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Tor pA Dni IN A Fvatcbman
norto carouna | 1 tin, V^AlvULilNA ssv
.J FOUNDED 1832—101ST YEAR. SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 27, 1933. ~ VOL 101 No. 13. PRICE 2 CENTS
Washington — The Administra
tion’s policies begin to become
clearer week, by week, not by rea
son of any specific declarations on
the part of the President and his
Cabinet, but by the character of
the action taken under the extreme
ly broad powers which the Execu
For example, it now1 seems quite
dear that there will be no such in
flation of the currency as. seemed
possible a few weks ago. Mr.
Roosevelt let the impression get
about that he was preparing to go
in ror innation on a big scale.
That, it turns out, was the nature
of a "trial ballcon”'to show which
way the winds of public sentiment
were blowing. They were blowing
so strongly against inflation in the
broad sense that it seems now as
if all idea of anything of the sort
Money From Closed Banks
There will be money provided for
the payment of depositors in most
of the closed banks, for one thing.
The government will take over their
assets and give them new money
for distribution. That does not
mean that every depositor in a clos
ed bank will get 100 cents for each
of his dollars. These assets will be
taken over only at what they are
worth. But this probably, officials
think, will put a billion dollars into
circulation that its owners cannot
now lay their hands on, and that
ought to prove a great stimulus to
Prices and Codes
While the NRA has not yet done
oil that was expected of it, and the
"Blue Eagle” agreements are only
temporary, at best, business men are
beginning to realize that the per
manent codes will accomplish v>hat
the various industries left to them
selves c laid never have accom
plished, mainly the abolition of
unfair competition. That there
must also be some method of con
trolling prices beginning to be ap
parent here, but agreement is still
lacking as to just how a general
policy in this respect can be work
ihe Agricultural Adjustment
Administration, under George Peek,
is doing its job faster, in this and
other respects, than the NRA is un
der General Johnson. And it looks
as if prices of agricultural products
to the farmers, and prices that pro
cessors may charge to consumers,
Will be well settled long before gen
eral business has been adjusted on
a similar basis.
Capital and Labor
Increasing concern is being
manifested over the increasing
number of strikes in various indus
tries all over the country. Every
effort so far to get the leaders of
industry and the labor leaders to
work in harmony has failed. La
bcy leaders say tfiat they don’t
trust the industrialists, and indus
trial leaders say they don’t trust or
ganized labor. Each side has a
good deal of history back of its dis
trust. Labor leaders are saying
that the Administration leans too
strongly toward Capital, and indus
trialists are remarking more or less
openly that it is too strongly pro
There seems little doubt that
when it comes to a showdown the
influence of labor will weigh the
heavier, everything else being equal.
The effort to organize all workers
in every line has the support of the
There is an immense amount of
labor organization going on in in
dustry, but not all of it is sponsor
ed by the American Federation of
Labor. It is in these independent
labor movements, or so it is believ
ed here, that most of the current
strike disturbances are occurring.
The tendency of the new labor
movement is toward" vertical’’
unions—that is, unions to include
all the workers in a given industry
no matter what their functions—
rather than the Federation’s sys
tem of "craft” unions. The for
mer is the old I. W. W. plan, under
the slogan of "One Big Union.”
Meantime, Labor is shaping its
lines for a big fight for the 30
hour week in all trades and indus
tries, by direct Congressional en
Sen. Reynolds Hits Saloons
Wet Speaker Scores Dry Argument
That Repeal Will Bring Back
The Open Saloon.
PRESIDENT IS OPPOSED
Senator Wants Government To Re
ceive Just Proportion of Taxes
From Liquor Sales.
Pressing his whirlwind campaign
for the repeal of the 18 th amend
ment into Warren county before
an audience that overflowed the
courthouse, Senator Robert R. Rey
nolds declared that the only argu
ment he had heard for the reten
tion of the amendfnent was that ii
would bring back the open saloon,
"My platform announced more
than two years ago,” he said, "em
phatically declared that I would
always oppose the open saloon, and
I renew that pledge.
"President Roosevelt has said
that he would always oppose the
return of the open saloon.
i ne uemocratic national plat
form declares that the party will
always oppose the return of the
"Every responsible leader I
know in both parties pledges you
that they will always oppose the
return of the open saloon.
