North Carolina Newspapers

Maybe A Balanced
Bankers and States
Pointing at Agricul
Washington—The political fore
casters are busy guessing what
President Roosevelt will say in his
first annual message to Congress,
when that body convenes o e
Wednesday following New \ C
day. There are some things at ^
which it is not necessary to gu '/
very much.
The President will report that the
business of the Nation is much
better than it was when he took
office. That is now generally un
derstood to be true, in every im
portant line. A hopeful business
sentiment is reflected in the letters
which come to Washington every
day, and in the first-hand reports
from men in the field. That was
not true a few months ago. The
id will tell the
Congress, that his program has
changed the national psychology
from despair to hope.
Certainly, more men are back at
work. Entirely outside of the sev
eral millions who are employed in
projects of the Public Works Ad
ministration and the Civil Works
Administration, other millions are
back at jobs in private industry and
business. Instead of being a harder
winter than last, as looked possible
even a few weeks ago, it now looks
as if there might be less strain on
charity for the support of the un
The President will report that
business and industry are organiz
ing themselves, under the National
Recovery Act; that they are pret
ty well organized now, and are be-'
ginning to see the benefits of or
ganization and to like it. And
that will be truer than seemed pos
sible in September.
There will be a Government
financial statement * which will
amaze many. The budget, which
Lew Douglas will submit to the
President and the President to
Congress, will be balanced, or prac
tically so. Understand, the budget
relates only to the current annual
expenses and income of the Gov
ernment. It has nothing to do
with the borrowings of the Gov
ernment, except that it must pro
vide, means of paying interest on
loans. Including that, the item of
interest on the huge sums which
have been borrowed to pay for
Public Works, to lend through R.
p. C. to industry and financial in
stitutions, to finance unemploy
ment relief in various ways, and so
on, the Administration expects to
be able to show' Congress that if it
does not make wasteful expendi
tures out of current funds it can
reduce taxes, instead of increasing
them, and still pay all of Uncle
Sam’s current, bills.
:The big controversy on financial
matters is likely to be over the in
crease in the National Debt. It
ought to be remembered that under
Secretary Mellon , which means
through the administrations of
Pfarding, Coolidge and Hoover, the
United States paid off seven thous
and millions of its public debt.
The total borrowings under the
present Administration have not
reached that amount yet; so it is a
fair statement that we are not as
deeply in the hole as we were in
1920. Offsetting that, of course,
is the failure of European nations
to keep up their payments on the
war debts, wliich were counted
upon to take up a good deal of the
National debt. But the theory of
this Administration seems to be
that a nation’s debts are not meant
to be paid, but merely to pay in
terest upon.
Bankers look on debts as some
thing" to be paid, and Mr. Mellon
was a banker. Statesmen look on
debts as something not to be paid;
and in that respect this Administra
tion is decidedly statesmanlike. If
the emergency can be met with
borrowed money, and the ordinary
affairs of Government kept down
to an economical basis, the tax
payers can stand a pretty stiff im
pose for interest on the debt.
The Federal Government can
borrow at, say, 3 percent a year
interest. That would mean that
if a billion a year can be lopped off
the budget, which Mr. Douglas be
lieves he has found the way to do,
that billion can be applied as inter
(Please turn to back page)
The Carolina Watchman f=?i
■abor, Capital
\To Put Issues j
% Up to Solons
\ -
Obstructionists Will Remain Quiet,
But Labor Is Gong to Urge
i Results of The Blue Eagle Canvass
Will Be Made Public.
Organized labor and organized
capital both will descend upon
Washington in the first three weeks
of the congressional session to de
cide what changes they want in
the national industrial recovery
act, it was learned.
The changes sought for the most
part, will be in opposite directions,
the administration, though official
ly silent, is not expected to ask any
important alterations. Congres
sional oppositionists, seeking to
•1.1 r <
“vuiu uu. appcdJ ante Ul UU5L1 uULlllg
recovery are in the main willing to
keep hands off. But the American
Federation of Labor and the United
States Chamber of Commerce may
have different ideas.
