Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.) /
Nov. 5, 1931, edition 1 /
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BY BETTY* WEBSTER
Housecleaning is not what it used
to be. It is not a thing one has to run
from or dread. With our new electri
cal improvements and the vogue of
eliminating non-essentials, has come the
period of almost constant cleanliness.
Of course, to be really clean our homes
- must "have a bath,” so to speak, at
least once, and sometimes twice a
year. November is a good month for
this and leaves one fresh to enjoy the
holidays and the winter months. Some
good rules to follow are:
1. Begin with closets and draw
ers. This includes pantries.
How to clean closets:
(a) Hang heavy clothes and furs
(b) Send soiled clothes to clean
(c) Give away to needy anything
you will not be able to use and
which will always be in the
way. Better some good than no
(d) Wash' woodwork, floors and
(e) Paint woodwork, drawers and
cracks in floors with turpen
tine. Use a regular paint brush
for this. This leaves a closet
absolutely clean and free from
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so that it will not be necessary to trail
through them with dirt from other
3. Plan ahead for cleaning and
have plenty of rags, polishes and soaps
4. Do one or two rooms at a time
where possible, to avoid overtiredness
and making the whole family uncom
3. It is well to re-arrange some.
Add a few of the latest touches either
in drapes, furniture or bric-a-brac.
Put away or give away useless things,
- so when through the rooms will
__breatheof hominess, cleanliness and
good looks. ,
6. Try and avoid a cluttered ap
pearance. Too much bric-a-brac means
endless dusting, and needless homely
furniture detracts. Do not save, to the
point of having your things a burden
1 large cup boiled rice.
2 or 3 slices of bacon.
1-2 an onion.
Method: Dice bacon and fry—add
onion and fry brown. Add rice—then
push all to one side of pan. Beat eggs
well and fry in same pan. Then scram
ble all the ingredients together. Add
salt and a little pepper. Serve immed
Upside Down Cake
1 teaspoon of vanilla.
A pinch of salt.
1-2 cup of cold water.
1 cup of sugar.
1 cup of flour.
1 1-2 teaspoons of baking powder.
1 cup of brown sugar.
3 tablespoons of melted butter.
5 slices of canned pineapple (cut in
Mehod: Beat the yolk of eggs; add
sugar, vanilla, salt and flour to which
baking powder has been added.
Then: Put in an iron frying pan, the
sugar, butter and pineapple, mix well,
Then: Pour sponge cake batter over
sugar mixture and put pan in moderate
oven to bake. When done, turn out op
a pretty platter. Serve with whipped
cream. It will be a delicious cake with
a maple frosting already on it.
How to Make a Fine Grained Stiff
Beat egg whites until stiff enough
to invert bowl without their falling
out. Add the sugar very gradually.
For each egg white used—add 1-8
teaspoon cream of tartar. Add this to
the sugar and blend well.
MANY NEW USES ARE
FOUND FOR COTTON
The people of the South are fast
awakening to the fact that increased
consumption of cotton products offers
the greatest hope of relief from the
present cotton situation, according to
a statement issued by the association
for the increased use of cotton from
its general headquarters in Columbia,
S. C. The association says that reports
are coming in daily from every sec
tion of the South telling of organized
movements getting under way in com
munities to increase the sale of cotton
The association stated the Godchaux
Sugars, Inc., of New Orleans has just
purchased 10,000,000 cotton bags at
a price of $200,000. These will replace
Other developments reported by the
The Texas and Pacific railroad has
just purchased $$,000 worth of table
cloths and napkins for its .dining car
service. Other railroads are being urg
ed to purchase new cotton supplies at
Oil mills in Mississippi have pur
thased large numbers of cotton sacks
md are advertising their cottonseed
meal for sale in cotton sacks.
The Skinner Macaroni company of
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prijoducts in cotton sacks.
^The Palmetto Compress and Ware
house Co., of Columbia, is using cot
ton twine in place of jute and reports
that it is finding the cotton twine
very satisfactory. This company uses
7,000 pounds of twine each year. Oth
er compresses, warehouses, oil mills,
etc., are being urged to use this cotton
Large sales of cotton sacks to fer
tilizer companies have been reported,
indicating that much fertilizer will be
sold in cotton sacks next year.
The association has received copies
of resolutions passed by civic clubs,
j conventions, farm organizations and
women’s clubs from North Carolina
to Texas urging increased use of cot
The general assemblies of South
Carolina and Texas passed resolutions
urging the increased use of cotton pro
The Memphis Hotel Co., which op
erates the Hotel Peabody and other
hotels in Memphis, has announced that
every piece of linen in the Peabody
would be replaced by cotton. A hotel
in Marianna, Ark., announces that it
has purchased a very large supply of
cotton articles to replace other arti
Several newspapers over the South
have started regular crusades for the
increased use of cotton.
