North Carolina Newspapers

    WASHINGTON
Peck Explains Relief.
The Corn-Hog P ro
gram.
Cotton and Tobacco.
Milk Agreements Next.
Washington—The Administra
tion is beginning to get a bit peev
ed with the farmers. Not so
much with the real farmers, per
haps, as with farm "leaders” who
are opposing the Government’s ef
forts to do something real for agri
culture and are formenting "farm
ers strikes” and other uprisings
against the Federal program.
The feeling fin, Administration
circles is that the relief of farm
conditions, through the raising of
farm prices and the distribution of
huge cash sums to farmers as pay
ment f<k crop reduction, is the
biggest thing that has been under
taken since last March. There is
keen recognition of the fact that
until the farmer is made prosperous
again, the rest of the country will
still feel the depression. And it
makes some of the earnest men,
who have been trying to do every
thing possible to make agricultural
conditions better, feel scimetlhing
sore to be accused of working for
every interest except that of the
farmer.
More praise has reached Wash
ington for the work of George N.
Peek, Administrator of the Agri
cultural Adjustment Act, than for
that cif any other executive here,
including General Johnson. There
is a rooted belief that he, with the
backing of Secretary Wallace, is
doing a good job. Mr. Peek thinks
so himself, and took the trouble
the other day to go into the whole
farm relief program and tell what
has actually been done. He thinks
that most of the opposition, where
it does not' arise from self-seeking
motives on the part of so-called
"leaders” is due to the fact that
the public does not quite understand
the whole program.
In the matter of wheat, for in
stance, more than 550,000 grow
ers have-signed up for a reduction
of their wheat acreage for 1934
and 193 5, for which they will re
ceive 28 cents a bushel for the esti
. r i . I _
mated amount ui wuww wn
tribute to the domestic market,
over and above the price they ac
tually receive for the wheat. Mr.
Peek made the point here that this
is real money, derived from the 30
cent procssng tax leyid on the mill
ers, and that distribution of this
money has already begun. There
will be above $100,000,000 in all,
cf whch $70,000,000 will go out
within a very few weeks, nearly
$25,000,000 into Kansas, almost
$15,000,000 into North Dakota,
and so on through the wheat grow
ing states.
“The farmers who are benefi
ciaries of this plan are not resort
ing to violence to get justice,” Mr
Peek said.
The corn-hog program is to work
in the same way. Before New
Year’s every corn grower and hog
feeder will have had his chance to
sign up for similar cash benfits.
Those who come ih will be able to
get immediate cash loans on their
stored corn, as well as bonus pay
ments for reduction of production
next year and thereafter.
The emergency purchase of 200,
000 sows and 6,200,000 pigs last
summer at a price well above the
market has already started new
money flowing in the corn-hog
farmers’ pockets, said Mr. Peek,
and the bonus plan now about to
be offered will distribute more
than $3 50,000,000 before Febru
ary, 1935, to the same class of
■firmm.
As soon as the wheat-growers'
checks begin to get into circulation
—some of them have already been
made out—Mr. Peek anticipates
there will be a rush of corn-hog
men to get in on the new deal, and
that there will spread a feeling of
confidence that what Washington
is doing is not merely talk.
The cotton program has already
shown important results in the
South. This year’s crop has been
reduced from an estimated 17,000,
000 bales to about 13,000,000.
This has kept the price of cotton
from collapsing, and in the mean
time the bohus money earned by
cotton growers cooperating tn tH
program has been distributed to
the extent of $110,000,000 actually
handed out by Uncle Sam. More
(Please turn to page two)
The Carolina Watchman |=i=i,
■-— .. . . ' ■ . ^
FOUNDED 1832—101ST YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 24, 1933. VOL 101 NO. 17. PRICE 2 GENTS
129,260 To Get Federal Jobs
Carolinas To
Benefit From
Expenditures
iHealth and Anti-Malaria Pro gran
- Will Give Employment to
Many.
WORK TO START SOON
Trained Engineers to Get $nrvej
Jobs; Cemeteries to Be Gone
Over.
Immediate employment of 129,
260 men on hundreds of federa
projects thrtfighout the country
was ordered by Harry L. Hopkins
civil works administrator.
Included is a group of 15,00(
engineers who will be assigned t<
the coast and geodetic survey oi
the commerce department. Twelv<
thousand, five hundred clerks tc
do clerical and research work foi
the United States re-employmeni
service also are included.
These two groups constitute thi
largest number of skilled worker'
yet affected by the civil work:
plan, which became effective :
week ago.
Others to be employed include
Indian affairs projects on 113 reser
vations in 23 states, 4,000; southerr
tick eradication campaign, 12,000:
district or Columbia park develop
ment, 700; rural sanitation and
malaria control under the public
service, 600,766; work on army
post tents and stations and at na
tional cemeteries, 25,000.