William Green, president of the
A. F. of L. has issued a call for his
organization’s executive council to
meet in Washington January 24 to
"consider recommendations on leg
islative amendments” to the recov
ery act and "improvements which
time and experience have shown to
be necessary—” presumably pri
marily strengthening of labor pro
tection, and perhaps a mandatory
30 hour week.
The board of directors of the
United States C. of C. will meet
January 10 and 20 to consider the
results of a questionaire circulated
among member associations and
chambers, designed to collect data
on how the recovery act and other
general recovery program is work
ing. Specific figures are sought in
the questionnaire, answers to which
are beginning to flood the, cham
ber headquarters.
Since the NRA decided not to
make public the results of its cen
sus of Blue Eagle operation last fall,
this will be the first national survey
of how the whole program is re
acting—in the judgment of cham
bers of commerce. It will be a
one-sided viewpoint but with no
more complete data available, it
may be impressive to congressmen
facing re-election next fall.
The A. F. of L. will have no such
compilation of data to support its
demands but it will have the ef
fect of a well-knit body of voters.
Another sharp difference in
opinion toward NRA, with 411 en
tirely distinct line of cleavage of
viewpoint, is growing more evident
as congressmen return to Washing
ton—the vastly different view
point of the "big fellow” and the
"little fellow” in business.
Various plans for modifying the
method by applying the recovery
act, if not the act itself, are being
considered. The U. S. C. of C. is
not likely to be sympathetic to
them. The A. F. of L. probably
will be indifferent to this aspect.
The divergent viewponts of the
groups concerned probably will
more or less counterbalance each
other’s effect and aid the adminis
tration goal of keeping the NRA
about as it is but there will be
plenty of talk of changes.
New York—Northwestern Tele
graph company,. $1,300,00 4Vz per
cent first mortgage bonds, due
January 1, 1934, will be extended
for 10 years at same rate of inter
est. Bonds of holders who do not
desire to avail themselves of exten
sion offer will be purchased at par
by Western Union. Telegraph com
Astor Engagement
The parents of Miss Eileen S. S.
Gillespie, (above), New York, an
nounce her engagement to John
Jacob Astor, (below), youngest son
of the late Col. John Jacob Astor,
who went down with the Titanic.
The marriage will unite two old
families which figured in early
American history.
Woodrow Horn, 21, of White
ville, was in a serious condition at
1 Lumberton hospital as the result
af accidental gunshot, wounds suf
fered on a Christmas Day hunting
trip. The youth’s right ear and
part of his head was torn off' by
the discharge.
L. G. Jones, a High Point po
liceman, was arrested on a highway
near there and charged with vio
lating the state prohibition law and
carrying concealed weapons. Dep
uties investigating a wreck in which
Jones’ car figured, said they found
one and one-half gallons of whis
key in the car, and also two shot
guns and two pistols. Jones said
he was on a hunting trip.
Tom Mayse, a textile worker of
Cooleemee, about 30 years of age,
was instantly killed when struck
by a hit and run driver near the
Cooleemee cemetery Tuesday night.
Frank Ratledge, of Mocksville was
arrested and accused of driving the
car that struck Mayse, and was re
leased under $5 00 bond.
Robert M. Gore, denied he would
resign as governor of Puerto Rico.
'I have no intention of resigning,”
jore said. "Naturally my appoint
ment is at the disposition of the
President and whenever he wishes
1 will retire.”
The coastal cruise planned on the
cutter Pamlico by three United
States senators and a former sena
tor to inspect Lake Mattamuskett
for proposed establishment of a
goose shooting reserve there has
been cancelled because of th pres
sure of government business in
Washington, Lieut. D. F. DeOtte,
commander of the vessel, was no
Senator Bob Reynolds has return
ed to Washington from Asheville,
where he spent Christmas with his
mother. Hie was out only after
his return, despite freezing weather,
looking for jobs for constiuents.
