North Carolina Newspapers

    WASHINGTON
Set-up of Congress
The Roosevelt Success
It’s Up to President
Washington—The first regular
session of the 73 rd Congress of the
United States will make history, for
several reasons. First, this is the
first session under the 20th am
endment to the Conv.it.*..' >n of the
United States, which shifted the
date for the sitting of Congress
from the first Monday in Decem
ber to the early days of January.
Second, this will be the only regu
lar session of this Congress, which
was called in extra session by Presi
dent Roosevelt immediately after
his inauguration last Spiing. Ne -C
November there will be a no the
election of Representatives, bm
there will be no "lame duck” ses
sion of the present Congress. Their
successors will take their sears in
January 193 5 ; so anything which
the present Congress wants to get
done will have to be done at this
session.
Third, and most important of
the items which seem likely to make
this session of Congress memor
able, it will have to decide whether
the United States of America is
going to "swing to the left” and go
in for Socialism in its more radical
form, or whether the middle-of
the-road policy, neither radical nor
ultra-conservative, is going to be
the guiding principle for further
progress tuwaru iecuvciv.
What Congress will decide is
anybody’s guess as yet, but some
of the considerations which wall
contribute toward the decision are
obvious.
This is a Democratic Congress.
That party has 316 members, as
against only 114 Republicans and
five Farmer-Labor. That, on the
face of it, if recent political history
counted for anything, would mean
a decidedly Conservative attitude:
for the Democratic party has been
'''■almost as conservative as the Re
publican since 1920. Indeed
many of - the most radical members
of both ho^Vs in vtie past few years
have worl^tne Republican label.
The only party represented which
is avow'edly radical is the Farmer
Labor.
But political labels count for
little or nothing, in these days.
There is still a strong conservative
in T'ipmncratiC Dartv,
but it is nowhere nearly 'as domin
ant as it was four years ago. And
in Congress there is no strong
leadership that can hold the various
elements of the party together if
its members show signs of splitting
up into minor groups. The only
leadership is in the White House
or outside of public life entirely.
Beyond doubt there will be vigor
ous efforts made to form a conser
vative Democratic bloc, to stand as
a bulwark against the assaults of
the radical element. How far that
effort will succeed will depend up
on how far the President goes in
proposing or assenting to a pro
gram more radical than that which
he asked for, and got, last Spring.
Just where the President will
stand, as between the eager young
revolutionists in his Administra
tion, who would turn the nation
over to Socialism willy-nilly, and
the conservative element, which
thinks his program as developed so
Jar contains elements of danger and
“VVMJ —-J ~~ ~ -
of opinion. Mr. Roosevelt’s suc
cess as a practical politician is
largely due to the fact that he1
does not tip his hand in advance.
There is no doubt that the majority
of the Democratic majority will
follow him wherever he leads, but
there is a good deal of doubt as to
whether most of them would fol
low him any farther to the Left.
Every member is keenly consci
ous that his term of office expires
at the end of this calendar year,
and that the only way he can get
back into Congress is by the vote
of the constiuency that elected him
last year. And most of them
don’t know, yet, how their consti
uents like the New Deal as far as it
got. They are going to view
every new proposal with one eye
on the voters of their home dis
tricts. This is one session when
Congress will have its collective ear
close to the grassroots, to catch the
first mutterings of approval or dis
approval.
Last Spring, in the extra session,
there was no such misgivngs. They
had been elected in the greatest
Please turn to page three
The Carolina■ 'isss*
_ _- - ■_• K " ■ ' _ ! ■■■■
FOUNDED 1832—101ST YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY S, 1934. VOL 101 7 ~ NTS
U. S. To Build
. A Station For
% Cotton Study
■ O -
C n Experiment Station For
cf Torth Carolina To Cost
0 $45,000.
¥ % > IMPROVE OTFIERS
\ -
$7,500 ill Be Spent On States
ville Laboratory, $9,800 At
Willard.