These are the first of the hall
million men Hopkins has announc
ed he will employ on federal pro
jects. Last week he jallottec
1,500,000 jobs to the states anc
territories, the men to be taker
from work relief and destitutioi
relief rolls.
Malaria control work, to cos
$4,500,000, Hopkins said would pu
29,779 men to work at 12,000 sta
tions in Alabama, Arkansas, Flor
ida, Georgia, Louisiana, Missouri
Mississippi, North Carolina, Ten
nessee, Texas and Virginia. Stati
public health departments will as
sist, but all workers, includng en
gineers and district supervisors, wil
be drawn from the ranks of th
unemployed.
MOVES GUN, KILLS HIS
BABY, ASLEEP ON LAP
St. Louis—Removing a revolve:
from his clothing to make hi
sleeping 3-year-old s'On more com
fortable, Ralph Armstrong, barten
der, accidentally shot and killed th
child here.
The boy was sleeping in his fa
ther’s - lap, beside his mother, in ;
dimly lighted dance hall. The fa
ther said he removed the weapoi
from the waist band of his trouser
because it made the child uncom
fortable. In pulling it out, th
weapon was discharged, killing th
boy and wounding Armstrong ii
the thigh.
CHARLOTTE MAN
NAMED MARSHAL
Charlotte—Charles R. Price
house detective for Hotel Char
lotte, has been nominated t>y Unitec
States Senator Robert R. Reynold
for the post of United States mar'
shal for Western North Carolna
Tn nominating Price, Senato;
Reynolds announced that he hac
withdrawn his nomination of Me
Kee Cooper, of Asheville, at hi
own request. Cooper asked thai
his name be withdrawn to preservi
"harmony in our ranks and promoti
the welfare of the Democratc
party.” A fight had been stagec
against Cooper’s appointment on thi
grounds that two offices as import
ant as those of district attorney
and marshal should not be fillet
from a single city. Marcus Irwin
of Asheville, is slated for distric
attorney.
NEWS
BRIEFS
IS KILLED FOR QUARTER
An argument over "two bits,”
or price of a theater ticket, cost J.
R. Jones his life at Roanoke
Rapids. Will Gurganus ftabbad
Jones when the latter refused to
lend Gurganus the quarter.
' $600,000 FIRE IN JACKSON
Forest fires in Jackson county
are estimated to have rayaged 16,
000 acres of timberland last week
at a loss of $600,000. Fires were
I reported in other western counties.
| ROOSEVELT IN SOUTH
President Roosevelt has arrived
1 in Warm Springs Ga., to spend a
two weeks vacation in his resort
jiiome there.
\ McLAMB ESCAPES CHAIR
j Luther McLamb, convicted axe
slayep of George R. Hudson, was
saved from execution in the electric
chair when the governor commut
jed his sentence to life imprison
;tnent. McLamb was sentenced
from Johnston county.
2 DIE IN FIRE AT DANVILLE
Mrs. Emma Crane, 47, and her
daughter, Annie May, 23, were fa
tally burned at their home, clean
ing gasoline igniting and throwing
flames over both. The flames
ruined the home.
TOLL OF AUTO TRAGEDIES
John H. Allen, Johnston county
farmer, was killed by a hit and run
driver Saturday night on highway
22 near Four Oaks. The dead body
was found on the highway. Three
died Sunday from automobile ac
cidents. Robert Stone, 17, Leaks
ville, died in the overturning of his
automobile near Stoneville after it
’ had sideswiped another machine
' At Lincolnton, Homer Boyd, 19
was fatally hurt in the overturning
of his machine after he had swerv
ed it to escape hitting another
John E. Surratt, 48, High Point,
died Sunday morning of injuries
taken the night before when a ma
j chine he was driving left the road
, way and ran into a bank.
SAYRE IN STATE POST
Francis B. Sayre, son-in-law of
Woodrow Wilson, has been named
. an assistant secretary of state. He
, has ben teaching at 'Harvard uni
, versity.
j WELLS BACK TO CUBA
Sumner Wells has been sent back
to Cuba by the president to con
j tinue his efforts to stabilize condi
tions in that country, without re
{ course to American intervention.
! DRY MAJORITY 173,294
The official canvass of the No
: vember 7 vote has been made at
: Raleigh by the state board of elec
1 tions. It showed repeal opponents
hcildingl a 173,294 majority
against the convention and a net
majority of 184,572 for dry dele
gates. The dry carried 87 coun
i ties. _
TWO HOMICIDES REPORTED
’ Zack Cook is held in jail at Mor
' ganton for murder after admitting
he slew Tom Helms with a shot in
’ 'the abdomen when the two met
west of Valdese. He claims Helms
' was breaking up his home. Luke
. Bean, 18, was killed instantly at
Granite Falls with a knife slash
across the throat inflicted by
1 George Lloyd, 15. Lloyd admitted
the deed but said Bean was threat
ening him with a knife.