"In the face of those solemn
pledges and that array of evidence
I am unable to see how our friends
of the opposition have the face to
continue with their only argu
Senator Reynolds said that h«
wants the government to derive
its just proportion of taxes from
the liquor which is now being sold
and which will always be sold, he
The attempt a? prohibition has
cost the federal government more
than 50 million dollars a year,
Senator Reynolds said, and the only
thing it has prohibited is the reve
nue the government is entitled to,
On the other hand he stated, it
has provided fabulous wealth foi
the bootleggers and the gangster;
*ho used those illicit funds tc
build up an empire of underworld
Roosevelt May Call Special Session
Of Congress, Observers Say.
Some observers in Washington
expect President Roosevelt to call
a special session of congress late in
November or early in December tc
deal with problems which will arise
llf repeal of the prohibition amend
ment is accomplished by the first
of December, as wets preeiict it
The question of regulating the
importation of liquors; steps to see
that the feeferal government pro
tects dry states, as the twentieth
amendment provides, and the ques
tion of liquor taxes are subject:
which would be considered,, it i:
Importation of liquor will be en
couraged, it is predicted, because
supplies on hand in the United
States are expected to be inade
quace. imporc auues wan nave it
be arranged. Domestic taxes or
liquor present the problem ol
whether the federal government
shall take all the revenue, or wheth
er it shall be divided with states.
Enforcement of state dry laws
will be in the hands of the Depart
ment of Justice, which recently
absorbed the prohibition enforce
ment unit in its own bureau of in
j RAILWAY. HEAD DIES
Henry W. Miller, 65, vice presi
! dent of the Southern Railway in
charge of operation for many
years, died in Bermuda last Friday
He was a native of Raleigh, spent
several years in Atlanta in the rail
j way service and was transferred to
■ Washington when he assumed the
office of vice president.
| TROY LAWYER GOES
\ TO PRISON
John M. Brittain, an attorney
of Troy, was removed to the fed
eral prison at Atlanta to begin ser
vice under his sentence of tw'o
years imposed by Judge Hayes at
j Greensbfero. The Montgomery ;
! lawyer pleaded guilty to forgery
in connection wdth an adjusted ser-!
wice check of approximately $800.
FLORIDA SHERIFF REMOVED
! Dan Hardie. sheriff of Miami |
county. Florida, has been virtually!
I kicked out of office by the Gover-i
nor cn charges of malfeasance and
'incompetency. The sheriff be-1
came rather a public character!
when he had1 charge of Zangara,1
the man who shot at President-elect
Roosevelt and killed Chicago's'
WHISKEY And jazz
! Dallas Eagan. 40, before going
; to the gallows at San Quentin
prison in California called for a
■ swig of whiskey and turned on the
phonograph for a jazz tune as a
death march as he wtalked calmly
up the 13 steps to point of execu-'
tion. He refused the services of:
both minister and priest. He had
been out of the church 40 years; he
preferred to go out alone.
\NEGRO WOUNDS OFFICER '
Night Officer S. O. Niven of
]Wadesboro was shot and seriously,
i wounded by a prowling negro. The
| negro opened fire when ordered to
i come out and the officer turned
'his flashlight on him. Niven was
struck twice, but other officers
coming to his assistance killed the
'negro. Niven is said to be doing
las.well as could be expected in the
(hospital at Wadesboro.
hANES LIQUIDATION CHIEF
Robert M. Hanes, Winston-'
Salem, has been made chairman of
the deposit liquidation committee
for Norch Carolina, and is conferr
ing this week with other state
j chairmen on a program of speedy!
I relief for depositors in closed
$2 5,000,000 FOR DEFENSE |
An allotment of $25,000,000 to;
provide hundreds of fighting planes.
and the motorization of all army!
departments, was made on Satur-j
day by the public works adminis-,
$300,000 FOR N. C. RELIEF j
j Relief Administrator Hopkins,'
announces from Washington that
$300,000 has been alloted to this
state for October relief purposes.!
iSENTENCE KELLY’S FRIFNDS
Completing the federal roundup
of those who aided in the Ursehel
I kidnaping, a Memphis jury took
(only 15 minutes to sentence Lang
ford Ramsey and John Tichenor
_-___i . L.ir _•
in prison for providing a hiding
i place for George Kfclly ^nd his
wife, two principals in the extor
tion of $200,000 from Urschel.
REYNOLDS NAMED IN SUIT
Richard J. Reynolds, North
Carolina tobacco man, has beenj
ordered by Supreme Court Justice;
| Cohen, New York City, to appear
(for examination in the suit for
$123,5 50 filed by Anna Rischke,
vaudeville dancer, for breach of
! Tammany In Struggle To Regain Power
Once again in the cycle of years New York’s Tammany is figl ;”g to
retain its political powers. Mayor John P. O ’Brien, Tammany c. late,
left, asks reelection. Joseph V. McKee, center, “Recovery Party’’ candi
date, said to have Washington support, is running as Independent Demo
crat, and Fiorello H. La Guardia, right heads the Fusion ticket.
