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0 / 75
Tugwell Slowed Down.
This Way Out.
Treasury Post and
~ " 4‘ *-—■
Washington — A good many
members of Congress, both Houses
who came back to Washington all
steamed up to say out loud what
they thought, about the New Deal,
have been disappointed to discover
that they can get no support from
their colleagues for any open attack
upon President Roosevelt and his
policies. Being politicians, they
don’t want to put themselves in an
unpopular position, so they are
keeping their feelings bolted up for
the time being. Before long some
of these safety-valves will begin
to pop, and many things will be
said on the floor of both Houses
which will make "hot” headlines;
but the fact will still remain as it
1C tinvr tlaat- T)
running the Government of these
more or less United States, and'
Congress is still- taking orders from
Summing up the news which re
turning Congressmen and Senators
fiave brought back from their
states and districts, it comes down
to this: There is a general sense of
kietter times. Recovery is definite
ly on the way almost everywhere.
There is a great deal of popular re
sentment, especially among business
men and industrialists, at what are
termed the dictorial methods of
xtrr l • i t
W rtMHMgtUU, UUl UlCIC A picuy
general agreement that the objec
tives of the Administration are for
the public welfare. What has
stirred upmost of the objectors is
not the purposes but the mothods.
Therefore, since these representa
tives of the people have got back to
Washington, the soft petal has been
applied to Government pronounce
ments. It is being made increas
ingly clear that there is no real in
part of the govern
over of retain con
st and industry, to
__ .plunge the country into Socialism.
There has been a good deal of com
pulsion, to compel business groups
to get together and agree to coop
erate, and there will be a good deal
more compulsion exercised before
all the groups which are concerned
with vital social services have been
whipped into line. But rather
-• rapidly the Government is taking
its hands off one trade association
after another, as its organization is
perfected, leaving it to the men in
the industry to maintain the coop
erative machinery. Government
will keep an eye out to see that the
old system of unfair competition
1 --- _ kilt Tltl tki r»
\IUV1 nuv vv/iwv. - ,
the limits of fair play, competition
will not be hampered, but encour
The President has made it clear
to those close to him that he is not
trying to destroy the Capitalistic
system but rather to insure that it
shall continue to work properly.
And an essential part of the Capi
talistic system is profits. Without
profits there can be no important
tax income for the Government.
And taxes are all-important.
The realization that Mr. Roose
velt, although he listens patiently
to their theories, is not going to
play ball with the radicals who
would turn the whole system up
side down without waiting for any
overwhelming' demand from the
public, has been a great dissapoint
ivient to most of the ultra-radicals
who have had the Presidential ear.
Not the least disappointed man is
Professor Tugwell, Assistant Secre
tary' of Agriculture, who is out
spokenly Socialistic, and who has
staked his career upon the effort to
put a curb on business enterprise
by his so-called "Tugwell Bill,”
which would cripple the food and
medicine industries and make it
almost impossible for them to ad
vertise at all.
No proposal which has emanated
from Administration circles has met
with such wide-spread opposition
as this. This opposition is the best
evidence that the nation as a whole
is very far from being ready to go
. Socialist. Tugwell’s plan would
nut two of the largest industries
in the world under the complete
autocratic control of bureaucrats.
But Mr. Tugwell’s plan is not
going through. The President has
declined to swallow it whole, his
Continued on page four
Plan Depends On Continued Busi
TO CALL CODE MEETING
New Proposal to Be Made to Con
ference of Committees Feb
A further general shortening of
work hours will be proposed to Am
erican industry next month by the
national recovery administration
if the improvement of business de
velops to the point officials expect.
Hugh S. Johnson told newspaper
men that, "if business turns up, I
think we c^n” reduce substantial
ly the average of 40 hours a week
now prevailing in coded industries,
"Not only that, but I thin'k
business is going to.”
He said he did not contemplate
a universal 30-hour week or any
other definite figure, but explained
that hours virtually had to be de
creased or increased by eights,
which’suggested an average of 32
working hours a week as a possible
He will propose the general re
duction plan to a gathering of the
directing committees for the 200
coded industries at a meeting he
will call for February IS.
That session is to go over the
entire code regime for its purpose
of shaking out inequalities between
enmnetinp- industries, disrriminii
tions between manufacturing and
distributing groups, abuses and un
satisfactory policies of all sorts.