Announcement has been made
by the public works administra
tion of federal allotments in the
amount of $2,944 000 for the
rnncfrnrrinn civ rvnKlir*
ings. North Carolina is to Re
ceive $45^000 for the construc
tion of a cotton experiment sta
tion in the Piedmont region in ad
dition to $7,5 00 which will be
; spent for the improvement of the
1 Statesville laboratory. $9,800 will
jbe spent at Willard for repairs and
! roads.
The six allotments distributed
! throughout the South will provide
I more than 10,000 man-months of
I employment.
The geological survey was
i granted $299,000 for mineral re
I source surveys and land classifica
tion in 18 states and Alaska. More
than 100 engineering and techni
cal men will be given employ
ment.
-The -states to be included in the
survey and the amount to be spent
in each state are as follows: North
Carolina, $8,000; Florida, $11,000;
Georgia, $9,000; Kentucky, $24,-j
500; Maryland, $5,000; South
V^dlUUIld, .?/ auu JL CHIiCjjCV) |
$9,000. i
Interest On Deposits
Placed At 3 Per Cent
The Federal Deposit Insurance
corporation ruled that semi-annual
compound interest on any depositsj
of a member bank must not ex-*
cced 3 per cent.
The order applies to all deposits,!
whether insured or not, on which
interest accrues after January 2,
the effective date for the new in
surance system, with exception
made for deposits contracted be
fore that date.
For each breach of this order
the corporation may impose $100
penalty, the penalty applying to
each individual deposit.
—
Projects To Put
129,260 To Work
Raleigh—A number of re-em
ployment measures estimated to
put 129,260 additional men to
work on federal projects during
the winter or until February 15
at least have been authorized by
the federal administration.
One of these grants covers an
allotment of $3,568,275 for the
employment of 15,030 men to
work on a geodetic survey.in the
state. These men will work un
der the offices of the United
States Geodetic Survey and will be
supervised in each district by over
seers from this department
$1,000,000 PROJECT IN
PENDER
From 3 00 to 400 families will
be given homes on 4,500 acres in
Pender county as a subsistence!
homestead community, under a
$1,000,000 experiment financed by
the federal interior department.
Hugh McRae, Wilmington, will be
president of the corporation ad
ministering the affairs of the
colony. The project will demon
strate diversified subsistence form
ing as contrasted with single-crop
and cash farming.
CONGRESS IS IN SESSION-— -'r—By Albert T. Reid
■ _ I
' AMTOC j £§g
State Pays Huge Sum
On Principal, Interest
Treasurer Says Budget Is Balanced,'
And Interest Is Lower.
Raleigh—Tlie state of North
Carolina, in addition to meeting all 1
of its regular obligations, will payC
in full the $6,103,842.50, of whichj
53,008,000 is for maturing bonds
and $3,095,842.50 is interest on
bonds, State Treasurer Charles M.
Johnson points out in a statement
of gratification over finances. ,
"The financial condition of the
state of North Carolina is a source
of gratification to me at this time
"Treasurer Johnson states. "We
now unquestionably have a balanc
ed budget and state bonds are sell
ing on the market higher than they j
have been at any time since the de
pression covered the country. 1
"A year ago we were paying 6 '
percent interest on our temporary
borrowings and this has been cut 1
to 4 54 percent, thereby effecting
great savings to the state. This
year, for the first time in many 1
years, we have not borrowed any 1
money during the fiscal year. We 1
paid all state employees, including ‘
the school teachers, before Christ- ‘
mas and have met all our debt ob
ligations promptly.
"From the viewpoint of the
treasury, the state is in fine con
dition. I am reducing the state |
debt $3,008,000 for the first of
January, and in addition paying 1
$3,095,842.50 in interest, making!4
the total $6,103,842.50, as well as 1
all the other obligations referred *
to, and as already stated, without 4
borrowing any money.” s
._t
ARREST 3 AS KILLERS i
Three men have been arrested 5
as members a gang of four which
last week shot down and killed t
Howard Jernigan at his filling sta- f
tion near Clinton. The three 5
negroes are held in state’s prison j
at Raleigh. Preston Howard was i
taken at Chesterfield, S. C., and j
John Hart and Tom Johnson, at s
Hastings, Fla. - ^
NEWS BRIEFS
APPROVES POOD STORE
ZODE
President Roosevelt lias approved
he ccxle to govern the fas^ retail
cod and grocery trade, embrac
ng 480,000 stores. It was the
82nd code of fair competition to
ie signed by the president.