: $185,000 STATESVILLE BLAZE
! An underwear plant and 900
: bales of cotton were destroyed in
■ a Sunday fire at Statesville entail
' ing a loss of $185,000. The loss
I throws nearly 300 persons out of
, work. The blaze started from
: some unknown source in the cotton
warehouse.
Ready for Thanksgiving Day
in-A--—
In Massachusetts, home of Thanksgiving Day, Miss Ruth Fisher of
Laseele College, near Sudbury, selects a 35 pound bird which manifested
much interest in the grindstone operation of sharpening an ax.
Racing Issue
Is Defeated
By the narrow margin of 12 5 J
rotes Rowan county decided against
the bill introduced by Walter F.
McCanless to legalize horse racing
and the operation of pari-mutuel
bettingmachines.
Five rural precincts, Franklin,
Sumner Bostian Cross Roads, Barn
hardt’s Mill, and Scotch Irish fav
ored the bill, but the vote in these
precincts was unusually light.
The city of Salisbury was great
ly in favor of the bill, voting
1,628 to 810 in favor of horse
racing.
W. F. McCanless, who introduc
ed the bill and paid the expenses
of the election, accepted defeat in
good sportsmanship and declared
that he did not want to bring any
sport to the county if the majority
of the population did not approve
of it
KIDNAPERS CONFESS
MURDER
Thomas Thurmond and Jack
Holmes have admitted to San Jose,!
Calif., police that they killed Brooke^
Hart, 22, son of a wealthy merch-j
ant within a few hours after he hadj
been kidnaped and then demanded!
$40,000 from the father for the
return of his son "alive.”
COLLEGE MERGER
GIVEN APPROVAL
Merger of Davenport and Greens
boro colleges ine6 Greensboro-Dav
enport college, to be located at
Greensboro, has been approved by
the Western North Carolina con
ference of the Methodist Episcopal
church, South, at Charlotte.
The report of the educational
committee recommending the mer
ger was adopted. It suggested
that a new board of trustees con
sider the advisability of using the
Davenport property, in Lenoir, as
» girls’ academy to prepare studnts
to enter GreensboroDavenport.
Ickes Approves
Park Highway
The proposed scenic, mountain
ridge parkway between Shenandoah
and Great Smoky Mountain nation
al park has won the approval of
Secretary Ickes, the public works
admnistrator.
Ickes says an immediate survey
has been ordered but that the pub
lic works board has not acted on
the proposal.
However, Senator Byrd and oth
ers were emphatic that Ickes assur
ed them "whatever it takes” of pub
lic works funds would be supplied
for the project. Ickes has had the
matter up with President Roose
velt and his approval was consider
ed in informed quarters to be tanta
mount to approval by the board h«
Kharis.
Prior to Byrd’s announcement,
a conference was held in Secretary
lekes’ office at which Governors
Pollard, of Virginia and McAlister,
of Tennessee, and Senators Bailey
and Reynolds, of North Carolina,
on behalf of Governor Ehringhaus,
pledged the three states to furnish
the necessary rights of ways and
surveys.
Also attending the conference
were Representatives Doughton
and Weaver of North Carolina.
At a later conference in Senatot
Bailey’s office. North Carolinians
interested in the proposed park-to
park scenic highway named a com
mittee to represent their state in
negotiations with the federal gov
ernment and Virginia and Tenne
ssee authorities on the route the
road shall follow and matters per
taining to its construction.
Do You Know The Answer?
Answers on Page Four
1. Name the U. S. vessel that
sank the Confederate cruiser Ala
bama.
' 2. What unit of measurement
contains 5,880 billion miles?
3. What does the word velocity
mean?
4. Where is Lake Biakal?
5. Near what city was the Bat
tie of Bunker Hill fought?
6. What measurement is a
kn(W?
7. Who was John Keats?
8. Who wrote "Adam Bede?”
9. In which city is the Plact
Vendome?
10. What is the equator?
GOOD
MORNING
DOWN PAYMENT
A Chinese in New York enter
ed the office of a lawyer and ask
ed the fee required to get him off
a charge of murder.
"Five thousand dollars,’ he was
told.
Counting out the money carefully,
the Chinese said:
"Velle good. Now I go kille
man.”
"The doctor said my wife needs
the sea air.”
"So you’ve sent her to the sea
shore, eh?”
"No, I’ve tied a herring to the
electric fan ”—Berliner Illustrier
te, Barlin.
I "But”, protested the new arrival,
as St. Peter handed him a golden
trumphet, "I can’t play this instru
ment; I never practiced while on
earth."