Johnson’s idea is that, now that a
large part of the codes Tire in ef
fect, they can be co-ordinated into
a working whole.
Johnson’s intention of proposing
work hour shortening suggested
that the administration might have
a definite plan to turn back upon
private industry by spring a size
able portion of the employment
load now being carried by the fed
eral government through the Civil
Under present plans the Uivil
Works program would be cut off
in May, and, if industry is expected
then to shoulder the larger part
of the load, many men will have to
be transferred to private payrolls.
The public works program, how
ever, is expected to absorb part
Not all NRA codes established a
40-hour week. Some have as low
as 3 5, some as high as 48, with al
lowances for even greater overtime.
In many cases the average is to
be obtained over a period of weeks
Special Services At
Announcement is being made by
the Rev. Marshall Woodson, pastor
of the First Presbyterian church of
a special series of services to be held
at this church, beginning next
Wednesday night and continuing
for teh days with two services each
day at 10 a. m., and 7:30 n. m.
Dr. Robert King, of Johnson City,
Tenn., will conduct the same and
which is to be known as "An
Abundant Life Crusade.” Dr.
King is regarded as one of the great
preachers of the Presbyteran church.
5 80,000 ACRE REDUCTION
The cotton farmers of North
Carolina are now asked to sign
contracts reducing the acreage to
the crop in 1934 by 580,000 acres,
leaving 900,000 acres in cultiva
tion for the staple. Heavy bene
fits are to be paid for those who
HOLD 2 FOR KILLING AGENT
Herman Barbrey, federal dry
agent died at Wilmington from
buckshot wounds sustained two
days before after he had raided a
whiskey still near the'Frank Millis
home in Pender county. C. R.
Millis is said to have admitted fir
ing the shots from ambush which
hit Barbrey and also Jesse Millis,
who had been arrested at the still.
dTirwni A n I?r tr?I?
| Harry Hopkins, federal relief and
civil works chief, has dissolved the
Georgia civil works relief board
and is administering the funds in
that state directly through his own
aides, after publicly criticzing Gov
ernor Eugene Talmadge and his
, board for obstructing the work.
DIES IN BURNING HOME
Trapped in his burning home,
Samuel Williams, 84, retired Alex
aiiuci county rormcr, lost his hie in
190 HOME LOANS APPROVED
j In the week ending December 29
the Home Owners Loan corporation
in this state approved 190 loans on
that many homes, the loans involv
|ng $372,423. Approved' loans to
that date ifl this state total 2,448 in
volving $3,35^2,462. __
LOAN TO MECKLENBURG
| Mecklenburg county has been
awarded $438,000 of public works
funds for construction of new
schools and school additions, one of
the biggest awards that has come
to the state.
N. C. GETS $122,000 VERDICT
In Wake Superior court last week
the state won a $122,000 verdict
against three bonding companies,
asking recovery on bonds covering
deposits ot the state park commis
sion in the Central bank of Ashe-!
ville which failed in 1930. Ap
peals were noted.
POSTAL DEFICIT IS CUT
Postmaster General Farley reports
a $112,374,892 deficit in the postal
department for 1933 as compared
with a loss of $203,5 50,61 1 in
193 2. The number of postal em
ployes is 23 5,573.
30,5 00 AUTOMOBILE VICTIMS
• The National Safety coutjcil esti
mates that 30,5 00 persons lost their
lives in automotive accidents in
1933, an increase of 3 1-2 per cent
1Q11 T'.L - 1. • 1. t .
toll is that of 1928 when 33,675
SURVEY OF HISTORIC POINTS
A national survey of historic
buildings have been approved as a
civil works project and in North
Carolina M. R. Marsh, Charlotte,
has been named supervising officer
with a personnel of 28 workers for
DEMOCRATS OWE $542,112
Although through its national
committee the Democratic party
received $728,536 in 1933 and
spent but $170,640, the party still
has $542,112 in unpaid obligations
inherited from previous years, the
DIES IN FEDERAL PRISON
Charlie Idol of Greensboro died
in the federal prison at Atlanta, af
ter an illness' of several months.
The body was sent to his home at
Greensboro, from where he was
sentenced on a liquor case.