VFW YORK IN NEW HANDS
The city administration of New
fork on Monday passed into the
lands of F. H. LaGu.ardia, inde- j
lendent and fiery foe of Tammany ,
Till, and with LaGuardia into :
lower stepped a full corps of in
lependent assistants.
IURNS FATAL TO TWO
Badly burned with gasoline while
dndling a fire at his Wayne j
:ounty home, Eugene Creel died ,
n a Goldsboro hospital. Four ;
niles east of Littleton, the same j
lay, Rev. Davidhon A. Fishel, 81,
lied of shock in his burning home. ^
HREE GUNSHOT VICTIMS
Janie Shearin, five, was instantly
.illed and Howard Shearin, three, j
atally wounded in the Shearin
lome near Warrenton. It is
hought the children at play knock- 1
d over the loaded shotgun. The 1
irevious day, Joe Ruth, 24. of near .
Charlotte, was killed by a shotgun
harge fired by his step-father. R.
1. Hudson. Hudson said two had ‘
hreatened him in the dark and he •'
ired not knowing who they were. *
EEK VICTIM’S IDENTITY 1
Thousands of people have viewed
he body of a middle aged man ■
ound in Buffalo branch near
mithfield. The badly decom- 1
iosed body, the head crushed in i
iy heavy blows and the feet strap- 1
ed together, is thought that of a i
tranger in the section, possibly a '
ictim of gangland violence. t
KILLED IN AUTO WRECKS
Woodrow Boggs, Greensboro, a
nembcr of a CCC camp near Sy
va, died from injuries taken in
:ollision of two trucks. Near
Waynesville, Will Shuler, 49, was
tilled in the sideswiping of two
:ars. Shuler was standing on a
tinning board.
197 HIRED FOR N. C. CENSUS
Work for 297 North Carolinians
s provided in the taking of a fed
■ral business census this year, seven
•egional administrators to draw
53 00 per month.
IU MAN I AN PREMIER SLAIN
Ion G. Duca, premier of Rum
;nia since November 12, was on
•'riday assassinated at Sinaia by a
roung student, Nicholas Con
tantinescu, who fired four bul
ets into Duca’s head at close range
s the premier was boarding a train
or Bucharest, the capital.
:IRE IN REIDSVILLE
Three stores were badly damaged
>y a Sunday fire in Reidsville,
ireensboro firemen aiding the lcca/
lepartment in a stiff fight against
he flames.
AR HEEL IS HONORED
Garland E. Ferguson, member
if the federal trade commission
ince 1927, when he was appointed
iy Coolidge, has been designated
iy the commission as its chairman
or 1934.
8 LYNCHINGS IN 1933
There were 28 lync’hings in the
Jnited States in 1933, as contrasted
nth but 10 in 1932. Alabama
ed with five, Georgia and Louis
tna had four, South Carolina aud
"ennessee three. One was report
d for* North Carolina.
GOOD
MORNING
Young man: Can I take you
out tonight?’
She: (haughtily) : I wouldn’t go
out with a baby.
Young man: I’m sorry, I didn’t
understand.
He—"I can’t seem to make any
progress with Jane.”
Shs-^ Git Jhot! Git good and
hot! Remember, faint hot never
won fair lady.”
"You’re fat”.
"In the best places they say that
one is stout”.
"Well, in the best places you’re
fat.”
Y. W. C. A. JOKE
"For goodness sake,” sighed the
young dame as she wearily trudges
home from an automobile ride.
Little Boy. The stork brings
ycru babies, doesn’t it, Mama?
Mama: Yes.
Little Boy: And Santa Claus
brings me toys?
Mama: Yes.
Little Boy: Then Papa doesn’t
help us does he mama?