He said that he expected to wind
up his job hunting campaign this
105 Killed In
North Carolina
In November
North Carolina’s record of 105
highway fatalities last month
should and is arousing private citi
zens and state, county and muni
cipal officials, according to Cole
naan W. Roberts, president of the
Carolina Motor club.
"Unfortunately, however, we
cannot get the public or members
, of the General Assembly aroused
when tile legislature is in session to
the point of enacting a state driv
ers’ license law, without which we
cannot expect to make much pro
gress towards reducing our high
way fatailities,” Mr. Roberts said.
Personally I do not believe there
is any such thing as an unavoid
able highway accident. Someone
j is always at fault. It may be the
j driver, the pedestrian, or in some
instances the mechanical condition
of the vehicle itself. Another i
great difficulty is the lack of severe
punishment for those who are re
sponsible for these accidents which
i are not unavoidable.”
The Carolina Motor club special
state committee on drivers’ license,
headed by Senator John W. Aiken,
of Hickory, is schedtrhftrro meerat
Charlotte January 13 for the pur
pose of laying a foundation to pave
the way to enactment of aja ade
quate state drivers’ license law when
the General Assembly convenes in
January 1935. Other members of
this committee are: Julian Miller,
Charlotte; Richard Tufts, Pine
hurst; Senator W. K. Boggan,
Wadesboro and Harry Tucker, Ral
This group is a sub-committee
j of the Carolina Motor club state
Committe on Highway Safety of
! which Senator Allen H. Gwyn, of
| Reidsville is chairman. Chairman
jGwyn’s committee is now devel- <
joping units in every county in the j
state as part of a program that
will put forth the greatest efforts
that any state has ever undertaken
in safety work in seeking to reduce :
highway accidents during the com- i
ing year.
100 Quit Train
Held By Storm
Missoula, Mont.—More than
hundred passengers who wer
aboard the marooned Olympiai
crack passenger train of the Mil
waukee Railroad, celebrated Christ
mas Day in comfortable sleepers ei
route eastward. .
They were rescued from a trail
that was forced by washouts am
unsafe track to stop in a canyoi
about 10 miles west of St. Regis
The passengers walked to ;
point where they couid be taker
aboard a "trouble shooter,” gasolim
driven car. Part of too trip tr
Missoula was made in a flat car
part in a bus.
Travel over the Milwaukee roac
was at a standstill. Power line!
tarrying electricity used for powei
an this division of the Milwaukee
road were broken and damaged in
many places by land and roci<
Word rached here that National
Guard planes were being sent from
Spokane, Wash., to fly over the
flooded area with supplies for ma
rooned persons.
Admits Killing
School Boy
Columbia, S. C.—Officers said
i 49--year-old automobile mechanic
iad confessed he lured Herbert H.
[Harris, Jr., Columbia school boy, tc
i deserted house and beat him tc
death with an iron bar.
The 15-year-old lad, described by
ais schoolmates as "always smil
ng,” was enticed from his home
ivith a promise of a job as he with
lis parents and a sister was prepar
ng to celebrate the Christmas holi
His body, the head shattered by
leavy blows, was found Christmas
day—in the abandoned house in the
desolate Congaree swamp section
line miles from the city.
The Jersey Cattle Club of Pear
on County has purchased a pure
ired bull calf from the1 Randleigh
'arms, of Lockport, New York.
Do You Know The Answer?
Continued on page four
1. On what body of water is
the seaport of Colon, Panama?
2. How was the length of a
mile, determined?
3. In what state is the city of
4. Who used the pen name
"Uncle Remus?”
5. Has the U. S. Marine Corps
ever enlisted Negroes?
6. What is the name for a row
of columns supporting an entabla
7. Who were the Milesians?
8. Through what mountain
does the Mont Cenis Tunnel run?
9. When was Oklahoma admit
ted to the Union as a State?
10. What is the Spanish title
of the waltz "Over the Waves?”
.. --v... ■ — . , .
Heralding The New Year
I jin ■'In
Pacific Princess
Miss Jane Hincks, Pasadena
society debutante, was the California
beauty selected to be Princess of tfie
Pacific in the Tournament of Rose*
at Pasadena on New Year Day.
