Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.) /
Sept. 24, 1931, edition 1 /
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The Carolina Watchman
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY
The Carolina Watchman Publishing Co.
SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA
Established in 1832 99th Tear of Publication j
E. W. G. Huffman_Editor
S. Holmes Plexico_Business Manager
A. R. Monroe__Advertising Manager
News and editorials __ 695
i Advertising and circulation_532
SUBSCRIPTION RATES I
Payable in Advance
! One Year __ $1.00
Three Years _ 2.00
j Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice at Salis- !
bury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 1879.
"If the choice were left to me whether to have a
free press or a free government, I would choose a
free press.”—Thomas Jefferson.
THURSDAY MORNING, SEPT. 24, 1931
CITIES AND TOWNS
Salisbury _ 16,951 Gold Hill _ 156
Spencer _ 3,129 Granite Quarry _ 507
E. Spencer _...... 2,098 Rockwell _696
China Grove _ 1,258 Faith _ 431
Landis _“... 1,388 Kannapolis_ 13,912
Atwell _ 2,619 Morgan _ 1,327
China Grove_ 8,990 Mt. Ulla _ 1,389
Cleveland _ 1,445 Providence_ 2,589
Franklin_ 2,246 Salisbury _ 25,153
Gold Hill _ 2,642 S. Irish _ 1,251
Litaker- 2,562 Steele _ 1,142
Locke- 1,904 Unity___ 1,406
OUR RETAIL STORES
Salisbury is rightfully proud of the retail
establishments which make up its business dis
trict. For the most part they are operated by
efficient merchants who seek to give to their
customers honest value for their money. The
local retail merchants deserve the support and
patronage of our citizens.
Our local merchants are a part of a gigan
tic retail system of retail establishments ex
isting throughout the United States. The Cen
sus Bureau announced recently that there were
1A49,168 such stores in the United States, do
ing a tcftaP business the year 1929 exceeding^*"
fifty billions of dollars, a per capita sale of
slightly more than four hundred dollars. Oth
er interesting facts ascertained by the survey
of the government are summarized as fol
"Census of Distribution figures show that
of the 1,549,168 retail stores in the United
States, 497,715, or 32.13 per cent, are engag
ed primarily in the selling of food products,
and the net sales of these stores in 1929 totaled
$11,310,627,359, about 23 per cent of the
$50,033,850,792 total retail sales. The figures
also reveal that of the $407.52 per capita re
tail sales $92.12 was spent in 1929 in stores
selling primary food products.
"Automotive establishments were next in
number and total sales—253,322, with net sales
of $9,546,897,913, about 19 per cent of the
total retail sales. Per capita automotive sales
amounted to $77.76. General merchandise
stores stand third in importance, with a total
of 70,263 stores, and net sales amounting in
1929 to $7,140,515,384, or 14.27 per cent of
the total. The per capita sales of general mer
cnanaise stores amounted to >)».16.
"Country general stores, which are a com
bination of food and other merchandise stores,
numbered . 87,683, with net sales of $1,927,
622,967, about 4 per cent of the total sales;
their per capita sales were $15.70. The coun
try general stores classification is used only in
places of less than 10,000 inhabitants.
"Net sales of the apparel stores, including
women’s apparel and accessories and men’s
wear, amounted to 8.62 per cent of the nation
al total; furniture and household stores, 4.57
per cent; restaurants and other eating places,
4.19 per cent; lumber and building, 7.27 per
THE COST OF CRIME
While many elements in the cost of crime
are indefinite and not subject to an estimate,
the Wickersham Commission in one of its re
ports estimates that crime in one year exacts a
toll of considerably more than a billion dollars
from the people of the United States. This
has been summarized as follows:
"Federal criminal law admin
State police_ 2,000,000
State penal and correctional
institutions _,__ '51,720,000
Criminal law administration
in 300 cities _247,700,000
Private industrial police in
Private protective service in
large cities_ 10,000,000
Private watchmen _159,000,000
Armored-car service _ 3,900,000
Private correctional treat
ment of criminals_ 850,000
Insured losses due to crime _ 47,000,000
Insurance against crime_106,000,000
Safes, chests, vaults_ 4,227,000
Bullet-proof glass ....._ 311,000
Known incendiarism _ 2,000,000
Burglary of banks _ 1,800,000
Thefts from jewelers_ 2,000,000
Railroad freight thefts _ 1,100,000
Forgeries ___ 40,000,000
Indirect cost through loss of
We refer often to the "high cost of arma
ment and the terrific burden of expenses in
connection with war. Side by side we should
keep before our minds the enormous waste in
money caused by crime.