He: And you will love me like
this forever. '
She: Yes, but Darling I must
breathe occasionally.
'He—"Our coach got some new
waterproof pants for the football
team.”
She—"Oh, the big babbies.”
"I hope you never go wrong,”
said Big Ben to Baby Ben.
Doctor: Let me feel your pulse.
Fanny: Oh, doctor, that is the
way they all start.
"Flow old are you my little
man?”
"Dammed if I know mister.
Mother was, twentyl-six when I
was born, but now she is onlv
twenty-four.
—
I think that is carrying things
a little too far.
What do 3'ou mean?
That efficiency expert’s wife
has just had triplets.
She: What happens to Mormons
when they leave the faith?
He: They come East and turn
icemen.
Teacher: "The lady fed milk
to the cat.” Johnny, what is the
Xdirect object?
Johnny: The kittens, dear
teacher.
Question: Oh where, Oh where
has my little dog gone?
Answer: Around the corner
and under the tree.
"What is the shortest bedtime
story in the world?” e
"No”
"Hey, ma, our dog has nine pup
pies.”
"Oh, my, littering up the place
again!”
(<T I T, ,■ r . , . I
jurtwyan uiuwn, ivm J ”IL u«ui
divorce I asked you about yester
day?”
"Yuh sho kin niggar, cause your
marriage was illigitimate.”
"What yuh mean, my marriage
was illigiment?”
"Boy, I has found that yuh
pappy-in-law had no license to car
ry a gun at de time ob de wedding.’
"You’re going to hell,” said the
religious conductor when he saw
the traveling salesman playing po
ker.
"That’s all right” they replied,
'we have round trip tickets.”
Demonstration
Gives Evidence
Of Support
An Enthusiastic Congress Gives
President Ample Vocal Evi
dence Of Its Approval.
NO SPECIFIC REQUESTS
Crowded Galleries In Both Houses
Mark Getaway of Congress
Enthusiastic, cheering Congress
gave President Roosevelt ample vo
cal evidence of its willingness to go
along with him in co-ordiating and
extending the "New Deal.”
Informed by the President in his
first personal appearance at the
Capitol that the nation has travel
ed a long way toward national re
covery, but that much remains yet
to be done, a joint session of the
Senate and House sent Mr. Roose
velt back to the executive man
sion with a demonstration that
must have warmed him.
He summed it all up near the
end of his address,which was deliv
ered in person to a crowded joint
session of' Senate and House, in
these words:
"We have ploughed the good fur
row and planted the good seed; tire
hard beginning is over. If we
would reap the full harvest, We
must cultivate the soil where this
good seed is sprouting and the plant
is reaching up to mature growth."
The President asked nothing
specifically from the Congress in
his annual message except that it
continue to co-operate with him
-1 __
ery, and the elimination of abuses
"by persons or groups of persons
who have been living off their
neighbors by the use of methods
either unethical or crimnal.”
The lines have been drawn, and
rightly so the President added, be
tween those who want to turn back
to the "old deal” and those who
want, to continue the "new deal/'
Mr. Roosevelt made it plain that
there is to be no turning back up
on the road on which the admin
istration has set its feet. Instead,
the policy and the watchword is
to be "Forward.”
Few presidents, certainly none
in recent years, ever received a
more enthusiastic ovation at _ the
hands of Congress than did Mr.
Roosevelt. While Republican en
thusiasm was not as fulsome as
the Democratic, but the minority
members joined at times generously
in the applause. Crowded galler
ies in both houses -marked the get
away of Congress.
SHE surrendered to hate for the .
sake of love . . . and the whole
town talked . . . Honor gets
strangely twisted and the mar
riage of Nancy Gordon goes on
the rocks ... even before the
ceremony . . . Here is an ex
citing story of a matrimonial
mixup of
The
DOLLAR
BRIDE
—A BEAUTIFUL GIRL WHO
WAS TRYING TO DO
RIGHT . . .
•«• _. _■
A NEW SERIAL STORY BY
MARY IMLAY TAYLOR
IT STARTS NEXT WEEK IN
Carolina Watchman
    

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