"I don’t need any speedometer on
my car. I can easily tell the
speed,” said the one.
"How do you do that?” asked
the other.
"When I go 10 miles an hour,
my lamps rattle; when I go 1)
miles an hour, my mudguards rat
tle; and at 20 miles an hour my
bones rattle.”
"Harold says that all he wants is
a chance to express himself.’
"Fine! Where to?”
"What’s his present salary?”
"He says it’s never present long
enough to know!”
"When did you first become
acquainted with your husband?’’
"The first time I asked him for
money after we were married.”
She—"Will you have some tea?”
Her Lover—"I’d rather have
what comes after tea.”
She—"What comes after tea?”
Little Boy—"The grocer gave
me some chocolates.”
Mother—"I hope you were po
lite about it?”
Little Boy—"Yes, mamma.”
Mother—"What did you say?”
Little Boy—"I said I wished he
had met you before pa got acquaint-;
ed with you.’’
The inhabitants of a frog pondj
close at hand awakened two little;
girls who were spending their first
night in the country. First, came
the high, piping voice of a little
"What’ that?” asked Winnie.
'I think it’s a bird,” Su^san ven
tured to reply.
Just than a basso-prof undo frog
sang one of his lowest tones.
"What’s that?” Winnie asked in
a startled whisper.
"I’m not quite sure,” replied
Susan, "but I think it is either a
cow or an automobile.”
Mary had a little lamb.
• Given by a friend to keep.
It followed her around until
It died from want and sleep.
Is Expected To
Be Made Soon
Appointment Will Probably Be
Made After House Passes Liquor
And General Tax Revision
Mr. Dough ton Is Now Serving His
22nd Year As Representative
From The Ninth N. C.
Representative Robert L. Dough
ton of North Carolina, chairman of
the house ways and weans com
mittee, is slated to be appointed to
the federal tariff commission with
in a few weeks.
Democratic friends of the North
Carolina Democrat say the appoint
ment will be made by President
Roosevelt probably after the ad
ministration’s liquor and general
tax revision measures are passed by
the house.
Both of' these measures are being
handled by Doughton’s ways and
means committee, the group charg
ed with formulating all revenue
and tarff measures for congression
a l r*tiAn
Doughton is serving his twenty
second year as representative from
the ninth North Carolina district.
He has been a member of the ways
and means committee for many
years and has made a study of
Indications are that Dcnjghtom
will be appointed to tlje^'vacancy
created by the d^tli of the late
Representative 'James W. Collier,
Mississippi Democrat.
The appointment of Doughton
woiuld have considerable signifi
cance in view of a reported admin
stration plan to submit to Congress
legislation proposing authority for
the President to negotiate recipro
cal trade agreements with foreign
nations without having to submit
each separately to the senate for
Kidnaper Kept
In ‘Solitary'
Leavenworth, Kans.—"I’ll be
out of here by Christmas.”
George "Machine Gun” Kelly,
who recently has been given the
added sobriquet of "blabber
mouth,” sat in a bleak solitary cell
in federal prison here and perhaps
recalled his loudly proclaimed boast
made when brought here several
months ago to begin serving a life
sentence for the $200,000 ransom
kidnapping of Charles F. Urschei,
millionaire Oklahoma City oil man.
Although Kelly did not say
which Christmas he had in mind,
prison officials took it for granted
he meant this Christmas and ac
cepted his challenge. He was ush
ered into a solitary cell, where he
has remained since.
The average motorist has never
even heard of the CFR (Coopera
tive Fuel Research) engine. Yet
it is one of the most important
engines in the automotive world.
It is a special engine used to obtain
gasoline knock ratings. All gaso
line is tested on a CFR engine to
day to determine its anti-knclck
qualities. Several of these engines
which the public rarely, if ever
sees, are in constant use at Stand
ard Oil Company of New Jersey
Teacher—“Use statue in a sen
Abie—"Ven I came in last night
NyV *30#, .Abie?’ ”

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