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' ‘ i
The Oldest Newspaper Published In North Carolina
Carolina Wati man
”The Watchman Carries a Summary of All The Klews”
—: - ' . - y J___ __
.OUNDED 1832—100TH YEAR_ -_" SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, Ji)lY 7, 1933 VOL. ion NO. 49 PRICE ? CENTS
Minimum Wage, 40-Hour Week Forecast
Believe Gen. Johnson
Will Accept Code
WILL SWELL COSTS
The 40-hour work week and a
minimum wage of $12 per week
were regarded as assured for the
cotton textile manufacturing in
dustry of the southern states this
Approval by General Johnson is
expected to be indorsed by Presi
dent Roosevelt. The code will;
not become effective, however, un
til it is given the President’s ap
Among manufacturers here the
impression existed that the south’s
great textile industry will shorten
its operating schedules to 40 hours
•and place all employees on a min
imum wage of $12 on jufy 17."'
In the course of conversations
with manufacturers in Salisbury,
it was learned that the southern
industry generally figures that the
tentatively adopted provisions of
this code will practical)v double:
the production costs. Most of the
plants now are operating on a
schedule of 120 hours per week,
but the code will limit them to 40:
hours per week for operatives and
to 80 hours per week for produc
tive machinery, or a reduction of
40 hours per week in operation of
machinery. This reduction will
have the effect of increasing the a
irrount of the fixed overhead which
will be charged under the cost ac
counting system to the units of
production. In addition to this in
creased cost, the minimum wage
will have the effect of further in
creasing the unit cost of produc
Reports received here said Gen
eral Johnson tentatively sided with
the manufacturers and against
labor when he favored retaining
the 40-hour minimum. This was
a compromise, it Jwas explained,
with the labor leaders, who won
in their fight for an increase in the
minimum wage to $12 per week
for the south and $13 for the north
from the original provision in the
code of $10 and $11, respectively.
In addition to these increases in
production costs and changes in
operating policies, the cotton man
ufacturers are anticipating that a
I processing tax will bfe added to
cotton within a short time to pro
vide funds for financing the acre
age retirement plan. These major
changes will combine to place the
industry on a basis entirely unlike
any existing previously in its his
Until the code is approved by
President Roosevelt find the re
maining uncertainties eliminated,
it was indicated manufacturers in
Salisbury will refrain from mak
ing any comment for publication
regarding the apparently approach
ing "new deal” in the industry.
SELL COTTON TO RUSSIA
The reconstruction finance cor
poration has arranged credits by
which American exporters will sell
<50,000 to 80,000 bales of cotton
to Soviet Russia.
CHILD FALLS TO DEATH
Rending over the side of a truck
to watch a dog barking at ths
| wheels Martha Anne Thrower
seven, fell and later died in a
Oh pity, please, the millionaires’,
It’s rime that we supported them
Oh, sure their yachts adorn the
They’ve big estates, yes two or
But incomes? Golly, no! Dear me!
They roll around in motor cars.
And never have to wear rheir
They eat three fancy meals a day
But if there’s any tax to pay
They haven’t got a sou—not they,
Yes, pity, please, the millionaires.
Poor sou Is -
We surely ought to pass the hat
You’d doubtless think to see their
Fhey’ve scads of money in the bank
But gosh- their income blanks are
Chauffeur—"This, madame, is
the hand brakes—it’s put on very
quickly, in case of an emergency.”
Madame—"I see—something like
^ OU HAVE to spin the yarn
before you can make up a lie out
of the whole cloth.
"There will be a dumb little
blonde beauty at the party tonight
who’s fresh from the country.
What do you say to the two of us
teaching her the difference be
tween right and wrong?”
"Okey, pal, You teach hei
She frowned on him and called him
Because in fun he merely kr.
And then in spite,
The following night,
The naughty Mr. kr. sr.
NOW THAT the ladies an
wearing cotton frocks probably
the next worm to turn will be the
Real estate agent—"Well, whal
do you think of our little city?”
Prospect—"I’ll tell you brother
This is the first cemetery I evei
saw with lights.”
THERE IS one thing can be saic
for modern bathing suits. It isn’l
as embarrassing as it might be tt
leave one off in an absent-mindec
SO FAR as we can see the Euro
pean debt isn’t multiplying.
"Why do you want your lov<
letters returned?” asked the gir
who had broken the engagement
"Are you afraid that I’ll sue ir
"No,” sighed the young man
"but I paid quite a bit to havi
those letters written by an expert
ind I may use them again sonii
LOVE has sugar-coated many ;
"Mother are we going to hea
"I hope so.”
"I wish papa could go, too.”
"Don’t you think he will go.’’
"Oh, no—he couldn’t get awa;
from the office.”
