. 8 Max Rosenthal, famous artist,
Aug. 9 John D. Shoop. superintendent
of schools of Chicago.
Aug. 10 William P. Kellogg, former
governor of Louisiana, in Washington.
Aug 13 Anna - Hjeld, actress, at New '
Aug. 17 Jacob H. lallinger, U. S. sena
tor, from -New Hampshire.
Aug. 22 Herman F. Schuettler, chief of
police of Chicago
Aug. 28 Ollie M. James, U. S. senator
Aug. 30 Prof. S. H: Wllllston, noted
paleontologist, at Chicago.
Sept. 7 Francis S. Chatford. Catholio
bishop of Indianapolis.
Sept. 9 Brig. Gen. L. W. V. Kennon. in
Sept. 12 Rev. Jenkin Lloyd Jones, noted
preacher and pacifist of Chicago.
Former U. S. Senator J. C. S. Blackburn
Anthony W. Dimock of New York.
Sept. 17 Cardinal John M. Farley, arch
bishop of New York.
Maj. Gen. Lloyd Wheaton, U. S. A., re
tired, in Chicago.
Viscount Ichiro Motono, Japanese
Sept. 25 John Ireland. Catholic arch
bishop of St. Paul.
Oct. 7 Maj. Gen. C. G. Doyan. U. S.
Oct. 8 James B. McCreary. former
United States senator and governor of
Oct. 13 John F. Hopkins, former mayor
Oct. 14 Solon Menos, minister from
Haiti, at Washington.
Oct. 17 Congressman .John A. Sterling
Oct. 22 Dr. F. K. Brooke. Episcopal
bishop of Oklahoma.
Oct. 25 Charles Lecocq, French com
poser. Oct. 26 Ella Flagg Young, former su
perintendent of schools of Chicago. .
Oct. 21 Eugene Hale, former U. S. sen
ator from Maine. -
Oct. 30 Nelson N. Lampert, well known
Nov. 4 Mrs. Ruspell Sage.
Morton F. Plant, financier and yachts
man. Dr. Andrew White, educator and diplo
mat. Nov. 8 Robert J. Collier, editor and
Nov. 15 Gen. H. C. King, soldier and
author, in New York.
Nov. 19 Dr. C. R. Van Hise. president
of University of Wisconsin.
Joseph F. Smith, president of Mormon
Nov. 22 Former Governor W. D. Hoard
Nov. 25 N. M. Kaufman, copper and
Iron magnate and hotel man of Chicago.
Dec. 2 Edmond Rostand, poet and
dramatist in Paris.
Dec. 9-HU W. Page, head of TJ. S. bu- .
reau of roads. ' . ar"
Dec. 12 Effle Ellsler. actress, aged 96.
Jan. 1 Conflagration in Norfolk, Va.;
Jan. .13 Million dollar fire in Indianapo
lis industrial district.
.Feb. 14 Forty-two children killed in
nunnery fire in Montreal.
Feb. 24 Liner Florizel. St. Johns, N. F.,
to New York wrecked in blizzard near
Cape Race; 92 lost.
- March 9 Twelve killed in collapse of
moving picture theater at Winchester,
Five killed and $5,000,000 damage by tor
nado in northwestern Ohio.
April 13 Seventy killed In burning of
insane asylum at Norman, Okla.
April 21 Earthquake In southern Cali
fornia; towns of Hamet and San Jacinto
May 1 Savannah- liner City of Athens
sunk in collision with French cruiser off
Delaware cost; 66 lives lost.
May 18 Nearly a hundred persons killed
by explosions In Aetna Chemical plant,
near Pittsburgh, Pa.
June 22 Circus train telescoped at
Gary, Ind:; 63 killed.
June 29 iarty persons Kiiiea oy conapsti
of building in Sioux City. la,
July 1-rShell factory explosion In Eng
land killed 50. ....
July 2 Explosion in munitions plant
near Syracuse, N. Y., killed 16.
July 6 Excursion boat sank in Illinois
river; 85 lives lost.
Guam devastated by typhoon.
July 9 Hundred persons killed In train
collision near Nashville, Tenn.
July 12 Japanese battleship blew up,
killing 500 men.
Aug. 21 Tornado In Minnesota destroyed
Tyler and Connors, killing about 50.
Oct. 3 Shell loading plant at Morgan,
N. J.. blew up; 94 killed.
Oct. 11 Severe earthquake in Porto
Rico; 150 killed.
Oct. 12 Great forest fires in northeast
ern Minnesota; many towns destroyed and
about 1,000 lives lost.
Oct. 25 Steamship Princess Sophia
wrecked on Alaska coast; 343 lives lost.
Nov. 1 Ninety-eight persons killed in
wreck on Brooklyn Rapid Transit train.
Nov. 21 About 1,600 killed by explosion
of munition trains in Belgium.
Feb. 8 Kieckhefer won three-cushion
billiard championship from De Oro.
Feb. 25 Jack Dempsey defeated Bill
Brennan In six tounds at Milwaukee.
March 15 Kieckhefer successfully de
fended three-cushion billiard champion
ship against Cannefax.
March 23 Michigan university won the
eighth annual indoor conference meet.
April 19 -Kieckhefer retalnd three-cushion
championship, beating Maupome.
Sept. 11 Boston American league team
defeated Chicago National league team
for world's championship, and profes
sional baseball quit for period of the war.
Nov. 8 Kieckhefer retained three-cushion
title, defeating McCourt.
' Nov. 22 Kieckhefer retained three-cushion
title, defeating Cannefax.
April 22 Five hundred killed in battle
between Mexican federal forces and
April 28 Dr. Sldonio Paes elected presi
dent of Portugal.
Sept. 6 Hsu Shih Chang elected presi
dent 0f China., . . -
Dec. 1 Peru and Chile preparing for
war over provinces of Tacna and Arica, 1
' Dec. 11 Gustav e Ador elected president -of
Switzerland. . .
Dec. 14 Sidonlo Paes, president of Por
Premier Lloyd George and coalition
cabinet won in British general election.
Dec. 17 Admiral Castro elected presi
dent of Portugal. ...