Every citizen in this country can help re
duce this charge. Every mother and father in
Salisbury entrusted with training of children
can share in the task of instilling proper ethical
conceptions and moral principles to guide the
conduct of their children through life.
GOING TO THE COUNTRY
Many economists are questioning whether
the tendency of population to concentrate it
self is not coming to an end.
It would seem to be logical that, with the
advent of the automobile and good roads, mak
ing the problem of individual transportation
less difficult, many workers in cities would
reside in less thickly populated sections to se
cure the advantages of more room and small
While the census figures do not yet indi
cate that the larger cities of the nation are
showing signs of a decreased population, there
are indications of unquestionable significance
that there is a decentralizing process going on,
which is adding to the number of those living
in rural sections as against those living in the
smaller towns and cities.
The number of inhabitants living on farms
in the United States dropped from 31,614,
269 in 1920 to 30,447,550 in 1930. This was
a decrease of the number of persons living on
farms of 3.8 per cent. This group constituted
29.9 per cent of the total population in 1920
8 p*-1 cent in 1930.-* £»■>' r
However, the number of inhabitants living
in rural territory increased, notwithstanding.
During the same period the population in rural
sections but not on farms increased from 20,
047,377 to 23,662,710, representing an in
crease in the total population from 19 to 19.3
pyt cent. The rural non-farm population in
creased 18 per cent during this decade.
The city dweller, faced with high rents and
other high living expenses, can now live in a
rural community or town and by using a car
and the modern highway be just as close to his
work as when he formerly walked or waited
on the street car even though the distance in
miles has been increased ten fold. If industry
adopts the shorter working day, as it will in
the 'course of time, such workers will have
ample time to supplement their industrial oc
cupation with the production of a limited
amount of foodstuffs at a home in the coun
try where sufficient room for a garden, a
cow, and poultry is to found.
ROADS FOR FARM RELIEF
Since 1915 the number of automobiles in
use in this country has increased at the rate of
1,000,000 a year. It is estimated that 28,000,
000 cars are now in operation.
Vast sums have been spent for road build
ing, with the result that fast, well paved high
ways carry us from city to city, from state to
state. The average city dweller thinks that the
United States is adequately provided with
As a matter of fact, however, only an in
finitesimal fraction of roads in use have been
extensively improved. Five million farmers,
according to an authoritative survey, are cut
off from their markets during a part of each
year by impassable roads.
Good roads that keep the farmer in con
tact with his markets at all times and allow
him to transport goods quickly and economi
cally, are an essential factor giving agriculture |
a sound economic foundation.
(From The Toledo Blade)
Men who argue that anything can be
proved by the Bible should be delighted with
this sentence from Psalms: "The rebellious
dwell in a dry land.”
"Who Owns the Air?” inquires an edi
torial caption in the Goldsboro News-Argus.
Frankly Ye Paragrapher doesn’t know; so
many people have been told to take it.—
I The |
! Watchman j
I Tower |
To the Lovers of Nature in
Salisbury and Rowan County:
My dear Friends:
September’s here, prelude to the
brilliant tapestry of autumn weaves.
Already nature has prepared those
golden days which are a joy and de
light. Late apples ripening. Chrysan
themums, autumn’s own flowers, are
inclining to buds. Maples and sweet
gums on high ridges are showing faint
touches of color scarcely discernible
among the lusty greens of oaks and
sycamores. Tall meadow grass has gone
to head and the sumac’s fruity spikes
are darkening. Birds are congregating
to discuss the flight southward,
scampering squirrels invite a speaking
The long evenings of midsummer
have already gone, and the early dawns
are following them into the far south.
Bird dogs grow restless, pumpkins are
turning yellow and the ears are hang
ing heavy in the cornfields. Soon will
come Thanksgiving, snow. But be
tween August’s heat and October’s
frosts remains September, season of
beauty and nature’s benevolence.
Extend yourself, exercise your soul.
It’ll keep your morale up.
Governor Matthew Rowan.
Mr. C. L. Neel,
R. F. D.,
Salisbury, N. C.
My dear Mr. Neel:
Allow me to congratulate you on
Rowan’s Neda, W. S. R. 103803, a
cow bred by you, which established a
new Guernsey record for milk and
butter fat. Your product has surpass
ed all records in this field and I am
sure all dairy men in this county, as
well as in the state, are proud of you.
I extend my best wishes and wish
you continued success in the future
in your dairy activities.
4 Governor Matthew Rowan.
To the Promoters of the
Daniel Boone Trail:
Blazing of the Daniel Boone trail
across this state to Kentucky is a note
W'prthyachievement. It assures us that
wonderful road systems 5i" this"
state and country are nor merely lay
outs of hard surface consisting of
rock, sand, lime, cement and tar, but
that it is also a thing of beauty, senti
ment and a work to be appreciated.