New Mid-Western Trade Route to the Sea
A new trade route has been opened to 22 mid-western state! It is the
I Great Lakes—Gulf of Mexico waterway now open to barge commerce, —
i the fulfillment of an inland dream of many years. Above is pictured the
first barge shipments crossing the official ship, USS Wilmette (background)
at Michigan Link Bridge, Chicago, and inaugurating the first ocean to
T aira Michigan shinments. It is said that twentv-two states in the Missis
Calendar Of Repeal
Shows Real Chance
Of 1933 Settlement
Series Of Defeats For Prohibitionists Ac
companied By Reduction In Number Of
States Unable To Vote This Year
Repeal of the Eighteenth A
mendment will become a fact only!
when thirty-six of the forty-eight
States have acted favorably upon
it. Thus far sixteen States have
voted, and all have declared lor
repeal. The narrowest margin was1
in Iowa (one of F. Scott McBride’s:
"real battlegrounds” before it
backslid), where the repetii.ts had
over a 3-to-2; edge. Thus rhc1
chances of repeal this year seem'
to hinge largely on how many!
States vote in time. Unexpectedj
progress in this direction was re
ported recently when repeal be
came immediate issue in Virginia,
and came to life again in Okla
homa, leaving only nine States in
which there is small likelihood of i
action before January 1, 1934.!
And in one of these, Colorado,
there is said to be a strong possi-!
bility of an extra session of the
States in which repeal has al
ready been acted upon (16).
3 to 1 to ratify repeal. Formal rati-j
fication April 10.
over 4 to 1 to ratify. Formal rat:-!
fication April 2 5.
RHODE ISLAND—May 1—i
Voted 7 to 1 to ratify. Formal rati-1
fication May 8.
WYOMING—May 15. Voted!
to ratify. Formal ratification May:
NEW JERSEY—May 16. Voted |
6 to 1 to ratify. Formal ratifica-!
tion June 5.
NEW YORK—May 23. Voted
: over 10 to 1 to ratify. Formal rati
, fication June 27.
over 3 to 1 to ratify. Formal rati-;
fication June 24.
NEVADA—May 27. Voted to;
ratify. Formal ratification Septem-i
nearly 4 to 1 to ratify. Formal:
ratification July 10.
INDIANA—June 6 — Voted
nearly 2 to 1 to ratify. Formal rat!-'
1 fication June 26.
—Voted over 4 to 1 to ratify.
IOWA—June 20—Voted over
i to 2 to ratify. Formal ratification
NEW HAMPSHIRE—June 20
—Voted over 2 to 1 to ratify.
Formal ratification July 11.
Voted 6 to 1 to ratify. Formal
ratification June 27.
WEST VIRGINIA—June 27—
Voted nearly 2 to 1 to ratify. For
mal ratification July 2 5.
:d 3 to 1 to ratify.
States in which dates have been
set for the vote on repeal (17.)
ALABAMA—Votes July 18.
Convention August 1.
Continued on page five
Farm Peony Wins i
Mr. A. M. Brand, on bis farm near
Faribault, Mian., went in for peony
raising. He developed some remark
able Hansena blooms. He entered
them in the Chntnry of Progress, world
fair at Chicago . . . and his peony
won the gold medal as best in the
Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus
has commuted the death sentence
against Sarah Black, negro woman j
of Wilson, to life imprisonment, i
BRUTON SUCCEEDS SILER j
Wade Bruton, of Troy has sue-:
ceeded Walter D. Siler as assistant1
to the attorney general, Siler hav-j
ing accepted a federal post in!
MACLEAN IS BIGGS’ AIDE
Angus D. MacLean, cf Wash
ington, N. C., has been appointed
assistant to U. S. Solicitor General
J. Crawford Biggs, and will have
his office in the nation’s capital, i
Avery county’s sheriff, W. H.
Hughes, and two of his deputies
were painfully wounded when they
were fired on from ambush by il
licit distillers using shotguns. The
attack Was made at a point near
AUTO KILLS PEDESTRIAN j
As he was walking home just,
north of Lincoln ton, Alex Wag-i
gerstaff, 84, was hit and killed1 by|
the car of George Stewart. Stew-}
art was held blameless.
SET TOBACCO MART
The Tobacco Association of the
United States met at Virginia
Beach and set August 1 as the date
for opening the Georgia market,
August IS for South Carolina,!
August 29 for Eastern Carolina,;
September 19 for the Middle Belt,]
September 26 for the Old Belt and;
November 7 for the dark Virginia1
$412,076 FOR N. C. RELIEF
Additional grant of $412,076 in
federal relief funds for North
Carolina was made by Harry L.
Hopkins, relief administrator.
TWO KILLED IN PLANE
Flying an unlicensed! plane, Bur
ton Pope, 21, and his passenger
Marvin W. Adams, 26, both of
Winston-Salem, crashed to their
deaths there. The wings broke off
at 1,5 00 feet and the plane fell in
the railroad yards.
$40,000 THOMASVILLE FIRE
Fire burned a finishing plant of
the Thomasville Chair company
with a loss of over $40,000. In
surance covered the loss.
McLAMB SENT TO CHAIR
For the killing of George R.