"She claims to.be one woman who
can keep a secret.”
"Yeah! But she means keep it in
Plant Expected To Play
Important Part In Help
ing Farmers Of South;
Charlotte.—The tremendously im
portant place which the several varie
ties of lespedeza will have in the
changing farm policy of the south
eastern states in the opinion of agri
cultural authorities, has just been em
phasized by an exhaustive visit to a
number of North and South Carolina
and Georgia counties by Dr. A. J.
Pieters, principal garonomist of the
bureau of plant industry, United States
department of agriculture, and his as
sistant, Dr. E. A. Hollowed. This tour
of inspection covered a large number
of counties in these three states where
advanced work has been done with
lespedeza and which have already felt
a marked impetus in their agriculture
through the use of this crop, the real
value of which is just beginning to be
Dr. Pieters and Dr. Hollowed, dur
ing their visit of inspection through
this section, studied the behavior of
the various species of lespedeza under
ad sorts of field and pasture condi
tions. They were interested in the suit
ability of the various species for pas
ture, for forage, and for soil improve
ment. They were keenly interested in
the seeding habits, results from va
rious dates and methods of seeding,
and in every practice that has been
successful in the handling of the crop
in any of its phases.
ror years tne Dureau or plant in
dustry has been searching for a crop
that would fill the place in the south
eastern states which alfalfa fills in the
states to the west where alfalfa grows
as readily as crab grass does in the
southeast. Such a crop must be acid
tolerant. It mustl be productive on or
dinary land. It must have ^x>d seed
ing habits. These authorities believe
that in the various species of lespe
deza this crop has been found. As a
matter of fact Dr. Pieters stated that
not only should lespedeza be supplying
all of the requirements of this section
for a legume hay but that this section
should be exporting thousands of tons
of high grade lespedeza hay to New
England and the east, which will
probably continue indefinitely to im
port legume hay. However, even the
production at home of all the hay
that we are using would result in the
saving of millions upon millions of
dollars by each of the Carolinas, both
of which are still importing thousands
of tons of alfalfa from western states.
Among the counties in the Caro
linas that were visited by Dr. Pieters
and Dr. Hollowell were Mecklenburg,
Cabarrus, Rowan, Stanly, Union, Gas
ton and Iredell in North Carolina, and
Chester, York, Spartanburg and other
counties in South Carolina.
One of the most interesting features
of the visit of Dr. Pieters and Dr.
Hollowell to this section was their in
spection of the tests with lespedeza
sericea, the now perennial species of
lespedeza, on the Lucas farm in Meck
lenburg county. This test plot was
planted in the spring of 1930 and
those who observed it last year were
tremendously impressed with the pos
sibilities of this new crop which, above
all others, promises to be to this sec
tion what alfalfa is to the western
states. If the crop made a good im
pression the first year, its behavior
during the second season has confirm
ed hopes and increased enthusiasm.
Where there was on stalk last year
from seed there were from a few to
more than a score of stalks this year
from the crown and root system of
the plant that lay dormant during the
winter. The field of perennial lespe
deza on the Luca* farm is the largest
in America, although it is only a lit
tle more than an acre in area. Seed
of this new wonder crop were sold
last year at as high a figure as $20 an
ounce, although only one sale was
made at that figure.
MAY LACK CASH
BUT NOT FOOD
The cotton farmer isn’t singing this
year as he picks the second largest
crop in history—not with cotton sell
ing at five cents a pound.
But he will have food enough for
his family, in most cases, thanks to
profiting by last year’s drought and
advice to diversify his crops. Some
how he will find grain for his mules.
Instead of new clothes, the old ones
will be patched or perhaps his wife
will make garments from burlap bags
as she has been taught by government
Five cent cotton, generally speak
ing, means that the share cropper has
worked all season for nothing. His re
turns will barely pay for his cash out
lay for feed, fertilizer, machinery, or
labor, although his production costs
this year were the lowest in a long
A year ago the cost of raising a
pound of cotton, including all items,
such as cash expenses, the farmer’s
own labor, land and fuel, was between
13 and 14 cents a pound. The year
before it was 16 cents.
The agriculture department has no
figures on 1931 costs, but machinery,
fertilizer, cottonseed and ginning pric
es have declined considerably. To econ
omize further, the farmer has dispens
ed with everything but the essentials,
doing more work himself and buying
almost 50 per cent less fertilizer.
There are about 2,000,000 cotton
farmers—renters and share croppers—
who on the basis of this year’s 16,
284,000 bale harvest, will produce an
average of 8 bales apiece. At 500
gaunds a bale and five cents a pound
fee- recurii funi the farmer's labor
amounts to $200.