It is especially pleasing to those of
us who are fortunate to live where
Daniel Boone lived; where he made
his home and had his being; where he
bought land and sold it, (as shown
by the records in the office of the
register of deeds of Rowan county),
and where he lived during an import
ant period of his life.
We not only wish to thank those
of you who have made the Daniel
Boone trail a reality, but to assure you
of our appreciation.
Governor Matthew Rowan.
To the Merchants and Manufacturers
of Salisbury and Rowan County:
Please allow me to heartily endorse
your plans for an exposition in Salis
bury during the week of Sept. 26
October 3. It will be an inspiration
not only to all business-minded peo
ple of our city and county, but also
an inspiration to all of us who have
faith in the future progress, wellbeing
and continued growth of our com
If the exposition does nothing more
than to instill into our beings the as
surance that the depression is waning,
the event will be well worth its while.
I wish you success.
Governor Matthew Rowan.
State Highway System,
Raleigh, N. C.
I was glad to learn that you plan
to mark the county highways through
out the entire state, directing the
travelers to all places of importance
This is a work that will prove ben
eficial, and I extend to you my fe
licitations. It will further boost the
highway system of the state in the
eyes of the world.
Governor Matthew Rowan.
To the Owners of Vacant Lots
Driving about over the city, one
sees here and there vacant lots grown
up in tall grass and weeds, not only
being very unsightly but making fine
breeding places for mosquitoes if we
should have a period of wet weather.
One can find places in high class resi
dential sections where the grass and
weeds are so tall alongside the paved
walks that a pedestrian would have to
get out into the street after a rain or
heavy dew to avoid getting his cloth
ing wet. By all means the grass and
weeds should be cut off all such va
cant lots, as a matter of civic pride,
to say nothing of sanitation and mos
quitoes. There are many men hunting
work and being aided by charity who
would be thankful for such jobs.
Governor Matthew Rowan*
Salisbury, N. C.
It is gratifying to learn that your
department is making a determined
effort to clean the mud off the side
walks in the residential sections, where
it has been washed down from higher
abutting ground. As I have pointed
out in previous letters, pedestrians in
some of our best residential sections
have to leave the sidewalks in places
after rains and walk out in the streets
to get around the beds of sticky mud.
I am glad to note that the situation
is being remedied as rapidly as possible
with the force at your command. It
will be appreciated.
Governor Matthew Rowan.
To Salisbury and Rowan County
For the past several months there
has been no occasion for slowing down
of automobiles when passing through
the various school zones. But it is very
important now since the schools have
Special efforts on the part of city
and county police are being made to
properly regulate all traffic in school
zones and your co-operation is not
only requested but is imperative.
It is up to the motorists to form
the habit again of taking extra pre
caution when passing schools.
Governor Matthew Rowan.
Please be brief. As a rule 200
words should be enough. Your
name and address must accom
pany each communication as an
evidence of good faith. Your
name will not be published un
less you wish it, but signed let
ters will be given the preference
A PLAN TO PRESERVE SURPLUS
VEGETABLES and FRUITS FOR
RELIEF WORK THIS WINTER.
To the Editor:
In Philadelphia a plan has been put
into operation whereby the fruit and
vegetables which the farmers have not
been able to dispose of are being gath
ered in trucks loaned by merchants
and distributed to the ^various churches
and synagogues. A fund has been col
lected fcerjars and^sugar and volun
teers from the congregations sff«Lput
ting up in the church kitchens quan
tities of food to be distributed to the
poor when needed.
Could not some energetic woman ■
with executive ability start some such i
plan here? I am sure there would be 1
plenty of willing volunteers were there
only a capable leader to get things
WHY SOME MARRIED WOMEN
WORK, AND NOT FOR LOVE
To the Editor:
Why are so many married women
working? Because the mother is re
sponsible for the children’s appearance
and health to the teacher and health
investigators. Milk is $5 a month for
one quart daily. Toothpaste, shoes and
numerous other items which are be
coming compulsory must be purchas
er! W/tiore is fbf- wnmjn voin? to ob
tain the money to buy them? How
many of the working mothers are go
ing to work in automobiles daily?
Fathers spend two-thirds of their
salaries on automobiles, which some
times are a necessity, but not always. |
Where will we ever find some one hon- (
est enough to admit the necessity of |
help in a home where there are chil- .
dren, as they require complete care J
until the age of 18 years? .
How can anyone think that after (
a mother prepares breakfast and lunch- |
es for five people every morning year
in and year out, does all her house (
work except the heaviest laundry, and
still must leave home 8 o’clock every (
morning she does so for the love of
work? There does not seem any other j
way to obtain a peaceful living.