NO RADIO LIQUOR ADS
It will be pleasing to the radio
public to learn that liquor adver
tising over the air has been ban
ned. After all, the fact that some
states are yet dry and have some
laws with teeth in them may have
a salving influence for some good.
Dry Forces Plan
■— — /
Raleigh—The United Dry Forces
of North Carolina will assemble in
a state-wide conference at Grens
boro, on January 16, for the pur
pose of perfecting a permanent or
ganization to continue in North
Carolina a constructive program of
education in favor of temperance
and against the evils of alcohol.
The county and other local units
of the organization that fought to
keep North Carolina dry in the re
cent election desire to conserve the
benefits of the recent campaign and
to continue their cfforts to keep
legalized liquor ant o! North Caro
lina, and to improve the enforce
ment of our present prohibition
laws. Many local units have al
ready become permanent, and it
is anticipated that the Greensboro
meeting avill set up a permanent
state-wide organizations. All per
sons in North Carolina interested in
the promotion of temperance.are in
vited to a'ttend the conference, and
all members of the central com
mittee, all candidates, county chair
men and managers of the United
Dry Forces are particularly urged
to be present.
AGAIN ORDER GOLD
Another federal order designed
to bring all gold coins and certifi
cates into the treasury, was issued
by the treasury 'department last
week, the penalty for refusal being
set at doubt the amount fo gold
ar certificates held. The treasury
states $311,044,98$ in coins andi
$217,486,829 in gold certificates'
is still held in private hands. I
Bill Provides $2
Per Gallon Tax
Washington — The administra
tion’s liquor tax bill was jammed
through the House by a vote of,
3 88 to 5, with only one Demo
crat and four Republicans voting
against the measure through which
the government hopes to obtain
$S 50,000,000 a year in ne\y reve
Acting under orders from the
White House for speedy action,
Democratic leaders whipped the
measure to' final passage over snip
ing opposition from both sides of a
The President’s hold over the
powerful Democratic congressional
majority was shown when a motion
rn/'rtmmit- tUo linimi* ♦-<•»v Kill nrai
defeated by a vote of 287 to 103 on
the roll call on passage of the bill,
opposition had dwindled to Rep
resentatives Allen (R), Illinois;
Brumm (R), Pennsylvania; Ed
monds (R), Pennsylvania; Hoep
pel (D), California and McFadden, '
The bill which provides for taxes
of $2 a gallon on distilled spirits,
$5 a barrel on beer and between i
10 and 40 cents a gallon on wines, 1
was sent to the senate where some1
slight delay may impede the bill,,
but final enactment is not far off.
Administration officials have es- :
timated that each day of delay
costs the treasury approximately
$750,000 in liquor taxes, since the
present revenue on spirits is only
$1.10 per gallon.
National Birthday Gift For President
1st Feline: Why did you jump
out of his car last night and run.
2nd Feline: I was being chaste.
Why are you running a steam
roller over that field?” asked the
I m trying to raise mashed po
tatoes,” explained the farmer.
Proud father: What shall we
Fond mother: Let’s call it
Just as the male traveler pur
chased the last sleeping space in the
Pullman an old lady next to him in
line burst into tears. Gallently he
sold her his space and walked over
to the telegraph office to send the
Following telegram to his wife "Will
not arrive until tomorrow. Gave
berth to an old lady just now.”
The only way to make money
following the horses is to be a street
Housewife: "Hey, iceman, do
you have the thhe?*'
Iceman: "Yes, I’ll be right up
is soon as I park de wagon.”
Kissing yovir wife, is like scratch -
ing a place that does not itch.
SHALL WE GATHER—?
A parson while baptizing a negro
Said, "I’ll make you white clear
Said she, "Oh, parson, dat’s too
s A nice cream color’ll do.”
"Say, can Ola swim?”
"No, but she’s a hot divan girl.”
Little girl: "What’s a stork,
Motner: "A bird of chance, my
He: "Never tell a secret around
He: "Because chairs are tale
Excited voice over the phone:
Policeman, come up to my house at
ance. An elephant is in my yard
pulling up cabbages with his tail.
Officer: "What’s he doing with
tu:. ,- „ _i .1 ii i •
-.w ewu UlUMllUg
lady rang off.
Letter to a corset company.
Dear Sirs: Is it moral for me to
wear my corset to a dance when I
enow how my boy friend feels?