"Of course you didn’t”, chuckled
the saint. "That’s why you are
here.”
LOOSE SHUTTER, MAYBE
Elderly Aunt (to her nephew, a
poor preacher) : "James, why did
you enter the ministry?”
"Because I was called”, he ans
wered.
"James”, said the old lady anx
iously, as she looked up from wip
ing her spectacles,. "are you sure it
wasn’t some other noise you heard?’
Suzanne—"That butter and egg
man from Texas offered me his
hand and fortune when he took
me out riding last night, but I re
fused him.
Elizabeth—"Oh, why?”
Suzanne—"One was too large
and the other was too small.
Wife—"I can’t decide whether
to go to a palmist or.to a mind
reader.”
Husband-—"Go to a palmist.
It’s obvious that you have a palm.”
Joe—"What were you doing at
the jail today, John?”
John—"I wanted to see the man
who broke in my house last night.”
Joe—"Why did you want to see
that burglar?”
John—"I wanted to ask him
how he got in the house without
waking my wife.”
"I have decided,” ' remarked
Senator Sorghum, "to train my
memory.”
"What system will you use?”
"I don’t know. I’m looking for
one that wilt enable me when I
am interviewed to remember what
to forget.”
OVERHEAD ON NOAH’S ARK
Noah: "And why so sad dear?”
Mrs. Noah: "Who wouldn’t be
gftim, traveling with this beastly
crowd?”
SURE WAS ANGRY
Local lady suing for divorce tells
court her husband spanked her,
pulled her ears and hair, slammed
the door on her arm, and locked
her in the closet. She says that
she doesn’t know why he did those
things.
We do.' He was mad at her.
ALL SQUARE
A Scottish farmer sold some eggs
to the local laird. He discovered
that he had included one egg too
many in the consignment, and
went at once to thelaird, who said?
laughingly that it wasn’t really
worth all this fuss.
"You may be right”, said the
laird, "but, anyway, have a drink
and call it square. What will you
take?”
"Egg and milk”, snapped the
farmer.
Motor Lines
Protest Rate
Reductions
Bus Lines Considering 1 1-3 Cents
A Mile As Minimum Rate to
Meet R. R. Competition.
FILE PROTEST WITH F. D. R.
Some Railroads Announced Rate
of I Zzc Per Mile; Bus Lines
plan to Cut to 1 1-3c.
A fierce fight between motor bus
lines and railroads for passenger
business in the southeast was indi
cated as bus lines announced plans
to put in effect a minimum rate of
l 1-3 cents a mile, to meet the
I 1-2 cent rate recently announced
by some railroads.
Representatives of bus compan
ies at a conference said they also
would file with President Roose
velt a protest at the "destructive
move ’ of the railroads.'
C. B. De Berry of Charleston,
W. Va., chairman of the South
eastern Bus Traffic association,
said, "The railroads are trying to
cut our throats.”
De Berry and C. G. Schultz of
Jacksonville Fla-, operator of sev
eral bus lines, said after the con
ference, "It’s ■ wrfiir- for a trans
portation agency which is really
subsidized by the government to
force down our revenues, when the
railroads were exempted from the
NRA code, and shortly after bus
lines signed the code.”
Both emphasized that there was
no intention of "buckng the terms
of the code.”
'Vc want to be good boys and
go along with the code, but we
can’t stand a 30 per cent increase
in costs by reason of a code accept
ed at the behest of the government,
and stand on top of that a 30 per
cent loss in revenue forced on us by
an agency which is really subsidiz
ed by the government through loans
to the railroads,” said Schultz.
MURDERS GAIN
SUICIDES DROP
Deaths in North Carolina from
homicides and automobile acci
dents showed startling increases
last month over totals in October
1932 but suicides this October wese
only* half as numerous as in the
month a year ago.
The North Carolina Bureau, of
Vital Statistics reported 74 deaths
in automobile accidents in October,
compared with 31 in the same
month a year ago; 38 homicides as
compared with 31; hut only 13
suicides as agasnst 23 in October
1932.
There were 166 violent deaths
reported last month, railroad acci
dents claiming a toll of 11, air
accidents killing one person, fixes
killing 16, accidental gunshot
wounds claiming eight and drown
ing taking a toll of five.
During October 2,399 deaths
were reported in the state, a rate
of 8.9 while births nearly trebled
deaths with a total of 6,232 and a
rate of 23.1.
Cancer claimed more lives than
any other disease, 143 persons dy
ing from this cause in October.
Pulmonary tuberculosis claimed
136 lives, pneumonia 100, diphthe
ria 79.
I The diphtheria death toll wis 17
greater than that of October 1932
and the prevalence of the disease
over the state is running far ahead
of lost year at this time. Health
board officials have issued several
warnings that- care should be taken
to prevent further spread.
    

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