Until some one will compel the em
ployer to send part of the salary di- j
reedy to the mother there is not go
ing to be any great improvement in '
the business world for anything but
automobiles. Such conditions are oft
en the cause of divorces also.
A Slave. '
ORTA BE A LAW TO PREVENT ,
ANYONE UNDER 21 YEARS OF ;
AGE BEING GRANTED A LI- i
CENSE TO DRIVE A MOTOR
CAR, HE THINKS.
To the Editor:
This thing called American freedom c
is all very well, but when it is so
abused by youngsters of 15, 16 and 17
it’s time that something was done to
I allude to the reckless driving of
automobiles by these young, irrespon
A yellow roadster with four or five
youngsters ranging from 15 to 18
came along at a breakneck speed to :
the left of the street car in which
I was riding and speeded by just in
time and missed being hit by the car
by perhaps a foot. Everyone in the
car gasped, yet these mere children
kept right on going without "batting
an eyelash,” so to speak.
I would urgently surest that a
bill be introduced in the Legislature
that no licenses should be issued in
this state to any under the age of 21
Perhaps automobile accidents might
be decreased thereby.
WOULD HAVE US GO BARKING
To the Editor:
Young men who are not old enough
to remember the Reconstruction pe
riod following the Civil War between
the States, know nothing about hard
times. We of the Southern States, lost
every thing but our land as a conse
quence of the war; we had no money
of any kind. Business was transacted
by bartering or swapping with each
other. The farmers who had more
wheat than the family could consume,
would swap for corn, potatoes, etc.,
with a neighbor who had a surplus of
such commodities. This was the way
business was carried on. Asheville was
the mountain metropolis and the clear
ing house where the big exchange bus
iness was carried on in western North
Carolina. The writer would drive a
four-mule team from North Bun
combe, for his father; which would
be loaded with corn, wheat, oats, etc..
and barter the whole load for salt,
domestic cloth, and whatever was
there for bartering, and we did not
look upon it as a hardship; but as a
great blessing that the war; which
had been going on for four years, was
over and everybody gone to work. If
every man, woman and child in North
Carolina, job or no job; would go to
work and go to bragging about what
a good country North Carolina is;
and how plentiful provisions are for
everybody; hard times would be over
right then. The writer will admit
there is cause for our economic de
pression; but that cause is principal
ly in the mind of the people. Now
let’s everybody quit howling depres
sion and hard times and go to barking
for good times and prosperity, and
see what will happen.
J. R. Sams,
County Agent at Large.
Davidson, N. C.
i Returns To Home
Gary, Ind.—William C. Flanagan,
lorse-race bookie kidnapped five days
igo while exercising his wife’s Pek
nese, returned to his hotel apartment
He immediately retired to his rooms
ind refused to discuss the terms of
His attorney, J. Glen Harris, who
laid he negotiated with the kidnappers,
-eported that they released him at a
filling station at Tolleston, a suburb.
Harris said no money had been paid
"I obtained information,” he said,
'from a rival gang and bargained with
:hem on the basis that I would ex
nose Flanagan’s hiding place unless
:hey returned him.”
Harris intimated, however, that a
irnall amount would be paid over now
hat Flanagan had returned unharm
Feed Cows More,
As Pastures Decline
As pastures decline and the grasses
jecome tough and woody, the dairy
row needs an additional allowance of
roth grain and forage. If this allow
ince is gradually increased as the pas
ures fail, the milk flow will be main
lined. If not, dairymen will have a
rostly job trying to get the milk, flow
jack up to normal later on. ,
This is the opinion of John A. Arey,
lairy extension specialist at State Col
ege, who asks dairymen in all parts
>f the State to keep an eye on their
jastures. Usually in September and
October, the milk flow begins to drop,
rhe main cause for this is that the
-razing is short and more fibre and
ess protein are in the grasses. Where
-ood fall pasture, such as provided by
espedeza or other legumes, is avail
ible, the cows will provide an eco
romical milk flow with only a light
-rain ration if they are allowed to
-raze day and night.
Even then, he says, the animal
hould have at least one pound of grain
:o each four pounds of milk produced,
rhis may be continued until the graz
ng begins to fail, when the grain
hould also be increased. Mr. Arey says
i good grain mixture for this season
jf the year and which is also suitable
or w-inter feeding when plenty of le
gume hay is available, is made up as
rollows: 400 pounds of corn meal;
100 pounds of cottonseed meal; 200
rounds of wheat bran, and, 100
rounds of ground oats. One-half of
his corn meal may be replaced by
:rushed wheat or barley on farms
vhere these two are available and corn
Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.)
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