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X lie dgu^uiiuit uv^/rti wuvm. J
weighted averaged of production costs
for 1930 was 131 as compared with
110 in 1929. The average will be much
lower this year.
Dr. J. A. Evans, director of the
federal extension work for the south
ern region, has a word of optimism
despite the farmers’ plight. He finds
the farmer has lived more at home
this year, raised more food for his
family and in many instances is get
ting more for his crop than he ex
Secretary Hyde cited the action of
the postoffice department in substitut
ing cotton twine for jute in tying
packages of letters. The postoffice uses
about 80 carloads or close to 3,000,
000 pounds of twine annually.
The postoffice, at the request of the
agriculture department, will advertise
for bids for 1,300,000,000 pounds of
cotton covering the needs of the post
office for six months beginning Jan
Canning should be done in the
kitchens, not in the industrial insti
TYPEWRITER RIBBONS —Spe
cial for a limited time. only—we
will install a new ribbon, oil your
typewriter, clean your type, all for
$1.00. Phone 532.
Rowan Printing Co.
~ , Koad t
By DR. WILLIAM J. SCHOLES
"If it isn’t better tomorrow, we
shall call the doctor.” It would be
much better to call him today the
first day of that sore throat. By to
morrow, there may be no question
about the sore throat being diphthe
ritic. A day will have been lost. And,
the loss of each day is serious in a case
From 12,000 to 11,000 people die
annually in the United States from
diphtheria. Statistics show that almost
all of the cases which are treated with
adequate amounts of antitoxin on the
first day of the disease, recover. The
death rate increases with each day’s
delay in the administration of anti
toxin. So the necessity of an early rec
ognition of this disease, in order that
effective treatment may be promptly
-— — r r
The sore throat of diphtheria may
easily be confused with less serious
sore throats. Diphtheria is recognized
by the general symptoms, the forma
tion of a false membrane in the throat,
and the examination of throat cul
tures. In some cases no membrane can
be seen, but there is a sore throat and
the germs of diphtheria are present.
One form of croup is diphtheria.
Spots or patches may form in the
throat as a result of other infections.
Children Greatest Sufferers
It is among children that diphtheria
takes a heavy toll. Between the ages
of two and twelve is the period of
greatest susceptibiliy. But it is pos
sible for diphtheria to occur earlier
than this, and older children and adults
are often affected.
The severity of the symptoms are
not always in proportion to the se
riousness of the disease. On the first
day of the disease, diphtheria patients
usually do not appear to be in any
more danger than those who have ton
sillitis. What appears to be a trivial
sore throat in the beginning may
prove to be a dangerous case of diph
theria if neglected.
The nature of every sore throat
should be determined without delay,
particularly in the case of children!
Gillis To Name His
Newburyport, Mass.—Mayor And
rew J. ("Bossy”) Gillis hopes to pub
lish the first issue of his weekly news
paper and says he will call it The
"It’ll be full of plenty of hot stuff
about any of those guys who think
they can lick "Bossy,” Gillis said in
explaning his selection of the name.
The paper will be primarily political
designed to reelect "Bossy” over four
or more other prospective Mayoralty
Dancing For Coming
Season Will Be Slow
Los Angeles.—Slow and rhythmic
steps to soft and dreamy melodies will
be the 1931-32 dancing mode as de
creed by the Dancing Masters of Am
erica, who opened their annual con
Miss Dorothy N. Kropper, president
of the New York Dancing Masters’
DR. N. C. LITTLE
AT STARNES JEWELRY STORE
PHONE 118 —
Association, said the day of the bois
tefous Charleston and Black Bottom
was far behind. She cited that no bet
ter evidence is needed than the popu
larity of the Brazilian Machiche, in
which can be recognized the Maxixe
of 1914 vogue, but which is even
slower and more dignified.
The Machiche, the dancing instruc
tors explained, suggests a greatly gen
tled fox trot, with long, graceful
strides in two-step time, emphasizing
one particular forward step in which
the heel touches the floor with the
ancient barrier lifted
Cambridge, Mass.—During the 296
years of Harvard University’s history,
lowly freshmen never have been per
mitted to live in the historic college
yard until this year.
Now, because of the $13,000,000
Harvard ||House Plar^,” first-year men
have been assigned to twelve yard dor
Quality is often the measure of
quantity especially in living.
IN CASH PRIZES
See Your Druggist.
YOU are gambling
if you keep your
valuables in your
hom*} without ade- If
from fire and theft. j
Why take this
chance when you
can buy a Meilink
Fireproof Chest for
SEE THEM AT
ROWAN PRINTING CO.
126 N. MAIN ST.
SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA
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