Hudson, Luther B. McLamb,
Smithfield, was sentenced by Judge
J. ■ Paul Frizelle to die in the elec
tric chair on August 4. The wife
of his victim made a vain plea to
the court that the sentence be re
duced to life imprisonment.
CHICAGO HIT BY STORM
A 17-minute storm hit Chicago
on Sunday wrecking over $1,000,
000 damage and injuring 20 or
Skated, Street to Stage
Miss Arietta Young of JNew York
City found recreation by roller skat
ing on the roadways it Central Park.
A theatrical producerfsaw her doing
her turns and glides and signed her
to a contract. Now she is appearing
— — .-■ r 1 1
Fix New Tax
Decision to prepare the schedule
of license and privilege taxes next
Tuesday at a special meeting was
decided upon by the city council
at its meeting Thursday afternoon.
Otherwise, only matters of
routine importance came up be
fore the council.
Following the reading of the
minutes by Miss Elizabeth Massey,
clerk, Dr. C. W. Armstrong,
health officer, reported the water
of the city to be in good condition
and free from any impurities. Dr.
Armstrong assured the new coun
cil of his desire to cooperate with
them in the future as he had in
the past and stated his office was
always open to suggestions or con
structive criticisms. Members of
the board1 were invited to call his
office any time they desired any in
formation concerning the work of
W. C. Maupin, local attorney,
gave notice of two claims against
the city. One fo a client whc
had lost a portion of one fingei
while working on a local recon
struction project. The other was
for injuries sustained by anothei
client who had fallen into a cul
vert. City Manager Holmes and
City Attorney, J. W. Ellis were
authorized to investigate these
claims and report back at the
next meeting of the council. Dr.
W. B. Duttera requested the board
for free water for children’s re
creational activities at the parish
house on Liberty street. This
matter was referred to Water Sup
A letter was read from M. E.
Miller, former city engineer and
water superintendent. Mr. Mailer
thanked the former cfeujicil for
cooperating with him in his work
the past two years and tendered
his assistance to his successor if it
should be needed at any time. He
Continued on page five
Do You Know The Answer?
Turn to back page for answers
1— In which city was the United
Daughters of the Confederacy or
2— What is mineralogy?
3— What proportion of U. S.
senators are elected every two
4— Of what country is the Con
go Free State a colony?
5— In what group of islands is
6— Was Henry Ford ever a can
didate for the U. S. Senate?
7— Who wrote "Uncle Tom’s
8— What is a congressman-at
9— What was the. name of thi
bull of Minos?
10— What is an unguent?
To Be Its
Guaranty Bank Is
Picked As New
HAS BRANCH HERE
Assurances were expressed here
last night that the new Guar
anty bank, with headquarters at
Greensboro, and formed from
North Carolina Bank & Trust com
pany, Independence Trust com
pany, and Page Trust company,
would be ready to begin business
within the next two weeks, proba
bly on Monday, July 17.
Committees representing depos
itors and' stockholders of three
banks which now are in liquida
tion and from which the new bank
win De rormed, at a meeting in
Raleigh selected directors to com
plete organization of the new in
istitution, to be capitalized at $1,
200,000 and to have a $300,000
j The seven members of the board
i of directors will meet this week
jwhen final details of the plan will
|be worked out, including the num
i ber of branches and their loca
tions and the election of officers.
[It is posible the new bank will be
in operation by the middle of July,
bank officers said.
Directors named were K. C.
Royall of Goldsboro and Raleigh;
N. L. Foy of Wilmington; Dr.
John Berry and N. S. Calhoun of
Greensboro; J. P. Gibbons of Flam
let; J. H. McEwen of Burlington,
•and W. A. Watson of Charlotte.
Royall, who has been active in
the plan to form the new bank
from the "best assets” of the
North Carolina Bank and Trust
company of Greensboro, the Page
Trust company of Aberdeen, and
the Independence Trust company
of Charlotte, was chairman of the
The North Carolina bank oper
ated 17 offices and the Page 14.
Since their closing, 14 cities and
towns in North Carolina have been
without banking facilities. Branch
es of both these banks were main
tained in some places. The Inde
pendence operated only in Char
When the matter of branches
has been settled and officers elected,
a charter will be applied for.
The committees representing the
old banks included four men nam
ed by depositors and two by stock
•unaer tne plan, depositors ana
stockholders of the North Caro
lina Bank will hold $300,000 stock
in the new bank, the Page com
pany $200,000, and the Independ
ence, $100,000. The Reconstruc
tion Finance corporation hhs a
greed to purchase $600,000 worth
of stock, J. A. Campbell, manager
of the loan agency of the R. F. C.
office at Charlotte, attended the
meeting, but only as an unofficial
A 20 per cent cash dividend
will be paid depositors of the three
old banks when the organisation
is completed and the balance due
will come through the regular pro
cess of liquidation.
Gurney P. Hood, state bank
commissioner, said that stock as
sessments! collected from stock
holders of the three old banks had
s climbed near the million dollar
mark, assuring success of the plan
unless stopped by court injunction.