For sale: A large walnut din
ng room table, by Miss Jones with
>rown mahogany legs.
r guess that is cutting a swell
igure,” said the chorus girl as she
ell on a broken bottle.
Her: "I don’t know whether to
>uy a brass or mahogany bed”
Salesman: "Lady you can’t g?
vrong on a brass bed”
She took the mahogany one
Bathing giirls: "Hello, there,
drandpa! How old are you.
Gagger: "Eighty”, dammit.
Two old maids were in an in
ane asylum for years, always knif
ing and knitting.
"Gee,” sighed Mayme one day!
'I wish some tall handsome man
vould 'wind his'arms about me and
queeze me until I gasp.
"Now you are talking sense,”
:rom the other, "You’ll be out of
lere in a few days.
Wants Sinking Funds Established .
By Both Carriers And Utilities.
ALLOW MORE EARNINGS <
Portion Of Earning Each Year
Should Be Set Aside To
President Roosevelt took sides ’
in a controversy that has stirred •
students of railroad finance for % _
decade by urging that the lines pro- 1
vide for the systematic retirement
_ r . i_ _ • 1 • 11. i i
jj. uivu uugc uiutuicuiiCdS Vfy kite
jstablishment of sinking funds. '
He recommended, too, that the
big public utility companies, also
faced with a huge debt burden,
follow the same course and added
the suggestion that both be helped
toward this objective by more lib
eral earning allowances from the
Interstate Commerce ciknmisskm
md state utility regulatory boards.
Such crises as those through
which many of the lines passed
last spring, some of them escaping
receivership by a scant margin, the
Chief Executive thought could be
ivoided through the sinking fund
method, aided bvo^^ot two passed
The practic^^^rge nerally fol
lowed .«r TSiTrbad financing, Mr.
Roosevelt said, is to supplant a ma
turing issue of bonds with a new
issue, making no allowance for
permanent retirement of outstand
ing. obligations. Under the sink
ing fund method, a portion of a
road’s revenues would be set aside
:ach month or year for the specific
purpose of reducing its debt.
In its recent annual report, the
interstate Commerce commission,
liscussed the sinking fund question
ariefly, asserting that it was giving
ronsideration to methods of re
versing the present trend in rail
road financing. The commission
idded a belief "that the desired re
mits can be obtained, in part at
east through the provision of sink
ng funds to be sent up by the
vumj/uiiivj UUl, Ill
:ome for the puropsc of retiring
i part of their funded debt before
The report said that if the funds
ivere not volutarily establshed the
:ommission might require' them as
i condition to the authorization to
:uture bond issues. The power of
the commission, although appar
ently clear under the sectfon au
ehorizing it to do this was declared
iy one official to be a "debatable
Economical customer: "Do you
take anything off for cash?”
DON’T MISS THE FIRST
The New Serial Story By
MARY 1MLAY TAYLOL
. . . Honor gets strangely twist
ed and the .marriage of Nancy
Gordon goes on the rocks ....
even before the ceremony . . .
Here is an exciting story of a
matrimonial mixup of
First installment on page 3 this
issue of The Watchman.
‘ ‘ Birthday Balia ’ * for President
Roosevelt on January 30th., will be
held in towna and cities throughout
the country. Ool. Henry L. Doherty,
New York, is chairman of the na
tional committee sponsoring the move
ment. the returns to go to the Warm
Springs, (Ga.) Foundation which is
to be endowed as a national center
for the development of methods of
treatment for infantile paralysis, a
movement to whieli^tluiM&jx^ent has
—much support. Phot* j-—show
President Roosevelt \ a group of the
cheerful little patients at Warm
Springs and, lower right, the birthday
cake for the President.
• •.-S : c 1
Do You Know The Answer?
Continued on page eight
1. In what country is the state
af Minas Geraes?
2. In what city did the Tweed
ring scandal occur?
3. vOf what country is Port au
Prince the capital?
4. What is the largest interior
body of water in the world?
5. Is the titli-xorcmodore used
n the United States navy?
6. What Minnesota cities are
;alled the twin cities?
7. What docs the word tycoon
8. Name tie heroine of Long- ■
fellows Indian poem, "Hiawatha.” .
9. Name the tenth President of
the United States,
10. Where is Mt. Mitchell?