Fines and Jail Terms For
Cheaters Of “Blue Eagle”
A two-edged executive order de
signed to enforce compliance with
the blue eagle provisions of the
presidential re-employment agree
ment has been issued by President
Roosevelt. The order calls for a
fine of $500 and six months tml
prisonment for any person falsely
representing himself to be operat
ing under the agreement or display
ing the blue eagle insignia while not
complying with its provisions. It
also ordered Hugh S. Johnson, NRA
administrator, to prescribe further
rules amplifying those laid down
by the Chief Executive.
The action followed closely upon
removal of the blue eagle from the
first establishment accused of vio
lating their agreement.
Gen Johnson ruled, under the
second section of the order, that
any person violating the agreement
must forfeit the blue eagle and may
not display it again without writ
Literally scores of complaints
have been received by the NRA
of violations of the re-employment
agreement, and this order of the
President is seen as providing means
of punishing "cheaters.’
At the same time Gen. Johnson
announced that plans are being
worked out to establish local boards
throughout the country to investi
gate reports of profiteering by mer
chants. In most cases investigated
thus far, Johnson said, price in
creases have been found to be jus
Will War On
The federal Department of Jus
tice has instructed attorneys in all
parts of the country to prosecute
all persons w!ho hold gold illegally
in amounts greater than $1,000.
The featral ban against gold
hoarding applies to all amounts in
excess cf $100, but it is said that
prosecution of holders of amounts
less than $1,000 is to come later.
Attorney General Cummings
has let it be known that the gov
ernment will aid district attorneys
in drawing up indictments. ?
The department of Justice also
will furnish reports covering all
cases of gold hoarding.
lhe first person actually indict
ed on charges of gold hoarding is
a New York attorney named Cum
mings. His trial is regarded as a
test of the federal regulations.
Asheville—Jack Moody, whc
said he was wounded in a duel with
a mysterious Quixote over a moun
tain lass, was given eight months
suspended jail sentence for accept
ing a challenge to duel.
i His Work
Commander Hayes to Fight For
Free Hospital Care for Veter
ans Regardless of Source
The new commander of the Am
erican Legion Edward' A. Hayes, of
Decatur, 111., is a candidate who
1 "arrived” when his pet issue sud
j denly became the former service
men’s pressing problem.
, The tall, slim lawyer is the Leg
ion’s expert on the snarled finances,'
anatomy, politics, and tragedy de-|
scribed tersely in the word "rehab-!
j To put over the Legion’s policies!
I in this matter of how much andj
| what kind of care the war veterans!
j are to get from the government,
; Hayes has fought many bitter bat
tles with Frank T. Hines, chief of
the veterans’ bureau, and in the
four-point prog.am he drew for
11933 he opposes President Roose
The Hayes platform, which in all
other respects is concilatory and
considerate of the public pocket
] book, demands free hospital care for
all veterans, whether their ailments
,date from war service or from any!
. muffirfunp cinr/*
Hayes tackles his biggest case—
the case of the former service men'
complaining against cuts in their j
compensation which President
Roosevelt made in March—with a!
year of intensive preparation and
many years of study.
The involved medical-legal prob
lems of the compensation cases arej
'in Hayes’ line. In private lawj
practice in Decatur he specialized
j in similar questions raised by in
dustrial accidents. ,
! The figures on veterans’ relief,
the rules, and the costs are as fa
' miliar to Hayes as his telephone
| number, and he argues the veteran’s
lease with ardor in print or in con
I Educated in the public schools,
Hayes studied law in a Chicago of
'fice. He is married and has four
children. More than six feet 'tall,
j he is slender and erect and looks
1 younger than his 42 years.
i DOG CARRIES HOME $10
THAT MASTER HAD LOST
While shopping around, Fred
iGarlorw, of Cody, Wyo., lost a $10
I bill. He searched for it without
.success. The next morning when
he went to feed his Chesapeake
retriever, the animal was carefully
guarding the bill after carrying it
home. Garlow has trained the
dog to pick up anything he drops.
Hey you can’t turn around in
the middle of the block.”
Oh I think I can, officer; just
give me the time.”
GETTING HER GOAT
Mr. Sass—But, darling, you’ve
been talking for half an hour, and
I haven’t said -a word.
Mrs. Sass—No, you haven’t said
anything—but you’ve been ■
ing in a most aggravating manner,
and I m not going to stand it.
Br.de—You didn’t talk that way
bet ore we were married—
Bride—You said you would go
through fire and water for me, and
new you refuse every time I ask
you for money.
Grcom—But I never said I’d go
through bankruptcy for you.
CAUSE AND EFFECT
Daughter, you are entirely too
haughty. No man will ever sue
for your hand.”
Well, that will save me from
suing for divorce.”
Husband-One more payment
and the furniture’s ours.
Wife—Good. Then we can
throw it out and get some new
Professor—Wake that fellow
next to you will you?
Student Aw, do it yourself,
you put him to sleep.
Wife—How do you like my new
Husband I liked it better on
the milliner’s stand.
Local Barber—Haven’t I shaved'
you before sir?
Victim—No, I got that scar in
NO REAL DANGER
Wife—Bill wake up. There are’
burglars in the pantry eating my
Bill—Well it doesn’t matter does
it so long as they don’t die in the
WON AND LOST
"What’s happened? Have you
had an accident?”
"No, I just bet Hans he couldn’t
carry me up a ladder on his back,!
and I won.” ['
Dentist—This set will cost you
Patient—Haven’t you got any
Visitor—Does the giraffe get a
sore throat, when he gets wet feet?
Attendant—Yes, sir, but not un
til the next week.
A WORD OF WARNING
The telephone rang in the fire
"Is this the fire station?” asked
a timid voice.
"Yes,” replied the fireman.
"Well, I’ve just built a new
rock garden and I—”
"Where’s the fire?” asked the
"Some of the new plants are
very expensive and—”
"Look here,” said the fireman at
Jast "Where’s the fire?”
"I was coming to that,” said the
voice. "My neighbor’s house is on
fire, and I don’t want you clumsy
firemen tramping over my rdck
Will Vote On
Election Ordered By County Com
missioners After Petition Is
McCanless is leader
Horse Racing With Pari-Mutual
Betting To Be Decided By
The special election for the lega
lization or rejection cf horse rac
ing and pari-mutual betting in
Rowan county has been called for
Tuesday, November 21 by the
Board of County Commissioners at
i special meeting held on Monday.
The election was ordered after
1 petition bearing some 2,500 signa
tures was presented to the the com
missioners. W. F. McCanless a
member of the City Council head
the petitioners and is a prime mover
in the effort to secure the endorse
ment of this sport for Rowan
The race course owned by Mr.
McCanless and located at the
Rowan Fair grounds is the propos
ed site for the horse racing tracks.
This being one of the finest race
tracks between Washington and
Polk county voters approved the
legalization of races in a referen
dum several months ago, but so
far as is known here, no action has
been taken toward instituting the
sport there. Pasquotank county
rejected a similar proposal by a
E. W. Tatum Dies
At Home Here
E. Walter Tatum died Saturday*
light at his home on South Ellis
street from a throat infection with
svhich he had suffered for six
nonths. The funeral was conduct
id from the home Monday morn
ink at 11 o’clock and interment
ivas in Chestnut Hill cemetery.
Mr. Tatum was a native of Je
rusalem, Davie county, being a son
af Samuel Jesse Tatum, and was
5 8 years old. He came to Salisbury
n 1893 and has since made his home
lere. For some years he was con
nected .with mercantile establish
ments and1 for the past six yjrs
has been president of the Carolina ,
Dry Goods company. A number
>f years he, traveled over the Caro
inas for the Wallace Wholesale
sompany. He was an active
member of the First Baptist church
md years ago assisted in organizing
the first organized Bible class for
idults in Salisbury. He headed
the local Baraca organization ' and
me term was president of the state
jrganization. He organized the
local chapter of the United Com
mercial Travelers, filled all the of
fices in this chapter and also all of
the chairs in the state organization.
Surviving is the widow who was
Miss Edna Low and four children,
the children being Dr. Walter Low
Tatum, physician, of Salisbury;
Sam C. Tatum, of Greensboro;
Miss Catherine Tatum, of Salisbury
md Miss Edna Amelia Tatum, of
the Lincolnton schools, also a num
ber of brothers and sisters survive.
PENSION COMES TOO LATE
Despondent because his paralysis
could not technically be connected
with his military service and his
government compensation had been
cut off, Albert Wurtenberger, 3$,
war veteran, of Portland, Ore.,
guided his wheelchair to the kitchen
and ended his life with gas.
A few hours later a special board
of review, unaware of his death,
awarded him $100 a month com